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1.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma ; (12): 539-542, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909992

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the efficacy of proximal femoral nail anti-rotation (PFNA) plus bone cement enhancement in the treatment of geriatric osteoporotic femoral intertrochanteric fractures.Methods:A retrospective analysis was conducted of the 52 elderly patients with osteoporotic femoral intertrochanteric fracture who had been treated at Department of Bone and Joint Surgery, The Fourth People's Hospital of Guiyang from September 2012 to October 2018 by PFNA internal fixation plus bone cement enhancement. They were 8 males and 44 females, aged from 65 to 91 years (average, 78 years). The time from injury to operation averaged 4.4 d. By the AO/OTA classification, there were one case of type 31-A1.2, 2 cases of type 31-A2.1, 8 cases of type 31-A2.2, 34 cases of type 31-A2.3, one case of type 31-A3.1, and 6 cases of type 31-A3.3. The patients' operation time, intraoperative bleeding, hospital stay, fracture reduction, postoperative weight-bearing time, fracture union time, function of the affected hip and complications were recorded.Results:The operation time for this cohort averaged 79.4 min, intraoperative bleeding 123.6 mL, and hospital stay 11.9 d. By the Francisco evaluation, the reduction of intertrochanteric fracture was assessed as good in 43 cases and as fair in 9 cases. Of this cohort, 45 were followed up for 5 to 12 months (average, 6 months) and 7 lost to follow-up. By the Harris hip scores at the last follow-up, 14 cases were rated as excellent, 25 as good and 6 as fair, giving an excellent to good rate of 88.9% (39/45). No complications like loosening, cut-out or breakage of implants or femoral head necrosis occurred during follow-up.Conclusion:In the treatment of geriatric osteoporotic femoral intertrochanteric fractures, PFNA plus bone cement enhancement can achieve satisfactory clinical efficacy.

2.
Chinese Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 168-172, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885810

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the efficacy of amiodarone in preventing reperfusion ventricular fibrillation (RVF) in patients undergoing cardiac surgery.Methods:This study searched the databases of CNKI, Wanfang, Weipu, Cochrane, Embase, Web of Knowledge and PubMed, and searched the related research of amiodarone to prevent RVF in cardiac surgery patients, the time was until December 2019. Meta analysis was performed using Revman 5.3 software according to established standards.Results:The study included six studies (incorporating 514 patients). According to different intervention methods, 514 patients were divided into three groups, 196 in the amiodarone group, 153 in the lidocaine group, and 165 in the placebo group. The incidence of RVF was significantly lower in the amiodarone group than in the control group ( RR: 0.64, 95% CI: 0.47-0.86, P=0.003, I2=49%), but there was no significant difference between the amiodarone group and the lidocaine group( RR: 1.03, 95% CI: 0.48-2.22, P=0.94, I2=74%). Compared with the control group, amiodarone reduced the defibrillation frequency of RVF, but the difference was not statistically significant ( RR: 0.90, 95% CI: 0.68-1.20, P=0.48, I2=0). There was no difference in the number of defibrillation of RVF between the lidocaine group and the amiodarone groups ( RR: 1.50, 95% CI: 0.90-2.52, P=0.12, I2=38%). Conclusion:Compared with the control group, amiodarone can significantly reduce the incidence of RVF in patients undergoing cardiac surgery.

3.
Journal of Regional Anatomy and Operative Surgery ; (6): 337-340, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-614266

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the relationship between the level of serum triglyceride and early pain after posterior lumbar interbody fusion.Methods A total of 79 patients who were admitted into our hospital from March 2016 to December 2016 were selected into the study,and these patients were divided into two groups according to the degree of pain which means 32 cases in the minor pain group and 47 cases in the intermediate pain group.The difference of serum triglyceride level 3 days after operation were compared between the two groups.Pearson correlation analysis was performed to test the correlation between the level of serum triglyceride and early post-surgical pain.Logistic regression analysis was performed to test the risk factors for early post-surgical pain.Results The data indicated the level of pain was significant higher in the intermediate pain group than that of the minor pain group.Level of serum triglyceride had a significantly positive correlation with the level of post-surgical pain and it was the risk factor of pain after posterior lumbar interbody fusion.Conclusion The level of serum triglyceride is the risk factor of early post-surgical pain of lumbar single level interbody infusion,and it should be adjusted in the perioperative treatment.

4.
Journal of Regional Anatomy and Operative Surgery ; (6): 660-663, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-607152

ABSTRACT

Objective The study aimed to identify risk factors of lumbar disc herniation in patients after decompression,and provide theoretical basis for postoperaive rehabilitation.Methods A told of 169 patients with lumbar spinal stenosis underwent bilateral partial laminectomy were included in the study,24 patients in herniation group,and 145 patients without develop postoperative acute sciatica as a control group.The radiographic variables were measured.The threshold of risk factors was evaluated by multiple logistics analysis and receiver operating characteristic curve(ROC) analysis.Results The results revealed that preoperative retrolisthesis during extension was the independent risk factor for lumbar disc herniation(1.24,95%CI[1.07~1.43];P<0.01).The area under the curve(AUC) was 0.801,and the cutoff value was 6.89%.Conclusion The preoperative retrolisthesis was the risk factor of lumbar disc herniation.

5.
Modern Clinical Nursing ; (6): 30-31,32, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-600546

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of acupoint massage combined with foot bathing in hot water on sleep quality of patients after gynecological operation. Methods Ninety-nine gynecological patients were divided into the control group (n=49) and the observation group (n = 50) after gynecological operation according to time of admission. The control group received the routine nursing and the observation group was treated with acupoint massage and foot bathing in hot water besides routine nursing. Pittsburgh sleep quality index was used to investigate the sleep quality at the day before operation 1 and 8 days after operation. Result The sleep quality of postoperative patients in the observation group was significantly better than that of the control group (P < 0.05). Conclusions The acupoint massage with hot bathing in hot water can improve the quality of sleep of the patients after gynecological operations. For its convenience in manipulation, it is popular among patients and their families.

6.
Journal of Modern Laboratory Medicine ; (4): 150-152, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-482617

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the levels of serum TAM and Cyfra21-1 in diagnosis and chemotherapeutic efficacy assess-ment of patients with esophageal cancer.Methods The serum TAM and Cyfra21-1 levels were measured in 92 patients with initially diagnosed esophageal cancer or postoperative recurrence of esophageal cancer from September 2012 to September 2013 and 50 cases of healthy people in the same periods as control.The sensitivity and specificity of TAM and Cyfra21-1 were analyzed.Moreover,60 patients with high TAM and Cyfra21-1 levels before chemotherapy from September 2012 to A-pril 2014 were detected TAM and Cyfra21-1 levels after two cycles of chemotherapy.Relation between changes of TAM or Cyfra21-1 and chemotherapeutic efficacy were investigated.Results The diagnostic sensitivity of TAM for esophageal canc-er was 71.7%,which was higher than that of Cyfra21-1 (51.1%,P = 0.004).The diagnostic specificity of TAM and Cy-fra21-1 for esophageal cancer was 94.0% and 92.0% respectively.There were no significantly different between TAM and Cyfra21-1 (P =0.695).Of patients undergoing chemotherapy,the overall response was 25 cases,progress was 11 cases. There was no statistically significant difference in the coincidence rate of TAM and Cyfra21-1 (77.8% vs 75.0%,P =0.781).Conclusion Detection of serum TAM and CYFRA21-1 was valuable in the diagnosis and assessment of the thera-peutic efficacy of chemotherapy in patients with esophageal carcinoma.TAM was better than Cyfra21-1 in the diagnosis of e-sophageal carcinoma.

7.
Modern Clinical Nursing ; (6): 12-14, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-454740

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effect of health belief model on compliance behavior of patients with PICC(peripherally inserted central catheter).Methods According to admission order,75 cases of PICC were divided into control group(n=36)and observation group(n=39).Patients in the control group received conventional health education and regular visits after discharge and besides the regular methods,patients in the observation group were intervened by health belief model for the compliance behavior.All patients of two groups were investigated with self-designed scale for compliance behavior.Result The compliance behavior of the observation group was better than that of control group with significant difference(P<0.05).Conclusion The health belief model of education can improve the compliance behavior of PICC patients after discharge from hospital.

8.
Chinese Journal of Analytical Chemistry ; (12): 878-884, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-452329

ABSTRACT

Using cyproheptadine ( CYP) as template molecule, methacrylic acid ( MAA) as monomer, ethylene glycol dimethacrylate (EGDMA) as cross-linker, molecularly imprinted polymers (MIP) with high selectivity to cyproheptadine (CYP) were prepared by the optimization of porogen, monomer, and the mole ratio of monomer to template. The specific surface area of the prepared polymers was 24. 9 m2 / g. The recovery of CYP was above 94. 0% when the following procedure was applied to the cartridge of MIP as adsorptive material: conditioning with methanol and water, loading with water, washing with water and methanol, and eluting with methanol-ammonia (95: 5, V/ V). As a control, the recovery of CYP on non-imprinted polymers cartridge (NISPE) was only 38. 9% . The binding capacity of the molecularly imprinted solid phase extraction (MISPE) towards CYP found to be about 8. 8 mg of CYP/ g polymers and the imprinting factor (IF) was about 2. 32. Under optimal conditions, a mixed standard solution of CYP, amitriptyline, sulfadiazine and trimethoprim (10 mg / L each) was uploaded on the MISPE and NISPE for selectivity experiment. The gradient elution was used by using 0. 05% sodium pentanesulfonate solution (A)-acetintrile (B) as a mobile phase. The recoveries on the MISPE for sulfadiazine and trimethoprim (different structure with CYP) were less than 10% , however, the recovery for the similar structural amitriptyline was more than 70% , and the recovery more than 90% for CYP. All the recoveries on the NISPE for four analytes were less than 30% . This new MISPE cartridge was applied to extract and enrich CYP in livestock drinking water sample, and the recoveries of CYP ranged from 80. 5% -97. 7% , and the limit of detection (LOD) was 0. 01 mg / L.

9.
Chinese Journal of Analytical Chemistry ; (12): 82-86, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-404311

ABSTRACT

The chemical structures of mequindox related metabolites in chicken plasma had been investigated using high performance liquid chromatography combined with linear ion trap quadrupole(LC-ESI/LTQ) and high performance liquid chromatography combined with ion trap-time of flight-mass spectrometry (LC-ESI/IT-TOF).Samples were separated by Hypersil BDS C_(18) and symmetry Shield columns, respectively, and 0.01% formic acid aqueous(A) and methanol(B) were used as mobile phase with gradient elution.Electros pray ionization mass spectrometric(ESI) source was used and operated in positive ion mode.When chickens were orally administered with mequindox at dosage of 20 mg/kg, blood samples were collected from the brachi al vein.Mequindox and its metabolites were extracted by the mixture of acetonitrile and acetoacetate (3:2, V/V).After solvent evaporated, the residue was dissolved in 30% methanol aqueous and the solution was detected by LC/IT-TOF MS and LC-ESI/LTQ.The molecule weight from LC-ESI/IT-TOF was analyzed by software Shimadzu's Composition and the mass chromatogram from LC-ESI/LTQ was analyzed by software Xcalibur 2.0.7.According to the molecular weight and MS~n data, referring the metabolic reaction rules, five chemical structures of mequindox related metabolites in chicken plasma were identified.Metabolites (M1-M4) were synthesized to verify the structure of metabolites.The metabolites are 3-methyl-2-(1-hydroxy) ethyl-qui-noxaline-N~1,N~4-dioxide(Ml), 3-methyl-2-(1-hydroxy) ethyl-quinoxaline-N~4-oxide(M2), 3-methyl-2-acetyl-quinoxaline-N~4-oxide, 3-methyl-2-acetyl-quinoxaline (M4), 3-hydroxymethyl-2-(1-hydroxy) ethyl-quinoxa-line-N~1,N~4-dioxide (M5).

10.
Chinese Journal of Analytical Chemistry ; (12): 95-99, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-404292

ABSTRACT

Molecularly imprinted polymers (MIPs) with high selectivity to tilmicosin (TIM) were prepared using tylosin(TYL) as dummy template, methacrylic acid(MAA) as monomer, ethylene glycol dimethacrylate (EGDMA) as cross-linker.The effects of 4 porogens including dimethyl formamide, methanol, acetone, and chloroform on the recognition capability of MIPs were investigated.Orthogonal test was used to optimize the preparation of MIPs, and the optimal composition was as follows; 1.0 mmol TYL, 8.0 mmol MAA, 20.0 mmol EGDMA, 6.0 mL chloroform, 20.0 mg azobisisobutyronitrile.The solid phase extraction condi tions and characteristics of MIPs as adsorptive material for the selective extraction and enrichment of TIM were also studied.The recovery of TIM was above 90% when the following procedure was applied to MIPs cartridge: conditioning with methanol and water(pH 9.0), loading with acetonitrile, cleaning with methanol and chloroform respectively, and eluting with 3 mL methanol-ammonia(95:5, V/V).The recovery of TIM on non-imprinted polymers cartridge was only 32%.

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