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1.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 365-369, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-964797

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical features, liver histological features, and diagnostic and treatment methods for patients with myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPN) with portal hypertension as the main manifestation. Methods A retrospective analysis was performed for related data of the patients who attended the hospital due to portal hypertension and were finally diagnosed with MPN in Liver Research Center, Beijing Friendship Hospital, from January 2019 to February 2022, including clinical manifestation, liver pathological features, treatment, and follow-up results. Results Nine patients were included in this study, and all the patients had splenomegaly and esophageal and gastric varices, while portal vein thrombosis was observed in eight patients. All patients had normal or slightly abnormal liver function and routine blood test results. Six patients underwent liver biopsy, without the formation of fibrous septum and pseudolobule, and hepatic extramedullary hematopoiesis was observed in two patients. All nine patients underwent bone marrow biopsy and genetic testing, among whom six had essential thrombocythemia and three had primary myelofibrosis, and genetic testing revealed JAK - 2V617F gene mutation in seven patients and CALR gene mutation in two patients. Conclusion MPN is one of the rare causes of portal hypertension and has the clinical manifestations of esophageal and gastric varices, splenomegaly, and even megalosplenia, without the manifestations of hypersplenism such as leukopenia and thrombocytopenia. Detection of the JAK - 2V617F and CALR genes can improve the diagnostic rate of MPN.

2.
Chinese Journal of Digestion ; (12): 14-18, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934128

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the marking method for magnetically controlled capsule gastroscopy (MCCG) pictures with artificial intelligence (AI), so as to improve the work efficiency of endoscopist and to reduce the blind area of AI image reading.Methods:According to the consensus of MCCG, 24 parts of stomach in 14 775 pictures of MCCG from 35 subjects in Shenzhen Zifu Medical Technology Co., Ltd received MCCG from March to August, 2020 were marked by ten gastroenterologists and one developer of MCCG with medical background, the marking shape included rectangles and polygons. Among the ten gastroenterologists, three were senior endoscopist (the total number of gastroenteroscopy operations over 80 000, chief physician or associate chief physician), four were medium seniority endoscopist (the total number of gastroenteroscopy operations between 10 000 and 80 000, associate chief physician), and three were junior endoscopist (the total number of gastroenteroscopy operations less than 10 000, attending physician). The pictures of the same subject were pre-marked by two selected senior endoscopists with blind method, and the standard of marking with most appropriate coincidence rate was determined. The qualified marked pictures were automatically learn with AI deep learning method, and the learning results were fed back. Chi square test was used for statistical analysis.Results:According to the pre-marked results, the standard of coincidence rate for rectangular marking area was set as 50.0% and that for polygon marking area was 70.0%. The first correction for qualified rate was 39.0% (5 762/14 775). A total of 9 013 pictures were corrected. After repeated training and correction for one to five times, all pictures were qualified marked. The marking qualified rate of senior endoscopist partners was higher than that of partners of different qualifications (48.7%, 1 200/2 466 vs. 19.0%, 825/4 337), and the difference was statistically significant ( χ2=659.20, P<0.001). There was no statistically significant difference in the marking qualified rate between the senior endoscopist partners and partners of senior endoscopist and capsule developer (48.7%, 1 200/2 466 vs. 49.6%, 1 496/3 019; P>0.05). Conclusions:Establishment of AI marking method for MCCG can provide technical support for AI non-blind area reading, and AI non-blind area monitoring during the operation of MCCG.

3.
Chinese Journal of Neonatology ; (6): 162-165, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931009

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the clinical features of neonatal hyperthyroidism.Methods:From September 2013 to September 2020, clinical data of neonates with hyperthyroidism admitted to the neonatal intense care unit of our hospital were retrospectively collected and analyzed.Results:A total of 7 neonates were included. The average gestation age was (35.8±2.3) weeks with 5 cases had GA<37 weeks. The median age of diagnostic was 16 d (7~18 d). The common clinical manifestations included tachycardia, irritability, low-grade fever, hyperhidrosis, bulimia, poor weight gain, diarrhea and jaundice. The levels of serum free triiodothyronine (FT 3) and thyroxine (FT 4) were elevated in all 7 cases and thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) were decreased. The Doppler ultrasound of thyroid gland in two neonates revealed enlarged thyroid gland with abundant blood flow. All 7 mothers had hyperthyroidism with 4 mothers provided the history of hyperthyroidism and the other 3 were also confirmed after their infants were diagnosed. All 7 infants were treated with anti-thyroid drugs (ATD) and 2 were additionally given β-blockers to control heart rate. The median ATD duration was 40 d (7~58 d). 2 cases (both preterm infants) had slight decrease in FT 4 during medication. FT 4 of all 7 cases returned to normal before TSH. Conclusions:Neonatal hyperthyroidism has various and nonspecific clinical manifestations. Early diagnosis and timely treatment are important to prevent short-term and long-term adverse outcomes. Whether their mothers provide definite history of thyroid disorder or not, the thyroid function of the suspected neonates should be carefully monitored.

4.
International Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (6): 1451-1454, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-954484

ABSTRACT

As an important part of the external treatment of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM), acupoint has the advantages of simple operation, remarkable effectiveness and safety. Recently, it has been widely used in the treatment of patients with cirrhosis ascites, either alone, or in combination with other external treatments. It can improve ascites symptoms and reduce recurrence rates. Physicians select acupoint based on the meridian acupoint theory or their own methods. The acupoints are mainly Shenque (CV 8), Qihai (CV 5), Zusanli (ST 36), Guanyuan (RN 4), Zhongwan (CV 12) and other Ren meridian acupoints, supplemented by the bladder meridian, the liver meridian, the stomach meridian, and the spleen meridian. The Chinese medical drugs, mostly in terms of compounds, have function for relieasing stasis water, regulating qi and tonifying deficiency. In the future, it is necessary to strengthen basic research, treatment based on syndrome differentiation and improve the quality of clinical researchs.

5.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 462-463, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957408

ABSTRACT

The ectopic salivary gland refers to the presence of salivary gland tissue in an area other than the site where salivary glands normally exist. They often occur near the line connecting the external ear canal and the medial border of the clavicle. It is extremely rare to occur in the urogenital system. This paper retrospectively analyzed the clinicopathological data of a patient with ectopic salivary glands accidentally discovered due to testicular torsion. Patients are generally asymptomatic. If there is no fistula leading to the skin or mucosal surface, it is difficult to find clinically. The diagnosis depends on postoperative pathological examination. For ectopic salivary glands, surgery is required regardless of the location.

6.
Chinese Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging ; (6): 708-712, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957198

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the value of generative adversarial networks-based PET image reconstruction in improving the quality of low-dose 18F-FDG PET images and lesion detection in pediatric patients. Methods:Retrospective analysis of 61 PET images of children (38 males, 23 females, age (4.0±3.5) years) who underwent 18F-FDG total-body PET/CT imaging in Beijing Friendship Hospital, Capital Medical University from August 2021 to December 2021 was performed. The low-dose images (30 s, 20 s, 10 s) of all children extracted by list mode were input into the generative adversarial networks for deep learning (DL) reconstruction to obtain the corresponding simulated standard full-dose images (DL-30 s, DL-20 s, DL-10 s). The semi-quantitative parameters of the liver blood pool and primary lesion of standard full-dose 120 s, 30 s, 20 s, 10 s, DL-30 s, DL-20 s, and DL-10 s images were measured. The target-to-background ratio (TBR), contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR), and CV were calculated. The 5-point Likert scale was used for subjective scoring of image quality, and the detective abilities for positive lesions of each groups were compared. The sensitivities and positive predictive values of positive lesions detection were calculated. Mann-Whitney U test and Kruskal-Wallis rank sum test and χ2 test were used for data analyses. Results:CNR of the 30 s, 20 s, and 10 s groups were lower than those of DL-30 s, DL-20 s, and DL-10 s groups, respectively ( z values: -3.58, -3.20, -3.65, all P<0.05). Score of DL-10 s group was significantly lower than those of 120 s, DL-30 s and DL-20 s groups (4(3, 4), 5(4, 5), 4(4, 5), 4(4, 5); H=97.70, P<0.001). There were no significant differences in TBR, CNR, CV, SUV max and SUV mean of lesions and liver blood pool in 120 s, DL-30 s, DL-20 s, and DL-10 s groups ( H values: 0.00-6.76, all P>0.05). The sensitivities of positive lesion detection in DL-30 s, DL-20 s, and DL-10 s groups were 97.83%(225/230), 96.96%(223/230), 95.65%(220/230), respectively, and the positive predictive values were 96.57%(225/233), 93.70%(223/238), 84.94%(220/259), respectively. The positive predictive value in DL-10 s group was lower than those in DL-30 s and DL-20 s groups ( χ2=23.51, P<0.001). There were more false-positive and false-negative lesions detected by DL-10 s group than those of DL-30 s and DL-20 s groups in different sites. Conclusion:Based on the generative adversarial networks, the image quality of DL-20 s group is high and can meet the clinical diagnostic requirements.

7.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Ophthalmology ; (12): 619-625, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908561

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the risk factors and treatment outcome of recurrent Acanthamoeba keratitis (AK) after corneal transplantation. Methods:A serial case-observational study was carried out.Twenty-eight eyes of 28 patients with AK who underwent corneal transplantation in Shandong Eye Hospital from January 2012 to January 2019 were enrolled.All the eyes received corneal transplantation from failing to respond to topical and systemic anti- Acanthamoeba medical therapy, including 13 eyes that received penetrating keratoplasty (PKP) and 15 eyes that received lamellar keratoplasty (LKP). The corneal lesion was removed by a trephine with a diameter of 0.5 mm over infiltration area during PKP or LKP.The clinical features of recurrent AK were summarized, including recurrence time, site and signs, and the risk factors of AK recurrence were analyzed.Local and systemic anti- Acanthamoeba medical therapy was performed in all relapsed eyes, and secondary surgery was performed for the eyes with poor response to medication.The therapeutic outcome of recurrent AK was evaluated.The study adhered to the Declaration of Helsinki.This study protocol was approved by an Ethics Committee of Shandong Eye Hospital (No.201112). Results:In the 28 eyes, 7 eyes (25%) appeared recurrent AK after keratoplasty, including 2 eyes after PKP and 5 eyes after LKP.There was no significant difference in the recurrence rate between the two methods ( P=0.396). The recurrence rate of eyes that had used glucocorticoids drugs before operation was 57.14% (4/7), which was significantly higher in comparison with 14.29% (3/21) of eyes without glucocorticoids before surgery ( P=0.043). The recurrence rate of eyes with ulcer diameter ≥8.2 mm was 50.00% (5/10), which was significantly higher than 11.11% (2/18) of eyes with ulcer <8.2 mm ( P=0.036). The recurrent lesions began at the edge of implant bed accounted for 85.71% (6/7), and the recurrent lesions located below graft accounted for 14.29% (1/7). In 7 eyes with recurrent AK, 6 eyes were completely cured.Among recurrent AK eyes after LKP, 2 eyes were cured by long-term medical therapy, and 2 eyes were cured by extended-diameter LKP, and another 1 eye was cured by conjunctival flap covering surgery.One eye with recurrent AK after PKP was cured by extended-diameter PKP. Conclusions:The risk factors of recurrent AK after surgery are application of glucocorticoids before surgery and big lesions.Recurrent AK after surgery is curable by individualized therapy targeting to different clinical characteristics.

8.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 347-353,358, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884054

ABSTRACT

Objective:A large single-center, premature acute myocardial infarction (AMI) age (≤45 years) cohort was established to investigate the clinical features and the factors affecting major adverse cardiac events (MACE).Methods:This is a prospective and observational study. 603 patients with a clear diagnosis of AMI admitted to the Tianjin Chest Hospital from March 2015 to December 2017 were continuously selected. All patients were aged ≤45 years old, and a single-center large-sample premature AMI cohort was established. The patient's clinical basic conditions, laboratory indicators, imaging data, coronary angiography and treatment were collected. All patients were followed up for 1 year. MACE events such as cardiac death, recurrent AMI, revascularization, severe heart failure requiring hospitalization and stroke were recorded. Kaplan Meier method was used to draw the survival curve. Cox regression analysis was used to analyze the influence of risk factors, clinical characteristics and intervention methods on the long-term prognosis of MACE events.Results:A total of 603 AMI patients were included, 575 males (95.36%), 28 females (4.64%), and median age 41 (37, 44) years old. There were 422 patients (69.98%) with acute ST segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI), 206 patients (48.82%) with anterior myocardial infarction, and 181 patients (30.02%) with non ST segment elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI). Smoking was the most common risk factor for premature AMI (77.45%), followed by hyperlipidemia (48.42%) and hypertension (48.09%); smoking was the most common risk factor for male patients (80.35%), and hyperlipidemia was the most common risk factor for female patients (35.71%). 302 (50.08%) patients with premature AMI were treated with symptom onset to first medical contact (SO-to-FMC) ≤12 h; 563 patients (93.37%) had coronary angiography; coronary angiography showed that no significant stenosis, single-vessel disease, double-vessel disease, three-vessel disease, and patients with left main disease were 15(2.66%), 212(37.66%), 153(25.37%), 167(29.66%), 16(2.84%) cases; 318(56.48%) patients with vascular occlusion; The proportion of male combined with left main lesions was lower than that of female group (2.41% vs 12.50%, P=0.026); A total of 45 patients (7.46%) were recorded MACE. The 1-year MACE incidence was lower in the male group than in the female group (6.96% vs 17.86%, P=0.032). Multivariate COX regression analysis: there were 5 indicators that entered the regression model and were statistically significant: female ( HR:4.184; 95% CI:1.583-11.064; P=0.004), SO-to-FMC≤12 h ( HR:0.447; 95% CI:0.224-0.889; P=0.022), left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF)≤40% ( HR:3.727; 95% CI:1.876-7.405; P<0.001), low-density lipoprotein (LDL) ( HR:1.315; 95% CI:1.041-1.662; P=0.022), homocysteine (Hcy) ( HR:1.011; 95% CI:1.002-1.019; P=0.011) were independent predictor of MACE occurrence in patients with early-onset AMI within 1 year. Conclusions:Smoking is the most common risk factor for young men with AMI. The most common risk factors for young women's AMI is hyperlipidemia, and the proportion of patients with left main artery disease is higher than that of men, but the proportion of patients receiving emergency intervention is lower than that of men, and the long-term prognosis of young women is poor. Early detection and control of these risk factors is a key measure to prevent the onset of AMI.

9.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 1611-1616, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881464

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To evaluate th e effectiveness ,safety and economy of albu min-bound paclitaxel (nab-PTX)in the treatment of breast cancer by using rapid health technology assessment (HTA),and to provide evidence-based reference for drug selection. METHODS :Retrieved from PubMed ,the Cochrane Library ,CNKI,Wangfang database and other databases ,systematic evaluation/Meta-analysis,HTA and pharmacoeconomic studies about nab-PTX in the treatment of breast cancer were included ;the conclusions were classified and analyzed by using descriptive analysis. RESULTS :A total of 5 systematic reviews/Meta-analysis , 8 pharmacoeconomic studies were included in this study. Compared with conventional taxanes ,nab-PTX increased pathological complete response (pCR)rate [OR =1.39,95%CI(1.16,1.67),P<0.001] and event-free survival (EFS)[HR=0.69,95%CI(0.57, 0.85),P<0.001] in neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC)-treated breast cancer patients. However ,there were no significant differences in overall survival (OS),progression-free survival (PFS),objective response rate (ORR)and disease control rate (DCR)in metastatic breast cancer (MBC)patients between 2 groups. In the terms of safety ,nab-PTX increased the incidence of grade 3-4 sensory neuropathy [OR =1.89,95%CI(1.36,2.61),P<0.001] in MBC patients ,and increased the incidence of neutropenia [OR = 1.52,95%CI(1.23,1.88,P<0.001],sensory neuropathy [OR = 2.17,95%CI(1.38,3.40),P<0.001],rash [OR =1.46,95%CI mei1213@163.com (1.18,1.80),P<0.001] and fatigue [OR =1.28,95%CI(1.04, 1.56), P=0.02] in NAC -treated breast cancer patients.Pharmacoeconomic studies showed that nab-PTX could improve the quality adjusted lif e years of MBC patients compared with traditional taxanes ,and it was a economical option. CONCLUSIONS:Nab-PTX enhances pCR in NAC-treated breast cancer patients ,but has no significant advantage in the effectiveness of MBC patients ,and increases the occurrence of ADR. Nab-PTX may have a cost-utility advantage over conventional taxanes for MBC.

10.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 197-2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873730

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the risk factors of multi-drug resistant organism (MDRO) infection after liver transplantation. Methods The clinical data of 77 recipients undergoing liver transplantation were retrospectively analyzed. According to the incidence of MDRO infection, all recipients were divided into the non-MDRO infection group (n=51) and MDRO infection group (n=26). The infection rate and strain distribution of MDRO in liver transplant recipients were summarized. The risk factors of MDRO infection in liver transplant recipients were identified. Clinical prognosis of all recipients was statistically compared between two groups. Results The infection rate of MDRO after liver transplantation was 34% (26/77), mainly carbapenem-resistant MDRO infection. The main sites of infection included lung, abdominal cavity and incision. Univariate analysis showed that postoperative tracheal intubation ≥48 h, length of intensive care unit (ICU) stay ≥72 h, length of hospital stay ≥30 d, re-operation, continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) and tacrolimus (Tac) blood concentration ≥15 ng/mL were the risk factors for MDRO infection after liver transplantation. Cox regression analysis indicated that postoperative tracheal intubation≥48 h, re-operation, CRRT and Tac blood concentration ≥15 ng/mL were the independent risk factors for MDRO infection after liver transplantation. The fatality in the MDRO infection group was significantly higher than that in the non-MDRO infection group [31%(8/26) vs. 10%(5/51), P=0.01]. Conclusions Postoperative tracheal intubation ≥48 h, re-operation, CRRT and Tac blood concentration ≥15 ng/mL may increase the risk of MDRO infection after liver transplantation and affect clinical prognosis of the recipients.

11.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 2586-2590, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-864829

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the relationship between the preoperative fear of pain(FOP) and postoperative pain in patients with lung cancer undergoing video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery, with a view to provide a basis for psychological and behavioral intervention in perioperative pain.Methods:One hundred lung cancer patients underwent thoracoscopic surgery from August 2018 to December 2019 were recruited. The FOP was collected by the Chinese version of the fear of pain questionnaire-Ⅲ before operation. And postoperative pain including rest pain and cough pain was collected after surgery. The correlation analysis and relative risk coefficient was used to evaluate the relationship between preoperative FOP and postoperative pain.Results:Both rest pain and cough pain were positively correlated with FOP with the correlation coefficients of 0.404 and 0.489 (both P <0.05). Patients with a high level of FOP before surgery were more likely to report severe pain when coughing after surgery, which was 3.643 times (95% CI value was 1.585-8.372) higher than the patients with non-high level preoperative FOP. Conclusions:Patients with a high level preoperative FOP may report higher pain after surgery. Screening and identification of such patients are needed for further cognitive behavioral intervention.

12.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 477-484, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-817296

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To inve stigate the effects of polymorphism of CYP3A4,CYP3A5 and other genes on the increasing of tacrolimus blood concentration by Wuzhi capsules in renal transplantation patients. METHODS :Totally 194 patients in Han nationality underwent renal transplantation and rece ived outpatient follow-up after surgery were selected from the First Affiliated Hospital of Anhui Medical University during Aug. 2015-Nov. 2018,and then divided into single drug group (107 cases)and combination group (87 cases)according to using of Wuzhi capsules or not. Single drug group was given Tacrolimus capsules 0.1-0.15 mg/kg,po,bid+Mycophenolate mofetil capsule s 0.5-0.75 g,bid or Mycophenolate sodium enteric-coated tablets 360-540 mg,bid+Prednisone acetate tablets 10 mg,qd;combination group was additionally given two Wuzhi capsules ,bid,on the basis of single drug group. Two groups were treated at least 7 d. The clinical data (such as patients ’sex and age )were collected ,and enzyme amplification immunoassay was used to detect steady-state valley concentration of tacrolimus ,and calculate valley concentration/daily dose (C/D)value. PCR was adopted to detect patient genotyping of CYP3A5 gene rs 4646457,rs15524 and rs776746 locus,CYP3A4 gene rs 4646437,rs2242480 and rs 35599367 locus,ABCB1 gene rs 1128503 locus,ABCC2 gene rs3740066 locus,NR1I2 gene rs 3814055 locus,POR gene rs 1057868 locus,PPARA gene rs 4253728 locus,IL-3 gene rs 181781 locus, IL-10 gene rs 1800896 locus,CTLA4 gene rs 4553808 locus,CYP2C19 gene rs 4244285 and rs 4986893 locus,respectively. The correlation of each factor and tacrolimus C/D value was analyzed by Kruskal-Wallis test or Spearman rank test. Multivariate linear regression was conducted. RESULTS :In 194 renal transplanation patients ,only wild type at rs 3599367 locus of CYP3A4 gene and rs4253728 locus of PPARA gene were detected ,and each genotype distribution of other genes was consistent with the Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium (P>0.05). Single factor analysis and multiple linear regression analysis showed that the combination of Wuzhi capsules and rs 776746 polymorphism of CYP3A5 gene were related to tacrolimus C/D value(P<0.05). There was statistical significance in tacrolimus C/D values among different genotypes of CYP3A5 gene in single drug group and combnation group(P<0.05). C/D value of GG and AG genotype in single drug group were significantly lower than combination group (P< 0.05),while there was no statistical significance in tacrolimus C/D value of AA genotype between 2 groups (P>0.05). CONCLUSIONS:Combination of Wuzhi capsules or not and polymorphism of CYP3A5 gene rs 776746 locus are associated with blood concentration of tacrolimus in renal transplantation patients in Han nationality. Combined use of Wuzhi capsules can increase blood concentration of tacrolimus in GG and AG genotype ,but have no significant effect on AA genotype.

13.
Journal of Central South University(Medical Sciences) ; (12): 22-27, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-743166

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the role ofprostaglandin E2 (PGE2) and epidermal growth factor (EGF) in the protective effect ofpolaprezinc on acute gastric mucosal damage.Methods:A total of 30 male SD rats were randomly divided into 3 groups as follows:A blank group,a model group,and a polaprezinc group.The blank group was fed normally.As for the model group and the polaprezinc group,the rats were given 1 mL ethanol (intragastrical administration) first,then they were treated with vehicle (1 mL distilled water) or polaprezinc treatment (100 mg/kg) 1 h later.On the 3rd day,rats in each group were fasting for 24 h before gastric administration.After 2 h of gastric administration,5 mL of intraperitoneal blood was collected,centrifuged and stored at-80 ℃ for the detection of EGF and PGE2.Gastric tissue was collected for anatomic and pathological assessment.Results:Polaprezinc reduced gastric mucosa injury in the polaprezinc group compared to the model group.Compared with the blank group,the levels of PGE2 and EGF in blood serum were significantly decreased in the model group and the polaprezinc group (P<0.05),while there was no significant difference between the model group and the polaprezinc group (P>0.05).Conclusion:Polaprezinc can provide effective protection for acute mucosal injury and the underlying mechanism is not directly related to PGE2 and EGF.

14.
Journal of Jilin University(Medicine Edition) ; (6): 143-147, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-742742

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the change in the cerebral natriuretic peptide (BNP) levels in the premature infants with hemodynamically significant patent dectus arteriosus (hsPDA) and its relationship with hemodynamics, and to further clarify the clinical significance of BNP in the judgement of illness condition and treatment in the premature infants with hsPDA.Methods:A total of 106cases of premature infants within 6hof birth whose gestational age was no more than 32weeks were selected and divided into hsPDA group (43cases) and PDA with no hemodynamic significance group (nhsPDA group, 27cases) and no PDA group (nPDA group, 36cases) .The patients in HsPDA group were divided into hsPDA treatment group (33cases) and hsPDA non-treatment group (10cases) according to whether ibuprofen was administrated or not.Echocardiography was performed in the patients in hsPDA treatment group, 7dafter oral ibuprofen administration, and the patients in hsPDA treatment group were divided into hsPDA close group (15cases) and hsPDA non-close group (18cases) .The left atrium (LA) /aortic root diameter (VO) value, diameter of patent arterial duct, left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) , shortening fraction, left ventricular end-diastolic diameter (LVEDD) and left ventricular end-systolic diameter (LVESD) were recorded at 1, 3, 7dafter birth of the premature infants in various groups with echocardiography.The level of BNP in plasma was determined by electrochemiluminescence.The correlation analysis was performed between the hemodynamic indexes of echocardiography and the level of BNP in plasma.Results:Compared with nhsPDA group, the LA/VO value, arterial catheter diameter and LVEDD were significantly increased (P<0.05) .The plasma BNP levels of premature infants in hsPDA close and non-close groups at 1and 3dafter birth were significantly higher than those in nPDA group (P<0.05) ;the plasma BNP level of the premature infants in hsPDA close group at 7dafter birth was significantly lower than that at 3dafter birth (P<0.05) .Compared with hsPDA non-treatment group, the LA/VO value, arterial catheter diameter, LEVDD and the plasma BNP level of the premature infants in hsPDA treatment group at 7dafter birth were significantly decreased (P<0.05) .The plasma BNP level was positively correlated with the LA/VO value and arterial catheter diameter (r=0.727, P<0.05;r=0.780, P<0.05) of the premature infants in hsPDA group at 3dafter birth.Conclusion:The level of plasma BNP of premature infants 3 dafter birth is positively correlated with the hemodynamic indexes, and the detection of the changes of the plasma BNP levels is helpful to judge the condition of preterm infants with hsPDA and to provide basis for its diagnosis.

15.
Journal of Central South University(Medical Sciences) ; (12): 767-771, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-813198

ABSTRACT

To explore the differences in biological characteristics for the small gastrointestinal stromal tumors and the incidence of complications and recurrence between the traditional surgical treatment and endoscopic treatment.
 Methods: We collected the relevant clinical and pathological data from patients who were diagnosed as gastrointestinal stromal tumors with the diameter less than 2 cm by the Department of Pathology of Xiangya Hospital from January 2009 to December 2015. The complications and recurrence after the surgical treatment were analyzed.
 Results: In patients with small gastrointestinal stromal tumors, the proportion of female was higher than that of male (male:female=1:1.69). The median age for patient with this disease was 49 years old and it was more common in middle-aged and elderly. Most lesions were found in the stomach, followed by the esophagus and the small intestine. The small gastrointestinal stromal tumors occurred in the colon and rectum were rare. There was 60.3% (47/78) patients with abdominal pain, 7.7% (6/78) patients with hematochezia or melena, and 98.7% (78/79) with small gastrointestinal stromal tumors' mitotic count ≤5/50 HPF. The positive rates for CD, CD34, DOG-1, actin-smooth, and S-100 were 98.7%, 86.1%, 82.3%, 31.6%, and 24.1%, respectively. Three patients occurred surgical complications, 2 suffered recurrence during the follow-up. There was no significant difference in the incidence of complications and recurrence between the traditional surgical treatment and endoscopic treatment (P>0.05).
 Conclusion: Small gastrointestinal stromal tumors' malignant potential is low, and the recurrence and metastasis rate is low. Its biological behavior tends to be benign. The traditional surgical treatment and endoscopic treatment are both safe and effective for small gastrointestinal stromal tumor. Endoscopic treatment has the advantages in lower cost, shorter hospitalization time, and small trauma. Therefore, endoscopic treatment could be the first choice for small GIST resection under the condition of mature endoscopic technology.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Endoscopy, Gastrointestinal , Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage , Gastrointestinal Neoplasms , Pathology , General Surgery , Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors , Pathology , General Surgery , Incidence , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Postoperative Complications , Epidemiology , Retrospective Studies , Tumor Burden
16.
Journal of Jilin University(Medicine Edition) ; (6): 1165-1170, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-668078

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the influencing factors of sulfated modification of Bupleurum chinense polysaccharides (BCP),and to elucidate the possible mechanism of improving the antioxidant ability of sulfated BCP (S-BCP).Methods:BCP was sulfated by chlorosulfonic acid-pyridine method.The degree of substitution (DS)of S-BCP was observed by adjusting the volume ratios of chlorosulfonic acid to pyridine (1:2,1:4,and 1:8).The structures of BCP and S-BCP were analyzed by infrared (IR)spectroscopy,the morphology of BCP and S-BCP were observed under scanning electron microscopy (SEM).The antioxidant model was established by using 1, 1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH)free radical scavenging.The experiment was divided into positive control group,BCP group and S-BCP group,and the scavenging rates of DPPH free radical in various groups were compared. Results:When the volume ratio of chlorosulfonic acid to pyridine was 1 : 4,the reaction time was 2 h and the reaction temperature was 60 ℃,the maximum sulfur content percentage of S-BCP was 18.62% and the DS was the highest (DS = 2.32 ).Compared with BCP group, the scavenging rate of DPPH free radical of S-BCP was significantly increased (P <0.05).Conclusion:The volume ratio of chlorosulfonic acid to pyridine can affect the DS of S-BCP.The sulfated modification can increase the anti-oxidant capacity of BCP by changing its physic-chemical characters and spatial conformation.

17.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Endoscopy ; (12): 485-489, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-686565

ABSTRACT

Objective To estimate the safety and efficacy of submucosal tunneling endoscopic resection (STER) on treatment of large esophageal submucosal tumors (SMTs) originating from muscularis propria layer.Methods The data of patients with large esophageal SMTs (diameter ≥ 3.5 cm) undergone STER (n=17) or endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD,n =15) at the Endoscopy Center of Tianjin Medical University General Hospital from December 2009 to March 2016 were retrospective analyzed.The therapeutic effects,hospitalization times,post-operation expenses,and occurrence of complications were evaluated and compared between the two groups.Results All the endoscopic treatments of the 32 patients were successfully completed.The operating time of the STER group was significantly longer than that of the ESD group (t =2.595,P =0.015).There was no statistical difference on the en bloc resection rate,complete resection rate and complication rate between STER group and ESD group (P>0.05).The mean post-operative hospital stay of the STER group was significantly less than that of the ESD group (3.8± 1.0days VS 6.7±1.8 days,t=5.644,P=0.000).The mean hospital cost of the STER group was significantly less than that of the ESD group (22 456.1±5 232.0 yuan VS 27 392.5±5 747.9 yuan,t =2.543,P =0.016).The wound healing rates at 1 month after operation in the STER group was significantly higher than that of the ESD group [94.1% (16/17) VS 20.0% (3/15),P=0.000].No recurrence and metastasis occurred in the STER group and ESD group during the 41.2±20.6 months follow-up.Conclusion STER is a safe and effective technique for treating large esophageal SMTs originating from the muscularis propria layer,with earlier wound healing,shorter hospital stay and lower cost compared with those of the traditional method of ESD.

18.
Chinese Journal of Analytical Chemistry ; (12): 275-281, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-513391

ABSTRACT

A novel method for accurate,fast and sensitive detection of pesticides such as imidacloprid,isocarbophos,phoxim,dursban,imidacloprid,pyridaben and avermectin in environmental water samples has been developed by using ultrasound-assisted dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction (UA-DLLME) coupled with high performance liquid chromatography with ultraviolet detection (HPLC-UV).The UA-DLLME parameters such as types/volumes of extraction/dispersion solvents,ultrasonic time,ionic strength and extraction time were investigated.Under the optimized extraction conditions,the linearity for the detection of six pesticides in the concentration range of 10-600 μg/L was obtained with limits of detections (LODs) of 0.8-3.1 μg/L and relative standard deviations (RSDs) of 4.7%-11.3%.UA-DLLME method exhibited strong enrichment ability for the six pesticides,and the enrichment factor (EFs) were ranged from 58 to 187.This method had perfect linearity,precision and recovery results,and showed obvious advantages and practicality comparing the previously reported methods.

19.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 4887-4889, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-501192

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To improve the system of management and maintenance for the purification air-conditioning system in PIVAS,and to further strengthen the management of cleaning environment. METHODS:The cleanness monitoring project of purifi-cation air-conditioning system in PIVAS of our hospital was introduced in terms of temperature and humidity record,pressure differ-ence record,airborne particles detection,settling microbe monitoring report. And the monitoring results were analyzed. RESULTS:The temperature and humidity,pressure difference of clean area in PIVAS of our hospital are both in line with the standard of Phar-macy Intravenous Admixture Quality Management Specification (2010 edition),i.e. temperature at 18-26 ℃,relative humidity of 40%-65%;negative pressure difference between antibiotics,hazardous drug dispensing area and second dressing room are 5-10 Pa. The number of airborne particles (average static particle/m3) at various cleanness degrees in clean area are all in line with the standard of GMP(2010 edition),i.e. maximal allowable number of airborne particles(≥0.5 μm)were 3 520/m3(100 degree);352 000/m3 (10 000 degree);3 520 000/m3 (100 000 degree). The percentage of qualified static settling microbe detection reach 100%in clean area,which is in line with the standard of Settling Microbe Detection Method in Clean Room(Area) of Pharmaceu-tical Industry,i.e. criteria for settling microbe(90 mm)CFU/0.5 h≤1(100 degree);≤3(10 000 degree);≤10(100 000 degree). The percentage of qualified dynamic settling microbe detection is in low level,especially those of dispensing room and secondary dressing room only reaches 80%. CONCLUSIONS:It’s important for effective hospital infection control in PIVAS,the quality im-provement of intravenous injection,the safety guarantee of drug use in patients to further improve standard operation procedure of purification air-conditioning system management and maintenance,and manage and maintain the purification air-conditioning sys-tem completely and scientifically.

20.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 3014-3016, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-455922

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the relativity for weight of macrosomia predicted by ultrasound and clinical measurements . Methods 1 037 subjects who were delivered in May to November 2012 ,in Chongqing Health Center for Women and Children ,were collected and analyzed satistically .The parameters for the comparisons included maternal abdominal circumference (MAC) ,fundal height(FH) ,and fetal diameters measured by ultrasonic imaging such as biparietal diameter (BPD) ,head circumference(HC) ,femur length(FL) ,and abdominal circumference(AC) .The coincidence was calculated with real weights and compared with clinical predic-tions .Results When FH+ MAC 134 cm ,the accuracy of preliminary screening for macrosomia is the highest ,the area under the ROC curve is 0 .895 .Combining with the abdominal circumference(AC) by prenatal ultrasound ,the highest prediction rate of mac-rosomia is 75 .2% .when Fetal AC≥37 cm ,macrosomia incidence rate took 91 .7% .Conclusion Pregnant women with FH+MAC36 cm ,especially ≥37 cm ,the possibility of macrosomia is very high .

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