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1.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 97-106, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992577

ABSTRACT

During coronavirus disease 2019 epidemic, the treatment of severe trauma has been impacted. The Consensus on emergency surgery and infection prevention and control for severe trauma patients with 2019 novel corona virus pneumonia was published online on February 12, 2020, providing a strong guidance for the emergency treatment of severe trauma and the self-protection of medical staffs in the early stage of the epidemic. With the Joint Prevention and Control Mechanism of the State Council renaming "novel coronavirus pneumonia" to "novel coronavirus infection" and the infection being managed with measures against class B infectious diseases since January 8, 2023, the consensus published in 2020 is no longer applicable to the emergency treatment of severe trauma in the new stage of epidemic prevention and control. In this context, led by the Chinese Traumatology Association, Chinese Trauma Surgeon Association, Trauma Medicine Branch of Chinese International Exchange and Promotive Association for Medical and Health Care, and Editorial Board of Chinese Journal of Traumatology, the Chinese expert consensus on emergency surgery for severe trauma and infection prevention during coronavirus disease 2019 epidemic ( version 2023) is formulated to ensure the effectiveness and safety in the treatment of severe trauma in the new stage. Based on the policy of the Joint Prevention and Control Mechanism of the State Council and by using evidence-based medical evidence as well as Delphi expert consultation and voting, 16 recommendations are put forward from the four aspects of the related definitions, infection prevention, preoperative assessment and preparation, emergency operation and postoperative management, hoping to provide a reference for severe trauma care in the new stage of the epidemic prevention and control.

2.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 129-135, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909843

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical effect of open reduction and internal fixation for the treatment of double-column acetabular fractures by lateral rectus abdominis approach.Methods:A retrospective case series study was conducted to analyze the data of 44 patients with double-column acetabular fractures admitted to Shandong Provincial Hospital Affiliated to Shandong First Medical University from June 2015 to June 2019. There were 29 males and 15 females, with the age of 21-72 years [(41.3±8.4)years]. All patients were treated by open reduction and internal fixation through a single lateral rectus abdominis approach. Operation time, intraoperative blood loss and fracture healing time were recorded. The quality of fracture reduction was assessed according to the Matta reduction criteria, and hip function by the modified Merle D'Aubigne and Postel score at last follow-up. Postoperative complications were observed.Results:A total of 40 patients were followed up and 4 patients were lost to follow-up. The follow-up time was 12-46 months [(30.5±6.4)months]. The operation time ranged from 45 to 150 minutes[(111.2±20.6)minutes], and the intraoperative blood loss was 200-1 200 ml [(398.5±78.5)ml]. The fractures were healed, with the healing time of 10 to 16 weeks [(11.8±3.3)weeks]. At last follow-up, according to the Matta criteria, the results were excellent in 29 patients, good in 7, fair in 3, poor in 1, with the excellent and good rate of 90%. At last follow-up, according to the Merle D'Aubigne and Postel score, the results were excellent in 27 patients, good in 6, fair in 6, poor in 1, with the excellent and good rate of 83%. One patient had heterotopic ossification with no impact on hip function, and no special treatment was given. One patient with the reaction of foreign body was finally controlled by anti-infection treatment, and the internal fixation was removed again one year after operation. Three patients with mild osteoarthritis were relieved by oral anti-inflammatory and analgesic drugs. Two patients with deep venous thrombosis of lower extremities were cured by anti-coagulation therapy such as low molecular weight heparin.Conclusions:The single rectus abdominis approach for open reduction and internal fixation of double-column acetabular fractures can take into account the anterior column, quadrilateral body and posterior column. Meanwhile, this approach has advantages of satisfactory acetabular reduction and functional recovery, and less postoperative complications, suggesting an alternative procedure for treatment of double-column acetabular fractures.

3.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 284-290, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-745398

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the incidence and clinical significance of corona mortis vessels.Methods From December 2015 to December 2017,48 patients with pelvic acetabular fractures were treated with the Stoppa approach,including 36 males and 12 females,aged 30 to 67 years,with an average age of 47.2±8.2 years.There were 52 sides of hemipelvis in the all including 44 cases of unilateral pelvic acetabular fractures and 4 cases of bilateral pelvic acetabular fractures.In the 48 patients,there were 6 pelvic fractures,40 acetabular fractures and 2 pelvic combined with acetabular fractures.According to Judet-Letournel classification:there were 6 cases of anterior column fracture,4 cases of anterior column with anterior wall fracture,2 cases of anterior column with posterior transverse fracture,4 cases of transverse fracture,6 cases of "T" shape fracture and 20 cases of double column fracture.According to Tile classification,there were 2 cases of B1 type,2 cases of B3 type,2 cases of C1 type,and 2 cases of C2 type.The time from injury to surgery was 5 to 16 days,with an average of 8.3±2.8 days.All patients were treated with the Stoppa approach for reduction and fixation.The incidence,number and type of corona mortis vessels across the superior pubic branch,and the diameter and the distance between the vessels and the pubic symphysiswere detected and recorded.Results In the 52 hemi pelvis,there were 46 sides with an anastomotic blood vessel,and no anastomotic blood vessel was found in 6 sides,with the incidence of corona mortis vessels of 88.5% (46/52).Among them,36 cases were venous type,with the incidence of 78.3% (36/46);8 cases were arterial type,with the incidence of 17.4% (8/46);2 cases were mixed type,with the incidence of 4.3%(2/46);corona mortis venous blood vessel diameter was 1.8-3.7 mm,with an average of 2.9±0.5 mm;arterial blood vessel diameter was 2.4-3.0 mm,with an average of 2.7±0.3 mm;the distance between the vessels and the pubic symphysis was 48-71 mm,with an average of 56.9±5.8 mm.Conclusion The corona mortis vessels are common,with the incidence through Stoppa approach about 88.5%.In the clinical treatment of pelvic acetabular fractures,we should pay attention to careful separation of pubic branches exposed by the Stoppa approach,especially when using ilioinguinal approach to avoid corona mortis vessels injury and haemorrhage.

4.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma ; (12): 969-974, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-707594

ABSTRACT

Objective To report the effects of surgical treatment of old die-punch fractures of the distal radius.Methods A retrospective study of case series was made of the 21 old die-punch fractures of the distal radius which had been surgically treated from January 2012 to January 2017 at Department of Orthopaedics,Shandong Provincial Hospital.There were 13 males and 8 females,aged from 34 to 63 years (average,46.9 years).According to the preoperative definite diagnoses by the X-ray and CT images,there were 14 metacarpal compression fractures and 7 dorsal compression fractures.The palmar approach was used in 13 cases,the dorsal approach in 7 and the combined approach in one.Autogenous iliac bone grafting was performed for all the cases.Their preoperative and postoperative Cooney scoring and visual analogue scale (VAS) of the wrist,and postoperative complications as well,were observed and recorded.Results This cohort was followed up for 8 to 14 months (average,9.2 months).All their postoperative wounds healed by the first intention.Their Cooney functional scores of the wrist were,respectively,58.5 ± 4.2 and 84.0 ± 3.1 points preoperatively and at the final follow-up,and their corresponding VAS scores 7.6 ± 0.9 and 3.4 ± 1.3 points,showing significant differences between preoperation and the final follow-up (P < 0.05).Carpal arthritis was observed in one case.Conclusion For old die-punch fractures of the distal radius,surgical treatment can obviously reduce pain,improve function of the wrist and enhance the quality of life of the patients.

5.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 40-45, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-707269

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical outcomes of extraperitoneal pelvic packing combined with temporary occlusion of abdominal aorta in treatment of pelvic fractures with hemodynamic instability.Methods A retrospective case series study was made on 14 patients with pelvic fractures with hemodynamic instability managed by extraperitoneal pelvic packing plus temporary occlusion of abdominal aorta between December 2006 and December 2013.There were ten males and four females,with mean age of 38.2 years old (range,18-63 years).The fractures were classified according to the Tile classification,including two patients with type B1,two with type B2.2,one with type C1.1,two with type C1.2,two with type C1.3,three with type C2,and two with type C3.In addition,10 patients were with closed pelvic fractures and four with open pelvic fractures.All patients were diagnosed as hypovolemic shock once they were admitted.Every patient was given anti-shock treatment,temporary occlusion of abdominal aorta,and extraperitoneal pelvic packing instantly,in order to control hemorrhage of pelvic fracture after they were admitted.The operation time,red blood cell transfusion volume,preoperative and postoperative blood pressures,heart rates as well as other relevant parameters concerning death and survival were recorded and compared.Postoperative infection and wound healing status were recorded as well.Results The operation time was 50-70 minutes (mean,61 minutes).After surgery,the length of ICU stay was (10.9 ± 9.8) days and hospital stay was (23.1 ± 14.9) days.Red blood cell transfusion volume before and after surgery was (17.7 ± 2.2)U and (8.4± 1.7)U,respectively (P < 0.05).The parameters of systolic pressures varied from preoperative (63.6 ± 2.1) mmHg to postoperative (90.9 ± 1.1) mmHg,and the parameters of heart rates declined from preoperative (106.2 ± 5.9) beats/min to postoperative (94.0 ± 6.2) beats/min,(P < 0.05).Ten patients were available for follow-up of 8-24 months (mean,11.5 months).There were four deaths (29%) postoperatively,among which three were died from multisystem and organ failure,and one from severe brain injury.There were statistically significant differences between the survivors and the deaths in terms of time from injury to operation,average systolic pressures,and average heart rates (P < 0.05).None had complications and wound was well healed.Conclusion For pelvic fractures with hemodynamic instability,extraperitoneal pelvic packing plus temporary occlusion of abdominal aorta has advantages of short manipulation time and effective outcomes,which can control the hemorrhage of pelvic fracture and ameliorate the hemodynamic status.

6.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 2749-2752, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-733411

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the degree of pain, dysfunction and recovery of patients with systemic fractures treated by screw fixation. Methods The clinical data of 96 patients with pelvic fractures who had been diagnosed and treated in the Hospital between January 2017 and January 2018 were analyzed. All cases were treated by screw fixation, and according to the random number table, these patients were divided into two groups: the 48 patients given routine nursing were taken as the control group, whereas the other 48 given systematic nursing were included in the study group. The pain intensity, dysfunction and recovery of patients in the two groups were compared. Results The proportions of patients with severe pain and moderate pain were respectively 0 and 18.75% (9/48) in the study group, both lower than the control group, which were respectively 27.08% (13/48) and 41.67% (20/48) ( χ2=15.036 1, 5.978 4,P<0.05), and the proportions of patients with mild pain and without pain were 52.08% (25/48) and 29.17% (14/48) in the study group, both higher than the control group, which were respectively 31.25% (15/48) and 0 (χ2=4.285 7, 16.390 2, P<0.05). The total Oswestry Dability Index (ODI) score was (20.30±2.22) points, lower than that in the control group, which was (40.42±2.40) and the time for fracture healing, time for lying in bed and length of hospital stay in the study group were (57.20± 11.11) d and (4.30±1.20)d both shown to be shorter than the control group (69.70±13.60) d, (8.41±1.39) d (t=42.637 6, 4.931 5, 15.506 4,P<0.05). The incidence of complications in the study group was 4.17% (2/48), lower than 20.83% (10/48) in the control group ( χ2=6.095 2,P<0.05). Conclusion For patients with pelvic fractures treated by screw fixation, systematic nursing can relieve their pains, reduce dysfunction and boost their recovery, and yet incur fewer complications.

7.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 269-275, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-512000

ABSTRACT

Objective To conclude partial traumatic hemipelvectomy score and assess its value in partial traumatic hemipelvectomy treatment.Methods Data of the managements of 14 partial traumatic hemipelvectomy patients between January 2003 and December 2015 were retrospectively analyzed.10 of these patients were males and 4 females,with an average age of 31 (range,21-55).11 patients were brought directly to the hospital emergency department,and 3 patients were transferred from other hospitals.According to Tile classification system,all pelvic fractures were type C fracture:nine with type C 1,three with type C2 and two with type C3.Partial traumatic hemipelvectomy score was concluded according to soft tissue injury severity,the distance between hemi-pelvic and body axis,injury degree of iliac vessel and nerve.All these factors were further classified into four grades (range,1-4) on the basis of injury severity.Based on clinic outcomes and our experiences,hemipelvectomy should be performed at the early stage when patients had scores more than 12;if the score was between 8 and 12,reassessment should be done according to practical situation and hemipelvectomy was recommended;if the score was between 4 and 8,limb salvage was strongly recommended;if the score was below 4,limb salvage should be done.Results All 14 patients were assessed by partial traumatic hemipelvectomy.The average score was 11 (range,9-14).12 of them were scored at the range of 9-12.2 of them had scores more than 12.3 patients died during the initial resuscitation stage.7 patients underwent completion of the hindquarter amputation after control of hemorrhage and all the patients were successfully survived.Limb preservation was attempted in 4 patients:3 of them died eventually because of infection.1 patient underwent hip disarticulation in emergency operation,but this patient eventually required hindquarter amputation for severe infection.Conclusion Partial traumatic hemipelvectomy score could be a rapid and accurate tool in initial assessment of partial traumatic hemipelvectomy.After the control of hemorrhage,early hemipelvectomy could lower the death rate of this kind of patients.

8.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma ; (12): 1022-1027, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-505400

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the clinical results of minimally invasive surgery for open tibial plateau fractures using minimally open reduction and Hybrid external fixation.Methods From January 2011 through January 2015,9 complicated open tibial plateau fractures were treated with Hybrid external fixation.They were 6 males and 3 females,with an average age of 33.8 years (range,from 18 to 53 years).According to the Schatzker classification,there were 5 cases of type Ⅴ and 4 ones of type Ⅵ.According to the Gustilo classification,there were 5 cases of type Ⅱ,3 ones of type Ⅲ A and one of type Ⅲ B.All the patients were treated with Hybrid external fixation with or without minimally open reduction.Results The average operation time was 185.6 minutes (from 140 to 240 minutes).The average time for hospital stay was 18.4 days (from 10 to 45 days).The patients were followed up for an average of 15.6 months (from 6 to 36 months).All the 9 fractures got united after an average time of 4.3 months (from 3 to 7 months).The external fixation was removed after confirmation of fracture union.According to Merchant scores,the clinical results were evaluated as excellent in 4 cases,as good in 3,as fair in one and as poor in one.The knee joint was stable in each case.Pin tract infection was observed in one and wire loosening in one.Conclusion Hybrid external fixation with or without minimally open reduction is a safe and feasible surgical method which avoids massive soft tissue dissection for complicated open tibial plateau fractures.

9.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma ; (12): 306-311, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-489223

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate 3D printing used in the treatment of complex acetabular fractures.Methods Between January 2009 and December 2013,121 patients with complex acetabular fracture were treated at our department.3D printing was used in surgical planning in 53 of them,including 36 males and 17 females with an average age of 41.2 ± 10.4 years (3D group).The other 68 patients received conventional surgery without use of 3D printing,including 42 males and 26 females with an average age of 42.6 ± 8.9 years (conventional group).By the Judet-Letournel classification system,there were respectively 7 and 9 T-type fractures,4 and 6 posterior column with posterior wall fractures,21 and 28 transverse and posterior wall fractures,5 and 6 anterior with the second half transverse fractures,and 16 and 19 double column fractures.Surgical time,blood loss,transfusion,fluoroscopy times and complications were recorded in the 2 groups.At the final follow-ups,the clinical results were assessed by Merle D'Aubigné & Postel scoring and the radiographic results were assessed by Matta records.The 2 groups were similar in preoperative demographic data (P > 0.05).Results In the 3D and conventional groups,respectively,surgical time was 3.5 ±O.9 hours versus 4.5 ± 1.1 hours,blood loss was 1,200.2 ±232.8 mL versus 1,550.4 ±211.6 mL,transfusion was 8.9 ± 3.8 U versus 12.3 ± 2.9 U,and fluoroscopy times were 8.7 ± 2.1 versus 11.9 ± 2.4.The differences between the 2 groups were statistically significant (P < 0.05).The 3D and conventional groups were respectively followed up for 20.3 and 37.8 months on average.All the acetabular fractures healed.The time from surgery to full-weight-bearing walking averaged 3.5 months.Iatrogenic ischiadic nerve injury occurred in 5 and 7 cases and superficial infection in 3 and 5 cases in the 3D and conventional groups,respectively.No iatrogenic vascular injury,nonunion,or implant failure occurred in the 2 groups.By the Merle D' Aubigné & Postel records,the excellent and good rate was 64.2% (34/53) in the 3D group versus 64.7% (44/68) in the conventional group.By the Matta records,the excellent and good rate was 73.6% (39/53) in the 3D group versus 75.0% (51/68) in the conventional group.The differences were not statistically significant (P > 0.05).Conclusion Since 3D printing can contribute to better preoperative plan,it helps to lead to more accurate operation,shorter surgical time,and enhanced perioperative safety.

10.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma ; (12): 126-132, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-489204

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the short and mid-term effects of fixing comminuted posterior acetabular wall fractures with structural autologous iliac bone graft combined with mini screws.Methods From January 2010 to January 2014,29 patients with comminuted posterior acetabular wall fracture were treated by structural autologous iliac bone graf combined with mini screws.They were 21 males and 8 females,with a mean age of 44.2 years (range,from 22 to 58 years).The mean time form injury to operation was 7.8 days (range,from 1 to 25 days).The operations were performed through the Kocher-Langenbeck approach,with the patients in the lying position on the uninjured side.The fragments were reduced and fixed by mini screws and the ischemic ones were removed.Structural autologous iliac bone graft was used to reconstruct the posterior wall of acetabulum before a reconstruction plate was applied to compress and maintain it.The functional outcomes were evaluated by the modified Merle d'Aubigne and Postel clinical grading system at the last follow-ups.The radiographs were graded according to the Matta criteria.Results By the Matta criteria,10 cases achieved excellent reduction,16 good reduction,and 3 poor reduction,giving a good to excellent rate of 89.7%.Of this series,29 patients were followed up for 31.5 months on average (range,from 12 to 48 months).By the modified Merle d'Aubigne and Postel criteria,the functional recovery was rated as excellent in 16 cases,good in 9,fair in 3 and poor in one,giving a good to excellent rate of 86.2%.Two cases developed femoral head necrosis according to the magnetic resonance imaging 18 months postoperation.Three patients developed traumatic arthritis two years postoperation.Five patients developed heterotopic ossification postoperation,with no obvious clinical symptoms.Two patient with injury to the sciatic nerve recovered 4 months postoperation.Conclusions Structural autologous iliac graft combined with mini screws can reconstruct the integrity and stability of the fractured acetabular posterior wall,avoiding osteonecrosis of the acetabulum.This surgical technique is effective and safe in treatment of comminuted fracture of the acetabular posterior wall.

11.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 521-525, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-473694

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical value of gauze packing for haemodynamically unstable pelvic fracture.Methods Between January 2006 and January 2014,gauze packing was used to treat haemodynamically unstable pelvic fracture in 42 patients consisting of 23 males and the 19 females aged 34.2 years (range,18 to 54 years).AO classification of the fracture was type B1 in 9,B2 in 5,B3 in 3,C1 in 13,C2 in 4,and C3 in 8 patients.All the patients were diagnosed with hypovolemic shock upon admission with the systolic pressure of (75.4 ± 4.3) mmHg and heart rate of (126.5 ± 12.4) beats/ min.Injury severity score (ISS) was (38.7 ± 6.2)points.Anti-shock treatment,internal or external fixation of pelvic ring,and gauze packing were performed immediately to control the hemorrhage following pelvic fracture.Results Systolic pressure was (95.2 ± 4.6) mmHg and mean heart rate was declined to (85.4 ± 13.2)beats/min after pelvis volume control and gauze packing,with significant differences compared to these preoperatively (P < 0.05).Red blood cell transfusion before internal or external fixation and gauze packing was (15.0 ± 2.4) units versus (8.3 ± 1.5) units within the first postoperative 24 hours (P < 0.05).Twenty-four out of the 42 patients underwent temporary abdominal aorta occlusion.Six patients died postoperatively with the death rate of 14%.Mean time of removing the packing gauze was (51.4 ± 10.3) hours (range,24-168 hours).Conclusion Anti-shock treatment with concurrent gauze packing and pelvis volume control is effective to arrest the massive hemorrhage in hemodynamically unstable pelvic fracture.

12.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 425-430, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-446709

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the efficiency of the pelvic packing and the angioembolization for controlling pelvic fracture hemorrhoea.Methods Data of 43 consecutive patients with pelvic fracture hemorrhoea who were enrolled in our hospital from April 2004 to April 2012 were retrospectively analyzed.There were 26 patients who had undergone pelvic packing,including 15 men and 11 women with an average age of 41.6 years (packing group).The causes of the fractures included road accident injury (12 cases),falling injury (8 cases) and the bruise injury caused by heavy object (6 cases).According to the Tile classification,there were 16 cases of type B and 10 cases of type C.There were 4 cases with open pelvic fractures and 5 associated with the abdomen trauma.There were 17 patients who had undergone angioembolization,including 10 men and 7 women,with an average age of 39.2 years (angio group).The causes included road accident injury (9 cases),falling injury (5 cases) and the bruise injury caused by heavy object (3 cases).There were 2 cases of type A,11 cases of type B and 4 cases of type C.The ISS,operation time,blood transfusion and the complication were all recorded respectively.Results For the packing group,the average ISS was 52.4± 15.3,and the operation time was 42.0±2.1 min.The blood transfusion was 15.0±4.7 U before the surgery and 6.0±1.6 U in the first 24 h after the surgery.The mean ICU stay was (8.0±3.6)d.And for the angio group,the average ISS was 40.6±12.4,and the operation time was 86.0±3.6 min.The blood transfusion before the surgery was 13.0±5.4 U vs.10.0±2.1 U in the first 24 h after the surgery,and the ICU stay was 11.0± 1.8 d.2 cases in the packing group underwent repacking and 6 cases in the angio group had received second angioembolization.Five cases died in the packing group but no one died of the hemorrhoea while 4 cases died in the angio group with one died of the hemorrhoea.There were 3 cases in the packing group suffering the deep infection while 1 suffered the superficial infection in the angio group.Conclusion The efficiency of the pelvic packing is higher than the angioembolization because of its shorter operation time and ICU stay,more effective blood control,less blood transfusion after surgery,and lower postoperative mortality.It is very suitable for the application at the local hospital and the national conditions nowadays.

13.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 436-440, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-446699

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the clinical characteristics of the floating injury of symphysis pubis and clinical outcome of open reduction and internal fixation.Methods A retrospective study was conducted to analyze the 48 patients who had been treated in our department with open reduction and internal fixation for the floating injury of Symphysis pubis from January 2008 to January 2013.There were 31 males and 17 females,with an average age of 36.5 years (range,20 to 61 years).Thirty-five patients were injured in traffic accidents and 8 were injured by falling injuries,and the other 5 were crushed by maehine.Fortyfive cases were complicated with fractures of the posterior pelvis ring; 14 cases were complicated with acetabular fractures; 17 cases were complicated with extremity fractures; 1 1 cases were complicated with thoracic and abdominal injuries and 6 cases were associated with urogenital system injury.The average period from trauma to operation was 7 days (range,3 to 25 days).Operation was performed under general anesthesia.The bilateral pubic ramus fractures were fixed with reconstruction plate in 41 cases,and 7 cases were fixed with cannulated screw through minimally invasive method.Forty-one cases with posterior ring fractures were fixed simulaneously.Results There were 44 patients being followed up with an average period of 16 months (range,12 to 30 months).All the fractures of the pelvis were clinically healed with an average period of 12.6 weeks (range,10 to 16 weeks).According 图o the Majeed score system,the functional results were exc ellent in 30 cases,good in 10 cases,and fair in 4 cases; The average score was 81.5 (range,60 to 100).Two patients who had wound fat liquefaction at 3 days after operation were healed by dressing changing; 8 patients got deep vein thrombosis at 10 days (range,5 to 15 days) after operation were cured by conservative treatment; 3 patients got supra pubic pain at 6 days (range,5 to 7 days) after operation were healed by oral non steroidal anti-inflammatory analgesic drugs and physical therapy in one year.Conclusion Floating injury of symphysis pubis is a kind of severe pelvic fracture which affects the stability of pelvic ring.Open reduction and internal fixation is a good method to stabilize the pelvis ring and to get early rehabilitation.This may contribute to good clinical resuls and good function.

14.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2802-2807, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-318533

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Pelvic fractures are uncommon in elderly patients and so are infrequently addressed in the literature. The purpose of this study was to investigate the management and outcome of pelvic fractures in elderly patients.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>We retrospectively reviewed the records of pelvic fractures in elderly patients (age ≥55 years) who were treated in our department from September 1997 to May 2010.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>A total of 40 elderly patients with pelvic fractures were identified. Their mean age was 65.8 years (range 55-87 years). About 68% (n = 27) were men. The average Injury Severity Score (ISS) was 17.8 (range 6-45). Twelve (30%) patients required blood transfusion (mean 10 units) during the first 24 hours. The fractures were most frequently due to falling from a standing position (48%). Almost half (48%) were grade I breaks. Associated injuries were present in 70% (n = 28) of patients, and 65% (n = 26) had medical co-morbidities. Altogether, 29 patients (73%) underwent non-surgical management of their pelvic fracture. The average hospital stay was 25 days. There were five in-hospital deaths and one death 10 months after discharge. High ISSs (>25) were associated with increased in-hospital mortality (P = 0.018). At the final assessment (mean follow-up 15 months), 52% of the surviving patients had experienced decreased self-sufficiency.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Pelvic fractures in elderly patients result in high morbidity and mortality rates. A high ISS (>25) can be used to identify a patient at high risk. We recommend aggressive resuscitation and intensive care for that patient. For patients with an unstable pelvic or displaced acetabular fracture (≥2 mm) who can endure surgery, open reduction and internal fixation can provide adequate fixation for early weight-bearing and restoration of the bone stock.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Blood Transfusion , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Fractures, Bone , General Surgery , Therapeutics , Hospital Mortality , Pelvic Bones , Wounds and Injuries , Retrospective Studies
15.
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53): 9023-9028, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-439750

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:Percutaneous hol ow screw under X-Ray fluoroscopy has been shown to treat fracture of acetabulum of the pelvis, but the time of internal fixation was long, and the amount of radiation exposure to the patients and physicians was large. OBJECTIVE:To test the application of the ISO-C3D METHODS:Thirty-one patients with fracture of the acetabulum were treated with percutaneous hol ow screw under a fluoroscopy-based ISO-C computerized navigational system for fracture of acetabulum. 3D computerized navigational system. The interval from injury to operation was 4 to 13 days. Al patients were fol owed up for one year. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:The average bleeding volume during operation was only 18 mL, except that the bleeding volume of only one patient, who suffered from the sacroiliacjoint injury and received open reduction and internal fixation, was up to 300 mL. The total number of screws used in the operation was 42, among which 24 were screws for acetabular anterior column fracture and 18 for posterior column fracture. Al screws were implanted once precisely. The average time of internal fixation was 59 minutes, and the mean time for fluoroscopy was 39 seconds. The 31 patients were pain-free one week after the operation and no complication (infection, vascular nerve injury or implant breakage) was noted post-operatively. When the fol ow-up ended, radiography revealed fracture union with satisfactory screw fixation (no screw breakage or loosening). According to Matta functional scoring, results were excellent in 23 cases, good in 8 cases, with an excellent and good rate of 100%. According to Majeed functional scoring, the results were excellent in 22 cases, good in 6 cases and average in 3 cases, with an excellent and good rate of 90%. These results indicated that ISO-C3D computerized navigational system can supply stable internal fixation without an increase of complication.

16.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 541-548, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-436156

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the effect of sacroiliac anterior papilionaceous plate (SAPP) and the traditional reconstruction plate for the treatment of sacroiliac joint disruption.Methods 11 consecutive patients with sacroiliac joint disruption associated with pelvic fracture enrolled in our hospital.Detailed physical examination,X-rays,CT and FAST were performed before surgery.11 patients underwent SAPP fixation.Of the 11 patients,there were 5 males and 6 females.Their average age was 39.6 years.12 patients enrolled in last year as control group underwent reconstruction plate.There were 7 males and 5 females in this group.Their average age was 39.1 years.Operation time,blood loss,placing time of SAPP were recorded.X-ray films were performed after surgery to evaluate reduction condition by Matta criteria.X-ray films and Majeed outcome were performed in follow up.Results According to Tile classification,there were 13 Type B and 10 Type C.For SAPP group,operation time was (100.9±32.1) min,blood loss (998.8±365.7)ml,Placing time of SAPP was (6.6±3.2) min.For control group,operation time was (110.8±29.6) min,blood loss was (136.0±279.3) ml,placing time of reconstruction plate was (15.4±1.1) min.According to Matta criteria,8 cases were rated as excellent,11 as good,3 as fair,and 1 as poor.Lumbosacral nerve injury occurred in 1 case,lateral femoral cutaneous nerve injury in 7,and massive blood loss in 2 cases.No posterior infection occurred.Compared with control group,SAPP group experienced shorter placing time,and less blood loss in type B pelvic fracture.Conclusion As a new instrument,SAPP could be well applied in the treatment of sacroiliac disruption.Compared with reconstructed plate,SAPP obviously shortens placing time and facilitated placing procedure,and does not increase blood loss,neurological risk and infection rate and does not need different incision and reduction method.

17.
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53): 4256-4263, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-433640

ABSTRACT

10.3969/j.issn.2095-4344.2013.23.011

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Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 152-157, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-430179

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the early diagnosis and treatment of pelvic fracture with vaginal injury.Methods From January 2000 to July 2010,13 patients suffered from pelvic fracture with vaginal injury were treated in our hospital,whose average age was 31.7 years.According to the Tile classification,there were 4 cases of type B1,1 case of type B2,4 cases of type B3,3 cases of type C1,and 1 case of type C2.Emergency repair of vagina together with open reduction and internal fixation of pelvic fracture was performed in 3 patients.After the patients' condition became stable,5 patients with shock were treated with emergency repair of vagina together with primary external fixation of pelvic fracture.Prompt repair of vagina together with open reduction and internal fixation or primary external fixation of pelvic fracture was performed in 2 patients who underwent delayed diagnosis.Two cases of extensive pelvic abscess due to missed diagnosis of vaginal laceration were treated with debridement and external fixation of pelvic fracture,and reconstructions of vagina were performed after infection control.Results Twelve patients survived,and 1 patient died 6 h after admission.Eleven patients were followed up for 8 to 36 months (average,17 months).Among 9 patients who underwent one-stage repair of vagina,5 married patients had normal sexual life,1 suffered from pain during sexual intercourse,and 3 unmarried patients had normal menses.Two patients who underwent second-stage reconstruction of vagina suffered from pain during sexual intercourse.At final follow-up,the mean Majeed score was 82.2 (range,56 to 96),and the results were excellent in 6 cases,good in 3 cases,fair in 2 cases.Conclusion Vaginal injury should be highly suspected in females with anterior pelvic ring fracture.Early diagnosis and repair of vaginal injury is crucial to good clinical outcomes.Delayed diagnosis and treatment may lead to severe complications.

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Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 467-470, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-425633

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo explore the clinical effect of internal fixation for fractures of the acetabular anterior column or pubic rami through minimally invasive ilioinguinal approach.MethodsFrom June 2008 to June 2011,26 patients were surgically fixed with reconstructive plates through minimally invasive ilioinguinal approach.Sixteen cases were diagnosed as fractures of the acetabular anterior column,and ten as fractures of the pubic rami.The patient was positioned supine or lateral floating.The incision included two parts.The lateral part along the anterior one-third of the iliac crest about 3-5 cm.The insertion of the abdominal muscles and the origin of the iliacus were sharply incised from the crest.By subperiosteal dissection,the iliacus was elevated from the internal iliac fossa as far medially as to expose the anterior inferior iliac spine,iliopubic eminence and acetabular anterior column.The medial part of the incision was from the pubic tubercle transverse lateral extend 2-3 cm.Subperiosteal dissection to expose the superior pubic ramus.Two windows were dissected subperiosteal to connect through a tunnel along the anterior column of the acetabulum and pubic ramus.Fractures were reduced,and reconstruction plates were contoured and placed through the tunnel.Two or three screws were used at each window to fix the fractures.ResultsAccording to Matta evaluation system,anatomic reductions of the hip were in 13 cases,good in 11 and fair in 2 cases.Twenty-three patients were followed up from 6 to 30 months(mean,15.6 months).Hip functions were excellent in 13 patients,good in 6,and fair in 4 patients according to the D'Aubigne scores system.Pelvic functional results showed 12 were excellent,9 were good and 2 were fair according to Majeed scores system.No complications such as infection or deep venous thrombosis occurred.ConclusionThis modified ilioinguinal approach,with less operation time and low rate of complications,is simple and minimally invasive.It is easy for surgeons to perform plate moulding and could provide firm fixation.

20.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 1209-1212, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-422789

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate fecal diversion in the management of pelvic fractures associated with perineal injuries.MethodsThis retrospective study involved 27 patients of pelvic fractures associated with perineal injuries during April 2005 to April 2011.There were 23 males and 4 females,and the mean age was 32.9 years old (range,16-62 years old).Fractures type according to Tile classification:4 cases were type A,10 cases were type B,and 13 cases were type C.The pelvic external fixator and fecal diversion were selectively used.Results Of the 27 patients of pelvic fractures associated with perineal injuries,24survived.The overall mortality of pelvic fractures associated with perineal injuries in the present study was 11%.The survived 24 patients were totally reviewed clinically.The mean follow-up time of these patients was 10.9 months (range,4-42 months).Of those patients who underwent early fecal diversion (< 48 h),none experienced infectious completions.However,of those underwent non-early (>48 h) fecal diversion (including those who did not undergo fecal diversion),four patients experienced infectious completions.Fisher's exact test was used to compare the infection rate of these two groups.And the result of Fisher's exact test demonstrated that those patients who underwent early (< 48 h) fecal diversion and non-early (>48 h) fecal diversion (including those who did not undergo fecal diversion).ConclusionStabilization of hemodynamic; selective fecal diversion; early stabilization of pelvic fracture are necessary for the emergency management of pelvic fractures associated with perineal injuries.Rectal injury and severe perineal injury without involvement of rectum should undergo fecal diversion.Early fecal diversion (< 48 h) could reduce the infection rate of pelvic fractures associated with perineal injuries.

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