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1.
Journal of Practical Radiology ; (12): 803-805, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-752444

ABSTRACT

Objective ToexploretheCTcharacteristic manifestationsoftheinfantilehepatichemangioendothelioma (IHHE). Methods 10cases(5malesand5females)withIHHE (agerangefromonly1dayto8months,withthemeanageof53days)were collected.Theclinicalmanifestationsincludedabdominalmassesin5cases,vomitingin2andjaundicein1.Therewasababygirlwith congenitalcholedochalcyst.Allpatientsunderwenttheplainandcontrast-enhancedscans.Results CTshowedlocalandsingleintrahepatic massin6cases(including2casesinrighthepaticlobe,2casesinquadratelobeand2casesinleftlobe),2-3massesinliverin2,and diffusenodulesin2.PlainCTshowedallmasseswithlowdensityorlow-equalhybriddensity.Themarginswereclearin4cases,and unclearin6cases,withspottedcalcificationin2cases.TheenhancedCTshowedall10caseswithrosette-likemarginalenhancement, and6caseswithgradualwash-inindelayedphase.Threepatientsreceivedinterventionaltreatmentswithintrahepaticarterialembolization, andthenthediffuselesionsintwopatientssignificantlyreducedafter20monthsand33monthsrespectively,whilethesinglelesionin 1casealsosignificantlyshrankafter6monthsoftreatment.Conclusion CTisaneffectivemethodforthediagnosisofinfantilehepatic vascularendothelioma.Marginalring-enhancementisthecharacteristicmanifestationofIHHE,anditdoesnotinvadeadjacentliver parenchymaandbloodvessels,whichcanbedistinguishedfromotherliveroccupyinglessions.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-712172

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the relationship between lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2(Lp-PLA2) activity and the severity of coronary artery diseases .Methods A case-control study was conducted to select 231 patients with positive coronary angiography results in Beijing Huaxin Hospital .They were divided into two groups (untreated goup:147 cases; the medication group:84 cases) according to whether taking statins.99 cases were included in the healthy control group .In the untreated group, all male patients were grouped according to the number of diseased coronary branches (43 cases were in single vessel lesion group and 52 cases were in multi vessel disease group ) or to the Gensini score (32 cases were in low score group, 36 cases were in middle score group and 27 cases were in high score group ).The clinical data were collected by detecting serum atherosclerotic markers such as Lp-PLA2, total cholesterol (CHOL), low-density lipoprotein (LDL).The number of vessels involved in coronary artery disease , the position of the lesion and the degree of stenosis were confirmed by percutaneous coronary intervention ( PCI).Statistical evaluations were performed using t-test, variance analysis, Mann-Whitney U test and Spearman correlation analysis.Results The differences among untreated group , the medication group and the control group were statistically significant, of which the Lp-PLA2 level was (561.9 ±158.5) U/L, (373.2 ±124.7) U/L and (467.4 ±130.4) U/L respectively.Compared with single branch disease group , the Lp-PLA2 level in the multiple branches disease group was increased dramatically .Additionally, the level of Lp-PLA2 in high Gensini score group was (618.7 ±165.4) U/L, significantly higher than the low score group (517.3 ± 191.7) U/L.Conclusion Lp-PLA2 activity was associated with the severity of Coronary Artery Diseases, which can provide the evidence for the follow-up treatment programs.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-706886

ABSTRACT

Objective: To observe the influence of TRPV6 gene silence on SW480 colon cancer cell biological behavior, change in the in-tracellular concentration of calcium, as well as influence of 1,25 (OH)2D3CaCl2and CuCl2on SD rat colonic neoplasm models. Method: SW480 colon cancer cells were infected using lentivirus particles. TRPV6 protein and mRNA expression was detected using immunohistochemical tests, Western blot, and PCR. Moreover, the proliferation, metastasis, and apoptosis of SW480 colon cancer cells were detected through MTT assay and metastasis and apoptosis experiments, and the concentration of Ca2+in SW480 colon cancer cells was measured using high-speed ionic imaging. The SD rat colon cancer model was established based on DMH, and were assigned into experimental group (DMH group, 15) and intervention group (DMH+1,25 (OH)2D3group, DMH+CuCl2group) and control group, 10 in each group. The SD rat colon cancer model is established based on DMH, given 1,25(OH)2D3(37.5 nmol/kg) and CuCl2(375 μmol/kg) separately as intervention. The occurrence of colonic neoplasms and glandular cancers in each group of rats was observed, and Western blot was employed for detection of the TRPV6 protein expression. Results: After the transfection of SW480 colon cancer cells by TRPV6-RNAi, the expression of TRPV6 mRNA and protein decreased, intracellular concentration of Ca2+decreased, proliferation and metastasis rate of SW480 colon cancer cells decreased, and apoptosis rate of these cells increased. The differences between the groups with intervention and the blank control group and negative control group showed statistical significance (P<0.05). The colon cancer occurrence rate in the control group was 0, while that of the DMH+1,25 (OH)2D3 group, DMH group, and DMH+CuCl2were 100%, 84.62%, and 33.33%, respectively. The TRPV6 protein expression was detected in all groups, while DMH+1,25(OH)2D3group was observed to exhibit the highest level of expression, followed by the DMH group, DMH+CuCl2group, and control group. The differences were of statistical significance (P<0.05). Conclusions: The proliferation and metastasis of SW480 colon cancer cells can be prohibited by lowering the concentration of Ca2+in the cells. Thus, the apoptosis of the cells can be induced. 1,25 (OH)2D3can help improve the expression of TRPV6 protein in experimental rat colon tissues and promote the formation of colon neoplasms. CuCl2can help lower the expression of TRPV6 protein in experimental rat colon tissues and prevent the formation of colon neoplasms.

4.
Journal of Practical Radiology ; (12): 271-273, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-696801

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the value of MSCT in the clinical diagnosis of pediatric mediastinal neuroblastoma.Methods MSCT findings of 1 3 cases of pediatric mediastinal neuroblastoma confirmed by surgical pathology were analyzed retrospectively. Results Posterior mediastinal masses were found in 13 cases,9 cases on the right,4 cases on the left side.Mass vertical diameter was longer than that on the horizontal diameter,in which the largest diameter was >5 cm in 1 1 cases,and ≤2.5 cm in 2 cases.On CT plain scan,low density necrotic liquefild area was showed in 6 cases,calcification in 6 cases.There were 1 2 cases of strengthening enhanced effect,obviously uneven enhancement in 8 cases,mild enhancement in 4 cases,no enhancement in 1 case.Signs of peripheral vascular infiltration of surrounding tissue were showed in 8 cases,trachea pressing shift in 5 cases,pleural liquid in 2 cases.There was chest vertebra destruction in 1 case and 1 case with femoral and tibial metastasis and renal metastasis.There were 2 cases of adrenal neuroblastoma concurrent with mediastinal neuroblastoma.CT diagnosis of neuroblastoma in 6 cases,neurogenic tumors in 5 cases,mediastinal occupying in 1 case.Misdiagnosed as anterior cyst in 1 case.Conclusion MSCT can not only show the location,extent and some pathological features of pediatric mediastinal neuroblastoma,but also can clear the degree of tumor invasion and can guide the clinical treatment and evaluate the therapeutic effect.

5.
Journal of Practical Radiology ; (12): 1922-1924, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-733394

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the MRI features of viral encephalitis in children.Methods MRI data of 33 children with viral encephalitis diagnosed and treated by clinic were analyzed retrospectively for lesion location,shape,characteristics in multi-sequence and dynamic follow-up.Results The positive rate of MRI detection was 93.93%,including 20 cases involved in the limbic system,3 cases involved in the non-limbic system,and 8 cases involved in both limbic system and non-limbic system simultaneously.22 cases (70.96%)showed low signal in T1WI.25 cases (80.64%)showed high signal in T2WI,with slightly in 15 cases (60%)and obviously in 10 cases (40%).29 cases (93.54%)showed high signal in T2WI-FLAIR,with slightly in 6 cases (20.68%)and obviously in 23 cases (7 9 .3 1 %). The MRI manifestations were not synchronized with the clinical symptoms,the abnormal signal of MRI disappeared later than the clinical symptoms.Conclusion To a certain extent,the MRI findings can provide evidences for diagnosis,therapy,supervision and prognosis of viral encephalitis.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-806913

ABSTRACT

Objective@#A new type of molecular probe design method was established to improve the sensitivity and specificity of microRNA detection. @*Methods@#This is an experimental study. The target hybridization sequence was designed on the stem side of the molecular beacon using the strand displacement principle and based on this, a new probe was designed by using the nucleic acid structure analysis software DNAman to optimize the secondary structure of the molecular probe, which was called as strand displacement molecular probe (MB-D) and MB-D plus. Taking microRNA-21 as an example, microRNA-21 and its related single nucleotide mutations were detected using conventional molecular probe (MB-C) and redesigned MBs (MB-D and MB-D plus) to analyze the differences on minimum detection limit, repeatability and specificity for microRNA detection among these three probes. @*Results@#The minimum detection limit of MB-C for microRNA-21 was 1 nmol/L, and the minimum detection limits for MB-D and MB-D plus were 0.1 nmol/L and 0.01 nmol/L, respectively. The established MB-D plus can significantly distinguish between miR-21 and single nucleotide mutations. @*Conclusion@#The molecular probe based on the principle of strand displacement and optimized by secondary structure can significantly increase the sensitivity and specificity of the probe for microRNA detection.(Chin J Lab Med, 2018, 41: 541-546)

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-620782

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the role of TRPV5 and TRPV6 in intracellular calcium regulation and biological behaviors of SW480 colon cancer cells. Methods:qRT-PCR, Western blot, and immunocytochemistry were applied to determine the mRNA and protein ex-pression levels of TRPV5 and TRPV6 in SW480 colon cancer cell line upon treatment with TRPV5 and TRPV6 agonist, 1-25(OH)2D3, and inhibitor, CuCl2. The change of intracellular Ca2+level was examined with a confocal laser scanning microscope. Scratch test, MTT, and TUNEL assays were used to analyze the cell migration, proliferation, and apoptosis, respectively. Results:As an agonist of TRPV5 and TRPV6, 1-25(OH)2D3 significantly up-regulated the mRNA and protein expression levels of TRPV5 and TRPV6 in SW480 cell lines. On the other hand, CuCl2, being an inhibitor of TRPV5 and TRPV6, effectively down-regulated the TRPV5 and TRPV6 mRNA and protein expres-sion levels (P<0.05). The intracellular calcium concentration in SW480 cell line significantly increased upon treatment with 1-25 (OH)2D3, and significantly decreased with CuCl2 treatment (P<0.05). 1-25(OH)2D3 promoted cell proliferation and migration, and inhibit-ed apoptosis of SW480 cell in a time-and dose-dependent manner (P<0.05). However, CuCl2 significantly repressed cell proliferation and migration and induced apoptosis (P<0.05). Conclusion: TRPV5 and TRPV6 can affect the biological behaviors of colon cancer SW480 cells by regulating intracellular Ca2+level.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-495110

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze risk factors and complication characteristics of healthcare-associated infection (HAI)in patients with lung cancer,and provide evidence for the formulation of HAI management strategy. Methods HAI-related articles were retrieved from China Biology Medicine (CBM),China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI),Wanfang database,Vip database,PubMed,and Embase,all data were conducted Meta-analysis.Results A total of 19 articles involving 8 069 hospitalized patients with lung cancer (1 280 had HAI)were included.Meta-analysis on combined values of medical factors for HAI were as follows:OR(95%CI )of anti-tumor therapy(radiotherapy and chemotherapy),number of chemotherapy (≥ 2 times ),antimicrobial prophylaxis, immunosuppressant therapy,and invasive operation were 3.13 (1 .82,5.39),9.20 (3.04,27.87),3.23 (1 .77, 5.91),2.00(1 .56,2.57),and 2.28(1 .81 ,2.88),respectively;Meta-analysis on combined values of complication factors for HAI were as follows:OR (95% CI )of pulmonary diseases,chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD),diabetes,renal dysfunction,malnutrition,hypoalbuminemia,neutropenia,and leukopenia were 2.65 (1 .74,4.02),2.40 (1 .76,3.27),2.25 (1 .85,2.73 ),2.56 (1 .18,5.52),5.51 (1 .70,17.89),2.05 (1 .56, 2.70),3.38(1 .40,8.18),and 2.10 (1 .22,3.62),respectively.Conclusion HAI-related factors of medical treat-ment and complications in patients with lung cancer are diversity,risk factors for HAI in patients with lung cancer are anti-tumor therapy,immunosuppressant therapy,antimicrobial prophylaxis,invasive operation,pulmonary dis-eases,COPD,diabetes,renal dysfunction,malnutrition,hypoalbuminemia,neutropenia,and leucopenia.

9.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 236-240, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-328979

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the accuracy and direct medical cost of different screening modalities of physical examination (PE), mammography (MAM), and high-frequency ultrasonography (US) for breast cancer among Chinese women.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>This study was designed as a blindly carried outcom parative parallel screening trial for breast cancer among Chinese women aged 35 years or older. Physical examination was conducted with the subjects in the first round of breast cancer screening. The negative cases were followed up approximately 1 year later and moved into the second round of screening. Using the results of biopsies and 1-year follow-up as the gold standards, the accuracy and cost indexes of different screening modalities were calculated. Data were analyzed by McNemar test.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>A total of 2 471 eligible women were included in this trial, and 14 breast cancers were identified among them. Mammography enabled to detect 11 cancers, high-frequency ultrasonography detected 9 cancers and physical examination detected 8 cancers. Considering the three modalities separately, MAM identified the fewest suspicious cases (52 cases) and detected the most cancers (11 cases). Using US alone at the first stage, followed by MAM when indicated, offered the highest specificity (99.7%)and correct positive predictive value (11.4%), meanwhile the sensitivity was 78.6%, and the mean costs of the screening modality in urban and rural areas were 291, 210 yuan and 886,050 yuan per cancer case detected.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The strategy of screening with US alone at the first stage, followed by MAM when indicated, may be the most suitable modality of breast cancer detection in most regions of China, but the cost is still too high to develop the breast cancer screening in some low incidence regions with limited health resources.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Breast Neoplasms , Diagnosis , Economics , China , Early Detection of Cancer , Economics , Methods , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Mammography , Economics , Middle Aged , Physical Examination , Economics , Sensitivity and Specificity , Ultrasonography, Mammary , Economics
10.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 833-836, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-380253

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare and observe the effect and side effect of two different kinds of simulation mode for nasopharyngeal carcinoma conventional radiotherapy. Methods 147 cases were randomly divided into the study group (74 cases, CT simulation) and the control group (73 cases, X-ray radiography simulation). In the study group three-dimensional treatment planning system (IPS) was used to draw target volume and organ at risk, and then beam eye view (BEV) function was utilized to design treatment plan and subsequent plan modulation. In the control group X-ray simulation radiography was used. Two groups of plan design and subsequent plan modulation mode were exactly the same, and the radiotherapy were performed on the same accelerator. Results For these two groups, there were 5-59 months follow-up. The recent therapeutic effect of nasopharyngeal carcinoma primary site and cervical lymph node metastasis was regular,and no statistical significance (P >0.05). For the study group 3-year local recurrence rate was 5.4 % (4/74) while the control group was 16.4 %(12/73), and there was obvious statistical significance between two groups. About one year and three year accumulated survival rate, the study group was 98.5 %, 77.4 %, and for the control group was 92.9 %, 64.7 %. Two groups survival curves were examined by Log-rank test: the survival curves showed statistical significance between two groups(P <0.05). In control group, stage II and III radiotheray reaction of oralis mucosa was significantly increased compared with that of the study group (P < 0.05). There were two cases radioactivity cerebral palsy and one case optic nerve damage in the control group, but no serious dermatosis, soft tissue fibrosis and radioactivity posterior cranial nerve damage. Conclusion The CT simulation which is applied to nasopharyngeal carcinoma conventional radiotheraphy could improve therapeutic effect and reduce cancer recurrence and radiation side effect.

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