Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 28
Filter
1.
Korean Journal of Radiology ; : 1081-1092, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1002404

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the incidence of microvascular myocardial ischemia in diabetic patients without obstructive coronary artery disease (CAD) and its relationship with angina. @*Materials and Methods@#Diabetic patients and an intermediate-to-high pretest probability of CAD were prospectively enrolled. Non-diabetic patients but with an intermediate-to-high pretest probability of CAD were retrospectively included as controls. The patients underwent dynamic computed tomography-myocardial perfusion imaging (CT-MPI) and coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA) to quantify coronary stenosis, myocardial blood flow (MBF), and extracellular volume (ECV). The proportion of patients with microvascular myocardial ischemia, defined as any myocardial segment with a mean MBF ≤ of 100 mL/min/100 mL, in patients without obstructive CAD (Coronary Artery Disease–Reporting and Data System [CAD-RADS] grade 0–2 on CCTA) was determined. Various quantitative parameters of the patients with and without diabetes without obstructive CAD were compared. Multivariable analysis was used to determine the association between microvascular myocardial ischemia and angina symptoms in diabetic patients without obstructive CAD. @*Results@#One hundred and fifty-two diabetic patients (mean age: 59.7 ± 10.7; 77 males) and 266 non-diabetic patients (62.0 ± 12.3; 167 males) were enrolled; CCTA revealed 113 and 155 patients without obstructive CAD, respectively. For patients without obstructive CAD, the mean global MBF was significantly lower for those with diabetes than for those without (152.8 mL/min/100 mL vs. 170.4 mL/min/100 mL, P < 0.001). The mean ECV was significantly higher for diabetic patients (27.2% vs. 25.8%, P = 0.009). Among the patients without obstructive CAD, the incidence of microvascular myocardial ischemia (36.3% [41/113] vs. 10.3% [16/155], P < 0.001) and interstitial fibrosis (69.9% [79/113] vs. 33.3% [8/24], P = 0.001) were significantly higher in diabetic patients than in the controls. The presence of microvascular myocardial ischemia was independently associated with angina symptoms (adjusted odds ratio = 3.439, P = 0.037) in diabetic patients but without obstructive CAD. @*Conclusion@#Dynamic CT-MPI + CCTA revealed a high incidence of microvascular myocardial ischemia in diabetic patients without obstructive CAD. Microvascular myocardial ischemia is strongly associated with angina.

2.
Korean Journal of Radiology ; : 97-105, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-875276

ABSTRACT

Objective@#The present study aimed to investigate the association between myocardial blood flow (MBF) quantified by dynamic CT myocardial perfusion imaging (CT-MPI) and the increments in heart rate (HR) after stress in patients without obstructive coronary artery disease. @*Materials and Methods@#We retrospectively included 204 subjects who underwent both dynamic CT-MPI and coronary CT angiography (CCTA). Patients with more than minimal coronary stenosis (diameter ≥ 25%), history of myocardial infarction/ revascularization, cardiomyopathy, and microvascular dysfunction were excluded. Global MBF at stress was measured using hybrid deconvolution and maximum slope model. Furthermore, the HR increments after stress were recorded. @*Results@#The median radiation dose of dynamic CT-MPI plus CCTA was 5.5 (4.5–6.8) mSv. The median global MBF of all subjects was 156.4 (139.8–180.4) mL/100 mL/min. In subjects with HR increment between 10 to 19 beats per minute (bpm), the global MBF was significantly lower than that of subjects with increment between 20 to 29 bpm (153.3 mL/100 mL/min vs. 171.3 mL/100 mL/min, p = 0.027). This difference became insignificant when the HR increment further increased to ≥ 30 bpm. @*Conclusion@#The global MBF value was associated with the extent of increase in HR after stress. Significantly higher global MBF was seen in subjects with HR increment of ≥ 20 bpm.

3.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 142-145, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862616

ABSTRACT

Abstract@#According to the Healthy China Action Plan, Wuhan gives full play to the role of preventing and controlling student myopia by promoting student health. The primary focus is placed on education in schools, and Wuhan has integrated educational resources to develop a multi-level myopia prevention and control system and service network for school students. The network contains educational adminstrative, schools, families, and professional technical service organizations. By integrating multiple disciplines, Wuhan has built a comprehensive vision health management service system for all students. The Internet and cloud intelligent monitoring facilitated the establishment of a smart vision health management platform for students, which thoroughly and efficiently implemented myopia prevention and control to safeguard students visual health by engaging in education, monitoring, and supervision. The prevention and control of student myopia is a breakthrough for comprehensive healthy development of students. A comparison of the standard myopia rate in Wuhan in 2019 and 2018 revealed that the standard myopia rate at different learning stages of primary school, junior high school, and high school dropped by 3.31, 2.50, and 2.26 percentage points, respectively, and the rate of myopia in primary school was significantly lower than the national level. Post-epidemic surveys showed that the compliance rate and the awareness rate of the visual environment and visual behaviors of primary and secondary school students in Wuhan reached more than 80%, and prevalence of newly onset myopia or decreased vision was 30%, which was lower than the national average. The "Wuhan Model" provides an important referential framework for public health services for school students.

4.
Korean Journal of Radiology ; : 1964-1973, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-918186

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the diagnostic performance of CT fractional flow reserve (CT-FFR) for myocardial bridging-related ischemia using dynamic CT myocardial perfusion imaging (CT-MPI) as a reference standard. @*Materials and Methods@#Dynamic CT-MPI and coronary CT angiography (CCTA) data obtained from 498 symptomatic patients were retrospectively reviewed. Seventy-five patients (mean age ± standard deviation, 62.7 ± 13.2 years; 48 males) who showed myocardial bridging in the left anterior descending artery without concomitant obstructive stenosis on the imaging were included. The change in CT-FFR across myocardial bridging (ΔCT-FFR, defined as the difference in CT-FFR values between the proximal and distal ends of the myocardial bridging) in different cardiac phases, as well as other anatomical parameters, were measured to evaluate their performance for diagnosing myocardial bridging-related myocardial ischemia using dynamic CT-MPI as the reference standard (myocardial blood flow < 100 mL/100 mL/min or myocardial blood flow ratio ≤ 0.8). @*Results@#ΔCT-FFRsystolic (ΔCT-FFR calculated in the best systolic phase) was higher in patients with vs. without myocardial bridging-related myocardial ischemia (median [interquartile range], 0.12 [0.08–0.17] vs. 0.04 [0.01–0.07], p < 0.001), while CT-FFR systolic (CT-FFR distal to the myocardial bridging calculated in the best systolic phase) was lower (0.85 [0.81–0.89] vs. 0.91 [0.88–0.96], p = 0.043). In contrast, ΔCT-FFRdiastolic (ΔCT-FFR calculated in the best diastolic phase) and CT-FFR diastolic (CT-FFR distal to the myocardial bridging calculated in the best diastolic phase) did not differ significantly. Receiver operating characteristic curve analysis showed that ΔCT-FFRBsystolic had largest area under the curve (0.822; 95% confidence interval, 0.717–0.901) for identifying myocardial bridging-related ischemia. ΔCT-FFRsystolic had the highest sensitivity (91.7%) and negative predictive value (NPV) (97.8%). ΔCT-FFRdiastolic had the highest specificity (85.7%) for diagnosing myocardial bridging-related ischemia. The positive predictive values of all CT-related parameters were low. @*Conclusion@#ΔCT-FFR systolic reliably excluded myocardial bridging-related ischemia with high sensitivity and NPV. Myocardial bridging showing positive CT-FFR results requires further evaluation.

5.
Gut and Liver ; : 232-247, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-833140

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#Studies have shown that nucleos(t)ide analogue (NA) treatment can reduce the risk of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in chronic hepatitis B (CHB) patients, but it is unclear which NA is most effective. We performed a meta-analysis and systematic review comparing the efficacies of NAs in CHB patients. @*Methods@#We searched literature databases for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and observational studies that analyzed the hepatic biochemical response, virological response, seroconversion rate, drug resistance rate, and HCC incidence rate in CHB patients treated with NAs. Meta-analyses were performed with RevMan and Stata/SE software. @*Results@#Twelve cohort studies and one RCT were selected, in which entecavir (ETV), lamivudine (LAM), telbivudine (LdT), and/or tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF) were evaluated in CHB patients. The meta-analysis showed that ETV was superior to LAM with regard to the HCC incidence (p<0.001), biochemical response (p=0.001), virological response (p=0.02), and drug resistance (p<0.001), and ETV was superior to LdT with regard to the virological response (p<0.001) and drug resistance (p<0.001). We found no significant difference between ETV and TDF with regard to the HCC incidence (p=0.08), biochemical response (p=0.39), virological response (p=0.31), serological conversion (p=0.38), or drug resistance (p=0.95). NA-treated patients with pre-existing cirrhosis had a 5.49 times greater incidence of HCC than those without cirrhosis (p<0.001). @*Conclusions@#ETV or TDF should be used for long-term first-line monotherapy in CHB patients according to the current guidelines. Standardized protocols are needed for future studies of ETV and TDF to facilitate conclusive comparisons. Patients with cirrhosis are at significantly elevated risk for HCC, despite the benefits of NA treatment.

6.
Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 745-748, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-796572

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the efficacy and safety of Posaconazole (Posa) in prophylaxis and salvage treatment of invasive fungal infections (IFI) during neutropenia in pediatric patients with leukemia.@*Methods@#A total of 18 pediatric patients (55 case-time) with leukemia in neutropenia stage receiving Posa treatment from December 2015 to August 2017 in Zhujiang Hospital of Southern Medical University, were analyzed retrospectively.Taking one induction chematherapy or one consolidation chemotherapy stage receiving Posa treatment was defined as 1 case-time.@*Results@#Out of 18 participants, 13 cases were patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and 5 cases were patients with acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL), including 36 males and 19 females.Median age of the participants was 7 years, ranged from 10 months to 14 years.Out of 55 case times, 45 of them were of primary prevention and the neutropenia periods ranged from 4 to 46 days, with the median of 15 days, and 93.33% of them were prevented from fungal infection.However, 3 of the 45 cases had sudden fungal infections and the Voriconazole was an effective treatment, and no one died.Six cases in this study experienced secondary prevention, and no patient experienced reinfection.The neutropenia terms of the 6 cases ranged from 10 to 17 days, with the median of 14 days.Four patients who suffered from Voriconazole and/or Carbophenol therapy failure received Posa as a rescue therapy and the response rate was 100%.None of patients had Posa intolerance due to severe adverse reaction and no Posa treatment-related grade Ⅱ toxic effects occurred.@*Conclusions@#Posa is an effective and safe therapy for pediatric patients with leukemia and IFI, and available for long-time usage.Serious adverse reaction is rare.

7.
Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 745-748, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-752292

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the efficacy and safety of Posaconazole (Posa) in prophylaxis and salvage treatment of invasive fungal infections (IFI) during neutropenia in pediatric patients with leukemia.Methods A total of 18 pediatric patients (55 case-time) with leukemia in neutropenia stage receiving Posa treatment from December 2015 to August 2017 in Zhujiang Hospital of Southern Medical University,were analyzed retrospectively.Taking one induction chematherapy or one consolidation chemotherapy stage receiving Posa treatment was defined as 1 case-time.Results Out of 18 participants,13 cases were patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and 5 cases were patients with acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL),including 36 males and 19 females.Median age of the participants was 7 years,ranged from 10 months to 14 years.Out of 55 case times,45 of them were of primary prevention and the neutropenia periods ranged from 4 to 46 days,with the median of 15 days,and 93.33% of them were prevented from fungal infection.However,3 of the 45 cases had sudden fungal infections and the Voriconazole was an effective treatment,and no one died.Six cases in this study experienced secondary prevention,and no patient experienced reinfection.The neutropenia terms of the 6 cases ranged from 10 to 17 days,with the median of 14 days.Four patients who suffered from Voriconazole and/or Carbophenol therapy failure received Posa as a rescue therapy and the response rate was 100%.None of patients had Posa intolerance due to severe adverse reaction and no Posa treatment-related grade Ⅱ toxic effects occurred.Conclusions Posa is an effective and safe therapy for pediatric patients with leukemia and IFI,and available for long-time usage.Serious adverse reaction is rare.

8.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 880-891, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771322

ABSTRACT

A simple, robust and highly sensitive TB-ARMS method based on qPCR technique was developed to detect kras mutations. The technique was evaluated, and its clinical application was investigated. Mutation specific primers for eight common kras mutations and wild type gene targeted blockers were designed and optimized. Moreover, a mutant-enriched condition was used in to improve the sensitivity and specificity of mutation detection. Constructed plasmids carrying mutant kras genes, as well as confirmed wild type genomic DNA, were used as standard samples for evaluation of the methodology. The performance of our new method was validated by comparing the results of our method with that of a commercial kras kit in testing 40 clinical samples. Preoperative plasma samples, as well as paired tissue samples, were tested in parallel for evaluation of its clinical application. We have developed a new TB-ARMS method for kras mutation detection that can detect minor mutant alleles with a frequency as low as 0.01% in a heterogeneous sample. We have successfully demonstrated its 0.01% detection sensitivity with highly specific mutant amplification in conjunction with selective wild type suppression by blocker under a mutant-enriched reaction condition. We also showed that our TB-ARMS method was more accurate than the commercial kras kit, which is widely used presently. Furthermore, we have validated our method as an efficient liquid biopsy method, and the results of the plasma DNA detection with our TB-ARMS method were in consistent with the sequencing results of paired tissue samples. In conclusion, our TB-ARMS qPCR method could be effectively applied in kras mutation test for clinical tissue samples, as well as for liquid biopsy samples such as plasma.


Subject(s)
Humans , DNA Primers , Diagnostic Techniques and Procedures , Mutation , Neoplasms , Diagnosis , Genetics , Proto-Oncogene Proteins p21(ras) , Genetics , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction
9.
Chinese Journal of Primary Medicine and Pharmacy ; (12): 431-435, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-744382

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the effect of long-term wearing of hard corneal contact lens and its effect on the stability of tear film.Methods From April 2016 to April 2017,150 patients of myopia in Yongkang Hospital were selected in this study and randomly divided into study group and control group,with 75 cases in each group.The patients in the study group wore hard corneal contact lens for a long time before operation,the patients in the control group had no hard corneal contact lens before operation.The basal tear secretion amount,tear film break-up time(TBUT) and the incidence of postoperative complications were compared between the two groups.Results One year after operation,the basal tear secretion amount of the study group [(11.1 ± 1.5) mL] was significantly lower than that of control group[(18.5 ± 3.2) mL] (t =12.235,P < 0.05).The TBUT of the study group [(15.8 ± 1.5) min] was significantly shorter than that of the control group [(25.1 ± 4.8) min] (t =11.935,P < 0.05).The incidence rates of dry eye,corneal staining in the study group were 22.7%,18.7%,respectively,which were significantly lower thanthose in the control group (33.3%,34.7%),there were statistically significant differences between the two groups (x2 =5.931,6.425,all P < 0.05).Conclusion Long-term wearing hard contact lens seriously affects the tear secretion and TBUT,and reduces the stability of tear film.Although the incidence of postoperative complications islow,tear film damage can not be avoided.In order to protect the stability of the tear film,the patients with myopia should try to avoid the wear of the hard corneal contact lens and choose to wear frame glasses.

10.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 106-111, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-710341

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the production of farnesol between Candida albicans (C.albicans) biofilms formed by resistant and standard strains in different media,and to investigate the changing trend of farnesol production in different phases of biofilm formation and the features of farnesol production by resistant C.albicans.Methods Fluconazole-resistant C.albicans strains were induced in vitro.Standard strains and fluconazole-resistant strains of C.albicans were separately inoculated onto different media,including RPMI 1640 medium,yeast extract peptone dextrose (YPD) medium,yeast nitrogen base (YNB) + 0.5% glucose medium,RPMI 1640 + 10% fetal calf serum (FCS),so as to form C.albicans biofilms.Morphological changes of C.albicans biofilms at 24 hours were observed under an inverted microscope,and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC/MS)was performed to detect the level of farnesol at 1.5,3,6,12,24,36 and 48 hours.Results There were no obvious differences in the morphology of C.albicans biofilms between the resistant and standard strains when they were cultured in the same medium,while the morphology of C.albicans biofilms markedly differed between the 2 kinds of strains in the different media.Three-factor analysis of variance showed that the production of farnesol in the C.albicans biofilms changed over time (F =70.628,P < 0.001).Concretely speaking,during the formation of resistant and standard C.albicans biofilms,the production of farnesol gradually increased in the RPMI 1640,YPD and YNB + 0.5% glucose media until the biofilms matured,then showed a decreasing trend.However,the time to peak levels of farnesol was different between the 2 kinds of strains in these media.Moreover,the levels of farnesol in the 2 kinds of strains both slowly increased in the RPMI 1640 + 10% FCS medium within 12-48 hours.Culture media also significantly affected the production of farnesol (F =176.665,P < 0.001),and the levels of farnesol in the resistant and standard C.albicans biofilms were both higher in the YNB + 0.5% glucose medium.When resistant and standard strains were separately cultured in the RPMI 1640 media and the YPD media,the level of farnesol was significantly higher in the resistant strains than in the standard stains (RPMI 1640 media at 36 hours:1.157 ± 0.064 vs.0.250 ± 0.075,P < 0.05;YPD media at 6 hours:0.262 ± 0.036 vs.0.055 ± 0.062,P < 0.05;YPD media at 12 hours:0.730 ± 0.030 vs.0.482 ± 0.024,P < 0.05).However,when they were separately cultured in the YNB + 0.5% glucose media,the farnesol level was significantly higher in the standard stains than in the resistant strains (36 hours:2.950 ± 0.677 vs.0.523 ± 0.266,P =0.020).Conclusion The media markedly affect the production of farnesol in the C.albicans biofilms,and there is a certain difference in the production of farnesol between resistant and standard C.albicans strains.

11.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 522-524, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-709297

ABSTRACT

Objectives To explore the correlation of the expression lcvel of Calpain-9 in gastric carcinoma with clinico pathological features and metastasis of gastric cancer.Methods The expression level of Calpain-9 in gastric carcinoma and matched para-cancerous normal mucosa tissues were detected by Western blotting and immunohistochemistry in 146 patients with gastric cancer respcctively.The relationship between the expression level of Calpain 9 and the various clinicopathological indexes was analyzed.Results The expression level of Calpain-9 was significantly lower in cancerous tissues than in matched para cancerous normal mucosa tissues (P < 0.05),with significantly different expression levels of Calpain-9 in different gastric cancerous histological differentiation degrees,different clinical stages,and with or without a lymph node metastasis(all P< 0.05).But no statistical difference was found in different sexes,different ages,different tumor sizes,with or without a distant metastasis (all P>0.05).The spearman's correlation analysis showed that thc expression level of Calpain-9 in gastric cancer was negatively correlated with lymph node metastasis (r=-0.3826,P<0.05).Conclusions The expression level of Calpain-9 in gastric cancer tissues is decreased,is negatively correlated with clinical stages,pathological differentiation,and cancerous lymph node metastasis.

12.
Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 747-751, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-610515

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the risk factors for childhood acute leukemia complicated with streptococcus mitis bacteriaemia and to explore a better therapeutic regimen of antibiotics.Methods Seventy-eight cases of childhood acute leukemia complicated with bacteriaemia hospitalized in Zhujiang Hospital of Southern Medical University from January 2012 to December 2016 were collected,among them there were 8 cases (10.26%) caused by streptococcus mitis.The susceptible factors,clinical manifestations,drug susceptibility,treatments and outcomes of 8 cases of streptococcus mitis bacteriaemia were summarized and analyzed.Results All of 8 cases were attacked during the agranulocytosis phase lasting for more than 1 week after chemotherapy for acute leukemia.Four cases of them had been exposed to the third-generation cephalosporins for more than 7 days,and 5 cases exposed to proton pump inhibitor (PPI) for more than 10 days.The incidence of remittent fever,shiver,stomatitis and pneumonia was 100.0% (8/8 cases),62.5% (5/8 cases),62.5% (5/8 cases) and 62.5% (5/8 cases),respectively.And severe pneumonia occurred at a rate of 37.5% (3/8 cases).The sensitivity to Linezolid,Vancomycin,Penicillin and Cefotaxime was 100.0%,100.0%,37.5% and 25.0%,respectively.Five of the 7 cases treated with Meropenem had a fever 3 days later and then they took Linezolid as a replacement according to the drug sensitivity.One case was treated with Cefoperazone-Sulbactam.The duration time of fever,positive blood culture,agranulocytosis and course of antibiotics therapy was 1-19 d(10.4 d on average),4-22 d(13.4 d on average),10-30 d (21.6 d on average),9-26 d (18.3 d on average),respectively.Among 3 patients with severe pneumonia,1 patient received the respirator assisted ventilation for 1 week.Conclusions Streptococcus mitis is one of the major causes of severe infection among children with acute leukemia.Agranulocytosis after chemotherapy,stomatitis,exposure to PPI and antibiotics may be the risk factors for streptococcus mitis infection.Fever,stomatitis,respiratory and digestive symptoms are the common clinical manifestations.Streptococcus mitis is resistant to Penicillin and Cefotaxime,but sensitive to Linezolid,which can shorten the course of infection and improve the outcomes.Thus,Linezolid may serve as an optional therapy for streptococcemia mitis bacteriaemia.

13.
Chinese Health Economics ; (12): 5-8, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-620755

ABSTRACT

The Pricing and Payment Regulation on Chinese Diagnosis Related Groups (C-DRG) was designed by National Health Development Research Center,directly under the leadership of Department of Finance,NHFPC (formerly Dept.of Planning and Finance,Ministry of Health),which organized a large study group consisted of nearly 1 000 experts since 2010.It introduced the general design of C-DRG and the principles and main points of applying C-DRG system,which could be referenced by all countries in carrying out the pricing and payment reform system.

14.
Chinese Medical Equipment Journal ; (6): 18-21, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-618929

ABSTRACT

Objective To develop a kind of rapid decompression equipment replacing the toughened glass simulating the state of aircraft cabin glass bursting on the fly.Methods The metallic membrane was used to isolate both chambers with different air pressures.The areas of decompression membrane and path were determined by calculating on the basis of aircraft decompression altitude,cabin pressure differential and decompression time.The structural strength was determined according to enduring force of the metallic membrane.The membrane was ejected by high pressure air using the ejection launch technology of aircraft missile.The result of simulating aircraft cabin glass bursting on the fly was achieved.Results The rapid decompression equipment ejected by air pressure in low-pressure chamber could achieve the state of simulating aircraft cabin glass bursting on the fly,and the best decompression time was 0.16 s.Conclusion The rapid decompression equipment ejected by air pressure accomplishes the decompression preparative in short time with easy operation,and can satisfy the desired requirements for the performance and precision.

15.
Medical Journal of Chinese People's Liberation Army ; (12): 70-75, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-618375

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the ear baric function between 4000m altitude chamber test with inhaling air and 6900m altitude chamber test with inhaling pure oxygen.Methods Eleven healthy male volunteers attended two tests as two groups by self-comparison. As the air group the volunteers inhaled air at 4000m, while as the pure oxygen group they inhaled pure oxygen at 6900m altitude, and the time interval between the two tests was more than two weeks. During the test, the volunteers breathed air or pure oxygen at random for 1h, and then were exposed at a speed of 20m/s to the target altitude for 5min. Hereafter they were sent back to the ground at the same speed. The changes of subjective symptoms, degree of tympanic congestion, acoustic immitance index and pure-tone auditory threshold were recorded before and after the test. The acoustic impedance index and pure-tone threshold were statistically analyzed.ResultsFour volunteers (4 ears) in air group and 7 volunteers (7 ears) in pure oxygen group reported ear pain in altitude chamber exposures, respectively. The pain-triggering altitude was higher in the pure oxygen group. Immediately after tests, there were 3 (3 ears) and 5 volunteers (5 ears) with Ⅲ degree congestion of the tympanic membrane in the two groups respectively. Four volunteers (6 ears) developed gradually aggravated hemorrhages after altitude exposure. And the tympanic membrane congestion difference between groups was statistically significant at 3 and 24h after tests (P<0.01). The type A tympanogram appeared in 11 (15 ears) and 11 (14 ears) volunteers respectively immediately after tests. The increase of static compliance value was significantly greater in pure oxygen group than in air group immediately after tests (P<0.05), the decrease of middle ear pressure was more significant in pure oxygen group than in air group at 3 and 24h after tests (P<0.05). Both the two altitude exposure tests resulted in eustachian tube dysfunction. At 3 and 24h after the tests, the increase of individual frequency pure-tone threshold was significantly higher in pure oxygen group than in air group (P<0.05).Conclusion Breathing pure oxygen and lifting height could increase the screening degree of ear baric function test in hypobaric chamber, and have greater influence on degree of tympanic congestion, acoustic immittance and pure-tone auditory threshold in 24 hours.

16.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 1260-1263, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-665621

ABSTRACT

Tracheal intubation is one of the most important emergency techniques, and it is a key and difficult point in advanced life support training for cardiopulmonary resuscitation. Our treatment is trying to combine standard video with visual laryngoscopes for tracheal intubation teaching. Firstly, the students watch the standard video. Then, the teacher shows how to perform a tracheal intubation by visual laryngo-scope. Finally, the students practice the intubation process on the simulation device. In this way, the teach-ing process is more intuitive, easier to be mastered, more normalized and repeatable. This method is worth to be promoted.

17.
Chinese Journal of Hospital Administration ; (12): 355-358, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-486818

ABSTRACT

Interpreted in the paper are the National Pricing Schedules for Medical Services(2012 Edition,the Schedulesfor short)and the policy cohesion,cautions in implementation and adj ustment strategies.The authors analyzed the following:1.Strict observation of the 9 360 ultimate items in the 2012 edition without any breakdown;2.Pricing by mainstream consumables and mainstream methodsin consideration of local specifics;3.Correct understanding of the services and pricing in view of local specifics;4.Scientific and reasonable pricing of the services,with due considerations for financial burden of the patients especially those poverty stricken;5 .Correct communication of the service pricing adj ustment extents;6 .Building of medical consumables inventory for provincial management of such consumables.These provide references for the localities in implementation of the 2012 edition.

18.
Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 1196-1200, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-497764

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the relationship between Methotrexate (MTX) and its cognitive dysfunction,and to explore the possible mechanism of neurotoxicity induced by MTX.Methods Thirty healthy male SD rats weighting 180-220 g were divided into 3 groups using random number table:control group,60 mg/kg MTX (MTX60) group and 100 mg/kg MTX (MTXt00) group,with 10 rats in each group.The rats in MTX60 group,MTX100 group received 60 mg/kg MTX and 100 mg/kg MTX,respectively.The rats in control group accepted the same volume of 9 g/L saline injection as MTX group.Spatial memory of rats was evaluated by using Morris water maze test at different time points after pretreatment with MTX.After the Morris water maze test,the hippocampus were harvested and the expressions of C/EBP homologous protein (CHOP),cysteinyl aspartate specific proteinase 12(caspase-12) and cleave cysteinyl aspartate specific proteinase 3 (cleaved caspase-3) were detected by using Western blot.Meanwhile,cell apoptosis and pathological change of hippocampal neurons were detected by terminal dexynucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP nick end labeling(TUNEL) assay and HE staining respectively.Results In the Morris water maze test,the time in platform quadrant of rats in MTX60 group and MTX100 group was shorter than that of rats in control group during probe training [(27.30 ±3.98) s and (21.63 ±4.22) s vs (33.30 ±6.31) s,F =13.94,P <0.05],and the time in target quadrant of MTX100 group was shorter than that of MTX60 group (P < 0.05).Compared with the control group,there were degenerated neurons in hippocampus cornu ammonis 1 (CA1) area in MTX60 group and MTX100 group.The number of TUNEL-positive cells of the hippocampus CA1 area increased significantly in MTX60 group and MTX100 group rats [(4.72 ±0.12)% and (9.12±0.12)% vs (1.11 ±0.49)%,F=95.272,P <0.05],and the TUNEL-positive cells of rats in MTX100 group were more than those of MTX60 group (P < 0.05).The expressions of CHOP,caspase-12 and cleaved caspase-3 also increased compared with the control group (CHOP:2.98 ±0.31 and 4.15 ±0.61 vs 0.38 ±0.12,F =232.74,P < 0.05;caspase-12:0.33 ±0.04 and 0.43 ±0.06 vs 0.14 ±0.02,F =120.70,P < 0.05;cleaved caspase-3:0.35 ± 0.04 and 0.44 ± 0.06 vs 0.05 ± 0.03,F =198.64,P < 0.05),and the protein expression levels of rats in MTX100 group were higher than MTX60 group (all P < 0.05).Conclusions MTX can induce cognitive impairment in rats,and endoplasmic reticulum stress mediated hippocampal neurons apoptosis may play an important role in the mechanism of MTX-induced cognitive impairment in rats.

19.
Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 400-404, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-266665

ABSTRACT

This research aims to construct a lentiviral expression vector carrying the extracelluar domain (ED) of human hepatocyte growth factor receptor (C-Met), and to express it in transfected 293T cells. The extracellular domain of C-Met was amplified by RT-PCR, ligated with lentiviral expression vector p RRL-CMV-ED, and then expressed in 293T cell line. The expressed protein was purified and identified by RT-PCR and Western blot. The enzyme digestion and sequence analysis showed that the lentiviral expression vector p RRL-CMV-ED was constructed correctly. The size of amplified genes was about 2 700 bp. The purified protein with Ni-affinity column was about 105 kD analyzed by SDS-PAGE. The Western blot and ELISA results showed that the expressed protein which could bind to HGF specifically was the extracelluar domain of human hepatocyte growth factor receptor. This research may lay a foundation for further study of anti-C-MET monoclonal antibody and neutralizing antibody.


Subject(s)
Humans , Genetic Vectors , HEK293 Cells , Lentivirus , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-met , Genetics , Metabolism , Transfection
20.
Chinese Health Economics ; (12): 61-62, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-454787

ABSTRACT

With the publish of National Medical Service Pricing Item Regulation(2012 edition), a new round of medical service items matching and pricing work across the country. Under the guidance of new pricing elements and pricing policy, to actively discuss on designing more scientific pricing method. Based on the field survey and qualitative interviews, several main pricing methods currently used in China were summarized to analyze the advantages and disadvantages of these methods.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL