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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869880

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the efficacy of somatosensory evoked potential (SEP) monitoring for prevention of deep venous thrombosis (DVT) in lower extremity of patients undergoing spinal surgery.Methods:A total of 120 patients of both sexes, aged 40-70 yr, of American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status ⅠorⅡ, without impairment of coagulation function, undergoing posterior lumbar interbody fusion, were selected and divided into 3 groups ( n=40 each) using the random number table method and envelope method: basic preventive measure group (group A), compression stocking group (group B) and SEP monitoring group (group C). In group B, elastic stockings were worn at 1 h before surgery.SEP monitoring was performed during surgery, and the intensity of current stimulation was 25 mA in group C. The flow velocity of popliteal vein in both lower extremities was measured using color Doppler ultrasound apparatus during surgery.Venous blood samples were taken to measure plasma D-dimer concentrations at 1 day before surgery, at the end of surgery and at 24 h after surgery.The DVT developed in lower extremities was diagnosed by ultrasound method during surgery and within 24 h after surgery. Results:Compared with A and B groups, the blood flow velocity of popliteal vein was significantly increased, and the plasma D-dimer concentration and incidence of DVT developed in lower extremity during surgery were decreased in group C ( P<0.05). Conclusion:SEP monitoring can effectively prevent the occurrence of DVT in lower extremity while it is used as an electrophysiological monitoring of the spinal cord in patients undergoing spinal surgery.

2.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 312-318, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775627

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Advanced epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)-mutant lung adenocarcinoma had a high overall incidence of brain metastasis during the full course, and local brain radiotherapy combined with systemic targeted therapy may be a better strategy. This study aimed to identify the prognostic factors of EGFR-mutant brain-metastatic lung adenocarcinoma patients who received EGFR-tyrosine kinase inhibitors (EGFR-TKIs) in combination with gamma knife radiosurgery.@*METHODS@#Retrospective analysis of EGFR-mutant lung adenocarcinoma patients with brain metastases which developed at initial diagnosis or during EGFR-TKIs treatment period were performed. Intracranial progression free survival (PFS) was statistically analyzed between different subgroups to find out the prognostic factors including gender, age, smoking history, extracranial metastasis, EGFR mutation type, size and number of intracranial lesions, carcino-embryonic antigen (CEA) level, lung-molGPA score and so on.@*RESULTS@#A total of 74 EGFR-mutant brain-metastatic lung adenocarcinoma patients were enrolled in this study, with median intracranial PFS of 14.7 months. One-year intracranial-progression-free rate was 58.5%, and two-year rate was 22.2%. Univariate survival analysis showed that patients with lower CEA level at initial diagnosis (3)(15 months vs 12.6 months, P=0.041) were prone to have a superior intracranial PFS. Multivariate analysis showed that CEA≥10 ng/mL and intracranial lesion≥2 cm were the independent risk factors of intracranial PFS.@*CONCLUSIONS@#EGFR-TKIs in combination with gamma knife radiosurgery was an efficient treatment option to control the cranial tumor lesion. CEA≥10 μg/L at initial diagnosis and intracranial lesion≥2 cm were the risk factors of EGFR-mutant brain-metastatic lung adenocarcinoma patients receiving EGFR-TKIs in combination with gamma knife radiosurgery.


Subject(s)
Adenocarcinoma of Lung , Drug Therapy , Pathology , Radiotherapy , Therapeutics , Adult , Aged , Brain Neoplasms , Combined Modality Therapy , ErbB Receptors , Genetics , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Mutation , Prognosis , Protein Kinase Inhibitors , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Radiosurgery , Retrospective Studies
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-732906

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the effect of air mattress bed on the quality of chest compression during cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). Methods This was a self-controlled study and included twenty formally CPR-trained doctors. According to the 2015 American Heart Association Guidelines for Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation and Emergency Cardiovascular Care, chest compression was randomly tested on a manikin for two minutes in A, B, C group. Group A was tested in ordinary bed, group B was compress in air mattress and hard backboard, and group C was tested in air mattress bed. There was a ten minutes rest between each compression. All compression data, including compression rate, depth, incomplete recoil and shallow number, were collected via real-time feedback device. Statistical analysis was performed using SPSS 22.0. Multiple groups were compared with One-way ANOVA and within groups were compared with t test. The enumeration data was analyzed by chi-square test. Results There was no statistically significant difference between groups in mean chest compression rates (107.9±5.1 vs. 107.7±4.56 vs. 109.7±4.86, P=0.6). Mean compression depth was significantly better in group A and B than in group C [(53.45±2.04) mm and (52.65±2.13) mm vs. (48.45±1.36) mm, all P<0.05)]. The number of shallow compression in group C was significantly higher than those in group A and B [(97.3±23.4) vs. (23.6±19.3) and (35.3±33.9), all P<0.05)]. The retention rates in group A was better than those in group B and C [(58.43±4.17%) vs. (62.51±4.37)% and (62.63±4.22)%, all P<0.05]. The compression depth of group C in the second minute was significantly less than that in the first minute (46.45±1.43 mm vs. 50.05±1.64 mm, P<0.05), and the number of shallow compression was more than the first minute (62.1±16.4 vs. 35.3±8.5, P<0.05). Significant difference in accuracy was observed among the three groups (33.64% vs. 28.66% vs. 19.24%, P<0.05). Conclusions The use of air mattress bed in CPR has a significant impact on the quality of manual chest compression. Eliminating the elasticity of air mattress bed would effectively improve the quality of chest compressions.

4.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 888-893, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-703734

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the protective function of endovascular cooling method on post-resuscitation syndrome (PRS) in porcine cardiac arrest (CA) model and its mechanism.Methods Ventricular fibrillation (VF) was electrically induced and untreated for 8 minutes in 15 healthy male porcines, cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) was then initiated. All successful recovery animals were randomly divided into two groups by random number table. In normal temperature group, the core temperature was maintained at (38.0±0.5) ℃ for 12 hours. In mild hypothermia group, the mild hypothermia treatment was initiated at 5 minutes after successful resuscitation, the treatment of rapid endovascular cooling was performed to reach the target cooling temperature of (33.0±1.0) ℃, and then maintained until 6 hours after resuscitation. Rewarming was implemented at the rate of 0.7 ℃/h until the body temperature reached (38.0±0.5) ℃. Hemodynamic parameters including heart rate (HR), mean arterial blood pressure (MAP), cardiac output (CO) were continually monitored. Right femoral vein blood was collected before VF and 1, 2, 4, 6, 12 and 24 hours after resuscitation, respectively, and the serum concentrations of E-selectin, soluble thrombomodulin (sTM), and interleukin-1β(IL-1β) were determined with enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The survival of porcines at 24 hours after resuscitation was observed, and the neurological deficit score (NDS) was calculated for the surviving porcines. All animals were sacrificed, and brain, heart and lung tissues were collected, after hematoxylin and eosin (HE) staining, the histopathology changes were evaluated under a light microscopy.Results After 8-minute VF, 14 porcines were resuscitated successfully, 7 porcines in normal temperature group and 7 in mild hypothermia group respectively, with the resuscitation success rate of 93.3%. There was no significant difference in body weigh, core temperature, hemodynamics, or blood lactate as well as duration of CPR and the number of defibrillations between the two groups. The core temperature of normal temperature group was maintained at (38.0±0.5) ℃, while in mild hypothermia group, the hypothermia was reduced to the hypothermia range (33.0±1.0) ℃until 6 hours, then rewarmed to normothermia gradually [(38.0±0.5) ℃]. Compared with those before VF, HR was significantly increased after resuscitation in both groups, and MAP and CO were decreased, then they tended to normal. There was no significant difference in hemodynamic parameter at all time points between the two groups. Compared with those before VF, the levels of E-selectin and sTM in serum of the two groups were increased significantly at 1 hour after resuscitation, and they were decreased gradually after reaching the peak at 6 hours, and IL-1β was increased continuously with time. There was no significant difference in E-selectin (μg/L:1.34±0.52 vs. 1.60±0.61), sTM (μg/L: 19.13±0.34 vs. 19.24±0.73), or IL-1β (ng/L: 25.73±0.87 vs. 25.32±0.25) before VF between normal temperature group and mild hypothermia group (allP> 0.05). The levels of E-selection, sTM and IL-1β in mild hypothermia group were significantly lower than those in normal temperature group from 2 hours after resuscitation [E-selection (μg/L): 11.15±2.73 vs. 16.04±3.23, sTM (μg/L): 49.67±3.32 vs. 62.22±1.85, IL-1β (ng/L): 140.51±6.66 vs. 176.29±18.51, allP< 0.05], and E-selection decreased to the baseline level at 12 hours (μg/L: 1.17±0.65 vs. 1.60±0.61,P > 0.05). The 24-hour survival rates of two groups were both 100%. The NDS score of mild hypothermia group was obviously lower than that of normal temperature group (150.0±6.6 vs. 326.4±12.3,P < 0.05). In normal temperature group, neuronal cell necrosis was observed in the cerebral cortex at 24 hours after resuscitation, and nucleus was deeply stained. The myocardial necrosis and alveolar collapse was found. Meanwhile the infiltration of inflammatory cell could be found in the myocardium and alveolar. The brain, lung and myocardium injury were significantly milder in mild hypothermia group as compared with those in normal temperature group.Conclusions The intravascular cooling therapy was a safe and effective method for inducing mild hypothermia after resuscitation. This cooling effect was fast and reliable, and the rewarming speed was controllable and stable. The protective mechanism of mild hypothermia on PRS may be related to inhibiting systemic inflammatory response and reducing vascular endothelial cell injury.

5.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 1007-1011, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-711069

ABSTRACT

Clinical imaging research of spinal cord has urgent realistic needs, and faces enormous challenges and opportunities. Among them, functional magnetic resonance imaging is a hot and difficult topic because of the particularity of spinal cord structure and related technical bottlenecks. In recent years, advances in magnetic resonance hardware and software technology have led to breakthroughs in the technical nodes, which have opened up a new prospect for the clinical application of spinal cord imaging. The recent progress in functional magnetic resonance imaging of spinal cord is reviewed in this article.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-615743

ABSTRACT

Objective To study and analyze the clinical effects of different oxytocin induced labor routes. Methods From March 2015 to September 2016, 100 pregnant women who needed induced labor or induced oxytocin were selected in our hospital. They were randomly divided into the control group and the study group, with 50 patients in each group. The control group with traditional infusion method, given intravenous indwelling needle puncture method in patients with the study group, select the vein elastic and straight, thick, pay attention to the reasonable sealing, adjust the dropping speed according to the patients with uterine contraction. The infusion speed, safety and accuracy of the patients in the study group and the control group were compared and analyzed. Results After the corresponding administration route, there were 0 patients with drop velocity errors in the study group, and 12 patients in the control group. In the control group, the rate of drop error was 24%, which was significantly higher than that of the study group (0%), with statistical difference (P<0.05). Among the patients in the study group, the number of blocked tubes was 1, the probability was 2%, the rate of subcutaneous infiltration was 4%, and the incidence of needle prolapse was 0%. In the control group, the rate of subcutaneous exudate was 10%, the probability of blockage was 8%, and the incidence of needle prolapse was 6%. The average time spent by the study group on regulation of drip speed was (8.09 ±2.10) s, significantly shorter than that of the control group (78.90 ± 9.20) s, with statistical difference (P<0.05). Conclusion Intravenous catheter infusion of oxytocin administered with traditional delivery mode, simple operation, can significantly reduce the drop speed error probability, the clinical effect is ideal, has the meaning of promotion.

7.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 836-839, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-606817

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effect of a new type of fixation tape for tracheal catheter in intensive care patients.Methods A purposive sampling study was conducted. Ninety patients experienced oral tracheal intubation for mechanical ventilation, and admitted to respiratory intensive care unit (ICU) of the Second Affiliated Hospital of Nantong University from November 2015 to February 2017 were enrolled. All the patients were randomly (random number) divided into the control group and the observation group with 45 patients in each group. The patients in control group was treated with the traditional medical adhesive tape and fixation belt to fix endotracheal tube, while the patients in observation group was treated with a new type of tracheal catheter fixation tape. The fixation effect, skin complication rate, patient's comfort level, nursing workload and satisfaction were evaluated in both groups.Results There were 6 patients with mild displacement, 2 patients with moderate displacement and 1 patient with severe displacement in the control group, while there was no catheter displacement or detachment occurred in the observation group, and the difference between the two groups was statistically significant (χ2 = 2.944,P = 0.003). In the control group, there were 39 patients with facial skin redness,6 patients with facial skin damage, 36 patients with neck skin redness, and 2 patients with neck skin damage. In the observation group, there were no facial skin complications and only 2 patients with neck skin redness, and the skin complication rate was significantly higher than that of the control group (facial skin:Z = 9.173,P = 0.000; neck skin:Z = 7.549,P = 0.000). Compared with the control group, the patients' comfort levels were significantly elevated in the observation group (the intolerance patients: 9 vs. 24, the extreme discomfort patients: 4 vs. 8,Z = 3.695,P = 0.000). The total changing times of the fixation belt and operating time for each change in the observation group were significantly decreased as compared with those of control group [changing times of the fixation belt (times): 1.89±0.77 vs. 3.86±1.18, operating time for each change (minutes): 10.31±1.47 vs. 15.78±1.89, bothP < 0.01]. Nursing satisfaction in the observation group was significantly higher than that of the control group (100% vs. 33.3%,P < 0.01).Conclusions The new fixation tape for tracheal catheter could significantly reduce the catheter displacement and detachment rate, and decreasethe incidence of facial skin injury. It is easy to learn and worth to generalize clinically.

8.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 1330-1334, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-664437

ABSTRACT

Objective To assess the value of multi-modal image-guided transrectal ultrasonography in the diagnosis of prostatic nodules in elderly patients.Methods Sixty-four elderly patients suspected of prostate cancer (PCA) were enrolled from December 2015 to December 2016.Sixty-four patients with 72 nodules underwent transrectal ultrasound (TRUS),contrast-enhanced transrectal ultrasound (CETRUS) and transrectal real-time tissue elastography (TRTE).A combination of systematic biopsy and suspicious sitetargeted biopsy was conducted.The accuracies of different detection methods for prostate cancer were assessed against the gold standard of histological examination of prostate biopsy samples.Results Among the 72 nodules,31 were prostatic hyperplasia,5 were chronic prostatitis,35 were prostatic cancer,and one was prostatic lymphoma.There were significant differences in enhancement strength,enhancement time fast-in and degree of elasticity on TRTE and CETRUS between the malignant and benign groups (x2 =28.794,10.889,52.898;P =0.000,0.001,0.000,respectively).When the 35 PCA nodules were divided into two subgroups based on the Gleason score,there were statistically significant differences in enhancement strength,homogeneity of enhancement,and enhancement time fast-in and fast-out between them (x2=6.073,12.315,4.717,18.093;P =0.048,0.001,0.030,0.000,respectively).The combination of CETRUS and TRTE in diagnosing prostate nodules produced a sensitivity of 83.3 %,a specificity of 86.1 %,an accuracy of 84.7 %,a positive predictive value of 85.7%,and a negative predictive rate of 83.8%,better than either method alone.Conclusions Multi-modal image-guided transrectal ultrasonography has an advantage in providing information on the perfusion and elasticity of prostate nodules in the elderly patients and thus has important clinical value for the diagnosis of prostate nodules.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-514527

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the event-related potentials( ERPs) characters of implicit cog-nitive basis in patients with alcohol dependence(AD). Methods Implicit association task and ERPs were detected in 30 individuals with alcohol dependence and 30 controls. Results In patients group,it revealed interaction between picture type and attitude words(F(1,29)= 32.08, P=0.003),and RTs to alcohol-related picture-positive words((653.2±42.3)ms and RTs to non-alcohol-related picture-negative words((698.5±38. 1)ms) were faster than those of non-alcohol-related picture-positive words((680.2±40.1)ms) and alcohol-related picture-negative words((713.3±43.3)ms).Additionally,the main effects of picture type and attitude words was significant.RTs to alcohol-related picture were faster than those to non-alcohol-related picture. RTs to alcohol-related picture-positive words in patient group were faster than those of controls((710.0±32.3) ms, P=0.009).In patients group,it revealed interaction between P3 amplitudes for picture type and attitude words.P3 amplitudes to alcohol-related picture-positive words were higher than those of P3 amplitudes to al-cohol-related picture-negative words. Interaction among picture type, attitude words and electrode sites was significant in patient group. Conclusions Patients with alcohol dependence present implicit cognitive basis to alcohol related information,and front,front-central and central are neurophysiological architecture.

10.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 1130-1135, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-660457

ABSTRACT

Objective To systematically review the clinical effects of Shuxuetong and Low-molecular-weight Heparin(LMWH)in patients with deep vein thrombosis (DVT)in lower limbs.Methods The CNKI,Wanfang,VIP,SinoMed,PubMed,EMBASE,and ISI Web of Science databases were electronically searched from inception to February 3th,2017,to collect the randomized clinical trials on the clinical effects of Shuxuetong and LMWH on DVT in lower limbs.Two investigators independently screened the literatures,extracted data and assessed the quality of enrolled studies.All analyses were performed using the Stata 11.0 software.Results Twenty studies involving 1 515 patients were finally included.The meta-analysis results showed that the total effective rate was significantly higher in Shuxuetong group than in LMWH drug control group(RR =1.22,95 % CI:1.13-1.32,P < 0.001).The subgroup analysis showed that there was no significant difference in total effective rate between the Shuxuetong alone group and LMWH alone control group(RR =1.05,95% CI:0.98-1.12,P =0.136).However,the total effective rate was significantly higher in Shuxuetong combined with LMWH group than in LMWH alone control group(RR =1.30,95%CI:1.18-1.44,P < 0.001).Conclusions Shuxuetong combined with LMWH has better clinical effects than do LMWH alone group in treating patients with DVT in lower limbs.

11.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 1130-1135, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-657917

ABSTRACT

Objective To systematically review the clinical effects of Shuxuetong and Low-molecular-weight Heparin(LMWH)in patients with deep vein thrombosis (DVT)in lower limbs.Methods The CNKI,Wanfang,VIP,SinoMed,PubMed,EMBASE,and ISI Web of Science databases were electronically searched from inception to February 3th,2017,to collect the randomized clinical trials on the clinical effects of Shuxuetong and LMWH on DVT in lower limbs.Two investigators independently screened the literatures,extracted data and assessed the quality of enrolled studies.All analyses were performed using the Stata 11.0 software.Results Twenty studies involving 1 515 patients were finally included.The meta-analysis results showed that the total effective rate was significantly higher in Shuxuetong group than in LMWH drug control group(RR =1.22,95 % CI:1.13-1.32,P < 0.001).The subgroup analysis showed that there was no significant difference in total effective rate between the Shuxuetong alone group and LMWH alone control group(RR =1.05,95% CI:0.98-1.12,P =0.136).However,the total effective rate was significantly higher in Shuxuetong combined with LMWH group than in LMWH alone control group(RR =1.30,95%CI:1.18-1.44,P < 0.001).Conclusions Shuxuetong combined with LMWH has better clinical effects than do LMWH alone group in treating patients with DVT in lower limbs.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-663284

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical value of contrast-enhanced ultrasonography in early diagnosis of liver cirrhosis and small hepatocellular carcinoma.Methods 60 patients with cirrhosis and small hepatocellular carcinoma were diagnosed by pathological examination.The number of lesions in the liver,the mode of enhanced expression were recorded,and all lesions were evaluated as benign and malignant before and after contrast-enhanced ultrasound.Results A total of 60 patients with 70 lesions were detected,all of which were less than 3cm.50 low differentiated carcinoma lesions,accounted for 71.42%,the contrast mode performance for arterial phase rapid enhancement,parenchymal lesion signal was lower than that of normal liver parenchyma,fast forward and fast.14 well differentiated carcinoma lesions,accounted for 20.00%,contrast mode performance for the arterial phase rapid enhancement,parenchymal Iesion signal higher than that of normal liver parenchyma,namely fast and slow.Compared with before the contrast,the malignant grade of the lesion was significantly increased (x2 =4.525,P < 0.05).Conclusion Ultrasound contrast in the early detection of liver cirrhosis with small liver cancer has high sensitivity,it is helpful to find lesions,evaluate the benign and malignant lesion,it can be used as a imaging method in diagnosis of small hepatocellular carcinoma.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-494935

ABSTRACT

Objective To seek the predictive value of pudendal nerve function that need preventive anti-incontinence surgery at the same time following pelvic prolapse surgery in severe pelvic organ prolapse (POP) patients. Methods Seventy women completed this study from January 2014 to June 2015 in Fuzhou General Hospital of Nanjing Military Command, dividing into four groups: POP with or without coexisting occult stress urinary incontinence (OSUI) in preoperation, women with persistent stress urinary incontinence (SUI) in postoperation, women without SUI in postoperation. The pudendal nerve function in preoperation was measured by using Solar Urodynamic Neuro Module, including pudendal nerve terminal motor latency (PNTML), and amplitude. Results There were statistical significance on bilateral PNTML between POP coexisting OSUI group and only severe POP group [(2.62±0.23) versus (2.40±0.26) ms in right of PNTML, (2.55 ± 0.21) versus (2.37 ± 0.30) ms in left of PNTML; all P0.05). Compared de novo SUI group with POP group in postoperation, de novo SUI group′s right of PNTML was significantly increased [(2.74 ± 0.16) versus (2.47 ± 0.26) ms; P<0.05]; and the right of PNTML was extending 2.5 standard deviation at least compared with the health′s [(2.10±0.20) ms]. Conclusions The PNTML of pudendal nerve of POP coexisting OSUI is severe than only severe POP, the velocity of nerve conduction is slowing, and PNTML extension has a predictive value for postoperative urinary incontinence. When the right of PNTML of preoperative POP increased by at least 2.5 standard deviations than health′s, the risk of SUI postoperative strongly increased, and a anti-incontinence surgery at the same time following pelvic prolapse surgery should be adviced.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-493256

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the efficacy of milrinone micropump in treatment of chronic heart failure(CHF),and the influence to the level of amino-terminal B-type natriuretic peptide precursor(NT-proBNP) in serum.Methods 120 cases with CHF were selected,they were randomly divided into the observation group and the control group according to a random number table.The patients of the control group were treated with standardized anti -conventional treatment of heart failure according to their heart function,the patients of the observation group were given milrinone micropump on the basis of the standardized anti-conventional treatment of heart failure.The efficacy of clinical conditions 1 week after treatment and NT-proBNP levels in serum before and after treatment were compared between two groups.Results The clinical efficacy of the observation group was 95.00%,which was higher than 76.67% of the control group,the difference was statistically significant(x2 =8.67,P < 0.05).The serum level of NT-proBNP of the observation group was (38.9 ± 9.2) ng/L,which was significantly lower than (86.3 ± 32.4) ng/L of the control group,the difference was statistically significant (t =9.86,P < 0.05).Conclusion Milrinone micro pump used in the treatment of CHF can significantly improve the clinical efficacy,and lower the serum level of NT-proBNP,improve heart function,it is safe and reliable and worth to application in the clinical.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-637583

ABSTRACT

Background The imbalance of cell cycle regulation results in proliferative vitreoretinopathy (PVR).Studing the effects of cyclin dependent kinase (CDK) and CDK inhibitor (CKI) on the cell cycle regulation of retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cells and fibroblasts in PVR formation is of important significance.Objective This study was to investigate the expressing trend of p21 ,p27 and CDK inhibitors in retinas of different ages of rabbits and explore the relationship between p21 or p27 and cell growth.Methods Nine clean New Zealand rabbits were assigned to 10-week group,20-week group and 30-week group according to the age and 3 rabbits for each.The eyeballs were enucleated binocularly after the animals were sacrificed and retinas were isolated.Real-time PCR and Western blot were employed to detect the expressions of p21 and p27 mRNA and their proteins in retinas of the rabbits.The use and care of the animals followed the Regulations for the Administration of Affair Concerning Experimental Animals by State Science and Technology Committee.Results The relative expressing levels of p21 mRNA were 1.631±0.063,1.506±0.012 and 1.585 ±0.015, and those of p27 m RNA were 1.581 ± 0.048,1.470 ± 0.012 and 1.490 ±0.013 in the 10-week group,20-week group and 30-week group, respectively, showing significant differences among the groups (p21 mRNA: F=9.311,P=0.014;p27 mRNA: F=12.360, P=0.007) , and the p21 and p27 mRNA expressing levels were significantly higher in the 10-week group and 30-week group than those in the 20-week group (all at P< 0.05).The expressing levels of p21 protein were 0.675 ± 0.061,0.089 ±0.001 and 0.200 ± 0.007, and those of p27 protein were 0.928±0.019,0.183±0.005 and 0.576±0.089 in the 10-week group,20-week group and 30-week group, respectively, with remarkable differences among the groups (p21 : F =228.905, P<0.001;p27 : F =148.957,P<0.001), and the expressions were significantly raised in the 10-week group and 30-week group in comparison with the 20-week group (all at P<0.01).Significantly positive correlations were found in the expressing levels of p21 and p27 both in transcriptional and protein levels (mRNA : r =0.906, P<0.01;protein : r =0.913, P<0.01).Conclusions The expressions of p21 and p27 up-regulate in the retinas of developing stage of rabbits but gradually reduce with adultness.However, p21 and p27 levels appear to be increasingly raised with aging of the rabbits.It is implied that p21 and p27 play a balancing role in the process of cycle regulation in retina cells.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-455128

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of amiodarone in the treatment of coronary heart disease in emergency tachyarrhythmia .Methods 156 cases of coronary heart disease in patients with tachyarrhythmias were randomly divided into the treatment group and control group ,78 cases in each group .The treatment group was given amiodarone,the control group was given conventional therapy .The clinical effect was compared between the two groups.Results The total effective rate,incidence rate of side effects in treatment group were 88.4%,3.8%,those in the control group were 71.8%,14.1%.The differences between the two groups were significant (χ2 =18.33, 13.91,P<0.05).In the treatment group,36 cases had atrial fibrillation,cardioversion 34 patients,the cardioversion rate was 94.4%,followed by premature ventricular contractions (90.6%).Conclusion Amiodarone in the treatment of coronary artery disease emergency tachyarrhythmia is safe and effective ,has fewer adverse reactions ,the best results for atrial fibrillation and ventricular premature beats ,it is worthy of clinical use .

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-451436

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the accuracy of ultrasonographic assessment of the total uterine weight and the feasibility of using this method in the pelvic floor reconstruction.Methods Firstly,81 cases with hysterectomy due to benign uterine diseases or uterine prolapse were studied.The preoperative dimensions and gravities of corpus uteri and cervix were calculated by formulas,and were then compared with the postoperative measurements.Subsequently,46 cases with pelvic floor reconstruction and preserved the uterus were subjected to retrospectively analysis of uterine measurement parameters.Results There were no statistically differences between the preoperative and postoperative diameters of corpus uteri and cervix (P > 0.05),and no statistically differences between the weight of corpus uteri and cervix estimated by the formulas [(87±55),(32±6) g] and the true weight [(88±57),(33±6) g; P>0.05].In 46 cases that underwent the pelvic floor reconstruction by transvaginal mesh repair and preserved the uterus,42 cases were successful treated and the average weight of total uterus was (49 ± 13) g (95%CI:39.90-49.88 g) ; the 4 relapsed cases were treated with hysterectomy and the weight of total uterus were 85.24,82.69,92.67 and 120.06 g which were consistent with the weights estimated by the formulas (87.36,82.00,90.88,123.12 g ; all P > 0.05).Conclusions The uterine weight might be a significant factor for uterus preservation in pelvic floor reconstruction,while ultrasonographic assessment can accurately estimate the uterine weight preoperatively.All these raised the feasibility of assessing uterine weight preoperatively in pelvic floor reconstruction.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-427014

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of duration of surgery on flash-induced visual evoked potentials (VEP) in patients undergoing spinal surgery in prone position.Methods Eighty-two ASA Ⅰ or Ⅱ patients of both sexes aged 20-76 yr weighing 43-96 kg undergoing spinal surgery in prone position were divided into 3 groups according to the duration of surgery:group S≤2 h ( n =34) ; group M 2-4 h ( n =38) and group L≥4 h ( n =10).VEP was monitored using protektor VEP monitoring device (Xltek Co.,Canada).The latency,amplitude and recovery time of wave P100 were recorded before and 10 min after induction of anesthesia and at the end of surgery.Results Compared with group S,the amplitude of wave P1000 was significantly decreased at the end of surgery in group M,the lantency of wave P100 was significantly prolonged,while the amplitude of wave P100 was decreased at the end of surgery in group L ( P < 0.05).Compared with group M,the lantency of wave P100 was significantly prolonged,while the amplitude of wave P100 was decreased at the end of surgery in group L ( P < 0.05).Compared with groups S and M,the recovery time of wave P100 was significantly prolonged in group L ( P <0.05).There was no significant difference in the recovery time of wave P100 between groups S and M ( P > 0.05).Conclusion Duration of surgery (≥4 h) can affect flash-induced VEP,the longer the duration,the stronger the effects.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-424714

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the value of the differential diagnosis of peripheral pulmonary cancer using contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS).MethodsTotally 59 patients selected with peripheral pulmonary lesions(27 primary lung cancer and 32 non-lung cancer cases including 12 pulmonary abscess,19 tuberculosis and 1 hemangioma subjects)were examined by traditional gray-scale sonography and color Doppler flow imaging (CDFI),the lesions shape,borders,echo characteristic and blood flow were recorded first,and then the contrast enhancedsonographicstudies were performed.The process of contrast enhancement and regression was observed and the parameters were quantitative analyzed by acoustic quantification analysis software (ACQ).Finally,surgery or biopsy were conducted.Results CEUS had higher detection rates of blood flow signals than CDFI( P <0.001 ).There were significant differences (P < 0.01) between the primary lung cancer group and the non-lung cancer group regarding parameters peak intensity ( PI ) and enhanced intensity ( EI ).By drawing the ROC curve and obtaining the area under the curve:a cut-off value>15.7 dB of PI in assessing lung cancer had higher sensitivity and specificity (66.7 %,81.2%).A cut-off value> 10.77 dB of EI in assessing lung cancer had higher sensitivity and specificity (81.5%,68.8%).Conclusions CEUS is helpful to identify necrotic tissue in biopsy and improving the biopsy positive rate.The parameters of PI and EI can help to identify the primary lung cancer with the Nonlung cancer.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-384297

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the relation between anormalities of fetal abdominal great vessels and heterotaxy, the clinical significance of screening fetal heterotaxy by the abnormalities of fetal abdominal great vessels. Methods 6532 fetuses from our hospital were scanned and the fetuses with abdominal great vessels abnormalities were included. Parameters of fetal growth, abdominal great vessels and anatomical survey were detected. Results Forty-five cases (0.7%) of fetal abdominal great vessels abnormalities were detected prenatally. Forty-two cases were confirmed postnatally, including 35 cases of heterotaxy syndrome and 7 cases of situs inversus totalis and 3 cases missed. The incidences of the abnormal fetus,heterotaxy syndrome and situs inversus totalis of the fetuses with abnormal abdominal great vessels were higher than that of the fetuses with normal abdominal great vessels, the differences were statistically significant( P< 0.001). The incidence of both type Ⅰ and type Ⅱ of the heterotaxy syndrome were significantly higher than that of type Ⅳ (P<0.001). There was a high incidence of left isomerism in abnormal type Ⅰ and of right isomerism in abnormal type Ⅱ , the differences were statistically significant (P< 0.001). Conclusions Abnormal great vessels abnormalities have strong relations to heterotaxy and situs inversus which can be used as effective and simple indicator in screening heterotaxy syndrome.

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