Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 76
Filter
1.
International Journal of Cerebrovascular Diseases ; (12): 210-214, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989214

ABSTRACT

Cerebral small vessel disease (CSVD) is a group of pathological, imaging and clinical syndromes involving small cerebral vessels with different causes. The incidence rate of CSVD increases with age and is the most important cause of vascular cognitive impairment. Different diffusion imaging techniques can quantify white matter microstructure damage by revealing the diffusion movement of water molecules in specific brain tissues, explore the basis and biophysical mechanisms of tissue change, and have important value for the mechanism research, early diagnosis, progression risk, and therapeutic evaluation of cognitive impairment related to CSVD. This article reviews the research progress of diffusion magnetic resonance imaging in CSVD related cognitive impairment.

2.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 408-412, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996248

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical effect of osimertinib combined with bevacizumab in treatment of advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) with epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) T790M positive.Methods:A prospective study was conducted on 83 EGFR T790M-positive advanced NSCLC patients who were admitted to Anhui Chest Hospital from April 2018 to December 2020. The patients were randomly divided into the observation group and the control group using random number table method. Among them, 41 cases in the control group were treated with osimertinib, while 42 cases in the observation group were treated with osimertinib combined with bevacizumab. The clinical efficacy, tumor markers [carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA), serum neuron specific enolase (NSE)] levels, tumor vascular associated protein factor (S100β protein) level and adverse reactions between the two groups after 3 months of treatment were compared. Kaplan-Meier method was used to draw survival curves, and the 1-year survival status of patients in the two groups was compared.Results:The disease control rate in the observation group was 69.05% (29/42), which was higher than that in the control group [43.90% (18/41)] ( χ2 = 5.34, P = 0.021), but there was no statistical difference in the objective response rate between the two groups [33.33% (14/42) vs. 21.95% (9/41)] ( χ2 = 1.34, P = 0.247). After treatment, the serum levels of CEA [(19.9±3.6) μg/ml vs. (79.3±7.9) μg/ml, (27.8±4.8) μg/ml vs. (78.6±8.1) μg/ml] and NSE [(18.9±3.2) ng/ml vs. (27.2±5.0) ng/ml, (22.0±3.3) ng/ml vs. (26.1±4.8) ng/ml] in the observation group and control group were lower than those before treatment (all P < 0.05). There was no statistical difference in CEA and NSE levels between the two groups before treatment (both P > 0.05), and after treatment, the observation group was lower than the control group (both P < 0.001). The serum S100β levels of patients in the observation and control groups after treatment were all higher than those before treatment [(50±5) μg/ml vs.(44±5) μg/ml, (55±4) μg/ml vs. (45±6) μg/ml, both P = 0.001), and the difference in S100β level between the two groups before treatment was not statistically significant ( P > 0.05), and after treatment, the observation group was lower than the control group ( P < 0.001). Both groups of patients did not experience acute severe adverse reactions during the medication period. There were no statistical differences between the observation group and the control group in the incidence rates of nausea and vomiting [9.52% (4/42) vs. 7.32% (3/41)], constipation and diarrhea [4.76% (2/42) vs. 4.88% (2/41)], thrombocytopenia [9.52% (4/42) vs. 4.88% (2/41)], and liver function damage [7.14% (3/42) vs. 2.44% (1/41)] (all P > 0.05). The 1-year overall survival rate of the observation group was higher than that of the control group [68.3% (95% CI 47.9%-86.1%) vs. 41.0% (95% CI 22.4%-65.3%)], and the overall survival of the observation group was better than that of the control group ( χ2 = 2.60, P = 0.037). Conclusions:The combination of osimertinib and bevacizumab in treatment of EGFR T790M-positive advanced NSCLC can effectively regulate the levels of tumor related factors, with good efficacy and safety.

3.
Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine ; (12): 291-297, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933450

ABSTRACT

Objective:To develop an area under curve (AUC)-based nomogram to predict vancomycin-associated nephrotoxicity in critically ill patients.Methods:This retrospective cohort study included adult patients treated with vancomycin in the intensive care unit at a tertiary teaching hospital from January 2015 to December 2017. Baseline clinical characteristics before vancomycin treatment and pharmacokinetic parameters were collected to establish a prediction model of nephrotoxicity. Univariate analysis was used to screen variables, and multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to establish the prediction model and nomogram.Results:A total of 159 patients met the inclusion criteria, sixty-four were included in the final analysis. Sixteen patients (25%, 16/64) developed vancomycin-associated nephrotoxicity. The following variables were incorporated into the prediction model: vancomycin AUC, estimated glomerular filtration rate (GFR), and combined nephrotoxic drugs. The following equation was established to calculate the probability of nephrotoxicity: logit (P)=-4.83+0.009×AUC-2.87×1 (if GFR>60 ml/min)+2.53×1 (if number of combined nephrotoxic drugs≥2). A nomogram was generated based on the equation. The receiver-operating characteristic curve demonstrated that the AUC of the prediction model was 0.927 (95% CI 0.851-1.000). The cut-off value of the probability of nephrotoxicity was 26.48%. The sensitivity and specificity were 87.5% and 87.5% respectively. Conclusion:The incidence of vancomycin-associated nephrotoxicity is high. The AUC-based nomogram can effectively predict vancomycin-associated nephrotoxicity in critically ill patients.

4.
Chinese Journal of Behavioral Medicine and Brain Science ; (12): 1057-1063, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931877

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the sedative and anti-anxiety effects of levo-tetrahydropalmatine (L-THP) and diazepam on conditioned fear model rats.Methods:According to the random number table method, 32 adult male rats were divided into blank group, model group, diazepam group and L-THP group(with 8 rats in each group). The conditioned fear model was reproduced by the plantar electric shock method. Four days after the modeling, the rats in diazepam group and L-THP group were given diazepam (3.6 mg/kg) and L-THP (25 mg/kg) were respectively gavaged once a day for 10 days, the rats in blank group and model group were given the same volume of saline. After the administration, the elevated plus maze test and the open field test were used to measure the anxiety behavior of the rats, and the sleep energy monitoring system was used to detect changes in sleep and energy-related indicators. SPSS 23.0 and Graphpad Prism 7.0 softwares were used for data analysis, multiple samples between groups were compared by one-way ANOVA, and LSD test was used for pairwise comparison.Results:The results of the elevated plus maze experiment showed that compared with the model group, the percentage of open-arm entry times ((11.27±8.78)%, (30.11±14.59)%, P<0.05) and the percentage of open-arm residence time ((1.94±1.48)%, (17.53±8.21)%, P<0.05) in diazepam group were all significantly increased. Compared with the model group, the open arm residence time, the percentage of open arm residence time and the percentage of open arm entry times in L-THP group showed an upward trend, but there was no statistical significance (all P>0.05). The results of the open field experiment showed that compared with the model group, the time of entering the central grid ((2.99±1.83) s, (6.94±3.52) s, P<0.05) and the time of entering the peripheral field ((297.01±1.83) s, (293.30±3.52) s, P<0.05) in diazepam group both increased. Compared with the model group, there was no significant difference in the changes of various indexes in L-THP group (all P>0.05). The results of locomotor activities showed that the autonomic activity times of model group in nighttime was significantly lower than that of blank group((758.79±375.37)times/h, (1 101.93±525.96)times/h, P<0.05). Compared with the model group, the number of autonomous activities of rats in L-THP group in daytime ((820.57±364.60) times/min, (502.40±228.54)times/min, P<0.05) decreased, and the number of autonomous activities in the nighttime ((758.79±375.37) times/min, (1 146.85±309.69)times/min, P<0.05) increased, but there was no significant change in the number of autonomous activities in the whole day. Correlation analysis of energy metabolism related indexes and sleep time of rats in each group were analyzed. The experimental results showed that the daytime sleep time were negatively correlated with heat value ( r=-0.335, P<0.05), and the night sleep time was positively correlated with daytime heat value ( r=0.352, P<0.05). Conclusion:L-tetrahydropalmatine has no significant anti-anxiety effect in the concentration range used in this study, but its sedative and improving sleep activity rhythm are better than diazepam.

5.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics ; (12): 1328-1334, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1014951

ABSTRACT

The telomere/telomerase system, as a biological marker of aging, plays an important role in maintaining woman's health. The vulnerability of telomere-telomerase system is heightened in female during puberty, pregnancy and perimenopause period, which not only affect themselves, but also affect the healthy growth of offspring. Therefore, the purpose of this article is to provide basis for intervention time and method for delaying women aging due to the effects of estrogen levels, dietary, stress, movement, insulin resistance and sleep on the telomere/telomerase system during puberty, pregnancy and perimenopausal period.

6.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Ophthalmology ; (12): 238-242, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883324

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the repeatability of keratometry and astigmatism values measured by the OPD-Scan Ⅲ and the agreement of the parameters measured by OPD-Scan Ⅲ and Pentacam.Methods:A diagnostic test study design was adopted.Fifty patients (100 eyes) with refractive errors, aged from 21 to 35 years old, were selected from Second Affiliated Hospital of Nantong University and Lixiang Eye Hospital of Soochow University during August 2018.Spherical equivalent, astigmatim degree and axis were measured by Autorefraction.Corneal biometric measurements were measured three times continuously with the above two instruments.Keratometry values at the flat axis (K1), keratometry values at the steep axis (K2), astigmatim degree, axis, vector parameters J0 (Jackson cross cylinder at 0°or 180°) and J45 (Jackson cross cylinder at 45°) were recorded.Intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) was used for repeatability analysis.Wilcoxon signed rank test, Spearman correlation analysis and Bland-Altman graphs were employed to analyze the comparability.This study adhered to the Declaration of Helsinki and was approved by an Ethics Committee of Lixiang Eye Hospital of Soochow University (No.SLER2018112). Written informed consent was obtained from each patient prior to any examination.Results:The ICC of K1, K2, astigmatism, astigmatic axis, J0 and J45 measured by OPD-Scan Ⅲ were all greater than 0.900; the ICC of the astigmatism measured by Pentacam was 0.896, and the ICC of the other parameters measured by Pentacam were greater than 0.900; The values of K2, astigmatism, J0 and J45 measured by OPD-Scan Ⅲ were greater than those measured by Pentacam, and the differences were statistically significant (all at P<0.05). The values of K1, K2, astigmatism degree, axis, J0 and J45 measured by OPD-Scan Ⅲ were positively correlated with those measured by Pentacam (r s=0.981, 0.982, 0.900, 0.737, 0.921, 0.703, all at P<0.01). The 95% agreement of limits (LOA) of K1, K2, astigmatism, axis, J0 and J45 measurement difference between OPD-Scan Ⅲ and Pentacam were -0.52-0.50 D, -0.39-0.59 D, -0.37-0.48 D, -17.29°-20.38°, -0.12-0.24 D and -0.22-0.28 D, respectively. Conclusions:OPD-Scan Ⅲ has high credibility in measuring corneal refractive power and astigmatism degree, but its 95% LOA of astigmatism axis is too large to be accepted clinically.

7.
International Journal of Cerebrovascular Diseases ; (12): 258-264, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882401

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the correlation between the location and volume of cerebral microbleeds (CMBs) and lacunar infarction (LI) in patients with cerebral small vessel disease (CSVD).Methods:Participants from the CSVD cohort in the Department of Neurology, Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital, the Affiliated Hospital of Medical School of Nanjing University from February 2017 to March 2019 were enrolled retrospectively. All participants underwent magnetic resonance imaging scans, standardized clinical assessment and diagnosis. AccuBrain, an automatic brain segmentation and quantification software developed by the Chinese University of Hong Kong, was used to quantitatively analyze the volume of CMBs and white matter hyperintensities (WMHs). Ordered multi-class logistic regression analysis was used to determine the independent influencing factors of LI, and then multiple linear regression analysis was used to investigate the correlation between the volume of deep or infratentorial CMBs (DI-CMBs) and the number of LI. Results:A total of 317 patients with CSVD were included in the analysis, including 214 (67.5%) in the non-LI group, 43 (13.6%) in the single LI group, and 60 (18.9%) in the multiple LI group. The comparison of the three groups showed that older age, male, smoking, drinking, history of previous stroke or transient ischemic attack (TIA), lower levels of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, larger CMBs and WMHs volume, higher enlarged perivascular spaces (EPVS) grade might be the risk factors for LI. Ordinal multivariable logistic regression analysis showed that male (odds ratio [ OR] 2.058, 95% confidence interval [ CI] 1.084-3.909; P=0.027), previous stroke or TIA history ( OR 1.962, 95% CI 1.089-3.535; P=0.025), larger WMH volume ( OR 8.716, 95% CI 4.034-18.832; P<0.001), higher EPVS grade ( OR 1.915, 95% CI 1.292-2.839; P=0.001), larger DI-CMB volume ( OR 1.022, 95% CI 1.006-1.038; P=0.008) or more DI-CMB number ( OR 1.187, 95% CI 1.005-1.403; P=0.044) were the independent related factors of LI. Multiple linear regression analysis showed that there was a significant correlation between the volume of DI-CMB and the number of LI ( r=0.330, P<0.001). Conclusion:In patients with CSVD, there is a significant correlation between DI-CMBs and LI.

8.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 531-539, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870840

ABSTRACT

Neuroimaging technique is an important auxiliary to the diagnosis of cerebrovascular disease. With the rapid development of new imaging equipment and its technology, how to use and analyze the results correctly is very important for precision diagnosis and treatment. From a clinical perspective, we introduce the principle, characteristics and significance of clinical application of imaging for cerebrovascular diseases. To help understand and correctly apply and analyze, associated images are available. At the same time, the application and significance of multimodal image are introduced.

9.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 157-160, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870783

ABSTRACT

The 19th China Cerebrovascular Disease Congress,sponsored by the Chinese Medical Association and the Chinese Society of Neurology,was held in Nanjing from April 11 to 13,2019.At this meeting,experts in clinical and basic research on cerebrovascular diseases at home and abroad were invited and the latest research progress,clinical research and diagnosis and treatment guidelines at home and abroad were introduced.What is particularly wonderful is the case discussion of difficult cerebrovascular disease.

10.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 157-160, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799525

ABSTRACT

The 19th China Cerebrovascular Disease Congress, sponsored by the Chinese Medical Association and the Chinese Society of Neurology, was held in Nanjing from April 11 to 13, 2019. At this meeting, experts in clinical and basic research on cerebrovascular diseases at home and abroad were invited and the latest research progress, clinical research and diagnosis and treatment guidelines at home and abroad were introduced. What is particularly wonderful is the case discussion of difficult cerebrovascular disease.

11.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 947-952, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-829111

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to evaluate the safety and immunogenicity of the first domestic ACYW135 meningococcal conjugate vaccine and a control vaccine named AC group meningococcal conjugate vaccine for 3 months (90-119 days) infants. From February 2017 to June 2018, a randomized, blinded, and similar vaccine-controlled clinical trial design was adopted at the Henan Vaccine Clinical Research Base. The subjects were 3 months old healthy infants, a total of 720, based on a 1∶1 ratio. The random allocation table for entry was randomly assigned to the experimental group and the control group. According to the 3, 4, and 5 month-old vaccination procedures, the subjects were vaccinated with test vaccine (ACYW135 group meningococcal conjugate vaccine) and control vaccine (group A group C meningococcal polysaccharide conjugate vaccine), of which 720 were given the first dose, 696 were given the second dose (test group: 346; control group: 350), and 692 were given the third dose (test group: 344; Control group: 348). The overall adverse reaction rate of the test vaccine was 21.90% (230 cases), which was lower than the 32.04% (339 cases) of the control vaccine (0.05). Group Y and W135 was 88.17% (298 cases), 99.41% (336 cases), respectively. The GMT results showed that the test vaccine group A was 56.24, the control vaccine was 57.43 (>0.05); the group C test vaccine (43.53) was higher than the control group (27.28) (<0.001). The group Y and W135 are 89.22 and 140.66, respectively. Among them, the proportion of the group C GMT antibody ≥ 1∶128 for test vaccine (31.07%, 105 cases) was higher than the control vaccine (16.22%, 55 cases) (<0.001). ACYW135 group meningococcal conjugate vaccine has more safety and immunogenicity after application to 3 month old infants.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant , Antibodies, Bacterial , Meningococcal Vaccines , Allergy and Immunology , Vaccines, Conjugate
12.
Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases ; (12): 760-764, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-796407

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze the relationships between the exposure of occupational noise and the occurrence of noise-induced high frequency hearing loss in automobile manufacturing industry.@*Methods@#From June to November 2017, 1579 male workers were selected for exposure to noise hazards in the automobile manufacturing industry in Guangzhou for more than one year (including one year) using the convenient sampling method. According to the hearing test results, 276 people in the high frequency hearing loss group and 1303 in the normal hearing group were surveyed, occupational health tests were conducted, and the noise intensity in the workplace was measured. The cumulative noise exposure (CNE) was calculated. The relationship between shift work and high frequency hearing loss of noise work is analyzed.@*Results@#Compared with the normal hearing group, the noise exposure intensity, age, length of service, marital status, working system, and physical exercise of the high frequency hearing loss group were statistically significant (P<0.05). Through logistic regression analysis, after correcting the effects of organic solvent contact, marital status, and physical exercise, CNE, age, and shift operations (double-shift operations, three-shift operations) are the risk factors for high frequency hearing loss to occur.@*Conclusion@#The risk of hearing loss of workers exposed to noise in the whole vehicle manufacturing industry may be related to CNE, age, and shift work. Two-shift and three-shift work are possible risk factors for noise-induced high frequency hearing loss.

13.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 1165-1167, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-797049

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the outcome of long-term cognitive function after liver transplantation in children and the role of age factor.@*Methods@#Ninety-five pediatric patients, aged 2 yr and 6 months to 6 yr and 11 months at test, at least 1 yr after liver transplantation, were selected.The children′s cognitive function was assessed using Chinese Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children.The patients were divided into 2 groups according to the age at transplantation: ≤1 yr group (L1 group, n=65) and > 1 yr group (M1 group, n=22).@*Results@#Compared with the normal value, the scores of verbal comprehension and total intelligence quotient (IQ) were significantly decreased, and the proportion of children who had above-average IQ was decreased 1 yr after liver transplantation, the scores of verbal comprehension were decreased, and the proportion of children who had above-average IQ was decreased in group L1, and the scores of verbal comprehension, visual space and total IQ were significantly decreased, the proportion of children who had above-average IQ was reduced, and the proportion of children who had below-average IQ was increased in group M1(P<0.05). Compared with L1 group, the total IQ score was significantly decreased, the proportion of children who had above-average IQ was reduced, and the proportion of children who had below-average IQ was increased in group M1 (P<0.05).@*Conclusion@#The long-term cognitive function of children after liver transplantation is lower than that of normal children, and the long-term cognitive function of children ≤1 yr is better than that of children >1 yr.

14.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 281-285, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-805051

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To construct and screen optimal siRNA interference sequence of CIT gene and to detect its interference efficiency as well as proliferation effect in human hepatoma cell line SK-Hep-1.@*Methods@#Three siRNA target spots were designed and synthesized according to the CIT gene sequence. SK-Hep-1 HCC cells were transfected by liposome transfection. The knockdown efficiency of the target CIT gene was detected by real-time PCR and Western blot. Expressional change of CIT in SK-Hep-1 cells after 48 hours of siRNA interference were observed by immunohistochemistry and confocal microscopy. The proliferation of SK-Hep-1 cells after 48 hours of siRNA interference was detected by EdU cell proliferation assay. A t-test was used to compare the mean of two samples, and one-way ANOVA was used to compare the mean of multiple samples.@*Results@#Western blot results showed that the three interference sequences were targeted at different target spots. The expression level of CIT protein in KD-1,-2, and-3 groups were decreased (P < 0.01) than control, while the protein expression level of KD1 group was the lowest. Real-time PCR results showed that compared with the control group, the expression level of CIT mRNA in KD-1, -2, and -3 groups decreased (P < 0.01), while that in KD1 group was the lowest. Laser confocal microscopy also confirmed that the morphological expression of CIT attenuated significantly after transfection with siRNA. The results of EdU proliferation assay showed that siRNA transfected with CIT significantly attenuated the proliferation of SK-Hep-1 hepatoma cells (P < 0.05).@*Conclusion@#The successful construction and screening of siRNA fragments can effectively inhibit the expression and proliferation of CIT gene in hepatoma SK-Hep-1.

15.
Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases ; (12): 201-206, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-804799

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the prevalence of work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WMSDs) in male welders in different work areas of shipbuilding industry based on their operational working position and body position characteristics and to analyze the operational positions and ergonomic loads.@*Methods@#In February 2017, 412 male welders from the hull and block work areas of a large ship factory were selected by stratified sampling. The prevalence and effects of WMSDs within a year were investigated using the Nordic Musculoskeletal Disorders Questionnaire, and a rapid exposure checklist was used to obtain the ergonomic load index by comprehensive scoring; the exposure-response relationship between the ergonomic loads and WMSDs symptoms of subjects in the hull and block work areas was evaluated.@*Results@#Among the male welders working in the hull work area of shipbuilding industry, WMSDs occurred more commonly in the neck, lower back/waist, and legs, accounting for 53.16% (126/237) , 51.90% (123/237) , and 41.77% (99/237) , respectively; among those working in the block work area, WMSDs occurred more commonly in the lower back/waist, wrist, and legs, accounting for 52.57% (92/175) , 49.14% (86/175) , and 45.14% (79/175) , respectively. There were significant differences in the distribution of cases of pain within the last 7 days and one month, pain lasting more than one month, or absence from work due to pain within a year in the four positions between the two work areas (P<0.05). In the hull work area, high and extremely high exposure levels were mainly seen in the neck, lower back/waist, and legs, accounting for 76.79%(182/237), 69.20%(164/237), and 59.49%(141/237), respectively; in the block work area, high and extremely high exposure levels were mainly seen in the lower back/waist, wrist, and legs, accounting for 77.71%(136/175), 50.29% (88/175), and 46.29% (81/175), respectively. The detection rates of WMSDs in these four positions significantly increased as the exposure levels rose (P<0.01).@*Conclusion@#The WMSDs of male welders working in the hull and block work areas of shipbuilding industry occurs more commonly in the lower back/waist and legs. The risk of WMSDs symptoms increases with the rise of ergonomic load.

16.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 1165-1167, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-824680

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the outcome of long-term cognitive function after liver transplan-tation in children and the role of age factor.Methods Ninety-five pediatric patients,aged 2 yr and 6 months to 6 yr and 11 months at test,at least 1 yr after liver transplantation,were selected.The children's cognitive function was assessed using Chinese Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children.The patients were divided into 2 groups according to the age at transplantation: ≤1 yr group(L1 group,n=65)and > 1 yr group(M1 group,n=22).Results Compared with the normal value,the scores of verbal comprehension and total intelligence quotient(IQ)were significantly decreased,and the proportion of children who had a-bove-average IQ was decreased 1 yr after liver transplantation,the scores of verbal comprehension were de-creased,and the proportion of children who had above-average IQ was decreased in group L1,and the scores of verbal comprehension,visual space and total IQ were significantly decreased,the proportion of children who had above-average IQ was reduced,and the proportion of children who had below-average IQ was increased in group M1(P<0.05).Compared with L1 group,the total IQ score was significantly de-creased,the proportion of children who had above-average IQ was reduced,and the proportion of children who had below-average IQ was increased in group M1(P<0.05).Conclusion The long-term cognitive function of children after liver transplantation is lower than that of normal children,and the long-term cogni-tive function of children ≤1 yr is better than that of children >1 yr.

17.
Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine ; (12): 572-576, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-755745

ABSTRACT

Objective To assess the rate achieving the target vancomycin trough level (VTL) and its influencing factors in critically ill patients.Methods The retrospective observational study recruited adult patients treated with intravenous vancomycin in the intensive care unit (ICU) at Zhongda Hospital from January 2015 to December 2017.Serum VTL was tested at steady state.Patients' demographics,the sites of infection,microbial culture results,the severity of illness,laboratory data and vancomycin regimen were obtained at the baseline.The rate achieving target VTL (15-20 mg/L) was analyzed based on renal function.Linear regression was performed to determine the influencing factors of VTL.Results A total of 85 patients were enrolled,among whom only 23.5% (20/85) achieved the target VTL.In patients with normal renal function,the achieving rate was only 11.4% (4/35),and 80.0% (28/35) was lower than the target trough level multiple linear regression analysis showed that procalcitonin (PCT),estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) and acute physiology and chronic health disease classification system Ⅱ (APACHE Ⅱ) score were independent factors associated with VTL.Conclusion Achieving target VTL in critically ill patients is not satisfactory.Further study to optimize the administration is needed to facilitate prompt attainment of target VTL.

18.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 335-350, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774982

ABSTRACT

Scavenging reactive oxygen species (ROS) by antioxidants is the important therapy to cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury (CIRI) in stroke. The antioxidant with novel dual-antioxidant mechanism of directly scavenging ROS and indirectly through antioxidant pathway activation may be a promising CIRI therapeutic strategy. In our study, a series of chalcone analogues were designed and synthesized, and multiple potential chalcone analogues with dual antioxidant mechanisms were screened. Among these compounds, the most active not only conferred cytoprotection of HO-induced oxidative damage in PC12 cells through scavenging free radicals directly and activating NRF2/ARE antioxidant pathway at the same time, but also played an important role against ischemia/reperfusion-related brain injury in animals. More importantly, in comparison with mono-antioxidant mechanism compounds, exhibited higher cytoprotective and neuroprotective potential and Overall, our findings showed compound could emerge as a promising anti-ischemic stroke drug candidate and provided novel dual-antioxidant mechanism strategies and concepts for oxidative stress-related diseases treatment.

19.
Chinese Journal of Endocrine Surgery ; (6): 22-25, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-743390

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate and compare the consistency and repeatability of three-dimensional ultrasound (3D-US) virtual organ computer-aided analysis (VOCAL) technique and two-dimensional ultrasound (2D-US) in the measurement of thyroid volume.Methods The thyroid volume of 50 healthy female adults aged 18 to 68 years were measured by 2D-US and 3D-US.The 2D-US was used to measure the three diameter lines (L,H,W) of the largest thyroid section,and the thyroid volume was calculated by the classical ellipsoid formula V=0.523×L×H×W.The 3D-US VOCAL technique was used to acquire the thyroid three-dimensional data,and VOCAL software was used to measure the thyroid volume.The two methods of measurement were also compared and analyzed.Results The coefficient of variation in the intra-assay was 0.738% and 1.59% respectively for the 3D-US VOCAL technology and traditional 2D-US measurement of thyroid volume,and the 95% limit of agreement in the intra-assay was (-0.26 cm3,0.22 cm3) and (-0.32 cm3,0.46 cm3).In addition,the correlation coefficient in the inter-assay were 0.970xx and 0.942xx,and the 95% limit of agreement were (-0.36 cm3,0.37 cm3) and (-0.75 cm3,0.64 cm3).To compare the two methods of measuring thyroid volume,the 3D-US VOCAL had a lower variation coefficient in the intra-assay,a higher correlation coefficient in the inter-assay and a narrower 95% limit of agreement,which showed that the repeatability of the 3D-US VOCAL technique measuring was better than the traditional 2D-US in measuring thyroid volume.Conclusions The 3D-US VOCAL technique shows a higher repeatability in measuring thyroid than traditional 2D-US.As a safe,simple and feasible precise measurement method,it provides a reliable and effective new method for clinical measurement of irregular organ volume.

20.
International Journal of Cerebrovascular Diseases ; (12): 37-43, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-742966

ABSTRACT

Cerebral small vessel disease (CSVD) is a group of syndromes involving cerebral microcirculation.The clinical manifestations include stroke,dementia,abnormal gait,and urination disorders,etc.There is currently no effective treatment option.Prostaglandins and their analogues exert multiple effects such as dilating blood vessels,inhibiting platelet aggregation,protecting endothelium,and improving microcirculation by activating specific receptors.They may have a certain effect on the CSBD.This article reviews the possibility of prostaglandins and their analogues in the treatment and prevention of CSVD.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL