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1.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 793-800, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013539

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To study the extraction technology of Sophora flavescens-Phellodendron chinense drug pair and provide a reference for the development of new drugs for the treatment of anorectal diseases. METHODS Using the contents of total alkaloids of S. flavescens (matrine+oxymatrine), berberine hydrochloride and total flavonoid, and extract yield as evaluation indicators, analytic hierarchy process-entropy weight method was used to calculate the weight coefficient of each indicator, and was combined with Box-Behnken design-response surface method to study the extraction technology of S. flavescens-P. chinense drug pair and verify it. RESULTS The optimal extraction technology of S. flavescens-P. chinense drug pair was immersed in 12-fold amount of 58% ethanol for 30 minutes and extracted twice, each time for 120 minutes. The relative error between the verification experimental results and the predicted value was 1.88%. CONCLUSIONS The obtained extraction technology is stable and feasible and can provide reference for the application of S. flavescens-P. chinense drug pair and development of new drugs.

2.
Chinese Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging ; (6): 133-138, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993568

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the relationship between regional coronary flow reserve (CFR) obtained from cadmium-zinc-telluride SPECT(CZT SPECT) myocardial functional perfusion imaging (MFPI) and invasive fractional flow reserve (FFR) measured during coronary angiography (CAG) and its clinical value in guiding coronary interventions.Methods:Forty-two patients (30 males, 12 females, age (63.3±9.8) years) who completed CZT SPECT MFPI in the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University from June 2022 to September 2022 and underwent CAG within 3 months were included retrospectively. The concordance of CFR and FFR for diagnosing myocardial ischemia (CFR<2.0 and FFR<0.8) was calculated at the vascular level. The diagnostic efficacy of coronary stenosis≥70% for decreased myocardial blood flow (CFR<2.0) was calculated. Kappa test was used to analyze the data. Results:A total of 126 major coronary arteries were identified in 42 patients, of which 30(23.8%) had a CFR<2.0 by CZT SPECT and 33(26.2%) had stenosis≥70% in CAG. A total of 32 coronary vessels were performed with MFPI CFR and FFR measurements, of which 6 were both decreased and 21 were both normal, so the concordance rate was 84.4%(27/32)( Kappa=0.612, P<0.001). Among 33 coronary vessels with stenosis≥70%, 13 were with CFR≥2.0. Among 30 coronary vessels with CFR<2.0, 10 were with stenosis<70%. When using stenosis≥70% to diagnose CFR decreasing, the sensitivity was 66.7%(20/30), specificity was 86.5%(83/96), positive predictive value was 60.6%(20/33), negative predictive value was 89.2%(83/93), and accuracy was 81.7%(103/126). Conclusions:The concordance between CFR and FFR for the diagnosis of myocardial ischemia is good. Nearly 1/3 of the coronary arteries with decreased CFR have stenosis<70%, whereas nearly 40% of the coronary arteries with stenosis≥70% are not result in myocardial ischemia. Regional CFR determined by CZT SPECT may have potentially significant clinical value in the diagnosis of coronary artery disease and decision-making of coronary intervention.

3.
Chinese Journal of Postgraduates of Medicine ; (36): 326-330, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931166

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the prognostic value of peripheral blood monocyte to lymphocyte ratio (MLR) combined with fibrinogen (Fbg) in patients with epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) before operation.Methods:Retrospectively included 80 patients with EOC who underwent surgical treatment at Gaochun Branch of Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital from January 2014 to January 2017. The boundary values of MLR and Fbg were determined by the receiver operating characteristic(ROC) curve, and then grouped by the critical value. The patients were evaluated with age, FIGO stage, lymphatic metastasis, and venous metastasis between groups. The 5-year cumulativesurvival rate was analyzed among the groups, and the independent risk factors influencing the prognosis of EOC were determined by Cox proportional risk regression model.Results:The predicted cut-off value of MLR was 0.25. Compared with the low MLR group (MLR<0.25, 38 cases), the high MLR group (MLR≥0.25, 42 cases) had a higher rate of lymphatic metastasis and venous metastasis: 33.3%(14/42) vs. 13.2%(5/38), 33.3%(14/42) vs. 10.5%(4/38); and the proportion of patients in stage Ⅲ to Ⅳwas also higher:66.7%(28/42) vs.18.4%(7/38), the differences were statistically significant ( P<0.05). The predicted cut-off value of Fbg concentration was 3.15 g/L. Compared with the low Fbg group (Fbg<3.15 g/L, 43 cases), the high Fbg group (Fbg≥3.15 g/L, 37 cases) had a higher rate of lymphatic metastasis and venous metastasis:35.1%(13/37) vs. 14.0%(6/43), 32.4%(12/37) vs. 14.0%(6/43); and the proportion of patients in stage Ⅲ to Ⅳ was also higher: 70.3%(26/37) vs. 20.9%(9/43), the differences were statistically significant ( P<0.05). At predicted cut-off value of MLR combined with Fbg, the patients were divided into the first group (Fbg<3.15 g/L, MLR<0.25, 27 cases), the second group (Fbg<3.15 g/L, MLR≥0.25 or Fbg≥3.15g/L, MLR<0.25, 31 cases) and the third group (Fbg≥3.15g/L,MLR≥0.25, 22 cases), there were statistically significant differences in the proportion of patients in stage Ⅲ to Ⅳ: 7.4%(2/27), 48.4%(15/31), 81.8%(18/22); venous metastasis: 7.4%(2/27), 19.4%(6/31), 45.5%(10/22); and lymphatic metastasis: 3.7% (1/27), 25.8%(8/31), 45.5%(10/22) among the three groups ( P<0.01). The 5-year cumulative survival rate of EOC patients in the high MLR group was significantly lower than that in the low MLR group:66.7% vs. 89.5%, P<0.05. The 5-year cumulative survival rate of patients in the high Fbg group was significantly lower than that in the low Fbg group :64.9% vs. 88.4%, P<0.05. The 5-year survival rates of EOC patients in the first, second and third groups were 96.3%, 77.4% and 54.5%, respectively, with significant differences among the three groups ( P<0.01). Cox multivariate analysis showed that MLR, Fbg and MLR combined with Fbg were independent risk factors for survival of EOC patients ( P<0.05). Conclusions:Preoperative MLR combined with Fbg was closely related to the tumor progression and prognosis of EOC patients, and it could be used as an effective predictor of the prognosis of EOC patients.

4.
Chinese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology ; (12): 746-752, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956691

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the clinical application and to evaluate the efficiency of hysteroscopical electroresection of International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) type 3 myoma.Methods:The clinical data of patients who underwent hysteroscopical electroresection single FIGO type 3 myoma in Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital of Fudan University from January 2019 to October 2021 were collected retrospectively. The clinical symptoms, myoma size, location, operation time, intraoperative bleeding, surgical complications and postoperative follow-up were recorded, and the subsequent pregnancy outcomes were followed-up.Results:Totally 35 patients with FIGO type 3 myoma were included in this study. The average age was (36.6±4.7) years old, the diameter of myoma was (4.0±1.2) cm (range: 2.0-5.8 cm). The rate of complete resection of myoma in one operation was 86% (30/35), the average operation time was (41±15) minutes (range: 20-65 minutes), and the average intraoperative bleeding was (24±18) ml (range: 5-150 ml). No complications such as uterine perforation, massive hemorrhage, hyperhyderation syndrome and infection occurred in all patients perioperation. There were 20 cases with significant increase of menstruation before operation, the cure rate and effective rate of hysteroscopical electroresection of FIGO type 3 myoma were 75% (15/20) and 95% (19/20). There were 24 patients with fertility requirements, their average follow-up time was (14.5±6.8) months, the pregnancy rate within 1 year after operation was 79% (19/24), and the average postoperative pregnancy time was (5.8±3.4) months. There were 15 cases who had completed delivery after operation, including 10 cases of vaginal delivery and 5 cases of cesarean section, and none of them had uterine rupture.Conclusions:Hysteroscopy could effectively resect FIGO type 3 myoma. Hysteroscopical electroresection of FIGO type 3 myoma is minimally invasive with rapid postoperative recovery and could achieve pregnancy in a short time, which is not only helpful to reduce the amount of menstruation, but also beneficial for the prognosis of fertility. It should be carried out by the experienced hysteroscopists.

5.
Chinese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology ; (12): 622-629, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910172

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the hierarchical management scheme of cervical adenocarcinoma in situ (AIS) based on cervical conization margin state.Methods:All medical records of 249 patients diagnosed as AIS by loop electrosurgical excision procedure (LEEP) conization from Jan. 2010 to Dec. 2015 in Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital of Fudan University were retrospectively reviewed, to explore the relationship between the status of the resection margin and the residual lesion after LEEP, and the multivariate logistic regression method was used to analyze the related factors that affect the residual lesion after LEEP in cervical AIS patients.Results:(1) The age of 249 cervical AIS patients was (40±8) years old (range: 23-71 years old). Of the 249 patients, 19 (7.6%, 19/249) had residual lesions; 69 cases were pathologically diagnosed as AIS after LEEP, and the residual lesion rate was 13.0% (9/69), which was significantly higher than that of AIS + high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion [5.6% (10/180); χ2=3.968, P=0.046]; 33 cases were multifocal lesions, the residual rate of lesions was 21.2% (7/33), which was significantly higher than that of single focal lesions patients [5.6% (12/216); χ2=7.858, P=0.005]; 181 patients underwent endocervical curettage (ECC) before surgery, the residual rate of lesions in ECC-positive patients was 14.0% (14/100) , significantly higher than that of ECC-negative patients [4.9% (4/81); χ2=4.103, P=0.043]. (2) Among 249 cases of AIS patients, the positive rate of resection margins after LEEP was 35.3% (88/249); the residual rate of lesions in patients with positive resection margins (14.8%, 13/88) was significantly higher than those with negative margins [3.8%(6/156); χ2=9.355, P=0.002]. The age of patients underwent total hysterectomy after LEEP was (43±7) years old, which was significantly higher than that of patients who did not undergo total hysterectomy [(37±8) years old; t=6.518, P<0.01].Among the patients underwent total hysterectomy after LEEP, 3 cases (2.0%, 3/152) had fertility requirements, while 38 cases (39.2%, 38/97) did not underwent total hysterectomy, the difference between the two groups was statistically significant ( χ2=59.579, P<0.01). Among the 152 patients who underwent total hysterectomy after LEEP, the residual rate of lesions was 11.8% (18/152); the residual rate of lesions in patients with positive resection margins was significantly higher than that of patients with negative resection margins [18.8% (12/64) vs 7.0% (6/86); χ2=4.861, P=0.028]. The median follow-up time of 97 patients who did not undergo total hysterectomy after LEEP was 32 months (range: 4-70 months). During the follow-up period, 3 cases of cervical AIS recurrence (3.1%, 3/97) and were followed by hysterectomy,no invasive adenocarcinoma were seen. (3) Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that the positive resection margin ( OR=4.098, 95% CI: 1.235-13.595, P=0.021), multifocal lesions ( OR=5.464, 95% CI: 1.494-19.981, P=0.010) were independent risk factors that affected the residual lesions in patients with cervical AIS after LEEP. Conclusions:The cervical AIS patients after LEEP conization suggested be stratified by cone margin state as the first-line stratified index, age and fertility needs as the second-line stratified management index. The individualized management plan should be developed based on comprehensive assessment of high-risk factors of residual lesions.

6.
Chinese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology ; (12): 569-575, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910168

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the application value of vaginoscopy in the diagnosis and treatment of vaginal squamous intraepithelial lesions post hysterectomy.Methods:From May 2017 to June 2020, patients with high-risk (HR)-HPV infection and (or) cytological abnormalities after hysterectomy in Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital Affiliated to Fudan University were examined by colposcopy, and those who were not satisfied with exposure under colposcopy were further examined by vaginoscopy. The role of vaginoscopy in the detection and treatment of occult vaginal squamous intraepithelial lesions was analyzed.Results:A total of 153 patients with HR-HPV infection and (or) cytological abnormalities, and inadequate colposcopy were enrolled in this study. The average age was (49.8±8.1) years. All cases were successfully performed vaginoscopy with no vaginal perforation, no bladder and intestinal injury. During vaginoscopy, 11 (7.2%, 11/153) cases with unclear high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (HSIL) boundary under colposcopy were found with clear HSIL boundary, and new HSIL was found in 23 (15.0%, 23/153) cases. According to colposcopy, there were 89 cases of normal or inflammation, 45 cases of vaginal low-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (LSIL) and 19 cases of vaginal HSIL. According to vaginoscopy, there were 56 cases of normal or chronic inflammation, 55 cases of vaginal LSIL, 40 cases of vaginal HSIL (including 2 cases of vaginal HSIL could not exclude cancer) and 2 cases of vaginal carcinoma. There were significant difference between colposcopy and vaginoscopy ( P<0.01). The missed diagnosis rate of vaginal apex blind curettage under colposcopy was 54.8%. For the 40 cases with vaginal HSIL under vaginoscopy, 15 cases were completely curettaged with vaginal endoscopic claw forceps, and 22 cases were vaporized by Versapoint. Among the 37 cases of vaginal HSIL treated by vaginoscopy, 34 cases were followed up for 6 months with 31 cases of vaginal HSIL cured. The cure rate was 91.2% (31/34), the positive rate of HR-HPV decreased from 100.0% (34/34) to 79.4% (27/34). Conclusion:For patients with inadequate exposure of vaginal apex during colposcopy posthysterectomy, vaginoscopy is helpful to detect the occult lesions in the vaginal apex, and it could also be used for the treatment of vaginal squamous intraepithelial lesions.

7.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 241-248, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772092

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the antitumor activity of decoction and study its liver and kidney toxicity and its effect on the immune system in a tumor-bearing mouse model.@*METHODS@#Hepatoma H22 tumor-bearing mouse models were randomized into model group, cyclophosphamide (CTX) group, and low-, moderate-, and high-dose decoction groups (JW-L, JW-M, and JW-H groups, respectively). The antitumor activity of decoction was assessed by calculating the tumor inhibition rate and pathological observation of the tumor tissues. Immunohistochemistry was used to detect the expressions of Bax, Bcl-2, Bax/Bcl-2 and caspase-3 in the tumors. The liver and kidney toxicity of decoction was analyzed by evaluating the biochemical indicators of liver and kidney functions. The immune function of the tumor-bearing mice were assessed by calculating the immune organ index, testing peripheral blood routines, and detection of serum IL-2 and TNF-α levels using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay.@*RESULTS@#Compared with that in the model group, the tumor mass in CTX, JW-M and JW-H groups were all significantly reduced ( < 0.05) with cell rupture and necrosis in the tumors. Immunohistochemistry revealed obviously up-regulated expressions of Bax and caspase-3 and down- regulated expression of Bcl-2 protein with an increased Bax/Bcl-2 ratio in CTX, JW-M and JW-H groups. Treatment with decoction significantly reduced Cr, BUN, AST and ALT levels, improved the immune organ index, increased peripheral blood leukocytes, erythrocytes and hemoglobin levels, and up-regulated the levels of TNF-α and IL-2 in the tumor-bearing mice. These changes were especially significant in JW-H group when compared with the parameters in the model group ( < 0.01).@*CONCLUSIONS@# decoction has a strong anti-tumor activity and can improve the liver and kidney functions of tumor-bearing mice. Its anti-tumor effect may be attributed to the up-regulation of Bax, caspase-3, TNF-α and IL-2 levels and the down-regulation of Bcl-2 expression as well as the enhancement of the non-specific immune function.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic , Pharmacology , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular , Drug Therapy , Allergy and Immunology , Metabolism , Pathology , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Kidney , Liver , Pathology , Liver Neoplasms , Drug Therapy , Allergy and Immunology , Metabolism , Pathology , Necrosis , Neoplasm Proteins , Metabolism , Random Allocation , Up-Regulation
8.
Chinese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology ; (12): 534-540, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-791325

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze clinical outcome of high grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (HSIL) within 24 months after loop electrosurgical excision procedure (LEEP),and to explore risk factors of recurrent cervical HSIL,the risk of progress into cervical cancer and methods of follow-up.Methods This retrospective study was carried out on 1 005 patients who underwent LEEP,diagnosing with HSIL after LEEP from January 2011 to December 2013 at Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital Affiliated to Fudan University to confer the difference between non-recurrent group and recurrent group 24 months after the LEEP conization.Patients were followed with ThinPrep cytologic test (TCT),high risk HPV (HR-HPV) test,colposcopy guided biopsy.Results A total of 1 005 cases were enrolled in this study with HSIL in the LEEP specimen,no residual HSIL in the 6-month follow up,and have follow up records in 24 months after LEEP.HSIL recurred in 5 cases,microinvasive carcinoma in 1 case,low grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (LSIL) in 17 cases at 12 months follow-up.HSIL recurred in 8 cases,LSIL in 11 cases,adenocarcinoma in situ in 1 case,and invasive cervical carcinoma in 1 case in Ⅰ b1 stage at 24 months after LEEP.The recurrence rate was 1.3% (13/1 005),and the progression rate was 0.3% (3/1 005).There was no significant difference in age,length,circumference and width of LEEP between recurrent and non-recurrent patients (P > 0.05).The recurrence rate was highest in the endocervical positive margin group with 3/16,which was higher than ectocervical positive margin and negative margin (P<0.01,P=0.040,respectively).The recurrence rate of endocervical positive margin group and fibrous interstitial positive margin group showed no significant difference (P=0.320).There was no significant difference between ectocervical positive margin and negative margin [2.8% (2/72) vs 0.7% (6/882),P=0.117].Postoperative cytological examination combined with HR-HPV detection has a high sensitive and high negative predictor value of HSIL recurrence with both 100.0%.Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that positive endocervical positive margin,abnormal follow-up cytological examination and positive HR-HPV after LEEP were independent factors affecting recurrence of HSIL patients after LEEP (P<0.05).Conclusions Age,length,circumference and width of LEEP have no effect on recurrence within 24 months after HSIL.The high risk factors for HSIL recurrence within 24 months after LEEP in HSIL patients include:positive HPV,abnormal cytology,and positive endocervical positive margin.Colposcopy biopsy and endocervical curettage have important role in diagnosing HSIL recurrence and progression.

9.
Chinese Journal of Medical Imaging Technology ; (12): 1072-1075, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-861312

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the value of transperineal ultrasound in evaluation of the degree of rectal prolapse in females with rectal prolapse disease. Methods: Totally 26 women with rectal prolapse disease were divided into internal rectal prolapse (IRP) group (n=18) or external rectal prolapse (ERP) group (n=8) according to whether rectal prolapsed outside the anus or not. Meanwhile, 20 healthy women were selected as control group. All subjects underwent transperineal ultrasound. The position of rectum ampulla, rectal motility, the size of the pelvic diaphragm hiatus and anorectal angulation were measured at rest state and during straining and compared among 3 groups. Results: Compared with those at resting state, the size of the pelvic diaphragm hiatus increased and the position of rectal ampulla decreased in 3 groups during straining (all P0.05). Rectal motility in IRP group and ERP group were higher than that in control group (both P0.05). Conclusion: Transperineal ultrasound can be used to evaluate the degree of rectal prolapse in females with rectal prolapse disease.

10.
Chinese Journal of Ultrasonography ; (12): 691-695, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-754860

ABSTRACT

To assess the value of endorectal ultrasonography ( ERUS ) in predicting the pathological response to neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy( NCRT ) for locally advanced rectal cancer( LARC) . Methods Ninety‐nine patients with LARC received NCRT and total mesorectal excision in our hospital were retrospectively analyzed . T he maximum length and thickness of rectal tumor were measured by ERUS both before NCRT ( ERUS1 ) and after NCRT following sugery ( ERUS2 ) ,and the length and thickness reduction rate were calculated . T he patients were classified into good responder group ( n = 47 ) and poor responder group( n = 52 ) ,or pathological complete response ( pCR) group ( n = 25 ) and non‐pCR group ( n=74) according to pathological tumor regression grade ( T RG ) . T he differences of various parameters were compared between groups . T he correlations between these parameters and T RG grading were analyzed by Spearman correlation analysis . T he ROC curve was used to evaluate the diagnostic efficacy of the parameter . Results T he length and thickness of ERUS2 were significantly shorter than that of ERUS1( all P <0 .05) . T he length and thickness of ERUS2 in good responder group were shorter than those in poor responder group ,while the length and thickness reduction rate were higher than those in poor responder group with significant difference ( all P < 0 .05 ) . T he length and thickness of ERUS2 in pCR group were shorter than those in non‐pCR group ,w hile the length and thickness reduction rate were higher than those in non‐pCR group with significant difference ( all P < 0 .05 ) . T he length and thickness of ERUS2 were positively correlated with T RG grading ( r = 0 .577 ,0 .605 ; all P < 0 .01 ) and the length and thickness reduction rate were negatively correlated with T RG grading ( r = -0 .681 ,-0 .598 ; all P <0 .01 ) . ROC curve showed the cut‐off value of the length and thickness reduction rate to predict good responder were 41 .34% ,46 .46% , with corresponding AUC areas of 0 .843 ,0 .796 , sensitivity of 74 .5% ,70 .2% , and specificity of 76 .9% ,80 .8% ,respectively . ROC curve showed the cut‐off value of the length and thickness reduction rate to predict pCR were 57 .36% ,58 .52% ,with corresponding AUC areas of 0 .851 and 0 .895 , sensitivity of 68 .0% ,76 .0% ,and specificity of 94 .6% ,93 .2% ,respectively . Conclusions T he changes of length and thickness of tumor after NCRT are well correlated with treatment response . T he length and thickness reduction rate measured on ERUS present high accuracy in prediction of good response and pCR in LARC patients .

11.
Chinese Journal of Interventional Imaging and Therapy ; (12): 323-326, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-702416

ABSTRACT

Liver metastasis is the most common cause of death for patients with colorectal cancer.Surgical resection is the first choice for colorectal cancer liver metastasis (CRLMs),but only 10%-25% of them are resectable.Patients with unresectable CRLMs are usually treated with systemic chemotherapy and/or local ablative therapies as alternative options.The safety and efficiency of thermal ablation therapies have been improved in recent years.The 5-year survival rate of patients underwent thermal ablation is higher than that of patients underwent chemotherapy for treating CRLMs.A consensus for thermal ablation of colorectal liver metastasis was provided by international experts panel on 2013.The recommendations and indications of thermal ablation for CRLMs were considered and documented according to the literature review based on radiofrequency ablation with long-term follow-up.The main content of the consensus from international experts for thermal ablation of colorectal liver metastasis were reviewed in this article.

12.
Chinese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology ; (12): 239-243, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-512439

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the detection trend of vaginal intraepithelial neoplasia(VaIN)of lower genital tract from 2013 to 2015. Methods A retrospective analysis was undertaken of colposcopy-directed biopsy of cervical, vaginal and vulvar intraepithelial neoplasia lesions include cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN), VaIN and vulvar intraepithelial neoplasia (VIN) in Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital of Fudan University from January 2013 to December 2015. Results (1) Overall data of CIN, VaIN and VIN:a total of 16732 cases were diagnosed of lower genital intraepithelial neoplasia in 3 years, accounting for 23.20% (16732/72128) of total colposcopy-directed biopsy cases. Among them, CIN, VaIN and VIN accounted for 19.48%(14053/72128), 2.67%(1923/72128), 1.05%(756/72128) of total colposcopy-directed biopsy cases of the lower genital tract, 83.99%(14053/16732), 11.49%(1923/16732), 4.52%(756/16732) of total lower genital intraepithelial neoplasia, respectively. (2) Annual data of CIN, VaIN and VIN from 2013 to 2015. The annual proportion of CIN in all intraepithelial neoplasia of lower gential tract was basically stable, consisting of 86.02%(3955/4598),83.25%(4795/5760) and 83.20%(5303/6374), respectively. The annual proportion of VaIN was gradually increasing, consisting of 8.09% (372/4598), 12.45%(717/5760) and 13.08%(834/6374), respectively. The annual proportion of VIN was gradually decreasing, consisting of 5.89% (271/4598), 4.31% (248/5760) and 3.72% (237/6374), respectively. Conclusion The increasing detection of VaIN from 2013 to 2015 might correlate with the increasing attention to inspection of the entire vaginal wall.

13.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 188-192, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-810904

ABSTRACT

Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs), a kind of important Brominated Flame Retardant (BFR), are widely used in electronic products, construction materials and textiles. PBDEs have been detected in many environmental media (including air, water, dust, sediment and food), many animal and human tissues. For their environmental persistence, high bioaccumulative and multiple biotoxicitiies, PBDEs have been viewed as one of the most concerned environmental Endocrine Disrupting Chemicals (EDCs) at present. Although detailed mechanisms are not clear, studies have found that PBDEs can induce toxicity to liver, endocrine system, nervous system, reproduction and immune system. What's more, lots of experiments indicate that PBDEs exposure can alter the levels of thyroid hormones. Recently, studies on the impact of PBDEs exposure on thyroid hormones have been quite a few and have not reached an agreement, especially on the alternation of thyroid hormones caused by PBDEs exposure, which has also been a hot issue. This paper reviews from the basic properties, usage, exposure and biotoxicity of PBDEs. We mainly introduce the impact PBDEs have on the thyroid and thyroid hormones in terms of biotoxicity, and attach importance to the endocrine disruption and neurodeveloptoxicity. We also give a preliminary introduction to hydroxylated and methoxylated polybrominated diphenyl ethers, structural analogs of PBDEs, which researchers start late to study. This paper can be a reference for the further research on PBDEs exposure and biotoxicity.

14.
Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases ; (12): 652-655, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-809217

ABSTRACT

Objective@#The effects of prenatal exposure to brominated diphenyl ethers-209 to the Influence of male offspring rats hippocampus BDNF potein expression and its mechanism of action.@*Methods@#Pregnant Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were randomly treated with BDE-209 (100, 300, and 900 mg/kg body weight) or corn oil by gavage on gestational days 6-20. Blood was obtained through heart puncture for thyroid hormone analysis in male rats offspring on PND 60. The hippocampus tissues were excised. The expression levels of BDNF protein were measured by Western blot.@*Results@#1) In hippocampal tissue, BDNF protein expression concentration ratio relative to the control group (control group concentration of 1) were 0.87 (300 mg/kg dose group) and 0.67 (900 mg/kg) (P<0.01) . 2) Compared to controls, total T4 levels and free T4 levels were significantly decreased in the BDE-209 treated-group (900 mg/kg, 300 mg/kg) (P<0.05) . Total T3 levels in 300 mg/kg group were also significantly decreased compared to the control (P<0.05) . However, no significant difference was observed in 100 mg/kg group (P>0.05) .@*Conclusion@#During 300 and 900 mg/kg dose group of BDE-209 exposure to male offspring BDNF protein expression in rat hippocampus decreased, may be related to its interference with thyroid hormone.

15.
Chinese Journal of Medical Ultrasound (Electronic Edition) ; (12): 411-416, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-711998

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the value of endorectal ultrasonography (ERUS) inpreoperative assessment of rectal cancer post neoadjuvant chemoradiation therapy.Methods From Jan.2016 to Dec.2016,90 rectal cancer patients who underwent preoperative neoadjuvant chemoradiation therapy and total mesorectal excision surgery in the Sixth Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-Sen University were retrospectively analyzed,and all patients underwent ERUS examination post neoadjuvant chemoradiation therapy.Of these,64 patients were evaluated by ERUS pre and post neoadjuvant chemoradiation therapy and 26 patients were evaluated only post neoadjuvant chemoradiation therapy.Wilcoxon rank sum test for paired sample was performed to compare the distance from inferior margin of tumor to anal margin,the length and thickness of the tumor pre and post neoadjuvant chemoradiation therapy respectively in rectal cancer.Taken pathologic findings as golden standard,the accuracy of T staging assessed by ERUS post neoadjuvant chemoradiation therapy was evaluated.Results Compared with pre neoadjuvant chemoradiation therapy,the distance from inferior margin of tumor to anal margin significantly increased after neoadjuvant chemoradiation therapy [(58.63±21.71) mm vs (51.68± 19.81) mm],and the length [(26.10± 10.07) mm vs (40.82±9.18) mm] and thickness [(9.73±2.50) mm vs (14.92±5.30) mm] of tumor also evidently decreased post neoadjuvant chemoradiation therapy,respectively (Z were 4.996,6.153 and 6.076,all P < 0.01).The final pathological T stage was pathologic complete response (pCR) or pT0 in 15 patients,pT1 in 3 patients,pT2 in 30 patients and pT3 in 42 patients.The diagnostic accuracy of T staging of rectal cancer post neoadjuvant chemoradiation therapy for ERUS was uT0 82.2% (74/90),uT1 96.7% (87/90),uT2 66.7% (60/90),uT3 67.8% (61/90) and uT4 96.7% (87/90),and the overall accuracy was 82.2% (74/90).Conclusion ERUS could effectively record the morphological changes of rectal cancer pre and post neoadjuvant chemoradiation therapy,which may contribute to the re-evaluation of the distance from inferior tumor margin to anal margin and the range and depth of tumor involvement pre surgical resection.

16.
Chinese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology ; (12): 751-756, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-707765

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze clinical outcome of high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (HSIL) half a year after loop electrosurgical excision procedure (LEEP) and explore the high risk factor of residual cervical HSIL.Methods The retrospective study was carried out on 1 502 patients who underwent LEEP,with HSIL in the LEEP histopathology from January 2011 to December 2013 at Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital of Fudan University to confer the difference between residual group and non-residual group after 6 months of the leep conization.Patients were followed with ThinPrep cytologic test (TCT),high risk HPV (HR-HPV) test,colposcopy guided biopsy (CBD) and endocervical curettage (ECC).The high risks of residual cervical HSIL was analyzed.Results Among 1 502 cases,48 (3.20%,48/1 502) cases suffered HSIL residual disease.Forty cases were diagnosed by CBD,4 cases were diagnosed by ECC.The other 4 cases were both positive in CBD and ECC.Residul rate were different among different age groups.The residual rate was higher in the age ≥50 years old compared to the age below 50 [9.70% (16/165),2.39% (32/1 337);x2=25.33,P<0.01].For post-LEEP specimens,both circumference (2.5,2.8 cm;Z=-3.17,P<0.01) and width [0.6,0.6 cm;Z=-2.88,P<0.01) were less in HSIL lesion residual group than those in non-residual group,though length showed no obvious difference [1.5,1.5 cm;Z=-1.55,P>0.05).The residual rate of leep positive margin was obviously higher than that in the negative margin group [6.77% (18/266) vs 2.43%(30/1 236);x2=13.30,P<0.01].Different positive margin had diverse residual rate,as positive endocervical margin was 16.07% (9/56),positive margin undetermined was 7.29% (7/96) and positive ectocervical margin was 3.33% (4/120).Both positive endocervical margin and positive margin undetermined had a higher residual rate than residual rate (x2=26.99,P<0.01;x2=4.24,P<0.05).Abnormal cytology showed higher residual rate than the non-residual with significant difference [6.00% (6/100) vs 1.29% (14/1 083),x2=9.50,P<0.01].In terms of the post-LEEP HR-HPV test follow-up,HR-HPV positive's residual rate was higher than that in the negative group [2.91% (6/206) vs 0.96% (7/727)],while there was no statistical significance (x2=3.10,P>0.05).Multivariate logistic analysis showed that abnormal cytology in 6 month's follow-up post-LEEP conization was an independent risk factor on residual lesion (OR=3.75,P<0.05).Conclusions Patient with age ≥50 years old and positive endocervical margin are high risk factors for the residual HSIL lesion after LEEP conization,especially for abnormal cytology during follow up is independent risk factor for residual lesion.Colposcopy directed biopsy and (or) ECC still play an indispendsable role in finding the HSIL residual lesion.

17.
Braz. arch. biol. technol ; 59(spe): e16160517, 2016. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-796848

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Large amount of agriculturl wastewater containing high level nitrate-nitrogen (NO3 --N) is produced from modern intensive agricultural production management due to the excessive use of chemical fertilizers and livestock scale farming. The hydroponic experiment of water hyacinth was conducted for analyzing the content of NO3 --N, soluble sugar content, N-transported the amino acid content and growth change in water hyacinth to explore its purification ability to remove NO3 --N from agriculture eutrophic wastewater and physiological and biochemical mechanism of this plant to remove NO3 --N. The results showed that the water hyacinth could effectively utilize the NO3 --N from agriculture eutrophic wastewater. Compared with the control, the contents of NO3 -change to NO3 --N in the root, leaf petiole and leaf blade of water hyacinth after treatment in the wastewater for a week was significantly higher than that in the control plants treated with tap water, and also the biomass of water hyacinth increased significantly, indicating that the accumulation of biomass due to the rapid growth of water hyacinth could transfer some amount of NO3 --N.13C-NMR analysis confirmed that water hyacinth would convert the part nitrogen absorbed from agriculture eutrophic wastewater to ammonia nitrogen, which increased the content of aspartic acid and glutamic acid, decreased the content of soluble sugar, sucrose and fructose and the content of N-storaged asparagine and glutamine, lead to enhance the synthesis of plant amino acids and promote the growth of plants. These results indicate that the nitrate in agriculture eutrophic wastewater can be utilized by water hyacinth as nitrogen nutrition, and can promote plant growth by using soluble sugar and amide to synthesis amino acids and protein.

18.
Chinese Journal of Microsurgery ; (6): 359-362, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-497105

ABSTRACT

Objective To determine whether rTFPI could inhibit vascular thrombosis and salvage random pattern skin flaps following AIRC in rat models.Methods From April,2013 to June,2015,30 adult male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomized into 3 groups;a control group,an avulsion injury with roll compaction (AIRC) group,and an AIRC plus rTFPI therapy group.An 8.0 cm× 2.5 cm random flap was raised on the dorsum of each rat.The AIRC and AIRC plus rTFPI flaps were then altered with a device designed to simulate avulsion injury with roll compaction.After flap closure primarily,treatment was initiated immediately and continued for 3 days.Phosphate buffered saline was used in the control group and the AIRC group,while the AIRC plus rTFPI group received the recombinant Tissue Factor Pathway Inhibitor.Laser Doppler flowmetry and infra-red thermalgraphy were used on postoperative day three to assess nicrocirculatory blood flow and viability of the avulsed flaps.At postoperative day seven,final flap survival was determined.Using SPSS19.0 statistical analysis.Results The flap survival in AIRC group was only (32.7 ± 5.2)% versus (62.5 ± 6.5)% in control group,but the flap survival significantly increased (51.6 ± 8.2)% after topical injecting rTFPI in experimental group.Statistically significant differences exist (P < 0.05) between every two groups.The detection results of Laser-Doppler flowmetry and infra-red thermography showed that perfusion arrived the centre of the flaps in experimental group,while perfusion only arrived the proximal part of the flaps in the AIRC control group.Conclusion rTFPI therapy is effective in reducing ischemic necrosis of random pattern flaps following avulsion injury in the rat model.It suggests that rTFPI therapy may play an important role in clinical salvage of the failing avulsion injuries with roll compaction.

19.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 839-842, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-502461

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effects of age factors on the pharmacokinetics of ropivacaine during combined lumbar plexus-sciatic nerve block in patients.Methods Twenty patients of both sexes,aged ≥ 18 yr,weighing 50-75 kg,of American Society of Anesthesiology physical status Ⅰ or Ⅱ,scheduled for elective lower extremity surgery,were divided into 2 groups (n=10 each) according to age:young and middle-aged group (18-59 yr) and elderly group (≥ 60 yr).Combined lumbar plexus-sciatic never block was performed using an ultrasonic instrument and a nerve stimulator.Lumbar plexus block was performed with 0.5% ropivacaine 30 ml.Sciatic never block was performed with 2% lidocaine 10 ml plus 0.75% ropivacaine 10 ml.Before administration and at 5,10,15,20,30,45,60,120,180 and 360 min after administration,blood samples were collected from the radial artery for determination of the blood concentration of ropivacaine by high-performance liquid chromatography.The area under the concentrationtime curve,maximum concentration (Cmax),time to C terminal elimination half-life and clearance were calculated.Results Compared with young and middle-aged group,the blood concentration of ropivacaine was significantly decreased at 5-45 min after administration,the Cmax was significantly decreased,terminal elimination half-life was significantly prolonged (P<0.05),and no significant change was found in area under the concentration-time curve,the time to C and clearance in elderly group (P> 0.05).Conclusion Age factors can affect the pharmacokinetics of ropivacaine during combined lumbar plexus-sciatic nerve block,and both absorption and metabolism of ropivacaine are slower in elderly patients than in young and middle-aged patients.

20.
Journal of Xi'an Jiaotong University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 280-284, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-461181

ABSTRACT

non-myeloablative BuCy+fludarabine conditioning regimen,and another one was treated with TBI+VP-1 6 +CTX+CCNU conditioning regimen.Only one case received short-term MTX,cyclosporin A and ATG regimen for prevention of graft-versus-host disease (GVHD).The GVHD prevention regimens of the other patients were based on short-term MTX,cyclosporin A,ATG and mycophenolate mofetil regimen.The hematopoietic reconstitution, complications and prognosis were observed.Results One patient died of intracranial hemorrhage,and hematopoi-etic reconstitution was achieved in the other 20 patients.The median time for hematopoietic reconstitution shortened by one day in large-dose group compared with that in low-dose group.Adverse reactions included high fever, shivering,gastrointestinal tract adverse reaction,liver injury,oral mucositis and other rare side effects.GVHD occurred more frequently in patients with HLA mismatched transplantation.Nine patients with aGVHD and 9 patients with cGVHD recovered after effective treatment.Within 100 days after transplantation,18 patients had bacterial or fungal infection,mainly upper respiratory tract infection;7 patients had cytomegalovirus infection;2 had EB viremia,and one had urinary BK virus infection.Only one patient died of VOD.Hemorrhagic cystitis occurred in 5 patients and improved after treatment.The median survival time was 24 months (ranging from 136 days to 9 years).One-year and 3-year overall survival rates were 85.2% and 63.9%,the disease free survival rates were 81% and 23.8%,recurrence free survival rates were 71.4% and 14.3%,respectively.Conclusion URD-HSCT was an effective method to treat leukemia.Conditioning regimen of BuCy and modified BuCy2 were safe and effective,the adverse reactions were reversible and well tolerated.Hematopoietic reconstitution time shortened in large-dose MNC and CD34 + cell number groups compared with that in low-dose group.The occurrence rate of GVHD with HLA mismatched transplantation was more than that of HLA matched transplantation.Low-dose heparin,prostaglandin E1 and Danshen injection can effectively prevent VOD.

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