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1.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 1186-1197, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929360

ABSTRACT

The transcription factor nuclear factor of kappa-light-chain-enhancer of activated B cells (NF-κB) is expressed in brown adipocytes, but its role remains largely unknown in the cells. This issue was addressed in current study by examining NF-κB in brown adipocytes in vitro and in vivo. NF-κB activity was increased by differentiation of brown adipocytes through elevation of p65 (RelA) expression. The transcriptional activity of NF-κB was induced by the cold stimulation with an elevation in S276 phosphorylation of p65 protein. Inactivation of NF-κB in brown adipocytes made the knockout mice [uncoupling protein 1 (Ucp1)-CreER-p65f/f, U-p65-KO] intolerant to the cold environment. The brown adipocytes exhibited an increase in apoptosis, a decrease in cristae density and uncoupling activity in the interscapular brown adipose tissue (iBAT) of p65-KO mice. The alterations became severer after cold exposure of the KO mice. The brown adipocytes of mice with NF-κB activation (p65 overexpression, p65-OE) exhibited a set of opposite alterations with a reduction in apoptosis, an increase in cristae density and uncoupling activity. In mechanism, NF-κB inhibited expression of the adenine nucleotide translocase 2 (ANT2) in the control of apoptosis. Data suggest that NF-κB activity is increased in brown adipocytes by differentiation and cold stimulation to protect the cells from apoptosis through down-regulation of ANT2 expression.

2.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 628-634, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920736

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To evalu ate the effects of perimenopausal one-day outpatient multidisciplinary model on the cognition of women to menopause hormone therapy (MHT). METHODS The perimenopausal one-day outpatient service opened by the Third Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University in 2017 was introduced ,which was participated by doctors ,pharmacists, nutritionists,music psychotherapists ,nurses and other multidisciplinary members to provide systematic ,all-round,humanistic and face-to-face group science popularization and education ,practical experience and Q&A for women in perimenopause or about to enter perimenopause (called“students”). The students who participated in one-day outpatient service in 2020 were selected as the survey object , and the questionnaire was CMEI2020KPYJ(ZAMM)00206] designed to analyze the understanding of perimenopausal syndrome,awareness rate of MHT ,willingness to use and concerns. RESULTS A total of 295 students completed the questionnaire. Compared with before participation , after participated in one-day outpatient service ,the cognition level of the students were all improved significantly ,including perimenopausal age (96.61% vs. 99.32%,P=0.037),the importance of perimenopausal health care knowledge (91.19% vs. 96.95%,P<0.001),whether the perimenopausal syndrome needs treatment (88.47% vs. 99.32%,P<0.001),willingness to use MHT (70.59% vs. 94.48% ,P<0.001),MHT treatment timing (60.50% vs. 95.17% ,P<0.001),reducing the risk of cardiovascular disease (51.68% vs. 96.55% ,P<0.001),delaying aging (69.75% vs. 97.59% ,P<0.001),preventing osteoporosis(65.13% vs. 97.59%),P<0.001);the medical staff were higher than the non-medical staff (P<0.05). Totally 90% of the students said they had gained knowledge about the prevention and treatment of common diseases ,nutrition and guidance, psychological regulation guidance hormone therapy related knowledges and exercise methods ;the proportion of the students who were willing to use MHT for 1 to 5 years(31.09% vs. 47.93%)increased significantly. The proportion of the students who concerned about the risk of thrombosis (60.24% vs. 36.81%),weight gain (59.64% vs. 14.84%)and life-long dependence (52.41% vs. 18.13%)was significantly reduced ,but that of the students who concerned about cancer risk was not diminished. From 2017 to 2020,the utilization rate of MHT was increased from 2.22% to 62.16% in non-medical staff among the students. CONCLUSIONS The multidisciplinary model of perimenopausal one-day outpatient service can improve the awareness of MHT among perimenopausal women ,eliminate misunderstandings ,and increase the utilization rate of MHT.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911189

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the improved efficacy of transversus abdominal plane (TAP)-rectus sheath (RS) block combined with general anesthesia in the patients undergoing laparoscopic pancreaticoduodenectomy.Methods:Fifty-six American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status Ⅰ-Ⅲ patients of both sexes, aged 45-64 yr, with body mass index of 18-25 kg/m 2, scheduled for elective laparoscopic pancreaticoduodenectomy, were divided into 2 groups ( n=28 each) using a random number table method: general anesthesia group (group G) and TAP-RS block plus general anesthesia group (group TRG). In group TRG, after induction of general anesthesia, bilateral TAP-RS block was performed with 0.375% ropivacaine mixed with 0.5 μg/kg dexmedetomidine under ultrasound guidance, 20 ml was injected into the plane of bilateral transverse abdominis, and 10 ml was injected into the posterior sheath of the bilateral rectus abdominis, and the tube was placed on the plane of the transverse abdominis, and 5 ml/h was continuously pumped after operation.In both groups, anesthesia was induced with IV midazolam, sufentanil, etomiddate and cisatracurium besylate and maintained using combined intravenous-inhalational anesthesia, and patient-controlled intravenous analgesia (PCIA) was performed after operation.Pulmonary function indexes were measured before induction of anesthesia (T 0) and at 6, 12 and 24 h after removal of the tracheal tube (T 1-3). Blood gas analysis was performed at T 0, T 2 and T 3.The occurrence of high/low blood pressure, tachycardia/bradycardia, consumption of opioids, PACU stay time, pressing times of PCIA within 24 h after surgery, rescue analgesia, time of passing the first flatus, the first postoperative off-bed time, length of postoperative hospital stay, and 48 h quality of recovery-40 (QoR-40) were recorded.The occurrence of adverse reactions and nerve block-related complications were recorded within 48 h after operation. Results:Conversion to laparotomy during operation was found in 4 patients, changing the scope of resection in 2 patients, and a total of 50 patients were enrolled in this study.Compared with group G, the pressing times of PCIA was significantly reduced, the requirement for postoperative rescue analgesia was decreased, the intraoperative consumption of sufentanil and remifentanil was reduced, the incidence of intraoperative hypertension and tachycardia was decreased, the FEV1, FVC and PEFR were increased at T 2, 3, the 48 h QoR-40 score was increased, the time of passing the first flatus, the first postoperative off-bed time, and length of postoperative hospital stay were shortened, the incidence of nausea, agitation, somnolence, and hypoxemia was decreased ( P<0.05), and no significant change was found in the indicators of blood gas analysis at each time point in group TRG ( P>0.05). Nerve block-related complications were not found in group TRG. Conclusion:Compared with general anesthesia alone, TAP-RS block combined with general anesthesia is helpful in carrying out anesthetic model of low-consumption opioids and improving the quality of early postoperative recovery when used in the patients undergoing laparoscopic pancreaticoduodenectomy.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906764

ABSTRACT

@#A deuterated internal standard quantitative analysis method based on liquid-liquid extraction-ultra performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LLE-UPLC-MS/MS) for simultaneous determination of 10 illicit drugs in wastewater was established.Wastewater samples were concentrated by liquid-liquid extraction with dichloromethane: ethyl acetate (1∶1), and separated by a linear gradient of 0.1% formic acid-5 mmol/L ammonium formate aqueous solution and acetonitrile on a C18 column. The samples were then detected by ESI positive ion mode and multiple reaction monitoring mode (MRM) for quantitative analysis.All analytes had a good linear relationship (r ≥ 0.995 7) within the range of their respective standard curves; the limit of quantification was 1 ng/L (except amphetamine at 2.5 ng/L); the relative recovery rate ranged from 96.36% to 106.43%, and the intra- and inter-day precisions were less than 4.70%.This method is accurate, reliable and reproducible, and is suitable for the quantitative determination of 10 illicit drugs in wastewater.It is also suitable for wastewater with complex matrixes that affect solid phase extraction and enrichment.It provides a new analytical method for real-time monitoring of drug abuse.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885669

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the regulatory effects and mechanism of mannose-binding lectin(MBL) on autophagy during the differentiation of 3T3-L1 adipocytes, and provide the feasibility for targeting autophagy to prevent obesity and related pathological conditions in natural immunity.Methods:3T3-L1 preadipocytes were cultured in vitro and induced to differentiation. Cell differentiation and lipid accumulation were analyzed by oil red O staining and CCK-8 was used to detect the effect of different concentrations of MBL (0, 1, 5, 10 μg/ml) on cell proliferation ability at different differentiation stages. Western blot was used to analyze the expression of MBL(10 μg/ml) on the key autophagy factors LC3B, Beclin1 and p62 protein at different stages of differentiation, and the changes of lipid droplet accumulation under the intervention of MBL were observed by oil red O staining. The protein and mRNA expression of autophagy key factors under the intervention of different concentrations of MBL were detected by Western blot and qRT-PCR. And autophagy flow analysis based on autophagic degradation was used to further illustrate the autophagic activity. The expression and phosphorylation of adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase(AMPK)/mammalian target of rapamycin(mTOR) signaling molecules were analyzed by Western blot. Results:The results of oil red O staining showed that 3T3-L1 preadipocytes could achieve complete differentiation after 10 days of induction. CCK-8 showed that the concentration of MBL (1-10 μg/ml) in the experimental group had no effect on cell proliferation at different differentiation stages. During the differentiation of 3T3-L1 preadipocytes, Western blot and qRT-PCR showed that the expression of autophagy-related proteins and mRNA levels was enhanced in the MBL treated group, and presented a concentration-dependent relationship. Oil red O staining showed that the lipid droplets in adipocytes at different stages of differentiation are reduced to varying degrees under the intervention of MBL. Fluorescence microscopy results further confirmed that MBL enhanced the autophagy activity of adipocytes by increasing the synthesis of autophagosomes. Moreover, under the intervention of MBL, the phosphorylation level of AMPK was significantly up-regulated, while the phosphorylation level of mTOR was significantly down-regulated, also showing a concentration-dependent relationship.Conclusions:MBL accelerates the autophagy process during the differentiation of 3T3-L1 adipocytes through AMPK/mTOR signaling pathway, reduces lipid accumulation, providing a possible functional pathway for the treatment of obesity and related metabolic diseases.

6.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 37-43, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799032

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the molecular genetic and clinicopathologic characteristics, immunophenotypes, diagnostic and differential diagnostic features of myxoid angiomatoid fibrous histiocytoma (MAFH).@*Methods@#Three cases of MAFH were collected from the archives of Zhejiang Provincial People′s Hospital between January 2015 to August 2018. The clinical and radiologic features, histomorphology, immunohistochemistry, molecular genetics and prognosis were analyzed.@*Results@#Patients consisted of 2 women and 1 man aged 37 years, 46 years, and 57 years, respectively. The clinical manifestations of 3 patients were presented as a painless, slowly-enlarged mass with a duration ranging of 2 weeks, 2 months and 50 years. These tumors were located at the deep somatic soft tissue of extremities or limbs (right hip, left forearm, left wrist, respectively) and 2 were preoperatively considered as ganglion cyst or giant cell tumor of tendon sheath by imaging examinations. The diameter of circumscribed mass lesion was ranged from 3.0 to 7.5 cm, which exhibited a gray white to tan and gelatinous cut surface. Extensive hemorrhage and cystic changes were observed in 2 cases. Under low magnification, all tumors showed a dense fibrous pseudo-capsule with a peritumoral lymphoplasmacytic cuff and a multi-nodular growth pattern. Blood-filled cystic spaces were observed in 2 tumors. The myxoid stroma occupied 60.0%, 80.0% and 90.0% area of the entire tumor, respectively. Within the myxoid areas, tumor cells were oval to stellate and arranged in cord-like, microcystic and reticular growth patterns. Transitions of myxoid tumor components to more solid areas with typical histology of angiomatoid fibrous histiocytoma (AFH) were observed at least focally in all the three cases. The tumor cells exhibited minimal atypia and scarce mitoses (1 to 2/50 HPF) without necrosis, and prominently focal intracytoplasmic vacuoles were identified in one case. The results of immunohistochemistry staining showed that, 2/3 cases focally expressed desmin, 2/3 focally expressed epithelial membrane antigen (EMA), and 1/3 focally expressed CD99. The positive index of Ki67 was approximately 1% to 5%. Fluorescence in situ hybridization analysis showed that EWSR1 gene rearrangement occurred in all of the three cases. During the period of follow-up, one case showed local recurrence at 15 months, one case showed postoperative recurrence at 24 months, and the recurrent tumor slowly grew for 120 months until the second resection, without recurrence at the following 2 months. The left case showed a disease-free survival at 32 months.@*Conclusions@#MAFH is a rare subtype of AFH with a low-grade behavior and may lead to diagnostic confusions. Carefully searching for the typical AFH histomorphology and combining with EWSR1 gene rearrangement test can help to distinguish MAFH from other mimickers.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871250

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the regulatory effects and mechanism of mannan-binding lectin (MBL) on adipogenic differentiation of 3T3-L1 preadipocytes.Methods:3T3-L1 preadipocytes were induced to differentiate into adipocytes in vitro, and stimulated with different concentrations of MBL (0, 1, 10, 20 μg/ml). Firstly, changes in cell proliferation ability were detected by CCK-8. Then lipid accumulation was analyzed by Oil red O staining and intracellular triglyceride content determination. Further, the expression of adipogenic differentiation-related factors PPARγ and C/EBPα at protein and mRNA levels were detected by Western blot and qRT-PCR, respectively. Finally, Western blot was used to analyze the expression and phosphorylation of Akt, a signal molecule related to adipogenic differentiation. Results:MBL at the concentrations of 0, 1, 10 and 20 μg/ml had no effect on the proliferation of 3T3-L1 preadipocytes. The level of triglyceride in MBL treatment groups decreased in a dose-dependent manner on 3 d after 3T3-L1 preadipocyte differentiation. Results of Oil red O staining showed that the number of lipid droplets in MBL treatment groups reduced significantly, and the absorbance values also decreased significantly in a concentration-dependent manner. Western blot and qRT-PCR results showed that the expression of PPARγ and C/EBPα at both protein and mRNA levels in MBL treatment groups decreased significantly in a dose-dependent manner, and the phosphorylation level of Akt was significantly down-regulated as well.Conclusions:MBL regulates the adipogenic differentiation of 3T3-L1 preadipocytes via Akt signaling pathway.

8.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 500-508, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762086

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Lung adenocarcinoma (LA) is one of the major types of lung cancer. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) play an essential role in regulating responses of natural killer (NK) cells to cancer malignancy. However, the mechanism of miR-218-5p involved in the killing effect of NK cells to LA cells remains poorly understood. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The expression of miR-218-5p was examined by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). Serine hydroxymethyl transferase 1 (SHMT1) level was detected by qRT-PCR or western blots. Cytokines production of interferon-γ (IFN-γ) and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) were detected by ELISA. The killing effect of NK cells to LA cells was investigated using lactate dehydrogenase cytotoxicity assay kit. The interaction of miR-218-5p and SHMT1 was probed by luciferase activity assay. Xenograft model was established to investigate the killing effect of NK cells in vivo. RESULTS: miR-218-5p was enhanced and SHMT1 was inhibited in NK cells of LA patients, whereas stimulation of interleukin-2 (IL-2) reversed their abundances. Addition of miR-218-5p reduced IL-2-induced cytokines expression and cytotoxicity in NK-92 against LA cells. Moreover, SHMT1 was negatively regulated by miR-218-5p and attenuated miR-218-5p-mediated effect on cytotoxicity, IFN-γ and TNF-α secretion in IL-2-activated NK cells. In addition, miR-218-5p exhaustion inhibited tumor growth by promoting killing effect of NK cells. CONCLUSION: miR-218-5p suppresses the killing effect of NK cells to LA cells by targeting SHMT1, providing a potential target for LA treatment by ameliorating NK cells function.


Subject(s)
Adenocarcinoma , Blotting, Western , Cytokines , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Heterografts , Homicide , Humans , Interleukin-2 , Killer Cells, Natural , L-Lactate Dehydrogenase , Luciferases , Lung Neoplasms , Lung , MicroRNAs , Necrosis , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Serine , Transferases
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-805820

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the efficacy of transversus abdominis plane block (TAPB) with different doses of dexmedetomidine mixed with ropivacaine in the pediatric patients undergoing laparoscopic surgery with general anesthesia.@*Methods@#Eighty patients of both sexes, aged 3-6 yr, weighing 10-30 kg, scheduled for elective single-channel laparoscopic appendectomy, were divided into 4 groups (n=20 each) using a random number table method: 0.5 μg/kg dexmedetomidine plus ropivacaine group (group DR1), 1.0 μg/kg dexmedetomidine plus ropivacaine group (group DR2), 1.5 μg/kg dexmedetomidine plus ropivacaine group (group DR3), and ropivacaine group (R group). Bilateral TAPB was performed under ultrasound guidance after the end of anesthesia induction.In group TR, 0.25% ropivacaine 0.5 ml/kg was injected, the 0.5 ml/kg mixture of 0.5, 1.0 and 1.5 μg/kg dexmedetomidine and ropivacaine at a final concentration of 0.25% was injected in DR1, DR2 and DR3 groups.Anesthesia was maintained by intravenously infusing remifentanil and inhaling sevoflurane.Cisatracurium was intermittently injected to maintain muscle relaxation.Ibuprofen was taken orally to maintain postoperative FLACC score <4.The intraoperative consumption of remifentanil, tracheal extubation time, duration of anesthetic recovery room stay, requirement for ibuprofen, and occurrence of opioids- and TAPB-related complications were recorded.@*Results@#There was no significant difference in the intraoperative consumption of remifentanil or tracheal extubation time between four groups (P>0.05). Compared with group R, the requirement for ibuprofen was significantly decreased in DR2 and DR3 groups, the duration of anesthetic recovery room stay was significantly prolonged in group DR3 (P<0.05), and no significant change was found in the requirement for ibuprofen in group DR1 or in the duration of anesthetic recovery room stay in DR1 and DR2 groups (P>0.05). Compared with group DR1, the duration of anesthetic recovery room stay was significantly prolonged, and the requirement for ibuprofen was decreased in group DR3, and the requirement for ibuprofen was significantly decreased (P<0.05), and no significant change was found in the duration of anesthetic recovery room stay in group DR2 (P>0.05). Compared with group DR2, the duration of anesthetic recovery room stay was significantly prolonged (P<0.05), and no significant change was found in the other parameters in group DR3 (P>0.05). No patients developed opioids- or TAPB-related complications.@*Conclusion@#TAPB with 1.0 μg/kg dexmedetomidine mixed with ropivacaine provides good efficacy for the pediatric patients undergoing laparoscopic surgery with general anesthesia.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-756464

ABSTRACT

Objective Chorioamnionitis in pregnancies with preterm premature rupture of membranes(PPROM) may lead to perinatal morbidity. There is no definite diagnostic method for detecting chorioamnionitis before delivery. In this retrospective study, the diagnostic value of five inflammatory markers, including white blood cell (WBC), neutrophil percentage (NEU), c-reactive protein (CRP), interleukin-6 (IL-6), and procalcitonin (PCT) of subclinical chorioamnionitis in PPROM were investigated. Methods A total of 74 PPROM (Group A: 21 PPROM without infection; Group B: 43 PPROM with subclinical chorioamnionitis;Group C:10 PPROM with chorioamnionitis) and 46 controls (Group D:normal full-term pregnancies) were recruited from the Third Affiliated Hospital of Army Medical University between 2013 and 2017. The five markers were measured within 24 hours before the delivery. The diagnostic value of inflammatory markers for subclinical chorioamnionitis were assessed by t test and ROC curve. Results The levels of WBC, NEU and IL-6 in group A were significantly higher than those in group D (T=5.412, Z=-3.312, T=2.798, all P<0.05). The levels of five inflammatory markers in group B and C were all significantly increased compare with group D(Zb=-5.797, Zb=-5.296, Zb=-5.116, Zb=-3.279, Zb=-4.36, Tc=7.732, Zc=-4.622, Zc=-4.591, Zc=-3.509, Zc=-4.387,all P<0.05). Group B CRP, IL-6 and PCT levels were significantly higher than those of group A(Z=-3.10, Z=-2.95, Z=-2.202, all P<0.05). All five markers of group C were significantly higher than those of group A(T=-5.285, Z=-2.536, Z=-3.819, Z=-3.228, Z=-3.719, all P<0.05). The levels of WBC, NEU and IL-6 in group C were significantly higher than those in PPROM group B(Z=-3.296, T=-2.738, Z=-3.501, all P<0.05). In terms of predictive capability of subclinical chorioamnionitis, the individual area under ROC curve (AUC) of CRP, IL-6, and PCT were 0.740, 0.671, and 0.728 corresponding to the optimal cutoff 10.3 mg/L, 5.995 pg/ml, and 0.055 ng/ml respectively. The sensitivity value were 39.5%, 60.5% and 74.4%, the specificity value were 100%, 85.7%and 61.9%.The area under the ROC curves of CRP+IL-6,CRP+PCT,IL-6+PCT and CRP+IL+6+PCT were 0.746, 0.805, 0.776 and 0.816. The sensitivity value were 51.2%, 74.4%, 81.4% and 62.8%, the specificity value were 95.2%, 81%, 66.7%and 90.5%. Conclusions The model (combined with PCT, CRP and IL-6) may be helpful for the diagnosis of the subclinical chorioamnionitis in PPROM. Combined diagnosis of two markers in PCT,CRP and IL-6 could be superior to single inflammatory marker. Combined diagnosis of three could be better,which may provide a reference for clinical diagnosis.

11.
Protein & Cell ; (12): 668-680, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-757870

ABSTRACT

Human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) depend on glycolysis for energy and substrates for biosynthesis. To understand the mechanisms governing the metabolism of hESCs, we investigated the transcriptional regulation of glucose transporter 1 (GLUT1, SLC2A1), a key glycolytic gene to maintain pluripotency. By combining the genome-wide data of binding sites of the core pluripotency factors (SOX2, OCT4, NANOG, denoted SON), chromosomal interaction and histone modification in hESCs, we identified a potential enhancer of the GLUT1 gene in hESCs, denoted GLUT1 enhancer (GE) element. GE interacts with the promoter of GLUT1, and the deletion of GE significantly reduces the expression of GLUT1, glucose uptake and glycolysis of hESCs, confirming that GE is an enhancer of GLUT1 in hESCs. In addition, the mutation of SON binding motifs within GE reduced the expression of GLUT1 as well as the interaction between GE and GLUT1 promoter, indicating that the binding of SON to GE is important for its activity. Therefore, SON promotes glucose uptake and glycolysis in hESCs by inducing GLUT1 expression through directly activating the enhancer of GLUT1.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-824630

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the efficacy of transversus abdominis plane block (TAPB) with different doses of dexmedetomidine mixed with ropivacaine in the pediatric patients undergoing laparoscopic surgery with general anesthesia.Methods Eighty patients of both sexes,aged 3-6 yr,weighing 10-30kg,scheduled for elective single-channel laparoscopic appendectomy,were divided into 4 groups (n =20each) using a random number table method:0.5 μg/kg dexmedetomidine plus ropivacaine group (group DR1),1.0 μg/kg dexmedetomidine plus ropivacaine group (group DR2),1.5 μg/kg dexmedetomidine plus ropivacaine group (group DR3),and ropivacaine group (R group).Bilateral TAPB was performed under ultrasound guidance after the end of anesthesia induction.In group TR,0.25% ropivacaine 0.5 ml/kg was injected,the 0.5 ml/kg mixture of 0.5,1.0 and 1.5 μg/kg dexmedetomidine and ropivacaine at a final concentration of 0.25% was injected in DR1,DR2 and DR3 groups.Anesthesia was maintained by intravenously infusing remifentanil and inhaling sevoflurane.Cisatracurium was intermittently injected to maintain muscle relaxation.Ibuprofen was taken orally to maintain postoperative FLACC score <4.The intraoperative consumption of remifentanil,tracheal extubation time,duration of anesthetic recovery room stay,requirement for ibuprofen,and occurrence of opioids-and TAPB-related complications were recorded.Results There was no significant difference in the intraoperative consumption of remifentanil or tracheal extubation time between four groups (P>0.05).Compared with group R,the requirement for ibuprofen was significantly decreased in DR2 and DR3 groups,the duration of anesthetic recovery room stay was significantly prolonged in group DR3 (P<0.05),and no significant change was found in the requirement for ibuprofen in group DR1 or in the duration of anesthetic recovery room stay in DR1 and DR2 groups (P>0.05).Compared with group DR1,the duration of anesthetic recovery room stay was significantly prolonged,and the requirement for ibuprofen was decreased in group DR3,and the requirement for ibuprofen was significantly decreased (P<0.05),and no significant change was found in the duration of anesthetic recovery room stay in group DR2 (P>0.05).Compared with group DR2,the duration of anesthetic recovery room stay was significantly prolonged (P<0.05),and no significant change was found in the other parameters in group DR3 (P> 0.05).No patients developed opioids-or TAPB-related complications.Conclusion TAPB with 1.0 μg/kg dexmedetomidine mixed with ropivacaine provides good efficacy for the pediatric patients undergoing laparoscopic surgery with general anesthesia.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-712108

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the level of plasma MALAT1 in breast cancer(BC)patients and its clinical significance.Methods The expression levels of MALAT1 different fragments were detected in plasma from 10 healthy controls.The expressions of GAPDH and MALAT1 of plasma samples collected from 102 preoperative breast cancer patients,64 postoperative breast cancer patients,47 breast benign tumor patients and 50 healthy controls were determined by RT-qPCR.The potential association between plasma GAPDH level and cases′clinicopathologic features was analyzed to evaluate the stability of GAPDH. Receiver operating characteristic(ROC)curve was constructed to evaluate the diagnostic efficiency of MALAT1,CA153 and CEA for breast cancer.Meanwhile, the association between MALAT1 level and the clinicopathologic features and the expressions of MALAT 1 between preoperative and postoperative BC patients were analyzed.T-test and one-factor ANOVA test were used for normal distribution of quantitative data.The rank sum test was used for non-normal distribution of data.Results GAPDH level was stable in female plasma and was not affected by age and pathology(P>0.05).GAPDH can be used as a reference for plasma lncRNA detection.The levels of different MALAT1 fragments were inconsistent(χ2=27.042,P<0.001).Levels of MALAT1 were significantly elevated in preoperative BC patients[5.58(2.17-12.34)] compared with breast benign tumor patients and healthy controls[1.08(0.61 -2.58)(Z=6.209,P<0.001),1.63(0.98 -3.51)(Z=4.871,P<0.001)].However, there was no significantly difference between breast benign tumor patients and healthy controls(Z=-1.675,P=0.094).The MALAT1 levels of low grade patients(gradeI and II)were higher than those of breast benign tumor patients(Z=5.593,P<0.001).The relative expression of MALAT1 in postoperative plasma was significantly reduced(Z=-2.248,P=0.025).Areas under the ROC curve of MALAT1,CA153 and CEA were 0.744,0.619 and 0.553 respectively.The sensitivity and specificity were 54.1%,60.0%,70.0% and 86.3%,66.7%, 44.1%respectively.The levels of MALAT1 were associated with TNM stage(Z=-1.982,P=0.047), lymph node metastasis(Z=-2.186,P=0.029)and tumor differentiation(Z=-2.435,P=0.015). Conclusion The expressions of MALAT1 were highly elevated in BC patients.Plasma MALAT1 may be an important biomarker for the diagnosis of breast cancer.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-694939

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effectiveness of predicting the incidence of supine hy-potension syndrome (SHS)after spinal anesthesia measured by ultrasonic measurement of the varia-tion of brachial artery peak velocity in different positions of parturient.Methods Parturient scheduled for elective cesarean section,ASA physical status Ⅰ or Ⅱ,were divided into SHS group and no-SHS group (SBP in the upper extremity decreased by > 30 mm Hg or decreased to < 80 mm Hg)after spinal anesthesia.HR,SBP,DBP of supine position and left lateral position before anesthesia were re-corded,and brachial artery peak velocity were measured by Ultrasonic.The differences of the above indexs before and after the transformation position were calculated.The receiver operating characteris-tic curve (ROC)was plotted by indexs of which P values were less than 0.05,to evaluate the predic-tive effect of each index on SHS after spinal anesthesia.Results Among the 196 patients,89 cases (45.4%)developed SHS after spinal anesthesia.SBP,DBP,peak velocity of brachial artery (Vpmin) and brachial artery peak velocity variation (ΔVp)were different before and after the transformation position (P<0.05).The difference in SHS group was significantly higher than no-SHS group.The areas under ROC curve (AUC)of ΔSBP,ΔDBP,ΔVpmin,ΔΔVp were 0.711 (95%CI 0.575-0.846), 0.573 (95%CI 0.419-0.727),0.948 (95% CI 0.895-0.987),0.864 (95% CI 0.770-0.958),and the cut-off values were 17.5 mm Hg,7.6 mm Hg,17.8 cm/s,and 13.1%.Conclusion The differ-ence of brachial artery peak velocity measured by ultrasonic in different positions of parturient can ef-fectively predict the occurrence of SHS,in which ΔVpmin≥ 17.8 cm/s has better predictive effect.

15.
Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences. 2018; 31 (5 Supp.): 2197-2201
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-199850

ABSTRACT

Endometriosis is a common disease among women of childbearing age, and it is the main cause of dysmenorrhea and infertility. This article analyzes the efficacy of mifepristone and gestrinone in the treatment of endometriosis. The results showed that the recurrence rate of mifepristone group and gestrinone group were 8.33% and 5%, respectively, which was significantly lower than 23.33% of the control group. Before and after treatment, LH, endocrine test results FSH PRL had no obvious change in mifepristone group and gestrinone group, while E2 decreased, as mifepristone group [141.7+/-31.2] pmol/L, gestrinone group [64.2+/-11.7] pmol/L. The incidence of adverse reactions and liver dysfunction in the mifepristone group were significantly lower than those the gestrinone group [P<0.05]. Mifepristone and gestrinone can be used for endometriosis postoperative adjuvant treatment, is safe and effective, but using mifepristone has the lower rate of adverse reaction. In conclusion, mifepristone is a current research focus, its mechanism of action in the process of exploration, has broad prospects in the treatment of endometriosis, its long-term application security is paid more and more attention

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-701490

ABSTRACT

The article is study about range of motion on lower extremities on Guides to the Evaluation of Permanent Impairment. We reviewed the latest range of motion concept about lower extremities evaluation of GEPI. We also introduced measurement and procedure of range of motion evaluation. To provide advice for construction of disability evaluation system in China.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-666522

ABSTRACT

The article is comparative study about spine and extremities on clause for the identification of the body injured and The classification of the body impairment. We reviewed the terms and provisions about spine and extremities as follows, amputation impairment, function impairment, and amputation impairment combined function impairment. This paper provides a comprehensive access and analysisofthe similarities and differences between the two standards.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-666280

ABSTRACT

Inflammation is part of the body′s response to invading pathogens and a crucial process in the maintenance of homeostasis .A variety of regulatory mechanisms are involved in inflammation process to limit the damage caused by excessive immune response to the host .Previous studies have shown that insu-lin resistance , type 2 diabetes , liver fibrosis and cardiovascular disease are caused by persistent chronic in-flammation in metabolic tissue (brain, fat, liver, pancreas, etc), especially in adipose tissue.However, the underlying mechanisms of these conditions have not been fully understood .The role of innate and adap-tive immune cells in these diseases attracts increasing attention .In this review, we will focus on the role of various immune cells in adipose tissue in the initiation and development of inflammation and discuss the effi -cacy of potential anti-inflammatory therapies based on their mechanisms .

19.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 1184-1187, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-666016

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the efficacy of acupuncture combined with tropisetron in treating nausea and vomiting induced by carboprost tromethamine in cesarean section. Methods Sixty-six patients aged 22-40 yr who received carboprost tromethamine and developed nausea and vomiting during cesarean section under lumbar anesthesia, were randomly divided into 3 groups(n=22 each): acupuncture group (group A), tropisetron group(group T)and acupuncture+ tropisetron group(group AT). In group A, 09% normal saline 2 ml was intravenously injected immediately, acupuncture was given at Renzhong, Neiguan and Hegu acupoints with lifting thrusting twirling the acupuncture needle for 10 min. In group T, tropisetron 10 mg was intravenously injected immediately, the needle was placed on Renzhong, Neiguan and Hegu skin surface. In group AT, tropisetron 10 mg was intravenously injected immediately, acupunc-ture was given at Renzhong, Neiguan and Hegu acupoints with lifting thrusting twirling the acupuncture nee-dle for 10 min. The nausea and vomiting score was assessed before anesthesia induction(T0), when nause-a or vomiting occurred(T1)and at 1, 3, 5 and 15 min after acupuncture or administration(T1-5). The degree of patient′s satisfaction with therapeutic effect was recorded. Results Compared with group A, the nausea and vomiting scores were significantly decreased at T4, and the patient's satisfaction score was in-creased in group AT(P<005). Compared with group T, the nausea and vomiting scores were significantly decreased at T2-4and the patient's satisfaction score was increased in group AT(P <005). Conclusion Acupuncture combined with ondansetron can quickly and effectively relieve the nausea and vomiting induced by carboprost tromethamine during cesarean section.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-665829

ABSTRACT

The article is study about principle of lower extremities on Guides to the Evaluation of Permanent Impairment. We reviewed the latest concept in lower extremities evaluation of GEPI, such as regional impairment, diagnosis based impairment and grade modifier. We also introduced maximum medical improvement and conversion from lower extremities impairment to whole person impairment. To provide advice for construction of disability evaluation system in China.

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