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Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 987-992, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923697


@#This paper assembled immunotherapy methods for neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder (NMOSD) in recent years, including the treatment of acute stage, the prevention of relapse and the potential immunotherapy. The treatment of acute stage is mainly to inhibit inflammatory response and reduce aquaporin 4 (AQP4) antibody(Ab) titer, and this is done mainly by using high-dose hormone shock therapy and plasmapheresis. Remission treatment is to inhibit the proliferation of T cells and B cells and also remove B cells from the body, for the purpose of reducing the number of relapses. Azathioprine, rituximab and mycophenolate mofetil are mainly given during remission stage. The treatment of NMOSD will become more targeted/specific in the future. The mechanism of action of the new drug is mainly through blocking the binding of pathogenic AQP4-Ab and its antigen (Ag), reducing the generation of pathogenic AQP4-Ab, and blocking the downstream reaction after pathogenic Ab-Ag binding. The new drugs mainly include aquaporumab, tocilizumab, DNA vaccine, anti-CD19 monoclonal Ab (MEDI-551), eculizumab and bevacizumab.

Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 8-10, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-397092


Objective To compare the Poser and the McDonald diagnostic criteria for multiple sclerosis (MS).Methods Sixty-seven patients with clinical features suggestive of MS were re-evaluated by 2 neurologists utilizing both the Poser and the McDonald criteria.The Fisher' s exact test was used to statistically analyze the data from assessment by these two criteria.Results By the Poser criteria, 34 patients were classified as clinically definite MS, 24 patients as laboratory supported definite MS and 9 patients as possible MS.Under the new McDonald criteria, MS was diagnosed in 36 patients and 31 patients had possible MS.The results revealed significant differences in diagnosing MS between these 2 criteria (OR=5.549, 95% CI 2.37-13.00, P<0.01).Conclusions These 2 criteria showed remarkable differences in diagnosing MS, in particular definite MS, possibly due to greater reliance on paraclinical evidences in the Poser criteria and more stringent gnidlines of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in the McDonald criteria.The analysis of cerebrospinal fluid may increase the diagnostic rate of MS and specify pathologic abnormalities in MRI to some degree.

Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 42-44, 2007.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-972872


@#The etiology and occurred mechanism of multiple sclerosis are remain unclear. The authors review the advance in research of heredity epidemiology, molecular biology, genomic screen and heredity factors of multiple sclerosis.