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1.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 272-280, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994974

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the association of monocyte to lymphocyte ratio (MLR) with all-cause mortality and cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality in patients with continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD).Methods:It was a retrospective cohort study. The clinical data of 495 incident CAPD patients in the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University from January 1, 2013 to December 31, 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. The optimal cut-off value of baseline MLR was determined by the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve for predicting all-cause death in the first year of CAPD, and then the patients were divided into high MLR group and low MLR group. The differences of clinical data and laboratory tests were compared between the two groups. The endpoint events were death (all-cause death and CVD death), conversion to hemodialysis, conversion to kidney transplantation, or follow-up until March 31, 2020. The survival curve was drawn by the Kaplan-Meier method, and the Log-rank test was used to compare the survival difference between the two groups. A Cox regression model was established to analyze the relevant factors of all-cause mortality and CVD mortality in CAPD patients.Results:The study included 495 patients, with age of (43.79±12.16) years and 308 (62.22%) males. The median age of dialysis was 17(10, 30) months. By the end of follow-up, 61(12.32%) of 495 patients had died, 51(10.51%) had been converted to hemodialysis, and 28(5.66%) had been converted to kidney transplantation. Of the 61 patients who died, 36(59.02%) died of cardiovascular events. ROC curve analysis results showed that the optimal cut-off value was 38.24%, so there were 246 cases in the high MLR group (MLR>38.24%) and 249 cases in the low MLR group (MLR≤38.24%). The all-cause mortality rates were 6.83% in the low MLR group and 17.89% in the high MLR group, and the CVD mortality rates were 3.21% in the low MLR group and 11.38% in the high MLR group, respectively. The Kaplan-Meier survival curve showed that the survival rate of the low MLR group was significantly higher than that of the high MLR group (all-cause mortality, Log-rank χ2=18.369, P<0.001; CVD mortality, Log-rank χ2=16.142, P<0.001). Using all-cause death as the end event, the 1-year, 3-year and 5-year cumulative survival rates were 99.5%, 89.4% and 79.9%, respectively, with a median survival time of 64 months in the low MLR group. The 1-year, 3-year and 5-year cumulative survival rates were 95.0%, 68.3% and 49.6%, respectively, with a median survival time of 54 months in the high MLR group. Using CVD death as the end event, the 1-year, 3-year and 5-year cumulative survival rates were 99.5%, 95.2% and 91.2%, respectively, with a median survival time of 69 months in the low MLR group. The 1-year, 3-year, and 5-year cumulative survival rates were 97.8%, 78.6%, and 60.8%, respectively, with a median survival time of 60 months in the high MLR group. Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that MLR was independently associated with all-cause mortality ( HR=2.744, 95% CI 1.484-5.075, P=0.001) and CVD death ( HR=3.249, 95% CI 1.418- 7.443, P=0.005) in CAPD patients. According to the competing risk model analysis, MLR was still independently associated with all-cause mortality and CVD mortality in CAPD patients. Conclusion:MLR is associated with all-cause mortality and CVD mortality in CAPD patients, and can be used as a valuable indicator for judging the prognosis of CAPD patients.

2.
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 1170-1185, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010819

ABSTRACT

OX40 is a costimulatory receptor that is expressed primarily on activated CD4+, CD8+, and regulatory T cells. The ligation of OX40 to its sole ligand OX40L potentiates T cell expansion, differentiation, and activation and also promotes dendritic cells to mature to enhance their cytokine production. Therefore, the use of agonistic anti-OX40 antibodies for cancer immunotherapy has gained great interest. However, most of the agonistic anti-OX40 antibodies in the clinic are OX40L-competitive and show limited efficacy. Here, we discovered that BGB-A445, a non-ligand-competitive agonistic anti-OX40 antibody currently under clinical investigation, induced optimal T cell activation without impairing dendritic cell function. In addition, BGB-A445 dose-dependently and significantly depleted regulatory T cells in vitro and in vivo via antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity. In the MC38 syngeneic model established in humanized OX40 knock-in mice, BGB-A445 demonstrated robust and dose-dependent antitumor efficacy, whereas the ligand-competitive anti-OX40 antibody showed antitumor efficacy characterized by a hook effect. Furthermore, BGB-A445 demonstrated a strong combination antitumor effect with an anti-PD-1 antibody. Taken together, our findings show that BGB-A445, which does not block OX40-OX40L interaction in contrast to clinical-stage anti-OX40 antibodies, shows superior immune-stimulating effects and antitumor efficacy and thus warrants further clinical investigation.


Subject(s)
Mice , Animals , Receptors, Tumor Necrosis Factor/physiology , Receptors, OX40 , Membrane Glycoproteins , Ligands , Antibodies, Monoclonal/pharmacology , Antineoplastic Agents/pharmacology
3.
Chinese Journal of Blood Transfusion ; (12): 644-647, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1004226

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To investigate the situation of hepatitis E virus(HEV) infection among voluntary blood donors in Wuhan area and provide evidences for enhancing blood screening strategies. 【Methods】 HEV nucleic acid detection(NAT) was performed on blood samples from eligible blood donors in Wuhan from November to December 2020. The testing results were analyzed, and the blood donors with repeated reactive results were followed up to clarify the status of infection. 【Results】 Routine screening was performed on 17 409 blood samples from November to December 2020. A total of 17 322 blood samples of eligible blood donors were tested for HEV NAT, and one case of HEV RNA reactivity was detected. The results from the follow-ups showed that the blood donor should be in the window period of HEV seroconversion. The current HEV infection rate of voluntary blood donors in Wuhan arewas 0.058‰(1/17 322), which was lower than other domestic areas. 【Conclusion】 The current HEV infection rate of voluntary blood donors was at a relatively low prevalence level in Wuhan area. Selective blood screening strategies can be taken to further reduce potential risk of blood transfusion infection with hepatitis E virus.

4.
Chinese Journal of Blood Transfusion ; (12): 848-851, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1004179

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To investigate the prevalence and risk factor of hepatitis E virus(HEV) infection among blood donors in Wuhan. 【Methods】 A total of 1 302 serum samples (including 1 076 with normal ALT and 226 with elevated ALT) from blood donors were randomly collected from January to December 2021 in Wuhan Blood Center. Anti-HEV IgG, IgM and HEV antigen (Ag) were examined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The IgM or Ag positive and elevated ALT samples were subjected to real time-PCR to detect HEV RNA. Multivariable logistic regression modeling was used to examine the risk factors associated with HEV prevalence. 【Results】 Overall, the positive rates of anti-HEV IgG, IgM, and Ag were 16.44%, 1.0% and 0.08%, respectively. However, none of the serum samples were HEV RNA positive. The prevalence of anti-HEV IgG and anti-HEV IgM was similar in samples with increased ALT and normal ALT (IgG 13.72% vs 17.01%, P>0.05; IgM 1.33% vs 0.93%, P>0.05). Multivariate analysis revealed a strong statistical association between age and HEV IgG seroprevalence. The prevalence increased with increasing age, from 5.4% (18~25 years old) to 68.7%(the highest) in blood donors above 46 years (P<0.05). 【Conclusion】 HEV showed a seroprevalence among blood donors in Wuhan, some of whom were recent infections, suggesting a threat to the safety of blood transfusions. A low anti-HEV prevalence in young adults (18~25 years) is indicative of a susceptible population and implicates a higher risk of HEV infections in this age group in the future.

5.
Chinese Journal of Hospital Administration ; (12): 51-55, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934562

ABSTRACT

Infection prevention and control(hereinafter referred to as " infection control" )practitioners are the backbone of infection control teams of individual departments. Their capacity-building is key to improving the management efficiency at both hospital and department levels, which can effectively ensure medical safety. Since 2017, a tertiary traditional Chinese medicine hospital had scored desirable results based on the analysis of the problems existing in their capacity-building. In its explorations, the hospital attempted to improve the professional competency and management ability by the following measures. These measures included improving and standardizing the organization and management, establishing an on-the-job training system, formulating an annual management manual of department′s infection control teams, implementing a cross inspection system and patrol system of the practitioners during an epidemic, establishing an assessment and evaluation system and incentive mechanism, establishing infection control elite teams, and building a mode dominated by infection control doctors. These experiences can provide reference for optimizing the capacity building of the infection control practitioners.

6.
Chinese Journal of Microsurgery ; (6): 526-534, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912274

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the therapeutic effect of rat bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) transfected with recombinant rat platelet-derived growth factor BB (rrPDGF-BB) gene on the distraction osteogenesis.Methods:From October, 2019 to June, 2020, 48 batches of BMSCs were cultured from 48 young SD rats, 24 of which were transfected with rrPDGF-BB gene by lentivirus. Meanwhile, other 72 male adult SD rats were randomly selected to establish the right femoral distraction osteogenesis model. The rats were equally divided into 3 groups. PBS, BMSCs without intervention and BMSCs transfected with rrPDGF-BB gene were injected into the distraction space of each group of rats assigned as Blank group, Negative group and Experimental group, respectively. Results of the experiment were evaluated by means of imaging and immunohistochemistry. P<0.05 indicated a statistically significant difference. Results:The cultured BMSCs grew well. The expression of CD34(0.1%) and CD45(2.8%) in the third generation of BMSCs was low, and that of CD29 (95.1%) was high, which was consistent with the phenotype of BMSCs described in literatures. After transfection, the expression of green fluorescence gradually increased with the extension of transfection time, confirming the success of transfection. After 14 days, all rats reached the expected distance of distraction. The rats were observed at assigned time points in 2, 4 and 8 weeks. The photos of femur specimen showed that continuous callus could be seen in the experimental group, the hardness and colour were close to the normal bone tissue, and the activity of the distraction space was poor, which was lower than that of the blank group. X-ray examination showed that there were more new callus in the experimental group, and the bone marrow cavity was re-canalized earlier than that of the blank group; Micro-CT examination, in sagittal plane, showed that the distraction space of the experimental group healed well, the broken end was connected, and the recanalization of bone marrow cavity was earlier than that of the blank group; Micro-CT parameters of each group showed that trabecular thickness[(0.297±0.005) mm], trabecular number [(1.663±0.032) mm], bone volume fraction[(59.832±2.187)%] and bone mineral density[(0.586±0.014) g/cm 3] of the experimental group were the greatest, while trabecular separation[(0.399±0.051) mm] of the experimental group was the smallest. There was statistical difference between each group( P < 0.05); HE staining and VEGF immunohistochemistry showed that the vessels and chondrocytes formed earlier and were more in the experimental group than that in the blank group. In 8 weeks, the new callus joined into one piece under the microscope in the experimental group, and the bone marrow cavity was re-canalized with a large number of red blood cells. Conclusion:Studies have shown that BMSCs transfected with rrPDGF-BB gene can promote the formation of callus in the distraction area of rats, shorten the mineralisation time of new callus, and promote the maturation of new bone in the area of distraction osteogenesis.

7.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 429-434, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870977

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the prognosis of hemodialysis (HD) and peritoneal dialysis (PD) in end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients without diabetes mellitus and identify related influencing factors.Methods:Patients who started hemodialysis with an arteriovenous graft or fistula or PD in the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University from January 1, 2013 to February 1,2019 were included. They were followed up until May 1, 2019. The patients were divided into HD group and PD group according to the initial dialysis modality. Kaplan-Meier method was used to obtain survival curves, the Cox regression model was used to evaluate influence factors for survival rates, and the inverse probability of treatment weighting (IPTW) was used to eliminate influence of the confounders in the groups.Results:There were 371 patients with maintenance dialysis enrolled in this study, including 113 cases (30.5%) in HD group and 258 cases (69.5%) in PD group. At baseline, the scores of standard mean difference ( SMD) in age, body mass index (BMI), combined with cerebrovascular disease, Charlson comorbidity index (CCI), blood potassium, plasma albumin and hemoglobin between the two groups were greater than 0.1. The score of SMD decreased after IPTW, and the most data were less than 0.1, which meant that the balance had been reached between the two groups. The Kaplan-Meier survival curve showed that the cumulative survival rates had no significant difference for all-cause death before using IPTW between the two groups (Log-rank χ2=0.094, P=0.759). After adjusting for confounders with IPTW, the Kaplan-Meier survival curve showed that the cumulative survival rates still had no significant difference for all-cause death between the two groups (Log-rank χ2=2.090, P=0.150). Univariate Cox regression analysis showed that there was no significant difference between HD and PD on survival rates in ESRD patients without diabetes mellitus for all-cause death (PD/HD, HR=1.171, 95% CI 0.426-3.223, P=0.760). Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that there was no significant difference between HD and PD on survival rates in ESRD patients without diabetes mellitus (PD/HD, HR=1.460, 95% CI 0.515-4.144, P=0.477), and high plasma albumin ( HR=0.893, 95% CI 0.813-0.981, P=0.019) was an independent protective factor for survival in ESRD patients without diabetes mellitus. There was still no significant difference between HD and PD on survival rates in ESRD patients without diabetes mellitus after using IPTW (PD/HD, HR=1.842, 95% CI 0.514-6.604, P=0.348). Conclusion:The difference of cumulative survival rates between HD and PD is not significant in ESRD patients without diabetes mellitus.

8.
Chinese Journal of Hepatobiliary Surgery ; (12): 547-550, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868860

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the roles of tacrolimus pretreatment on hepatic ischemia reperfusion injury (IRI) and its possible mechanism in a rat autologous orthotopic liver transplantation (AOLT) model.Methods:For 24 specific pathogen free 8-10 week male Sprague Dawley rats (220-250g) were randomly and equally divided into three groups. The abdomen of sham-operated group was only opened and closed; the treatment with tacrolimus was administered via dorsal penile vein before the experiment in tacrolimus-pretreated group; the AOLT group and tacrolimus-pretreated group were set to construct the AOLT IRI rat models. The levels of ALT, AST, tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and interleukin-1 β (IL-1β) in serum were tested after the reperfusion. The change of liver structure was evaluated by H&E staining. The quantitative real-time PCR (RT-qPCR) and Western blot assay were used to test the mRNA and protein level of hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α) and heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1).Results:The levels of serum ALT (1 332.0±52.8) U/L and AST (2 472.0±257.8) U/L in the AOLT group were higher than the levels in the sham-operated group (65.0±17.4)U/L, (222.3±45.2) U/L and tacrolimus-pretreated group (789.9±54.0) U/L, (533.4±31.6) U/L. The differences were significant ( P<0.05). And in the tacrolimus-pretreated group there were less lesions in the liver than in the AOLT group. The serum level of TNF-α and IL-1β of the AOLT group were increased than the sham-operated group and tacrolimus-pretreated group, and the differences were significant ( P<0.05). Compared with the AOLT group, the expressions of HIF-1α and HO-1 were increased significantly after the tacrolimus pretreatment ( P<0.05). Conclusion:Tacrolimus pretreatment could reduce rats hepatic cold IRI by inducing the expressions of HIF-1α and HO-1, and inhibiting the production of inflammatory cytokines.

9.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 184-190, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-745963

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the incidence situation of metabolic syndrome (MS) in patients with continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD),and analyze the correlation between MS and prognosis of patients.Methods The patients who received peritoneal dialysis from June 1,2002 to April 30,2018 and followed up regularly were divided into MS group and non-MS group according to the diagnostic criteria of MS.Follow-up was until July 31,2018.The differences of clinical data,metabolic indexes and clinical outcomes between the two groups were compared.The survival rates of the two groups were compared by Kaplan-Meier survival curve,and the risk factors of all-cause death and cardiovascular disease (CVD) death were analyzed by Cox regression analysis.Results A total of 516 patients with CAPD were enrolled in this study,including 340 males (65.9%)and 176 females (34.1%).Their age was (47.29± 12.20) years.The median follow-up time was 20 (9,39) months.According to the diagnostic criteria of MS,the patients were divided into MS group (210 cases,40.7%) and non-MS group (306 cases,59.3%).At baseline,there was no significant difference in age,educational background,duration of peritoneal dialysis,smoking history and drinking history between the two groups (P > 0.05),but the patients in MS group were more exposed to high glucose peritoneal dialysate (P < 0.05).The body mass index (BMI),blood phosphorus,blood glucose,blood potassium,triglyceride,cholesterol and systolic blood pressure in MS group were significantly higher than those in non-MS group (all P < 0.05),and HDL-C level was significantly lower in MS group than in non-MS group (P < 0.05).There were no significant differences in other indicators between the two groups (P > 0.05).Kaplan-Meier survival curve showed that the cumulative survival rate in MS group was significantly lower than that in non-MS group,and the difference was statistically significant (Log-rank x2=14.87,P < 0.001).If CVD death was taken as the end event,the cumulative survival rate in the non-MS group was significantly higher than that in the MS group (Log-rank x2=14.49,P < 0.001).Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that MS and high 4 h dialysate creatinine/serum creatinine ratio (4hD/Pcr) were independent risk factor for all-cause death (HR=1.982,95%CI 1.240-3.168,P=0.004;HR=3.855,95%CI 1.306-11.381,P=0.015) and CVD death (HR=2.499,95%CI 1.444-4.324,P=0.001;HR=5.799,95% CI 1.658-20.278,P=0.006) in patients with CAPD.Conclusion The prevalence of MS in patients with CAPD is high,and MS and high 4hD/Pcr are independent risk factor for all-cause and CVD death in CAPD patients.They can be used as valuable indicators to predict the treatment outcomes and long-term prognosis of patients with CAPD.

10.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 1018-1021, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-797021

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the current status and related factors of influenza vaccination among health care workers (HCWs) in tertiary hospitals of Xining city after the implementation of the free influenza vaccination policy.@*Methods@#In August 2018, the cluster sampling method was used to select four medical institutions in Xining that had previously conducted investigations and interventions. All HCWs(excluding logistic staff) in each medical institution were included in the study. A total of 3 260 valid respondents were included. Questionnaires were used to collect the demographic characteristics, influenza and influenza vaccination awareness, implementation of free policy in the influenza epidemic season from 2017 to 2018, influenza vaccination status, awareness of influenza vaccination schedule and free policy. The multivariate logistic regression model was used to analyze related factors of influenza vaccination.@*Results@#The age of respondents was (31.41±5.00) years. The influenza vaccination rate was 6.80% (226/3 260) in 2017-2018 influenza epidemic season. After controlling for related factors, the awareness of the influenza vaccination schedule (OR=17.05, 95%CI: 5.86-49.59), vaccination frequency (OR=8.22, 95%CI: 2.98-22.61) and the free policy (OR=3.15, 95%CI: 1.49-6.67) had higher vaccination rate.@*Conclusion@#The influenza vaccination rate of HCWs in tertiary hospitals of Xining city was low. Increasing the awareness of the vaccination schedule, frequency and free policy may promote the influenza vaccination rate of HCWs.

11.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 273-277, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-744296

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the percentage of regulatory T cells (Treg) in peripheral blood lymphocytes of patients with chronic brucellosis and the percentage change before and after treatment of different regimens,and to analyze the influence of Treg cell-induced immunosuppression on the therapeutic effect of chronic stage brucellosis.Methods Using case-control study,35 patients with chronic brucellosis who were hospitalized in Heilongjiang General Hospital of Agriculture Bureau [28 males,7 females,aged (45.37 ± 20.16) years old] were selected as case group.According to the treatment regimen,they were divided into standard treatment group (15 cases) and immune enhancer group (20 cases),the treatment was 20 d;30 cases of in-hospital health examinations were selected [16 males and 14 females,aged (35.53 ± 11.38) years old] as control group.Peripheral blood sample of the subject was collected before and after the treatment,the Treg cells as a percentage in peripheral blood lymphocytes were detected by flow cytometry.And the percentage change of Treg cells of brucellosis patients who underwent different treatment regimens was analyzed.Results Before treatment,the percentage of Treg cells in peripheral blood lymphocytes of the control group,the standard therapy and the immune enhancer groups [(1.69 ± 0.38)%,(3.12 ± 0.86)%,(3.05 ± 1.07)%] was significantly different (F =25.89,P < 0.05);compared with the control group,the percentage of Treg cells in the peripheral blood lymphocytes of the standard treatment group and the immune enhancer group increased (P < 0.05);there was no significant difference between the standard treatment group and the immune enhancer group (P > 0.05).After treatment,the percentage of Treg cells in peripheral blood lymphocytes of the control group,the standard therapy and the immune enhancer groups [(1.69 ± 0.38)%,(3.06 ± 0.76)%,(2.85 ± 0.89)%] was significantly different (F =30.84,P < 0.05);compared with the control group,the percentage of Treg cells in the peripheral blood lymphocytes of the standard treatment group and the immune enhancer group increased (P < 0.05);there was no significant difference between the standard treatment group and the immune enhancer group (P > 0.05),and compared with the same group before the treatment,respectively,the differences were not statistically significant (P > 0.05).Conclusions The percentages of Treg cells in peripheral blood lymphocytes of the chronic brucellosis patient are not significantly changed before and after different treatment regimens.It suggests that the immunesuppression induced by Treg cells may be one of the reasons why the host organism cannot effectively remove residual Brucella in the body,which leads to chronic infection.

12.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 1066-1070, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-738098

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the influenza vaccination and its influencing factors among the clinical staff in Xining,Qinghai province,in the 2016-2017 influenza season,and to explore the promoting strategies to encourage the target population for influenza vaccination.Methods Four sample hospitals were randomly selected from the total 11 tertiary hospitals in Xining city.Clinical staff that worked in the four hospitals and agreed to participate were recruited for investigation via a self-administered questionnaire.Results During the 2016-2017 influenza season,the coverage rate of influenza vaccines among the clinical staff was 5.14% (95% CI:4.80%-5.49%).Multivariate logistic regression showed that knowing the priority of vaccination,the frequency of vaccination,effect of vaccination,and possessing higher professional qualifications were major influencing factors for influenza vaccination.The intention on recommendation of seasonal influenza vaccine was higher in vaccinated group than that in the unvaccinated group (x2=99.57,P<0.001).Conclusion The lower coverage rate was primarily associated with the lack of knowledge about influenza vaccine among the clinical staff of the hospital.Tailored information should be provided to the clinical staff through effective methods to improve vaccination and the recommendation of influenza vaccine.

13.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 1066-1070, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-736630

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the influenza vaccination and its influencing factors among the clinical staff in Xining,Qinghai province,in the 2016-2017 influenza season,and to explore the promoting strategies to encourage the target population for influenza vaccination.Methods Four sample hospitals were randomly selected from the total 11 tertiary hospitals in Xining city.Clinical staff that worked in the four hospitals and agreed to participate were recruited for investigation via a self-administered questionnaire.Results During the 2016-2017 influenza season,the coverage rate of influenza vaccines among the clinical staff was 5.14% (95% CI:4.80%-5.49%).Multivariate logistic regression showed that knowing the priority of vaccination,the frequency of vaccination,effect of vaccination,and possessing higher professional qualifications were major influencing factors for influenza vaccination.The intention on recommendation of seasonal influenza vaccine was higher in vaccinated group than that in the unvaccinated group (x2=99.57,P<0.001).Conclusion The lower coverage rate was primarily associated with the lack of knowledge about influenza vaccine among the clinical staff of the hospital.Tailored information should be provided to the clinical staff through effective methods to improve vaccination and the recommendation of influenza vaccine.

14.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 232-238, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-806261

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To determine the morbidity of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia 2+ (CIN2+ ) and CIN3+ of different human papillomavirus(HPV) subtype infection combined with different cytology status.@*Methods@#The Shenzhen Cervical Cancer Screening Trial Ⅰ & Ⅱ (SHENCCASTⅠ&Ⅱ) are population-based cross-sectional cervical cancer screening studis conducted in Shenzhen and surrounding area from 2008 to 2010. A total of 12 097 women who aged 25-59 years were included in the analysis. All of these women were detected by liquid-based cytology test and several high-risk HPV-DNA tests. The ones with HPV positive or atypical squamous cells of undetermined sign (ASC-US) were sequentially conducted by cervical biopsy vaginoscopy. Finally, 10 805 samples with complete data of hybrid capture 2(HC2), the polymerase chain reaction-based matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight assay (MALDI-TOF), HPV genotyping detection, cytology and pathology results were analyzed.@*Results@#The top 6 infection rates of HR-HPV in CIN2+ and CIN3+ were HPV16, HPV52, HPV58, HPV33, HPV31, HPV18. The highest constituent ratio of cytology in CIN2+ and CIN3+ was high grade squamous intraepithelial lesion(HSIL). The morbidities of CIN2+ of patients infected with HPV16, HPV31, HPV58, HPV33, HPV18, HPV52 were 41.3%, 31.5%, 30.6%, 28.7%, 28.2%, 17.7%, respectively, while the morbidities of CIN3+ of those were 33.5%, 20.5%, 19.4%, 15.7%, 19.2%, 8.3%, respectively.The morbidities of CIN2+ in negative intraepithelial lesion or malignancy (NILM), ASC-US, low grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (LSIL), atypical squamous cell cannot exclude high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (ASC-H), high grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (HSIL), atypical glandular cell (AGC) samples were 0.4%, 6.9%, 11.1%, 36.4%, 82.0%, 16.7%, respectively, while the morbidities of CIN3+ of those were 0.2%, 3.1%, 4.2%, 22.7%, 64.8%, 0.0%, respectively. The morbidities of CIN2+ in NILM combined with HPV16, HPV18, HPV31, HPV33 infection were 12.6%, 13.3%, 15.8% and 11.5%, respectively, while the morbidities of CIN3+ of those were 10.3%, 11.1%, 7.9% and 7.7%, respectively.The morbidities of CIN2+ and CIN3+ in ASC-US combining with hrHPV infection were high, and the top 6 subtypes associated with high risk of CIN2+ were HPV31 (35.7%), HPV33 (26.9%), HPV16 (26.5%), HPV58 (22.4%), HPV52 (18.6%), HPV68 (15.4%), while those associated with high risk of CIN3+ were HPV16 (20.4%), HPV31 (14.3%), HPV33 (11.5%), HPV58 (8.6%), HPV68 (7.7%), HPV52 (5.8%).@*Conclusions@#Cytology combined with HPV genotyping detection can more effectively estimate the morbidity risks of CIN2+ and CIN3+ . Both high prevalence rates and high risks associated with CIN2+ and CIN3+ of HPV31, HPV33, HPV52 and HPV58 are observed. NILM and ASC-US status combined with these subtypes mentioned above are advised to be conducted by colposcopy.

15.
Chinese Journal of Nursing ; (12): 190-194, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-708718

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the characteristics of cognitive impairment and its influential factors in young and middle-aged hospitalized patients with T2DM.Methods Totally 140 young and middle-aged T2DM patients were recruited in 4 hospitals using convenience sampling method and were evaluated by Montreal Cognitive Assessment Scale (MoCA).Results The prevalence of cognitive impairment in 140 young and middle-aged T2DM patients in this study was 37.9%.The delayed memory (85.0%) was most common,followed by language(73.6%),and impaired visuospatial and executive function(50.7%).Attention,abstraction,and orientation were rarely affected,and naming was not impaired.Logistic regression showed that older individuals,women,poor blood glucose control could be important independent risk factors for cognitive impairment in young and middle-aged T2DM patients.Conclusion The prevalence of cognitive impairment in young and middle-aged T2DM patients was relatively high,and the delayed recall was mostly common.The older individuals,women,poor blood glucose control are associated with cognitive impairment.

16.
Drug Evaluation Research ; (6): 119-124, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-514996

ABSTRACT

Curcumae Rhizoma comes from Curcuma genus,functional breaking blood stasis,detumescence and acesodyne for treatment of Zhengjia accumulation,amenorrhea,traumatic injury and bruising pain.Modem pharmacological studies have shown that the main monomer composition of zedoary turmeric has a good anti-inflammatory and anti-tumor effects.The main monomer composition of zedoary turmeric copies of curcumol,beta etemene,curcumin anti-inflammatory anti-tumor mechanism of review,provide the basis for the further research progress and clinical application of zedoary turmeric.

17.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 1645-1648, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-737891

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effects on Hepatitis B surveillance models at the surveillance pilot points in China.Methods Hepatitis B related records kept at the surveillance pilot points were downloaded from NNDRS.Data concerning proportion of unclassified Hepatitis B cases,consistency of additional records and the accuracy of reported acute Hepatitis B cases were evaluated.Results The proportion of unclassified Hepatitis B cases was decreasing year by year (P<0.05),from 32.07% in 2012 to 4.26% in 2015,with Kappa as 0.768,0.821 and 0.836 respectively in 2013-2015.The accuracy of reported acute Hepatitis B was improving (P<0.05),from 55.77% in 2013 to 74.49% in 2015.Conclusions Additional records and blood testings on acute Hepatitis B cases seemed to be effective in improving the accuracy of Hepatitis B reporting system and decreasing the proportion of unclassified Hepatitis B cases.We suggested that this model of surveillance could be applied elsewhere in the nation to improve the quality of report system on Hepatitis B.

18.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 1645-1648, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-736423

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effects on Hepatitis B surveillance models at the surveillance pilot points in China.Methods Hepatitis B related records kept at the surveillance pilot points were downloaded from NNDRS.Data concerning proportion of unclassified Hepatitis B cases,consistency of additional records and the accuracy of reported acute Hepatitis B cases were evaluated.Results The proportion of unclassified Hepatitis B cases was decreasing year by year (P<0.05),from 32.07% in 2012 to 4.26% in 2015,with Kappa as 0.768,0.821 and 0.836 respectively in 2013-2015.The accuracy of reported acute Hepatitis B was improving (P<0.05),from 55.77% in 2013 to 74.49% in 2015.Conclusions Additional records and blood testings on acute Hepatitis B cases seemed to be effective in improving the accuracy of Hepatitis B reporting system and decreasing the proportion of unclassified Hepatitis B cases.We suggested that this model of surveillance could be applied elsewhere in the nation to improve the quality of report system on Hepatitis B.

19.
Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae ; (6): 196-205, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-277877

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the expressions of Krüppel like factor 5 (KLF5) and tumor necrosis factor receptor superfamily member 11a (TNFRSF11a) in cervical cancer tissues and their effect on proliferation,migration,and invasion of HeLa cells. Methods Microarray technology was used to detect the mRNA expression of gene in cytocine stimulusin cervical tissues,and the result was verified by real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction. The expressions of KLF5 and TNFRSF11a in cervical tissues were detected by double immunofluorescence staining. HeLa cells were transfected with specific small interfering RNA to knock down the endogenous TNFRSF11a and KLF5 and were infected with adenovirus containing KLF5 to over-express KLF5,respectively. Protein level was detected by Western blot. The regulatory effect of KLF5 on candidate target gene (TNFRSF11a) was determined by dual-luciferase reporter assay. The activity of the cell proliferation,migration,and invasion was detected by using cell counting kit-8 assay and Transwell assay. Results The results of microarray technology showed that the expressions of KLF5 and TNFRSF11a were significantly higher in cervical squamous cell carcinoma tissues compared with normal cervical tissues (P=0.002,P=0.045),and real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction showed that the mRNA expressions of KLF5 and TNFRSF11a were significantly higher in cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) Ⅰ,CINⅡ-Ⅲ and cervical squamous cell carcinoma tissues compared with normal cervical tissues (KLF5:F=32.79,P=0.018,P=0.014,and P=0.011;TNFRSF11a:F=36.72,P=0.013,P=0.010,and P=0.009) and double immunofluorescence staining showed that the protein expressions of KLF5 and TNFRSF11a were significantly higher in CIN Ⅰ,CIN Ⅱ-Ⅲ and cervical squamous cell carcinoma tissues compared with normal cervical tissues (KLF5:F=42.38,P=0.014,P=0.008,and P=0.002;TNFRSF11a:F=35.42,P=0.021,P=0.012,and P=0.004) and increased with the carcinogenesis. The experiment in vitro confirmed that KLF5 promotes proliferation,migration,and invasion of HeLa by up-regulating TNFRSF11a expression. Clinical analysis showed that the expression of TNFRSF11a mRNA was positively correlated with tumor pathological grading,clinical stage,depth of invasion,and lymph node metastasis (all P<0.05). Conclusion KLF5 and TNFRSF11a are related to cervical cancer. KLF5 promote the proliferation,migration,and invasion of cervical cancer cells partly by upregulating the transcription of TNFRSF11a.

20.
Chinese Journal of Infectious Diseases ; (12): 129-133, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-608531

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the humoral and cellular immune responses in patients with acute brucellosis, and evaluate dynamic changes of regulatory T-lymphocytes (Foxp3+ Treg) in the peripheral blood of patients during treatment, in order to clarify the relationship between immunosuppression and the therapeutic effect in human brucellosis.Methods Sixty-five patients with brucellosis hospitalized at the Third Department of Infectious Diseases, Heilongjiang Agriculture and Reclamation Bureau General Hospital between July 2015 and November 2015 were included.Twenty-eight patients were treated with conventional therapy (group A: patients received 3 courses of treatment.Each lasted for 20 days with one-week interval), and 37 patients were treated with conventional therapy in combination with immunopotentiator (group B).Thirty healthy volunteers were enrolled as the controlled group.The ratio of CD3+CD4+ Foxp3+ Treg cells in the peripheral blood of brucellosis patients were measured by flow cytometry (FCM) at the end of each course of treatment.Data in accordance with normal distribution were described as mean±standard deviation.Comparison between two groups was done by two sample t test.Comparison among multiple groups was performed by analysis of variance and SNK test.Data that did not fit the normal distribution were analyzed by multiple-sample nonparametric test.Results After the first (20 d), second (50 d) and third course of treatment (80 d), the ratios of Foxp3+Treg in the peripheral blood of 65 acute brucellosis patients were 2.83%, 3.77% and 4.03%, respectively, which were all significantly higher than control group (1.69%;t=5.97, 9.05 and 5.66, respectively, all P0.05), while those were both higher than control group (t=7.09 and 4.94, respectively;both P<0.01).At the end of the second course, the ratio of Foxp3+ Treg in group B was higher than group A (t=2.22, P<0.01), and both of them were higher than control group (t=10.79 and 7.25, respectively;both P<0.01).At the end of treatment, Foxp3+ Treg in group A was also significantly higher than the other two groups (t=6.02 and 6.45, respectively;both P<0.01).Conclusions In patients with acute brucellosis treated with the standard antibiosis treatment in combination with immunopotentiator, the ratio of Foxp3+Tregs significantly increases and maintains at a high level, which suggests that extra immunopotentiator may be not helpful for the treatment of brucellosis at the very early stage.

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