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1.
China Journal of Endoscopy ; (12): 57-59, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-621215

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the difference between single lumen endotracheal intubation of thoracoscope and traditional double lumen endotracheal intubation of thoracoscope in process of thymectomy. Methods From January 2010 to June 2014, clinical data of 30 cases with thymectomy under single lumen endotracheal intubation of thoracoscope (group A) and 30 cases with thymectomy under traditional double lumen endotracheal intubation thora-coscope (group B) were analyzed. Results There were no death patients in both groups. Group A:endotracheal intu-bation time (2.67 ± 0.72) min, surgery time (48.37 ± 4.64) min, the bleeding (26.17 ± 9.62) ml; Group B:endotracheal intubation time (5.55 ± 0.71) min, surgery time (52.10 ± 5.68) min, the bleeding (33.00 ± 7.94) ml. Conclusion Compared with traditional double lumen endotracheal intubation under thoracoscope, the single lumen endotracheal intubation of thoracoscope showed that intubation time was significantly shorter, and reduced the oc-currence of postoperative complications, the operative field was exposed more completely, reduced operation time and blood loss.

2.
International Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (6): 254-260, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-488290

ABSTRACT

Objective The advantages of the treating allergic rhinitis (AR) by sphenopalatine ganglion stimulation with acupuncture were evaluated.Methods Databases including CBMDisk, CNKI, WanFang, VIP, Cochrane Library, PubMed, ProQuest, ChiCTR, ISRCTN, ClinicalTrials.gov and CENTRAL were searched from the beginning of database established to Jan 2015. All issues from Jan 2004 to Jan 2015 published onjournals Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion,Shanghai Journal of Acupuncture and Moxibustion, Acupuncture Research,Journal of Clinical Acupuncture and Moxibustion,Chinese Journal of Integrated Traditional and Western Medicine and Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology in Integrative Medicine were searched by hand at meantime. All data were extracted based on the inclusive and exclusive criteria which was pre-designed, the Revman5.3 was applied for meta-analysis, and the studies qualities were analyzed by grade score.Results 118 articles were collected, 7 studies that involving 1 230 patients met the inclusive criteria. The result indicated that the sphenopalatine ganglion stimulation with acupuncture as the main treatment of AR showed the better total response rate compared to conventional drugs, theOR(95%CI) was 3.22(1.81 - 5.75); however the change of total symptom score had no statistical significant difference, the MD(95%CI) was 0.69 (-0.56 - 1.93), the change of IgE had no statistical significant difference,theSMD(95%CI) was -0.07 (-0.97 - 0.83).Conclusion The main treatment on AR by sphenopalatine ganglion stimulation with acupuncture may has better efficacy than western medicine. But due to the methodological biases existed in most studies, future high-quality RCTs were needed to be included into Meta-analysis to test today’s study conclusion.

3.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 565-570, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-352654

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To compare the effects of acupuncture on sphenopalatine ganglion and acupuncture on the common acupoints for life quality of patients with allergic rhinitis(AR).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Eighty patients with AR,who were in accord with the inclusive criteria,were randomly divided into an observation group and a control group,40 cases in each one. Acupuncture on sphenopalatine ganglion was used in the observation group. The needle was inserted into the gap between zygoma and mandibular coronoid process about 55 mm. Acupuncture was adopted on the main acupoints,Yingxiang(LI 20),Yintang(GV 29) or Fengchi(GB 20) in the control group. The course was four weeks. Follow-up was applied one month after treatment. Rhinoconjunctivitis quality of life questionnaire (RQLQ),rhinitis symptoms scale and visual analogue scale(VAS) were evaluated at different time points before and after treatment,and follow-up was implemented to know the recurrence situation,satisfactory degree and adverse reaction.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>(1) RQLQ scores:along with treatment,the RQLQ scores were gradually apparently decreased in the two groups(<0.01),and the reducing trend from the first week to the second week of the observation group was more obvious than that of the control group. The differences of the RQLQ scores at all timepoints after treatment between the two groups were not statistically significant(all>0.05). The interaction of the time factor and the group factor had statistical significance(<0.01). (2) Rhinitis symptoms scores:along with treatment,the scores presented decreasing trend in the two groups(<0.01). The scores of the two groups after treatment and the interaction of the time factor and the group factor were not statistically different(both>0.05). (3)VAS scores:the VAS scores after treatment were lower than those before treatment(both<0.01). The differences before and after treatment were statistically significant(<0.01),with more change in the observation group(<0.05). (4)There was no statistical significance about the number of recurrence days between the two groups(>0.05). (5) Above 80 percent patients were content with the therapeutic method in each group,with no statistical difference(>0.05). (6)The method of the observation group spent less time. (7) Two patients with light adverse reaction came up in the observation group,but no special treatment was needed.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Acupuncture on sphenopalatine ganglion acquires more obvious short-term effect than conventional acupuncture. It spends less time to relieve symptoms and improves life quality.</p>

4.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 1171-1176, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-323733

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To identify the feasibility and safety of fossa infratemporalis approach for blind-needle at sphenopalatine ganglion so as to provide anatomical evidence for the operation and the prevention of non-immediate adverse reaction.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The variations of pterygopalatine fossae in sixty dry skulls were observed by selecting measuring points for facial skull width. The brains of six wet skulls were taken out,then acupuncture of fossa infratemporalis approach was applied. Sphenopalatine ganglion was separated accurately with the pterygopalatine segment of maxillary arteria retained in the pterygopalatine fossa after its paries posterior was opened. We detected whether the needle was inserted into pterygopalatine fossa. Measurements showed needle inserted depth, facial skull width,the distance between the needle and sphenopalatine ganglion,the distance between the needle and the pterygopalatine segment of maxillary arteria,the distance between the pterygopalatine segment of maxillary arteria and the crotaphitic nerve in pterygopalatine fossa.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The distance between the slight hollow under bilateral arcus superciliaris was selected as skull width, and 3 dry skulls showed the variation of pterygopalatine fossa. Needles were inserted into the pterygopalatine fossae of the wet skulls (12 times). The proportion of the inserting depth to the distance between the slight hollow under bilateral arcus superciliaris was 44%-54%. Only twice did the needle contact sphenopalatine ganglion. The average distances between the sphenopalatine ganglion and the needle were (5.88±3.70) mm in the left side and (6.43±5.54) mm in the right side. The average distances between the needle and the pterygopalatine segment of maxillary arteria were (2.77±3.99) mm left and (2.53±3.10) mm right. The average distances between the pterygopalatine segment of maxillary arteria and the crotaphitic nerve in pterygopalatine fossa were (2.83±4.05) mm left and (2.67±4.95) mm right. The mean data between the two sides had no statistic significance about all the above indices (all>0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Fossa infratemporalis approach is feasible for blind-needle at sphenopalatine ganglion with less possibility to contact it. The effect of treating nasitis may achieved by little distance to nerve. Pricking at the pterygopalatine segment of maxillary arteria may induce non-immediate adverse reaction. The safety and efficacy should be comprehensively considered. There is a proportional relationship between the width of the skull and the insertion depth of the needle. The inserting depth of 44 percent may appropriate accounted for skull width.</p>

5.
Chinese Journal of Medical Library and Information Science ; (12): 59-62, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-485540

ABSTRACT

Described in this paper are the JCI accredited domestic hospitals, what should be learned from the JCI accreditation standards by domestic hospital accreditation standards, enlightenments of JCI accreditation standards on improving domestic library service such as establishment of library management systems, provision of network reference service, predictive information service, first-asked responsibility system reference service, library mobile service, and prolongation of library open time.

6.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 948-951, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-293884

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>3β- hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase deficiency (3βHSD), a rare form of congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) resulted from mutations in the HSD3B2 gene that impair steroidogenesis in both adrenals and gonads. We report clinical features and the results of HSD3B2 gene analysis of a Chinese pubertal girl with salt wasting 3βHSD deficiency.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>We retrospectively reviewed clinical presentations and steroid profiles of the patient diagnosed in Guangzhou Women and Children's Medical Center in 2013. PCR and direct sequencing were used to identify any mutation in the HSD3B2 gene.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>A 13-year-old girl was diagnosed as CAH after birth because of salt-wasting with mild clitorimegaly and then was treated with glucocorticoid replacement. Breast and pubic hair development were normal, and menarche occurred at 12 yr, followed by menstrual bleeding about every 45 days. In the last one year laparoscopic operation and ovariocentesis were performed one after another for recurrent ovary cysts. Under corticoid acetate therapy, ACTH 17.10 pmol/L (normal 0-10.12), testosterone 1.31 nmol/L (normal <0.7), dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate 13.30 µmol/L (normal 0.95 - 11.67), cortisol 720 nmol/L (normal 130-772.8), androstenedione, 17-hydroxyprogesterone and progesterone were normal. Estradiol 461 pmol/L, follicle-stimulating hormone 3.04 IU/L, luteinizing hormone 8.52 IU/L in follicular phase. A pelvic ultrasound showed lateral ovaries cysts (58 mm × 50 mm × 35 mm) and a midcycle-type endometrium. A novel nonsense mutation c.73G >T (p.E25X) was identified in HSD3B2 gene. The girl was homozygous and her mother was heterozygous, while her father was not identified with this mutation.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>A classic 3βHSD deficiency is characterized by salt wasting and mild virilization in female. Ovary cysts may be the one of features of gonad phenotype indicating ovary 3βHSD deficiency. A novel homozygous mutation c.73G >T(p.E25X) was related to the classical phenotype.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Female , Humans , 17-alpha-Hydroxyprogesterone , Adrenal Hyperplasia, Congenital , Diagnosis , Genetics , Androstenedione , China , Codon, Nonsense , Delayed Diagnosis , Follicle Stimulating Hormone , Homozygote , Hydrocortisone , Luteinizing Hormone , Mutation , Genetics , Ovarian Cysts , Genetics , Progesterone Reductase , Genetics , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies
7.
Chinese Journal of Medical Science Research Management ; (4): 136-138, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-428611

ABSTRACT

This paper probes into the concept and content of the knowledge management with the background of prevalence of knowledge economy.It is suggested that knowledge management should be incorporated into the daily work of the library,so as to innovate the work of the library and promote the development of the library.

8.
Chinese Journal of Medical Science Research Management ; (4): 51-52, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-380216

ABSTRACT

The scientific research of a hospital has become comprehensive developmental direction of medical work and education. Based on the requirement of scientific research, the author proposed the importance that hospital library participates in the construction of key disciplines. The hospital library should provide all round and multi-layer service of literature information for the scientific research work.

9.
Chinese Journal of Medical Imaging Technology ; (12): 119-121, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-472703

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the feasibility of pulse Doppler combined with electrocardiographic thinking for diagnosis of fetal arrhythmia. Methods Sixty-five fetuses with arrhythmia were examined with prenatal ultrasound. Pulse Doppler spectrum of pulmonary arteries and pulmonary veins were ontained and anlyzed with electrocardiographic thinking, and different kinds of fetal arrhythmia were diagnosed and classified. Results Among the 65 fetuses, 12 were found with sinus bradycardia, 8 with sinus tachycardia, 5 with supraventricular tachycardia, 28 with atrial premature beat, 7 with premature ventricular and 5 with atrioventricular block. Conclusion Pulse Doppler combined with electrocardiographic thinking plays an important role in the diagnosis and classification of fetal arrhythmia.

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