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1.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 1792-1795, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-705746

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the prognostic value of serum neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipid transport protein (NGAL) and renal injury molecule 1 (KIM-1) in assessing neonatal sepsis with a-cute renal injury. Methods A total of 63 cases of renal injury with neonatal sepsis was collected from De-partment of Pediatrics, Affiliated Children's Hospital of Capital Institute of Pediatrics. The general condition of the patients, and neonatal critical case score ( NCIS) were recorded. The expressions of NGAL and KIM-1 in serum of all children were measured by venous blood and urine. Each case was followed up for 28 days to track the death of newborns. Pearson correlation analysis was used to test the correlation among NGAL, KIM-1, and NCIS;Multivariate regression analysis was used for NGAL, KIM-1, and other risk factors asso-ciated with neonatal sepsis kidney injury 28 days mortality. Receiver operating characteristic ( ROC) curve was used to compare the value of NGAL and KIM-1 in the prognosis of neonatal sepsis renal injury. The val-ues of NGAL and KIM-1 in the prognosis of neonatal sepsis renal injury were analyzed by ROC curve. Re-sults ⑴ After 28 days of follow-up, 63 cases of neonatal sepsis, and 22 died were found, which was ac-counted for 34. 92 percent of the total. ⑵ Compared to the survival group, the expressions of NGAL and KIM-1 in the death group were increased ( P<0. 01 ) . ⑶ Pearson correlation analysis showed that NGAL and KIM-1 expressions in peripheral blood were negatively correlated with NCIS. ⑷Multivariate regression analysis showed that NGAL and KIM-1 were independent risk factors for neonatal sepsis kidney injury ( P<0. 01). ⑸ ROC curve analysis showed that the area under the curve of NGAL and KIM-1 was 0. 79 (95%CI:0. 75-0. 93), and 0. 84 (95% CI:0. 71-0. 90), NGAL and KIM-1 were better than single detection with NGAL, or KIM-1, area under curve (AUC) was 0. 89 (95% CI:0. 78-0. 94) (P<0. 01). Sensitiv-ity of KIM-1 was superior to that of NGAL, and specificity of NGAL was superior to KIM-1. The sensitivity and specificity of both were better than single detection with NGAL and KIM-1. Conclusions NGAL and KIM-1 have good predictive value in assessing neonatal sepsis kidney injury mortality.

2.
Chinese Journal of Perinatal Medicine ; (12): 385-389, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-493534

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the imaging manifestations of congenital intestinal malrotation. Methods The clinical data of 92 infants with congenital intestinal malrotation admitted from January 1993 to December 2012 were studied retrospectively. All the 92 cases enrolled in this study were diagnosed based on imaging examinations and confirmed surgically. The imaging features of four examinations including plain abdominal radiography, upper gastrointestinal radiography, lower gastrointestinal angiography and ultrasound examination were analyzed. Results The percentage of the infants who presented with the initial clinical symptoms of vomit, blood stool and abdominal dilatation was 87.0%(80/92), 3.3%(3/92) and 1.1%(1/92), respectively, and eight cases [8.7%(8/92)] received prenatal ultrasound, which showed intestinal malrotation. Clinical examination showed no abdominal abnormalities in 68 (73.9%) cases. Seventy-seven cases underwent plain abdominal radiography, revealing intestinal obstruction in 31 cases. Thirty-six cases underwent upper gastrointestinal radiography, which revealed malrotation in 14 cases, and duodenal complete/incomplete obstruction or stenosis in 19 cases. Twenty-two cases underwent lower gastrointestinal angiography, and all of them were diagnosed as malrotation. Seventy-nine cases were examined with abdominal ultrasonography, and 58 cases were diagnosed as malrotation. Conclusions Rational selection of imaging examinations can improve the preoperative diagnosis. When congenital intestinal malrotation is suspected, abdominal ultrasound should be done as the first optional examination. At the same time, plain abdominal radiography should be selected accordingly. When intestinal malrotation with or without midgut volvulus is suggested, surgery should be performed as early as possible. When the diagnosis is not clear, upper or lower gastrointestinal radiography should be done.

3.
Chinese Journal of Hepatobiliary Surgery ; (12): 134-137, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-466307

ABSTRACT

Fast tract surgery (FTS) has been implemented in different fields of surgery to attenuate the surgical stress response and accelerate recovery.Liver resection is the preferred treatment for a variety of primary and secondary liver tumors.However,liver resection is associated with severe stress response and higher rate of postoperative morbidity and mortality.Fast tract surgery has been reported to accelerate recovery following liver resection.In this review,we summarize the recent progress of fast tract surgery in liver resection.

4.
Chinese Pediatric Emergency Medicine ; (12): 58-61, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-431665

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical manifestations and prognosis of infants less than three months with kawasaki disease (KD).Methods Clinical manifestations,diagnosis,treatment and follow-up of the infants less than 3 months diagnosed with KD and hospitalized from Jan 2009 to Jan 2012 in Capital Institute of Pediatrics were collected and reviewed.Results Fourteen infants less than 3 months were diagnosed as KD during recent 3 years.Among them 8 cases were diagnosed as typical KD,6 cases as incomplete KD.The infants with KD had clinical features as fever longer than 5 d (14/14),cervical lymphadenopathy (11/14),rash (11/14),extremity changes (9/14),mucositis (10/14),conjunctivitis (5/14).Infants with incomplete KD had fever longer than 5 d (6/6) and extremity changes (4/6),cervical lymphadenopathy (3/6),rash (3/6).But fewer infants (2/6) had extremity changes later than 2 weeks.It was difficult to diagnose atypical KD earlier.More than half (8/14) of all the infants with KD had complications,6/14 had damaged liver function.Nearly all the cases (12/14) received intravenous immunoglobulin 1 g/.(kg·d) within 10 d of presentation.The coronary artery lesion was found in 2 infants during hospitalization.2 cases were found to have CAL during the follow-up after discharge from the hospital.The coronary artery lesion of the 4 infants recovered during follow-up.Conclusion Infants less than 3 months have higher rate of incomplete KD.All infants with KD should be followed-up and monitored for the coronary artery lesion.

5.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 1515-1518, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-439994

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the relationship of cellular immunity of the hand-foot-mouth disease (HFMD) children and the disease severity and the variation following the recovery of disease.Methods A total of 560 HFMD cases was collected,and divided into severe and common groups.Another 120 cases were collected for comparison.T cell subsets (CD3 +,CD4 +,and CD8 +) rates were tested.The difference in cell immunity in each group were compared,and the comparison of cell immunity improv-ment during acute and recovery periods was conducted at the same time.Results In the 560 cases of children with HFMD,CoxA16-positive rate in common group was higher than that in severe group (x2 =280.72,P <0.01,severe cases); EV71 and other virus positive rates in severe group were higher than that in common group (x2 =127.75,P < 0.01,x2 =5.43,P < 0.05).Cell immunity was compared among3 groups (t =9.82,4.98,3.06); CD3+,CD4+,CD8+ results,tested within 2h after admission and after 1 week,were compared between severe and common groups (common group t =7.73,3.86,4.71; severe group t =6.13,2.60,3.36).Compared to severe group,cell immunity improvement was more obvious between before and after 1-week treatment in common group (t =2.57,2.51,2.95).The difference was statistically significant (P < 0.05).Conclusions According to the etiology test of children with HFMD,CoxA16-positive rate was higher in common group; EV71 and other virus positive rates were higher in severe group.Cell immunity function decreased in severe and common group at the beginning of the disease; it was,however,significantly restored after 1-week treatment; and it was related to the severity of clinical symptoms.

6.
Chinese Journal of Emergency Medicine ; (12): 151-155, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-384305

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate effect of Dahuang Fuzi decoction on alveolaur epithelial barrier in rats with lung injury with severe acute pancreatitis. Method Ninty-six health SD rats were randomly divided into three groups: sham operation group, SAP-ALI group, Dahuang Fuzi decoction group, and then according to the time point of sacrifice after operation, each group was subdivided into 3,6,12,24 hour subsets ( each, n = 8). After the belly of a rat in the sham operation group was cut open, the pancreas was flipped several times,and then a stoma was made in the jejunum to form its fistula. In the SAP-ALl group,1 mL/kg sodium taurocholate was reversely injected into the pancreatobile duct to establish the model of SAP, and then the jejimum fistula was performed. The SAP-ALI model in Dahuang Fuzi decoction group was treated by injection of 10ml of Dahuang Fuzi decoctionon into the fistula respectively. Blood was collected from heart to detect serum amvlase and endotoxin (ET) levels before the rat being executed. The lung histopathologic changes, pulmonary injury scores and wet/dry weight(W/D) ratios were observed after the rats were executed. The alveolar liquid clearance rate(ALCR), total lung water content (TLW), extravascular lung water content(EVLW) and alveolar epithelial permeability (AEP) were examined in 3,6, 12,24 h after injury.Results There was continuous increase of AEP,TLW and EVLW,as well as progressive reduction of ALCR compared with sham operation group at 3,6,12,24 h after operation. Compared with SAP-ALI group, there was continuous decrease of AEP,TLW and EVLW, and elevated of ALCR at 3,6,12,24 h after operation.Conclusions Dahuang Fuzi decoction can significantly reduce alveolaur epithelial barrier and degree of lung tissue of SAP-ALI rats by inhibiting the elevation of LPS and inflammation reaction.

7.
Chinese Journal of Postgraduates of Medicine ; (36): 14-17, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-390507

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effect of ecoimmunonutrition enteral nutrition on systemic inflammatory response and prognosis in patients with acute severe acute pancreatitis. Methods Fifty-seven patients with severe acute pancreatitis were randomly divided into two groups: parenteral nutrition (PN) group(28 cases), and ecoimmunonutrition(EIN) group (29 cases), each of the two nutrition formulas was given to each group respectively for 7 days. The level of plasma endotoxin and serum concentrations of TNF-α ,IL-1β ,IL-6 and IL-10 and monocyte NF-κB were tested at admission,1 d,3 d,5 d,7 d after nutrition support. Statistics the two groups results of clinical prognosis. Results The levels of endotoxin, TNF-α ,IL-1β ,IL-6 and IL-10 , NF-κB activities in EIN group were no significant difference compared with PN group at admission. After nutrition support 7 d, the levels of endotoxin, TNF-α ,IL-1β ,IL-6 and IL-10 , NF-κB activities in EIN group were (2.70 ± 0.13) ng/L, (30.13 ± 8.12) ng/L, (20.17 ± 8.04) ng/L, (36.43 ± 8.24)ng/L, (86.45 ± 14.54) ng/L, (70.4 ± 3.2)% respectively, which all were significantly lower than those in PN group [(3.25 ±0.32) ng/L, (313.42 ± 144.35) ng/L,( 155.29 ±32.78) ng/L, (324.15 ± 31.47) ng/L, (472.72 ±48.55) ng/L, (88.4±53)% ](P<0.05 or <0.01). Conclusion EIN can attenuate endotoxemia.decrease NF-κB activities and concentrations of cytokines, maintain the balance of pro-and anti-inflammation, improve patients' condition and prognosis.

8.
Chinese Journal of Emergency Medicine ; (12): 470-475, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-389544

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the protective effects of intra-peritoneal fluid resuscitation on small intestinal mucosa in rats with hemorrhagic shock. Method Fifty Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were randomly (random number) divided into five groups, namely sham operation group (group I ), hemorrhagic shock group (group Ⅱ ), intra-venous fluid resuscitation group (group Ⅲ ) . intravenous fluid resuscitation plus intra-peritoneal saline resuscitation (group Ⅳ ) and intravenous fluid resuscitation plus intra-peritoneal PD-2 solution resuscitation group (group Ⅴ ). The rats of 5 groups were processed with cannulations of right common carotid artery, right femoral vein and left femoral artery with systemic heparinization. The rat models of hemorrhagic shock were established with modified Wigger' s method by which the blood exsanguinated from left femoral artery. The rats of group Ⅲ were resuscitated with shed blood plus twice equal volume of Ringer's solution after modeling of hemorrhagic shock.The rats of group Ⅳ and group Ⅴ were administered intra-peritoneally with 30 mL saline and 30 mL of 2.5% PD-2 solution, respectively as adjuncts to those used in the group Ⅲ . The specimens of blood and small intestine of rats of all groups were collected 60-120 minutes after modeling and resuscitation. The activity of plasma diamine oxidase (DAO) was determined with chromatometry, the level of plasma D-lactic acid (D-LA) with spectorophotometry and the level of plasma lipopolysaccharide (LPS) with nephelometry. The histopathological and ultrastructure changes of small intestine tissue of rats were observed under light microscope and electronic microscope. Results There were remarkable differences in activity of DAO, and the levels of D-LA and IPS in rats between those ingroup Ⅱ and group I (P <0.01), and between those in group V and groups Ⅱ , Ⅲ or Ⅳ (P <0.05 or P < 0.01) The pathomorphology and ultra-structure of small intestine tissues were severely damaged in group Ⅱ compared with those in group Ⅰ , and those markedly lessened in group V compared with groups Ⅱ , Ⅲ and Ⅳ . Conclusions Intraperitoneal fluid resuscitation with PD-2 solution can significantly protect the integrity of intestinal mucosa and the normal permeability of intestinal wall, and blunts the histopathological changes, and restrains bacterial translocation from gut and reduces the level of plasma endotoxin.

9.
Chinese Journal of Postgraduates of Medicine ; (36): 30-32, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-388525

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of enteral nutrition support on prognosis in patients with severe acute stroke.Methods Ninety-eight cases of severe acute stroke were divided into nutrition supported group(50 cases) and control group(48 cases) randomly.All patients were treated by conventional therapy.Nutrition supported group received high energy nutrition diet and control group received common liquid diet by nasal feeding.The levels of hemoglobin,serum albumin,neurologic impairment score (NIHSS)and the incidence rates of complications were assessed at the 1st,10 th and 21st day after admission.Results Hemoglobin was (122.5 ± 2.4),(106.4 ± 2.8) g/L and serum albumin was (36.5 ± 4.7),(34.2 ± 5.1) g/L at the 21st day after admission in nutrition supported group and control group,and there was significant difference between two groups (P < 0.05).The complication rate in control group was higher than that in nutrition supported group (P< 0.05).NIHSS score was(8.45 ± 3.02) scores in nutrition supported group and (10.24 ± 2.57)scores in control group at the 21st day after admission,and there was significant difference between two groups (P <0.05).Conclusion Early enteral nutrition support can significantly improve nutritional status and decrease the incidence rates of complications in patients with severe acute stroke,and it is helpful for clinical prognosis.

10.
Chinese Journal of Postgraduates of Medicine ; (36): 23-25, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-393890

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the clinical features and early management of combined thoracoabdominal injury (CTI).Methods A retrospective study was carried out in 29 cases with CTI treated surgically.There were 21 cases with penetrating injuries and 8 cases with blunt injuries.All cases were associated with penumothorax and/or hernothorax at various degrees and 13 cases complicated with shock.In this study thoracotomy was performed in 17 cases,laparotomy in 6 cases,thoracotomy plus laparotomy in 5 cases and combined thoraco-laparotomy in 1 case.Results The injury severity score in this series was (40.16±15.23) scores.Four cases were died from hemorrhagic shock (2 cases),pericardial tampenade(1 case) and multiple organ failure(1 case).Conclusions CTI has high mortality rate,and the most frequent cause of death is hypovolemic shock.The operative approach is based on individual injury condition.Early diagnosis and timely surgical intervention are key to improving the cure rate and reducing mortality in severe CTI.

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