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1.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 524-529, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909045

ABSTRACT

Objective:To screen differential metabolites and metabolic pathways which are related to knee osteoarthritis in rats, and to provide clues for further study of biomarkers of osteoarthritis.Methods:Sixty SPF male SD rats were divided into model and control groups according to their body weight (300 - 350 g) by random number table method, with 30 rats in each group. The experimental periods were 4, 8 and 12 weeks, each period included 10 rats in each group. The left knee joints of rats in the model group were operated by the modified Hulth method. After 5 d, rats in the model group were driven to move for 30 min every day. All rats were fed ordinary solid fodder and drank tap water. At the end of the experimental period, the knee joints and blood samples of rats were collected. Hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining was used to observe histopathological changes of knee joint, ultra-performance liquid chromatography quadrupole time-flight mass spectrometry (UPLC-Q-TOF-MS) was used to detect small molecule metabolites in serum, and multivariate statistical analysis and database comparison were used to screen the differential metabolites and related metabolic pathways associated with osteoarthritis.Results:In the model group, the articular cartilage of knee was thinned, the surface was roughness, defect or peeling, chondrocytes were degeneration, necrosis and deletion, and the lesions were aggravated with prolonged experimental period. A total of 11 serum differential metabolites related to osteoarthritis were screened out, including selenocysteine, 6-hydroxymelatonin, γ-glutamylcysteine, arachidonic acid, sphinganine, leukotriene A4, leukotriene B4, 11,12-epoxy-eicostrienoic acid (11,12-EpETrE), lysopc, ceramide and N-arachidonoyl glycine. Among them, 9 metabolites were screened out at 4 weeks, compared with the control group, 5 metabolites were increased and 4 metabolites were decreased in the model group; 8 metabolites were screened out at 8 weeks, compared with the control group, 2 metabolites were increased and 6 metabolites were decreased in the model group; 8 metabolites were screened out at 12 weeks, compared with the control group, 5 metabolites were increased and 3 metabolites were decreased in the model group. The most relevant metabolic pathways related to osteoarthritis were sphingolipid metabolic pathway and arachidonic acid metabolic pathway. Sphinganine and ceramide were belonged to sphingolipid metabolic pathway, whereas arachidonic acid, leukotriene A4 and leukotriene B4 were belonged to arachidonic acid metabolic pathway.Conclusions:The progression of osteoarthritis can affect the composition and level of serum metabolite profile. Eleven serum differential metabolites are involved in sphingolipid metabolic pathway and arachidonic acid metabolic pathway, which are related to the occurrence and development of osteoarthritis.

2.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 311-317, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883879

ABSTRACT

Objective:To systematically evaluate the predictive value of neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) in acute kidney injury (AKI).Methods:All studies about the predictive effect of NLR on AKI were searched in the National Medical Library of the United States PubMed Database, the Embase database in the Netherlands, the Chinese Biology Medicine disc (CBMdisc) and the Chinese Evidence Based Medicine Cochrane Centre Database (CEBM/CCD). The data updated by October 2020, and regardless of language, region or whether blind method was used. Two authors independently extracted data and evaluated the quality of the studies. Data extracted from the studies were analyzed with RevMan 5.3 to assess the predictive value of NLR on AKI. A subgroup Meta-analysis was conducted to assess the predictive value of NLR on AKI according to different countries, different disease types (cardiovascular surgery, infectious diseases, other diseases including burns, cirrhosis, and emergency), and different sample sizes (≤ 300 cases and > 300 cases). The publication bias of included studies about the predictive effect of NLR on AKI were assessed by funnel plots.Results:A total of 11 studies were included in this Meta-analysis, including 4 997 patients, 1 308 patients in AKI group, and 3 689 patients in non-AKI group. The Meta-analysis results showed that: increased NLR had predictive value for the occurrence of AKI [mean difference ( MD) = 2.73, 95% confidence interval (95% CI) was 1.78-3.68, P < 0.000 01]. Subgroup analysis showed that increased NLR had predictive value for the occurrence of AKI in patients from Southeast Asia ( MD = 4.04, 95% CI was 1.09-6.99, P = 0.007) and Eurasia ( MD = 2.51, 95% CI was 1.12-3.90, P = 0.000 4). Increased NLR had predictive value for the occurrence of AKI in patients undergoing cardiovascular surgery ( MD = 0.77, 95% CI was 0.34-1.20, P = 0.000 4), infectious diseases ( MD = 4.74, 95% CI was 1.51-7.96, P = 0.004) and other diseases ( MD = 8.53, 95% CI was 6.26-10.80, P<0.000 01). Increased NLR had predictive value for the occurrence of AKI in studies with a sample size of ≤ 300 cases ( MD = 6.02, 95% CI was 4.90-7.14, P <0.000 01) and > 300 cases ( MD = 1.32, 95% CI was 0.61-2.03, P = 0.000 3). There was no significant publication bias in the included studies assessed by funnel plots. Conclusion:NLR is an important predictive tool for AKI.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883563

ABSTRACT

Objective:To enable the low-seniority medical personnel having the ability of disposing of difficult airway properly by mastering the knowledge of basic airway management through Airway Management Simulation Training and using all kinds of airway treatment tools.Methods:The senior medical simulation training tutors were selected, and the Airway Management Simulation Training Project Team was formed to develop the training course. Through combination of video teaching and practice of simulated teaching forms, we taught 219 trainees the airway management training course. And the feasibility and effectiveness of the course were evaluated by KE's evaluation method.Results:The course of "oriental airway simulation training" was successfully developed, and the complete course package was delivered, including bilingual airway management trainee textbook, Airway Management Simulation Training tutor manual, standardized teaching video and so on. After this simulation training, students had a good grasp of airway management skills, and more than 90.86% of the students' skills assessment resulted in more than 80 points. The overall satisfaction of the students was more than 97%, and 99% participants said that the training helped them enhance their confidence in clinical treatment, and 98% participants said that the training should be promoted among medical staff.Conclusion:The course of "oriental airway simulation training" which is made up of the combination of airway technical training, correct clinical decision-making and reality simulation, has significantly improved the airway management skills, enhanced the self-confidence of low-seniority medical staffs and improved patients' safety.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883437

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the value of serum progranulin (PGRN)in the clinical diagnosis of adult sepsis patients.Methods:One hundred and eighty-seveninfection patients admitted to the intensive care unit(ICU) of Affiliated Dongfeng Hospital, Hubei University of Medicinewere divided into non-sepsis group(94 patients) and sepsis group (93 patients)according to the third international consensus definitions for sepsis and septic shock. Patients in the sepsis group were divided into two subgroups according to the degrees of infection: septic shock group (46 patients) and non-septic shock group (47 patients). The levels of serum PGRN, procalcitonin (PCT), C-reactive protein (CRP), interleukin-6 (IL-6), tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α) and lactic acid (Lac) were compared between the two groups and subgroups within 1 h into the ICU, as well as the acute physiology and chronic health evaluation Ⅱ(APACHE Ⅱ) and sequential organ failure assessment (SOFA) scores within 24 h into the ICU. Logistic regression model was used to analyze the relationship between PGRN and sepsis. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve of the subject was drawn. The diagnostic value of PGRN in sepsis was evaluated and compared with PCT, CRP, IL-6, TNF-α and Lac.Results:The levels of PGRN, PCT, CRP, IL-6, TNF-α, Lac and APACHEⅡ, SOFA scores in the sepsis group were higher than those in the non-sepsis group: (129.25 ± 17.81) μg/L vs. (43.17 ± 7.68) μg/L, (5.92 ± 0.82) μg/L vs. (1.34 ± 0.17) μg/L, (64.07 ± 10.51) mg/L vs. (37.18 ± 5.44) mg/L, (111.68 ± 13.17) ng/L vs. (32.41 ± 5.61) ng/L, (86.06 ± 12.19) ng/L vs. (46.44 ± 7.63) ng/L, (2.96 ± 0.45) mmol/L vs. (1.47 ± 0.22) mmol/L, (23.62 ± 4.24) scores vs. (11.74 ± 2.07) scores, (14.84 ± 2.42) scores vs. (1.36 ± 0.23) scores, and the differences were statistically significant ( P<0.05). The levels of PGRN, PCT, CRP, IL-6, TNF-α, Lac in the septic shock group were higher than those in non-septic shock group:(143.29 ± 13.54) μg/L vs. (116.59 ± 10.73) μg/L, (7.64 ± 1.17) μg/L vs. (4.24 ± 0.59) μg/L, (74.49 ± 10.46) mg/L vs. (53.89 ± 8.41) mg/L, (124.48 ± 14.37) ng/L vs.(99.16 ± 13.61) ng/L, (95.91 ± 14.75) ng/L vs. (76.42 ± 11.24) ng/L, (3.52 ± 0.46) mmol/L vs. (2.45 ± 0.39) mmol/L, and the differences were statistically significant ( P<0.05). Logistic regression analysis showed that SODA scores and serum PGRN, PCT, CRP, IL-6, Lac levels were independent risk factors for sepsis ( P<0.05). The ROC curve analysis showed that the area under the curve (AUC) of PGRN was higher than that of CRP, IL-6, TNF-α and Lac for predicting the occurrence of sepsis in infection patients ( P<0.05). The AUC of PGRN was higher than that of CRP, IL-6, TNF-α and Lac for predicting the occurrence of septic shock in infection patients ( P<0.05). Conclusions:The levels of serum PGRN is a good biomarker for the diagnosis of sepsis and could reflect the severity. It has certain clinical value.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882412

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the effect of shear stress on the expression of KLF2 and eNOS in venous endothelial cells under physiological and uremic conditions, and to explore the mechanism leading to dysfunction of venous endothelial cells.Methods:Under physiological conditions and uremia conditions, different shear stresses were simulated in the parallel plate flow cavity, and the shear stresses were applied to the venous endothelial cells of each group for 4, 12, and 24 hours. The expression of KLF2 and eNOS was detected by immunohistochemical fluorescent staining technique and real-time fluorescent quantitative PCR technique.Results:Under physiological conditions, KLF2 is obviously regulated by shear stresses. High-intensity shear stresses and physiological shear stresses will up-regulate the expression of KLF2, while low-intensity shear stresses and oscillating shear stresses will down-regulate the expression of KLF2. As the duration of action increases, the expression of KLF2 will also increase. In the state of uremia, the expression of KLF2 is significantly inhibited. Even if high shear stresses is applied, the level of KLF2 is not high-expressed as the physiological state. And under the action of low shear stresses and oscillating shear stresses, KLF2 expression is more significantly inhibited. KLF2 is mainly expressed in the nucleus. With the action of shear stresses, KLF2 is also expressed in the cytoplasm, while eNOS is mainly expressed in granular form in the cytoplasm and nucleus.Conclusions:After arteriovenous fistula operation, the expression of KLF2 and eNOS is inhibited under the action of multiple factors of uremia environment and oscillating shear stresses, which may be the main cause of the occurrence and development of venous endothelial cell dysfunction, intimal hyperplasia, and AVF failure.

7.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 575-580, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-866871

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the patient-ventilator interaction of neurally adjusted ventilatory assist (NAVA) in patients with severe neurological diseases.Methods:A prospective study was conducted. Sixteen severe neurological patients with tracheotomy admitted to neurosurgery intensive care unit (NSICU) of Yijishan Hospital of the First Affiliated Hospital of Wannan Medical College from September 2019 to February 2020 were enrolled. According to the random number table method, they were treated with pressure support ventilation (PSV) mode followed by NAVA mode or NAVA mode followed by PSV mode mechanical ventilation. Each mode was ventilated for 24 hours. The number of auto-triggering, ineffective trigger, double trigger, inspiratory trigger delay, premature cycling, late cycling, and patient-ventilator asynchronous time (inspiratory trigger delay time, premature cycling time, and late cycling time) within 1 minute were recorded every 8 hours for 3 minutes. The average number of asynchronies per minute, asynchrony index (AI), total AI, asynchrony time, arterial blood gas analysis, and coefficient variation (CV%) of respiratory mechanics parameters of each asynchrony type between the two modes were compared.Results:There were significant decrease in the number or AI of auto-triggering, ineffective trigger, inspiratory trigger delay, premature cycling, and late cycling with NAVA mode ventilation compared with PSV mode ventilation [auto-triggering times (times/min): 0.00 (0.00, 0.00) vs. 0.00 (0.00, 0.58), auto-triggering AI: 0.00 (0.00, 0.00) vs. 0.00 (0.00, 0.02), ineffective trigger times (times/min): 0.00 (0.00, 0.33) vs. 1.00 (0.33, 2.17), ineffective trigger AI: 0.00 (0.00, 0.02) vs. 0.05 (0.02, 0.09), inspiratory trigger delay times (times/min): 0.00 (0.00, 0.58) vs. 0.67 (0.33, 1.58), inspiratory trigger delay AI: 0.00 (0.00, 0.02) vs. 0.05 (0.02, 0.09), premature cycling times (times/min): 0.00 (0.00, 0.33) vs. 0.33 (0.08, 1.00), premature cycling AI: 0.00 (0.00, 0.01) vs. 0.02 (0.00, 0.05), late cycling times (times/min): 0.00 (0.00, 0.00) vs. 1.17 (0.00, 4.83), late cycling AI: 0.00 (0.00, 0.00) vs. 0.07 (0.00, 0.25), all P < 0.05]. But there was significant increase in the number or AI of double trigger with NAVA mode ventilation as compared with PSV mode ventilation [times (times/min): 1.00 (0.33, 2.00) vs. 0.00 (0.00, 0.00), AI: 0.04 (0.02, 0.11) vs. 0.00 (0.00, 0.00), both P < 0.05]. Total AI and incidence of total AI > 0.1 showed significant decrease during NAVA mode ventilation as compared with PSV mode ventilation [total AI: 0.08 (0.04, 0.14) vs. 0.22 (0.18, 0.46), incidence of total AI > 0.1: 37.50% (6/16) vs. 93.75% (15/16), both P < 0.01]. There was no significant difference in asynchronous time or arterial blood gas analysis between the two modes. There were significant increases in variances of peak airway pressure (Ppeak) and expiratory tidal volume (VTe) during NAVA mode ventilation as compared with PSV mode ventilation [Ppeak coefficient of variation (CV%): 11.25 (7.12, 15.17)% vs. 0.00 (0.00, 2.82)%, VTe CV%: (8.93±5.53)% vs. (4.71±2.61)%, both P < 0.05]. Conclusions:Compared with PSV mode, NAVA mode can reduce the occurrence of patient-ventilator asynchronous events, reduce the AI and the occurrence of serious patient-ventilator asynchronous events, so as to improve the patient-ventilator interaction. NAVA and PSV modes can achieve the same gas exchange effect. At the same time, NAVA mode has potential advantages in avoiding insufficient or excessive ventilation support, diaphragm protection and prevention of ventilator-induced lung injury.

8.
Chinese Journal of Digestion ; (12): 16-22, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-798916

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the correlation between the level of anti-mitochondrial antibody (AMA) and clinical indicators of first visited primary biliary cholangitis (PBC) patients with positive AMA.@*Methods@#From January 2013 to December 2016, the clinical data of 1 323 patients with positive AMA and/or AMA-M2 detected for the first time were collected through the Information System of Peking University People′s Hospital. Among them, 183 were detected by indirect immunofluorescence assay, 431 were measured by immunoblotting, and 709 were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Patients were divided into undiagnosed PBC group (non-PBC group, 973 cases) and newly diagnosed PBC group (new-PBC group, 350 cases including 268 cases of non-liver cirrhosis and 82 cases of liver cirrhosis); among 709 cases detected by ELISA, there were 567 cases in the non-PBC group and 142 cases in the new-PBC group (115 cases of non-liver cirrhosis PBC group and 27 cases of liver cirrhosis PBC group). Among 183 cases determined by indirect immunofluorescence assay, there were 118 cases in the non-PBC group and 65 cases in the new-PBC group. Among them 69 cases with low AMA titer (1∶40—1∶80) (53 cases of non-PBC group and 16 cases of new-PBC group), 95 cases with medium titer (1∶160—1∶320) (59 cases of non-PBC group and 36 cases of new-PBC group) and 19 cases with high titer (≥1∶640) (six cases of non-PBC group and 13 cases of new-PBC group). AMA levels among groups were compared, and its correlation with clinical serology and cirrhosis indicators of PBC including immunoglobulin (Ig)G, IgM, platelet, alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), γ-glutamyltranspeptadase (GGT), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), serum total protein, serum albumin, total bilirubin (TBil), total cholesterol (TC), and aspartate aminotransferase to platelet ratio index (APRI) and fibrosis (Fib-4) was analysed. Mann-Whitney U test, Kruskal-Wallis test, and linear regression analysis were performed for statistical analysis.@*Results@#By ELISA method, the median titer of AMA-M2 of 709 patients was 53 RU/mL, the serum AMA and AMA-M2 levels of new-PBC group were both higher than those of non-PBC group (1∶320 vs. 1∶80, 180 RU/mL vs. 47 RU/mL), and the differences were statistically significant (χ2 = 14.111, Z = -7.531, both P < 0.01). In non-PBC group, the AMA-M2 value was positively correlated with age, serum IgG, IgM, AST, GGT, ALP, serum total protein and TC, all of which were statistically significant (Rho = 0.114, 0.108, 0.337, 0.089, 0.197, 0.086, 0.121 and 0.073, all P<0.05). In new-PBC group, AMA-M2 value was positively correlated with age, IgM, serum total protein and TC, however was negatively correlated with platelet count, all of which were statistically significant (Rho = 0.218, 0.483, 0.230, 0.161, and -0.183, all P<0.05). The median values of serum AMA and AMA-M2 of PBC without liver cirrhosis group were both tended to be lower than those of PBC with liver cirrhosis (1∶160 vs. 1∶320; 174 RU/mL vs. 495 RU/mL), however the differences were not statistically significant (both P>0.05). AMA-M2 value of patients in PBC with liver cirrhosis group was positively correlated with IgM level (r = 0.38, P = 0.039), but was not correlated with APRI and Fib-4 (all P > 0.05). The median of AMA value of 183 patients who underwent indirect immunofluorescence test was 1∶160. In non-PBC group, the IgM levels of patients with low, medium and high AMA titers gradually increased (the median levels were 1.2, 1.7 and 1.8 g/L, respectively); in new-PBC group, the levels of IgM, GGT and ALP of patients with low, medium and high AMA titers gradually increased (median IgM levels were 1.5, 3.7 and 4.1 g/L, respectively; GGT levels were 144, 182 and 317 U/L, respectively; and ALP levels were 137, 168 and 221 U/L, respectively), and the differences were statistically significant (χ2 =6.260, 7.081, 8.030, 15.226, all P<0.05). In non-PBC group, the median level of serum AMA-M2 of men was lower than that of women (41 RU/L vs. 50 RU/L), and the difference was statistically significant (Z = -2.945, P = 0.003). In new-PBC group, the median level of serum AMA-M2 of men tended to be lower than that of women (113 RU/mL vs. 206 RU/mL), but the difference was not statistically significant (P=0.257).@*Conclusion@#Serum AMA level is correlated with many clinical parameters and may be related with the disease severity in patients with PBC.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-865919

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the digital network platform construction of morpghology of laboratory medicine and its effects on clinical teaching.Methods:Laboratory morphological inspection pictures of peripheral blood, bone marrow slices, urinary sediments, parasites, secretions, cavity effusion, medical microorganisms and chromosome specimens were collected to build a digital network platform for online learning, practical training, and examination by applying Authorware multimedia software, Access database, and Web interface. Afterwards thirty interns on laboratory medicine were randomized into two groups: traditional teaching group and software teaching group for morphological assay examination. The differences in theoretical scores, exam time, practical operation scores, and satisfaction rates between two groups were statistically analyzed by t test and Pearson Chi-square test using SPSS 13.0. Results:The software teaching group showed significantly higher theoretical and practical scores [(88.0 ± 6.4); (85.3 ± 7.1)] than traditional teaching group [(76.3±8.1); (80.3±7.9)] (both P=0.000 1), and its theoretical exam time [(93.7 ± 10.5) minutes] was significantly shorter than traditional teaching group [(115.8±16.2) minutes] ( P=0.033 8). The questionnaire survey results showed that software teaching group showed higher satisfaction rates in the aspect of teaching content systematization, diversity of teaching methods, clinical learning interest and fairness of assessment than traditional teaching group, with statistical significance ( P<0.05). Conclusion:The software teaching model could improve quality and efficiency in teaching morphological assay, enhance students' learning autonomy and professional skills, and provide a powerful platform to adapt to vocational innovation of laboratory medicine education.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-865611

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the efficacy of hysteroscopy combined with laparoscopy in the treatment of infertility caused by tubal obstruction (TO) and its effect on sex hormone levels.Methods:According to different surgical methods, 78 infertile patients caused by TO admitted from January 2017 to March 2019 in Zhejiang Xin′an International Hospital were divided into the treatment group (40 cases) and the control group (38 cases). The patients in the treatment group were treated with hysteroscopy combined with laparoscopy, and the patients in the control group were treated with hysteroscopy. The indicators related to the operation, unobstructed fallopian tube and pregnancy in 1 year in the two groups were compared. Serum sex hormones and stress response indicators were measured before and after the operation.Results:The operation time in the treatment group was (45.17 ± 8.76) min, which was significantly longer than that in the control group (34.01 ± 6.25) min, and the difference was statistically significant ( P<0.05). There was no significant differences in intraoperative blood loss, postoperative exhaust time, hospital stay and complication rate between the two groups ( P>0.05). After operation, the levels of serum estradiol (E 2), follicle stimulating hormone (FSH), luteinizing hormone (LH), cortisol (Cor) and hypersensitive C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) in the two groups increased significantly ( P< 0.05), while thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) levels decreased significantly ( P<0.05). After operation, the levels of Cor and hs-CRP in the treatment group were lower than those in the control group [(22.19 ± 7.32) mg/L vs.(33.05 ± 8.24) mg/L, (7.28 ± 2.63) mg/L vs. (11.89 ± 3.84)mg/L], while the levels of E 2, FSH, LH and TSH in the treatment group were higher than those in the control group [(181.48 ± 21.24) ng/L vs. (136.00 ± 19.56) ng/L, (30.51 ± 5.76) U/L vs. (24.84 ± 6.0) U/L, (34.62 ± 6.57) U/L vs. (29.37 ± 7.25) U/L, (3.12 ± 0.65) mU/L vs. (1.93 ± 0.54) mU/L], and the differences were statistically significant ( P<0.05). The rates of complete patency of fallopian tube and intrauterine pregnancy in 1 year in the treatment group were higher than those in the control group [92.50%(37/40) vs. 76.32%(29/38), 75.00%(30/40) vs. 52.63%(20/38)], and the differences were statistically significant ( P<0.05). Conclusions:Hysteroscopy combined with laparoscopy in the treatment of infertility caused by TO is effective, and can effectively promote the recanalization of fallopian tube, improve the level of sex hormones, reduce the stress response of patients and improve the pregnancy rate.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-865547

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the diagnostic and prognostic assessment value of serum interlukin(IL)-35 combined with Klotho protein in acute kidney injury(AKI) with sepsis.Methods:One hundred and seventy-five patients with sepsis admitted to Affliated Dongfeng Hospital, Hubei University of Medicine from January 2017 to May 2019 were enrolled and divide into AKI group(86 cases) and non-AKI group (89 cases) according to the standard of Kidney Disease Improving Global Outcomes (KIDGO) and groups were divided based on the prognosis of AKI clinical outcome. The levels of serum creatine (Scr), serum IL-35 and Klotho protein of different groups were compared. The receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC curve) of serum IL-35, Klotho protein and IL-35 combined with Klotho protein were drawn, and the value of serum IL-35, Klotho protein and IL-35 combined with Klotho protein in the diagnosis and prognosis prediction of sepsis AKI were evaluated.Results:The level of Scr in the AKI group was higher than that in the non-AKI group [(264.43 ± 67.86) μmol/L vs. (64.76 ± 22.41) μmol/L], while the levels of IL-35 and Klotho protein were lower than those in the non-AKI group [(69.37 ± 28.15)ng/L vs. (94.74 ± 35.32) ng/L, (142.31 ± 32.55) ng/L vs. (256.23 ± 36.25) ng/L], and the differences were statistically significant ( P<0.05). In the patients that had AKI, those who were in AKI phase one, without continuous renal dialysis or whose renal functions recovered at the end point had relatively lower Scr level and higher IL-35 and Klotho protein levels, and the differences were statistically significant ( P<0.05). The area under the curve (AUC) of AKI and staged AKI predicted by IL-35 combined with Klotho protein levels were 0.918 and 0.899 respectively, and the area under the curve (AUC) of continuous renal replacement therapy needed in the AKI patients and their renal function recovery predicted by IL-35 combined with Klotho protein levels were 0.954 and 0.950 respectively, all higher than the single indicator, and the differences were statistically significant ( P<0.05). Conclusions:IL-35 and Klotho protein levels are good biomarkers in diagnosing the patients′ sepsis complicated by AKI as well as the prognosis. The combination of the two index will further improve the prediction effect.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-863466

ABSTRACT

Circular RNA is a member of the non-coding RNA family and can participate in biological functions in many ways, such as cell proliferation, cell cycle, invasion and metastasis. Recent studies have shown that circular RNA can be involved in post transcriptional regulation by sponge miRNA and RNA binding proteins. Thus, it can affect DNA repair, apoptosis, proliferation, cell transport, and intracellular enzymes those mediate drug resistance, so as to play an important regulatory role in drug resistance. Moreover, it has been confirmed that interfering with the expression of circular RNA can improve the sensitivity of cancer to drugs, suggesting that circular RNA may provide a new target for the study of drug resistance of cancer.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880796

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of interleukin-17A (IL-17A) on chemosensitivity of ovarian cancer cells to cisplatin (DDP) and explore the mechanism in light of autophagy regulation.@*METHODS@#Ovarian cancer SKOV3 cells cultured @*RESULTS@#DDP increased the expression of IL-17RA in ovarian cancer SKOV3 cells. Treatment with IL-17A significantly reduced the susceptibility of SKOV3 cells to cisplatin-induced apoptosis (@*CONCLUSIONS@#IL-17A/IL-17RA can decrease chemosensitivity of SKOV3 cells to DDP by upregulating DDP-induced autophagy.


Subject(s)
Antineoplastic Agents/therapeutic use , Apoptosis/drug effects , Autophagy/drug effects , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation/drug effects , Cisplatin/pharmacology , Drug Resistance, Neoplasm/drug effects , Female , Humans , Interleukin-17/pharmacology , Ovarian Neoplasms/drug therapy , Receptors, Interleukin-17
14.
Chinese Journal of Digestion ; (12): 16-22, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871449

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the correlation between the level of anti-mitochondrial antibody (AMA) and clinical indicators of first visited primary biliary cholangitis (PBC) patients with positive AMA.Methods:From January 2013 to December 2016, the clinical data of 1 323 patients with positive AMA and/or AMA-M2 detected for the first time were collected through the Information System of Peking University People′s Hospital. Among them, 183 were detected by indirect immunofluorescence assay, 431 were measured by immunoblotting, and 709 were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Patients were divided into undiagnosed PBC group (non-PBC group, 973 cases) and newly diagnosed PBC group (new-PBC group, 350 cases including 268 cases of non-liver cirrhosis and 82 cases of liver cirrhosis); among 709 cases detected by ELISA, there were 567 cases in the non-PBC group and 142 cases in the new-PBC group (115 cases of non-liver cirrhosis PBC group and 27 cases of liver cirrhosis PBC group). Among 183 cases determined by indirect immunofluorescence assay, there were 118 cases in the non-PBC group and 65 cases in the new-PBC group. Among them 69 cases with low AMA titer (1∶40—1∶80) (53 cases of non-PBC group and 16 cases of new-PBC group), 95 cases with medium titer (1∶160—1∶320) (59 cases of non-PBC group and 36 cases of new-PBC group) and 19 cases with high titer (≥1∶640) (six cases of non-PBC group and 13 cases of new-PBC group). AMA levels among groups were compared, and its correlation with clinical serology and cirrhosis indicators of PBC including immunoglobulin (Ig)G, IgM, platelet, alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), γ-glutamyltranspeptadase (GGT), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), serum total protein, serum albumin, total bilirubin (TBil), total cholesterol (TC), and aspartate aminotransferase to platelet ratio index (APRI) and fibrosis (Fib-4) was analysed. Mann-Whitney U test, Kruskal-Wallis test, and linear regression analysis were performed for statistical analysis. Results:By ELISA method, the median titer of AMA-M2 of 709 patients was 53 RU/mL, the serum AMA and AMA-M2 levels of new-PBC group were both higher than those of non-PBC group (1∶320 vs. 1∶80, 180 RU/mL vs. 47 RU/mL), and the differences were statistically significant ( χ2 = 14.111, Z = -7.531, both P < 0.01). In non-PBC group, the AMA-M2 value was positively correlated with age, serum IgG, IgM, AST, GGT, ALP, serum total protein and TC, all of which were statistically significant ( Rho = 0.114, 0.108, 0.337, 0.089, 0.197, 0.086, 0.121 and 0.073, all P<0.05). In new-PBC group, AMA-M2 value was positively correlated with age, IgM, serum total protein and TC, however was negatively correlated with platelet count, all of which were statistically significant ( Rho = 0.218, 0.483, 0.230, 0.161, and -0.183, all P<0.05). The median values of serum AMA and AMA-M2 of PBC without liver cirrhosis group were both tended to be lower than those of PBC with liver cirrhosis (1∶160 vs. 1∶320; 174 RU/mL vs. 495 RU/mL), however the differences were not statistically significant (both P>0.05). AMA-M2 value of patients in PBC with liver cirrhosis group was positively correlated with IgM level ( r = 0.38, P = 0.039), but was not correlated with APRI and Fib-4 (all P > 0.05). The median of AMA value of 183 patients who underwent indirect immunofluorescence test was 1∶160. In non-PBC group, the IgM levels of patients with low, medium and high AMA titers gradually increased (the median levels were 1.2, 1.7 and 1.8 g/L, respectively); in new-PBC group, the levels of IgM, GGT and ALP of patients with low, medium and high AMA titers gradually increased (median IgM levels were 1.5, 3.7 and 4.1 g/L, respectively; GGT levels were 144, 182 and 317 U/L, respectively; and ALP levels were 137, 168 and 221 U/L, respectively), and the differences were statistically significant ( χ2 =6.260, 7.081, 8.030, 15.226, all P<0.05). In non-PBC group, the median level of serum AMA-M2 of men was lower than that of women (41 RU/L vs. 50 RU/L), and the difference was statistically significant ( Z = -2.945, P = 0.003). In new-PBC group, the median level of serum AMA-M2 of men tended to be lower than that of women (113 RU/mL vs. 206 RU/mL), but the difference was not statistically significant ( P=0.257). Conclusion:Serum AMA level is correlated with many clinical parameters and may be related with the disease severity in patients with PBC.

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Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 512-518, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870985

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Objective:To understand the current situation of vascular access selection in maintenance hemodialysis (MHD) patients in Shanxi Province, and analyze the factors affecting vascular access selection and risk factors of death in MHD patients.Methods:MHD patients with clear vascular access information in Shanxi Province from January 2014 to December 2018 were enrolled in this study. The clinical data of patients were collected. The vascular access information of the selected candidates was clear. Multivariate logistic regression equation method was used to analyze the influencing factors of vascular access and the risk factors of death in MHD patients.Results:Among the 10.236 patients with MHD, 9.130 patients (89.2%) selected autologous arteriovenous fistula (AVF) as vascular access, and 5.138 patients (50.2%) chose tunnel-free and non-polyester sheath central venous catheter (NCC) for the first dialysis. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that the primary disease of diabetic nephropathy ( OR=0.517, 95% CI 0.281-0.796, P<0.001) and dialysis age<1 year ( OR=0.483, 95% CI 0.219-0.811, P<0.001) were the influencing factors of patients with MHD who did not to choose AVF. Primary disease of diabetic nephropathy ( OR=2.242, 95% CI 1.816-2.828, P<0.001), and using of central vein catheter ( OR=1.785, 95% CI 1.237-2.579, P<0.001) were independent risk factors of death in MHD patients. Conclusions:AVF is the first choice for MHD patients in Shanxi Province. There is higher proportion of the use of NCC as the first dialysis vascular access. Primary disease of diabetic nephropathy and dialysis age<1 year are the influencing factors for MHD patients not to choose AVF. Primary disease of diabetic nephropathy and use of central vein catheter may increase the risk of death in MHD patients.

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Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 98-101, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870229

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A case of ichthyosis follicularis,alopecia and photophobia syndrome caused by a novel mutation c.1165C>T in the membrane-bound transcription factor protease site 2 (MBTPS2) gene was firstly reported.The proband presented with dry skin,congenital hairlessness,follicular keratotic papules,photophobia,epilepsy,and mental and motor retardation.Next-generation and Sanger sequencing analysis confirmed that the proband and his mother both had a c.1165C>T (p.pro389Ser) mutation in exon 9 of the MBTPS2 gene.According to the clinical manifestations of the patient and genetic characteristics of the MBTPS2 gene mutation,the patient was diagnosed with ichthyosis follicularis,alopecia and photophobia syndrome.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870091

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the glycemic profiles and emotion management in diabetic patients after the outbreak of novel coronavirus disease 2019(COVID-19).Methods:A questionnaire survey was used to observe the blood glucose levels and metabolic indexes before and after the outbreak of COVID-19, and to detect emotion ratings after the outbreak of COVID-19. The aim of the study is to present the effects of the COVID-19 on glycemic and emotional management in diabetic patients.Results:A total of 136 patients were included in this survey. The average age of the patients was 62.5 years old, and the average duration of diabetes was 10.1 years. Glycemic profiles(fasting blood glucose, 2 h postprandial blood glucose, HbA 1C), lipid profiles(triglycerides, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol), and body weight were not significantly different before and after the outbreak of COVID-19( P>0.05). According to emotional scales(scores of anxiety, depression, and sleep-related scales), 76.5% diabetic patients did not develop anxiety symptoms, 61.0%~69.9% diabetic patients did not have depressive symptoms and 52.0% diabetic patients did not have sleep disorder. 19.9% diabetic patients had mild anxiety symptoms, 25.7%~30.9% diabetic patients presented mild depression symptoms and 28.3% diabetic patients had mild sleep disorders. 2.9% diabetic patients had moderate anxiety, 2.2%~8.1% diabetic patients had moderate depression and 14.2% diabetic patients had moderate sleep disorder. Only a very small part of patients presented severe emotional symptoms including 0.7% patients with anxiety symptoms(GAD-7 15 points and above), 2.2% patients with depressive symptoms(PHQ9 and PHQ15 15 points and above)and 5.6% patients with sleep symptoms(PSQI 15 points and above). Compared with asymptomatic patients, neither patients with mild and moderate/severe depression and sleep disorder showed significant difference in HbA 1C, nor did patients with moderate/ severe anxiety symptoms. However, patients with mild anxiety symptoms showed significant lower HbA 1C than asymptomatic patients. Conclusion:After the outbreak of COVID-19, there was an increasing trend in blood glucose, but there was no statistical difference. Body weight, lipids profiles were not different in diabetic patients, either. Most of diabetic patients had mild symptoms of anxiety, depression and sleep disorders. Very few patients presented moderate to severe symptoms of anxiety, depression and sleep disorders.

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Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 288-292, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-744299

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the effect of excessive fluoride exposure on expression of tight junction protein zonula occludens-1 (ZO-1) in human vascular endothelial cells and to explore the mechanism.Methods Human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) were cultured in vitro.Group design was adopted.Groups of 0.0 (control group) and 0.4,0.8,1.2 mg/L fluoride treatment groups (low,medium and high dose groups) and insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) group [before adding 1.2 mg/L fluoride ion (F-),100 nmol/L of IGF-1 was added in advance for 2 hours] were set up respectively.Each group of cells was cultured for 24 h to extract cellular proteins.The expression of ZO-1,phosphatidylinositol kinase (PI3K),protein kinase B (AKT) and phosphorylated AKT (p-AKT)were detected and analyzed by Western blotting.Results The expression of intracellular ZO-1 (0.063 ± 0.002,0.043 ± 0.007,0.039 ± 0.004,0.028 ± 0.007) decreased obviously with gradual increase of F-concentration in cultural medium (F =21.36,P < 0.01).And the expressions of ZO-1 in all three fluorine groups were clearly lower than that in the control group (P < 0.05).At the same time,the expression of ZO-1 in high fluorine group was significantly lower than those in other fluorine groups (P < 0.05).There were significant differences in the expression of PI3K (0.032 ± 0.004,0.031 ± 0.002,0.017 ± 0.001,0.017 ± 0.005) and p-AKT/AKT (0.745 ± 0.046,0.806 ±0.007,0.666 ± 0.058,0.641 ± 0.040) among all groups (F =20.38,9.57,P < 0.01 or < 0.05).The expressions of PI3K and p-AKT/AKT in high fluorine group were obviously lower than those of control and mild fluorine groups,and p-AKT/AKT in moderate fluorine group was clearly lower than that of mild fluorine group (P < 0.05).After pretreatment with IGF-1,the expression of ZO-1 (0.055 ± 0.015) increased significantly compared to that of high fluorine group (P < 0.05).Conclusion Excessive fluoride exposure has decreased the expression of ZO-1 in HUVECs through the PI3K/AKT signaling pathway.

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Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 505-508, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-753536

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Osteoarthritis (OA) is a worldwide common and frequently-occurring disease,with increasing age of the population,the incidence of OA is also increasing;it is the leading cause of dyskinesia in the elderly and has become a serious public health problem.OA biomarker research is an important means to further explore its etiology,pathogenesis,early diagnosis and effective treatment of OA.Therefore,the authors reviewed the research status of the latest biomarkers and suspected biomarkers of OA in recent years.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-755887

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Objective To investigate the expression of Aspartate Beta-Hydroxylase (ASPH) in retroperitoneal liposarcoma (RL)and evaluate its clinical significances.Methods Relevant clinical data of 69 RL cases after surgical resection were collected.The expression of ASPH in tumor tissues was detected by immunohistochemistry.The CTL epitopes of ASPH protein HLA-A2 were predicted by SYFPEITHI and NetMHCpan software.Results The overall positive rate of ASPH expression for the whole group was 81%,that for well-differentiated liposarcoma was 73%,dedifferentiated liposarcoma was 87% (P < 0.05).ASPH expression was positively correlated with the postoperative recurrence free survival rate (P < 0.05).Five HLA-A2 restricted CTL epitopes (9 peptides) were screened with the method of motif prediction.Conclusions ASPH expression is positively correlated with the degree of malignancy of RL,and the ASPH expression is an independent risk factor for postoperative recurrence free survival rate of RL.Moreover,ASPH was found to have 5 HLA-A2 restricted CTL epitopes,which are expected to be used for the immunotherapy of RL.

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