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1.
Chinese Journal of Primary Medicine and Pharmacy ; (12): 787-790, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991819

ABSTRACT

Leucine-rich alpha-2 glycoprotein 1 (LRG1) is a highly conserved member of the family of leucine-rich repeat (LRR) proteins. LRG1 has been reported to be closely related to the occurrence and development of malignant tumors. Recent studies have shown that LRG1 is abnormally expressed in many digestive system tumors, including esophageal cancer, gastric cancer, liver cancer, pancreatic cancer, and colorectal cancer. LRG1 has also been reported to be closely related to tumor cell proliferation, invasion, migration, apoptosis, and poor prognosis. This paper reviews the research progress of LRG1 in many digestive system tumors, providing new ideas for LRG1-based anti-tumor treatment.

2.
Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 582-587, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982790

ABSTRACT

Tinnitus refers to the perception of abnormal sound in the absence of external sound stimulation. It can have an impact on a person's mood, memory, attention, and mental state, although the mechanism of tinnitus is still unclear. In recent years, the research on the central neural mechanism of tinnitus has attracted the attention of scholars.Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI),as an effective imaging technology, has been actively employed in this field. This paper provides a systematic summary of studies on the central neural mechanism of tinnitus by fMRI in recent years,revealed the changes of functional connections among tinnitus-related neural networks,such as auditory network,limbic system,default mode network and salience network. The central neural mechanism of tinnitus involves multiple networks that interact with each other. By understanding this mechanism, we hope to develop more targeted prevention and treatment strategies to help patients alleviate long-term tinnitus.


Subject(s)
Humans , Tinnitus/diagnostic imaging , Magnetic Resonance Imaging/methods , Attention
3.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 340-348, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971877

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the status of self-efficacy, quality of care and quality of life of people with physical disabilities, and analyze the relationship among them. MethodsFrom January, 2019 to December, 2020, 357 people with physical disabilities in Shandong were selected with cluster stratified random sampling, and all the participants were investigated with a general questionnaire, World Health Organization Quality of Life-Disability Scales, General Self-Efficacy Scale and World Health Organization Quality of Care and Support Scale-Disability Scale on internet. ResultsA total of 357 questionnaires were collected, in which 350 were valid. The total score was (115.00±20.70) for quality of life, (23.33±5.78) for self-efficacy, and (50.43±10.56) for quality of care. The quality of life and its each domain was positively correlated with self-efficacy (r > 0.282, P < 0.01), quality of care, care information acquisition, care giving and care environment (r > 0.369, P < 0.01). Employment, self-efficacy and quality of care associated with the quality of life (t > 4.386, P < 0.001); employment, self-efficacy, care giving and care environment associated with the physiological, psychological and environment domains of the quality of life (t > 2.926, P < 0.01); parents as main caregivers, employment, self-efficacy, care giving and care environment associated with social relationships domain of the quality of life (|t| > 2.525, P < 0.05); parents as main caregivers, employment, care giving and care environment associated with the disability domain of the quality of life (|t| > 2.209, P < 0.05). ConclusionThe quality of life needs to be improved for the people with physical disabilities. Self-efficacy and quality of care may impact the quality of life; and it is needed to focus on the people with physical disabilities who are unemployed and whose parents are the main caregivers.

4.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 181-192, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996825

ABSTRACT

Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a progressive interstitial lung disease with unknown etiology and poor prognosis. At present, there are few antifibrotic drugs, which have limited efficacy and cause diverse side effects in the treatment of IPF, failing to meet the clinical needs. Therefore, it is urgent to develop more safe and effective drugs to treat IPF. Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) has garnered increasing attention in recent years in the treatment of IPF due to its unique advantages. Increasing studies have shown that Chinese medicines have remarkable therapeutic effects on IPF and broad application prospects. However, the unclear material basis and mechanism in treating IPF hinders the modernization, internationalization, and clinical application of Chinese medicines. Therefore, it is essential to decipher the mechanism of the active components in Chinese medicines in treating IPF, which has gradually become a hot spot in the research on IPF. Increasing research results have demonstrated that anti-inflammation, anti-oxidation, inhibition of epithelial-mesenchymal transition are involved in the treatment of IPF with these active components, whereas the systematic research and summary remain to be carried out. By reviewing the articles about the treatment of IPF with the active components in Chinese medicines in recent years, this paper summarizes the mechanism and experimental studies and puts forward the existing problems in the research on the mechanism, aiming to provide references for the further basic research on IPF and the development of targerted drugs.

5.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 691-696, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927563

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Coronavirus disease 2019 (Covid-19) remains a serious health threat worldwide. We aimed to investigate whether low molecular weight heparin (LMWH) can promote organ function recovery in moderate Covid-19 pneumonia patients.@*METHODS@#We initiated an LMWH protocol in Covid-19 patients with increased D-dimer, body mass index >30 kg/m2 or a history of diabetes from January 18, 2020 at Shanghai Public Health Clinical Center. In this retrospective study, we assigned moderate Covid- 19 pneumonia patients admitted between January 18th and April 18, 2020 receiving the LMWH protocol to the LMWH group. Moderate patients who met the inclusion criteria but did not receive LMWH protocol were included in the control group by 1:2 propensity score matching. General clinical information, indicators for renal function, arterial blood gas analyses, arterial blood lactic acid content (mmol/L), and coagulation indexes at 0 day, 3 days, 7 days, and 11 days after admission were recorded and compared between the two groups.@*RESULTS@#There were 41 patients in the LMWH group and 82 patients in the control group. General information in both groups were similar. Compared to the control group, the arterial blood lactic acid content (mmol/L) at day 11 (1.3 [1.1, 1.7] vs. 1.2 [0.9, 1.3], P = 0.016) was reduced in the LMWH group. The estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) in the LMWH group was higher than that in the control group at day 7 (108.54 [89.11, 128.17] vs. 116.85 [103.39, 133.47], P = 0.039) and day 11 (113.74 [94.49, 126.34] vs. 128.31 [112.75, 144, 12], P  = 0.003). The serum creatinine levels (Scr) in the LMWH group were lower than that in the control group at day 7 (62.13 [51.47, 77.64] vs. 55.49 [49.50, 65.75], P = 0.038) and day 11 (63.35 [50.17, 75.73] vs. 51.62 [44.62, 61.24], P = 0.005).@*CONCLUSIONS@#LMWH treatment can reduce arterial blood lactic acid levels and improve eGFR in moderate Covid-19 pneumonia patients. Randomized controlled trials are warranted to further investigate this issue.@*TRIAL REGISTRATION@#ChiCTR.org.cn, ChiCTR2000034796.


Subject(s)
Humans , COVID-19 , China , Glomerular Filtration Rate , Heparin, Low-Molecular-Weight/therapeutic use , Lactic Acid , Retrospective Studies
6.
Chinese Pediatric Emergency Medicine ; (12): 784-789, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-955142

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the early clinical features of children with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in order to further improve the understanding of the disease.Methods:A total of 312 children with COVID-19 under 16 years old who were first diagnosed in the children′s fever clinic at Xinhua Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine from March to May 2022 were retrospectively analyzed.The epidemiology, early clinical features and blood routine results of children were described, and the blood routine results among different age groups were compared.Results:The median age of 312 children was 3.15(1.47, 6.51) years.The proportion of infection rate of children with different ages from high to low were 1~3 years old, > 6 years old, 3~6 years old and ≤ 1 year old.Only 17 (5.4%) cases had underlying diseases.Additionally, 70.2% patients had definite positive case reports in their residential communities, and 65.1% showed a familial cluster.Moreover, 96.2% patients had fever and 52.9% patients had respiratory symptoms.The main symptoms are fever (96.2%), cough (38.1%), runny nose (20.2%), vomiting (14.7%), sore throat (11.5%), poor appetite (6.7%), nasal congestion (4.5%), expectoration (4.5%), convulsion (4.2%), diarrhea (3.8%), etc.Among 309 children, 11.3% patients had increased white blood cell count, especially in children over 6 years old ( P=0.006); 31.7% patients had decreased lymphocyte count and 32.4% had increased C-reactive protein.The positive rate of point-of-care testing was as high as 99%. Conclusion:Children with COVID-19 in Shanghai had the characteristics of familial cluster.The main symptoms are fever and respiratory symptoms.Most of the blood routine leukocytes have no obvious changes, and a few have lymphopenia and C-reactive protein elevation.Point-of-care testing detection can help the children′s fever clinic to early screen COVID-19.

7.
Chinese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology ; (12): 25-31, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932421

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the prenatal diagnosis results and pregnancy outcomes of conotruncal defects (CTD) fetuses, and to explore the correlation between the CTD and chromosome diseases.Methods:A total of 297 cases of invasive prenatal diagnosis and chromosome analysis were collected at the Prenatal Diagnosis Center of Guangzhou Women and Children′s Medical Center due to CTD from January 1st, 2011 to December 31th, 2019. According to ultrasonic diagnosis, CTD fetuses were divided into 6 subtypes: tetralogy of Fallot (109 cases), pulmonary atresia (30 cases), transposition of the great arteries (77 cases), double outlet right ventricle (53 cases), truncus arteriosus (14 cases) and interrupted aortic arch (14 cases). According to whether they were combined with intracardiac or extracardiac abnormalities, they were divided into simple group (134 cases), combined with other intracardiac abnormalities group (86 cases), combined with extracardiac abnormalities group (20 cases), combined with intracardiac and extracardiac abnormalities group (37 cases) and only combined with ultrasound soft marker group (20 cases), the last 4 groups were referred as non-simple types. The chromosome test results and pregnancy outcomes of each type and group were analyzed retrospectively.Results:Among the 297 CTD fetuses, the chromosome abnormality rate was 17.5% (52/297). There were 21 cases of abnormal chromosome number, 28 cases of pathogenetic copy number variantions and 3 cases of mosaics. All the 19 cases of micropathogenic fragments smaller than 5 Mb were detected by chromosomal microarray analysis (CMA). Among all the subtypes of CTD, the chromosomal abnormality rate of truncus arteriosus was the highest, at 7/14; while the rate of transposition of the great arteries was the lowest, at 5.2% (4/77). There were significant differences in the rate of chromosomal abnormalities between simple and non-simple types [10.4% (14/134) vs 23.3% (38/163); χ2 =8.428, P=0.004]. In each group, the chromosomal abnormality rate was the highest in the combined with intracardiac and extracardiac abnormalities group, at 37.8% (14/37), and the lowest in the simple group, at 10.4% (14/134). There was no significant difference in the rate of chromosomal abnormalities in all subtypes of simple group (all P>0.05). Among 112 cases of live birth, 1 case was 22q11.2 microdeletion syndrome, 5 cases of postnatal clinical diagnosis and prenatal ultrasound diagnosis were not completely consistent, 5 cases died after birth. Conclusions:The incidence of chromosomal abnormalities is high in fetuses with CTD. CTD fetuses with concurrent extrapardiac malformations are more likely to incorporate chromosomal abnormalities. CMA technology could be used as a first-line genetic detection method for CTD. After excluding chromosomal abnormalities, most of the children with CTD have good prognosis.

8.
Chinese Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism ; (12): 823-829, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957621

ABSTRACT

Type 2 diabetes mellitus is commonly associated with cardiovascular, renal complications, osteoporosis and other comorbidities. Sodium-glucose co-transporter 2 inhibitor (SGLT-2i) can reduce blood glucose level in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus by promoting urine glucose excretion, and has the effect of weight loss and blood pressure reduction. Large randomized controlled clinical trials have shown that SGLT-2i can improve the prognosis of cardiovascular disease and diabetic nephropathy. This article focuses on the effects of SGLT-2i on cardiorenal outcomes and bone metabolism in addition to the glucose-lowering effect. SGLT-2i can improve the prognosis of patients with coronary atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease, reduce the risk of hospitalization for heart failure, reduce cardiovascular diseases and all-cause mortality, and has renal protective effect. Moreover, the cardiorenal protective effect is proved to be consistent in people without type 2 diabetes. SGLT-2i has a regulatory effect on bone mineral ions and bone metabolism related hormones, and its risk of osteoporosis and fracture deserves attention. Although data suggest that canagliflozin may increase fracture risk, meta-analyses of multiple clinical trials have concluded that SGLT-2i does not significantly increase fracture risk. However, for patients with high risk of fracture, bone mineral density and bone turnover biomarkers should be considered to assess the risk of fracture before prescription.

9.
International Journal of Cerebrovascular Diseases ; (12): 210-214, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929908

ABSTRACT

Vascular cognitive impairment (VCI) is the second most common type of dementia after Alzheimer's disease. As the pathway between the central nervous system and gastrointestinal tract, brain-gut axis has become one of the research hotspots in the pathogenesis of many diseases. Intestinal flora imbalance may mediate or affect vascular risk factors such as atherosclerosis, hypertension, metabolic diseases, and ischemic stroke, and finally accelerate the occurrence and development of VCI. This article reviews the literature on intestinal flora and VCI as well as its main risk factors, in order to provide new ideas for the prevention and treatment of VCI.

10.
Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 1194-1198, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907931

ABSTRACT

Influenza virus infection mainly mediates pathology in respiratory tract, but recent years it has drawn widespread attention by its extrapulmonary complications.Among all the complications, influenza associated encephalo-pathy/encephalitis (IAE), which has high morbidity and mortality, is the most lethal one that causes death in critically ill cases, and even those patients who are cured commonly suffer from neurological sequelae.However, there is little knowledge about IAE in the international society.In this paper, the research progress in IAE would be reviewed from such aspects as clinical manifestations, epidemiologic data, risk factors, classification, treatment, prognosis and mechanism, for the purpose of deepening the comprehension of this disease.

11.
International Journal of Cerebrovascular Diseases ; (12): 583-588, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907367

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the predictive value of neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR) for hemorrhagic transformation (HT) in patients with acute ischemic stroke (AIS).Methods:Consecutive patients with AIS without performing intravenous thrombolysis and mechanical thrombectomy admitted to the Cerebrovascular Disease Treatment Center, the Affiliated Brain Hospital of Nanjing Medical University from December 2015 to December 2020 were enrolled. The clinical, imaging and laboratory examination data were collected. HT was defined as the first imaging examination of AIS patients without finding bleeding signs, but the imaging reexamination after hospitalization found intracranial hemorrhage. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to determine the independent correlation between NLR and HT. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to analyze the predictive value of NLR for HT. Results:A total of 805 patients with AIS were included. The median age was 67 years (interquartile range, 63-71 years), the median National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) score was 4 (interquartile range, 2-9), the median NLR was 3.84 (interquartile range, 2.66-5.30). Seventy-ywo patients (8.9%) had HT. There were significant differences in age, baseline systolic blood pressure, baseline NIHSS score, time from onset to admission, time from onset to blood collection, time from onset to imaging reexamination, NLR, atrial fibrillation, history of previous stroke and transient ischemic attack and stroke etiology between the HT group and the non-HT group (all P<0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that NLR was an independent risk factor for HT in patients with AIS after adjusting for confounding factors (odds ratio 1.355, 95% confidence interval 1.099-1.672; P=0.005). The ROC curve analysis showed that the area under the curve of NLR predicting HT was 0.852, and the optimal cut-off value was 4.75. Its sensitivity and specificity of predicting HT were 88.3% and 71.8% respectively. Conclusion:High NLR is an independent risk factor for HT in patients with AIS during hospitalization, and had better predictive value for HT risk.

12.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 34-39, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862262

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To investigate the protective effects of drug-contained serum of Xiaoxuming decoction (XXM)on astrocyte of oxygen and glucose deprivation model rats ,and to explore its mechanisms. METHODS :The astrocytes of rats were randomly divided into control group ,model group and XXM low-dose ,middle-dose,high-dose groups. The cells in the control group were not treated ;after 2.5 h of OGD ,model group and XXM low-dose ,middle-dose,high-dose groups were reoxygenated for 0,3,6,12 h in 0(i.e. the model group was not added with drugs ),2.5%,5%,10% of XXM ,respectively. The content of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH)was detected by colorimetry. The reactive oxygen species (ROS)level was detected by fluorescence probe method ,and the expression of Manganese superoxide dismutase (MnSOD)was determined by immunofluorescence double staining method in control group ,model group and XXM high-dose group after 12 h of reoxygenation following OGD. RESULTS : The content of LDH in the control group was always kept at a low level ;LDH content in the model group gradually increased from (110.99±17.06)U/L to (436.64±55.29)U/L after 0-12 h of reoxygenation following OGD ,which was significantly higher than that in the control group (P<0.05). Compared with model group at the same time point after reoxygenation following OGD ,the contents of LDH in the cells of XXM low-dose ,medium-dose and high-dose groups were decreased to different extents ,and showed a time-and dose-dependent trend. The contents of LDH in XXM groups at 6 and 12 h after reoxygenation following OGD were significantly lower than that of the model group (P<0.05). At 12 h after reoxygenation following OGD ,the levels of ROS in model group were significantly higher than control group , while the level of MnSOD was significantly lower than control group(P<0.05). The level of ROS in XXM high-dose group hospital.sh.cn was significantly lower than model group ,while the level of MnSOD was significantly higher than model group (P<0.05).. CONCLUSIONS:XXM can protect astrocyte by up-regulating sh.cn levels of MnSOD ,scavenging excessive oxygen free radicals , to relieve the OGD induced astrocytic injury ,with protective effect.

13.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 2670-2684, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888879

ABSTRACT

Lung cancers are the leading cause of cancer deaths worldwide and pose a grave threat to human life and health. Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is the most frequent malignancy occupying 80% of all lung cancer subtypes. Except for other mutations (

14.
Chinese Pediatric Emergency Medicine ; (12): 28-33, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883157

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the acute kidney injury(AKI) after cardiopulmonary bypass surgery for cyanotic congenital heart diseases(C-CHD) as well as and acyanotic congenital heart diseases(A-CHD)and its possible influencing factors.Methods:One hundred and three patients with CHD admitted to PICU of Xinhua Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai Jiaotong University were enrolled from July 1, 2017 to September 30, 2019.The patients were divided into C-CHD group( n=36)and A-CHD group( n=67). The preoperative general data and information related to the operation of two groups were recorded.Hemodynamic data, oxygen metabolism index, dose of vasoactive drugs during or after operation and liquid equilibrium were assessed after surgery.The incidence and stage of AKI were calculated.Multivariate Logistic regression was used to analyze the relationship between hemodynamic index and oxygen metabolism index and AKI.The predictive value of hemodynamics and oxygen metabolism for AKI after cardiac surgery was analyzed by receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC). Results:A total of one hundred and three patients were enrolled including sixty-two males and forty-one females, the median age was 7(4, 24) months old.The preoperative hemoglobin and hematocrit in the C-CHD group were higher than those in the A-CHD group( P<0.05). Compared with the A-CHD group, the C-CHD group had higher American Society of Anesthesiologists Grades and Risk Adjustment for Congenital Heart Surgery Grades, longer operation time and cardiopulmonary bypass time( P<0.05). Central venous pressure in C-CHD group was higher than that in A-CHD group, and C-CHD group had higher dose of vasoactive drugs after surgery( P<0.05). Compared with the C-CHD group, blood lactic acid was lower and arterial oxygen partial pressure was higher in the A-CHD group( P<0.05). Fifty patients developed AKI in the PICU, and the incidence of AKI in the A-CHD group was higher than that in the C-CHD, but there was no statistical significance(53.7% vs.38.9%, P>0.05). Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that partial arterial oxygen pressure and arterial oxygen satiety were independent risk factors for AKI( P<0.05). The large circulation index could not directly reflect the renal perfusion.Compared with using hemodynamic index or oxygen metabolism index alone to predict the occurrence of AKI 48 h after the operation, the combined application of the two methods had higher predictive value for AKI. Conclusion:Compared with patient with A-CHD, patients with C-CHD have higher tolerance to renal damage caused by surgery, and the kidney of patient with C-CHD have higher tolerance to postoperative fluid load and demand lower oxygen consumption.It is of great clinical significance to evaluate the changes of hemodynamics and oxygen metabolism after cardiac surgery for the prevention and treatment of renal injury.

15.
International Journal of Cerebrovascular Diseases ; (12): 931-934, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929869

ABSTRACT

Stroke is one of the most important diseases in the world with high mortality and disability rate. Acute ischemic stroke (AIS) is more than 80% in total. At present, the main treatments for AIS include intravenous thrombolysis and endovascular mechanical thrombectomy. Cognitive impairment is a common or potentially disabling effect of stroke, but the optimal treatment of post-stroke cognitive impairment remains controversial. This article reviews the effects of treatments for acute ischemic stroke on cognitive function.

16.
Chinese Journal of Pancreatology ; (6): 114-119, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-865683

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical value of procalcitonin (PCT) in predicting mortality of patients with acute biliary pancreatitis (ABP).Methods:The clinical data of 196 ABP patients admitted in the emergency department of Ruijin Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai Jiaotong University Medical College from January 2013 to June 2017 were analyzed retrospectively. The enrolled patients were divided into survival group ( n=176) and death group ( n=20) according to clinical outcome, and their clinical characteristics, laboratory results(including WBC, CRP, PCT), APACHEⅡ score, BISAP score, modified Marshall score, SOFA score and CTSI at admission were compared between two groups. The ROC curve and AUC were used to evaluate the effectiveness of PCT and multiple scoring systems in predicting mortality in ABP patients, and the Delong test was used to compare the predictive efficacy of various methods at 1-2 d, 3-4 d, and 5-7 d days after onset. Results:The PCT level, APACHEⅡ score, BISAP score, modified Marshall score, SOFA score, and CTSI of patients in the death group were significantly higher than those in the survival group [6.98(3.12, 13.64) μg/L vs 0.55(0.17, 1.74) μg/L, 12.00(6.00, 18.75) vs 6.00(3.00, 9.00), 3.20±1.47 vs 1.59±1.05, 2.85±0.37 vs 1.96±0.64, 5.50(4.00, 9.50) vs 2.00(1.00, 4.25), 5.05±2.33 vs 3.39±1.74], and all the differences were statistically significant (all P values <0.05). The AUC of PCT for predicting death was 0.881 (95% CI 0.820-0.938)and the cut-off value was 2.44. The predictive value of PCT was similar to that of the modified Marshall score, BISAP score and SOFA score, but higher than that of APACHEⅡ score and CTSI (all P values <0.05). The predictive AUC of PCT at 3-4 days after onset was higher than that of modified Marshall score, BISAP score and SOFA score, and were significantly higher than those at 1-2 days after onset. Conclusions:PCT can be used to predict the mortality of ABP within 7 days of onset. The predictive value of PCT was comparable to the modified Marshall score, BISAP score and SOFA score, and the best predictive time was 3-4 days after onset.

17.
International Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (6): 1008-1013, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-863722

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the medication rules of modern physicians on treating depression syndrome, so as to provide reference for clinical treatment of depression syndrome.Methods:We collect and sort out the modern medical records of depression syndrome in the cloud platform of ancient and modern medical records (v1.5) and the modern medical records' database of famous doctors, and search CNKI, Chongqing VIP and Wanfang databases for the modern depression medical cases from journals during database establishment time to October 1, 2018. We extracted traditional Chinese medicine prescription data in the medical records, and applied the ancient and modern medical records cloud platform (v 1.5) to standardize the acquired TCM data, and integrate data mining function for frequency statistics, cluster analysis, association analysis and complex network analysis to obtain the high frequency of drugs' attributes, classification, and common drug pairs and core prescriptions of modern doctors. Results:After screening, a total of 1 984 cases were included, 3 618 cases were diagnosed, and 3 089 pieces of data of TCM prescriptions were included. A total of 1 458 medicines were involved, and the total frequency of medication was 39 634. The high frequency medicines were: Bupleurum chinense (1 546 times), Poria cocos (1 210 times), Angelica sinensis (1 167 times), Paeonia lactiflora (1 109 times) and Tulip (1 091 times). The commonly used Chinese medicines were mainly warm, flat, bitter and bitter, mostly attributed to the four meridians of spleen, lung, liver and heart. Commonly used medicines were Radix Paeoniae Alba- Bupleurum, Radix Angelicae- Bupleurum, Radix Bupleurum- Tulip, Radix Angelicae- Paeoniae Alba, Radix Angelicae- Paeoniae Alba- Bupleurum, etc. The core prescriptions were Suanzaoren Decoction, Chaihu- Shugan San and Erchen Decoction. Conclusions:Modern physicians' treating principles for depression syndrome is soothing liver and regulating qi, invigorating spleen and nourishing heart, emphasizing qi and blood, harmonizing liver, spleen and heart, and linking TCM pathogeneses.

18.
International Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (6): 964-967, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-863707

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the efficacy of Lanqin oral liquid combined with Azithromycin in treating mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia children with syndrome of heat-toxicity blocking lung. Methods:A total of 82 children with mycoplasma pneumoniae from January of 2017 to January of 2019 who met the inclusion criteria were divided into two groups according to the random number table method with 41 patients in each group. The control group was given with Azithromycin sequential therapy, and the observation group was given with Lanqin oral liquid on the basis of conventional western medicine. Both groups were treated for 7 days. Scores of symptoms and signs were evaluated before and after treatment, serum levels of IL-4 and tumor necrosis TNF-α were detected by ELISA method, the disappearance time of fever, cough, dry and wet ralogue and wheezing were observed and recored, adverse reactions occurred during treatment were recorded, and the clinical efficacy was evaluated. Results:The total effective rate of the observation group and the control group was 95.1% (39/41) and 75.6% (31/41), respectively, and the difference was statistically significant ( χ2=4.783, P=0.029). The antipyretic time, cough disappearance time, dry and wet ralogue disappearance time, and wheezing disappearance time of the observation group were significantly shorter than those of the control group ( t=9.312, 8.740, 7.350, 12.467, respectively, all Ps<0.001). After treatment, the scores of cough, fever, wheezing, thirst, phlegm yellow thick and difficultly coughing in the observation group were significantly lower than those in the control group ( t=14.350, 16.779, 18.005, 17.441, 23.633, respectively, all Ps<0.001). After treatment, the scores of cough, fever, wheezing, thirst, yellow thick phlegm and difficultly in coughing in the observation group were significantly lower than those in the control group ( t=14.350, 16.779, 18.005, 17.441, 23.633, respectively, all Ps<0.001). After treatment, serum levels of IL-4 (12.56 ± 1.80 ng/L vs. 17.09 ± 2.78 ng/L, t=8.758) and TNF-α (14.08 ± 2.15 ng/L vs. 20.04 ± 2.93 ng/L, t=10.501) of the observation group were significantly lower than those of the control group ( P<0.01). The incidence of adverse reactions in the control group and the observation group was 17.07% (7/41) and 19.51% (8/41) respectively, and the difference was not statistically significant ( P>0.05). Conclusions:Lanqin oral liquid combined with Azithromycin can improve symptoms of mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia children and down-regulate serum levels of IL-6 and TNF-α, increase the efficacy with safety.

19.
International Journal of Cerebrovascular Diseases ; (12): 613-619, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-863167

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of exosomes (Exo) secreted by brain vascular endothelial cell bEnd.3 after ischemic preconditioning (IPC) on neurons suffering from oxygen and glucose deprivation (OGD).Methods:bEnd.3 was exposed to OGD for 3 h to simulate IPC in vivo. After 48 h of reoxygenation, the Exo (IPC Exo) in the conditioned medium were extracted and identified by Western blot and transmission electron microscopy. IPC Exo were incubated with primary cultured mouse cortical neurons for 24 h. Confocal microscope was used to observe whether Exo could be uptaked by primary cultured mouse cerebral cortical neurons. The primary cultured cortical neurons were divided into control group, OGD group, OGD+ IPC Exo (5 μg/ml, 10 μg/ml, 20 μg/ml) groups and sham OGD group (treated with Exo secreted by bEnd.3 cultured under normoxia conditions). The cell viability was detected by CCK-8 and cell survival/death detection kit.Results:Transmission electron microscopy showed that the extract of bend.3 culture medium showed typical morphology of Exo, i. e., a double concave disc-shaped vesicle with a diameter of 30-100 nm. Western blot analysis showed that the extract of bEnd.3 medium highly expressed Exo markers Alix and Tsg101. Confocal microscopy showed that Exo could be uptaked by primary cultured mouse cortical neurons, and the uptake of Exo was widely distributed in the cytoplasm and synapses. Compared with the OGD group, the addition of 10 and 20 μg/ml IPC Exo could significantly increased the neuronal viability ( P<0.05), while the addition of sham Exo had no neuroprotective effect. Conclusion:Exo released by cerebral vascular endothelial cells after IPC have protective effect on neurons suffering from OGD.

20.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 342-350, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-745979

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the incidence and clinical features of women with hypertension disorders of pregnancy complicated with renal impairment at high altitude,and explore the impact of proteinuria,renal insufficiency and preexisting chronic kidney disease (CKD) on these patients.Methods A pool of 1790 pregnant women admitted to Yunnan Diqing Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture People's Hospital from September 2017 to September 2018.Data of 123 patients who met the criteria of hypertension disorders in pregnancy were collected and retrospectively studied.Their clinical characteristics and pregnancy outcomes were analyzed.Patients with hypertension and renal impairment,simple hypertension patients as well as normal pregnant women were compared.Hypertensive patients with proteinuria,renal insufficiency (Scr > 70 μmol/L) and preexisting CKD were also compared with simple hypertension patients.The impact of proteinuria,renal insufficiency and preexisting CKD on patients with hypertension disorders of pregnancy was assessed by multivariate logistic analysis.Results Of these 123 patients,61 cases (49.6%) had renal impairment,57 cases (46.3%) had proteinuria,15 cases (12.2%)had renal insufficiency and 6 cases (4.9%) had preexisting CKD.Compared with normal pregnant women and simple hypertension patients,patients with hypertension and renal impairment had higher blood pressure,Scr,primipara rate and caesarean section rate (all P < 0.05),lower gestational age,neonatal Apgar scores and plasma albumin level (all P < 0.05),as well as adverse pregnancy outcomes,including premature birth,stillbirth/neonatal death,intrauterine growth restriction,infants of low-birth weight and admission to the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) (all P < 0.05).The clinical features and pregnancy outcomes of 57 patients with proteinuria correlated with the proteinuria.Compared with non-nephrotic syndrome patients and patients without proteinuria,patients with nephrotic syndrome (NS) had lower plasma albumin level and higher rates of premature birth,infants of low-birth weight and admission to NICU (all P < 0.05).Among 15 patients with renal insufficiency,there were 13 mild abnormal cases (70 μmol/L < Scr≤ 123 μmol/L,86.7%).Compared with those with normal renal function,patients with renal insufficiency had higher Scr,uric acid and rates of preeclampsia/eclampsia,intrauterine growth restriction,infants of low-birth weight and admission to NICU,while lower plasma albumin level (all P < 0.05).Among 6 patients with preexisting CKD,4 had NS,2 had renal insufficiency,5 delivered before 37 weeks,and 2 infants died.Logistic regression analysis showed that NS (0R=4.863,P=0.032),renal insufficiency (OR=7.550,P=0.017) and systolic pressure (OR=1.061,P=0.002) were independent risk factors for adverse pregnancy outcomes among patients with hypertension disorders in pregnancy.Conclusions Renal impairment is common among patients with hypertension disorders in pregnancy at high altitude and has adverse effects on pregnancy outcomes.Massive proteinuria,renal insufficiency and systolic pressure are risk factors for these patients.

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