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1.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 724-728, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909085

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the situation of salt sales and education on prevention and treatment of iodine deficiency disorders in salt sales outlets in Hangzhou after the reform of salt industry system, and provide a basis for promotion of scientific iodine supplementation for the public.Methods:In 2020, 4 townships (towns, streets) were selected from 13 districts (counties, cities) of Hangzhou by stratified sampling method. Each township (town, street) delimited 5 survey areas according to the directions of east, west, south, north and middle, and a salt sales place was selected as the survey site in each investigation area. A face-to-face questionnaire was used to investigate the sales of salt in sales outlets and the publicity and education of iodine deficiency disorders prevention and treatment.Results:A total of 238 edible salt sales outlets were effectively investigated, including 113 urban outlets, 78 suburban outlets, and 47 rural outlets; 55.9% (133/238) of the outlets sold non-iodized salt. A total of 68 072 bags of small packaged salt were sold every month, the overall sales of iodized salt was significantly higher than that of non-iodized salt ( Z = - 2.865, P < 0.05), and the sales of iodized salt in urban and suburban sales outlets were higher than that of non-iodized salt ( Z = - 2.313, - 2.237, P < 0.05). The sales of salt in urban and suburban sales outlets were the highest with the price of 2-5 yuan of salt, accounting for 78.6% (33 562/42 705) and 82.3% (13 970/16 979), respectively; in rural sales outlets, with the price of 1-2 yuan of salt was the highest, accounting for 72.8% (6 110/8 388). Among the 238 salt sales outlets, 29.4% (70/238) of the outlets had set up a prevention and treatment of iodine deficiency disorders sign, and 39.9% (95/238) of the outlets salt sales staff known "recommended salt for pregnant women", 31.1% (74/238) of the outlets whose salt sales staff had actively informed salt buyers about the prevention and treatment of iodine deficiency disorders. The total monthly sales of salt and the sales of iodized salt at outlets where the prevention and treatment of iodine deficiency disorders signs were set up and the salt sales staff were aware of the "recommended salt for pregnant women" were higher than outlets where no signs were set up and the sales staff were not aware ( Z = - 3.733, - 3.722, - 2.109, - 2.324, P < 0.05). Conclusions:After the reform of salt industry system, the iodized salt supply of salt sales outlets in Hangzhou is sufficient. With the increase of non-iodized salt supply channels, we should strengthen the active publicity and education on prevention and treatment of iodine deficiency disorders in the sales section.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-865162

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical efficacy of middle-preserving pancreatectomy (MPP).Methods:The retrospective and descriptive study was conducted. The clinicopathological data of two patients who underwent MPP in Fujian Provincial Hospital from July 2019 to October 2019 were collected. Case 1 was a 52-year-old woman with multiple serous cystic neoplasms of the pancreatic head and tail. Case 2 was a 20-year-old man with chronic pancreatitis and multiple pancreatic duct stones. After comprehensive evaluation, two patients were performed laparoscopic pancreatic head tumor resection+ pancreatic tail resection+ splenectomy+ pancreaticojejunostomy and duodenum-preserving pancreatic head resection+ pancreatic tail resection+ lithotomy by longitudinal pancreatic duct incision+ side-to-side pancreaticojejunostomy, respectively. Observation indicators: surgery, operation time, volume of intraoperative blood loss, blood transfusion, postoperative fasting blood glucose, postoperative complications, duration of postoperative hospital stay, postoperative pathological examination, and follow-up. Follow-up was performed using outpatient examination and telephone interview to detect new-onset diabetes mellitus, pancreatic enzyme replacement therapy and disease recurrence up to March 2020.Results:Two patients successfully underwent MPP. The operation time of case 1 and case 2 were 470 minutes and 400 minutes, the volume of intraoperative blood loss were 200 mL and 100 mL, respectively. No blood transfusion was performed in either patient. The postoperative fasting blood glucose fluctuated between 5.4 and 11.8 mmol/L in case 1, and fluctuated between 5.9 and 11.3 mmol/L in case 2. Case 1 developed abdominal infection after operation, and was discharged after anti-infective treatment. Case 2 had good recovery with no complication. No pancreatic fistula or perioperative death occurred in two patients. The duration of postoperative hospital stay were 12 days and 8 days of case 1 and case 2, respectively. The pathological examination of case 1 showed serous cystadenoma of the pancreatic head and pancreatic tail. The pathological examination of case 2 showed that slightly dilated pancreatic ducts of the pancreatic head and tail with multiple stones and chronic inflammatory cells infiltration around the pancreatic ducts. The length of pancreas preserved was 8.5 cm and 8.3 cm of case 1 and case 2 on postoperative computed tomography (CT) reexamination. Two patients were followed up for 5 months and 7 months, respectively. During the follow-up, both patients had no new-onset diabetes and they didn′t require pancreatic enzyme replacement therapy. Both patients underwent upper abdominal CT examination at postoperative 5 months, which showed good blood supply in middle pancreas and no signs of recurrence of cystadenoma or stones.Conclusions:MPP is a safe and feasible procedure for the treatment of multifocal pancreatic lesions. The procedure can eradicate the lesions and ensure good control of blood glucose in patients.

3.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 636-639, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-755819

ABSTRACT

Objective To describe the dermoscopic features of extramammary Paget's disease (EMPD) and chronic eczema of the vulva,and to explore the value of dermoscopy in the diagnosis and differential diagnosis of the above diseases.Methods Dermoscopic images were collected from 20 patients with histopathologically confirmed vulvar EMPD and 16 patients with clinically confirmed chronic eczema of the vulva in Hospital for Skin Diseases,Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Pekin Union Medical College from January 2017 to April 2018,and retrospectively analyzed.Fisher's exact test was used to compare the prevalence of dermoscopic features between the two groups.Results As dermoscopy showed,the milky red background was observed in 19 EMPD patients and in only 1 patient with chronic eczema,and there was a significant difference in the prevalence of milky red background between the two groups (P <0.001).White scales were the most common desquamation,and were observed in 9 EMPD patients and 13 patients with chronic eczema (P =0.128).Blood vessels were uniformly distributed in EMPD patients,including dotted-globular vessels in 19 and linear vessels in 14,while blood vessels were distributed in a patchy or clustered pattern in the patients with chronic eczema,including dotted-globular vessels in 16 and linear vessels in 7.There was a significant difference in the prevalence of different distribution patterns of blood vessels between the two groups (P < 0.001).Bright white streaks,bright white structureless area and reticular structure were observed in 19,20 and 19 EMPD patients respectively,and in 1,1 and 1 patient with chronic eczema respectively,and there were significant differences in the prevalence of the above 3 structures between the two diseases (all P < 0.001).Conclusion Vulvar EMPD and chronic eczema both show characteristic dermoscopic features,and dermoscopy is of great value to the diagnosis and differential diagnosis of EMPD.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-752019

ABSTRACT

To investigate the clinicopathologic features of granular cell tumor(GCT) of the breast in order to make a diagnosis and give treatment strategy of this disease.Two cases of granular cell tumor (GCT) of the breast were reported,and the clinical presentation,pathological examination and surgical procedure were analyzed.Clinical presentations were atypical,and the tumor was characterized by clear or ill-defined boundary,abundant cytoplasm,full of eosinophilic granular,and infiltrative growth.Immunohistochemical study revealed that tumor cells were positive with S-100,CD68 and vimentin but negative with cytokeratin (CK) and epithelial membrane antigen(EMA).GCT of the breast is rare,most of which is benign tumor that may be misdiagnosed as malignancy.Wide resection is the main curative treatment.The prognosis is good.The understanding of this disease should be strengthened to avoid being operated excessively.Long-term follow-up should be performed.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-789233

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the influence of multidisciplinary team (MDT) model on decisionmaking of adjuvant chemotherapy for breast cancer and analyze relevant influencing factors.Methods The patients with invasive breast cancer who underwent surgery and MDT discussion for adjuvant treatment in Shaoxing People's Hospital,from May 2016 to May 2018,were retrospectively analyzed.The patient's clinicopathological characteristics and postoperative adjuvant treatment and MDT records were obtained.Here the chemotherapy decision alternation was defined as disagreement in chemotherapy or not,or inconsistence in regiments between the attending doctor and multidisciplinary team.Results A total of 385 patients were enrolled in the multidisciplinary discussion and 327 patients (327/385,84.9%) were suggested to receive chemotherapy.Differences between attending doctor's recommendation and MDT panel's decision were found in 23 (23/385,6%) patients,of whom 15 patients (15/23,65.2%) were escalated adjuvant treatment and 8 patients (8/23,34.8%) were de-escalated adjuvant treatment.The relevant pathological indicators affecting the change of chemotherapy decision-making included the Ki67 expression index in the intermediate state of 15% to 30%,the low expression of ER/PR and the small tumor of T1a.Conclusion MDT can influence the decision of adjuvant chemotherapy for breast cancer surgery,and can be promoted in grassroots hospitals at all levels.

6.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 636-639, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-797848

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To describe the dermoscopic features of extramammary Paget′s disease (EMPD) and chronic eczema of the vulva, and to explore the value of dermoscopy in the diagnosis and differential diagnosis of the above diseases.@*Methods@#Dermoscopic images were collected from 20 patients with histopathologically confirmed vulvar EMPD and 16 patients with clinically confirmed chronic eczema of the vulva in Hospital for Skin Diseases, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Pekin Union Medical College from January 2017 to April 2018, and retrospectively analyzed. Fisher′s exact test was used to compare the prevalence of dermoscopic features between the two groups.@*Results@#As dermoscopy showed, the milky red background was observed in 19 EMPD patients and in only 1 patient with chronic eczema, and there was a significant difference in the prevalence of milky red background between the two groups (P < 0.001) . White scales were the most common desquamation, and were observed in 9 EMPD patients and 13 patients with chronic eczema (P = 0.128) . Blood vessels were uniformly distributed in EMPD patients, including dotted-globular vessels in 19 and linear vessels in 14, while blood vessels were distributed in a patchy or clustered pattern in the patients with chronic eczema, including dotted-globular vessels in 16 and linear vessels in 7. There was a significant difference in the prevalence of different distribution patterns of blood vessels between the two groups (P < 0.001) . Bright white streaks, bright white structureless area and reticular structure were observed in 19, 20 and 19 EMPD patients respectively, and in 1, 1 and 1 patient with chronic eczema respectively, and there were significant differences in the prevalence of the above 3 structures between the two diseases (all P < 0.001) .@*Conclusion@#Vulvar EMPD and chronic eczema both show characteristic dermoscopic features, and dermoscopy is of great value to the diagnosis and differential diagnosis of EMPD.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-806772

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze genomic features of pathogens based on next generation sequencing technique in a food-borne disease event.@*Methods@#A total of 11 blood samples, stomach contents before gastric lavage from the death and patients' foods were collected. S. aureus, B. cereus and toxic substances were detected. B. cereus detected in foods were counted. The conserved region of 16 S rDNA gene and ces gene(cereulide) of B. cereus isolates were detected by real-time PCR. Next Generation Sequencing (NGS) technology was applied to acquire genome sequences of isolates. Different plasmids distribution and comparative genomics analysis with reference sequences in public databases were analyzed.@*Results@#Only B. cereus tested positive in all samples. The counts of B. cereus in Egg fried rice, one food samples, were 1.9×107 CFU/g, and the counts of B. cereus in dried and fried fish and brine pork head meat samples were 3.0×103 CFU/g both. Ten isolates were carrying hlyⅢ, nheA, nheB, inlA and inhA genes, and nine isolates carried the plcR gene and nine isolates carried the nheC gene. The PCR result of 16 S rDNA gene and ces gene of all isolates were positive. All carried the complete ces genes cluster sequence which were identical to the sequence of plasmid pCER270 (NC_01 0924.1) from strain AH187 in United Kingdom and pNCcld (NC_016792.1) from NC7401 in Japan. The alignment of plasmids turned out the sequence of the isolate differed from the pXO1 and pXO2 plasmids of B. anthracis, but carried the pNCcld plasmid containing the ces genes cluster. The phylogenetic tree based on genomic sequences of ten isolates showed high similarity (distances in phylogenetic tree from 2.0×10-6-9.0×10-6) to each other and to the B. cereus strains AH187 and NC7401 (MLST ST26 type, distances in phylogenetic tree from 3.8×10-5-4.5×10-5).@*Conclusion@#The foodborne disease event was caused by vomiting type Bacillus cereus without plasmid pXO1 and pXO2 contaminated egg fried rice. The vomiting-type food poisoning caused by B. Cereus globally is probably associated with ST26, ST164 and other strains harboring ces gene.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-507776

ABSTRACT

Malignant neoplasm recurrence is the most important prognostic factor for patients.Looking for tar-get gene is an important part of cancer research.Annexin Ⅰ (ANXA1 )is to be discovered in the seventies century, composition by 13 calcium -phospholipid binding proteins annexin superfamily members of the first molecules. ANXA1 expressed in a variety of malignant tumors,ANXA1 expression levels were significantly reduced or absent in most tumor tissues.The study found that changed ANXA1 expression in tumor cells may have a causal relationship with the malignant phenotype of tumor cells.This paper aims to investigate the relationship between annexin Ⅰ and malignant neoplasm metastasis.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-505666

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the protection of superior parathyroid glands by improving dissection procedure of thyroid superior pole in total thyroidectomy surgery.Methods 136 consecutive cases undergoing two-step dissociating procedure of thyroid superior pole(the improved group) in total thyroidectomy plus central compartment dissections from Sep.2012 to Oct.2015 were retrospectively analyzed.Intraoperative observation of superior parathyroid and incidences of postoperative hypoparathyroidism were compared with conventional surgical methods (the conventional group) containing 113 cases from Jun.2009 to Sep.2012.All operations were performed by the same treatment group.Results Intraoperatively,249 (249/272,91.5%) superior parathyroid glands were identified in the improved group and 215 (215/226,95.1%) superior parathyroid glands were identified in the conventional group.The difference had no statistical significance (P=0.114).Whereas,among identified superior parathyroid glands,242 (242/249,97.1%)of them were conserved in situ in the improved group and 198 (198/215,92.0%) were conserved in situ in the conventional group.The difference had no statistical significance (P=0.013).Among superior parathyroid glands conserved in situ,225 (225/242,93.0%) had good blood supply in the improved group and 170(170/198,85.9%) in the conventional group.The difference had statistically significance (P=0.001).28 (28/136,20.5%) patients displayed temporary hypoparathyroidism and 2 (2/136,1.5%) cases suffered permanent hypoparathyroidism in the improved group after surgery.Whereas,in the conventional method group,a higher incidence was observed in 37 (37/113,32.7%) cases of temporary hypoparathyroidism and 7 (7/113,6.2%) cases of permanent hypoparathyroidism respectively.The difference had statisticall significance (P=0.003).Conclusions Two-step dissociating procedure technique offers protective effect on superior parathyroid glands function.It is worthy of popularization.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-605862

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the protective role of two-step decapping technique for superior parathyroid glands in total thyroidectomy surgery.Methods The clinical data of 136 consecutive cases underwenttwo-step decapping technique in total thyroidectomy plus central compartment dissection from April 2013 to January 2016 were retrospectively analyzed.And the incidences of postoperative hypocalcemia were was compared with conventional consecutive decapping surgical methods containing 113 cases from January 2010 to March 2013.All operations were performed by the same treatment group.Results In the two-step decapping group,28 cases(28/136,20.6%) displayed postoperative temporary hypoparathyroidism and a higher incidence were was observed in 37 cases (37/113,32.7%) in the conventional method group,the difference was statistically significant(x2 =4.737,P =0.03).Whereas,2 cases(2/136,1.5%) suffered permanent hypoparathyroidism in the two-step decapping group and 7 cases (7/113,6.2%) of permanent hypoparathyroidism in the conventional method group,the difference was statistically significant (x2 =3.954,P =0.047).Conclusion Two-step decapping technique can more effectively protect the parathyroid gland function.It is worthy of popularization.

11.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 1642-1644, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-737890

ABSTRACT

Objective To identify the cause on a foodbome breakout in a university of Hangzhou in 2014.Methods Data on cases were gathered from the out-patient logs of the university affiliated or neighboring hospitals to describe the disease distribution and epidemiological curves.Case-control and field studies on hazard factors were conducted simultaneously.Results The incubation period was 1.5-5.0 hours,of which the median was 3 during the outbreak.All the cases consumed food from a restaurant called Chen's Snacks nearby their university and suffered from the Staphylococcus aureus enterotoxin.Results from the Staphylococcus enterotoxin testing were positive in 3 stool and 6 food samples,out of the total 18 samples.Conclusion This foodborne outbreak was caused through food poisoning by vermicelli which was contaminated with Staphylococcus aureus.

12.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 1642-1644, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-736422

ABSTRACT

Objective To identify the cause on a foodbome breakout in a university of Hangzhou in 2014.Methods Data on cases were gathered from the out-patient logs of the university affiliated or neighboring hospitals to describe the disease distribution and epidemiological curves.Case-control and field studies on hazard factors were conducted simultaneously.Results The incubation period was 1.5-5.0 hours,of which the median was 3 during the outbreak.All the cases consumed food from a restaurant called Chen's Snacks nearby their university and suffered from the Staphylococcus aureus enterotoxin.Results from the Staphylococcus enterotoxin testing were positive in 3 stool and 6 food samples,out of the total 18 samples.Conclusion This foodborne outbreak was caused through food poisoning by vermicelli which was contaminated with Staphylococcus aureus.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-491982

ABSTRACT

Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor α(PPARα)is an important subtype in the PPARs family. PPARs are a group of nuclear hormone receptors,which belong to type II nuclear receptor super family.PPARαagonists could be used in the treatment of hyperlipemia in clinic.PPARαagonists mainly include natural type and synthetic type,and according to the structure,the synthetic PPARαagonists can be divided into phenyl-heterocy-clic derivatives,ureide derivatives,amides derivatives,phenyloxazole or phenylthiazole derivatives,etc.So far, many PPARαagonists have been approved or in clinical development,and a series of novel PPARαagonists with higher activity and selectivity are being developed.This review will survey the progress in PPARαagonists.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-488049

ABSTRACT

Objective To study food-borne disease related behavior of the floating population in Hangzhou city. Methods A questionnaire on food-borne disease related behaviors was formulated based on Delphi method. A family-based retrospective investigation was conducted by unified trained investigators to analyze the frequency of food-borne disease related behaviors of family food providers during the past month in several floating-population centers of Hangzhou city. The investigation was conducted among 150 adults of every survey spot quarterly during a one-year period. Data were analyzed using Mann-Whitney U test. Results According to all 1 781 valid recovery questionnaires, 82.42%subjects had a family income less than 50 000 yuan per year and 87.42%of them had junior-middle-school or lower levels of education. The proportions of subjects who always cleaned kitchen tools, covered the garbage can and kept house out of flies, roaches and mice were 42.50%, 55.87% and 61.09%, respectively. The proportions of subjects who always purchased intact packaged food and food under warranty were 39.70%and 52.33%, respectively. The proportions of subjects who always used tapped water, cleaned hands before food processing, cooked eggsand other foods till well-done were 66.03%, 51.94%, 53.62%, 35.99% and 32.62%, respectively. The proportions of subjects who always stored food in containers with cover and for no more than 3 days in freezer were 20.89%and 30.88%, respectively. The frequencies of food-borne disease related behaviors mentioned above were significantly higher among migrants who originated from urban areas, received education above junior-middle-school and had a family income no less than 50 000 yuan/y than the others (P<0.05). Conclusion In order to correct the risky behaviors during food consuming, processing and storage, targeted intervention is necessary among family food providers of floating population families.

15.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 408-413, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-238798

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To analyze the association of micoRNA-related genes DROSHA single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) rs10719 and rs6877842, DICER1 rs3742330and GEMIN4 rs3744741 with prognosis of T-cell lymphoma.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) method was used to determine the genotypes of the above 4SNPs and their associations with complete remission (CR) rate and overall survival (OS) in 163 patients with TCL.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Patients carrying the rs6877842 CG genotype had a significantly higher CR rate compared with those carrying the CC genotype (OR=0.07, 95% CI 0.01-0.72, P=0.026); the same for patients carrying the DICER1 rs3742330 GG genotype compared with those carrying the GA genotype (OR=0.15, 95% CI 0.02-0.97, P=0.047) or the AA genotype (OR=0.11, 95% CI 0.02-0.71, P=0.020). In addition, patients with the DICER1 rs3742330 GG genotype had a significantly improved OS compared with those carrying the GA (HR=9.02, 95% CI 1.22-66.92, P=0.031) or AA genotype (HR=8.77, 95% CI 1.19-64.67, P=0.033). The other two SNPs of rs10719 and rs3744741 had no significant association with CR or OS.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>DROSHA rs6877842 and DICER1 rs3742330 were independent factors for TCL CR, and DICER1 rs3742330 was also an independent prognostic factor for TCL OS.</p>


Subject(s)
DEAD-box RNA Helicases , Genetics , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Genotype , Humans , Lymphoma, T-Cell , Diagnosis , Genetics , MicroRNAs , Genetics , Minor Histocompatibility Antigens , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Prognosis , Ribonuclease III , Genetics , Ribonucleoproteins, Small Nuclear , Genetics
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-485368

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the influence of serum containing Fuzheng Toudu Qudu Recipe, a Chinese formula with the actions of supporting healthy qi to expel and remove toxicity, on serum levels of interleukin 2 (IL-2) and soluble interleukin 2 receptor (sIL-2R) at different stages of CD34+derived dendritic cells (DC) of patients with minimal residual disease of myelogenous leukemia ( MRD-L) , and to explore the biological mechanism of Fuzheng Toudu Qudu Recipe in promoting CD34+ to transform into DC in MRD-L patients. Methods Bone marrow mononuclear cells ( BMMC) were separated from the bone marrow of acute myeloid leukemia patients at complete remission stage by using Ficoll centrifugation. CD34+ cells were isolated by using immuno-magnetic mircobeads method, and then were cultured with various concentrations of Chinese medicine medicated serum and cytokines in vitro for the induction of DC. The morphologic characteristics of DC were observed with the inverted phase contrast microscope, and the expression levels of DC surface molecules such as CD83, CD80, CD86, CD1a and HLA-DR were detected by using flow cytometry. On culturing day 0, 6 and 9, serum levels of IL-2 and sIL-2R of each group were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay ( ELISA). Results ( 1) Chinese medicine medicated serum combined with cytokines was effective on promoting CD34+ to differentiate into DC with typical morphology, and inducing DC to have high expression of CD80, CD83, CD86 and HLA-DR, which differed from those in fetal calf serum (FCS) group and blank rabbit serum group (P0.05) . At the same time point, combination groups had lower IL-2 content than the blank rabbit serum group (P<0.05 or P<0.01). Conclusion Fuzheng Toudu Qudu Recipe is effective on increasing serum content of IL-2 and reducing sIL-2R content, and the changes of cytokine contents are more obvious along with the maturity of DC, which indicates that the recipe plays positive effect in the process of promoting CD34+cells to differentiate into DC.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-622035

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the feasibility,safety and efficacy of endoscopic thyroid surgery and the traditional surgical method,in order to further promote the application of endoscopic technology in thyroid surgery.Methods 72 patients from July 2009 to July 2011 in Shaoxing City People's Hospital undergoing endoscopic surgical treatment and 36 cases treated by traditional thyroid surgery were collected,and the surgical data,recovery-conditions and patients' satisfaction were analyzed.Results Except the operation time,the observed indicators of the two laparoscopic groups were superior to those of the conventional thyroid group(P < 0.05).The operation time,flap area,subcutaneous tunnel set-up time,postoperative 24 h visual analogy scale (VAS) score of the sternum group were superior to the areola path group (P < 0.05).The difference of intraoperative blood loss,hospital stay,patient's satisfaction for the 2 groups had no statistical significance(P >0.05).Conclusions Laparoscopic surgery is superior to conventional thyroid surgery in treatment effects and patients' satisfaction.As for the surgical path,sternum path is slightly superior to the areola path.Surgeons should choose the best surgical approach and the path according to patients' specific conditions.

18.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 741-744, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-420907

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the efficacy and safety of triethanolamine cream in the treatment of skin ulcer. MethodsA multicenter,single-blind,randomized,positive-control study was conducted.One-hundred and twenty patients aging 18-65 years with skin ulcer were randomly classified into the test and control group at a ratio of 2 ∶ 1 to be treated with triethanolamine cream and recombinant bovine basic fibroblast growth factor gel respectively for 4 weeks.The healing rate of ulcer,granulation tissue production rate and epithelialization rate were calculated.Results After the beginning of treatment,the condition of all patients was improved with time.In total,76 out of 80 triethanolamine-treated patients and 38 out of 40 basic fibroblast growth factor gel-treated patients completed the 4-week trial.Significant differences were observed in the healing rate of ulcer,epithelialization rate and granulation tissue production rate between the test and control group (71.05% vs.34.21%,P =0.0002; 85% vs.50%,P =0.0001; 66.25% vs.37.5%,P =0.0035).No adverse events occurred in any of the patients.Conclusions Triethanolamine cream seems superior to recombinant bovine basic fibroblast growth factor gel with regard to the healing rate of ulcer,epithelialization rate and granulation tissue production rate,and may be a promising drug for the treatment of skin ulcer.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-293207

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe the effects of high expression of recombinant trichosanthin (rTCS) on the cell proliferation and cell cycle of human cervical cancer Caski cells.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>Eukaryotic expression plasmid pcDNA3.1(-)/6His-TCS was constracted and stably transfected into Caski cells. RT-PCR,Western-blot were used to select the clones with rTCS high-expressing. Using pcDNA3.1(-)-transfected cells as the control, MTT assay and flowcytometry were used to elucidate the effects of rTCS high expression on cell growth and cycle regulation in Caski cells.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>The Caski cells with stable high expression of rTCS was successfully established, which could inhibit the cell growth (P<0.01) and arrest Caski cells in G1 and G2 phases (P<0.05) obviously.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>High expression of rTCS can inhibit the growth of Caski cervical cancer cells, which might provide a new pathway for the therapy of cervical cancer.</p>


Subject(s)
Cell Cycle , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Female , Humans , Recombinant Proteins , Pharmacology , Transfection , Methods , Trichosanthin , Pharmacology , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms , Pathology
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-389086

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical significance of retaining axillary sheath in axillary lymph node dissection of breast cancer surgery. Methods Four hundred and two patients received modified radical mastectomy from January 2004 to January 2008 and followed up for 12 months were retrospectively analyzed. They were divided into two groups (group A and B) according to whether retaining axillary sheath in operation. Compared the morbidities of axillary effusion and edema of upper limbs between two groups. Results The morbidity of axillary effusion after operation in group A (5.3%, 13/243 ) was lower than that in group B (10.7%,17/159)(P<0.05). Based on the data followed up for 1,6, 12 months after operation, the morbidity of edema of upper limbs in group A were also lower than those in group B (P <0.01). Conclusion Retaining axillary sheath when there is no evidence of lymph node metastasis in axillary sheath, will prominently lower the morbidities of axillary effusion and edema of upper limbs,improve the life quality of patients.

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