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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-863858

ABSTRACT

Objective:Intensive physicians have relatively insufficient knowledge and experience in treating patients with decompensated schistosomiasis cirrhosis (DSC) admitted in intensive care unit (ICU), but are relatively familiar with patients with decompensated alcoholic cirrhosis (DAC). For this purpose, the clinical characteristics and prognosis of these patients were compared and analyzed.Methods:A retrospective analysis was performed from January 2013 to May 2019 in our hospital and Quzhou People’s hospital. The demographic data, laboratory examination, liver function, Child-Pugh classification, complications of cirrhosis, ultrasonic imaging gastroscopy manifestations were recorded and analyzed. In addition, the treatments and prognosis were also compared.Results:A total of 30 patients (12 males and 18 females) with DSC (aged 57-88) and 31 patients with DAC (aged 41-75) were collected. Compared with patients with DAC, DSC patients were more likely to have coronary heart disease, lower proportion of hyponatremia and lower need of ventilator support. Although the incidences of jaundice and hepatic encephalopathy were significantly reduced ( P<0.05), but parameters of liver function and coagulation were no significant differences in both groups ( P>0.05). B-mode ultrasound of liver in patients with DSC displayed more proportion of patchy and diffuse echo changes and liver volume reduction ( P<0.05), whereas the manifestations of gastroscope in both groups were similar. No significant difference in main treatment measures like uses of somatostatin and three-chamber and two-capsule tube was observed. After treatment, the stop time of gastrointestinal bleeding was similar between groups of DAC and DSC [1.25 (0.5-4.125) days vs. 1.75 (1-2.375) days] ( P>0.05). In addition, the length of ICU stay in DAC group was similar to DSC group [(4.96±3.58) days vs. (3.82±1.99) days], so did the 28-day mortality [14.29% (2/14) vs. 18.18% (2/11)] (both P>0.05). Conclusions:In genenal, patients with decompensated schistosomiasis cirrhosis have the similar clinical characteristics, major biochemical indicators and accessory examination results like ultrasound and gastroscopic examinations to patients with decompensated alcoholic cirrhosis. After timely treatments, both of these patients could achieve a good prognosis.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-803368

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the application of rope band therapy training on lower extremity motion function of children with spastic cerebral palsy.@*Methods@#A total of 55 children with spastic cerebral palsy were admitted to the Second Hospital Affiliated to Guangxi Medical University from January 2017 to March 2018, 27 males and 28 females, and the average age was(51.2±1.7)months.They were divided into a regular group (28 cases) and a rope band therapy training group (27 cases) according to random number table.The regular group included 14 males and 14 females, aged 2 to 6 years old, the mean age was (51.3±1.8) months; the rope therapy training group included 13 males and 14 females, aged 2 to 6 years old, the mean age was (51.1±1.9) months.The regular group was only treated by routine rehabilitation training.On the basis of routine rehabilitation training, the rope therapy training group also underwent the rope therapy training.Before and after 12 weeks of treatment, the 2 groups of children were evaluated and compared by Ashworth improved rating scale (MAS), children balance scale (PBS) and gross motor function test scale(GMFM-88 D and E regions).@*Results@#After 12 weeks of treatment, the MAS score of the regular group was (2.64±1.63) scores, the PBS score was (25.44±9.71) scores, the GMFM score of D regions score was (23.82±3.61) scores and E regions score was (26.34±8.81) scores. The MAS score of the rope therapy training group was (2.11±8.75) scores, the PBS (31.92±6.84) scores, the GMFM score of D region was (27.75±6.81) scores, and E region (31.92±6.84) scores.All evaluation criteria of 2 groups of children were improved than those before treatment (all P<0.05). However, the scores of the rope therapy training group were significantly better than those of the regular group, and the difference was significant (t=4.144, 5.186, 3.769, 4.254, all P<0.05).@*Conclusions@#Rope therapy training can effectively improve lower extremity motion function of children with spastic cerebral palsy, the gross motor function, spastic level and balance ability.

3.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 999-1003, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-667157

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the incidence of acute gastrointestinal injury (AGI) in intensive care unit (ICU) patients, and to approach the value of serum citrulline and intestinal fatty acid binding protein (IFABP) on diagnosis of AGI in critical patients. Methods A prospective study was conducted. 576 critical patients admitted to ICU of Yantai Yuhuangding Hospital from February 2016 to February 2017 were enrolled. According to the AGI classification proposed by European Society of Intensive Care Medicine (ESICM) in 2012, the AGI and severity of the patients were observed. The general data, severity and prognosis of patients with different AGI grades were recorded. According to the random number table, 20 patients with normal kidney function from AGI Ⅰ to Ⅳ were selected. The femoral artery blood was collected within 12 hours of ICU admission, and serum citrulline level was detected by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). Serum IFABP level was determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Twenty healthy subjects were selected as controls. The receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC) was drawn, and the predictive values of citrulline and IFABP for AGI diagnosis were evaluated. Results ① 576 patients were enrolled in the analysis. Of which 530 patients (92.0%) had AGI, and 289 patients with gradeⅠ (54.5%), 154 with grade Ⅱ (29.1%),64 with grade Ⅲ (12.1%), and 23 with grade Ⅳ (4.3%). With the increase in AGI classification, acute physiology and chronic health evaluation system Ⅱ (APACHE Ⅱ) score, sequential organ failure score (SOFA), the length of ICU stay and 28-day mortality were gradually increased. ② Compared with health control group, the levels of serum citrulline in patients with different AGI grades were significantly decreased, and IFABP was significantly increased. With the increase in AGI classification, the citrulline level was gradually decreased, and IFABP level was gradually increased [citrulline levels (μmol/L) in AGIⅠ,Ⅱ,Ⅲ,Ⅳ groups were 14.1±3.6, 12.7±3.1, 8.3±2.7, and 5.6±3.4, F = 3.287, P = 0.027, and IFABP levels (ng/L) were 526.7±204.9, 698.4±273.8, 894.7±455.9, and 1 062.8±532.2, F = 2.903, P = 0.043]. ROC curve analysis showed that citrulline had a higher predictive value for AGI diagnosis. The area under the ROC curve (AUC) was 0.927. When the cut-off value of citrulline was 9.7 μmol/L, the sensitivity and specificity were 87.5% and 87.5%, respectively. The AUC of IFABP was 0.043, which has no predictive value for the diagnosis of AGI. Conclusions The AGI is extremely common in ICU. The higher the AGI grade is, the worse the prognosis is. Citrulline has high diagnostic value for AGI in critical patients, but IFABP has no predictive value on the diagnosis of AGI.

4.
The Journal of Practical Medicine ; (24): 1083-1086, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-619073

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of Modified Siwutang aqueous extract (mSWT) on bone marrow cell mobilization and plantation in mice after acute myocardial infarction (AMI).Methods The AMI model was established by ligating the left anterior descending artery in Kunming mice.Bone marrow cells were marked by injection of DAPI into the cavitas medullaris of shin bones.Mice were administered with mSWT 60 mg/kg by intragastric administration once a day after surgery.After haematoxylin-eosin and immunofluorescent staining,the plantation of bone marrow cells in AMI area and microvessel density were detected by histopathological assay.The EPCs proportion of peripheral blood was measured by flow cytometry.Results Compared with model mice,infarct size obviously was decreased after mSWT 60 mg/kg treatment,with EPCs ratio increased significantly.Inflammatory cell infiltration of myocardium was much less.Myocardium cellular degeneration and necrosis,fibrosis were reduced,which survival cardiac muscle tissue was increased.DAPI positive cells of plantation and survive were found in AMI region of mSWT group.The number of positive cells were increased in mSWT group than that of model group.There were lot of microvessels of vWF positive expresseion in mSWT than model group.Conclusion:mSWT significantly improved histopathology of AMI mice.The mechanism may be involved in moved bone marrow cells,homed to AMI area and promote angiogenesis.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-662352

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the operation of grasping forceps and nursing staff made telescopic injection device were used for the clinical effect of Hemostasises thoracoscopic lobectomy. Methods 60 cases of thoracoscopic lobectomy for patients according to the date of surgery were divided into operation group and telescopic grasping forceps injection device group 30 patients were given hemostasia operation grasping forceps extraction hemostatic powder and hemostatic powder into the injection device for telescopic wound hemostasis treatment and preventive treatment, were compared between the two groups in the instrument body, completely hemostatic powder cover the wound time, evacuation time of endoscopic instruments, single hemostatic powder wound coverage, wound bleeding rate, the incidence of bleeding again installed. Results The telescopic injection device group and operation time grasping forceps group into cavity instruments, endoscopic evacuation equipment time showed no significant difference (P>0.05). Hemostatic powder completely cover the wounds of time (24.90 ± 5.90) s and (55.60 ± 25.60) s, there was significant difference between two groups (t=6.401, P<0.01). The single ended wound coverage of blood meal was 86.67%(26/30) and 76.67%(23/30), there was significant difference between two groups (χ2=2.016, P<0.05). Wound bleeding rate was 10.00%(3/30) and 33.33%(10/30), there was statistically significant difference between the two groups (χ2=4.812, P<0.05). The incidence of bleeding again to install powder was 10.0%(3/30) and 93.3%(28/30), there was significant difference between two groups (χ2=41.713, P <0.01). Conclusions The nursing staff made telescopic injection device assisted surgery were thoracoscopic lobectomy of the wound to stop bleeding and prevent rebleeding, wound coverage than grasping forceps, completely cover the wound operation less time than grasper, re install a low incidence of hemostatic powder, the whole process to shorten the operation time.

6.
The Journal of Practical Medicine ; (24): 2999-3003, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-661376

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the impact of transplantation of human amniotic mesenchymal stem cells(hAMSCs)on the histopathological change in paraquat-induced pulmonary fibrosis in rats. Methods Forty-six female SD rats were randomly divided into the sham surgery group and the hAMSCs transplant group. Pulmonary fibrosis model was induced by 2% of paraquat intragastric administration(100 mg/kg/rat). hAMSCs were injected through caudal vein(2 × 106 cells/mL/rat). The histopathological changes were observed through microscopy after HE and the immunohistochemical staining. Results General conditions in rats received hAMSCs transplantation were better than those of the model rats. More large area and white fibrosis nidus were observed in bilateral lung of model rats,with less dispersal spot or nidus. The construction of lung tissue was disordered in the model rats. The thickness of alveolar wall was found increased. There were large area interstitial hyperplasia and a large number of inflammatory cells infiltrations. The construction of lung tissue was apparently improved. A majority of alveolar wall was monolayer cell. There were only less and small area with interstitial hyperplasia. Inflammatory cell infiltration was significantly decreased. The anti-human nucleus specific antibody positive hAMSCs were observed planted and survived in lung interstitial tissue. And few hAMSCs were observed planted in alveolar wall. Conclusion The transplanted hAMSCs can be planted and survived in lung tissue ,and may play a therapeutic role in araquat-induced pulmonary fibrosis.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-659846

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the operation of grasping forceps and nursing staff made telescopic injection device were used for the clinical effect of Hemostasises thoracoscopic lobectomy. Methods 60 cases of thoracoscopic lobectomy for patients according to the date of surgery were divided into operation group and telescopic grasping forceps injection device group 30 patients were given hemostasia operation grasping forceps extraction hemostatic powder and hemostatic powder into the injection device for telescopic wound hemostasis treatment and preventive treatment, were compared between the two groups in the instrument body, completely hemostatic powder cover the wound time, evacuation time of endoscopic instruments, single hemostatic powder wound coverage, wound bleeding rate, the incidence of bleeding again installed. Results The telescopic injection device group and operation time grasping forceps group into cavity instruments, endoscopic evacuation equipment time showed no significant difference (P>0.05). Hemostatic powder completely cover the wounds of time (24.90 ± 5.90) s and (55.60 ± 25.60) s, there was significant difference between two groups (t=6.401, P<0.01). The single ended wound coverage of blood meal was 86.67%(26/30) and 76.67%(23/30), there was significant difference between two groups (χ2=2.016, P<0.05). Wound bleeding rate was 10.00%(3/30) and 33.33%(10/30), there was statistically significant difference between the two groups (χ2=4.812, P<0.05). The incidence of bleeding again to install powder was 10.0%(3/30) and 93.3%(28/30), there was significant difference between two groups (χ2=41.713, P <0.01). Conclusions The nursing staff made telescopic injection device assisted surgery were thoracoscopic lobectomy of the wound to stop bleeding and prevent rebleeding, wound coverage than grasping forceps, completely cover the wound operation less time than grasper, re install a low incidence of hemostatic powder, the whole process to shorten the operation time.

8.
The Journal of Practical Medicine ; (24): 2999-3003, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-658457

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the impact of transplantation of human amniotic mesenchymal stem cells(hAMSCs)on the histopathological change in paraquat-induced pulmonary fibrosis in rats. Methods Forty-six female SD rats were randomly divided into the sham surgery group and the hAMSCs transplant group. Pulmonary fibrosis model was induced by 2% of paraquat intragastric administration(100 mg/kg/rat). hAMSCs were injected through caudal vein(2 × 106 cells/mL/rat). The histopathological changes were observed through microscopy after HE and the immunohistochemical staining. Results General conditions in rats received hAMSCs transplantation were better than those of the model rats. More large area and white fibrosis nidus were observed in bilateral lung of model rats,with less dispersal spot or nidus. The construction of lung tissue was disordered in the model rats. The thickness of alveolar wall was found increased. There were large area interstitial hyperplasia and a large number of inflammatory cells infiltrations. The construction of lung tissue was apparently improved. A majority of alveolar wall was monolayer cell. There were only less and small area with interstitial hyperplasia. Inflammatory cell infiltration was significantly decreased. The anti-human nucleus specific antibody positive hAMSCs were observed planted and survived in lung interstitial tissue. And few hAMSCs were observed planted in alveolar wall. Conclusion The transplanted hAMSCs can be planted and survived in lung tissue ,and may play a therapeutic role in araquat-induced pulmonary fibrosis.

9.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 465-468, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-511289

ABSTRACT

Calcium-sensing receptor(CaSR) is a widely distributed G-protein coupled receptor.The activated CaSR plays an important role in many kinds of signaling pathway regulation, such as Ca2+ signaling pathway.It not only maintains the body calcium balance, but also is involved in the regulation of a variety of cell secretion, proliferation, apoptosis, and ion channel opening processes.CaSR expression is involved in stem cell migration, adhesion and homing in hematopoietic stem cells and mesenchymal stem cells.The activated CaSR also regulated the function of itself and characteristics in stem cells through a variety of cell signaling pathways.We introduce the functions and characteristics of CaSR, the relationship between CaSR and disease, and review the effects of the biological characteristics on hematopoietic stem cells and mesenchymal stem cells.

10.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 559-563,564, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-603162

ABSTRACT

Aim To investigate the effects of total gin-senosides ( TG) on microvascular regeneration and car-diac function in rat after acute myocardial infarction ( AMI ) . Methods The acute myocardial infarction model was created with left coronary artery ligated in male Sprague Dawley rats. The model rats were ran-domly divided into sham, model, TG low and high dose groups. TG groups were injected into abdominal cavity with TG(20 mg·kg-1·d-1, 40 mg·kg-1· d-1 ) . Sham and model groups were injected with e-qual-volume normal saline. On the 35th day post-opera-tion, heart function was examined by color doppler ul-trasoundination. HE, Masson and immunohistochemis-trical staining were used to observe the histopathologi-cal changes of myocardium and micro vessel density. The level of vascular endothelial growth factor( VEGF) and basic fibroblast growth factor( bFGF) mRNA were detected by real-time PCR. Results Compared with the model group, high and low dose TG obviously de-creased the left ventricular end diastolic dimension, the left ventricular end-systolic dimension, the left ventric-ular end-diastolic volume and the left ventricular end-systolic volume(P<0. 05 and P<0. 01), and signifi-cantly increased the ejection fraction and the fractional shortening ( P <0. 01 ) . The histopathological changes of myocardium on myocardial infarction and fibrosis were dramatically reduced by TG. But ventricular wall was thicker. Two dose TG remarkably increased the expressions of VEGF and bFGF mRNA and micro ves-sel density of compositive CD31 + cells in ischemic myocardial tissue and around of infarct area(P<0. 01, P <0 . 0 5 ) . Conclusions TG could improve the car-diac function of acute myocardial infarction rat. The mechanism may be related to the upregulation of VEGF and bFGF gene expression, the promotion angiogene-sis, then the improvement of blood supply in myocardi-al infarction area.

11.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 319-322, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-487208

ABSTRACT

Ginsenoside Rg1 ( Rg1 ) is a monomer isolated from ginseng, which has a variety of pharmacological activities. Rg1 can obviously regulate hematopoietic stem cells, mesenchymal stem cells, neural stem cells and endothelial progenitor cells proliferation, differentiation, aging, secretion and so on by mul-tiple mechanisms. Rg1 has important therapeutic effects on the reparation of tissues, organs damage and aging. This review de-scribes the current knowledge on the effects of Rg1 on the char-acteristics and functions of adult stem cells.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-266667

ABSTRACT

Since the release rate of protein in hydrogels is directly dependent upon the size of the protein and the hydrogel, how to deliver low molecular weight protein for prolonged periods has always been a problem. In this article, we present a usage of self-assembling peptide (P3) with the RGD epitope on its N terminus. The concentration of the released insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1) was determined by UV-vis spectroscopy and the release kinetics suggested a notable reduction of the IGF-1 release rate. Cell entrapment experiments revealed that IGF-1 delivery by biotinylated nanofibers could promote the proliferation of the mouse chondrogenic ATDC5 cells when compared with cells embedded within nanofibers with untethered IGF-1.


Subject(s)
Animals , Biotin , Cell Line , Delayed-Action Preparations , Drug Carriers , Chemistry , Hydrogels , Chemistry , Insulin-Like Growth Factor I , Pharmacology , Mice , Nanofibers , Oligopeptides , Chemistry
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-243910

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe the long-term safety and performance of Nurotron cochlear implant system. To analyze the auditory and speech rehabilitation characteristic of pediatric deafened patients after cochlear implantation.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>To analyze 3 years results of pediatric deafened patients with Nurotron® Venus™ cochlear implants. From April to June 2011, sixty deaf children received domestic cochlear implant. All subjects were switched on after 3 to 4 weeks of surgery, and were assessed the auditory rehabilitation on 3 months, 12 months, 24 months and 36 months after switching on. To evaluate the rehabilitation results by Aided Hearing Thresholds, Auditory & Verbal Ability Test and IT-MAIS Questionnaire. Meanwhile, the safety and performance of cochlear implant system were followed-up. Before surgery, all the recipients in this study were 12 to 71 months of age with the average hearing threshold higher than 90 dBHL.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Sixty cases of deaf children were implanted successfully. All the recipients used their devices every day, and all of their devices worked well. No complication or side effect related to implantation were found. The sound field aided hearing thresholds, vowels, consonants, monosyllabic words and two-syllable words test, as well as Ling's test, and IT-MAIS Questionnaire of all recipients were improved significantly with prolonged use of CI device. The results of grammatical competence, understanding, communication and presentation skills tests also get significantly promotion in 3 years follow up.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>With prolonged use of CI device, the hearing and language tests of children recipients could obtain significantly improvement. The Nurotron® Venus™ CI system works safely and effectively.</p>


Subject(s)
Child , Cochlear Implantation , Cochlear Implants , Deafness , Rehabilitation , Hearing Tests , Humans , Language , Speech Perception , Time Factors , Treatment Outcome
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-247949

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>The aim of the study was to evaluate the effects of cochlear implantation on bilateral perceived tinnitus of postlingually deafened patients.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>Total of 32 postlingually deafened cochlear implant recipients (13 males, 19 females; 31 unilateral,1 bilateral cochlear implantation) with bilateral tinnitus were assessed by Tinnitus Handicap Inventory (THI) before and after implantation. Furthermore, characteristics information of tinnitus were recorded to analyze the variety of tinnitus. Intensity of tinnitus in ispilateral and contralateral ears was investigated when cochlear implant was switched on and off. Statistical analysis was performed by SPSS 18.0.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Twenty-two patients (71.0%) got a decreased THI score of more than 20 points after the operation. The average THI score of pre-operation was 56.4±18.1, and post-operation score was 24.7±22.7. A paired-samples t test analysis showed a significant difference of the THI total scores (t=8.037, P<0.05). Tinnitus in the ipsilateral ear improved in 81.9% (27/33) patients and 18.2% (6/33) unchanged. Tinnitus in the contralateral ear improved in 71.0% (22/31) patients, 16.1% (5/31) unchanged and 12.9% (4/31) worsen. Tinnitus of ipsilateral ears improved or abolished in 97.0% (32/33) patients, while 83.9% (26/31) of contralateral ear got reduction or absence of loudness when cochlear implant was switched on.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>As an electrical stimulation treatment method, cochlear implant has the inhibitory effect on tinnitus. However, cases of tinnitus aggravation were found, further data is still necessary before considering CI as a treatment of tinnitus.</p>


Subject(s)
Cochlear Implantation , Cochlear Implants , Electric Stimulation , Female , Humans , Male , Perception , Postoperative Period , Tinnitus , General Surgery
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-443357

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the therapeutic effect and immunologic regulation of human amniotic mesenchymal stem cells (hAMSCs) in rats with experimental type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM).Methods The hAMSCs from human amnion were isolated and cultured in vitro,then phenotype was analyzed by flow cytometry.T1DM were produced by administering streptozocin to rats.The rats were divided into normal control group (n =6),T1 DM model group (n =6),medium treated group (n =6),hAMSCs transplanted group(n =6),and insulin treated group(n =6).5 × 106of hAMSCs or vehicle were administered to rats via sublingual vein.Blood glucose levels of rats were recorded weekly in the groups for six weeks by Blood Sugar Meter.At the end of 6 weeks after hAMSCs transplantation,concentrations of plasma insulin were detected by ELISA; histopathological changes of pancreas,surviwl and differentiation of transplanted hAMSCs in pancreatic tissue were studied with HE staining,and immunofluorescence staining; percentages of lymphocyte subsets in peripheral blood mononuclear cells were determined by flow cytometry ; concentrations of plasma cytokines were determined by cytometric bead array.Results After hAMSCs transplantation,blood glucose levels in rats with T1DM were decreased (P < 0.01),while concentrations of plasma insulin were increased significantly (P<0.01).At 6 weeks,cell-treated animals showed an improvement in pancreas damage ; the percentages of CD4 + IFN-γ+ (Th 1) and C D4 + interleukin (IL)-17 + (Th 17) cells were reduced (all P<0.05),while the percentages of FoxP3-positive regulatory T cells (FoxP3 +Treg) and CD4+ IL-4+(Th2) cells were increased (all P<0.01) ; plasma concentrations of interferon-γ,IL-2,and tumor necrosis factor-αwere decreased (all P<0.01),but IL-4 level was increased (P<0.05).No histological evidence of insulin producing cells from hAMSCs was seen within pancreas.Conclusions hAMSCs may reduce blood glucose and alleviate the islet damage in rats with T1 DM,which is related to their potential to up-regulate FoxP3 +Treg cells.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-234482

ABSTRACT

Application research on human amniotic membrane has been carried out for nearly a hundred years and people found that there were more than dozens of kinds bioactive substances in the amniotic membrane. It has been proved that the amniotic membrane has a lot of functions, such as anti-inflammatory, anti-bacterial, anti-virus, anti-angiogenic and promoting cell apoptosis, and soon. As effective treatments, amniotic membrane has been used for adjunctive therapy of burns, trauma, ophthalmic damage, dermatopathya. Recent advances of amniotic membrane and amniotic membrane-derived cells research have led to enormous progress in skin tissue engineering, vascular tis- sue engineering, biological scaffold material, and biological sustained-release materials. Amniotic membrane and amniotic membrane derived cells have a significant advantage and unique charm in medical field. Therefore, they have higher research value and broad prospects in the applications.


Subject(s)
Amnion , Biomedical Research , Humans , Tissue Engineering , Treatment Outcome
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-343455

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the expressions of Notch1-4 gene in human keloid-derived mesenchymal-like stem cells, and to explore the Notch signaling pathway's role in the formation of keloid.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Keloid samples were collected to harvest human keloid-derived mesenchymal-like stem cells through two-step enzymatic dissociation method. By flow cytometry, cell phenotype of primary and P3 generation were analyzed. By immunocytochemistry, the expressions of Oct4, vimentin and CK19 were examined. Keloid-derived mesenchymal-like stem cells were induced into osteoblasts in vitro and calcium deposition was detected by Alizarin red S stain. Realtime polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) was used to detect the expressions of Notch1-4 mRNA in keloid-derived mesenchymal-like stem cells.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Flow cytometry showed that keloid-derived mesenchymal-like stem cells of primary and P3 generation highly expressed CD29, CD44, CD90 from the typical MSC phenotype marker, but they failed to express HSC phenotype markers, such as CD34 and CD45. The results of immunocytochemistry showed that Oct4 from pluripotent stem cell markers and vimentin from mesenchymal cell markers was positive and CK19 from epithelial cell markers was negative. After induced differentiation into osteoblasts in vitro after 21 day, calcium nodules could be seen clearly; Notch1-4 gene were expressed in keloid-derived mesenchymal-like stem cells through RT-PCR. The relative quantitative of Notch2, Notch3 gene were higher than Notch1, Notch4 gene (P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The expression difference of different subtypes from Notch gene in human keloid-derived mesenchymal-like stem ceils may be related to self-renewal, proliferation, differentiation, and participate in the formation of keloid.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Cells, Cultured , Child , Female , Humans , Keloid , Metabolism , Pathology , Male , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Metabolism , Receptors, Notch , Metabolism
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-454349

ABSTRACT

Objective Toinvestigateserumalanineaminotransferase(ALT)andtotalbilirubin(TB)concentrationsofchildrenin Panyu district of Guangzhou ,and establish the reference ranges for ALT and TB tests for healthy children of different gender and different age .Methods 4 065 children were chosen randomly ,and their serum ALT and TB were determined .After excluding the outliers ,the results were analyzed statistically .Results After excluding outliers ,a total of 4 000 children were enrolled in the stud-y ,including 2 241 males ,1 759 females ,aged 2- <9 years old .According to statistical analysis ,reference ranges were established . For male the ALT reference ranges were as follows ,2- <3 years old :5 .0-36 .0 U/L ,3- <4 years old :7 .0-21 .0 U/L ,4- <8 years old :6 .0-21 .0 U/L ,8- <9 years old :5 .0-24 .0 U/L ;TB reference ranges of male were as follows ,2- <3 years old :3-12μmol/L ,3- <7 years old :4-15 μmol/L ,7- <8 years old :4-16 μmol/L ,8- <9 years old :7-12 μmol/L .ALT reference range of female were as follows ,2- <3 years old :6 .0-30 .0 U/L ,3- <4 years old:7 .0-22 .0 U/L ,4- <9 years old :6 .0-19 .0 U/L ;female TB reference range ,2- <3 years old :3 .0-12 .0 μmol/L ,3- <4 years old :3 .0-13 .0 μmol/L ,4- <9 years old:4 .0-16 . 0 μmol/L .Conclusion Established the reference ranges of ALT and TB test for healthy children in Panyu district .

19.
The Journal of Practical Medicine ; (24): 1376-1380, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-451346

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the biological properties of human amniotic mesenchymal stem cells (hAMSCs) which were preconditioned with phosphodiesterase-5 inhibitor (Vardenfil). Methods hAMSCs were in vitro isolated and cultured, hAMSCs were pre-treated with vardenfil in final concentration of 10 μmol/L. The morphology of Vard-hAMSCs was observed, and the immunological characteristics, proliferative capacity, and ability of anti-oxidative damage of hAMSCs and Vard-hAMSCs were analyzed by flow cytometry. Double labeling immunofluorescent staining was used to count the differences of differential potential between neural cells of hAMSCs and Vard-hAMSCs. Results (1)Flow cytometry revealed that both hAMSCs and Vard-hAMSCs positively expressed CD90、CD105 and CD73, and negatively expressed CD34、CD45、CD11b and HLA-DR. The SPF and PI in Vard-hAMSCs group were (0.57 ± 0.40)% and (2.20 ± 1.60)% respectively, there was no statistical significance compared with hAMSCs group; (2)After 4 hours treated by H2O2, the apoptosis rate in Vard-hAMSCs group were (7.67 ± 0.82)%,which were markedly lower than that in the hAMSCs group and specific blocker group; (3)Under the same induction condition, positive rates of MAP-2 and GFAP in Vard-hAMSCs group were (49.8 ± 6.42)%and (55.2 ± 6.10)% respectively detected by double labeling immunofluorescent staining, which were significantly higher than the control group. Conclusion The strategy that hAMSCs are treated with vandenfil can enrich the ability of anti-oxidative damage and the differential potential for neural cells in a certain time, and the morphology, immunological characteristics, proliferative capacity of Vard-hAMSCs have no significant change. It suggests that pre-treatment with vandenfil may provide a optimized experimental strategey for hAMSCs which were used to treat nervous system disease.

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