Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 82
Filter
1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935036

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate cardiovascular benefits in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus treated with the marketed 11 sodium-glucose co-transporter-2 (SGLT-2) inhibitors and glucagon-like polypeptide-1 (GLP-1) receptor agonism by Bayesian network meta-analysis system. Methods MEDLINE, Embase and Cochrane Library were searched from the establishment of the database to 18 July 2020. The endpoint of the study was adverse cardiovascular events. The effect measures were hazard ratios (HR) and 95% credible intervals (CI). Results Compared with placebo, empagliflozin, canagliflozin, dapagliflozin, albiglutide, dulaglutide, exenatide, liraglutide, semaglutide reduced the risk of major adverse cardiovascular events in patients with type 2 diabetes with HR and 95% CI ranging between 0.75(0.60-0.95)~0.90(0.82-0.99); The risk of heart failure was reduced by empagliflozin, canagliflozin, dapagliflozin and ertugliflozin, with HR and 95%CI ranging between 0.64(0.49-0.82)~0.74(0.65-0.85); Empagliflozin, canagliflozin, dapagliflozin, exenatide, liraglutide and oral semaglutide reduced the incidence of all-cause mortality with HR and 95%CI ranging between 0.52(0.33-0.84)~0.89(0.80-0.99); Empagliflozin, canagliflozin, liraglutide and oral semaglutide can reduce the risk of cardiovascular death events, with HR and 95% CI ranging between 0.54(0.30-0.95)~0.83(0.71-0.96) . Conclusion The order of the cardiovascular benefits of SGLT-2 inhibitors or GLP-1 receptor agonists in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus complicated with atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease are canagliflozin (the best), empagliflozin, dulaglutide, liraglutide; for patients with type 2 diabetes and heart failure. The order of the cardiovascular benefits for patients with type 2 diabetes and heart failure are empagliflozin, canagliflozin, ertugliflozin, and dapagliflozin.

2.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 861-865, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909113

ABSTRACT

Based on the general goal of the medium and long term development of basic science from 2021 to 2035 and the "14th Five-Year Plan" in China, combined with the national strategic needs, this paper discusses the five priority development areas of endemiology according to the development trends and characteristics of endemiology in the next 5 - 15 years. The five areas are study on the pathogenesis and prevention measures of endemic fluorosis; study on risk assessment, pathogenic mechanism and control strategy of environmental arsenic exposure; research on the basis and application transformation of the pathogenesis of iodine nutrition-related diseases; molecular mechanism and targeted intervention of cartilage injury in Kashin-Beck disease; precise prevention and treatment, preservation of biological samples and etiology study of Keshan disease. Combined with the scientific significance and national strategic needs of various field, the authors analyze its main study directions and core scientific issues.

3.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 517-523, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909044

ABSTRACT

According to the general goal of long term development of basic science from 2021 to 2035 and the "14th Five-Year Plan" in China, starting from the reasearch characteristics and the basic situation of endemiology, this study discusses the strategic position, development law, development trend, development status and layout, development goals and realization ways of endemiology, combined with the strategic needs of the discipline, the important interdisciplinary research areas of endemiology are put forward. The purpose of this study is to promote the rapid development of basic research on endemic diseases, to provide reference for the scientific and technological layout and policy formulation of the endemiology, to provide reference for the "14th Five-Year Plan" in China, and to provide guarantee for the people in the sick area to seek health.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883670

ABSTRACT

Funding of research projects within the category of Endemiology (H2401) funded by National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC) from 2010-2019 was summarized in this paper. Granted projects were categorized and analyzed based on the funding type, support institute and disease classification. The characteristics and trends of granted projects supported by NSFC were analyzed and summarized in order to provide reference for researchers to apply for projects in the future.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883661

ABSTRACT

Environmental arsenic exposure is a worldwide public health problem. Long-term exposure to inorganic arsenic is closely related to diseases such as cardiovascular disease, diabetes and malignant tumors. Different dietary structure and intake of certain specific nutrients may have important effects on the pathogenic effect of arsenic. This article summarizes the effects of dietary nutrients on arsenic toxicity, providing reference for the follow-up arsenic toxicity research and reducing the risk of arsenic-related diseases through nutritional intervention.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883657

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyse the quality control assessment results of arsenic testing laboratories of national endemic disease prevention and control institutions from 2006 to 2020, so as to further strengthen the quality control of arsenic determination in laboratories of national endemic disease prevention and control institutions, and to ensure the accuracy and reliability of national endemic arsenic poisoning monitoring data.Methods:The water arsenic and urinary arsenic test results of arsenic quality control laboratories from 2006 to 2020 were collected and evaluated by Z-ratio scoring method(│Z│≤2 was qualified, 2 < │Z│ < 3 was basically qualified, │Z│≥3 was unqualified), and the qualification rates of water arsenic and urinary arsenic in different years and different provinces were calculated.Results:From 2006 to 2020, the number of laboratories participating in water arsenic quality control in 14 provinces has increased from 25 to 167, and the number of laboratories participating in urinary arsenic quality control increased from 22 to 90. The standard deviation of laboratory assessment samples was relatively stable, all < 0.05 mg/L. The quality control assessment results from 2006 to 2020 were calculated according to │Z│ < 3, the qualified rate of water arsenic ranged from 64.0% to 100.0%, and that in urine was 54.5% to 100.0%. The quality control assessment results from 2009 to 2020 were calculated according to │Z│≤2, the qualified rate of water arsenic was 84.6% - 100.0%, and that in urine was 83.6% - 100.0%. Among the 13 water arsenic assessment results from 2009 to 2020, according to │Z│≤2, provincial laboratories reported all qualified years for 8 times, prefecture, city and county-level laboratories reported all qualified years for 2 times; there were 8 provinces with all qualified laboratories at province level and 3 provinces with all qualified laboratories at prefecture, city and county-level. Among the 13 assessment results of urinary arsenic from 2009 to 2020, according to │Z│≤2, the provincial laboratories reported all qualified years for 6 times, and the prefecture, city and county-level laboratories all qualified for 1 times; there were 6 provinces in which all provincial laboratories were qualified, and there were 6 provinces in which all prefecture, city and county-level laboratories were qualified.Conclusions:The quality control work of laboratories is improving day by day, but there are still some problems in individual links. Laboratories at all levels should continue to strengthen the construction of laboratories and the training of relevant personnel, further improve the theoretical and technical level of inspectors, and continuously improve the detection quality, to make the analysis data more reliable and comparable, so as to ensure the quality of arsenic poisoning prevention and monitoring work.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883427

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical efficacy and safety of gabapentin or topiramate combined with venlafaxine in the treatment of chronic migraine patients with generalized anxiety disorder.Methods:From June 2018 to February 2020, 127 patients with chronic migraine complicated with generalized anxiety disorder in the Second Affiliated Hospital of Guangxi Medical University were selected. The patients were divided into gabapentin combined with venlafaxine group (observation group, 64 cases) and topiramate combined with venlafaxine group (control group, 63 cases) according to the random number table method, and all patients were treated for 6 months. The headache attack days per month, headache visual analogue scale (VAS), migraine specific quality of life questionnaire V2.1 (MSQ V2.1), headache impact measurement-6 (HIT-6) score, Pittsburgh sleep quality index (PSQI) score were recorded before treatment and 3 and 6 months after treatment.Results:In observation group, 57 cases completed 3 months of treatment, and 53 cases completed 6 months of treatment. In the control group, 56 cases completed 3 months of treatment, and 50 cases completed 6 months of treatment. The headache attack days per month, headache VAS, HIT-6 and PSQI 3 and 6 months after treatment in 2 groups were significantly lower than those before treatment, observation group: (16.31 ± 5.02) and (15.69 ± 6.31) d vs. (22.62 ± 3.27) d, (3.67 ± 1.60) and (1.91±1.05) scores vs. (5.09 ± 1.43) scores, (49.34 ± 11.01) and (47.34 ± 9.05) scores vs. (60.25 ± 11.61) scores, (10.09 ± 2.81) and (9.68 ± 2.74) scores vs. (13.50 ± 2.81) scores; control group: (14.58 ± 7.37) and (9.92 ± 5.07) d vs. (23.05 ± 5.24) d, (4.74 ± 1.15) and (3.16 ± 1.60) scores vs. (5.90 ± 2.06) scores, (42.77 ± 8.02) and (40.09 ± 9.72) scores vs. (59.37 ± 9.08) scores, (9.66 ± 2.71) and (8.62 ± 2.07) scores vs. (14.61 ± 2.79) scores, and there were statistical differences ( P<0.05). The headache VAS 3 and 6 months after treatment in observation group was significantly lower than that in control group, and there was statistical difference ( P<0.05). The functional limitations, function loss, emotional function scores and total score of MSQ V2.1 3 and 6 months after treatment in 2 groups were significantly lower than those before treatment, observation group: (17.62 ± 9.81) and (16.01 ± 5.73) scores vs. (36.96 ± 9.55) scores, (12.17 ± 5.60) and (11.09 ± 3.27) scores vs. (17.06 ± 6.08) scores, (8.42 ± 2.17) and (8.94 ± 1.90) scores vs. (11.40 ± 4.09) scores, (33.24 ± 9.61) and (28.62 ± 5.04) scores vs. (62.75 ± 14.02) scores; control group: (17.08 ± 8.73) and (16.79 ± 5.19) scores vs. (36.82 ± 9.68) scores, (9.04 ± 4.48) and (8.90 ± 3.46) scores vs. (17.26 ±6.01) scores, (6.92 ± 2.61) and (5.15 ± 1.74) scores vs. (11.30 ± 5.47) scores, (31.65 ± 9.17) and (30.66 ± 6.04) scores vs. (62.91 ± 11.18) scores, and there were statistical differences ( P<0.05). There was no significant difference in the effective rate and the incidence of adverse drug reactions 3 and 6 months after treatment between 2 groups ( P>0.05). Conclusions:Gabapentin or topiramate combined with venlafaxine can reduce the degree of headache in chronic migraine patients with generalized anxiety disorder, reduce the number of headache days per month, improve sleep and improve the quality of life. However, the adverse reactions of gabapentin still need to be paid more attention.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-829963

ABSTRACT

Objective To review and analysis the clinical manifestations, occurrence rules, treatment and outcomes of adverse drug reactions caused by anlotinib in order to provide reference for safety and reasonable use of anlotinib in clinical practice. Methods The cases reports of anlotinib were searched in Web of Science, Pubmed, Wiley Online Library, CNKI, Wanfang and VIP. The basic patient information, adverse reaction time, characters, treatment, outcomes and involved systems or organs were collected and analyzed. Results A total of 20 cases were collected, 10 females and 10 males, with a median age of 63.5(36~76 years old). Adverse drug reactions mostly occurred within 2 months after the medication. 52 cases occurred in total, involving 9 systems/organs, of which blood and lymphatic system disorders (all were hypertension) were the most common (21.2%). Conclusion After the administration of anlotinib, the incidence rate of adverse reactions in the cardiovascular system is relatively high. The medication process should be closely monitored, and attention should be paid to monitoring the potential adverse reactions mentioned in the instructions.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-829951

ABSTRACT

Type 2 diabetes is a high risk factor for atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease. Studies have found that SGLT-2 inhibitor and GLP-1 receptor agonists have cardiovascular protective effects in patients with type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease. Therefore, from the aspects of cardiovascular safety test and its Meta-analysis and net-like Meta-analysis, the research progress of cardiovascular safety of SGLT-2 inhibitors and GLP-1 receptor agonists is summarized.

10.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 838-841, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-866216

ABSTRACT

Objective:To establish a method for preparing urine arsenic quality control samples and verify its uniformity and stability.Methods:Urine samples of healthy adults were collected, concentrated and then freeze-dried using a freeze dryer. The freeze-dried samples were subjected to atomic fluorescence spectrophotometry to determine the arsenic content. The method was verified from the uniformity, stability, determination of different detection methods, and the fixed value of urine arsenic content.Results:The linear correlation coefficient of the standard curve of the method was 0.999 7. The variation coefficients of arsenic content after freeze-dried of urine samples were all < 5%. The uniformity test results showed that there was no statistically significant difference in the arsenic content between bottles of low and high concentration samples ( t = 1.09, 1.53, P > 0.05), and the sample uniformity was good. The stability test results show that the decline rate of the freeze-dried samples of high and low concentrations stored ≤360 days was less than 10%, and the stability was good at room temperature. Atomic fluorescence spectrophotometry and inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry(ICP-MS) were used for the arsenic content determination of high and low concentration samples, and there was no significant difference between the two methods ( P > 0.05). The results of determination of arsenic content in urine of 14 provinces and 86 cities and counties showed that the low concentration was (0.028 ± 0.002) mg/L and the high concentration was (0.113 ± 0.008) mg/L. Conclusion:The uniformity and stability of the freeze-dried urine arsenic quality control samples can meet the external quality control requirements of the laboratory in endemic disease prevention and monitoring.

11.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 248-253, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-866109

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects of combined exposure of arsenic and high-fat diet (HFD) on serum adiponectin in mice.Methods:According to the 2 × 3 factorial design, a total of 90 male C57BL/6 mice were randomly divided into 6 groups using random number table method based on body weight (16-22 g): standard diet (STD) control group, STD+ 5 mg/L arsenic group, STD+ 50 mg/L arsenic group, HFD control group, HFD+ 5 mg/L arsenic group and HFD+ 50 mg/L arsenic group. There were 15 mice in each group, and sodium arsenite (NaAsO 2) was added to the drinking water. Mice were accessed freely to water and fed ad libitum. After 17 weeks, urine samples, fasting blood samples and adipose tissue were collected. Urinary arsenic was determined by atomic fluorescence. Blood glucose meter was used to measure blood glucose. Levels of blood lipid contents, including serum triglyceride (TG), total cholesterol (TC), and high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL)-c, were examined by kit enzymatic method. Levels of insulin, total adiponectin and high molecular weight (HMW) adiponectin were examined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Results:There was no interaction between arsenic exposure and HFD on the effects of blood glucose and blood lipids ( P > 0.05). There was an interaction between these two factors on serum insulin and total adiponectin ( P < 0.05). HFD can significantly increase blood glucose, serum TC levels ( P < 0.05), but not TG and HDL-c in mice ( P > 0.05). The levels of TG and HDL-c in STD+ 50 mg/L arsenic group were significantly decreased as compared to those of STD control group (mmol/L: 0.72 ± 0.14 vs 0.88 ± 0.24, 0.67 ± 0.03 vs 0.80 ± 0.16, P < 0.05). Compared with STD control group, there was no significant difference in serum insulin level in HFD control group and STD+ 5 or 50 mg/L arsenic groups ( P > 0.05), but insulin levels in HFD+ 5 or 50 mg/L arsenic groups were significantly decreased (mU/L: 14.71 ± 4.16 vs 11.42 ± 0.78, 11.52 ± 1.53, P < 0.05). Compared with STD control group, serum total adiponectin, HMW adiponectin levels, and the ratio of HMW adiponectin to total adiponectin were significantly reduced in HFD control group and STD+ 5 or 50 mg/L arsenic groups ( P < 0.05). In HFD+ 5 mg/L arsenic group, the above indexes of adiponectin were significantly higher than those of the HFD control group ( P < 0.05). In STD groups, an inverse relationship was observed between log transformed urinary total arsenic concentrations and serum levels of total adiponectin and HMW partial correlation coefficient ( r=- 0.549,-0.608, P < 0.01). Conclusions:Both arsenic exposure and HFD can alter glucose and lipid metabolism in mice, but their manifestations are different. Arsenic exposure and HFD can synergistically reduce serum insulin levels, and have an antagonism on serum adiponectin.

12.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 231-234, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-866097

ABSTRACT

Arsenic is an environmental toxicant. Chronic exposure to arsenic has been suggested being related to multiple diseases, such as cardiovascular disease and diabetes. Adiponectin, an adipocyte-derived hormone with multiple effects, such as anti-atherosclerotic, anti-diabetic, and anti-inflammatory activities, plays important roles in the development of many diseases, especially in those related to glucolipid metabolism. The change of adiponectin level caused by arsenic exposure may be an important link of health damage caused by arsenic, especially in diseases related to glucolipid disorders.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-745174

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the clinical outcomes and feasibility of multi-modality adjuvant chemotherapy and radiation, which was conducted as postoperative chemotherapy, radiation, and consolidation chemotherapy (CRC) mode for the treatment of advanced endometrial cancer. Methods A retrospective analysis of 124 patients with International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) stages Ⅲ and Ⅳ endometrial cancer from Jan. 2004 to Oct. 2012 was conducted in Peking University People′s Hospital and Beijing Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital. Inclusion criteria were comprehensive staging procedure including hysterectomy, bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy, and (or) selective pelvic aortic lymphadenectomy, and treatment with adjuvant chemotherapy and (or) radiation. The average age of these patients was (55.9 ± 8.4) years old (range from 23 to 79 years old). According to different postoperative adjuvant treatment modes, the patients were divided into CRC group, chemotherapy-radiotherapy (CR) group and single chemotherapy (C) group. The survival and side effects of the three groups were compared. Results (1) One hundred and twenty-four patients with advanced stage endometrial cancer were identified and received postoperative adjuvant therapies.Sixty-one (49.2%, 61/124) cases of them received postoperative CRC fashion, 19 (15.3%, 19/124) received postoperative CR and 44 (35.5%, 44/124) cases received C. The age, stage, grade and type of surgery of the three groups were not significantly different (all P>0.05);while, the pathology, chemotherapy cycles and chemotherapy regimens differed significantly (all P<0.05). (2) The progression-free survivals (PFS) of the patients with CRC, CR, and C group were (121±7), (68± 15), and (100±11) months, respectively. The 3-year PFS rates were 87.9%, 43.7%, and 61.4%, respectively. The 5-year PFS rates were 82.2%, 36.4%, and 61.4%, respectively. The above indicators were significantly higher in the CRC group than in the CR group (all P<0.01), and there was no difference between the CRC group and the C group (P=0.037). The overall survival (OS) of patients with CRC, CR, and C group were (128 ± 6), (80 ± 12), and (99 ± 10) months, respectively. The 3-year OS rates were 87.8%, 72.4%, and 67.1%, the 5-year OS rate were 84.2%, 54.3%, and 64.1%, respectively. The above indicators were significantly higher in the CRC group than those in the CR group and C group (all P<0.01). (3) There was no difference in the frequency of adverse effects either chemotherapy, such as severe bone suppression or radiotherapy;hepatotoxicity,blood transfusion, dose modifications;or cycle delays between the CRC, CR and C group (all P>0.05). (4) In the univariate analysis shown that, stage, the fashion of postoperative adjuvant therapy and type of surgery were risk factors for tumor progression in patients with advanced endometrial cancer (P<0.05). After adjusted for FIGO stage and type of surgery, the tumor progression hazard ratio (HR) was 3.931 (95%CI:1.734-8.914, P=0.001) for the CR group and 2.188 (95%CI:1.010-4.741, P=0.047) for the C group, compared to the CRC group. Conclusion Sequential CRC delivered in a"sandwich"fashion for the treatment in advanced endometrial cancer could significantly improve the 3-year and 5-year OS rates and have a similar adverse effect profile compared with other sequencing modalities.

14.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 107-110, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-744261

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the role of pigment epithelium-derived factor (PEDF) in vascular endothelial cells dysfunction induced by sodium arsenite (NaAsO2).Methods Human umbilical vein endothelial cells (EA.Hy926 cells) were treated with different levels of NaAsO2 [0 (control),1,2,5,10,20,50 μmol/L] for 24 hours.The cell viability was determined using CCK8.Colorimetric assay was used to detect the activity of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) in culture supematants,PEDF content in the supematant of EA.Hy926 cells was detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA),and nitric oxide (NO) content in cells was detected by flow cytometry.Results Compared with the control group [(101.08 ± 3.22)%],the cell viability of 20 μ mol/L group [(80.69 ± 7.95)%] and 50 μmol/L group [(69.87 ± 10.54)%] decreased significantly,and the differences were statistically significant (P < 0.05).The activity of iNOS increased significantly in 10,20,50 μmol/L groups [(829.1 ± 68.2),(772.3 ± 37.1),(874.6 ± 43.5) U/L],respectively,in comparison with that of the control group [(397.5 ± 43.5) U/L] in the cell culture supematant (P < 0.01).Similarly,PEDF levels in the groups of 10,20,50 μmol/L [(12.06 ± 0.55),(11.97 ± 0.39) and (13.89 ± 0.26) mg/L respectively] were higher than that of the control group [(10.70 ± 0.35) mg/L,P < 0.01],and the highest content of PEDF was found in 50 μmol/L group.The NO level in 50 μmol/L group (11 558.99 ± 397.43) was significantly lower than that of the control group (14 131.49± 262.61,P < 0.01).Conclusion PEDF is involved in the vascular endothelial cells dysfunction induced by arsenic.

15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-719249

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: To investigate the distribution of serum calcium and the relationship between serum calcium and serum metabolic parameters in endometrial carcinoma (EC) patients. METHODS: Retrospective assessment of patients diagnosed with endometrial cancer from Peking University People's Hospital from 2004 to 2009. Clinical characteristics as well as pretreatment serum calcium, albumin, fasting plasma glucose (FPG), serum triglycerides (TG), high-density lipoprotein (HDL), low-density lipoprotein (LDL), and total cholesterol (TC) value were extracted from patient records. Serum calcium was corrected for albumin. Unpaired t test and analysis of covariance were used to compare serum calcium among categorical variables. Simple correlation analyses and partial correlation analyses were used to assess the associations between serum calcium and continuous variables. RESULTS: Two-hundred twenty patients were included in this study. After adjusting for confounders, postmenopausal patients had higher total serum calcium (p=0.002) and albumin-corrected serum calcium (p=0.012) than premenopausal patients, endometrioid endometrial carcinoma (EEC) patients had higher total serum calcium than non-endometrioid endometrial carcinoma (NEEC) patients (p=0.037). Significant positive correlations were found between total serum calcium and FPG (p=0.017), TG (p=0.043), HDL (p=0.042), LDL (p < 0.001), and TC (p < 0.001) after adjusting for multiple variables, and the corrected serum calcium showed no significant correlation with metabolic parameters. CONCLUSION: Total serum calcium might be a more sensitive parameter for metabolic syndrome in endometrioid endometrial cancer patients than lipids.


Subject(s)
Beijing , Blood Glucose , Calcium , Cholesterol , Endometrial Neoplasms , Fasting , Female , Humans , Lipoproteins , Retrospective Studies , Triglycerides
16.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 848-852, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-701444

ABSTRACT

The glutaredoxin system (Grxs) is one of the important antioxidant systems,including glutaredoxin,glutathione,glutaredoxin reductase and nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate.Glutaredoxin is a small protein as oxidoreductases with the function of deglutathionylation,reducing antioxidants and recombination of iron-sulfur enzymes.In studies of ceils,animals and plants,arsenic and its metabolites can induce reactive oxygen species,generate free radicals and trigger oxidative stress.The Grxs plays an essential role of antioxidant and maintains redox state in arsenic poisoning.Therefore,the article reviewed the anti-oxidation effect of Grxs in arsenic poisoning.

17.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 165-168, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-701291

ABSTRACT

Inorganic arsenic is an environmental carcinogen.Chronic exposure to inorganic arsenic has also been suggested being associated with diabetes mellitus and cardiovascular disease, which is a prominent feature of glycolipid metabolism disorders. This article describes the current findings from epidemiological studies on arsenic exposure and diabetes and cardiovascular disease, as well as the possible mechanisms underlying the regulation of glycolipid metabolism after arsenic exposure. It is demonstrated that the effect of arsenic exposure on glycolipid metabolism is mediated through multiple mechanisms that are interrelated, rather than by a single mechanism, eventually leading to diabetes mellitus and cardiovascular disease.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-701274

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the relationship between nucleotide excision repair cross-complementing (ERCC) gene polymorphisms [single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) sites: rs11615, rs13181, rs238406, rs6498486, rs17655] and susceptibility to endemic arsenic poisoning. Methods The study recruited 848 subjects, including 348 cases and 500 controls, from populations exposed to high arsenic levels through drinking water in northwest China, and 3 - 5 ml venous blood was collected. The genotypes were determined using polymerase chain reaction and restriction fragment length polymorphism techniques(PCR-RFLP). Logistic regression analysis was used to assess the association of genotypes with endemic arsenic poisoning. Results The polymorphisms of rs11615 (ERCC1), rs238406 (ERCC2), rs6498486 (ERCC4) and rs17655 (ERCC5) and endemic arsenic poisoning were not related(P > 0.05). Participants who carried the CC genotype or at least one C allele for the ERCC2 rs13181 had an increased risk of endemic arsenic poisoning[OR(95%CI)=1.63(1.13,2.34),1.64(1.14,2.34)]compared with wild type homozygous individuals. Conculsions There is no positive correlation between the polymorphisms of ERCC1 rs11615, ERCC2 rs238406, ERCC4 rs6498486, ERCC5 rs17655 and endemic arsenic poisoning. ERCC2 rs13181 polymorphism increases the risk of endemic arsenic poisoning.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-708302

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the application of the placement of titanium clips in the upper and lower tumor margins in precision radiotherapy for early esophageal cancer. Methods:Seventeen patients with early esophageal cancer underwent endoscopy-guided implantation of titanium clips to mark the upper and lower tumor margins. CT-based simulation was performed to delineate the gross tumor volume ( GTV) . The application value of this technology in precision radiotherapy was evaluated. Results:For all patients (including 13 cases with initial treatment and 4 patients requiring radiotherapy after endoscopic resection), the esophageal tumors were not explicitly displayed on CT and barium meal images and the GTV range could not be accurately determined. The esophageal tumors were marked by successful placement of at least one titanium clip in the upper and lower tumor margins. Subsequently, the esophageal tumors were successfully displayed on CT simulation and the target area was accurately delineated. No grade 3-4 adverse events, such as bleeding and perforation occurred. Conclusion Endoscopy-guided titanium clip placement is convenient and feasible for early esophageal cancer, which is of clinical significance for determining the target area of radiotherapy.

20.
Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences. 2018; 31 (4 [Special]): 1629-1632
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-199256

ABSTRACT

The Clinical therapeutic effect and safety of celecoxib in treating knee osteoarthritis were observed. 180 patients who have been confirmed with knee osteoarthritis in our hospital were selected as research objects. They were randomly divided into research group and control group, each containing 90 patients. The control group was given with diclofenac sodium therapy, while the research group was subjected to celecoxib therapy. The total therapeutic response rates between the two groups were observed and compared. The total therapeutic response rate of research groups was relatively higher, P<0.05. There was no significant difference in pain score, erythrocyte sedimentation rate [ESR], quality of life score [QLS] between two groups before treatment, P<0.05. However, these indexes of research group were superior then the control group after treatment, P<0.05. In addition, the rate of adverse reaction of research group was also lower than that of control group, P<0.05. Using celecoxib to treat knee osteoarthritis can significantly improve the total therapeutic rate and reduce the rate of adverse effect

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL