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1.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1439-1447, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980968

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Reports on the prevalence of psoriatic arthritis (PsA) among Chinese patients with psoriasis are very limited. This study, conducted by rheumatologists, estimated the prevalence of PsA in a large number of Chinese patients with psoriasis.@*METHODS@#Consecutive patients with a confirmed diagnosis of psoriasis attending nine dermatology clinics in five hospitals were recruited. All psoriasis patients were asked to complete a questionnaire comprising 16 questions to identify possible cases of PsA. All patients with one or more positive answers to the questionnaire were evaluated by two experienced rheumatologists.@*RESULTS@#A total of 2434 psoriasis patients, including 1561 males and 873 females, were enrolled. Both the questionnaire and rheumatologists' examinations were completed in the dermatology clinics. The results identified 252 patients with PsA, comprising 168 males and 84 females. The overall prevalence of PsA among psoriasis patients was 10.4% (95% confidence interval [95% CI], 9.1%-11.7%). By sex, the prevalence was 10.8% (95% CI, 9.2%-12.5%) for males and 9.6% (95% CI, 7.7%-11.9%) for females and there was no significant sex difference in the prevalence of PsA (P = 0.38). Of the 252 PsA patients, 125 (49.6%, 95% CI, 41.3%-59.1%) were newly diagnosed by rheumatologists. Consequently, the prevalence of undiagnosed PsA among psoriasis patients was 5.2% (95% CI, 4.4%-6.2%).@*CONCLUSION@#The prevalence of PsA in the Chinese population with psoriasis is about 10.4%, which is almost double that of previous reports in the Chinese population, but lower than that in Caucasians.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Male , Arthritis, Psoriatic/epidemiology , Rheumatologists , Prevalence , East Asian People , Psoriasis/epidemiology
2.
Chinese Journal of Medical Instrumentation ; (6): 19-25, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971297

ABSTRACT

Transbronchil biopsy has the characteristic of less trauma and quick recovery compared to percutaneous aspiration biopsy. In order to automate this procedure, it requires the development of a robotic surgical system that combines electromagnetic navigation and flexible endoscope. The robotic surgical system introduced herein consists of flexible endoscope, remote-control handle, electromagnetic navigation and dexterous manipulators. The robotic system supports lung bronchial model segmentation and reconstruction, automatic bronchial path planning, real-time navigation and visual biopsy. In the control of the endoscopic catheter, an elasticity compensation algorithm was proposed to improve the location accuracy of the catheter and operational efficiency. Clinical trials proved that the robotic system had high positioning accuracy, was intuitive to operate, and could improve the biopsy efficiency, shorten the learning time, reduce the burden of surgical operations, and lower radiation exposure and infection rate.


Subject(s)
Catheters , Robotic Surgical Procedures , Endoscopy , Bronchoscopy
3.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1086-1095, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927765

ABSTRACT

ERα-36 is a novel subtype of estrogen receptor α which promotes tumor cell proliferation, invasion and drug resistance, and it serves as a therapeutic target. However, only small-molecule compounds targeting ERα-36 are under development as anticancer drugs at present. Gene therapy approach targeting ERα-36 can be explored using recombinant adenovirus armed with decoy receptor. The recombinant shuttle plasmid pDC316-Ig κ-ERα-36-Fc-GFP was constructed via genetic engineering to express an Ig κ-signaling peptide-leading secretory recombinant fusion protein ERα-36-Fc. The recombinant adenovirus Ad-ERα-36-Fc-GFP was subsequently packaged, characterized and amplified using AdMaxTM adenovirus packaging system. The expression of fusion protein and functional outcome of Ad-ERα-36-Fc-GFP transduction were further analyzed with triple-negative breast cancer MDA-MB-231 cells. Results showed that the recombinant adenovirus Ad-ERα-36-Fc-GFP was successfully generated. The virus effectively infected MDA-MB-231 cells which resulted in expression and secretion of the recombinant fusion protein ERα-36-Fc, leading to significant inhibition of EGFR/ERK signaling pathway. Preparation of the recombinant adenovirus Ad-ERα-36-Fc-GFP provides a basis for further investigation on cancer gene therapy targeting ERα-36.


Subject(s)
Adenoviridae/genetics , Cell Proliferation , Estrogen Receptor alpha/metabolism , Recombinant Proteins , Transfection
4.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 872-876, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910932

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects of Sacubitril/Valsartan on the recurrence of atrial fibrillation(AF), cardiac structure and function after catheter ablation(CA)of persistent AF.Methods:A total of 180 patients with persistent AF were randomly divided into the treatment group(n=90)and the control group(n=90)before undergoing CA.The control group was given routine perioperative medication according to the guidelines for AF management, and the treatment group was additionally given Sacubitril/Valsartan.Blood pressure, N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide(NT-proBNP), P-wave dispersion, left atrial dimension, left atrial volume index, mitral regurgitation area, left ventricular end-systolic volume index, end-diastolic volume index and left ventricular ejection fraction(LVEF)were measured at 3, 6 and 12 months after the procedure.Results:Blood pressure was lower in the treatment group than in the control group( P<0.05), but no hypotension or related symptoms occurred.The sinus rhythm maintenance rate was higher in the treatment group than in the control group at 3, 6 and 12 months during the follow-up(80.0%, 72.2%, 78.9% vs.70.0%, 75.6%, 68.9%, χ2=4.866, 6.667 and 4.091, P=0.027, 0.010 and 0.043, respectively). At 6 and 12 months during the follow-up, NT-proBNP, P-wave dispersion, left atrial diameter, left atrial volume index, mitral regurgitation area, left ventricular end-systolic volume index and end-diastolic volume index were lower(all P<0.05)and LVEF was higher( P<0.05)in the treatment group than in the control group. Conclusions:In patients with persistent AF after CA, Sacubitril/Valsartan has favorable effects in maintaining sinus rhythm, reversing cardiac remodeling and improving cardiac function.

5.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1029-1031, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-823171

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore current status of sleep disturbances and its influencing factors in preschool children in Haikou city, and to provide a reference for improving chidlren sleeping quality by taking effective measures.@*Methods@#Layered random cluster sampling method was used to select 1 200 preschool children from kindergartens in Haikou city in 2018. Sleep status questionnaire was used to investigate children’s sleep disorders and analyze the influencing factors.@*Results@#The detection rate of sleep disturbances was 50.00%, the rates in each group were 50.90% for boys, 48.87% for girls(χ2=0.49, P>0.05), and 48.45% for 3 years old group, 50.33% for 4 years old group, 50.55% for 5 years old group, and 49.55% for 6 years old group(χ2=0.24, P=0.97). The total daily sleep time of children was(10.53±1.05)h, and the duration of continuous sleep at night was(8.69±0.78)h, the length of sleep during the day was(1.84±0.67)h, sleep time decreased with the increase of age(F=7.52, 3.04, 7.88, P<0.05). The univariateand multivariate Logistic regression showed that, asthma(OR=2.65), frequent cold(OR=1.67), carpet at home(OR=1.40), poor appetite(OR=1.18), changing caregivers(OR=1.25), inconsistent rearing ideas(OR=1.42), parents falling asleep late (OR=1.39) and mothers with sleep problems (OR=1.73) were the risk factors for sleep problems, children and parents sleeping separately(OR=0.75), children’s sleeping rule (OR=0.32) were the protection factors(P<0.05).@*Conclusion@#It is necessary to do a good job in the sleep management of preschool children and reduce the detection rate of sleep problems from many aspects, such as family rearing environment, health knowledge of caregivers, parents undefined sleep habits, children undefined sleeping style and so on.

6.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 363-367, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-805234

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the differences of gemstone spectral curve and CT value of gastric cancer with different pathological types and differentiation degrees.@*Methods@#91 cases of preoperative gemstone CT images with gastric cancer were collected, including 24 cases of mucinous carcinoma, 67 cases of non-mucinous carcinoma, 16 cases of signet ring cell carcinoma, 8 cases of mucinous adenocarcinoma, 32 cases of moderately differentiated adenocarcinoma and 35 cases of poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma. Gemstone CT spectral imaging was performed preoperatively, and the spectral curve of the lesion in venous phase was obtained by using GSI Viewer software, the slope of the curve was calculated, and 11 monoenergetic CT values of 40~140 keV (10 keV interval) were measured. The gemstone spectral curves and CT values of gastric cancer with different pathological types and differentiation degrees are compared.@*Results@#The curve slopes of non-mucinous carcinoma, signet ring cell carcinoma and poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma were -1.92±0.53, -1.73±0.37 and -2.14±0.54, respectively. The absolute values were higher than those of mucinous carcinoma (-1.45±0.54), mucinous adenocarcinoma (-0.90±0.34) and moderately differentiated adenocarcinoma (-1.67±0.41), and the differences were all statistically significant (P<0.05). There were significant differences in monoenergetic CT values between mucinous and non-mucinous carcinomas at 40-140 keV (all P<0.05). The former was lower than the latter in different degrees, and the lower the energy, the greater the difference was. There were significant differences in monoenergetic CT values between signet ring cell carcinoma and mucinous adenocarcinoma at 40-100 keV (all P<0.05); monoenergetic CT values between poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma and moderately differentiated adenocarcinoma at 40-90 keV showed statistically significant differences (P<0.05).@*Conclusions@#Gastric cancer with different pathological types and differentiation degrees have their characteristic spectral curves in venous phase, and the monoenergetic CT values are significantly different at low energy. The spectral curve of gemstone CT may be helpful to evaluate the pathological type and differentiation degree of gastric cancer before operation.

7.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 616-621, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-711146

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of WNK3 kinase on the regulation of large-conductance calcium-activated potassium channels (Maxi K channels) on African green monkey kidney fibroblast-like cells (Cos-7 cells) and its mechanisms.Methods (1) Cos-7 cells were transfected with 0,0.6,1.2,1.8 μg WNK3 plasmid+0.5 μg Maxi K plasmid.The total protein expression of Maxi K channel and the phosphorylation of mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) extracellular regulated kinase-1 and-2 (ERK1/2) were detected by Western blotting.(2) Cos-7 cells were divided into the control group (2.5 μg Maxi K plasmid) and the experimental group (2.5 μg WNK3 plasmid+2.5 μg Maxi K plasmid).Cell surface biotinylation was used to investigate the cell surface protein expression of Maxi K channel in Cos-7 cells.Immunoprecipitation and Western blotting were used to detect the ubiquitination of Maxi K channel protein.(3) WNK3 kinase was knocked down by WNK3 siRNA.The lysosomal degradation pathway was blocked by the proton pump inhibitor (Baf-A1).Cos-7 cells were divided into Maxi K+negative control siRNA group,Maxi K+WNK3 siRNA group and Maxi K+WNK3 siRNA+Baf-A1 group.The protein expression of Maxi K channel protein was detected by Western blotting.Results (1) Compared with those in 0 μg WNK3 plasmid groups,in 0.6,1.2,1.8 μg WNK3 plasmid groups the total protein expression of the Maxi K channel increased and the phosphorylation level of MAPK ERK1/2 reduced on a dose-dependent manner (all P < 0.01).(2)Compared with those in the control group,the total protein expression and cell surface membrane protein expression of the Maxi K channel increased in the experimental group (P < 0.01),while the ubiquitination of the Maxi K channel protein reduced (P < 0.01).(3) Compared with the Maxi K +negative control siRNA group,the expression of Maxi K protein reduced in the Maxi K+WNK3 siRNA group (P < 0.01),but did not change in the Maxi K+WNK3 siRNA + Bar-A1 group (P > 0.05).The expression of Maxi K protein in Maxi K+WNK3 siRNA+Baf-A1 group was higher than that in Maxi K+WNK3 siRNA group (P < 0.01).Conclusions WNK3 kinase inhibits the lysosomal degradation pathway of Maxi K channel protein by reducing the ubiquitination of Maxi K channel,and promotes the expression of Maxi K channel protein in cells and on cell membrane.These effects may be achieved by suppressing MAPK ERK1/2 signal transduction pathway.

8.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 525-528,532, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-691664

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical characteristics and prognostic factors for patients with primary intestinal B-cell lymphoma. Methods The clinical data of 50 patients with primary intestinal B-cell lymphoma in Fujian Medical University Union Hospital from January 2004 to December 2013 were retrospectively analyzed. An analysis was also conducted in their clinical characteristics and related prognostic factors. Results A total of 50 patients included 35 males and 15 females with the median age of 58 years old (16-79 years old). The clinical symptoms were abdominal pain or abdominal distension [70 % (35/50)]. The common origins were small intestine and ileocecus, and the most common pathological type was diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) [54 % (27/50)]. The median survival time of 43 cases was 49.4 months. The 1-year, 3-year and 5-year overall survival (OS) rates were 79.1 %, 72.1 %, 58.1 %, respectively. Univariate analysis indicated that hemoglobin levels, albumin levels, lactic dehydrogenase (LDH), the maximum diameter of mass, international prognostic index (IPI) score, Lugano stage, and Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) score were the affecting factors of OS. Multivariate analysis showed that IPI score ≥ 2 was an independent risk factor for the prognosis of intestinal B-cell lymphoma ( OR= 6.766, 95 % CI 1.853-24.702, P= 0.004). The efficacy analysis showed that 5-year cumulative OS rate of R-CHOP like treatment group was better than that of CHOP like treatment group (91.7 % vs. 44.7 %, P =0.048). Conclusion IPI score can be used as an important indicator for clinical treatment and prognosis evaluation of primary intestinal B-cell lymphoma. Some patients with primary intestinal B-cell lymphoma can benefit from rituximab.

9.
Chinese Journal of Infection Control ; (4): 225-228, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-511662

ABSTRACT

Objective To understand the clinical distribution characteristics and antimicrobial resistance of pathogens causing healthcare-associated infection(HAI) in a comprehensive hospital.Methods Clinical data of patients with HAI in this hospital between May 2012 and May 2015 were collected,the distribution and antimicrobial resistance of pathogens isolated from patients were analyzed.Results A total of 6 563 cases of HAI occurred among 183 850 patients,incidence of HAI was 3.57%,445 patients were isolated at least two kinds of pathogens,375 (84.27%) patients were isolated two kinds of pathogens,132 of whom were infected with both gram negative bacilli.4 478 specimens were sent for pathogenic detection,2 503 (55.90%) of which were isolated pathogens;a total of 2 755 pathogens were isolated,including 1 713(62.18%) strains of gram-negative bacilli,732(26.57%) gram positive cocci,304(11.03%) yeast-like fungi,and 6(0.22%) anaerobic bacteria.524(19.02%)strains were mainly from patients in department of neurology.The main specimen was sputum (n =1 340,48.64%).The isolation rates of carbapenem-resistant Escherichia coli (CREC),Klebsiella pneumoniae (CRKP),Acinetobacter baumnannii (CRAB),and Pseudomonas aeruginosa (CRPA) were 0.39% (2/510),1.66% (3/181),59.14% (207/ 350),and 5.29 % (11/208) respectively;isolation rate of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) was 21.55%(25/116).Conclusion Multidrug-resistant organisms causing HAl are various,it is necessary to understand distribution characteristics and prevalence of pathogens,monitor multidrug-resistant organisms,and implement contact isolation measures,so as to prevent the outbreak of HAI.

10.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 394-400, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-510702

ABSTRACT

Aim Toinvestigatetheeffectofrecombi-nant snake venom metalloproteinase inhibitor (rSVM-PI ) on neovascularization and its molecular mecha-nism.Methods Chickenchorioallantoicmembrane (CAM)assay was used to examine the antiangiogenic effect of rSVMPI.Alamar blue analysis was used to de-tect cell proliferation.Annexin V-FITC double labeling flow cytometry was used to assay cell apoptosis. Scratch marker was used to assay cell migration.Boy-den chamber analysis method was used to detect cells chemotaxis in vitro.Tube like structure(TLS)of HU-VECs was used to detect the ability of neovasculariza-tion in vitro.Real-time PCR and Western blot were used to assay the expressions of KDR and FGFR-1 inHUVECs. Results Thevasculardensityindex (VDI)of CAM was drastically decreased after rSVMPI treatment, chemotaxis of HUVECs in response of VEGF was inhibited in the presence of rSVMPI,TLS of HUVECs was less than control group.The expres-sions of KDR and FGFR-1 were down-regulated by re-al-timePCRandWesternblotassay.Conclusion rS-VMPI may inhibit neovascularization by blocking the VEGF-KDR or bFGF-FGFR signal transduction path-way.

11.
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53): 4106-4112, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-607702

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) can promote mitosis and chemotaxis of periodontal ligament fibroblasts (PDLCs), and help the generation of extracellular matrix and new blood capillaries. But it is easy to degrade,has short half-life, and metabolizes rapidly.OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the influence of bFGF/chitosan/polylactic acid scaffolds on PDLCs growth and proliferation.METHODS: Polylactic acid/chitosan composite scaffolds in different proportions (4:1, 3:2, 1:1, 2:3, 1:4) were prepared through freeze-drying method, to study their microstructure, porosity and mechanical strength and then choose the optimal ratio of chitosan/polylactic acid scaffold that was used to prepare the composite scaffolds which contained different concentrations (0, 0.1, 1, 10, 100 μg/L) of bFGF. (1) Cytotoxicity test: PDLCs were cultured with leaching liquid of polylactic acid/chitosan scaffolds which contained different concentrations (0, 0.1, 1, 10, 100 μg/L) of bFGF and DMEM culture medium respectively. The effects on cell proliferation were tested by MTT after 24, 48, 72 hours. Cell cycles were tested using flow cytometry at 5 days of culture. (2) Cytocompatibility test: PDLCs were co-cultured with the polylactic acid/chitosan scaffolds which contained different concentrations (0, 0.1, 1, 10, 100 μg/L) of bFGF. The number of PDLCs was counted at 1, 3, 5 and 7 days. The growing status of PDLCs on the scaffolds was observed by scanning electron microscope at 3 days of culture.RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: (1) The best mass ratio of polylactic acid and chitosan was 2:3 by test of porosity and mechanical strength. (2) The absorbance value of each group was increased over time. The absorbance values of 0.1, 1, 10, 100 μg/L bFGF groups were higher than that of the control group (0 μg/L bGFG), and the A value of 10 μg/L group was highest in all groups at 48 and 72 hours after co-culture (P < 0.05). (3) Cell percentages at G0/G1 phase of 0.1, 1, 10,100 μg/L bFGF groups were higher than that of the control group, and the percentage of 10 μg/L group was lowest in all groups (P < 0.05). Cell percentage at S phase and G2/M+S of 0.1, 1, 10, 100 μg/L bFGF groups were higher than that of the control group, and the percentage of 10 μg/L group was highest in all groups (P < 0.05). (4) The number of cells in each group was increased with time. The cell number in the 10 μg/L was most in all groups at 3 and 5 days of co-culture (P < 0.05). Observation of scanning electron microscopy showed that PDLCs adhered and grew well on the 10 μg/L bFGF/polylactic acid/chitosan composite scaffold when co-cultured for 3 days. Overall, these findings indicate that the bFGF/polylactic acid/chitosan composite scaffold contributes to PDLCs proliferation.

12.
Drug Evaluation Research ; (6): 37-41, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-515090

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the therapeutic effect of resveratrol (Rsv) on psoriasis like skin damage induced by imiquimod (IMQ) and study its mechanism.Methods BALB/c mice were randomly divided into four groups:control group,Rsv group,model (IMQ) group and Rsv treatment (IMQ + Rsv) group with six mice in each group.Psoriasis like skin model induced by smearing IMQ in the mice's ear for 8 d,20 mg Rsv cream were gave at the same time for treatment.Observe erythema and psoriasis degree,and measure ear thickness with vemier caliper.HE staining was used to observe tissue change,real time quantitative PCR (qRT-PCR) was used to detect K17,IL-17A,IL-19 and IL-23 mRNA and Western blotting were used to detected K17 protein expression in tissues.Results Compared with the model group,mice erythema area and the thickness of epidermal scale decreased significantly in Rsv treatment group;HE staining results showed that,Rsv significantly reduced ear marginal tissue epidermal thickness,and diminished severity of the psoriasis-like skin inflammation.qRT-PCR and Western blotting confirmed a Rsv dependent decrease of in K17,IL-17A and IL-19 in mRNA level and protein levels of K17.Conclusion Rsv improves psoriasis like skin damage by down-regulating expression of Keratinl 7.

13.
Journal of Practical Obstetrics and Gynecology ; (12): 852-855, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-664213

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analysis perinatal outcome and pregnancy complications in the third trimester in excessive fast weight gain pregnant women who had normal 75 g oral glucose tolerance test(OGTT) at the second trimester.Methods:422 pregnant women who examined and delivered in Department of Obstetrics,the Second Hospital of Tianjin Medical University from October 2015 to September 2016 were selected randomly for this study.All of them had normal pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI) and 75 g OGTT test at 24-27 +6 gestational weeks.Mass growth more than 4000 g from 28-36 gestational weeks (average mass growth rate ≥500 g/w) were enrolled in study group(n =103),while others were included in control group(n =319).Statistical analysis was performed by t test and x 2 test.Results.The incidence rate of Gestational diabetes mellitus(GDM) (7.8%),gestational hypertensive (6.8%),mild preeclampsia (4.9%),premature rupture of membranes (PROM)(12.6%) and polyhydramnios(4.9%) in study group was significant higher than those in control group (2.8%,2.5%,1.9%,7.2%,1.3%).The rate of cesarean section (39.8%),macrosomia (10.7%),and neonatal hypoglycemia(4.9%)in study group was significant higher than those in control group (34.2%,6.0%,2.5%).The average birth weight in the study group was significant higher than that in the control group(3677-±351 g vs 3328 -±367g,P<O.01).There was no significant difference in Apgar score between two groups(P >0.05).Conclusions:In the second trimester 75 g OGTT test normal pregnant women,poor diet and exercise management and excessive fast weight gain may increase the incidence of pregnancy complications and poorer perinatal outcomes.

14.
Chinese Journal of Pancreatology ; (6): 119-123, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-493188

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the role of serum immunoglobulin G4 (IgG4) in differentiating autoimmune pancreatitis (AIP) from pancreatic cancer(PC).Methods The database,including Medline,EMBASE,Science Direct,Springer link,CBM,Wanfang,VIP and Cnki were searched by computer and the publication date was before April 1,2015.The studies on evaluating the accuracy of IgG4 in differentiating AIP from PC were screened and selected according to strict determined inclusion and exclusion criteria.Quality assessment was made by QUADAS scale.The publication bias were assessed by Stata12.0 software.The heterogeneity of included articles,calculate the pooled sensitivity,specificity,positive likelihood,negative likelihood were anylyzed by Meta-Disc1.4 software,respectively,and draw the summary ROC (SROC) curve.Results A total of 13 English articles were included and 1403 patients were involved.The pooled sensitivity was 74% (95% CI 70% ~ 78%),the pooled specificity was 93% (95% CI 91% ~ 95%),the positive likelihood ratio was 10.74 (95% CI 7.16 ~ 16.11),the negative likelihood ratio was 0.25 (95% CI 0.17 ~0.35) and the area under SROC curve was 0.9340.Conclusions IgG4 has high diagnostic efficacy but low misdiagnosis rate in differentiating AIP from PC,which can be used as one of early diagnostic markers for AIP.

15.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 890-898, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-304480

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the antitumor efficacy and mechanism of HSP90 inhibitor FW-04-806 against Bcr/Abl(+) leukemia K562 and HL60 cells and their mechanisms of action.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>MTT assay was used to assess the proliferation-inhibiting effect of FW-04-806. Cell cycle was analyzed with propidium iodide by flow cytometry. Cell apoptosis was determined using the FITC mV apoptosis detection kit. Western blot was applied to reveal the protein expression of related proliferative and apoptotic signaling pathways. The changes of mitochondrial membrane potential were detected by flow cytometry. Protein-protein interactions was shown by co-immunoprecipitation. The level of mRNA was assessed by real-time RT-PCR.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>FW-04-806 obviously inhibited cell proliferation in the HL60, K562 and HL60/Bcr-Abl cell lines, with an IC50 of (30.89 ± 0.12) µmol/L, (9.76 ± 0.19) µmol/L and (8.03 ± 0.26) µmol/L, respectively (P<0.001). Compared with the vehicle group, the two increasing doses of FW-04-806 showed inhibition of tumor growth at a rate of (17.40 ± 0.34)% and (34.33 ± 5.00)%, respectively, in the K562 cell line groups (P=0.003), and (18.90 ± 1.45)% and (35.60 ± 3.55)% (P=0.001) in the HL60/Bcr-Abl cell line groups. FW-04-806 dissociated Hsp90/Cdc37 chaperon/co-chaperon complex, followed by degradation of the Hsp90 proteins through proteasome pathway without affecting mRNA expression. FW-04-806 induced apoptosis and led to G2/M arrest.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Our findings indicate that FW-04-806 displays potential antitumor effect by suppressing the proliferation and apoptosis in Bcr/Abl(+) leukemia cells in vivo.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Apoptosis , Cell Cycle , Cell Proliferation , Fusion Proteins, bcr-abl , HL-60 Cells , HSP90 Heat-Shock Proteins , K562 Cells , Leukemia , Drug Therapy , Metabolism , Pathology , Membrane Potential, Mitochondrial , Oxazoles , Pharmacology , RNA, Messenger , Metabolism , Signal Transduction
16.
Journal of Medical Postgraduates ; (12): 1098-1101, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-481277

ABSTRACT

Sleep, learning and memory are all belonging to the brain essential functions .There is a long-standing standpoint that sleep supports memory consolidation which is convinced by many experiments .Sleep has a consolidation effect on memory and can help remolding short-term memory.Hence, researchers further discuss about the reciprocal relationships between sleep and learning and memory by establishing sleep-deprivation model .The present review focuses on the changes of neurotransmitters , immediate brain harm and gene related changes in order to discuss potential mechanisms underlying the reciprocal relationship between them .

17.
Chinese Journal of Digestion ; (12): 538-541, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-477188

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the reliability of Chinese simplified diagnostic method for acute drug‐induced liver injury (DILI) in diagnosis of acute DILI .Methods From 2008 to 2013 ,a total of 320 patients diagnosed with acute DILI were enrolled .The clinical data of them were collected .International recognized Roussel Uclaf causality assessment method (RUCAM ) was taken as control and then simplified diagnostic method for DILI in China was evaluated . Variance analysis was performed for statistical analysis .Gamma value of two diagnostic methods was calculated and the correlation was analyzed .Results Among the 320 patients with acute DILI ,according to RUCAM ,there were 39 cases (12 .19% ) with quite high probability ,193 with high probability (60 .31% ) ,74 with possibility (23 .12% ) ,11 with less possibility (3 .44% ) and three with no probability (0 .94% ) .According to simplified diagnostic method for acute DILI ,194 cases were diagnosed (60 .62% ) ,103 were suspicious (32 .19% ) and 23 were excluded (7 .19% ) .The RUCAM score of diagnosed group (7 .5 ± 1 .2) was higher than that of suspicious group (5 .3 ± 1 .3) and excluded group (2 .1 ± 1 .1) ,and the difference was statistically significant (F =239 .545 ,P< 0 .01) .The correlation analysis between these two diagnostic methods indicated that Gamma value was 0 .955 (P < 0 .01) .Conclusions The simplified diagnostic method for acute DILI in China is simple ,practical and consistent with RUCAM .It can be used as one of the clinical methods for screening acute DILI .

18.
International Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (6): 426-429, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-448150

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the clinical effects of combined therapy of Fuyuan Huoxue decoction and transcatheter hepatic arterial chemoembolization in the treatment of primary hepatic carcinoma. Methods 80 patients with primary hepatic carcinoma were randomly divided into a control group, treated by transcatheter hepatic arterial chemoembolization, and a treatment group, additionally treated by Fuyuan Huoxue decoction on the basis of the control group. By observing the change of gross tumor volume、tumor markers、clinical symptoms、Karnofsky Performance Status(KPS) score、quality of life and so on,compare the clinical effects and quality of life between the two groups. Results The effective rate of solid tumor was 47.50%and 35%in the treatment and the control group respectively, with no significant difference(χ2=-1.229, P>0.05);The total effect rate was 87.50%and 32.50%in the treatment and the control group respectively, with significant difference(χ2=-5.633, P0.05);The accumulated scores change of quality of life(QOL) has asignificant difference(χ2=-3.025, P<0.05) between the two groups after the treatment. Conclusion The combined therapy of Fuyuan Huoxue decoction and transcatheter hepatic arterial chemoembolization can alleviate the clinical symptoms, improve treatment effects and quality of life of patients with primary hepatic carcinoma.

19.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 1513-1520, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-460033

ABSTRACT

Aim To investigate the efficacy and mech-anism of FW-04-806 against HER2-positive gastric cancer cell lines,and the combination effect of FW-04-806 with lapatinib. Methods MTT assay was used to assess cell proliferous inhibition of FW-04-806 . The in-hibitory effect of colony formation was tested by colony formation. The protein expression, apoptotic induction and cell cycle arrest were detected by flow cytometry. Co-immunoprecipitation was used to investigate protein-protein interactions. The expression change of proteins was showed by immunohistochemistry. Western blot was applied to reveal the protein expression of related pro-liferous and apoptotic signaling pathway. The tumor growth inhibition was evaluated in tumor xenograft model. Results FW-04-806 obviously inhibited cell proliferation and colony formation in HER2 positive gastric cancer cell lines NCI-N87, OE19, with IC50 of (24. 17 ± 0. 02 ) , ( 29. 61 ± 0. 03 ) μmol · L-1 , re-spectively;FW-04-806 induced G2-M arrest and apop-tosis in a dose-dependent manner;200 mg · kg-1 of FW-04-806 showed tumor growth inhibition of 48. 0%( P < 0. 01 ) . In addition, FW-04-806 dissociated Hsp90/CDC37 complex, followed by degradation of HER2 and Akt,inhibiting the phosporylation of HER2, Akt and ERK, and increasing expression of apoptotic proteins,such as cleaved caspase-3 and cleaved parp. Furthermore,the combination of FW-04-806 with lapa-tinib in vitro was synergistic in NCI-N87 , which en-hanced the inhibition of cell proliferation and increased apoptotic rates. Conclusions FW-04-806 shows po-tent efficacy against HER2-positive gastric cancer cell lines in vitro and in vivo;FW-04-806 is synergistic with lapatinib.

20.
Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (24): 1401-1403, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-748599

ABSTRACT

Two 78-years old-old man and woman presented with thyroid tumor without a past history of chronic thyroiditis. Physical examinations showed touchable lumps in thyroid without other lymph nodes swelling or extra nodal lesions. Two cases both had thyroid function test, color Doppler ultrasound examination, computed tomography (CT) scan and fine needle aspiration (FNA) before surgery. The patients underwent partial thyroidectomy or subtotal thyroidectomy. Postoperative pathologic findings were consistent with malignant lymphoma. The diagnosis mainly relied on the postoperative pathologic findings.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Lymphoma , Thyroid Neoplasms
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