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1.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 289-298, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992601

ABSTRACT

Periarticular fracture of the shoulder is a common type of fractures in the elderly. Postoperative adverse events such as internal fixation failure, humeral head ischemic necrosis and upper limb dysfunction occur frequently, which seriously endangers the exercise and health of the elderly. Compared with the fracture with normal bone mass, the osteoporotic periarticular fracture of the shoulder is complicated with slow healing and poor rehabilitation, so the clinical management becomes more difficult. At present, there is no targeted guideline or consensus for this type of fracture in China. In such context, experts from Youth Osteoporosis Group of Chinese Orthopedic Association, Orthopedic Expert Committee of Geriatrics Branch of Chinese Association of Gerontology and Geriatrics, Osteoporosis Group of Youth Committee of Chinese Association of Orthopedic Surgeons and Osteoporosis Committee of Shanghai Association of Chinese Integrative Medicine developed the Chinese expert consensus on the diagnosis and treatment of osteoporotic periarticular fracture of the shoulder in the elderly ( version 2023). Nine recommendations were put forward from the aspects of diagnosis, treatment strategies and rehabilitation of osteoporotic periarticular fracture of the shoulder, hoping to promote the standardized, systematic and personalized diagnosis and treatment concept and improve functional outcomes and quality of life in elderly patients with osteoporotic periarticular fracture of the shoulder.

2.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 23-31, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932206

ABSTRACT

Lower extremity deep vein thrombosis (DVT) is one of the main complications in patients with traumatic fractures, and for severe patients, the DVT can even affect arterial blood supply, resulting in insufficient limb blood supply. If the thrombus breaks off, pulmonary embolism may occur, with a high mortality. The treatment and rehabilitation strategies of thrombosis in patients with lower extremity fractures have its particularity. DVT in traumatic fractures patients has attracted extensive attention and been largely studied, and the measures for prevention and treatment of DVT are constantly developing. In recent years, a series of thrombosis prevention and treatment guidelines have been updated at home and abroad, but there are still many doubts about the prevention and treatment of DVT in patients with different traumatic fractures. Accordingly, on the basis of summarizing the latest evidence-based medical evidence at home and abroad and the clinical experience of the majority of experts, the authors summarize the clinical treatment and prevention protocols for DVT in patients with traumatic fractures, and make this consensus on the examination and assessment, treatment, prevention and preventive measures for DVT in patients with different fractures so as to provide a practicable approach suitable for China ′s national conditions and improve the prognosis and the life quality of patients.

3.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 385-392, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867725

ABSTRACT

TSCI have dyskinesia and sensory disturbance that can cause various life-threaten complications. The patients with traumatic spinal cord injury (TSCI), seriously affecting the quality of life of patients. Based on the epidemiology of TSCI and domestic and foreign literatures as well as expert investigations, this expert consensus reviews the definition, injury classification, rehabilitation assessment, rehabilitation strategies and rehabilitation measures of TSCI so as to provide early standardized rehabilitation treatment methods for TSCI.

4.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 111-116, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867685

ABSTRACT

Since December 2019, corona virus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has been reported in Wuhan, Hubei Province, and spreads rapidly to all through Hubei Province and even to the whole country. The virus is 2019 novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV), never been seen previously in human, but all the population is generally susceptible. The virus spreads through many ways and is highly infectious, which brings great difficulties to the prevention and control of COVID-19. Based on the needs of emergency surgery for orthopedic trauma patients and review of the latest diagnosis and treatment strategy of COVID-19 and the latest principles and principles of evidence-based medicine in traumatic orthopedics, the authors put forward this expert consensus to systematically standardize the clinical pathway and protective measures of emergency surgery for orthopedic trauma patients during prevention and control of COVID-19 and provide reference for the emergency surgical treatment of orthopedic trauma patients in hospitals at all levels.

5.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 124-128, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867683

ABSTRACT

With the outbreak of corona virus disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused by 2019 novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) in Wuhan, Hubei Province in December 2019, more and more suspected or confirmed patients have been found in various regions of China. Although China has adopted unprecedented strict quarantine and closed management measures to prevent the spreading of the disease, Department of Traumatic Orthopedics may still have to manage COVID-19 patients with open fractures or severe trauma that require emergency surgery. Therefore, the identification and management of 2019-nCoV infection as soon as possible as well as the protection of all medical staff involved in the emergency treatment of patients are the serious challenges faced by orthopedic traumatologists during the prevention and control of COVID-19. Based on the characteristics of such patients and related diagnosis and treatment experiences during the epidemic of COVID-19, the authors formulate the strategies of surgical management and infection prevention and control for orthopedic trauma patients.

6.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 124-128, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811518

ABSTRACT

With the outbreak of novel coronavirus pneumonia (NCP) induced by 2019 novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) in Wuhan, Hubei Province in December 2019, more and more suspected or confirmed cases have been found in various regions of China. Although China has adopted unprecedented strict quarantine and closed management measures to prevent the spreading of the disease, Department of Traumatic Orthopedics may still have to manage NCP patients with open fractures or severe trauma that require emergency surgery. Therefore, the identification and management of 2019-nCoV infection as soon as possible as well as the protection of all medical staff involved in the emergency treatment of patients are the severe challenges faced by orthopedic traumatologists during the prevention and control of NCP. Based on the characteristics of such patients and related diagnosis and treatment experiences during the epidemic of NCP, the authors formulate the surgical management strategies for orthopedic trauma patients.

7.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 111-116, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811516

ABSTRACT

Since December 2019, novel coronavirus pneumonia (NCP) has been reported in Wuhan, Hubei Province, and spreads rapidly to all through Hubei Province and even to the whole country. The virus is 2019 novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV), never been seen previously in human, but all the population is generally susceptible. The virus spreads through many ways and is highly infectious, which brings great difficulties to the prevention and control of NCP. Based on the needs of orthopedic trauma patients for emergency surgery and review of the latest NCP diagnosis and treatment strategy and the latest principles and principles of evidence-based medicine in traumatic orthopedics, the authors put forward this expert consensus to systematically standardize the clinical pathway and protective measures of emergency surgery for orthopedic trauma patients during prevention and control of NCP and provide reference for the emergency surgical treatment of orthopedic trauma patients in hospitals at all levels.

8.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 763-768, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-620037

ABSTRACT

Intervertebral disc (IVD) degeneration is considered to be the main cause of low back pain (LBP),however,there are lack of long-lasting and effective methods of clinical treatment.Tissue engineering technique based on stem cells becomes an essential research direction on repair of IVD degeneration at present,and its effectiveness and feasibility have been confirmed,but it is difficult to maintain the sufficiency and vitality of stem cells in IVD.Previous studies showed that stem cells existed naturally in IVD,and stem cells from stem cell niche could migrate to IVD physiologically to maintain the IVD environment balance under the adverse microenvironment.Unfortunately,these behaviors cannot preclude IVD degeneration.Therefore,theoretical basis for the regeneration of nucleus pulposus (NP) in situ can be obtained from studying the mechanism that the endogenous repair failure during IVD degeneration,the cell death and the migration of stem cells in IVD,and the key regulatory targets to sustain the quantity and quality of the stem cells.Although there have been few researches to study the mechanism of the cell death and the migration of stem cells in IVD so far,studies demonstrated that the major inducing factors of IVD degeneration (pressure and hypoxia) could decrease the number of NP cells by autophagy,apoptosis and necroptosis,and chemokines and their receptors played a critical role in the migration of mesenchymal stem cells.These researches provide a clue for studying the mechanism of endogenous repair failure during IVD degeneration.We reviewed the current research situation and progress of the mechanism that endogenous repair failure during IVD degeneration in the following articles.First,we exhibited the potential of IVD stem cells in IVD degeneration repair.Second,the effect of the adverse microenvironment (pressure,hypoxia,etc) on the migration of IVD stem cells was discussed.Third,the mechanism of the stem cell death,autophagy,apoptosis and necroptosis under the adverse (pressure,hypoxia,etc.) microenvironment,and the correlation between the IVD stem cells migration and autophagy,apoptosis and necroptosis was studied.And then tissue engineering of NP was also discussed to achieve the endogenous repair of IVD degeneration.These studies will provide an innovative research direction on endogenous repair and a new strategy of early therapy for IVD degeneration.

9.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma ; (12): 115-120, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-514298

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the clinical outcomes of treating unstable intertrochanteric fractures with proximal femoral locking plate (PFLP) in the elderly patients.Methods From January 2010 to June 2015,380 elderly patients with unstable intertrochanteric fracture were treated with PFLP and successfully followed up at our department.They were 171 men and 209 women,from 60 to 89 years of age (average,68.7 years).By AO classification,there were 58 cases of AO31-A2.2,87 ones of 31-A2.3,130 ones of 31-A3.1,63 ones of 31-A3.2,and 42 ones of 31-A3.3.Operation time,incision length,length of hospital stay,fracture healing time,postoperative complications and hip joint Harris scores were recorded.Results This cohort was followed up for an average of 13.3 months (range,from 8 to 21 months).Their operation time averaged 53.2 min,X-ray exposure 12.2 times,intraoperative blood loss 92.7 mL,incision length 12.6 cm,postoperative drainage volume 54.7 mL,and length of hospital stay 9.2 days.Pulmonary infection was observed in 3 cases,fixation loosening in 8,fixation breakage in 2,hip varus in 9,and fracture nonunion in 4,yielding a total complication rate of 6.8% (26/380).No operative incision infection was observed.The average fracture healing time was 11.8 weeks (range,from 7 to 48 weeks) after operation.The average Harris score one year postoperation for the 380 patients was 86.3 ± 6.1,significantly higher than the preoperative value (43.6±4.4) (P <0.05).There were 96 excellent,231 good,42 fair and 11 poor cases,giving an excellent to good rate of 86.1%.Conclusion Since PFLP has advantages of limited invasion,blood loss and complications,a high rate of fracture healing,and good functional recovery of the hip,it may be a good treatment for unstable intertrochanteric fractures in the elderly patients.

10.
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53): 1617-1622, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-513804

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Bone exposed wounds are frequently required to deal with in orthopaedic surgeries, involving the treatment of open fractures, bone tumors, osteomyelitis, and many other diseases, in which the defect of soft tissue caused by open fractures is the most difficult to deal with. Conventional debridement or negative pressure closed drainage technology is difficult to make bone exposed wounds heal, and the process is extremely cumbersome, during which,patients suffer a lot of pain.OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the advantages and disadvantages of the various types of dressings, and review the application of new hydrogel dressing in bone exposed wounds based on its advantages, such as keeping wound environment moisture, restoring skin physical barrier, contributing to routine dressing change.METHODS: A computer-based online retrieval of PubMed and CNKI databases was performed to search papers published between 2000 and 2016 using the key words hydrogel dressing, bone exposed wound, traditional wound dressing, antibiotic in English and Chinese, respectively. A total of 55 papers suitable for final analysis from the application of traditional and new dressings in bone tissue engineering were reviewed.RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: The treatment of bone exposed wounds involves the treatment of many diseases, such as open fractures, bone tumors, osteomyelitis, which is still an orthopedic problem to solve. The novel hydrogel dressings with unique advantages are able to provide better plans for bone exposed wounds, and the use of these dressings solves the regeneration and repair of exposed bone, and improves the infection of antibiosis. In addition, the gel dressings currently have become a hot spot of research because of the characteristics of sustained-release.

11.
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53): 6278-6283, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-503416

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:Nitric oxide can interfere with the function of mitochondria, and accelerate the intervertebral disc damage and degeneration by interfering with the release of inflammatory cytokines. Nitric oxide is an important inflammatory cel medium leading to degeneration of intervertebral disc induced by pressure and other external factors. OBJECTIVE:To investigate the regulatory effect of nitric oxide and nitric oxide synthase inhibitor niacinamide on mitochondrial function and its association with biological behavior of rabbit nucleus pulposus. METHODS:Cultured nucleus pulposus cel s of rabbit lumbar intervertebral disc were randomly divided into six groups:normal blank control group, 10μmol/L sodium nitroprusside group, 100μmol/L sodium nitroprusside group, 200μmol/L sodium nitroprusside group, 0.05 g/L nicotinamide group (100μmol/L sodium nitroprusside+0.05g/L nicotinamide), and 0.5 g/L nicotinamide group (100μmol/L sodium nitroprusside and 0.5 g/L nicotinamide). Different doses of nitric oxide donor sodium nitroprusside and nicotinamide were added in the medium of each group. Three days after intervention, cel proliferation activity, intracel ular ATP concentration, cel nitric oxide synthase activity, cel ular reactive oxygen species level, and mitochondrial membrane potential were detected respectively. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:(1) After 3 days of rabbit nucleus pulposus cel s intervened by different concentrations of sodium nitroprusside, intracel ular nitric oxide synthase content increased with sodium nitroprusside volume increase, and ATP concentration decreased along with sodium nitroprusside volume increase;there were significantly differences between the normal control group and sodium nitroprusside groups (P<0.01). (2) Reactive oxygen species could be increased in the sodium nitroprusside group. Niacinamide groups indicated a dose-dependent manner to improve the increase of cel ular reactive oxygen species levels with sodium nitroprusside intervention (P<0.01). (3) In the sodium nitroprusside groups, nucleus pulposus cel membrane potential decreased. In the niacinamide groups, sodium nitroprusside-induced decline in mitochondrial membrane potential was reduced (P<0.01). (4) Niacinamide groups also indicated a dose-dependent manner to improve the proliferative activity of nucleus pulposus cel s as compared with sodium nitroprusside groups (P<0.01). Significant differences were determined between the two groups (P<0.01). (5) Results suggest that the excess nitric oxide can damage mitochondrial metabolic function of rabbit nucleus pulposus cel s and cause cel energy metabolism. Niacinamide can reverse these damages by inhibiting nitric oxide synthesis, thereby contributing to the prevention against intervertebral disc degeneration.

12.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 1138-1143, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-422552

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo make a comparison between microsurgical lumbar discectomy(MSLD) and microendoscopic discectomy(MED) in terms of methods,feathers,and effectiveness for lumbar disc herniation (LDH).MethodsA prospective clinical review was conducted.From January 2006 to December 2009,900patients with single segment lumber disc herniation were randomly divided into the MSLD group and the MED group.There were 450 patients in each group.Comparison would be made in terms of the length of skin incision,the operative time,amount of bleeding,incidence of complication,duration of hospitalization,the time of recovery to ordinary work or life,pre- and post-operative assessment based on the criteria of visual analogue scales (VAS),and the Oswestry disability index(ODI).ResultsThe mean lengths of skin incision were (3.8±1.1) cm and (2.4±0.7) cm for MSLD and MED respectively; the operative time were (51.0±14.2) min and (62.0±16.3) min; and the blood loss were (60±35) ml and (106±43) ml,which showed a significant difference(P<0.05).There was no significant differences in terms of the hospitalization time and the time of recovery to ordinary work or life between the two groups (P>0.05).The results of VAS and ODI of two groups also showed no significant difference at final follow-up (P>0.05).As for the complications,the incidence of dural tear,acute hematomas of sacrospinalis,nerve roots and cauda equina injury and recurrence in MSLD group were much lower than that of MED group (P<0.01).There was no incidence of wrong segment,greater artery injury,or postoperative infection in each group.ConclusionThe clinical effects of both minimal invasive methods are satisfactory.However,MSLD has advantages of simpler maneuvering,shorter learning curve,and less complication than MED.

13.
Journal of Huazhong University of Science and Technology (Medical Sciences) ; (6): 379-84, 2010.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-634803

ABSTRACT

In order to investigate the apoptotic pathway of rabbit annulus fibrosus (AF) cells induced by mechanical overload, an experimental air-pressure model was established in this study to pressurize the rabbit AF cells in vitro. Cells were randomly divided into five groups in which the cells were exposed to a continuous pressure of 1.1 MPa for different lengths of time (0, 5, 12, 24 and 36 h). The cell proliferation and apoptosis were detected by cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) assay and flow cytometry; the alterations in mitochondrial membrane potential were measured by fluorescence microscopy and fluorescence spectrophotometer; the activities of caspase-8 and 9 were determined by spectrophotometry. The results showed that after the cells were subjected to the pressure for 24 or 36 h, the cell proliferation was inhibited; the ratio of cell apoptosis was increased; the mitochondrial membrane potential was decreased; the activity of caspase-9 was enhanced; no activity changes were observed in caspase-8. The results suggested that treatment with a pressure of 1.1 MPa for more than 24 h can lead to the proliferation inhibition and the apoptosis of rabbit AF cells in vitro, and the mitochondrial-dependent pathway is implicated in the pressure-induced AF cell apoptosis.

14.
Orthopedic Journal of China ; (24): 356-360, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-406659

ABSTRACT

To investigate the influence of recombinant adenovirus carrying tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-3 (RAdTIMP-3) on the main compositions of rabbits intervertebral discs and to assess its potential in treatment for intervertebral disc degeneration.[Method]RadTIMP-3 and empty adenovims vector with Lac-Z gene (Rad66) was propagated in 293 Cells and was purified, identified and tittered. Thirty Japanese white rabbits were randomly divided into 5 groups. And 25 μl of various reagents were injected to the L4、5 and L5、6 intervertebral discs of the rabbits as follows:normal saline in group 1, 1.0×1010 OPU/ml of RAd66 in Group 2, and 1.0×1010 OPU/ml of RAdTIMP-3 in group 3, 4 and 5. The intervertebral discs of each group were collected after 2, 2, 1, 2 and 4 weeks after injection respectively.Then X-gal staining, And Group 1, RT-PCR for TIMP-3 and aggrecan core protein,TUNEL staining, immunohistochemical staining for TIMP-3 and type I! Collagen and Safranin O-Fast green staining was carried out to assess the effects of RadTIMP-3 transfection.[Result](1)concentration of RAdTIMP-3 reached 1.9×1012 OPU/ml after propagation and purification. (2)RT-PCR shows that the expression of TIMP-3 was significantly raised in group 3, 4, 5, as compared with group 1 or 2. And the expression of core protein gene in group 3, 4, 5 increased slightly than in group 1 and 2. (3) TUNEL staining revealed that there was not significant difference between the positive-staining rates of any two of the groups. (4)TIMP-3 staining exhibited an obvious increase of positive-staining rates in group 3, 4 and 5 as compared with groupi or 2. The staining density of Safranin O-Fast Green staining and immunohistochemical staining for type II collagen of group 5 was obviously higher than that of group 1 or 2.[Conclusion]RAdTIMP-3 can express widely and safely in rabbit intervertebral discs, and improve the quantity and quality of matrix. It has the potential to be used in treatment for intervertabral disc degeneration.

15.
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53): 6448-6453, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-405892

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:Recent studies have demonstrated that Niacinamide is capable of promoting the proliferation of intervertebral cells and improving intervertebral disc degeneration.Overloading is thought to the main cause of intervertebral disc degeneration.However,the protective effects of Niacinamide in loading induced intervertebral disc degeneration remains uncertain,OBJECTIVE:To investigate the protective effects of Niacinamide against axial loading induced degeneration of rabbit lumbar disc.DESIGN,TIME AND SETTING:A randomized controlled experiment was carded out in the Central Laboratory and the Laboratory of Department of Orthopaedics,Union Hospital Affiliated to Tongji Medical College,Huazhong University of Science and Technology from November 2008 to April 2009.MATERIALS:Twenty-four Japanese white rabbits (4 months old,weighing 2.0 kg).Niacinamide was supplied by Tianjin Damao Chemical Reagent Factory.METHODS:Twenty-four Japanese white rabbits were randomly divided into 6 groups.The controllable axial loading induced rabbit lumbar disc degeneration model was adopted to impose 98N pressure on the rabbit discs to induce degeneration.Various doses of Niacinamide were given intragastrically to the rabbits in different groups:2 rabbits in group 1,the loading device was installed without pressing,and no Niacinamide was given;2 rabbits in group 2,given 50 mg/kg Niacinamide for 1 week;5 rabbits in group 3,loaded with 98N for 1 week;5 rabbits in group 4,loaded with 98N for 1 week,then the pressure was released for another week's recovery;5 rabbits in group 5,loaded with 98N and given 50 mg/kg Niacinamide for 1 week;5 rabbits in group 6,loaded with 98N for 1 week and then the pressure was released for another week's recovery,50 mg/kg Niacinamide was continually given during the 2 weeks.MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:Magnetic resonance image and Thompson's grading system were used to assess degeneration degree of the discs;hematoxylin and eosin staining,immunohistochemical staining for type Ⅱ collagen,and Safranin O staining were used to evaluate histological changes;immunohistochemical staining for P161NK4A was used to evaluate cell proliferation and senescence.RESULTS:①According to the Thompson's grading system,there was no disc exhibited degeneration in group 2;5 rabbits graded Ⅱ in group 3;4 rabbits graded Ⅱ and 1 rabbit graded Ⅲ in group 4;2 rabbits graded Ⅰ and 3 rabbits graded Ⅱ in group 5;3 rabbits graded Ⅰ and 2 rabbits graded Ⅱ in group 6.MRI results revealed the alleviated degeneration in Niacinamide given groups.②The content of type Ⅱ collagen of annulus fibrosus of group 6 was 53.2% higher than that of group 4 (P<0.01).③Safranin O-Fast Green staining density of group 2 was higher than that of group 1;The staining density of nucleus pulposus and annulus fibrosus of groups 5 and 6 was higher than the corresponding parts of group 4,especially that of nucleus pulposus (P<0.01,P<0.01),and group 6 exhibited slightly increased levels than group 5.④P16INK4A positive staining rates decreased with the extension of Niacinamide administration time.CONCLUSION:Niacinamide can help to alleviate overloading-caused damage to intervertebral disc,and can benefit the recovery of damaged intervertebral disc.

16.
Orthopedic Journal of China ; (24): 1657-1661, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-403165

ABSTRACT

[Objective]To investigate the protective effect of Tanshinone IIA (TSⅡA) against interleukin-1β (IL-1β) induced obstruction of energy metabolism of rabbit annulus fibrosus cell in vitro.[Methods]Rabbit annulus fibrosus (AF) cells were cultured in 3-dimension alginate beads and randomly divided into 7 groups. Various concentrations of TSⅡA and IL-1β was added to the medium for intervention: no drug was added in group A as normal control, 4 μg/ml TSⅡA in group B, 10 μg/ml IL-1β in group C, and both 10 μg/ml IL-1β and different concentrations of TSⅡA in groups D-G (0.5 μg/ml, 1 μg/ml, 2 μg/ml and 4 μg/ml respectively). After 3 days of incubation, the cells were collected for measuring the activity of Na+-K+-ATPase and succinate dehydrogenase (SDH), MTT assay for cell proliferation, and AnnexinⅤ-PI staining for cell apoptosis.[Results]The activity of Na+-K+-ATPase of group G (10 μg/ml IL-1β+4μg/ml TS IIA; 3.23±0.28 U/mgprot) was increased significantly as compared with group C (10 μg/ml IL-1β; 1.118±0.15 U/mgprot, P<0.01). The activity of SDH of group G was 12.48±0.97 U/mgprot, which was obviously higher than that of group C (3.03±0.60 U/mgprot, P<0.01). The absorbance of MTT assay of group G (0.77±0.06) was significantly increased as compared with group C (0.31±0.07,P<0.01). The absorbance of groups D-G increased as the concentration of TSⅡA increased. The apoptotic cell rate and dead cell rate of group G was 21.08±1.46% and 8.99±0.33%, which were both lower than that of group C (43.11±2.7,P<0.01 and 11.71±0.32,P<0.01).[Conclusion]TSⅡA is able to promote cell proliferation and decrease cell apoptosis of AF by alleviating IL-1β induced inhibition on cell energy metabolism.

17.
Journal of Huazhong University of Science and Technology (Medical Sciences) ; (6): 737-40, 2009.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-634694

ABSTRACT

To explore the expression of Beclin1 in osteosarcoma and investigate the effects of down-regulation of autophagy on the chemotherapeutic sensitivity to cisplatin (DDP), the expression of Beclin1 in 28 specimens of osteosarcoma (group A) and 19 specimens of normal bone tissues (group B) were immunohistochemically detected. The expression of Beclin1 mRNA in MG63 cells treated with different concentrations of DDP was examined with RT-PCR. After down-regulation of autophagy in MG63 cells by an autophagy inhibitor, 3-methyladenine (3-MA), the cell proliferation inhibition rate of MG63 cells treated with DDP was evaluated by using the MTT assay. The positive rates of Beclin1 were 67.85% in group A and 94.73% in group B. Its expression was lower in osteosarcoma than in normal bone tissues, with a significant difference found between them (P<0.05). RT-PCR showed that the expression of Beclin1 mRNA in the cells treated with high-dose DDP were higher than that in the non-treated cells, and no significant difference in the expression of Beclin1 mRNA was found between the cells treated with low-dose DDP and the non-treated cells. There was a positive correlation between the level of Beclin1 mRNA expression and the concentration of DDP. MTT assay showed that the proliferation inhibition rates of the cell treated with 3-MA and DDP combined were substantially increased when compared with those treated with DDP alone (P<0.01). This study demonstrated that autophagy may be implicated in the carcinogenesis of osteosarcoma, and DDP may induce autophagy in the MG63 cells. It also suggests that the down-regulated autophagy could increase chemotherapeutic sensitivity of DDP to osteosarcoma.

18.
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53): 7382-7385, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-406952

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: It has reported that nicotinamide is capable of protecting intervertebral disc (IVD) against interleukin-1β (IL-1β) or tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) induced degeneration. However, the protective mechanism of nicotinamide on IVD cells apoptosis and proliferation remains unclear.OBJECTIVE: To investigate regulatory effects of nicotinamide on rabbit nucleus pulposus cell apoptosis and proliferation in vitro.DESIGN, TIME AND SETTING: Randomized control grouping design, which was carried out in the Laboratory of Orthopaedics and Stem Cell Center, Union Hospital Affiliated to Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology from April to October 2007.MATERIALS: Ten Japanese white rabbits (aged 2-3 months weighing 1.5-2.0 kg) were used in this study. Furthermore, nucleus pulposus cells obtained from L1-6 lumbar spine were harvested and cultured for further experiments.METHODS: The NP cells were divided into 6 groups, including control group (without any drug as control), nicotinamide group (0.5 g/L nicotinamide), IL-1β group (10 μg/L IL-1β), IL-1β + caspase group (10 μg/L IL-1β and non-specific caspase inhibitor Z-VAD-FMK), IL-1β + small-dose nicotinamide group (10 μg/L IL-1β and 0.05 g/L nicotinamide), and IL-1β + large-dose nicotinamide group (10 μg/L IL-1β and 0.5 g/L nicotinamide). After 3 days of culture, the cells were examined with Annexin V-PI staining, caspase-3, 8 and 9 activity staining and MTT assay.MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The apoptotic rates, the positive rates of caspase-3, 8 and 9 activity staining and the absorbance of MTT assay of each group.RESULTS: ① As compared to IL-1β group, the apoptotic rates were decreased in the IL-1β + caspase group and IL-1β + large-dose nicotinamide group (P < 0.01). ②As compared to IL-1β group, the positive rates of caspase-3, 8 and 9 activity staining were decreased in the IL-1β + caspase group, IL-1β + large-dose and small-dose nicotinamide groups (P < 0.01 or P < 0.01). ③As compared to IL-1β group, the absorbance was increased in the IL-1β + caspase group and IL-1β + large-dose nicotinamide group (P < 0.01).CONCLUSION: Nicotinamide is capable of promoting cell proliferation and inhibiting IL-1β induced apoptosis of nucleus pulposus cells in vitro. The inhibition of apoptosis mainly acts via inhibition of the mitochondrial pathway.

19.
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53): 9018-9023, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-406907

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Studies have reported that Niacinamide is capable of promoting the proliferation of intervertebral cell and protecting intervertebral disc (IVD) against interleukin-1 β-induced degeneration. However,the mechanism of Niacinamide underlying protecting IVD degeneration remains uncertain. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the regulatory effect of Niacinamide on interleukin-1 β-induced cell apoptosis and energy metabolism related gene in IVD in vitro. DESIGN, TIME AND SETTING: Experiments were performed in the Central Laboratory of Union Hospital Affiliated to Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology from November 2007 to May 2008. MATERIALS: Fifty-six IVDs from L16 lumbar spine often Japanese white rabbits,aged 3-4 months and weighing 1.5-2.0 kg,were harvested and cultured in alginate gel for further experiments. METHODS: IVD cultured models were randomly divided into 4 groups: normal control group (with the absence of drags), Niacinamide group (administrating 0.5 g/L Niacinamide), degeneration group (administrating 10 μg/L interlenkin-1β),treatment group (administrating 10 μg/L interleukin-1β and 0.5 g/L Niacinamide).After 2 weeks of culture,TUNEL staining and immunohistochcmical staining for FAS,Bcl-2, Caspase-3, hypoxia induced factor 1a, glucose transporter-1 and vascular endothelial cell growth factor were used to detect alternated cell apoptosis and expression of energy metabolism related genes. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The positive cell rates of TUNEL staining and immunohistochemical staining in each group. RESULTS: The rate of TUNEL positive-staining cells of degeneration group was higher than normal control group (P=0.001). The rate of FAS positive-staining cells of degeneration group was obviously higher than normal control group (P<0.01). The rate of Bcl-2 positive-staining cells of Niacinamide group was higher than normal control group (P=0.004). The rate of Caspase-3 positive-staining cells of treatment group was lower than degeneration group significantly (P=0,024).The rate of hypoxia induced factor- 1α positive-staining cells of Niacinamide group was lower than normal control group (P<0.01),and the rate of degeneration group was higher than normal control group (P<0.01 ). The rate of glucose transporter-1 positive-staining cells of treatment group was higher than normal control group(P<0.01). CONCLUSION: Niacinamide can inhibit interleukin-1β-induced IVD cell apoptosis and alleviates interleukin-1β induced disturbance of energy metabolism.

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