Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 12 de 12
Filter
1.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 216-221, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991608

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the prevention and treatment of Kaschin-Beck disease in Fu County, Shaanxi Province, so as to provide basis for consolidating the results of Kaschin-Beck disease prevention and control and the treatment of patients with Kaschin-Beck disease.Methods:The epidemiological investigation of data and clinical data Kaschin-Beck disease from 1954 to 2022 were collected from the Fu County Institute for Endemic Disease Prevention and Control and People's Hospital of Fu County in Shaanxi Province, respectively. The retrospective study was used to investigate the prevention and control of Kaschin-Beck disease in Fu County through the adoption of comprehensive measures such as relocation, grain exchange, water improvement, conversion of farmland to forest and so on.Results:In 1954, there were 6 endemic townships and 127 endemic villages of Kaschin-Beck disease in Fu County, with a total population of 78 781. A total of 16 327 patients with Kaschin-Beck disease were detected by X-ray examination, with a detection rate of 20.72%, including 5 434 patients without clinical symptoms. There were 5 850 patients with clinical grade Ⅰ, 3 725 patients with clinical grade Ⅱ and 1 318 patients with clinical grade Ⅲ. In 1975, the first general survey of Kaschin-Beck disease was conducted in the whole county, with a total population of 101 341. A total of 9 575 patients with Kaschin-Beck disease were detected by X-ray examination, with a detection rate of 9.45%, including 3 247 cases without clinical symptoms. Among the patients with symptoms, there were 3 704 cases of clinical grade Ⅰ, 2 006 cases of clinical grade Ⅱ and 618 cases of clinical grade Ⅲ. The patients with Kaschin-Beck disease were mainly local residents, accounting for 93.92% (8 993/9 575). In 1997, 27 320 students aged 7 to 16 years in 342 schools of 15 townships were examined and found that there were 169 cases without clinical symptoms with X-ray changes, only 2 cases with clinical grade Ⅰ, and the detection rate decreased to 0.63%. In 1997, Fu County began to encourage relocation and grain exchange to prevent Kaschin-Beck disease. The relocation targets were mainly the seriously ill villages with new cases among children and poor living conditions. By 1999, a total of 100 households and 469 people were relocated, and by 2020, 1 569 households and 5 334 people were relocated. In 1997 and 1998, measures were taken to improve water quality in 43 natural villages in 6 townships, with 1 591 households and 7 375 people benefiting. In 2010, a general survey of Kaschin-Beck disease was conducted in 15 townships of Fu County, with a total population of 135 858, and 3 424 patients with Kaschin-Beck disease were detected by X-ray examination, with a detection rate of 2.52%. There were 2 885 cases with clinical symptoms, including 1 584 cases with clinical grade Ⅰ, 1 024 cases with clinical grade Ⅱ and 277 cases with clinical grade Ⅲ. Among them, 32 561 minors under 16 years old were examined, and 49 patients with Kaschin-Beck disease were detected by X-ray examination, with a detection rate of 0.15%, and all of them were clinical gradeⅠ patients. In 2014, a total of 73 600 people were surveyed in 170 endemic villages of Fu county, and 2 885 patients with Kaschin-Beck disease were detected by X-ray examination, with a detection rate of 3.92%. Compared with 2010, the number of patients with Kaschin-Beck disease increased zero, and there were no underage patients under the age of 16 for 4 consecutive years. By the end of 2016, 666.67 hm 2 of farmland had been converted to forest in Fu County, involving 9 townships (including communities), 33 administrative villages and 1 993 households. In 2018, another general survey of Kaschin-Beck disease was conducted in Fu County, with a total population of 157 362. A total of 2 308 patients were detected by X-ray examination, with a detection rate of 1.47%. Among them, there were 1 270 cases of clinical grade Ⅰ, 870 cases of clinical grade Ⅱ and 168 cases of clinical grade Ⅲ, and there were no patients with Kaschin-Beck disease under 16 years old in the county for 8 consecutive years (2011-2018). In the same year, 22 cases of Kaschin-Beck disease joint replacement were completed in Fu County, and by January 2022, about 60 cases had completed joint replacement. Conclusion:The prevention and control of Kaschin-Beck disease in Fu County has achieved remarkable results through comprehensive measures such as relocation, grain exchange, water improvement and conversion of farmland to forest.

2.
Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine ; (6): 629-642, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927110

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Intra-articular injection is a classic strategy for the treatment of early osteoarthritis (OA). However, the local delivery of traditional therapeutic agents has limited benefits for alleviating OA. Exosomes, an important type of extracellular nanovesicle, show great potential for suppressing cartilage destruction in OA to replace drugs and stem cellbased administration. @*METHODS@#In this study, we developed a thermosensitive, injectable hydrogel by in situ crosslinking of Pluronic F-127 and hyaluronic acid, which can be used as a slow-release carrier to durably retain primary chondrocyte-derived exosomes at damaged cartilage sites to effectively magnify their reparative effect. @*RESULTS@#It was found that the hydrogel can sustainedly release exosomes, positively regulate chondrocytes on the proliferation, migration and differentiation, as well as efficiently induce polarization of M1 to M2 macrophages. Intraarticular injection of this exosomes-incorporated hydrogel significantly prevented cartilage destruction by promoting cartilage matrix formation. This strategy also displayed a regenerative immune phenotype characterized by a higher infiltration of CD163+ regenerative M2 macrophages over CD86+ M1 macrophages in synovial and chondral tissue, with a concomitant reduction in pro-inflammatory cytokines (TNF-a, IL-1b, and IL-6) and increase in anti-inflammatory cytokine (IL-10) in synovial fluid. @*CONCLUSION@#Our results demonstrated that local sustained-release primary chondrocyte-derived exosomes may relieve OA by promoting the phenotypic transformation of macrophages from M1 to M2, which suggesting a great potential for the application in OA.

3.
Journal of Central South University(Medical Sciences) ; (12): 272-277, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880655

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To explore the risk factors for femoral neck fracture in elderly population.@*METHODS@#A total of 124 elderly patients (≥60 years old) in hospital for trauma were enrolled, including 71 patients (57%) with femoral neck fracture and 53 non-femoral neck fracture patients (43%). All patients' age, gender, body mass index (BMI), bone mineral density (BMD), thigh length and average circumference were collected. Single factor analysis and multivariate logistic regression analysis were performed to explore whether the above factors were risk factors for femoral neck fracture.@*RESULTS@#Single factor analysis showed that the age, gender, BMI, BMD, thigh length, and average thigh circumference between the 2 groups were statistically different (all @*CONCLUSIONS@#Older age, female, lower BMI index (low body weight), lower BMD (osteoporosis), longer thigh length, and lower average circumference are risk factors for femoral neck fracture in the elderly population.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Absorptiometry, Photon , Body Mass Index , Bone Density , Femoral Neck Fractures/etiology , Osteoporosis , Risk Factors
4.
The Journal of Practical Medicine ; (24): 707-711, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-697679

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of amentoflavone(AMF)on inhibiting wear debris-in-duced osteolysis in vivo and RANKL-induced osteoclastogenesis in vitro. Methods Twenty-four male C57BL/J6 mice were randomly divided into four groups:the control group,titanium group,the low and high concentration group.Micro-CT and histological analysis were performed.CCK-8 assay was used to determin the effect of AMF on the proliferation of BMMs.TRAP staining and bone resorption assays were used to investigate the effect of AMF on osteoclastogenesis and function. The effect of AMF on prevention MAPK signaling was detected by Western blot assay. Results AMF could prevent osteolysis in vivo and suppress osteoclastogenesis,bone resorption without cytotoxicity in vitro.AMF suppressed MAPK signaling pathways.Conclusion AMF could inhibit osteoclastogenesis and titanium debris-induced osteolysis through suppressing MAPK signaling.

5.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma ; (12): 1026-1030, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-734181

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the efficacy of bone marrow fenestration technique used for ro-tator cuff repair at the foot-print zone of rotator cuff under arthroscopy. Methods A total of 30 patients with full-thickness rotator cuff tear ( from 3 cm to 5 cm) were enrolled for this retrospective study who had been treated at Department of Orthopaedics, The People's Hospital of North Jiangsu from January 2015 to December 2016. Of them, 15 were treated under arthroscopy with simple suture bridge technique ( SB group ) and the other 15 under arthroscopy with bone marrow fenestration and suture bridge techniques ( BMSB group ) . The 2 groups were compared in terms of visual analogue scale ( VAS ) , American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons ( ASES ) scale, Constant scores,range of motion of the affected shoulder and rate of retear after surgery. Results All the patients received follow-up for 11 to 14 months. Significant improvements were achieved in both groups in VAS scores at 3 months ( 1.9 ± 0.6 and 0.9 ± 0.6 ) , ASES scores ( 90.7 ± 3.6 and 92.3 ± 4.2 ) and Constant scores ( 88.9 ± 2.5 and 87.4 ± 3.4 ) at the last follow-up, compared with the preoperative values ( 4.7 ± 1.1 and 4.3 ± 1.5, 58.2 ± 7.2 and 55.6 ± 4.4, and 57.3 ± 6.7 and 55.9 ± 10.3, respectively) ( P <0.05), but there were no significant differences between the 2 groups in ASES scores, Constant scores or range of motion of the affected shoulder at the last follow-up ( P> 0.05). The VAS scores at 3 months for the BMSB group (0.9 ± 0.6) were significantly lower than that for the SB group (1.9 ± 0.6) ( P <0.05). There was no significant difference either between the 2 groups in the retear rate [ 20.0% ( 3/15 ) for SB group versus 26.7% ( 4/15 ) for BMSB group ] ( P > 0.05 ) . Conclusion Application of bone marrow fenestration technique in addition to suture bridge technique can obviously relieve pain after rotator cuff repair, though it shows no advantage in functional recovery of the shoulder joint.

6.
The Journal of Practical Medicine ; (24): 876-879, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-513096

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the mechanism of the role of mitomycin C(MMC)in regulating miR-200b expression and inducing fibroblasts apoptosis. Methods Fibroblasts cultured in vitro were treated with different concentrations of MMC for 5 min and continue culture for 24 h. The expression of miR-200b were analyzed by Real-time PCR. Cell apoptosis were observed using TUNEL staining. The expression of cleaved-PARP,Bax and Bcl-2 were detected by Western blot. The methylation level of miR-200b promoter were measured by BSP. Results After treated with MMC,The expression of miR-200b significantly downregulated.TUNEL Staining analysis demonstrated MMC could significantly induce human fibroblasts apoptosis. Western blot results showed cleaved-PARP,Bax increased and Bcl-2 decreased.The methylation ratio of miR-200b promotor increased and has a significant dose dependent. Conclusion MMC induced human fibroblasts apoptosis by promoting miR-200b promoter methylation.

7.
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53): 3615-3620, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-494141

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:The pathogenesis of knee intraarticular adhesion is yet unknown. Excessive proliferation of fibroblasts is considered to cause knee intraarticular adhesion. OBJECTIVE:To study the preventive effects of methotrexate on knee intraarticular adhesion through fibroblast apoptosis induced by endoplasmic reticulum stress. METHODS:The viability of the cultured fibroblasts treated with methotrexate(10-5-10-9mol/L)or PBSwas determined after 24 hours. Fibroblast apoptosis was detected by Hoechst33342 staining. Endoplasmic reticulum stress-and apoptosis-related proteins, including cleaved-PARP, CHOP, Bax and Bcl-2, were determined by western blotassay. Eighteen healthy male New Zealand white rabbits were used to establish the knee intraarticular adhesion models, and equaly randomized into three groups, and received topical application of 2 or 1 g/L methotrexate, or normal saline (control). The preventive effects of methotrexate on knee intraarticular adhesion and CHOP expression in scar tissue were observed. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:Methotrexate inhibited the proliferation and viability of fibroblasts in a dose-dependent manner. The number of apoptotic fibroblasts was significantly increased compared with control group. Protein expression of cleaved-PARP, CHOP, and bax was increased, while protein expression of bcl-2 was decreased with time. The animal experiment showed that preventive effects of 2 g/L methotrexate on knee intraarticular adhesion were superior to 1 g/L methotrexate treatment. CHOP expression in the scar tissue in the methotrexate groups was higher than the control group and that was higher in high-dose methotrexate group. Our results suggest that methotrexate prevents knee intraarticular adhesionviaendoplasmic reticulum stress-induced fibroblast apoptosis.

8.
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53): 6432-6437, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-454558

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:Differences of knee anthropometry between individuals are significant, while preoperative templating is not accurate in predicting the prosthesis size. OBJECTIVE:To improve the accuracy of pre-operative plan in predicting the prosthesis size in total knee arthroplasty using digital technologies. METHODBetween January 2013 and May 2004, 50 patients (20 men and 30 women;aged 54-82 years;mean age, 67.8 years) received primary total knee arthroplasty for osteoarthritis and were retrospectively analyzed. According to the treatment, the patients were divided into two groups. The digital group, a series of 21 patients, underwent 64-row MDCT before total knee replacement. CT images were imported into Mimics, and three-dimensional models of femur and tibia were reconstructed. Then, computer-aided design files of different sizes of prostheses provided by the manufacturers were imported into Mimics, too. Surgical simulation of osteotomy and prostheses implantation were performed in Mimics, component size was determined by the contour of distal femur and proximal tibia. The control group, a series of 29 patients, underwent primary total knee arthroplasty using conventional approaches. The agreement between preoperative plan and the actual prosthesis size was assessed during the surgery. Postoperative X-ray of low limb was taken to evaluate the accuracy of sizing and the efficacy of digital technologies was assessed. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:The intraoperative and postoperative evaluation showed inaccurate sizing of femoral and tibial components in 1 case in digital group and in 11 cases in conventional group. The accuracy of prediction was 95%in digital group and 62%in conventional group, with significant differences between the two groups (P<0.05). Four overhanging and two notching cases were observed in conventional group, but none in digital group. The digital technologies provide an effective means for accurate prediction of prosthesis size and personalized surgical simulation.

9.
Chinese Journal of General Practitioners ; (6): 1022-1025, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-468951

ABSTRACT

The clinical characteristics and radiological data of 6 cases of sacral agenesis in one single family were analyzed and a literature review was performed.On magnetic resonance imaging (MRI),all of them presented with a partial absence of sacral vertebra,including associations with lumbar abnormalities (n =2) and sacral agenesis (n =2).One case presented with fourth/fifth lumbar vertebra bone fusion and fifth lumbar/first sacral vertebra bone fusion.On radiology,4 cases had concurrent scoliosis.None of them had tethered cord,diastematomyelia or meningocele.The understanding of sacral agenesis may be improved after reviewing and summarizing clinical features and radiological findings.

12.
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53): 8654-8659, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-440527

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:L-type calcium channels, as a kind of voltage-dependent calcium channel, is the main way of extracellular calcium ions into the cell, and play an important role in maintaining cellmorphology and physiological activities, characterized by a large single-channel conductance, slow channel attenuation, and longer duration of channel opening. Previous studies showed that basic fibroblast growth factor can promote the proliferation of chondrocytes cultured in vitro. OBJECTIVE:To explore the effect of the L-type calcium channels on regulating chondrocyte proliferation and differentiation in response to basic fibroblast growth factor with patch-clamp. METHODS:The chondrocytes were harvested from the joints of 3-day-old New Zealand rabbits. The second passage of chondrocytes was divided into experimental group and control group. Chondrocytes were incubated in media containing 10μg/L basic fibroblast growth factor and media alone separately. The opening of L-type calcium channels under the action of basic fibroblast growth factor was detected by patch-clamp. The intracellular calcium concentration was detected with laser confocal microscopy in the chondrocytes after 2 weeks of culture with basic fibroblast growth factor. Chondrocyte proliferation was analyzed by cellTiter kit after 8 days of culture. Type Ⅱ col agen was assessed quantitatively by immunohistochemistrical staining after 10 days of culture. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:Basic fibroblast growth factor has an inhibitory effect on the opening of the L-type calcium channels, resulting in a decrease in intracellular free calcium concentration (P<0.01). cellnumber was higher after culture with basic fibroblast growth factor than that cultured under conventional condition (P<0.01), and staining area of type II col agen significantly increased (P<0.05). Results verified that basic fibroblast growth factor can maintain intracellular Ca2+concentration at a low level by inhibiting the opening of L-type calcium channels, which can promote the proliferation and differentiation of chondrocytes.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL