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1.
Braz. j. biol ; 83: e247913, 2023. graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1278555

ABSTRACT

Abstract The aim of this paper was recording the occurrence of the species Lumbriculus variegatus (Müller, 1774) (Oligochaeta, Lumbriculidae) in lotic systems of the State of São Paulo. Specimens were collected in Sapucaí River, located in Campos do Jordão State Park. The mapping of geographical distribution of this species is of interest to public health since L. variegatus may be an intermediate host of Dioctophyme renale (Goeze, 1782) (Nematoda, Dioctophymatidae), a parasite of recognized zoonotic potential. Distribution data serves as a basis for environmental monitoring and evaluation, being essential to map possible cases of the disease (Dioctophimosis) and provide information to health professionals.


Resumo O objetivo deste trabalho foi registrar a ocorrência de Lumbriculus variegatus (Müller, 1774) (Oligochaeta, Lumbriculidae) em um sistema lótico do Estado de São Paulo. Os espécimes foram coletados no rio Sapucaí, localizado no Parque Estadual de Campos do Jordão. O mapeamento da distribuição geográfica desta espécie é de interesse para saúde pública uma vez que L. variegatus pode ser um hospedeiro intermediário de Dioctophyme renale (Goeze, 1782) (Nematoda, Dioctophymatidae), parasito de reconhecido potencial zoonótico. Dados de distribuição servem de base para monitoramento e avaliação ambiental, sendo essenciais para mapear possíveis casos da doença (Dioctofimose) e fornecer informações para profissionais de saúde.


Subject(s)
Animals , Oligochaeta , Nematoda , Brazil , Environmental Monitoring , Rivers
2.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec ; 68(3): 725-732, tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: lil-785697

ABSTRACT

O objetivo deste estudo foi determinar os valores energéticos de rações expandidas, obtidas em diferentes temperaturas de expansão para frangos de corte em diferentes idades. As rações foram expandidas nas temperaturas: 80; 100; 120; 140ºC. Dois ensaios biológicos foram conduzidos utilizando-se o método tradicional de coleta total de excretas para determinar a energia metabolizável aparente corrigida (EMAn). Os ensaios metabólicos foram conduzidos com pintos machos Cobb, de 11 a 19 dias (fase inicial) e de 27 a 35 dias de idade (fase de crescimento), utilizando-se as mesmas aves do primeiro ensaio e, assim, preservando os tratamentos a que foram submetidas. Os valores da EMAn das rações da fase inicial foram: 2937; 2900; 2806 e 2751kcal/kg, e da fase de crescimento: 3045; 3031; 3115 e 2977kcal/kg, respectivamente. Os resultados mostraram uma redução linear dos níveis de EMn com o aumento da temperatura de expansão na idade de 11 a 19 dias. As perdas relativas entre as rações expandidas a 80 e 100ºC foram mínimas, enquanto nas temperaturas de 120 e 140ºC foram significativamente superiores. No ensaio de metabolismo para a fase de crescimento, verificou-se que as perdas relativas entre as rações expandidas a 80 e 100ºC foram pequenas (-14kcal). Para a ração expandida a 120ºC, o valor energético foi superior (84 kcal), enquanto para 140ºC foi significativamente inferior (-138kcal). Esses resultados mostram que, na fase de crescimento, os frangos de corte maximizaram o aproveitamento energético das rações na temperatura de expansão de 120ºC e que, em temperaturas acima desse nível, ocorrem altas perdas da EMAn das rações, que podem comprometer o consumo, a deposição de proteína e a conversão alimentar e, consequentemente, trazer grandes prejuízos econômicos pelo menos à idade de abate. As temperaturas de expansão de rações entre 80 e 100ºC apresentaram os melhores valores de EMAn para frangos com idade entre 15 e 10 dias, enquanto para idade de 31 a 35 dias foi de 120ºC.(AU)


The aim of this study was to determine the energetic value of feed in different expansion temperatures for broilers of different ages. The feedexpanded in the following temperatures: 80; 100, 120 and 140ºC. Two biological assays were run to establish apparent metabolizable energy corrected by nitrogen balance (AMEN) using the traditional total excreta collection method. In the first assay Cobb chicks were used from 11 to 19 days of age (initial period), and 29 to 37 days of age (growth period), as well as the same treatments of the first assay. The AMEN values for the initial period were respectively: 2937, 2900, 2806 and 2751 kcal/kg; and broilers in growing period were respectively: 3045, 3031, 3115 and 2977 kcal/kg. The results showed a linear decrease of the levels EMAN with an increase of the temperature of expansion from 11 to 19 days old. The loss relation between feed expanded at 80 and 100ºC were minimal, while in temperatures between 120 and 140ºC they were significantly higher. In the metabolic assay for period growth, we observed that the relation of energy values between feed expanded at 80 and 100ºC were smaller (14 kcal), while for the expanded in 120ºC they were superior (84 kcal), and at 140ºC were inferior (138 kcal). These results suggest greater energy utilization efficiency in period growth at a temperature of 120 ºC, while in temperatures above of this level there was greater loss of EMAN in feeds, which can prejudice feed intake, protein deposition and feed conversion, and consequently damage economics by increasing slaughter age. The expansion temperatures in feed between 80 and 100ºC showed the best EMAN values for broilers with 15 - 19 days of age, while for 31 - 35 days old it was 120 ºC.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Animal Feed , Chickens/metabolism , Energy Intake , Excreta Disposal/adverse effects , Poultry/metabolism , Temperature
3.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 37(7): 987-995, July 2004. ilus, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-360925

ABSTRACT

The current study was conducted to investigate the relationship between melatonin and chronic anovulation. Adult (3-4 months old) female Wistar rats were submitted to pinealectomy: group I: pinealectomized ovariectomized melatonin-treated (N = 10); group II: pinealectomized ovariectomized placebo-treated (N = 12); group III: pinealectomized light-treated placebo-treated(N = 10) or maintained under continuous light; group IV: maintained under continuous light, ovariectomized melatonin-treated (N = 22); group V: maintained under continuous light, ovariectomized placebo-treated (N = 10); group VI: maintained under continuous light placebo-treated (N = 10). In order to assess ovarian modifications, unilateral ovariectomy was performed during the fourth month in groups I, II, IV, V and the other ovary was removed after 8 months. Ovariectomy was performed in groups III and VI only after eight months. Melatonin (200 æg/100 g body weight) dissolved in 0.02 ml absolute ethanol was injected intramuscularly daily during the last 4 months into groups I and IV. The other groups were treated with placebo (NaCl). The ovarian cysts were analyzed and their area, perimeter and maximum diameter, as well as the thickness of the ovarian capsule were measured. Daily colpocytological smears were performed throughout the study. Persistent estrous condition and ovarian cysts were observed in all groups. In pinealectomized rats the ovarian and vaginal alterations disappeared at the end of the study and in rats maintained under continuous light the vaginal and ovarian polycystic aspect was reversed only in those treated with melatonin. We conclude that melatonin may act on the ovarian response reverting chronic anovulation induced by pinealectomy or continuous light.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Rats , Anovulation , Light , Melatonin , Ovary , Pineal Gland , Polycystic Ovary Syndrome , Chronic Disease , Ovariectomy , Rats, Wistar
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