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1.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 576-581, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-975143

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the mood states, cognitive performance and the factors related to cognitive function of patients with complete spinal cord injury. MethodsA total of 60 male patients with complete spinal cord injury (SCI) admitted to Beijing Bo'ai Hospital from November, 2020 to March, 2022 were selected as SCI group, and 30 healthy males were selected as the control group. They were assessed with Montreal Cognitive Assessment Beijing Version (MoCA), Digital Span Test (DST) of Wechsler Memory Scale, Symbol Digit Modalities Test-Oral Version (SDMT), Rey-Osterrieth Complex Figure Test-30 min recall (CFT), Stroop Color-Word Test Chinese Version (CWT), Hamilton Anxiety Scale (HAMA) and Hamilton Depression Scale (HAMD). ResultsCompared with the control group, the SDMT and CFT scores were significantly lower (t > 3.052,P < 0.01); the reflect and square root transformation of MoCA score, the square root transformation of Stroop interference effects time consuming, HAMA score and HAMD score were higher (|t| > 2.542, |Z| > 7.676, P < 0.05) in SCI group. Multiple linear regression analysis indicated that age, education level, HAMD score and sleep disorder were significantly correlated with the scores of cognitive function in SCI group. ConclusionThere are more intensive anxiety and depression in patients with complete SCI. The patients with complete SCI present cognitive impairment, especially in information processing speed, visuospatial ability and visual memory, and executive function. Age, education level, depression and sleep disorder are the related factors of cognitive impairment in patients with complete SCI.

2.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 961-972, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956541

ABSTRACT

Osteoporotic vertebral compression fracture (OVCF) can lead to lower back pain and may be even accompanied by scoliosis, neurological dysfunction and other complications, which will affect the daily activities and life quality of patients. Vertebral augmentation is an effective treatment method for OVCF, but it cannot correct unbalance of bone metabolism or improve the osteoporotic status, causing complications like lower back pain, limited spinal activities and vertebral refracture. The post-operative systematic and standardized rehabilitation treatments can improve curative effect and therapeutic efficacy of anti-osteoporosis, reduce risk of vertebral refracture, increase patient compliance and improve quality of life. Since there still lack relevant clinical treatment guidelines for postoperative rehabilitation treatments following vertebral augmentation for OVCF, the current treatments are varied with uneven therapeutic effect. In order to standardize the postoperative rehabilitation treatment, the Spine Trauma Group of the Orthopedic Branch of Chinese Medical Doctor Association organized relevant experts to refer to relevant literature and develop the "Guideline for postoperative rehabilitation treatment following vertebral augmentation for osteoporotic vertebral compression fracture (2022 version)" based on the clinical guidelines published by the American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons (AAOS) as well as on the principles of scientificity, practicality and advancement. The guideline provided evidence-based recommendations on 10 important issues related to postoperative rehabilitation treatments of OVCF.

3.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 677-680, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923995

ABSTRACT

@# Tethered cord syndrome (TCS) is a progressive neurodevelopmental disorder. The TCS model was established mainly using physical and chemical Methods and surgery, but remained problems in failing to fully reflect the progressive course of the human TCS. In the future, it may select a single etiological factor to analyze, and gradually add other factors until we have deeper understanding of this disease.

4.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 649-653, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923994

ABSTRACT

@#MicroRNAs are short non-coding RNAs that regulate and control the translation of target genes, and play an important role in gene expression involved in the development of spinal cord and spinal cord injury, which constitute novel targets for therapeutic intervention to promote repair and regeneration of the spinal cord, also they are the potential biomarkers of spinal cord injury. This article reviewed the mechanism of microRNAs and listed several microRNAs in spinal cord injury area.

5.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 217-220, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923932

ABSTRACT

@#Objective To survey the attitudes and acceptance level of upper limb function reconstruction in patients with cervical spinal cord injury and analyze the related factors. Methods From October, 2013 to June, 2014, a total of 104 patients with cervical spinal cord injury were surveyed with self-designed questionnaire. Results There were 81 valid questionnaires, in which 3 patients (3.7%) heard of upper-extremity reconstructive surgery. The patients longed for upper limb function improvement most. After they had a understanding of the surgery, their willingness improved (P<0.01). No significant difference was found in the satisfaction degree and operation willingness between different hand function groups (P>0.05). The patients focused on the operation cost, the operation risk, recovery time after operation and the satisfaction of assistive devices, however, they were not correlated with the willingness of upper limb function reconstruction (P>0.05). Conclusion There is a clear gap between strong desire for functional improvement of upper limb and surgery awareness. It is important to communicate upper limb among patients with cervical spinal cord injury.

6.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 37-41, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923927

ABSTRACT

@#Two­photon microscopy is a new technique which combines laser scanning con-focal microscopy and two-photon excitation technique. Two-photon fluorescence microscopy has the advantages of little light damage, small bleaching area, strong penetrability, high resolution, high fluorescence collection efficiency, and high image contrast. It is suitable for dark field imaging and multi-labeled compound measurement, and has been widely used in small animals in vivo optical imaging, such as research for tumour, gene therapy, stem cells, drug development, spinal cord injury, etc.

7.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 274-287, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-514883

ABSTRACT

Spinal cord injury is a catastrophic injury causing lifelong severe disabilities, and poses a great burden to the individuals, families and society. In order to promote the standardization in treatment of traumatic spinal cord injury, the consensus on the evaluation, treatment and rehabilitation of traumatic spinal cord injury was suggested by experts, who came from authoritative multicenter in China. The expert consensus, which formed a standardization process from the first aid clinical treatment to rehabilitation of spinal cord injury, shall give a better practical guide for clinic and rehabilitation physicians.

8.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 792-795, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-616576

ABSTRACT

With the development of science and technology, and the emergence of artificial intelligence, wearable technology is becom-ing a hot topic in the field of rehabilitation medicine. Wearable technology is characterized by miniaturization, intelligency and convenience, and has been widely researched and applied in many fields, such as neurological rehabilitation, orthopaedic rehabilitation, spinal cord injury rehabilitation and rehabilitation for senile degenerative diseases. The further research may focus on the reliability of signals under dynamic monitoring, the comfortable feeling during long-term use of wearable devices, the data security based on personal privacy, and so on.

9.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 919-923, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-614164

ABSTRACT

The measurement of intramedullary pressure is particularly important in the research of spinal cord injury. This article ana-lyzed the influence factors and the measurement methods of intramedullary pressure. The influence factors included edema, vascular regula-tion and bleeding, spinal dural, pia mater spinalis, cerebrospinal fluid, canalis vertebralis and body position, etc. The measurement methods included direct measurement methods, as the sensor placed in the parenchyma of spinal cord, intradural extramedullary or lumbar catheter, and measuring in vitro, and indirect measurement methods, as computer modeling and intraocular pressure measuring.

10.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 65-68, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-487968

ABSTRACT

Either injury or reconstruction of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) may damage proprioceptive sense, remodel central ner-vous system and impair motor control. It is necessary to systematically remodel neuromuscular function, including proprioceptive sense cor-rection, central nervous system remodeling and motor control strengthening etc., for patients after ACL reconstruction.

11.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 1236-1240, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-503990

ABSTRACT

With the continuous expansion of the enrollment of international medical students and the improvement of teaching quality, as well as the rapid development of rehabilitation medicine in China, rehabilitation medicine has become one of the required courses for in-ternational medical students. In view of the main problems suffered by the international medical undergraduate students in the study of reha-bilitation medicine, we mainly focused on the education concepts, teaching management and quality evaluation system, curriculum setting, construction of teaching materials, teacher training, teaching mode, teaching research and so on. The aim is to provide reference for improv-ing education quality in the course of rehabilitation medicine for the international medical students.

12.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 779-783, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-496340

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the feasibility and effectiveness of lateral gastrocnemius muscle branch nerve transferring for deep pe-roneal nerve injury. Methods Thirty-two adult female Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into control group (n=8), sham group (n=8), nerve direct repairing group (n=8) and nerve transferring group (n=8). Twelve weeks after the anastomosis, the nerve anastomosis was observed vi-sually, the length of lateral of gastrocnemius muscle branch (L1), the diameter at the point of entering muscle (D1), the maximum detachable length of nervus peroneus communis (L2), the diameter of deep peroneal nerve (D2) and the distance between branch point and neck of fibu-la (S) were measured. The peroneal nerve functional index (PFI), the amplitude of compound muscle action potential (CMAP), nerve con-duction velocity (NCV), the weight of the tibialis anterior and the creatine kinase (CK) activity of theanterior tibial were compared among groups. Results L10.05). Conclusion It is feasible that lateral head muscular branches of gastrocnemius nerve transferring can repair deep peroneal nerve injury, which is needed to separate superficial peroneal nerve and deep peroneal nerve in the epineurium without damaging nerve for tension free neuroanastomosis. Lateral head muscular branches of gastrocnemius nerve transferring can repair the func-tion after deep peroneal nerve injury.

13.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 824-826, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-496335

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate whether S-100β protein could be a serum marker for traumatic spinal cord injury (SCI). Methods From June, 2013 to October, 2014, 24 patients with complete SCI were measured the serum S-100β protein concentrations with en-zyme-linked immunosorbent assay, one week, three and six months after SCI. Serum from ten healthy persons was as normal control. Re-sults The serum S-100βprotein concentrations increased one week and 3 months after SCI (Z>4.273, P<0.001). Conclusion The increase of serum S-100βprotein may help assessing early impairment after complete SCI.

14.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 1031-1036, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-479118

ABSTRACT

Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI), which responds with the diffusion of water molecules in spinal cord white matter, may be used to detect the integrity of the spinal cord fiber bundles and the pathological changes after injury. It is sensitive in acute and chronic spi-nal cord injury, such as cervical spondylotic myelopathy, multiple sclerosis, brain damage secondary spinal cord injury, spinal nerve root damage, and so on. In basic studies, DTI can reveal the microstructure and pathological changes of the injured spinal, and be correlated with behavioral assessment, which involved mice, monkeys, calves, cats, swines, dogs, and so on.

15.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 953-956, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-476867

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effect of salmon calcitonin on osteoporosis induced by spinal cord injury. Methods 100 patients with osteoporosis induced by spinal cord injury from September 2011 to September 2014 in our department were included. They were ran-domly divided into control group (n=50) and observation group (n=50). The control group received vitamin D3 only, while the observation group received vitamin D3 combined with salmon calcitonin on the basis of rehabilitation physiotherapy, for 6 months. Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) of pain was evaluated in different periods. The bone mineral density (BMD) of lumbar spine and femoral neck, the parathyroid hormone (PTH), bone gla protein (BGP) and 1,25-dihydroxy vitamin D3 (1,25-(OH)2D3) were tested and recorded. Results The VAS score was lower in the observation group than in the control group 1, 2, 3 and 6 months after treatment (P<0.001). The BMD of lumbar spine and femoral neck was significantly higher, the PTH and BGP were significantly lower and the 1,25-(OH)2D3 was significantly higher in the obser-vation group than in the control group after treatment (P<0.001). Conclusion Combination of salmon calcitonin can effectively reduce the bone pain and improve the BMD in patients with osteoporosis induced by spinal cord injury.

16.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 382-386, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-465555

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the effects of myelotomy on autophagy activation after traumatic spinal cord injury (SCI) in rats. Methods 54 adult female Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly assigned to sham-operated group (SG, n=18), contusion group (CG, n=18) or myelotomy group (MTG, n=18). The T10 SCI model in rats was induced with a New York University (NYU) impactor and myelotomy was performed 24 hours after SCI. They were evaluated with the BBB score 1, 7, 14 days after injury. The expression of mRNA of Beclin-1 and Bcl-2 were detected with real-time quantitative reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). The formation of autophagosome was investigated under electronic microscope (EM) 3 days after injury. Results BBB score was more in the MTG than in the CG 7 and 14 days after injury (P<0.05), while the expression of Beclin-1 mRNA was less (P<0.05). The expression of Bcl-2 mRNA was more in the MTG than in the CG 3 and 7 days after injury (P<0.05). The expression of Beclin-1 mRNA was negatively correlated with BBB scores (P<0.05). The formation of autophagosome was less in the MTG than in the CG. Conclusion Myelotomy can improve the recovery of motor function in rats after acute traumatic SCI, which may associate with neuroprotection mediated by inhibition of autophagy through the Bcl-2 signaling pathway.

17.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 634-641, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-464230

ABSTRACT

With the social development and the transformation of medical model, providing patients with continuous services and seam-less transfer between different medical institutions, namely continuity care, is inevitable. Discharge planning take patients as the center and patient's needs as the guidance. Patients and their families should actively take part in the plan. Through multi-disciplinary and multi-institu-tional cooperation, patients can continue to enjoy health services after discharge. Discharge planning is the basis of continuous medical ser-vice. This article summrized the background and situation of discharge planning in the United States, Canada, Brazil, the United Kingdom, Ireland, Australia, Japan, India, South Africa, and Hong Kong, Taiwan and mainland in China. When heavy medical burden, aging, im-balence between supply and demand occurred, discharge planning could be helpful to make rational use of medical resources, save medical costs, guarantee the quality of medical service continuity, avoid the occurrence of adverse events after discharge and improve the patients' function and quality of life. This article reviewed group members, time, institutions and process of discharge planning in order to provide ev-idence-based basis for the development of discharge planning in China.

18.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 628-633, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-464187

ABSTRACT

Discharge planning is the basis of continuous medical service. It could shorten the length of hospital stay, improve bed occu-pancy, reduce readmission rate, save medical costs, and improve the quality of life. It's considered to be important and supplemented by rele-vant policies and regulations to promote development in the United States, the United Kingdom, Canada, Australia and other developed countries. In China, even though Hong Kong and Taiwan have issued discharge planning policies, the mainland is still at the stage of explora-tion. Discharge planning in Chinese mainland has problems like restricted objectives, imperfect content, un-optimized process, unestablished professionals and organizations and so on. Standardized discharge planning guide still needs further research. As the health service system including hospitals, public health institutions and primary health institutions coverd urban and rural gradually, and the new pattern of grad-ing diagnosis and treatment established, it's necessary to analyze the necessity, importance, obstacles and measures of discharge planning in China.

19.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 1031-1036, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940279

ABSTRACT

@#Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI), which responds with the diffusion of water molecules in spinal cord white matter, may be used to detect the integrity of the spinal cord fiber bundles and the pathological changes after injury. It is sensitive in acute and chronic spinal cord injury, such as cervical spondylotic myelopathy, multiple sclerosis, brain damage secondary spinal cord injury, spinal nerve root damage, and so on. In basic studies, DTI can reveal the microstructure and pathological changes of the injured spinal, and be correlated with behavioral assessment, which involved mice, monkeys, calves, cats, swines, dogs, and so on.

20.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 953-956, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940090

ABSTRACT

@#Objective To explore the effect of salmon calcitonin on osteoporosis induced by spinal cord injury. Methods 100 patients with osteoporosis induced by spinal cord injury from September 2011 to September 2014 in our department were included. They were randomly divided into control group (n=50) and observation group (n=50). The control group received vitamin D3 only, while the observation group received vitamin D3 combined with salmon calcitonin on the basis of rehabilitation physiotherapy, for 6 months. Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) of pain was evaluated in different periods. The bone mineral density (BMD) of lumbar spine and femoral neck, the parathyroid hormone (PTH), bone gla protein (BGP) and 1,25- dihydroxy vitamin D3 (1,25-(OH)2D3) were tested and recorded. Results The VAS score was lower in the observation group than in the control group 1, 2, 3 and 6 months after treatment (P<0.001). The BMD of lumbar spine and femoral neck was significantly higher, the PTH and BGP were significantly lower and the 1,25-(OH)2D3 was significantly higher in the observation group than in the control group after treatment (P<0.001). Conclusion Combination of salmon calcitonin can effectively reduce the bone pain and improve the BMD in patients with osteoporosis induced by spinal cord injury.

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