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Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 885-889, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-866923


Acute myocardial infarction with cardiogenic shock (AMI-CS) refers to the rapid decrease in cardiac output in a short period of time, and it leads to severe insufficient perfusion of various organs and causes systemic microcirculatory dysfunction, which is the most common cause of the death of patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI). At present, the main strategy for clinical treatment of AMI-CS is revascularization, which reduces the mortality of AMI-CS. However, myocardial ischemia and reperfusion can cause ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury, induce myocardial mitochondrial dysfunction, and a large amount of reactive oxygen species (ROS) accumulation. Mitochondrial-mediated apoptosis of cardiomyocytes is the main reason of cardiomyocyte death during reperfusion injury. This article summarizes the role of mitochondrial in AMI-CS, which focus on three aspects of mitochondrial permeability transition pore (mPTP) opening, mitochondrial autophagy and mitochondrial fusion/division. It is expected to provide new ideas for clinical AMI-CS and identify potential complications targets.

Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 850-853, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-866908


Objective:To investigate the people's cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) ability in Hunan Province and whether there are differences in the skill level of CPR among respondents of different ages and education levels.Methods:A self-made questionnaire was conducted to survey people in Hunan Province by means of WeChat from May 2018 to April 2019. The questionnaire referred to 2016 National consensus on cardiopulmonary resuscitation in China issued by Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation Specialized Committee of Chinese Research Hospital Association and 2017 version of American Heart Association (AHA) CPR operational guide, and combined with the CPR assessment scale of Hunan Provincial People's Hospital. The contents of the survey included the basic information of the subjects, the common knowledge and skills of first aid, the willingness to learn CPR skills and implement CPR, and the operational requirements of high quality CPR, etc. Results:A total of 6 563 people received the on-site first aid knowledge questionnaire, and 4 355 people completed and submitted the questionnaire. The recovery rate was 66.36%, of which 3 602 valid questionnaires were from IP in Hunan Province, and the qualified rate was 82.71%. Among the subjects, 1 532 were men (42.53%) and 2 070 were women (57.47%). The majority aged group from 19 to 30 (59.41%) and from 31 to 50 (36.70%). 307 were rural (8.52%) and 3 295 were urban (91.48%); and the majority levels of education were senior or technical secondary school (38.26%) and undergraduate or junior college (44.50%). Of the 3 602 respondents, 39.09% indicated that they had been exposed to CPR knowledge and only 0.36% indicated that they did not wish to participate in CPR training. 69.93% of the respondents said they would actively to help if they wet cardic arrest, and 97.92% of those were willing to do so if the patients were relatives or friends. The survey results showed that only 8.91% of respondents chose relatively high-quality CPR options (chest compressions were performed first, the pressing point was located in the sternum of the midpoint of bilateral nipple line, the pressing frequency was 100-120 times/min, pressing depth was 5-6 cm, the ratio of chest compression to artificial ventilation was 30∶2). Among these people, the correct rate was higher in the ages of 31-50 years old and ≤ 18, 19-30 than those ≥51 years old (12.71% vs. 0%, 6.87%, 8.70%, χ2 = 41.420, P < 0.01). The correct rate of education at graduate level and above was higher than those in junior middle school and below, high school or technical secondary school, undergraduate or junior college (19.57% vs. 2.07%, 3.41%, 13.72%, χ2 = 152.262, P < 0.01). Conclusions:The public in Hunan Province have a strong sense of first aid, and some of the theoretical knowledge of CPR. People between 31 years old and 50 years old of age and with graduate education and above know more about CPR, but the overall mastery of CPR skills is poor. It is necessary to further improve the ability of the public as the first witness by teaching various skills of CPR in various forms.

Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 332-336, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-511302


Objective To reveal the pathophysiological changes of sepsis, the plasma metabonomics of septic rats was determined and differential metabolites were determined by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). Methods Male Spraguee-Dawley (SD) rats about 8 weeks were randomly divided into sham group (n = 18) and sepsis group (n = 24). Cecal ligation and puncture (CLP) was used to build sepsis model, while cecum was kept intact only in the sham group. 6 hours after the operation, rats were anesthetized, and blood was harvested through heart thoracotomy. Then the plasma metabonomics was detected by GC-MS and metabolic profile analysis was performed to find the relative differential metabolites.Results Principal component analysis (PCA) and partial least squares discriminant analysis (PLS-DA) showed that the metabolic profiling of the sepsis group was significantly different from the sham group. 259 kinds of metabolites were got by GC-MS, and 69 kinds of differential metabolites were found between sham group and sepsis group, in which 23 differential metabolites were related to amino acid metabolism. Compared with sham group, the contents of putrescine, N-glutamic acid, hydroxynorvaline, 3-cyanuric acid, D-alanyl-D-alanine and urea in the plasma of septic rats increased significantly, which ratios of sepsis/sham group were 10.876, 6.394, 2.800, 2.226, 1.323, 1.203, respectively (allP < 0.05). On the other hand, the contents of oxygen generation of proline, citrulline, glutamine, su-beta-hydroxy aspartic acid, citric acid, N-methyl-DL-alanine, serine, lysine, threonine, N-formyl-L-methionine, methionine, alanine, nicotinuric acid, N-methyl-L-glutamic acid, trans-4-hydroxy-L-proline, proline, L-glutamic acid in the plasma of septic rats decreased significantly, which ratios of sepsis/sham group were 0.858, 0.853, 0.834, 0.816, 0.816, 0.814, 0.813, 0.801, 0.793, 0.792, 0.774, 0.766, 0.748, 0.727, 0.716, 0.674, 0.603, respectively (allP < 0.05).Conclusions Through the GC-MS analysis of plasma metabonomics of septic rats, we found abnormal energy metabolism changes. The content of amino acid in plasma might be a method to evaluate the energy metabolism status of sepsis.