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1.
Chinese Journal of Cellular and Molecular Immunology ; (12): 51-57, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009475

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the relationship between interleukin-1β (IL-1β) and miR-185-5p in the process of joint injury in acute gouty arthritis (AGA). Methods The serum miR-185-5p levels of 89 AGA patients and 91 healthy volunteers were detected by real-time quantitative PCR. The correlation between miR-185-5p expression level and VAS score or IL-1β expression level was evaluated by Pearson correlation coefficient method. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to evaluate the diagnostic value of miR-185-5p in AGA. THP-1 cells were induced by sodium urate (MSU) to construct an in vitro acute gouty inflammatory cell model. After the expression level of miR-185-5p in THP-1 cells was upregulated or downregulated by transfection of miR-185-5p mimics or inhibitors in vitro, inflammatory cytokines of THP-1 cells, such as IL-1β, IL-8 and tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α), were detected by ELISA. The luciferase reporter gene assay was used to determine the interaction between miR-185-5p and the 3'-UTR of IL-1β. Results Compared with the healthy control group, the expression level of serum miR-185-5p in AGA patients was significantly reduced. The level of serum miR-185-5p was negatively correlated with VAS score and IL-1β expression level. The area under the curve (AUC) was 0.905, the sensitivity was 80.17% and the specificity was 83.52%. Down-regulation of miR-185-5p significantly promoted the expression of IL-1β, IL-8 and tumor necrosis factor (TNF-α), while overexpression of miR-185-5p showed the opposite results. Luciferase reporter gene assay showed that IL-1β was the target gene of miR-185-5p, and miR-185-5p negatively regulated the expression of IL-1β. Conclusion miR-185-5p alleviates the inflammatory response in AGA by inhibiting IL-1β.


Subject(s)
Humans , 3' Untranslated Regions , Arthritis, Gouty/genetics , Interleukin-1beta/genetics , Interleukin-8 , Luciferases , MicroRNAs/genetics , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha
2.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Endoscopy ; (12): 307-312, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934109

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the features of endoscopic ultrasonography in the diagnosis of malignant mediastinal and abdominal lymphadenopathy and to provide more evidence for endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiraiton (EUS-FNA).Methods:A case-control study was performed on 83 consecutive patients who underwent EUS in the Second Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University from September 2016 to February 2021. Lymph node properties were identified by pathological results of EUS-FNA and (or) surgery and follow-up for at least 6 months. According to the final diagnosis, patients were divided into malignant lymph node group ( n=56) and benign lymph node group ( n=27). Univariate analysis and multivariate logistic analysis were performed to identify independent risk factors for malignant lymphadenopathy in terms of EUS features. Results:Univariate analysis showed that the length of short axis, short-long axis ratio, shape, border, presence or absence of hilum, heterogeneous echo, and the growth pattern of lymph node were risk factors for malignant lymph nodes ( P<0.10). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that short axis>10 mm ( P=0.021, OR=9.751, 95% CI: 1.407-57.573), clear border ( P=0.009, OR=20.587, 95% CI: 2.149-197.251), absence of hilum ( P=0.019, OR=28.502, 95% CI: 1.725-470.864), nodal matting ( P=0.004, OR=45.539, 95% CI: 3.429-604.822), partial nodal fusion ( P=0.004, OR=50.012, 95% CI: 3.497-715.266) were independent risk factors for malignant mediastinal and abdominal lymph nodes. Conclusion:EUS is useful to differentiate the lymph node properties in the mediastinal or abdominal cavity. Short axis>10 mm, clear border, absence of hilum, nodal matting and partial nodal fusion are high-risk EUS features of malignant mediastinal or abdominal lymphadenopathy, where priority should be given to EUS-FNA.

3.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Endoscopy ; (12): 238-241, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934101

ABSTRACT

Endoscopic data of 108 upper gastrointestinal elevated lesions caused by vascular or hemangioma compression by endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS) at the Second Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University, Changshu No.1 People's Hospital, Kushan Hospital of Chinese Medicine and Traditional Chinese Medicine Hospital of Changshu from December 2010 to June 2019 were retrospectively summarized. The results showed that lesions were mainly located in the esophagus [50.9% (55/108)] and stomach [47.2% (51/108)], especially in the middle [40.0% (22/55)] and upper esophagus [36.4% (20/55)], body [66.7% (34/51)] and fundus of stomach [31.4% (16/51)], respectively. The major etiology included splenic artery and aneurysm compression [29.6% (32/108)], aortic compression [23.1% (25/108)], isolated esophageal venous aneurysm compression [13.9% (15/108)] and gastric submucosal vein and venous aneurysm compression [12.0% (13/108)], with diverse endoscopic presentation. The above results suggest that elevated lesions of upper gastrointestinal tract caused by blood vessels and hemangiomas are mostly due to external vascular pressure outside the lumen, but ectopic submucosal arteries and isolated phlebangioma are not uncommon. The lesions are widely distributed with different gastroscopic manifestations. EUS is important for definite diagnosis, and can be combined with color Doppler technique, CT plain scan and angiographic reconstruction if necessary.

4.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Endoscopy ; (12): 71-74, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934078

ABSTRACT

To evaluate the diagnostic value and safety of endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration (EUS-FNA) in patients with biopsy-negative malignant gastrointestinal stricture, a retrospective analysis was performed on data of patients whose computed tomography scan showed gastrointestinal malignant tumor with complete lumen stricture and endoscopic biopsy results showed negative, who underwent EUS-FNA in the Second Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University from July 2016 to January 2020. Perioperative complications, technical success rate and accuracy of EUS-FNA were analyzed. Eleven cases included in the study, including 7 males and 4 females, with mean age of 60.3 years. There were 8 esophageal strictures and 3 rectal strictures. All patients successfully underwent EUS-FNA, and malignant tumor was found in 10 cases and no tumor cell was found in 1 case. No complications were reported. EUS-FNA is a safe and valuable approach to diagnosing biopsy-negative malignant gastrointestinal strictures.

5.
Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 544-550, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939622

ABSTRACT

The study aimed to evaluate the safety and function of poly(lactic-acid-co-ε-caprolactone) (PLCL)/fibrinogen nanofibers (P/F-Ns), and provide theoretical basis for the clinical application. The surface morphology, mechanical properties, the hydrophilicity and the fibrinogen content of P/F-Ns were tested by scanning electron microscope, the material testing machine, the contact angle meter and the microplate reader, respectively. The cell adhesion, proliferation and ligament remodeling genes expression of Hig-82 cells on P/F-Ns were conducted through cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) and real-time quantitative PCR analyses, respectively. The results showed that with the increase of the fibrinogen content, the pore sizes and hydrophilicity of three P/F-Ns increased, but the mechanical properties decreased. Cell adhesion and proliferation tests showed that P/F-N-2 held the best ability to promote cell adhesion and proliferation. The ligament remodeling genes expressions of Hig-82 cells on P/F-N-1, P/F-N-2 and P/F-N-3 were all up-regulated compared to P/F-N-0 on days 3 and 7. All the three P/F-Ns containing fibrinogen (P/F-N-1, P/F-N-2 and P/F-N-3) had better biocompatibility compared to P/F-N-0, and could be efficiently applied to the reconstruction of anterior cruciate ligament.


Subject(s)
Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction , Cell Adhesion , Fibrinogen , Materials Testing , Nanofibers
6.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 891-896, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956928

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate whether whole brain radiation therapy(WBRT) could benefit small cell lung cancer (SCLC) patients with brain metastases.Methods:Clinical data of 245 patients who were diagnosed with extensive stage SCLC with brain metastases admitted to our hospital from 2010 to 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. Among them, 168 patients received WRBT (WBRT group, radiation dose: 30Gy in 10 fractions), and 77 patients did not receive WBRT (non-WBRT group). All patients received 4-6 cycles of chemotherapy, and the chemotherapy regimen included cisplatin (or carboplatin) plus etoposide. One hundred and fifteen patients received thoracic radiotherapy. The endpoint was overall survival after brain metastases(BM-OS). Chi-square test was used to compare categorical data, and stabilized inverse probability of treatment weighting(sIPTW) was used to match the factors between WBRT and no-WBRT groups. Survival analysis was estimated by Kaplan-Meier method, and the log-rank test was used to compare survival curves between two groups. Results:The median BM-OS for the whole group of patients was 9.1 months, and 10.6 months and 6.7 months in the WBRT and non-WBRT groups, respectively( P=0.003). After balanced influencing factors with stabilized sIPTW, significant difference still existed in BM-OS between two groups( P=0.02). In 118 patients with synchronous brain metastases, the median BM-OS in two groups were 13.0 months and 9.6 months( P=0.007); and in 127 patients with metachronous brain metastases, the median BM-OS were 8.0 months and 4.1 months( P=0.003). In 50 patients without extracranial metastases, the median BM-OS were 13.3 months and 10.9 months( P=0.259)in two groups; while in 195 patients with extracranial metastases, the median BM-OS were 9.5 months and 5.9 months( P=0.009)in two groups. Conclusions:WBRT could prolong the OS in extensive stage SCLC patients with brain metastases.

7.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 334-339, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932672

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the efficacy and safety of thoracic radiotherapy in the treatment of patients with extensive-stage small cell lung cancer (ES-SCLC) with different metastatic sites.Methods:A retrospective analysis was performed among 830 ES-SCLC patients who were admitted to our hospital from 2010 to 2019. They all received the first-line chemotherapy and had no progression after chemotherapy. 341 patients of them received thoracic radiotherapy after chemotherapy. The main endpoint was overall survival. The Chi-square test was used to compare the categorical data including gender and age, etc. Univariate survival analysis was estimated by Kaplan-Meier method and the log-rank test was used to compare the survival curves between two groups. A multivariate prognostic analysis was made by the Cox proportional hazard model.Results:In all the patients, the overall survival (OS) was 12.4 months. The patients with thoracic radiotherapy had significantly higher OS than the patients without thoracic radiotherapy (15.2 months vs.10.8 months, P<0.001). Thoracic radiotherapy significantly improved the OS in patients without liver metastasis (16.0 months vs.11.4 months, P<0.001) in the oligometastatic patients. But for the oligometastatic patients with liver metastasis, the OS benefit was not significant (14.2 months vs. 10.6 months, P=0.072). For polymetastatic patients without liver metastasis, thoracic radiotherapy offered significant OS benefits (14.5 months vs.10.9 months, P<0.001), but for the polymetastatic patients with liver metastasis, the OS was not improved with thoracic radiotherapy (10.2 months vs.9.2 months, P=0.715). Conclusions:In ES-SCLC patients, thoracic radiotherapy provides significant OS benefits in patients with oligometastases ES-SCLC without liver metastasis and for the liver metastatic patients may also benefit from thoracic radiotherapy based on the effectiveness of chemotherapy. In patients with multiple metastases, thoracic radiotherapy only improves the OS in patients without liver metastasis, but does not improve the prognosis in patients with liver metastasis.

8.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 170-175, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884983

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical application value of 3D printing technology in percutaneous nephrolithotomy(PCNL) to complex renal calculi.Methods:The clinical data of 41 patients with complex renal calculi from May 2018 to October 2019, in the First Affiliated Hospital of Xiamen University and Xiang'an District of the First Affiliated Hospital of Xiamen University were retrospectively analyzed. There were 19 cases underwent PCNL after 3D printing (3D printing group), and 22 cases during the same period did not undergo 3D printing before operation (control group). Before operation, the two groups underwent CT plain scan enhanced examination. In 3D printing group, 3D printing technology was used to obtain 3D renal models, then 3D renal models were used for preoperative design and simulation of surgical puncture and preoperative conversation.The control group only underwent PCNL after routine examination.The ages of the patients in 3D printing group and control group were (42.9±2.5) vs. (41.3±2.9) years old, male/female ratio 11/8 vs. 12/10, body mass index (22.4±1.1) vs. (23.2±1.4) kg/m 2, serum creatinine (42.9±2.5) vs. (78.2±4.5) μmol/L, stone size (5.0±1.2) vs. (5.2±1.3) cm, the CT values of the stones was (930±210) vs.(950±200) HU. The difference of above parameters was not statistically significant ( P>0.05). The following indexes were compared between the two groups: score of questionnaire on satisfaction of preoperative conversation, and datas about operation and postopetation. Results:All the operations were successfully completed. The time of locating the target calyces in 3D printing group and control group was (3.3±1.3) vs. (5.3±3.1) min, and the coincidence of puncture calices was 94.7% (18/19) vs. 54.5%(12/22), and the stone removal rate of the 3D printing group was 78.9% (17/19) vs. 36.4% (8/22), 3D printing group was better than the control group in these respects( P < 0.05). However, there were no significant differences in postoperative complications [21.0% (4/19) vs. 13.6% (3/22)], multi-channel[89.4% (17/19) vs. 86.4% (19/22)], operation time [(121.8±20.2) vs. (132.1±18.5) min], time of hospitalization [(7.6±1.3) vs. (8.0±1.8)d] and time of extubation for renal fistula [(3.8±1.7)vs. (4.5±2.0 )d] (all P > 0.05). During preoperative conversation between the 3D printing group and the control group , the time spent on signing the consent [(17.0±3.9) vs.(21.0±3.3) min], the degree of understanding of the stone condition [(2.5±0.6)vs.(2.0±1.2) points], the degree of understanding of the PCNL surgical process and complications [(2.6±0.6) vs.(1.8±1.3) points] and the degree of satisfaction with the doctor’s preoperative conversation effects [(2.4±0.9) vs.(1.7±1.6) points]were significantly different in comparisons ( P<0.05). Conclusions:3D printing technology can be used in PCNL to directly display the internal anatomical relationship of renal calculi, guide accurate preoperative designing, help improve the operation efficiency and stone clearance rate, and can also be used as a mold in preoperative conversation to improve communication efficiency.

9.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 23-28, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884525

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the 5-year survival outcome of patients with unresectable locally advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) treated with Endostar in combination with platinum-based concurrent chemoradiotherapy.Methods:From March 2009 to June 2015, 115 patients with the unresectable locally advanced NSCLC from two prospective studies[Clinical trials 2009-2012(ClinicalTrials.gov NCT01894) and 2012-2015(ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT01733589)] were treated with Endostar in combination with platinum-based concurrent chemoradiotherapy. A total dose of 60-66 Gy was delivered in 30-33 fractions. Endostar was given 1 week prior to the beginning of radiotherapy, and repeated fortnightly during the concurrent chemoradiotherapy. After long-term follow up, survival outcome was evaluated in 104 patients treated with radiation dose of ≥60 Gy. Kaplan-Meier method was used for survival analysis. Univariate survival analysis was performed using the log-rank test.Results:Of 104 eligible patients, 60.6% of them had squamous carcinoma and 65.4% were classified in stage Ⅲ B. All the patients received ≥2 cycles of Endostar and 93.3% of them received 4 cycles of Endostar. The median follow-up time was 68.3 months. The median overall survival (OS) and median progression-free survival (PFS) were 31.3 and 13.9 months, respectively. The 3-year and 5-year OS were 45.6% and 35.7%, respectively. The 3-year and 5-year PFS were 27.1% and 24.9%, respectively. Univariate analysis indicated that sex, ECOG, pathological type, clinical stage, radiotherapy technique, chemotherapy regimen, chemotherapy cycle and cycle of Endostar use were not associated with OS. Late radiation injury occurred in 14.4% of patients, and no grade 4-5 late injury was observed. Conclusion:Patients with unresectable locally advanced NSCLC treated with Endostar fortnightly in combination with platinum-based concurrent chemoradiotherapy achieve better OS than historical data with tolerable toxicities.

10.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 1551-1555, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933010

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the relationship between the vitamin D receptor ApaⅠ and BsmⅠ gene polymorphisms and the risk of benign paroxysmal positional vertigo(BPPV).Methods:The 98 patients with BPPV admitted to the Neurology Clinic of our hospital from March 2020 to March 2021 were selected as vertigo group, and 100 healthy individuals were selected as a healthy control group.The gene polymorphism of ApaⅠ(rs7975232)and Bsm Ⅰ(rs1544410)were detected by polymerase chain reaction-based restriction fragment length polymorphism(PCR-RFLP). Binary Logistic regression was used to analyze the influencing factors of benign paroxysmal positional vertigo.Results:The serum levels of total cholesterol and uric acid were significantly higher in the BPPV group than in a healthy control group( P<0.05). The actual and predicted values of the ApaⅠ and BsmⅠ gene distribution were compared between the BPPV group and a healthy control group, and the difference was not statistically significant( P>0.05). The ApaⅠ and BsmⅠ genotypes of the BPPV group and the control group were stable and consistent with the Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium law.The ApaⅠ gene rs7975232 and the BsmⅠ gene rs1544410 genotype and allele frequency distribution[n(%)]showed statistically significant difference(all P<0.05)between control vs BPPV groups.The locus genotype and allele frequency distribution[n(%)]showed statistically significant difference between control vs BPPV group( P<0.05). The total cholesterol, blood uric acid, rs7975232CC, rs7975232AA, rs1544410 CC, and rs1544410 CT were risk factors for the occurrence of benign paroxysmal positional vertigo. Conclusions:Gentic polymorphisms at the cleavage sites of restriction endonuclease of vitamin D gene ApaⅠ rs7975232 and BsmⅠ gene rs1544410 have certain correlation with the occurrence of(BPPV)disease.Population with type CC and AA in ApaI rs7975232 and type CC and CT in BsmⅠ rs1544410 are more prone to BPPV.

11.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 671-675, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910447

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the role of concurrent chemoradiotherapy in the treatment of limited-stage small cell lung cancer (LS-SCLC) and the impact of the number of chemotherapy cycle during radiotherapy (RT) on clinical prognosis.Methods:Patients with LS-SCLC treated with definitive radiotherapy from May, 2008 to September, 2016 were included in the study. The primary endpoint was overall survival (OS), which was calculated from the start of treatment to the date of death or last follow-up. The effect of the number of concurrent chemotherapy cycle and other clinical factors on clinical efficacy was analyzed. Survival analysis was performed with Kaplan- Meier method, and multivariate analysis was performed with Cox regression model. Results:Three hundred and seventeen patients were eligible for the analysis. Among them, 129 patients received sequential chemoradiotherapy and 188 patients received concurrent chemoradiotherapy. Among patients receiving concurrent chemoradiotherapy, 86 patients received 1 cycle of concurrent chemotherapy and 102 cases of 2 cycles of concurrent chemotherapy. The median follow-up time was 22.47 months. Multivariate survival analysis showed that only clinical stage, timing of RT administration and prophylactic cranial irradiation (PCI) were the independent prognostic factor for OS. The median OS in patients who received 1 cycle and 2 cycles of concurrent chemotherapy during RT were 33.8 months and 30.4 months ( P=0.400). No matter in elder patients or in younger patients, in early RT group or in late RT group and application of PCI or not, the number of concurrent chemotherapy cycle exerted no significant impact on OS. The incidence of grade 3 or above adverse events was 20% in the 1-cycle concurrent chemotherapy group, and 13.7% in the 2-cycle concurrent chemotherapy group. Conclusions:Concurrent chemoradiotherapy is the standard treatment of LS-SCLC. Two cycles of concurrent chemotherapy during RT is not necessarily superior to 1 cycle of concurrent chemotherapy. The optimal number of concurrent chemotherapy cycle during RT need to be studied in a large prospective randomized clinical trial.

12.
Chinese Journal of Hospital Administration ; (12): 961-965, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872405

ABSTRACT

Establishment of an appraisal system in line with the Party building work of the new era, is imperative for implementation of the Party building responsibility system and furthering Party building quality. In September 2019, the authors customized a questionnaire and surveyed 629 in-job Party members of 10 tertiary public hospitals. By means of literature review, questionnaire surveys and expert interviews, they studied the current Party building appraisal system and existing problems. In addition, they probed into the significance of applying target management theory in the appraisal of Party building work at public hospitals, and applied such a theory in setting up a Party building appraisal system in line with the requirements of the Party in the new era, in such aspects as appraisal goal setting, management of the appraisal process, improvement of the appraisal system, and feedback of appraisal results.

13.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 767-771, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868682

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the correlation between radiation dose of the pelvic bone marrow of different anatomical bony sites and the incidence of neutrophil toxicity during the three-dimensional radiotherapy concurrent chemotherapy for cervical cancer.Methods:Clinical data of 117 cervical cancer patients who received three-dimensional radiotherapy concurrent chemotherapy from 2016 to 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. The dosimetric parameters included D mean, V 5Gy, V 10Gy, V 20Gy, V 30Gy, V 40Gy and V 50Gy. The correlation between the dosimetric parameters and the lowest neutrophil count was analyzed by linear regression analysis. Clinicopathological features and dosimetric parameters were included into the multivariate regression analysis model. Results:The incidence rates of neutrophil toxicity (grade 1-4) were 10.3%, 27.4%, 11.1% and 10.3%, respectively. The linear regression analysis showed that the D mean and V 50Gy of lumbosacral vertebrae (LS), the D mean, V 5Gy, V 10Gy, V 20Gy, V 30Gy, V 40Gy and V 50Gy of the ilium were significantly correlated with the grade 2-4 neutrophil toxicity ( P=0.035、<0.001、<0.001、=0.001、=0.003、=0.001、<0.001、<0.001、<0.001). Multivariate analysis demonstrated that the V 20Gy, V 30Gy and V 50Gy of the LS, the D mean, V 5Gy, V 10Gy, V 20Gy and V 30Gy of the ilium were significantly correlated with the grade 2-4 neutrophil toxicity ( P=0.046、0.038、0.049、0.041、0.039、0.029、0.036、0.029). Conclusion:During the process of three-dimensional radiotherapy concurrent chemotherapy for cervical cancer, the volume of medium-and high-dose of LS and the volume of low-and medium-dose of ilium are significantly correlated with the risk of neutrophil toxicity.

14.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 499-504, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-755059

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effect of thoracic radiotherapy (TRT) on the prognosis of elderly patients with extensive-stage small cell lung cancer (ES-SCLC).Methods Clinical data of 83 patients aged ≥65 years diagnosed with metastatic ES-SCLC admitted to our hospital from 2010 to 2016 were retrospectively analyzed.All enrolled patients received etoposide plus cisplatin or carboplatin as the standard regimen for chemotherapy.After the propensity score matching (PSM),70 cases were either assigned into the TRT (n=35) or non-TRT groups (n=35).Among them,56 patients were male and 14 female.The median age was 69 years (range:65-85 years).The median chemotherapy cycle was 4 cycles (range:1-11 cycles).The median chest irradiation dose was 50 Gy (range:30-60 Gy).Overall survival (OS),progression-free survival (PFS) and local recurrence-free survival (LRFS) were regarded as end-point of observation.The survival rate was calculated by using Kaplan-Meier method and statistically compared between two groups by using Log-rank test.Multivariate prognostic analysis was performed using Cox regression model.Results For all patients,the 1-year OS,PFS and LRFS rates were 40%,16% and 21%,respectively.Patients undergoing TRT obtained better survival outcomes than their counterparts without TRT:the 1-year OS,PFS and LRFS were 52% vs.29%(P=0.005),30% vs.3%(P<0.001),38% vs.6% (P<0.001),respectively.Furthermore,TRT did not increase the incidence of adverse reactions in elderly patients (P=0.690).Conclusion The addition of TRT for elder ES-SCLC patients can significantly improve the rate of chest tumor control and prolong the survival time,which is worthy of further validation by prospective studies with large sample size.

15.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 339-343, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-745307

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the association between the timing of brain metastases and the prognosis of patients with small cell lung cancer (SCLC).Methods A retrospective analysis was performed in 131 patients with limited-stage SCLC firstly metastasized to the brain were admitted to our hospital from 2007 to 2015.According to the median bone metastasis-free survival (BMFS),all patients were divided into A group (BMFS ≤ 10 months,n =61) and B group (BMFS> 10 months,n=70).The survival rates were analyzed using the Kaplan-Meier method.Between-group comparison was performed by log-rank test.The Cox regression model was used for multivariate prognostic analysis.Results In all 131 patients,the median overall survival (OS) and 1-,2-,and 3-year OS rates were 22.5 months,87.3%,44.7%,and 20.8%,respectively.The median OS after brain metastases and 1-and 2-year OS rates were 9.3 months,39.3% and 14.8%,respectively.No statistical significance was observed in the median OS after brain metastases between the A and B groups (8.6 vs.9.3 months,P=0.695).Moreover,the OS after brain metastases did not significantly differ in patients without PCI or those receiving different therapies after brain metastases between two groups (P=0.240-0.731).Conclusions The timing of SCLC with brain metastases is significantly correlated with the OS rather than the OS after brain metastases.Therefore,prevention of brain metastases may be an effective approach to prolong the OS of patients with SCLC.

16.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 268-273, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-745294

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effect of different doses of thoracic radiotherapy (TRT) upon the clinical prognosis of patients with extensive-stage (stage Ⅳ) small cell lung cancer (ES-SCLC) and establish a Nomogram prediction model.Methods Clinical data of 144 patients pathologically diagnosed with ES-SCLC undergoing TRT in Tianjin Medical University Cancer Hospital from month,2010 to month,2016 were retrospectively analyzed.Clinical characteristics,treatment data and responses were evaluated.A Nomogram was established by using Cox's proportional hazard regression model to predict the overall survival (OS).The prediction capability and accuracy were assessed by the concordance index (C-index) and a calibration curve between the model and verification groups.Results The median follow-up time was 31.9 months.The 2-year OS rate was 20.3%.The Nomogram model demonstrated that TRT dose,liver metastases,oligometastases/polymetastases,number of chemotherapy cycle and response to chemotherapy were significantly correlated with clinical prognosis.The calibration curve revealed that the predicted and actual OS were highly consistent.The C-index was calculated as 0.701.In the subgroup analyses,patients with high-dose TRT obtained significantly better OS than their counterparts with low-dose TRT.Conclusion The Nomogram prediction model based on different TRT doses can accurately predict the OS rate of ES-SCLC patients,which is an individualized model for predicting the survival probability.

17.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 937-942, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-800453

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the effect of nutritional status pre-and during chemoradiotherapy on the prognosis of patients with limited- stage small cell lung cancer (LS-SCLC).@*Methods@#We retrospectively collected medical records of 172 LS-SCLC patients undergoing concurrent chemoradiotherapy in our hospital from 2000 to 2014, with 126 males and 46 females. The data of complete blood count and hepatic and renal function were collected before initial treatment, before radiotherapy, 4 weeks during radiotherapy, and 1 month after complete of treatment. The prognostic nutritional index(PNI)was calculated. Kaplan-Meier method was used to calculate the survival rate. Log-rank test was performed used to compare the survival differences between groups. Multivariate prognostic analysis was performed using Cox regression model.@*Results@#The median overall survival (OS) was 21 months, with median progression-free survival (PFS) of 11 months. At the beginning of treatment, patients with pre-treatment PNI ≥ 53 had significantly superior OS (median 37 vs 15 months, P=0.001) and PFS (median 16 vs 10 months, P=0.017). Patients with pre-treatment hemoglobin ≥140 g/L and <140 g/L had an median OS of 32 months and 17 months (P=0.019), and median PFS of 16 months and 9 months (P=0.040), respectively. During chemoradiation, patients with elevated hemoglobin had similar median OS compared with those had decreased hemoglobin (27 vs 18 months, P=0.063, but superior median PFS (15 vs 9 months, P=0.017). Multivariate analysis revealed that prophylactic cranial irradiation, pre-treatment hemoglobin ≥140 g/L, and pretreatment PNI ≥53 were independent predictors of OS and PFS in patients with LS-SCLC.@*Conclusion@#Pre-treatment nutritional status and the changes of nutritional status during chemoradiotherapy is significantly associated with the prognosis of patients with limited-stage small cell lung cancer. The patients with better pre-treatment nutritional status have a better prognosis.

18.
Chinese Journal of Medical Instrumentation ; (6): 140-143, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774488

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To establish an experimental method for evaluating material permeability of type I collagen hydrogels.@*METHODS@#Using BSA-FITC as an indicator, by combining BSA-FITC with PBS they were used as permeability media, and using transwell load hydrogen sample to detect BSA-FITC transparent rate.@*RESULTS@#In the concentration range of 100 μg·mL~0.781 μg·mL, the standard curve ≥ 0.99, Lower Limit of Quantity (LLOQ) is 3.125 μg·mL, RSD <5%, detection recovery rate is in the range of 80%~120%.@*CONCLUSIONS@#In this study, we established an experimental method for evaluating material permeability of hydrogel. The BSA-FITC transparent rate of type I collagen hydrogel was 100% at 28 h.


Subject(s)
Collagen Type I , Chemistry , Hydrogels , Chemistry , Materials Testing , Permeability
19.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 1426-1429, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-745622

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effect of low-flow sevoflurane anesthesia on the early postoperative renal function in patients.Methods Sixty patients of both sexes,of American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status Ⅰ or Ⅱ,aged 18-64 yr,scheduled for elective non-urological surgery with general anesthesia,with an expected surgical duration>4 h,were divided into 2 groups (n =30 each) using a random number table method:middle-flow anesthesia group (group Ⅰ) and low-flow anesthesia group (group Ⅱ).Anesthesia was induced with Ⅳ midazolam,sufentanil,propofol and cisatracurium besylate.Mechanical ventilation was performed after tracheal intubation.Pure oxygen served as carrier,the fresh gas flow of oxygen was set at 4-5 L/min,sevoflurane was inhaled for 10-15 min,and then fresh gas flow was decreased to 2 L/min (group Ⅰ) and 0.5 L/min (group Ⅱ).End-tidal pressure of carbon dioxide was maintained at 35-45 mmHg.The end-tidal concentration of sevoflurane was set at 2.0%-2.4%,remifentanil and cisatracurium besylate were infused intravenously,and sufentanill or propofol was injected intermittently to maintain anesthesia.Bispectral index value was maintained at 40-60 during operation.Before anesthesia induction (T0),at 1,2,3 and 4 h after anesthesia induction (T1-4),immediately after operation (T5) and at 24 h after operation (T6),peripheral venous blood samples were collected for determination of serum fluoride ion concentrations.Peripheral venous blood samples and urine specimens were collected at T0,T5,T6,48 h after operation (T7) and 72 h after operation (T8) for determination of creatinine (Cr),blood urea nitrogen (BUN) and cystatin C (Cys C) and serum and urine β2-microglobulin (β2-MG) concentrations.Results Compared with the baseline at T0,serum fluoride ion concentrations were significantly increased at T1-6 in two groups,the serum Cys C concentration was increased at T5,and serum and urine β2-MG concentrations were increased at T5 and T6 in group Ⅰ,serum Cr and BUN concentrations and serum and urine β2-MG concentrations were increased at T5 and T6,and the serum Cys C concentration was increased at T5-T7 in group Ⅱ (P<0.05).Compared with group Ⅰ,serum fluoride concentrations were significantly increased at T1-6,serum Cr and BUN concentrations and serum and urine β2-MG concentrations were increased at T5,and serum Cys C concentrations at T5-T7 and urine β2-MG concentrations at T5 and T6 were increased in group Ⅱ (P<0.05).Conclusion Low-flow sevoflurane anesthesia produces no marked effect on early postoperative renal function in patients.

20.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 49-52, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-666191

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of the timing of radiotherapy on the prognosis of limited-stage small cell lung cancer (LS-SCLC) in the elderly. Methods A retrospective analysis was performed on the clinical data of 80 elderly patients with LS-SCLC who were treated with radical sequential thoracic chemoradiotherapy from 2008 to 2014.The correlations of SER(time from the start of any treatment to the end of radiotherapy) and the number of induction chemotherapy cycles with overall survival(OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) rates was analyzed. The treatment outcomes were compared between early radiotherapy group (no later than 3 cycles of induction chemotherapy,n=37) and late radiotherapy group (after 3 cycles of induction chemotherapy,n=43).The Kaplan-Meier method was used for survival analysis. Results In all patients,the median OS and PFS were 23.5 and 13.3 months respectively. SER was significantly correlated with OS and PFS (P=0.001;P=0.001).The median OS in patients undergoing radiotherapy after 2,3,4,5,and 6 cycles of induction chemotherapy was 33.2,26.7,20.6,16.9,and 17.9 months (P=0.000),respectively. The median OS time and 1-,2-,and 5-year OS rates were 27.8 months, 87%,62%,and 34%,respectively,in the early radiotherapy group,and 17.9 months,74%,37%,and 15%, respectively,in the late radiotherapy group (P=0.017).The median PFS time and 1-,2-,and 5-year PFS rates were 17.1 months,65%,43%,and 28%,respectively,in the early radiotherapy group,and 11.9 months,49%,21%,and 14%,respectively,in the late radiotherapy group( P= 0.022). Conclusions Shorter SER achieves better treatment outcomes in elderly patients with LS-SCLC undergoing sequential chemoradiotherapy. Early radiotherapy provides a survival benefit for patients.

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