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Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (6): 666-668, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-642593


Objective To learn the plague's host animals and parasitic flea composition, and to investigate the natural foci of plague in Xiji county in order to provide basic information for plague prevention and control. Methods The Citellus alaschanicus density, nocturnal rodents, the body flea, the burrow track flea, the nest flea were investigated in 8 townships (town) of Xiji county from June 11 2007 to July 25 2007. Specimens of small mammalian, fleas were collected for bacteriological and serological testing. Results The average density of the main host Citellus alaschanicus was 0.85 per hectare. The nocturnal mouse capture rate was 0.80%(24/2987).The survey found 16 species of small mammals that belonging to 3 orders, 9 families and 16 species with Citellus alaschanicus the dominant species. The Citellus alaschanicus had 2.84 fleas per body. Four families and 16 species of fleas were identified in the areas. The Citellus alaschanicus and Citellophilus Tesquorum Mongolicus were the dominant species. Plague bacteriology and serology tests were negative. Conclusions The study shows that the area is suitable for the formation of natural foci of Citellus alaschanicus plague. Surveillance is an important measure for prevention and control of the plague.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-343853


To investigate the purging effect of CD3AK/iNOS on primary leukemic cells from chronic myeloid leukemia patients in vitro, amphotropic packaging cell line PA317 transfected with the whole length of iNOS gene was cultivated, amplified and screened by G418. The viral titer was determined by the NIH3T3 cells. Human peripheral blood mononuclear cells were isolated and activated by anti-CD3 monoclonal antibody in vitro. CD3AK cells were incubated with viral supernatant and selected by G418. Resistant clones were assayed for iNOS gene expression by RT-RCR. The content of nitric oxide and the activity of iNOS in the culture supernatant of CD3AK/iNOS were evaluated by the method of Griess. After BMMNC or PBMNC from CML patients were co-cultured with CD3AK/iNOS, CD3AK/Neo and CD3AK/iNOS respectively, the expression of bcr/abl fusion gene was detected by serial dilution semi-quantitative net RT-PCR assay. The results showed that anti-G418 positive packaging cell line PA317 transfected with the whole length of iNOS gene clones could stably synthesize and excrete recombinant retroviral vectors. The titer of recombinant retroviral vectors was 1.0 x 10(5) CFU/ml. After being transfected by recombinant retroviral supernatant, the iNOS cDNA was expressed in CD3AK/iNOS. The content of NO and activity of iNOS that synthesized and excreted by CD3AK/iNOS were notably increased, compared with those of CD3AK. There were statistically significant differences in NO content and iNOS activity between two groups. After BMMNC or PBMNC from CML patients were co-cultured with CD3AK/iNOS, CD3AK/Neo and CD3AK/iNOS respectively, the expression of bcr/abl fusion gene in all of them was down-regulated by serial dilution semi-quantitative RT-PCR assay. It is concluded that construction of CD3AK/iNOS can markedly increase the content of NO and the activity of iNOS, which can be more efficient in in vitro purging leukemia cells for autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation.

Adult , Aged , Animals , CD3 Complex , Allergy and Immunology , Cell Line , Cytotoxicity, Immunologic , Female , Fusion Proteins, bcr-abl , Genetics , Humans , K562 Cells , Leukemia, Myelogenous, Chronic, BCR-ABL Positive , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , Pathology , Male , Mice , Middle Aged , NIH 3T3 Cells , Nitric Oxide , Metabolism , Nitric Oxide Synthase Type II , Genetics , Metabolism , RNA, Messenger , Genetics , Metabolism , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , Tumor Cells, Cultured
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 695-697, 2005.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-308462


<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>The combination of oxaliplatin (L-OHP), 5-fluorouracil (5-Fu) and folinic acid (FA), being one of the effective regimens for advanced gastric cancer, is used in form of chronomodulated chemotherapy for advanced gastric cancer to investigate its efficacy and safety.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Twenty-six patients received a 4-day chronomodulated infusion of L-OHP, 5-Fu and FA. L-OHP (25 mg.m(-2).d(-1)) infused from 10:00 am to 22:00 pm, and followed by 5-Fu (600 mg.m(-2).d(-1)) and FA (300 mg.m(-2).d(-1)) from 22:00 pm to 10:00 am for 4 days using a multichannel programmable pump, every 2 weeks as an cycle for at least 2 cycles.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Twenty-six patients with previously untreated advanced gastric cancer were eligible. Two complete and 13 partial remissions were observed with an overall response rate of 57.7%. Stable disease was observed in 6 patients (23.1%) and progressive disease in five (19.2%). Four of these patients underwent surgery. The median remission time was 3.5 months and time to tumor progression (TTP) was 4.5 months. The median overall survival time was 8 months. A total of 80 cycles were given without any grade 4 toxicity observed, but grade 3 thrombocytopenia (1.3%) and mucositis (1.3%) in one patient, two grade 3 neutropenia (2.5%) and nausea/vomiting (2.5%) in 2.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Chronomodulated intravenous chemotherapy of oxaliplatin, 5-fluorouracil and folinic acid is effective and safe in the treatment of advanced gastric cancer.</p>

Adenocarcinoma , Drug Therapy , Adult , Aged , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Therapeutic Uses , Chronotherapy , Drug Administration Schedule , Female , Fluorouracil , Humans , Leucovorin , Male , Middle Aged , Organoplatinum Compounds , Stomach Neoplasms , Drug Therapy , Treatment Outcome