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1.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 347-352, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-806558

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the effects of macrophages with high expression of TL1A on the activation and proliferation of HSCs in vitro. @*Methods@#The Bone marrow-derived macrophages (BMMs) and peritoneal macrophages (PMs) from wild type (WT) and myeloid-overexpressed TL1A transgenic mice were isolated, differentiated and activated. HSCs were harvested from activated macrophages culture supernatant (CM). HSCs were detected by immunofluorescence and real-time Q-PCR. And the proliferation was detected by CCK-8 and BrdU assay kit. The levels of IL-1β and PDGF-BB in macrophage culture supernatants were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). @*Results@#BMMs-derived CM-intervention HSCs were used to detect the expression of α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) on the 2nd, 4th and 6th day respectively by immunofluorescence method. There was no significant difference between the two groups on the 2 nd and the 6th day, P > 0.05; On day 4, the CM/Tg group was significantly higher than that of CM/WT group, P < 0.01; the results of CMs derived from PMs were consistent with the above trend. The expression of α-SMA mRNA on the 2nd, 4th and 6th day was detected by real-time Q-PCR method using BM-derived CMs. No significant difference was found between the groups on the 2nd day (P > 0.05).α-SMA mRNA increased further on the 4th and 6th day, and the level of CM/Tg in CM/Tg group was significantly higher than that in CM/WT group (P < 0.05). The detection results of CMs derived from PMs were consistent with the above trend. The results of CCK-8 assay and BrdU assay showed that the proliferation rate of HSCs in CM Tg group was significantly higher than that in CM/WT group (P < 0.01). The CMs derived from PMs were used to interfere with HSCs. And the results were consistent with the above trend. For BMMs, the levels of IL-1β and PDGF-BB in the lipopolysaccharide (LPS) + IFNγ/Tg culture supernatant were significantly higher than those in the LPS+IFNγ/WT group (P < 0.01). For the culture supernatants of PMs Liquid test results consistent with the above trend. @*Conclusion@#Macrophages with high expression of TL1A could enhance the activation and proliferation of HSCs by increasing the secretion of IL-1β and PDGF-BB.

2.
Chinese Journal of Digestion ; (12): 238-243, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-711591

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of tumor necrosis factor-related ligand-1A(TL1A)on activation of T helper 9(Th9)cells of colonic tissues in chronic experimental colitis mice.Methods The chronic experimental colitis mice model was established with drinking dextran sulfate sodium salt(DSS).A total of 32 lymphocytes TL1A highly expressed mice and wild type(WT)mice were divided into WT control group, transgene control group,WT modeling group and transgene modeling group.The mice of control groups were administrated with distilled water. The mice of modeling groups received 3% DSS in drinking water discontinuously.The mice were sacrificed on 29 days after modeling.Body mass was measured,length of colon was recorded,scores of gross colon and the disease activity index(DAI)were calculated.The colonic morphological changes were observed by hematoxylin-eosin(H-E)staining.The lamina propria mononuclear cells(LPMC)were isolated and the number of Th9 cells was tested by flow cytometry.The levels of interleukin-9(IL-9)in serum and LPMC were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA).The expressions of IL-9 protein and mRNA of the colonic tissues were measured by Western blotting and real-time polymerase chain reaction(PCR),respectively.T test and single factor analysis of variance were performed for statistical analysis.Results The percentage of body mass loss of WT modeling group was lower than that of transgene modeling group(16.2% ± 1.0% vs 18.9% ± 1.2%),and the difference was statistically significant(t=4.90, P<0.05).The scores of gross colon,DAI and pathology of transgene modeling group were all higher than those of WT modeling group(2.80 ± 0.64 vs 1.60 ± 0.31,2.55 ± 0.20 vs 1.58 ± 0.17,and 11.85 ± 0.86 vs 9.50 ± 0.79),and the differences were statistically significant(t=4.77,10.45 and 5.69,all P<0.05).The number of LPMC in transgene modeling group was higher than that of WT modeling group(3.70×106± 0.28×106vs 2.65×106± 0.32 × 106)and the difference was statistically significant(t= 6.98,P< 0.05).The percentage of Th9 in total CD4+T cells of LPMC in colonic tissues of transgene modeling group was higher than that of WT modeling group(0.54% ± 0.04% vs 0.23% ± 0.03%),and the difference was statistically significant(t= 17.54,P< 0.05).The serum IL-9 level of transgene modeling group was higher than that of WT modeling group((170.23 ± 5.69)pg/mL vs(150.62 ± 6.45)pg/mL),and the difference was statistically significant(t= 6.50,P< 0.05).The level of IL-9 secreted by LMPC of transgene modeling group was higher than that of WT modeling group((265.21 ± 8.76)pg/mL vs (237.58 ± 10.24)pg/mL),and the difference was statistically significant(t= 5.80,P< 0.05).The expressions of IL-9 protein and mRNA of transgene modeling group were higher than those of WT modeling group(1.31 ± 0.09 vs 1.18 ± 0.03,and 8.26 ± 1.13 vs 2.25 ± 0.29,respectively),and the differences were statistically significant(t=3.88 and 14.57,both P< 0.05).Conclusion TL1A high expression in lymphocytes can promote Th9 cells differentiation and IL-9 secretion which involved in the genesis of chronic experimental colitis.

3.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 1934-1935,1938, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-601498

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the correlation between thyroid autoantibodies anti‐thyroid peroxidase antibody (TPOAb) with recurrent miscarriage to seek the objective data indicator for clinical diagnosis of recurrent miscarriage .Methods A total of 1 016 pregnant women of physical examination and normal thyroid function in the obstetric and gynecologic clinic of our hospital from March 2012 to May 2014 were selected as the research subjects .Among them ,90 cases of abortion were screened out and di‐vided into the primary abortion group(60 cases) and the recurrent abortion group(30 cases) .90 healthy childbearing age women of physical examination were selected as the control group .The positive TPOAb cases were performed statistics and compared among various groups ,the ratio was calculated;the TPOAb level was recorded in each group .At the same time the correlation between TPOAb with recurrent abortion was analyzed .Results The TPOAb positive rate in the recurrent abortion group was 46 .67% , which was significantly higher than 25 .00% in the primary abortion group and 4 .44% in the control group;at the same time the TPOAb positive rate of primary abortion group was also significantly higher than that of the control group ,the difference had sta‐tistical significance (P<0 .05) .The TPOAb concentration level in the recurrent abortion group was significantly higher than that in the primary abortion group and the control group;the TPOAb concentration level in the primary abortion group was also signifi‐cantly higher than that in the control group ,the differences were statistically significant (P< 0 .05) .In the follow‐up of adverse pregnancy occurrence with recurrent abortion as the adverse pregnancy event ,and according to the method of Spearman correlation analysis ,with the increase of TPOAb level ,the occurrence rate of recurrent miscarriage was higher ,which showed the positive cor‐relation(r=0 .764 ,P=0 .000) .Conclusion Monitoring the patient′s TPOAb level can better show the symptoms of recurrent abor‐tion .

4.
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53): 6638-6645, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-481614

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:Cirrhosis is a long-term consequence of chronic hepatic injury, which has no effective therapy. Mesenchymal stem cels have been shown to play a potential role in the treatment of liver fibrosis/cirrhosis. OBJECTIVE:To investigate the therapeutic effect and mechanism of human umbilical cord-derived mesenchymal stem cels on CCl4 induced liver fibrosis/cirrhosis in rats. METHODS:A CCl4-induced liver fibrotic/cirrhotic rat model was used, and human umbilical cord-derived mesenchymal stem cels were injectedvia the tail vein after modeling. Liver biochemical profile was measured by Beckman Coulter analyzer. Histopathological changes were assessed by Sirius red staining. The expressions of colagen type I, colagen type III, matrix metaloproteinases-2 and tissue inhibitor of matrix metaloproteinases-2 protein and mRNA in liver tissues were observed by immunohistochemistry, western blot and real-time PCR, respectively. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:Liver biochemical profile indicated the transplantation of human umbilical cord-derived mesenchymal stem cels could improve the liver function of rats with liver fibrosis and cirrhosis. After cel transplantation, except 1-week cel transplantation group, the expressions of the matrix metaloproteinases-2 mRNA and protein were significantly increased, while the expressions of colagen type I, colagen type III and tissue inhibitor of matrix metaloproteinases-2 mRNA and protein significantly decreased, compared with the corresponding model groups. Human umbilical cord-derived mesenchymal stem cels play a role in the treatment of liver fibrosis and cirrhosis through upregulating the expression of matrix metaloproteinases-2 and lowering the expression of inhibitor of matrix metaloproteinases-2. With the continued presence of pathogenic factors, human umbilical cord-derived mesenchymal stem cel transplantation cannot reverse liver fibrosis or cirrhosis, and only delay the process of liver fibrosis or cirrhosis.

5.
Chinese Journal of Pathophysiology ; (12)2000.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-528386

ABSTRACT

AIM: To study the effect of vascular endothelial growth factor(VEGF) on hematopoietic differentiation from mouse embryonic stem cells(ESC) in vitro.METHODS: ES-D3 was allowed to grow on mouse fetal fibroblast feeder layer,and then was developed into embryoid bodies(EB).EB cells were transferred into medium supplemented with different concentration of VEGF and VEGF+SCF for 1 week.Six groups,including.VEGF 5 ?g/L,VEGF 10 ?g/L,VEGF 20 ?g/L, VEGF 5 ?g/L+SCF,VEGF 10 ?g/L+SCF and VEGF 20 ?g/L+SCF,were designed.The group of spontaneous differentiation without cytokine(s) was used as control.Hematopoietic transcription factor GATA-2 and early hematopoietic differentiation genes(c-kit and ?-H1) were detected by RT-PCR.The content of CD34~+ cells in each group were measured by flow cytometry.The cells derived from ESC were incubated in semisolid methycellulose cultures.The numbers of total colony-forming units in culture(CFU-C) were counted by reverse microscope.RESULTS: ES-D3 grew and formed EB at day 4.VEGF had a stimulatory effect as a single factor on the expression of genes associated with early hematopoietic differentiation(GATA-2,c-kit and ?-H1),the generation of CD34~+ cells and CFU-C in EB.The effects of VEGF+SCF were the most potent in the experimental groups according to the percent of CD34~+ cells and the numbers of hematopoietic colonies.The most highest inducing efficacy was achieved in VEGF 20 ?g/L or VEGF 10 ?g/L combined with SCF.CONCLUSION: VEGF promotes the differentiation of ESC into hematopoietic cells in vitro.The strongest effect was achieved when VEGF was combined with SCF.

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