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1.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 154-162, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940530

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo study the correlation between the apparent color, comprehensive sweetness and the content of main components in the preparation of Rehmanniae Radix Praeparata processed with Amomi Fructus and Citri Reticulatae Pericarpium, so as to lay a foundation for revealing the processing principle of Rehmanniae Radix. MethodThe color of Rehmanniae Radix Praeparata sample powder was measured by automatic colorimeter, the contents of 14 active components in samples with different heating time points were determined by high performance liquid chromatography, including 7 glycosides of catalpol, rehmannia glycoside D, leonurine glycoside, 5-hydroxymethyl furfural, verbascoside, isoacteoside and hesperidin, and 7 carbohydrates of D-fructose, glucose, sucrose, melibiose, raffinose, manninotriose and stachyose), and the mobile phase was acetonitrile-water for gradient elution. The comprehensive sweetness difference of sample was calculated by the sweetness of saccharides, SPSS 21.0 was used to analyze the relationship between the color, comprehensive sweetness and the main component contents in the processing of Rehmanniae Radix Praeparata processed with Amomi Fructus and Citri Reticulatae Pericarpium, the quality comprehensive evaluation index of Rehmanniae Radix Praeparata by triangular area method was established. ResultDuring the processing, the color value of the powder increased, and the apparent color of the sample became darker. the content determination results showed that the content of glycosides decreased, monosaccharides and comprehensive sweetness increased with the increase of heating time. The results of correlation analysis showed that chromaticity value, comprehensive sweetness were significant negatively correlated with the content of iridoid glycosides (P<0.01), the chromaticity value was significant positively correlated with the contents of furaldehyde derivatives, phenylethanoid glycosides, flavonoids and comprehensive sweetness was significant positively correlated with the contents of furaldehyde derivatives, phenylethanoid glycosides (P<0.01), and the comprehensive sweetness was positively correlated with the content of flavonoids (P<0.05). After 52 h of processing, the comprehensive evaluation index of samples reached 0.99. ConclusionThe overall trend of cluster analysis of powder chromaticity value of Rehmanniae Radix Praeparata is basically consistent with that of naked eyes, the comprehensive quality evaluation of Rehmanniae Radix Praeparata processed with Amomi Fructus and Citri Reticulatae Pericarpium can be carried out by combining the three indexes of powder chromaticity value, comprehensive sweetness and glycosides content.

2.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 158-170, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906283

ABSTRACT

Objective:Based on database mining, the high-frequency compatibility of Caryophylli Fols as the core in formulas for treating diarrhea was analyzed, and the network pharmacology was used to elucidate the mechanism of the core drug group containing Caryophylli Fols in the treatment of diarrhea. Method:The online database of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) was intelligently crawled by Python 3.8.1 programming, and the compatibility rules of Caryophylli Fols were analyzed, and the TCM with support≥0.30, confidence≥0.90 and lift≥1.00 was set as the core drug group of Caryophylli Fols. The components were searched and screened by TCM Systems Pharmacology Database and Analysis Platform (TCMSP), and the disease targets were collected in Therapeutic Target Datebase (TTD), GeneCards and DisGeNET database with "Diarrhea" as the key word. The network diagram of "TCM-ingredients-potential targets" was constructed by Cytoscape 3.7.1 software, and the network of protein-protein interaction (PPI) was constructed by STRING 11.0. Gene Ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) enrichment analysis of potential targets was analyzed by R language, and the components of the core drug group were preliminarily verified and evaluated by Discovery Studio Client 2016 software. Result:A total of 155 formulas containing Caryophylli Fols for treating diarrhea were screened, involving 54 TCMs. The analysis of association rules showed that Caryophylli Fols was strongly associated with Myristicae Semen, Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma, Aucklandiae Radix and Atractylodis Macrocephalae Rhizoma in the treatment of diarrhea. The core drug group composed of these five TCMs involved 119 kinds of TCM ingredients and 114 potential targets, of which 104 potential targets were distributed in the nervous system, and the key targets were tumor protein p53 (TP53), transcription factor activator protein-1 (JUN), mitogen-activated protein kinase 8 (MAPK8), interleukin-6 (IL-6), 90 kDa heat shock protein <italic>α</italic>A1 (HSP90AA1) and so on. GO enrichment analysis mainly involved biological processes such as the regulation of neurotransmitter levels, blood circulation, hormone-mediated signal pathway and regulation of chemical synaptic transmission. IL-17 signal pathway, helper T cell 17 (Th17) cell differentiation, epidermal growth factor receptor and salmonella infection in KEGG pathways were closely related to the treatment of diarrhea. Molecular docking showed that the key target protein had high affinity with quercetin, kaempferol and <italic>β</italic>-sitosterol. Conclusion:The multi-components, multi-targets and multi-pathways involved in the core drug group of Caryophylli Fols are closely related to inflammation and nervous system, so it is speculated that it may treat diarrhea by repairing intestinal shielding integrity and regulating the levels of neurotransmitters.

3.
Shanghai Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 1150-1153, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907130

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo explore the applicability of semi-quantitative comprehensive index method in occupational health risk assessment in domestic waste incineration industry. MethodsThe flue gas purification system in a domestic waste incineration plant was selected as the study subject. The risk assessment of chemical hazards were conducted using semi-quantitative comprehensive index method in the “Guidelines for occupational health risk assessment of chemicals in the workplace” (GBZ/T 298—2017). ResultsThe occupational health risk levels of hydrogen chloride, sulfur dioxide and activated carbon were low while using flue gas purification system, while the risk levels of lead and lead compounds, cadmium and cadmium compounds, ammonia and sodium hydroxide were medium. ConclusionThe assessment results of semi-quantitative comprehensive index method are basically consistent with the current situation of occupational health risk of flue gas purification system in a domestic waste incineration plant, which can provide the basis for enterprises to take occupational health risk control measures.

4.
Shanghai Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 1150-1153, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907107

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo explore the applicability of semi-quantitative comprehensive index method in occupational health risk assessment in domestic waste incineration industry. MethodsThe flue gas purification system in a domestic waste incineration plant was selected as the study subject. The risk assessment of chemical hazards were conducted using semi-quantitative comprehensive index method in the “Guidelines for occupational health risk assessment of chemicals in the workplace” (GBZ/T 298—2017). ResultsThe occupational health risk levels of hydrogen chloride, sulfur dioxide and activated carbon were low while using flue gas purification system, while the risk levels of lead and lead compounds, cadmium and cadmium compounds, ammonia and sodium hydroxide were medium. ConclusionThe assessment results of semi-quantitative comprehensive index method are basically consistent with the current situation of occupational health risk of flue gas purification system in a domestic waste incineration plant, which can provide the basis for enterprises to take occupational health risk control measures.

5.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3583-3591, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888010

ABSTRACT

This study explores the emulsifying material basis of Angelicae Sinensis Radix volatile oil (ASRVO) based on partial least squares (PLS) method and hydrophile-lipophile balance (HLB) value.The turbidity of ASRVO emulsion samples from Gansu,Yunnan,and Qinghai was determined and the chemical components in the emulsion were analyzed by GC-MS.The PLS model was established with the chemical components as the independent variable and the turbidity as the dependent variable and evaluated with indexes R~2X and R~2Y.The chemical components which were in positive correlation with the turbidity were selected and the HLB values were calculated to determine the emulsification material basis of ASRVO.The PLS models for the 81 emulsion samples had high R~2X and R~2Y values,which showed good fitting ability.Seven chemical components,2-methoxy-4-vinylphenol,trans-ligustilide,3-butylidene-1(3H)-isobenzofuranone,dodecane,1-methyl-4-(1-methylethylidene)-cyclohexene,trans-beta-ocimene,and decane,had positive correlation with turbidity.Particularly,the HLB value of 2-methoxy-4-vinylphenol was 4.4,which was the HLB range of surfactants to be emulsifiers and 2-methoxy-4-vinylphenol was positively correlated with turbidity of the ASRVO emulsion samples from the main producing area.Therefore,2-methoxy-4-vinylphenol was the emulsifying material basis of ASRVO.The selected emulsifying substances can lay a foundation for exploring the emulsification mechanism and demulsification solution of ASRVO.


Subject(s)
China , Emulsions , Least-Squares Analysis , Oils, Volatile , Surface-Active Agents
6.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1026-1033, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879000

ABSTRACT

Due to worldwide abuse of chemical antibiotics and continuous emergence of "superbugs", the harm of bacterial drug resistance to human beings has become more and more serious. Therefore, it is of great significance to look for green antibiotics with a wide range of sources, broad antibacterial spectrum, non-toxicity or low toxicity, environmentally friendliness, diverse active components and low drug resistance. The volatile oil of traditional Chinese medicine is a kind of volatile oily liquid that exists in plants and can be distilled with steam and immiscible with water. Because of its good potential to resist drug-resistant pathogens, it is widely used in food, medicine and other fields. This paper summarized the antibacterial advantages and characteristics of volatile oil of traditional Chinese medicine, and the antibacterial effect and antibacterial mechanism of combined application of volatile oil of traditional Chinese medicine, in order to provide some theoretical basis and study ideas for solving the problem of bacterial drug resistance and developing natural and green antibiotics.


Subject(s)
Humans , Anti-Bacterial Agents/pharmacology , Anti-Infective Agents , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacology , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Oils, Volatile/pharmacology
7.
Chinese Traditional and Herbal Drugs ; (24): 2977-2987, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-846392

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the potential material basis of Shengmai Injection for the treatment of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) through network pharmacology and molecular docking technology. Methods : The active compounds of Shengmai Injection were screened by TCMSP and BATMAN-TCM database. The action target was predicted by TCMSP and Targetnet online database, and the active component-action target network diagram was constructed by Cytoscape 3.7.1; Taking "coronavirus pneumonia" as the keyword, coronavirus-related disease targets were searched in GeneCards database and OMIM database. The common target was selected by intersection with the target of Shengmai Injection as the research target. The common target was imported into STRING database to obtain data, and then the protein-protein interaction network map was constructed in Cytoscape 3.7.1 software; The enrichment analysis of GO function and KEGG pathway was carried out by using R language to predict its action mechanism and construct the "component-target-pathway" network diagram; Molecular docking analysis of key targets was carried out by DiscoveryStudio 2.5 software. Results: A total of 22 active compounds were obtained from Shengmai Injection. They were DNOP, β-sitosterol, angeloylgomisin O, gomisin A, gomisin R, wuweizisu C, interiotherin B, changnanic acid, kadsulactone, kadsulignan B, neokadsuranic acid A, neokadsuranic acid B, neokadsuranic acid C, neokadsuranin, schisanlactone A, schisanlactone E, schizandronic acid, uridine, diosgenin, guanosine, N-trans-feruloyltyramine and stigmasterol. There were 224 corresponding targets and 16 common targets with COVID-19, namely CASP3, CASP8, PTGS2, BCL2, BAX, PRKCA, PTGS1, PIK3CG, F10, NOS3, DPP4, NOS2, TLR9, ACE, ICAM1 and PRKCE. The key targets were CASP3, PTGS2, NOS2, NOS3 and ICAM1. GO functional enrichment analysis showed that there were 771 entries for biological processes, 11 entries for cell composition and 79 items for molecular function. A total of 67 signal pathways were screened by KEGG pathway enrichment analysis, which were mainly related to AGE-RAGE signaling pathway in diabetic complications, apoptosis-multiple species, p53 signaling pathway, small cell lung cancer, and so on. The results of molecular docking showed that the components with better docking with the key targets were schisanlactone E, stigmasterol and N-trans-feruloyltyramine. Conclusion: The active compounds in Shengmai Injection, such as schisanlactone E, stigmasterol, N-trans-feruloyltyramine, can act on CASP3, PTGS2, NOS2, NOS3 and other targets to regulate multiple signaling pathways for anti-inflammatory, immune regulation, anti-shock and increasing blood oxygen saturation. This may play a role in the treatment of COVID-19.

8.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2103-2114, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827974

ABSTRACT

Based on data mining and through the method of network pharmacology, we analyzed the mechanism of high-frequency use of herb pair in the treatment of constipation with aromatic traditional Chinese medicine in this study. Through data mining, aromatic traditional Chinese medicine was obtained for the treatment of constipation and Pericarpium Citri Reticulatae and Aucklandiae Radix herb pair was used as the research object. The volatile oil from Pericarpium Citri Reticulatae and Aucklandiae Radix was extracted by steam distillation, and the chemical compositions of the volatile oil were detected by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry(GC-MS). The targets of volatile oil from Pericarpium Citri Reticulatae and Aucklandiae Radix were searched by PubChem, TCMSP, STITCH and Swiss Target Prediction databases. The targets of constipation were predicted and screened in OMIM, Genecards-Search Resuits and TTD databases. The obtained targets were introduced into Cytoscape 3.7.1 to construct protein-protein interaction(PPI) network diagram for GO and KEGG pathway enrichment analysis by using R language. The network diagram of "component-target-pathway" was constructed according to the results of KEGG enrichment. Discovery Studio 2.5 software was used to verify the molecular docking between the components and the targets. Among them, the most frequently used pair of aromatic traditional Chinese medicine in the treatment of constipation was Pericarpium Citri Reticulatae and Aucklandiae Radix. A total of 33 compounds were detected by GC-MS, and a total of 180 common action targets of Pericarpium Citri Reticulatae and Aucklandiae Radix on volatile oil in the treatment of constipation were predicted. The key targets included CYP19 A1, PPARA, PGR, ACHE, SLC6 A2 and so on. GO enrichment analysis showed that the activities of Pericarpium Citri Reticulatae and Aucklandiae Radix on volatile oil were mainly involved in the biological processes such as circulatory system, blood circulation, and steroid hormone binding. In KEGG enrichment pathway, neuroactive ligand-receptor interaction, endocrine resistance, Ca~(2+) signal pathway and IL-17 signaling pathway showed significant effect on constipation. The results of molecular docking showed that PGR, the target protein related to the treatment of constipation, had a good binding with gamma-linolenic acid, dihydro-alpha-ionone, alpha-eudesmol, caryophyllene oxide and beta-ionone. The results show that by using data mining technology and network pharmacology, it is revealed that the active components of Pericarpium Citri Reticulatae and Aucklandiae volatile oil in high frequency use of aromatic traditional Chinese medicine can be used totreat constipation mainly through CYP19 A1, PPARA, PGR, ACHE, SLC6 A2 and other targets, providing a new idea and method for the further study of aromatic traditional Chinese medicine in the treatment of constipation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Citrus , Constipation , Data Mining , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Molecular Docking Simulation
9.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 222-227, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802359

ABSTRACT

Eugenia caryophyllata,a plant of Myrtle family,has a long history of cultivation and application in China.It is a medicinal and edible homologous plant with rich pharmacological activities.At present,there have been reports on the pharmacological effects and chemical components of Caryophylli Flos,but the clinical research progress was less.Therefore,this paper was to summarize the studies on the chemical composition and pharmacological action of Caryophylli Flos,through literature review,this paper introduced the record of Caryophylli Flos in traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) and Mongolian medicine,the application frequency of Caryophylli Flos in traditional Mongolian medicine and its compatibility of drug-pair were analyzed with computer software.In addition,the use of Caryophylli Flos in Mongolian medicine was discussed from the aspects of their medicinal property,functional treatment and clinical application,so as to provide reference for the subsequent studies on Caryophylli Flos.

10.
Chinese Journal of Prevention and Control of Chronic Diseases ; (6)2006.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-674413

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the epidemic status of main non-communicable chronic diseases among the residents of Jingan district in Shanghai.Methods Multistage cluster sampling was adopted.960 residents were investigated with questionnaire and physical examination.Results The prevalence rates of Hypertension,diabetes mellitus,Cerebral vessels and Heart-blood were 25.6%,5.8%,3.1%and 5.7%,respectively.The multivarate logistic regression analysis showed that the related risk factors to four non-communicable chronic diseases included family history,the OR(95%CI)1.6(1.2~2.3),6.9 (3.5~13.6),4.5(2.0~10.0),2.2(1.2~4.0)separately.Conclusion Hypertension,diabetes are the main non-communicable disease hazarding the public health.The government and professional institutes should raise the attention on this serious problem and finance more as well as supplying policy support.

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