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1.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 115-119, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862555

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the clinical features of patients with hepatic myelopathy (HM) in China. MethodsThe articles on HM, published in China from January 2009 to December 2018, were collected to analyze the clinical features, laboratory examination results, diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis of HM patients. ResultsA total of 94 articles were included, with 562 patients in total, among whom there were 489 male patients and 73 female patients. Their age ranged from 17-81 years, with a mean age of 46.3±17.5 years. Hepatitis B cirrhosis was the most common etiology (64.4%), followed by alcoholic cirrhosis (10.3%) and hepatitis C cirrhosis (9.2%). The clinical manifestations of HM mainly included decline of muscle strength (89.50%), tendon hyperreflexia (76.87%), ataxia, and movement disorder (76.51%). Laboratory examination showed an increase in blood ammonia by 92.31% and a reduction in albumin by 88.96%. Imaging diagnosis mainly depended on electromyography (64.92%) and spinal cord MRI (22.82%), and abdominal color Doppler ultrasound, CT, or MRI alone has limited clinical value. After comprehensive medical treatment, no patient (0%) was cured, 106 patients (18.86%) were improved, 211 patients (37.54%) had no response, 31 patients (5.52%) worsened, 129 patients (22.95%) died, and 53 patients (9.43%) were not explained. A total of 39 patients underwent liver transplantation, with an improvement rate of 5641%. ConclusionHM is a rare complication of end-stage liver disease and is mainly observed in middle-aged men. It has the main manifestation of chronic and progressive spastic paraplegia of both lower limbs. Currently, there is no effective treatment method, and liver transplantation is feasible for some patients, with poor treatment response and poor prognosis.

2.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 556-560, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-819213

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the gastroscopic manifestations of gastric mucosa in portal hypertensive gastropathy (PHG) and the association of PHG with gastroesophageal varices, ulcers, and liver cirrhosis complications. MethodsA retrospective analysis was performed for the clinical data of 867 patients with liver cirrhosis who were treated in Daping Hospital of Army Medical University from August 2012 to June 2018, and the incidence rates of gastroesophageal varices, PHG, and ulcers were recorded. Meanwhile, the data of spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP), hepatic encephalopathy (HE), and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) were collected. The chi-square test was used for comparison of categorical data between groups, and a Spearman correlation analysis was also performed. ResultsThe incidence rate of PHG in the patients with liver cirrhosis reached 66.2% (574/867), and gastric mucosa abnormalities in mild PHG were mainly red-spot lesions (68.6%) and snakeskin (56.8%), while diffuse erythema (76.5%) was the main gastric mucosa abnormality in severe PHG. There was a significant difference in the incidence rate of PHG between the patients with different severities of esophageal varices (χ2=304712, P<0.05), and the severity of PHG increased with the aggravation of esophageal varices (r=0.515, P<0.05). There was a significant difference in the incidence rate of PHG between the patients with different severities of gastric varices (χ2=81.004, P<0.05), and the severity of PHG was positively correlated with that of gastric varices (r=0.292, P<0.05). There was a significant difference in the incidence rate of PHG between the patients with varices at different locations (χ2=41.361, P<0.05); the patients with gastric varices alone had the lowest incidence rate of PHG (34.8%) and only had mild PHG, and those with gastroesophageal varices had the highest incidence rate of PHG (85.6%). Among the patients without PHG, 71 (24.2%) were hospitalized due to hematemesis and/or tarry stool, and among the 574 patients with PHG, 316 (55.1%) were hospitalized, and there was a significant difference between the two groups (χ2=74562, P<0.05). ConclusionPatients with different severities of PHG have different features of gastric mucosa abnormalities. The development and severity of PHG are closely associated with the severity of gastroesophageal varices and are important causes of gastrointestinal bleeding in liver cirrhosis. PHG should be treated and prevented to reduce the risk and complications of gastrointestinal bleeding.

3.
Chinese Journal of Digestion ; (12): E007-E007, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811655

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate awareness of digestive system injury caused by corona virus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in gastroenterologists.@*Methods@#From February 21 to 23 in 2020, the electronic questionnaire was sent out to explore the condition of the basic knowledge of COVID-19 and knowledge of digestive system injury caused by COVID-19 grasped by gastroenterologists. Chi-square test was used for statistical analysis.@*Results@#A total of 2 216 gastroenterologists from 31 provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities nationwide completed the survey. 99.7% (2 209/2 216) of gastroenterologists stated that they had read the COVID-19 diagnosis and treatment guidelines. The percentage of physicians who well knew the diagnostic criteria of suspected and confirmed cases of COVID-19 was 34.9% (774/2 216) and 39.4% (874/2 216), respectively. The percentage of physician who gave the right answer of COVID-19 detectable methods and lung imaging was 68.4% (1 516/2 216) and 71.6% (1 586/2 216), respectively. The percentage of correct answer of digestive system injury caused by COVID-19 in residents, attending physicians, associate chief physicians and chief physicians was 30.9% (134/433), 33.9% (234/691), 32.4% (213/657) and 34.9% (152/435), respectively, however there were no statistically significant differences among physicians of different level (χ2=6.60, P> 0.05). 95.6% (2 119/2 216) of gastroenterologists believed that probiotics could effectively improve bowel function, and 94.0% (2 082/2 216) of gastroenterologists considered that enteral nutrition support could improve patients’ prognosis.@*Conclusions@#The knowledge and dynamic progress of the digestive system injury caused of COVID-19 are still insufficiently grasped by gastroenterologists in China. So it is necessary to carry out systematic and pertinent training for them.

4.
Chinese Journal of Digestion ; (12): 162-166, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871461

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the awareness of digestive system injury caused by coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in gastroenterologists.Methods:From February 21 to 23 in 2020, the electronic questionnaire was used to learn about the condition of the basic knowledge of COVID-19 and awareness of digestive system injury caused by COVID-19 among the gastroenterologists across the country. Chi-square test was used for statistical analysis.Results:A total of 2 216 gastroenterologists from 31 provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities nationwide completed the survey. 99.7% (2 209/2 216) of gastroenterologists stated that they had read the COVID-19 diagnosis and treatment guidelines. The percentages of physicians who knew clearly about the diagnostic criteria of suspected and confirmed cases of COVID-19 was 34.9% (774/2 216) and 39.4% (874/2 216), respectively. The percentages of physician who gave the right answers of COVID-19 detectable methods and pulmonary imaging was 68.4% (1 516/2 216) and 71.6% (1 586/2 216), respectively. The percentages of correct answers of digestive system injury caused by COVID-19 were physicians and chief physicians was 30.9% (134/433) in residents, 33.9% (234/691) attending physicians, 32.4% (213/657) associated chief physicians and 34.9% (152/435) chief physicians, respectively, however there were no statistically significant differences among physicians with different professional titles ( χ2=6.60, P> 0.05). 95.6% (2 119/2 216) of gastroenterologists believed that probiotics could effectively improve bowel function, and 94.0% (2 082/2 216) of gastroenterologists considered that enteral nutrition support could improve patients’ prognosis. Conclusions:The knowledge and dynamic progress of the digestive system injury caused by COVID-19 are still insufficiently grasped by gastroenterologists in China. So it is necessary to carry out systematic and pertinent training programmes for them.

5.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 111-114, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-808213

ABSTRACT

Liver cancer is a common malignant tumor. Although the overall incidence and mortality rates of liver cancer has been decreasing in recent years, the incidence of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD)-associated liver cancer tends to increase. The health and social issues brought by NAFLD-associated liver cancer have attracted more and more attention, and its epidemiology, pathogenesis, and diagnosis and treatment await further research. This article summarizes the current epidemiology and pathogenesis of NAFLD-associated liver cancer.

6.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 556-560, 171.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-813328

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the gastroscopic manifestations of gastric mucosa in portal hypertensive gastropathy (PHG) and the association of PHG with gastroesophageal varices, ulcers, and liver cirrhosis complications. MethodsA retrospective analysis was performed for the clinical data of 867 patients with liver cirrhosis who were treated in Daping Hospital of Army Medical University from August 2012 to June 2018, and the incidence rates of gastroesophageal varices, PHG, and ulcers were recorded. Meanwhile, the data of spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP), hepatic encephalopathy (HE), and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) were collected. The chi-square test was used for comparison of categorical data between groups, and a Spearman correlation analysis was also performed. ResultsThe incidence rate of PHG in the patients with liver cirrhosis reached 66.2% (574/867), and gastric mucosa abnormalities in mild PHG were mainly red-spot lesions (68.6%) and snakeskin (56.8%), while diffuse erythema (76.5%) was the main gastric mucosa abnormality in severe PHG. There was a significant difference in the incidence rate of PHG between the patients with different severities of esophageal varices (χ2=304712, P<0.05), and the severity of PHG increased with the aggravation of esophageal varices (r=0.515, P<0.05). There was a significant difference in the incidence rate of PHG between the patients with different severities of gastric varices (χ2=81.004, P<0.05), and the severity of PHG was positively correlated with that of gastric varices (r=0.292, P<0.05). There was a significant difference in the incidence rate of PHG between the patients with varices at different locations (χ2=41.361, P<0.05); the patients with gastric varices alone had the lowest incidence rate of PHG (34.8%) and only had mild PHG, and those with gastroesophageal varices had the highest incidence rate of PHG (85.6%). Among the patients without PHG, 71 (24.2%) were hospitalized due to hematemesis and/or tarry stool, and among the 574 patients with PHG, 316 (55.1%) were hospitalized, and there was a significant difference between the two groups (χ2=74562, P<0.05). ConclusionPatients with different severities of PHG have different features of gastric mucosa abnormalities. The development and severity of PHG are closely associated with the severity of gastroesophageal varices and are important causes of gastrointestinal bleeding in liver cirrhosis. PHG should be treated and prevented to reduce the risk and complications of gastrointestinal bleeding.

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