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1.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 265-267, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920630

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate mental health status and associated factors among middle school students from single parent families in urban Lishui, and to provide reference for mental health education for adolescents from single parent families.@*Methods@#In the urban area of Lishui City, a total of 160 middle school students from single parent families in four middle schools were selected by stratified random sampling, among 160 middle school students from two parent families were selected matched for class, gender, age and family background, and Mental Health Diagnostic Test Scale (MHT) was used for testing.@*Results@#In terms of allergy tendency, physical symptoms, phobic tendency and total anxiety detection, middle school students from single parent families were higher than those from two parent families, and the differences were statistically significant ( χ 2=5.70, 5.34, 6.84, 4.30, P <0.05). Among the 160 middle school students from single parent families, the detection rate of girls in learning anxiety, anxiety towards others, self blame tendency, allergic tendency, physical symptoms, terror tendency, impulsive tendency and total anxiety were higher than that of boys, and the differences were statistically significant. ( χ 2=12.26, 4.61, 7.34, 14.96, 20.53, 10.05, 16.19 , 9.39, P <0.05). Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that gender was positively associated with mental health of middle school students in singleparent families ( OR=4.25, 95%CI=1.87-7.02, P <0.05).@*Conclusion@#There are a higher prevalence of psychological problems among middle school students from single parent families in Lishui city, especially among girls, which warrents further psychosocial services including mental health education.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912716

ABSTRACT

Objective:To provide strategic suggestions for optimizing children′s diagnosis and treatment services in the communities, by means of analyzing the overall efficiency of children′s diagnosis and treatment services in the sample community health service centers, and learning the current input and output of children′s diagnosis and treatment resources.Methods:In April 2020, a total of 27 community health service centers in 14 cities were selected by random sampling. Data such as the number of medical visits by children aged 0 to 18 years and the area of pediatric diagnosis and treatment departments in the sample centers in 2019 were collected by self-filling questionnaires. Excel was used for data sorting. Data envelopment analysis(DEA) was used for data processing. The data processing tool was DEAP 2.1.Results:The average comprehensive efficiency, the average technical efficiency and the average scale efficiency of the 27 sample community health service centers were 0.445, 0.865 and 0.494 respectively. There were five DEA efficient centers, 4 DEA weak inefficiency centers and 18 inefficient centers. Six out of 18 DEA inefficient centers had redundant input of healthcare professionals capable pediatrics; 12 centers were short of children visits, and 15 were short of visits by children aged 0-6 years.The centers where DEA was inefficient were concentrated in the central region, the suburbs and " centers with independent pediatric clinics but without pediatric wards" .Conclusions:The comprehensive efficiency of children′s diagnosis and treatment services in the sample community health service centers is relatively low. Currently, the sample community health service centers are faced with such problems as small and insufficient input of children′s diagnosis and treatment resources in the community, unbalanced development of children′s diagnosis and treatment services in the region among others. It is suggested that on the basis of making full use of the existing resources to create the maximum output value, we should consider appropriately expanding the scale of resource input to improve the efficiency of children′s diagnosis and treatment services at the primary level and further give play to the value of the " gatekeepers" at the primary level in children′s diagnosis and treatment.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910800

ABSTRACT

Hypoxia is a common phenomenon of solid tumor, which is closely related to the malignant proliferation, tumor progression, radiotherapy and chemotherapy resistance, treatment failure, and poor prognosis. At present, many researches focus on the application of medical imaging and nuclear medicine methods in detecting the hypoxic areas of tumors. This article focuses on the detection of hypoxia microenvironment and the application of PET tracers in tumor hypoxia imaging.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885523

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the levels of periphreal blood free carnitine and amino acids in healthy pregnant women in the third trimester and their association with maternal, fetal, and neonatal cardiac function and structure.Methods:This prospective descriptive study included healthy singleton pregnancies who underwent routine obstetric examination and delivered in two district maternal and child health hospitals (one in the urban and one in the suburb an area) in Beijing from June 2017 to February 2018. All recruiters had serology Down's syndrome screening test at (18±1) gestational weeks. Besides measurement of amino acids and free carnitine levels in whole blood and urine samples by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry, all cases underwent maternal and fetal echocardiography at (35±1) weeks of gestation. And neonatal echocardiography was performed after delivery to assess the heart function and structure. Antenatal factors were also collected, including maternal education background, age at first marriage and conception, gravidity, and folic acid supplement in early pregnancy. Statistical analysis was performed using t-test, ANOVA, Chi-square test, Pearson correlation coefficient, and Kappa test. Results:A total of 493 mother-neonate dyads were enrolled in this study. Blood free carnitine levels in the healthy pregnant women in the third trimester ranged from 5.09 to 59.17 μmol/L (reference value: 10.00-50.00 μmol/L) with an average value of (13.03±3.87) μmol/L. None was found with structural abnormalities by cardiac ultrasound, showing an average left ventricular end diastolic diameter (LVEDD) and end systolic diameter (LVESD) of (45.70±3.08) mm and (29.17±3.12) mm, respectively, and left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) of all cases were over 55%. No cardiac malformation was detected by the third-trimester fetal echocardiography. The average birth weight of the 493 newborns was (3 340±313) g. Those whose birth weight <2 500 g and >4 000 g were accounted for 1.0% (5 cases) and 3.0% (15 cases) with the average maternal blood free carnitine level of (13.25±2.17) μmol/L (10.46-19.21 μmol/L) and (12.64±2.50) μmol/L (8.78-17.73 μmol/L) ( t=0.42, P>0.05). The average LVEDD and LVESD of the 493 newborns were (17.21±1.27) mm and (11.03±1.30) mm, respectively. For the 64 newborns (13.0%) whose LVEF<60%, the maternal blood free carnitine level was (12.93±2.78) μmol/L (7.34-22.13 μmol/L), showing no statistical difference ( t=-0.29, P>0.05) with those 59 neonates (12.0%) whose LVEF over 75% and maternal carnitine level of (13.09±3.24) μmol/L (8.66-27.49 μmol/L). All cases were divided into four groups based on the quartiles of maternal blood free carnitine level and no significant difference in maternal or neonatal LVEDD or LVEF was observed among these groups (all P>0.05). Conclusions:Blood free carnitine concentration in healthy pregnant women in the third trimester is at the lower limit of normal range, and no significant effect on maternal cardiac function and fetal cardiac structure is seen. However, the effect of low maternal carnitine level in the third trimester on children's myocardial function and whether carnitine should be supplemented in the third trimester are worthy of further investigation with larger sample size.

5.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 290-292, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882279

ABSTRACT

Objective:To improve the understanding of sporadic adult Burkitt lymphoma.Methods:The clinical data of a patient with sporadic adult Burkitt lymphoma who was admitted to the Affiliated Hospital of Chengde Medical College in August 2019 were retrospectively analyzed, and the relevant literature was reviewed.Results:The patient visited the clinic mainly for abdominal pain and abdominal distension, and the disease progressed rapidly. The early pathological examination of an ileocecal mass showed B-cell lymphoma, which was treated with R-CHOP regimen chemotherapy, and the mass disappeared immediately. The patient's symptoms were slightly improved, but the ascites was not significantly improved. The diagnosis of Burkitt lymphoma was confirmed by ascites test, and the treatment was adjusted to R-EPOCH regimen. The patient's condition was stable before the submission of this paper.Conclusion:Burkitt lymphoma is a highly aggressive malignancy, and cytological detection of serosal effusion is of important reference value in the diagnosis of Burkitt lymphoma.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-863709

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical application of Bushen-Jianpi-Huoxue Decoction combined with western medicine in the treatment of diabetes mellitus with osteoporosis. Methods:A total of 180 patients with diabetes mellitus complicated with osteoporosis in Pudong Hospital from November 2017 to June 2019 who met the inclusion criteria were divided into two groups according to the random number table method, with 90 patients in each group. The control group was treated with conventional western medicine, the study group was treated with Bushen-Jianpi-Huoxue Decoction on the basis of the control group, and both groups were treated for 3 months. The TCM symptom scores were performed before and after treatment. Fasting blood glucose (FPG) and serum calcium levels were determined by a fully automated biochemical analyzer, HbAlc levels were determined by glycosylated hemoglobin analyzer, and TNF-α, monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1), and insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) and Chemerin levels were determined by a double-antibody sandwich ELISA. Bone mineral density (BMD) was measured by dual-energy X-ray apparatus and clinical efficacy was evaluated. Results:The total effective rate of the study group was 95.6% (86/90), and that of the control group was 76.7% (69/90), where the difference between the two groups was statistically significant ( χ2=13.425, P<0.01). After treatment, the main symptom, secondary symptom and total score of the study group were significantly lower than those in the control group ( t=20.851, 15.365, 27.339, respectively, all Ps<0.01). After treatment, FPG and HbAlc in the study group were significantly lower than those in the control group ( t=5.287, 10.304, P<0.01), BMD and serum calcium were significantly higher than those in the control group ( t=3.644, 3.964, P<0.01). After treatment, the levels of serum TNF-α (6.30 ± 2.05 pg/m vs. 10.43 ± 3.26 pg/m, t=10.174), MCP-1 (324.38 ± 20.05 pg/ml vs. 411.14 ± 27.67 pg/ml, t=24.087), Chemerin (57.74 ± 8.35 ng/ml vs. 63.34 ± 10.64 ng/ml, t=3.928) in the study group were significantly lower than those in the control group ( P<0.01); IGF-1 (167.79 ± 11.31 μg/L vs. 142.21 ± 9.34 μg/L, t=16.544) were significantly higher than that of the control group ( P<0.01). Conclusions:Bushen-Jianpi-Huoxue Decoction combined with conventional western medicine therapy can improve the blood glucose level and BMD of patients with diabetes mellitus complicated with osteoporosis, and improve the clinical effect.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-821196

ABSTRACT

Objective To understand the spatial epidemic characteristics of hand-foot-mouth disease in Pudong New Area of Shanghai from 2015 to 2018, and to provide reference for prevention and control. Methods SPSS 21.0 software was used for statistical analysis of the reported incidence of hand-foot-mouth disease, ArcGIS 10.2 software was used to make geographic distribution map, and OpenGeoDa software was used to make spatial autocorrelation analysis. Results The global Moran's I autocorrelation coefficient of the reported incidence rate of hand-foot-mouth disease in various streets and towns in Pudong New Area of Shanghai was 0.38, which was statistically significant (P=0.001). Local spatial autocorrelation analysis found that 5 streets were in high-high area. Conclusion The geographical distribution of reported incidence of hand-foot-mouth disease in various streets and towns of Pudong New Area in Shanghai was spatially aggregated, and the reported incidence decreased from north to south.

8.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 840-847, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869037

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical effects of intermittent irrigation with povidone iodine for early postoperative infections of prosthetic joint.Methods:From September 2014 to September 2017, a total of 6 patients with early postoperative infections of prosthetic joint were analyzed retrospectively. They underwent one of three types of orthopedic surgery, namely femoral head replacement (FHR), total hip arthroplasty (THA) or total knee arthroplasty (TKA). These patients were treated with intermittent irrigation at the bedside instead of debridement. After extensive disinfection, the presence of pus and sinuses communicating with the prosthesis were detected with vascular forceps. Then, the specimens were taken for bacterial culture. Under the protection of the forceps, a needle was entered the joint cavity. Povidone iodine solution (50 g/L, 10 ml) was injected into the joint for irrigation. The intervention was repeated once every day. When the wound was fresh, no pus was observed with negative bacterial cultures for more than twice. The irrigation operation was stopped followed by dressing change until the wound heals. During the follow-up, six patients were observed for systemic and local infections, including body temperature, swelling, tenderness, fluctuations, exudation and sinus. At 1, 3, 6, 12 and 24 months after discharge, the routine blood tests, erythrocyte sedimentation rate, C-reactive protein, liver and kidney function were tested. X-rays of the affected joints were examined to record the signs of infection such as prosthesis subsidence, loosening, osteolysis, and periosteal reaction. Harris/KSS joint function score and visual analogue score (VAS) were used to evaluate the hip or knee joint function. The iatrogenic injuries and complications were also recorded.Results:The follow-up duration was 42.1±13.4 months (24-60 months). Each case has been irrigated for 12.7±5.7 times (6-18 times). At the last follow-up, all patients achieved satisfied incision healing. No swelling, exudation, systemic and local infection was observed without signs of infection such as osteolysis, loosening of prosthesis and periosteal reaction in radiographs. The VAS scores at 1, 3, 6, 12, 24 months after discharge were all lower than those at the preoperative (4.67±0.82) ( F=24.79, P<0.001). The Harris scores of the 5 hip patients at 1, 3, 6, 12, 24 months after discharge were 70.00±8.92, 76.40±7.23, 81.40±6.07, 82.80±4.87 and 83.20±5.07, respectively. No statistical difference was found between them ( P>0.05). However, they were all higher than the preoperative Harris score (22.40±12.74) ( F=43.74, P<0.001). In a patient with TKA, the knee function was significantly improved after discharge. Before surgery and 1, 3, 6, 12, 24 months after discharge, the KSS scores were 50, 75, 80, 88, 90 and 90 respectively. No iatrogenic injuries, serious complications such as deep vein thrombosis, pulmonary embolism, severe liver/kidney damage or deaths were observed. Conclusion:When debridement is contraindicated or refused by patients, intermittent irrigation with povidone iodine may be a treatment method for patients with early postoperative infections of prosthetic joint.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-804622

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To sequence the 3′UTR of enterovirus 71 strains, investigate its foundation and impact in virulence by constructing a 3′UTR-replaced recombinant cDNA infectious clone.@*Methods@#Viral RNA of EV-A71 isolated viruses were extracted, and the nucleotide analysis was performed after sequencing. The 3′UTR of a full-length infectious clone of SDLY107 strain was replaced by its corresponding part of SDLY1 strain, and then the recombinant virus was constructed and identified.@*Results@#The nine isolated strains were classified into sub-genotype C4a of enterovirus (EV)-A71 by analysis, and nucleotide sequence homology for 3′UTR were 94%-100%. 3′UTR of EV-A71 strains may be associated with its pathogenicity. Identification of the rescued virus by sequencing and indirect immunofluorescence confirmed the successful construction of infectious recombinant virus.@*Conclusions@#Sequence analysis indicated that the 3′UTR may be involved in the pathogenicity of EV-A71. The recombinant virus SDLY107(1-3′UTR) was rescued successfully. Our study may provide evidence for further research on the influence of 3′UTR on the virulence of enterovirus 71.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-756630

ABSTRACT

The healthcare-associated infections (HAI) cases monitoring system, automatic access to the medical record homepage and HAI early warning application of untreated early warning information interception and other means of information are introduced into the hospital. These means ensure the accuracy and integrity of the medical record homepage diagnostic and statistical data base information, and HAI consistency as well. Closed loop management of HAI cases provides accurate information for the hospital business intelligence platform, serving hospital administration and clinical management with accurate data. Hence precise decision-making basis can be provided for the improvement of medical quality of the hospital.

11.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 447-450, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-754333

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the risk factors affecting the death of peritoneal dialysis patients.Methods The clinical data of 275 patients with peritoneal dialysis who place a peritoneal catheter in the Department of Nephrology, First Affiliated Hospital of Guangxi Medical University and had regular peritoneal dialysis for more than 3 months from January 1,2005 to December 31,2015 were retrospectively analyzed.Sixty patients died in the observation group, and 215 patients who continued regular peritoneal dialysis were in the control group.Univariate analysis and two?class logistic regression analysis were used to analyze risk factors for death.Results The composition ratio of the primary disease to diabetic nephropathy in the death group and the control group was 15.0%(9/60) and 5.6%(12/215),respectively,the average age of patients entering peritoneal dialysis was ( 50.6 ± 14.3) years old and ( 45.7 ± 13.2) years old, respectively(t=-2.518),glomerular filtration rates were 6.0(4.5,9.4) and 5.1(4.2,6.6),respectively, blood potassium is (4.2±0.7) mmol/L and (4.5±0.7) mmol/L,respectively,serum creatinine was 721.0 (585.0,891.3) μmol/L and 847 (723.3,1 033.3) μmol/L,respectively,there were significant differences between the two groups ( t=2.14, all P<0.05).Logistic regression analysis indicated that the primary disease was diabetic nephropathy,and the age of admission to peritoneal dialysis,glomerular filtration rate, blood uric acid are risk factors for death in peritoneal dialysis patients.Conclusion Diabetic nephropathy, age,glomerular filtration rate,and blood uric acid level are independent risk factors for death in peritoneal dialysis patients.

12.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 944-946, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-754245

ABSTRACT

Type 2 diabetes mullitus is a clinical syndrome characterized by elevated plasma glucose caused by genetic and environmental factors.The basic pathophysiological mechanism is a metabolic disorder caused by defects in insulin secretion and/or insulin action.As a hormone that regulates the growth and basal metabolism of the body,thyroid hormone has a close relationship with type 2 diabetes.This article reviews the relationship between thyroid hormone levels and type 2 diabetes mullitus.

13.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 907-912, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-791248

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate efficacy of operation and non-operation treatment for hip fractures patients complicated with pulmonary embolism.Methods A retrospective case control study was conducted to analyze the clinical data of 18 hip fracture patients complicated with pulmonary embolism admitted to Dongyang People's Hospital from May 2017 to January 2019.There were 11 males and seven females,aged 59 to 96 years[(80.0 ± 9.3)years].There were 10 patients with intertrochanteric fractures,one with femoral subtrochanteric fracture and seven with femoral neck fractures.After diagnosis of pulmonary embolism,the patients were given anticoagulant therapy with low molecular weight heparin for at least one week.The re-examination showed that pulmonary embolism absorption improved and D-dimer did not increase.Eleven patients chose surgical treatment (operation group) with intramedullary nail internal fixation or artificial hip replacement.Seven patients chose non-surgical treatment (non-operation group) with skin traction.The Harris score of hip function was compared between the two groups.Visual analogue scale (VAS) was used to evaluate hip joint pain.At the last follow-up,fracture healing,prognosis of pulmonary embolism and mortality within 3 months were recorded.Results All the patients were followed up for 3-22 months [(11.2 ± 6.0) months].At last follow-up,the Harris score was (92.1 ± 2.2) points in the operation group and (28.8 ± 18.8) points in the non-operation group (P<0.01);the VAS was 0 point (0-1 point) in the operation group and 3 points (1-3 points) in the non-operation group (P < 0.01).At the last follow-up in the operation group,five patients obtained fracture healing after internal fixation,and among the six patients receiving artificial joint replacement,five patients recovered well except for one deceased patient.At the last follow-up,pulmonary embolism was absorbed and no recurrence of pulmonary embolism was found.None of the patients died within 3 months in operation group,while 14% of the patients (1/7) in the non-operation group died within 3 months.Conclusions For hip fracture patients complicated with pulmonary embolism,compared with non-operation treatment,operation treatment is more beneficial to restore hip function and relieve pain,with lower mortality rate within 3 months.Operation treatment is feasible for patients who showed improved absorption of pulmonary embolism and no secondary increase of D-dimer after one to two weeks of full anticoagulation treatment before operation.

14.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 1049-1056, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-816988

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To conduct sulfated modification of polysaccharide from Dictamnus dasycarpus (DDP-Ⅲ), and to compare structure characteristics and anti-psoriasis activity of DDP-Ⅲ before and after sulfated modification. METHODS: DDP-Ⅲ was separated and purified with DEAE-52 anion exchange cellulose column and Sephadex G-100 column. After derived with 1-phenyl-3-methyl-5-pyrazolone, HPLC was used to determine the composition of its monosaccharide. SDDP-Ⅲ was synthesized using esterification reagent (anhydrous pyridine+chlorosulfonic acid) to modify DDP-Ⅲ. The degree of sulfate substitution was determined by barium chloride-gelatin turbidimetric method. The structures were compared by IR, Raman spectrum and SEM before and after modification. The male ICR mice were randomly divided into normal group, model group, positive group (tripterygium glycosides, 20 mg/kg) and DDP-Ⅲ/SDDP-Ⅲ low-dose, medium-dose and high-dose groups (56, 112, 224 mg/kg). Except that normal group was given vaseline for external use, and other groups were given Imiquimod cream for external use to induce psoriasis model. At the same time, administration groups were given relevant medicine intragastrically 0.4 mL, and both normal group and model group were given constant volume of water intragastrically, once a day, for consecutive 14 d. Two hours after last medication, the serum contents of IL-17 and IL-23 were determined by ELISA. The skin scales near the tail were observed by HE staining, and the number of scales with granular layer was recorded. RESULTS: DDP-Ⅲ was composed of mannose, rhamnose, glucuronic acid, galacturonic acid and glucose. The degree of sulfate substitution was 0.65 for SDDP-Ⅲ. IR and Raman spectrum showed that the characteristic absorption peaks of sulfate radical group appeared near 1 255 cm-1 and 823 cm-1, 1 240 cm-1 and 815 cm-1 for SDDP-Ⅲ, except for same characteristic absorption peak as DDP-Ⅲ. SEM analysis showed that DDP-Ⅲ was flaky, smooth and tightly arranged; SDDP-Ⅲ was massive or granular with porous structure and loose arrangement. Animal experiment showed that compared with normal group, the epidermis of skin lesion was significantly thickened and the granular layer was significantly reduced; serum contents of IL-17 and IL-23 were increased significantly, while the number of scales with granular layer was decreased significantly (P<0.05 or P<0.01). Compared with model group, above symptoms of administration groups were improved to different extent, and serum contents of IL-17 and IL-23 in positive group, DDP-Ⅲ high-dose groups, SDDP-Ⅲ medium-dose and high-dose groups were decreased significantly; the number of scales with granular layer was increased significantly, and above indexes of SDDP-Ⅲ medium-dose and high-dose groups were significantly better than corresponding DDP-Ⅲ group (P<0.05 or P<0.01). CONCLUSIONS: DDP-Ⅲ contains five monosaccharide components such as mannose, etc. Both DDP-Ⅲ and SDDP-Ⅲ possess anti- psoriasis effects, and SDDP-Ⅲ exhibits stronger anti-psoriasis effect than DDP-Ⅲ. Its mechanism may be associated with inhibiting IL-23/IL-17 signaling pathway.

15.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 140-143, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-815715

ABSTRACT

Objective @#To explore the effects of“radiotherapy assistant”application on lung cancer patients who receive radiotherapy.@*Methods @#A total of 120 patients with lung cancer who received radiotherapy in Hangzhou Cancer Hospital from March to September 2017 were recruited and randomly divided into a control group and an experimental group. The patients in the control group received the routine health education,while the ones in the experimental group performed the“radiotherapy assistant”application focused on interactive guidance. Before and after the intervention,the scores of treatment-nursing compliance and self-management efficacy between the two groups were compared. @*Results @#After the intervention,the compliance scores of radiotherapy treatment,health behaviors,regular review,moderate exercise,medication and diets in the experimental group were 2.77±0.43,2.67±0.51,2.68±0.50,2.45±0.75,2.77±0.43 and 2.65±0.55;the ones in the control group were 2.62±0.49,2.42±0.59,2.55±0.50,2.37±0.64,2.67±0.48 and 2.37±0.69. The scores of the six items of compliance in the two groups were all improved compared to the ones before the intervention,but the interaction between the groups and intervention time was not statistically significant(P>0.05). The scores of positive attitude,self-decompression,self-decision and total self- management efficacy in the experimental group were 52.48±7.69,10.51±3.31,36.88±6.15 and 97.62±12.87,respectively;the ones in the control group were 37.38±10.44,5.70±1.51,27.58±9.41,and 92.17±11.19. The scores of the two groups were all improved compared to the ones before the intervention,and the ranges of the scores improved in the experimental group were wider than those in the control group.@*Conclusion @#The“radiotherapy assistant”application can significantly improve the self-management efficacy of patients who receive the lung cancer radiotherapy,but its effect on the improvement of treatment compliance requires long-term intervention to verify.

16.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 907-912, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-796376

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate efficacy of operation and non-operation treatment for hip fractures patients complicated with pulmonary embolism.@*Methods@#A retrospective case control study was conducted to analyze the clinical data of 18 hip fracture patients complicated with pulmonary embolism admitted to Dongyang People's Hospital from May 2017 to January 2019. There were 11 males and seven females, aged 59 to 96 years[(80.0±9.3)years]. There were 10 patients with intertrochanteric fractures, one with femoral subtrochanteric fracture and seven with femoral neck fractures. After diagnosis of pulmonary embolism, the patients were given anticoagulant therapy with low molecular weight heparin for at least one week. The re-examination showed that pulmonary embolism absorption improved and D-dimer did not increase. Eleven patients chose surgical treatment (operation group) with intramedullary nail internal fixation or artificial hip replacement. Seven patients chose non-surgical treatment (non-operation group) with skin traction. The Harris score of hip function was compared between the two groups. Visual analogue scale (VAS) was used to evaluate hip joint pain. At the last follow-up, fracture healing, prognosis of pulmonary embolism and mortality within 3 months were recorded.@*Results@#All the patients were followed up for 3-22 months [(11.2±6.0)months]. At last follow-up, the Harris score was (92.1±2.2)points in the operation group and (28.8±18.8)points in the non-operation group (P<0.01); the VAS was 0 point (0-1 point) in the operation group and 3 points (1-3 points) in the non-operation group (P<0.01). At the last follow-up in the operation group, five patients obtained fracture healing after internal fixation, and among the six patients receiving artificial joint replacement, five patients recovered well except for one deceased patient. At the last follow-up, pulmonary embolism was absorbed and no recurrence of pulmonary embolism was found. None of the patients died within 3 months in operation group, while 14% of the patients (1/7) in the non-operation group died within 3 months.@*Conclusions@#For hip fracture patients complicated with pulmonary embolism, compared with non-operation treatment, operation treatment is more beneficial to restore hip function and relieve pain, with lower mortality rate within 3 months. Operation treatment is feasible for patients who showed improved absorption of pulmonary embolism and no secondary increase of D-dimer after one to two weeks of full anticoagulation treatment before operation.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-807038

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the therapeutic effects of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) with FLAG sequential busulfan/cyclophosphamide(Bu/Cy) conditioning regimen for refractory/relapsed acute myeloid leukemia.@*Methods@#From February 2012 to June 2017, 21 patients with refractory/relapsed acute myeloid leukemia underwent allo-HSCT with FLAG sequential Bu/Cy conditioning regimen. Transplantation-related complications and clinical outcome were retrospectively analyzed.@*Results@#After conditioning, no hepatic veno-occlusive disease (VOD) and grade Ⅲ hemorrhagic cystitis occurred. 76.2% (16/21) patients had fever with 4 septicemia. One patient died of septic shock before engraftment. Twenty patients achieved neutrophil engraftment with a median time of 13 days (range, 10 to 21 days). Seventeen patients achieved platelet engraftment with a median time of 18 days (range, 9 to 25 days). The cumulative incidence of acute graft-versus-host disease (aGVHD) was 39.5%, and 3 patients developed grade Ⅲ-Ⅳ aGVHD. Of 19 patients who survived more than 100 days after transplantation, 4 had local chronic graft-versus-host disease (cGVHD). Of 21 patients, the median survival time was 15 months (range, 0.5 to 67 months) post-transplantation. Transplantation-related mortality rate was 28.7%. Leukemia relapse occurred in 4 patients with a median time of 4 months (range, 3 to 8 months) after transplantation. The cumulative relapse rate at 1 year was 21.4%. The 1-year and 3-year overall survival (OS) rates were 60.7% and 54.9% respectively. Log-rank analysis revealed that bone marrow blasts ≥ 20% or extramedullary leukemia before transplantation, poor platelet engraftment and grade Ⅲ-Ⅳ aGVHD were significantly related to shortened OS (P<0.05).@*Conclusions@#Allo-HSCT with FLAG sequential Bu/Cy conditioning regimen in patients with refractory/relapsed myeloid leukemia has acceptable transplantation-related risk and relapse rate. The 1-year and 3-year OS rates are comparable with those in remission patients.

18.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 476-479, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-806740

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To study the mutation of ENG, ACVRL1, and SMAD4 genes in one of a family of hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia (HHT) and explore its molecular pathogenesis. @*Methods@#A family spectrum of a patient with a clinical diagnosis of HHT was surveyed. Peripheral blood samples from proband and their eldest were collected, and ENG, ACVRL1 and SMAD4 gene analysis was performed by chip capture high-throughput sequencing. The mutation detected was verified by Sanger. @*Results@#9 of the 71 family members were diagnosed with HHT with the main manifestation of recurrent nasal bleeding. Genetic analysis showed that the proband and the eldest son of ENG gene exon 9 frameshift mutation: c.1502-1503insGG (p.Gly501GlyfsX18) , and mutations in ACVRL1 and SMAD4 genes were not detected. @*Conclusion@#The frameshift mutation c.1502-1503insGG (p.Gly501GlyfsX18) of the ENG gene is the genetic basis for the pathogenesis of this HHT family.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-805917

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the receptor binding specificity of VP8* protein of porcine P[19] rotaviruses (RVs) with oligosaccharides.@*Methods@#The porcine P[19] VP8* protein was expressed and purified. The receptor binding specificity of P[19] VP8* was analyzed by oligosaccharide binding and saliva binding assay.@*Results@#The P[19] VP8* protein showed significant binding to mucin cores, especially mucin core 2.@*Conclusions@#Mucin core 2 may be a potential receptor for the porcine P[19] RV, which provides certain basis for the study of virus infection mechanism and RV surveillance.

20.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 1916-1918, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-734051

ABSTRACT

Diabetic cardiomyopathy refers to the heart disease without coronary artery disease and hypertension,diabetic patients with ventricular dysfunction.The molecular mechanism of diabetic cardiomyopathy remains unclear.Protein and lipid kinase phosphoinositol 3-kinase (PI3Ks) are thought to regulate cardiac damage in diabetes mellitus.This article reviews the role of PI3K subtypes and downstream signal transduction in the pathogenesis of diabetic cardiomyopathy,including cardiac metabolic regulation,contractility,hypertrophy,cardiomyocyte death and inflammation.

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