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1.
Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control ; (6): 501-507, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1003608

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the sequences of internal transcribed spacer 2 (ITS2) and cyclooxygenase 1 (COX1) genes of Paragonimus metacercariae in freshwater crabs in Henan Province, identify the species of Paragonimus and evaluate its genetic relationships with Paragonimus isolates from other provinces in China. Methods Freshwater crabs were collected from 8 survey sites in Zhengzhou, Luoyang, Pingdingshan, Nanyang and Jiyuan cities of Henan Province from 2016 to 2021, and Paragonimus metacercariae were detected in freshwater crabs. Genomic DNA was extracted from Paragonimus metacercariae, and the ITS2 and COX1 genes were amplified using PCR assay, followed by sequencing of PCR amplification products. The gene sequences were spliced and aligned using the software DNASTAR, and aligned with the sequences of Paragonimus genes in the GenBank. Phylogenetic trees were created using the MEGA6 software with the Neighbor-Joining method based on ITS2 and COX1 gene sequences, with Fasciola hepatica as the outgroup. Results The detection rates of Paragonimus metacercariae were 6.83% (11/161), 50.82% (31/61), 18.52% (5/26), 8.76% (12/137), 14.29% (9/63), 17.76% (19/105), 18.50% (32/173) and 42.71% (41/96) in freshwater crabs from 8 survey sites in Zhengzhou, Luoyang, Pingdingshan, Nanyang and Jiyuan cities of Henan Province, with a mean detection rate of 19.46% (160/822), and a mean infection intensity of 0.57 metacercariae/g. The amplified ITS2 and COX1 gene fragments of Paragonimus were approximately 500 bp and 450 bp in lengths, respectively. The ITS2 gene sequences of Paragonimus metacercariae from 8 survey sites of Henan Province showed the highest homology (99.8% to 100.0%) with the gene sequence of P. skrjabini (GenBank accession number: MW960209.1), and phylogenetic analysis showed that the Paragonimus in this study was clustered into the same clade with P. skrjabini from Sichuan Province (GenBank accession number: AY618747.1), Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region (GenBank accession number: AY618729.1) and Hubei Province (GenBank accession number: AY618751.1), and P. miyazaki from Fujian Province (GenBank accession number: AY618741.1) and Japan (GenBank accession number: AB713405.1). The COX1 gene sequences of Paragonimus metacercariae from 8 survey sites of Henan Province showed the highest homology (90.0% to 100.0%) with the gene sequence of P. skrjabini (GenBank accession number: AY618798.1), and phylogenetic analysis showed that the Paragonimus in this study was clustered into the same clade with all P. skrjabini and clustered into the same sub-clade with P. skrjabini from Hubei Province (GenBank accession numbers: AY618782.1 and AY618764.1). Conclusions Paragonimus species from freshwater crabs in Henan Province were all characterized as P. skrjabini, and the ITS2 and COX1 gene sequences had the highest homology to those of P. skrjabini from Hubei Province. The results provide insights into study of Paragonimus in Henan Province and China.

2.
Chinese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology ; (12): 26-36, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992876

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the risk factors of adverse pregnancy outcomes for the diagnosis and treatment of pregnancy after cesarean section complicated with placenta previa.Methods:A national multicenter retrospective study was conducted to select a total of 747 pregnant women with the third trimester singleton pregnancy after cesarean section complicated with placenta previa from 12 tertiary hospitals in January 1st to December 31st, 2018. The risk factors of severe adverse outcomes [hysterectomy, intraoperative blood loss ≥1 000 ml, intraoperative diagnosis of placenta accreta spectrum disorders (PAS)] in pregnant women with second pregnancy complicated with placenta previa after cesarean section were investigated by logistic regression analysis. The roles of prenatal ultrasonography and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in the prediction of PAS and severe adverse outcomes were observed. According to whether vascular intervention was performed (uterine artery embolization or abdominal aortic balloon occlusion), the pregnant women were divided into the blocked group and the unblocked group, and the maternal and infant perinatal outcomes between the two groups were compared.Results:(1) General information: the hysterectomy rate of 747 pregnant women with second pregnancy complicated with placenta previa after cesarean section was 10.4% (78/747), the intraoperative blood loss ≥1 000 ml in 55.8% (417/747), and PAS was confirmed in 47.5% (355/747). The incidence of uterine rupture was 0.8% (6/747). (2) Analysis of risk factors for severe adverse outcomes: based on binary unconditioned logistic regression univariate and multivariate analysis, the risk factors for hysterectomy were the mode of vascular embolization and intraoperative blood loss. The probability of hysterectomy with uterine artery embolization was 5.319 times higher than that with abdominal aortic balloon occlusion (95% CI: 1.346-21.018). The risk factors of intraoperative blood loss ≥1 000 ml were the number of cesarean section delivery, ultrasonography indicated PAS and suspected PAS, intraoperative PAS and complete placenta previa. The risk factors for intraoperative PAS were uterine scar thickness, ultrasonography indicated PAS and suspected PAS, MRI indicated PAS and suspected PAS, and complete placenta previa. (3) The roles of ultrasonography and MRI in predicting PAS: the sensitivity and specificity of ultrasonography in predicting PAS were 47.5% and 88.4%; the kappa value was 0.279 ( P<0.001), with fair agreement. The sensitivity and specificity of MRI to predict PAS were 79.2% and 97.8%, respectively. The kappa value was 0.702 ( P<0.001), indicating a good agreement. The intraoperative blood loss and hysterectomy rate of pregnant women with PAS indicated by ultrasonography and MRI were significantly higher than those with PAS only by ultrasonography or MRI. (4) Influence of vascular occlusion on pregnancy outcome: there were no significant differences in intraoperative blood loss and incidence of intraoperative bleeding ≥1 000 ml between the blocked group and the unblocked group (all P>0.05). There was no significant difference in intraoperative blood loss between the pregnant women with abdominal aortic balloon occlusion, uterine artery embolization and those without occlusion ( P=0.409). The hysterectomy rate of pregnant women with uterine artery embolization was significantly higher than those with abdominal aortic balloon occlusion [39.3% (22/56) vs 10.0% (5/50), P=0.001]. Conclusions:In the third trimester of pregnancy with placenta previa after cesarean section, MRI examination has better consistency in predicting PAS than ultrasonography examination. Ultrasonography examination combined with MRI examination could effectively predict the hysterectomy rate and intraoperative blood loss. Vascular occlusion could not reduce the amount of intraoperative blood loss. The hysterectomy rate of pregnant women with uterine artery embolization is higher than those with abdominal aortic balloon occlusion.

3.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 344-350, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994839

ABSTRACT

Malformations of cortical development (MCD) describe malformation lesions which are characterized by abnormal cortical structure or presence of heterotopic grey matter, sometimes associated with abnormal brain size. Recent progress in understanding the genetics and epigenetics in brain malformations has been driven by extraordinary advances in DNA sequencing technologies and DNA methylation profiling. For example, somatic mosaic mutations that activate mammalian target of rapamycin signaling in cortical progenitor cells are now recognized as the main cause of some types of MCD. In this review, the classification and genetic etiologies of MCD, especially focal cortical dysplasia, are summarized.

4.
Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control ; (6): 646-653, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-953845

ABSTRACT

Echinococcosis is a zoonotic parasitic disease caused by Echinococcus infections, and this disorder may cause fibrosis of multiple vital organs, which may further progress into cirrhosis. Early-stage hepatic fibrosis is reversible, and unraveling the mechanisms underlying hepatic fibrosis induced by Echinococcus infections is of great significance for the prevention and treatment of early-stage hepatic fibrosis. Recently, the studies pertaining to hepatic fibrosis associated with Echinococcus infections focus on cytokines and immune cells. This review summarizes the advances in the mechanisms underlying host immune cells- and cytokines-mediated hepatic fibrosis in humans or mice following Echinococcus infections.

5.
The Korean Journal of Parasitology ; : 615-623, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-919300

ABSTRACT

Human sparganosis is a food-borne parasitic disease caused by the plerocercoids of Spirometra species. Clinical diagnosis of sparganosis is crucial for effective treatment, thus it is important to identify sensitive and specific antigens of plerocercoids. The aim of the current study was to identify and characterize the immunogenic proteins of Spirometra erinaceieuropaei plerocercoids that were recognized by patient sera. Crude soluble extract of the plerocercoids were separated using 2-dimensional gel electrophoresis coupled with immunoblot and mass spectrometry analysis. Based on immunoblotting patterns and mass spectrometry results, 8 antigenic proteins were identified from the plerocercoid. Among the proteins, cysteine protease protein might be developed as an antigen for diagnosis of sparganosis.

6.
Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control ; (6): 380-386, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886762

ABSTRACT

Objective To construct a cDNA library of Sparganum mansoni and immunoscreen antigen candidates for immunodiagnosis of sparganosis mansoni. Methods Total RNA was extracted from S. mansoni, and reversely transcribed into cDNA, which was ligated into the phage vector. These recombinant vectors were packaged in vitro to construct the SMART cDNA library of S. mansoni. Then, the cDNA library was immunoscreened with sera from patients with sparganosis mansoni to yield positive clones. The inserted fragments of positive clones were sequenced and subjected to homology analyses, and the structure and functions of the coding proteins were predicted. Results The SMATR cDNA library of S. mansoni was successfully constructed. The titer of the cDNA library was 6.25 × 106 pfu/mL, with a recombinant efficiency of 100%, and the mean length of the inserted fragments in the library was larger than 1 100 bp. A total of 12 positive clones were obtained by immunoscreening, and were categorized into Sm-I (Sm60-1), Sm-II (Sm58-1), Sm-III (Sm20-1) and Sm-IV (Sm22-3), with 1 134, 1 063, 883 bp and 969 bp long inserted fragments. Their coding proteins were highly homologous with the Spirometra erinaceieuropaei antigenic polypeptide, cytoplasmic antigen, ribosomal protein S4-like protein and unnamed protein product, respectively. Conclusions A SMART cDNA library of S. mansoni has been successfully constructed and 4 categories of positive clones have been identified, which provides a basis for further studies on diagnostic antigens for sparganosis mansoni.

7.
Chinese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology ; (12): 616-621, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910171

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the present situation of unintended pregnancy within two years postpartum and its influencing factors in China.Methods:Participants who delivered a live birth at 60 hospitals in 15 provinces in the eastern, central and western regions of China during July 2015 to June 2016 were interviewed by using structured questionnaire. Information on occurrence of unintended pregnancy within 2 years after delivery, postpartum contraceptive use, sexual resumption, breastfeeding, and women′s socio-demographic characteristics, and so on, were collected. Life-table analysis, cluster log-rank tests and a 2-level Cox regression model were used for data analysis.Results:A total of 18 045 postpartum women were investigated. The cumulative 1- and 2-year unintended pregnancy rates after delivery were 5.3% (95% CI: 4.5%-6.1%) and 13.1% (95% CI: 11.3%-14.8%), respectively. Cox regression model analysis showed that the risk of unintended pregnancy within 2 years postpartum were increased in younger women, ethnic minorities, women with abortion history, and those who had a vaginal delivery with short lactation time and late postpartum contraceptive initiation (all P<0.01). The risk of postpartum unintended pregnancy was not associated with geographic regions and hospitals where women gave a birth (all P>0.05). Conclusions:In China, the risk of unintended pregnancy within 2 years after delivery is relatively high. Service institutions and service providers should improve the quality of postpartum family planning services, promote the use of high effect contraceptive methods, and educate women to use a method at the time of their sexual resumption or even before.

8.
Chinese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology ; (12): 545-553, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910165

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the risk factors of adverse pregnancy outcomes for induced abortion of cesarean scar pregnancy in midtrimester.Methods:A national multicenter retrospective study was conducted. A total of 154 singletons pregnant women with cesarean scar pregnancy during the second trimester induced abortion by various reasons in 12 tertiary A hospitals were selected, their pregnant outcomes were observed and the risk factors of serious adverse outcomes were analyzed with univariate and multivariate logstic regression; the role of ultrasound and MRI in predicting placenta accreta and severe adverse outcomes was evaluated, the effectiveness of uterine artery embolization (UAE) in preventing hemorrhage in pregnant women with and without placenta accreta was compared.Results:Among 154 subjects, the rate of placenta accreta was 42.2% (65/154), the rate of postpartum hemorrhage≥1 000 ml was 39.0% (60/154), the rate of hysterectomy was 14.9% (23/154), the rate of uterine rupture was 0.6% (1/154). The risk factor of postpartum hemorrhage≥1 000 ml and hysterectomy was placenta accreta ( P<0.01). For each increase in the number of parity, the risk of placenta accreta increased 2.385 times (95% CI: 1.046-5.439; P=0.039); and the risk of placenta accreta decreased with increasing ultrasound measurement of scar myometrium thickness ( OR=0.033, 95% CI: 0.001-0.762; P=0.033). The amount of postpartum hemorrhage and hysterectomy rate in the group with placenta accreta diagnosed by ultrasound combined with MRI were not significantly different from those in the group with placenta accreta diagnosed by ultrasound only or MRI only (all P>0.05). For pregnant women with placenta accreta, there were no significant difference in the amount of bleeding and hysterectomy rate between the UAE group [median: 1 300 ml; 34% (16/47)] and the non-embolization group (all P>0.05); in pregnant women without placenta accreta, the amount of bleeding in the UAE group was lower than that in the non-embolization group (median: 100 vs 600 ml; P<0.01), but there was no significant difference in hysterectomy rate [2% (1/56) vs 9% (3/33); P>0.05]. Conclusions:(1) Placenta accreta is the only risk factor of postpartum hemorrhage≥1 000 ml with hysterectomy for induced abortion of cesarean scar pregnancy in midtrimester; multi-parity and ultrasound measurement of scar myometrium thickness are risk factors for placenta accreta. (2) The technique of using ultrasound and MRI in predicting placenta accreta of cesarean scar pregnancy needs to be improved. (3) It is necessary to discuss of UAE in preventing postpartum hemorrhage for induced abortion of cesarean scar pregnancy in midtrimester.

9.
Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control ; (6): 464-469, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904622

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish a nucleic acid assay for detection of Paragonimus skrjabini based on the recombinase-aided isothermal amplification (RAA) technique, and to preliminarily evaluate its detection efficiency. Methods The metacercariae of P. skrjabini, P. westermani and Euparagonimus cenocopiosus were isolated from crabs, and genomic DNA was extracted for molecular characterization. The cytochrome coxidase 1 (cox1) gene sequence of P. skrjabini was selected as the target gene fragment, and the primers and probes were designed, screened and synthesized for RAA assay. The genomic DNA of P. skrjabini metacercariae from Jiyuan City and Yiyang County of Luoyang City, Henan Province were used as templates for verification of the fluorescent RAA assay. The fluorescent RAA assay was performed to detect different concentrations of plasmids containing target gene fragment and P. skrjabini metacercariae genomic DNA to determine the sensitivity. Fluorescent RAA assay was performed with recombinant plasmids containing P. skrjabini cox1 gene sequences at different concentrations and P. skrjabini genomic DNA as templates to evaluate its sensitivity, and the genomic DNA of P. westermani, E. cenocopiosus, Clonorchis sinensis and Schistosoma japonicum was detected with fluorescent RAA assay to evaluate its specificity. Results P. skrjabini, P. westermani and E. cenocopiosus metacercariae were isolated from crabs, respectively. Molecular characterization and phylogenetic analysis confirmed their homology with the genes sequences of standard Paragonimus strains in GenBank. A fluorescent RAA assay was successfully established for nucleic acid detection of P. skrjabini, and the genomic DNA of P. skrjabini metacercariae from Jiyuan City and Yiyang County of Luoyang City, Henan Province was amplified using the fluorescent RAA assay within 5 min, while the negative control was not amplified. If the recombinant plasmid containing P. skrjabini cox1 gene sequences was used as templates, the fluorescent RAA assay showed the lowest detection limit of 10 copies/μL, and positive amplification was observed within 5 min. If genomic DNA was used as templates, the fluorescent RAA assay showed the lowest detection limit of 10 pg/μL, and all positive amplifications were found within 5 to 10 min. In addition, the fluorescent RAA assay was tested negative for P. westermani, E. cenocopiosus, C. sinensis and S. japonicum. Conclusions A rapid, sensitive and specific fluorescent RAA assay is successfully established for nucleic acid detection of P. skrjabini, which has potential values in rapid field detection and species identification in freshwater crabs in areas endemic for P. skrjabini.

10.
Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control ; (6): 95-101, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873756

ABSTRACT

Blastocystis is a unicellular, anaerobic, intestinal protozoan that infects humans and a variety of animals, which is widely prevalent across the world. Blastocystis infections have been detected in healthy populations, children, students, outpatients and inpatients, as well as diarrhea patients in China. High prevalence of Blastocystis infections has been reported in immunocompromised patients, and relatively high prevalence was seen in individuals living in Guangxi and Yunnan regions. Based on the small subunit ribosomal RNA (SSU rRNA) gene sequence, a total of 17 subtypes (ST1 to ST17) of Blastocystis have been characterized until now, among which ST1 to ST9 and ST12 infect humans and animals, and ST10 to ST17 only infect animals. In China, ST1 to ST3 are predominant human Blastocystis subtypes, and ST1/ST3, ST1/ST2 and ST2/ST3 mixed infections have been also identified. This review mainly describes the epidemiology and genotypes of Blastocystis in humans and animals in China.

11.
Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control ; (6): 489-497, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-829574

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the prevalence and risk factors of Blastocystis infections among primary school students in Jiangjin District, Chongqing City. Methods A cross-sectional questionnaire survey was conducted among students sampled from a primary school in Jiangjin District, Chongqing City on April, 2018, and their stool samples were collected for microscopic examinations, in vitro culture and PCR assays to analyze the prevalence of Blastocystis infections and subtype of the parasite. In addition, the risk factors of Blastocystis infections among primary school students were identified using univariate analysis and multivariate logistic regression analysis. Results A total of 466 primary students were surveyed, and the subjects had a mean age of (9.81±1.66) years and included 236 males (50.64%) and 230 females (49.36%). The prevalence of Blastocystis infections was 15.24% (71/466) among the study students, and there was no significance difference in the prevalence between male and fe- male students (16.52% vs. 13.91%; χ2 = 0.616, P = 0.433). In addition, there was a significant difference in the prevalence of Blastocystis infections among grade 1 (6.35%, 4/63), grade 2 (5.17%, 3/58), grade 3 (21.74%, 15/69), grade 4 (25.30%, 21/83), grade 5 (10.19%, 11/108) and grade 6 students (20.00%, 17/85) (χ2 = 15.410, P = 0.009). There were four Blastocystis subtypes characterized (ST1, ST3, ST6 and ST7), in which ST6 was the most common subtype (45.07%, 32/71), followed by ST3 (25.35%, 18/71). Multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed that minority ethnicity [odds ratio (OR) = 4.259, 95% confidential inter- val (CI) : (1.161, 15.621)] and low maternal education level (primary school and below) [OR = 9.038, 95% CI: (1.125, 72.642)] were identified as risk factors of Blastocystis infection among primary school students in Jiangjin District, Chongqing City. Conclusions There is a high prevalence of Blastocystis infections detected among primary school students in Jiangjin District, Chongqing City, and ST6 and ST3 are predominant subtypes. Minority ethnicity and low maternal education level (primary school and below) are risk factors for Blastocystis infections in primary school students.

12.
Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control ; (6): 168-173, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-821628

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish a rapid nucleic acid detection technique for identification of Echinococcus multilocularis based on the recombinase aided isothermal amplification assay (RAA) and assess its diagnostic efficiency. Methods The mitochondrial gene sequence of E. multilocularis (GenBank accession number: AB018440) was used as a target sequence. The primers were designed according to the RAA reaction principle and synthesized, and RAA was performed using the generated primers. E. multilocularis genomic DNA at various concentrations and the pMD19-T (Simple) vector containing various copies of the target gene fragment were amplified using RAA to evaluate its sensitivity for detection of E. multilocularis, and RAA was em- ployed to detect the genomic DNA of E. granulosus G1 genotype, Taenia saginata, T. asiatica, T. multiceps, Dipylidium caninum, Toxocara canis, Trichuris trichiura, Giardia lamblia, Fasciola hepatica, Paragonimus westermani, Fasciola gigantica and Clonorchis sinensis to evaluate its specificity. In addition, the optimized RAA was employed to detect nine tissue specimens of E. granulosus-infected animals, 3 fecal samples from E. granulosus-infected dogs and 2 fecal samples from field infected dogs to examine its reliability and feasibility. Results The established RAA was able to detect the specific target gene fragment of E. multilocularis within 40 min. The lowest detect limit of RAA was 10 pg if E. multilocularis genomic DNA served as a template. If the re- combinant plasmid was used as a template, the minimally detectable copy number of RAA was 104. In addition, RAA was nega- tive for the genomic DNA of E. granulosus G1 genotype, T. saginata, T. asiatica, T. multiceps, D. caninum, T. canis, T. trichiura, G. lamblia, F. hepatica, P. westermani, F. gigantica and C. sinensis. The established RAA was positive for detection of the tissue specimens of infected animals, and simulated and field dog stool samples. Conclusion A rapid, sensitive and specific RAA is established, which shows promising values in identification of E. multilocularis and gene diagnosis of alveolar echinococcosis.

13.
Chinese Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging ; (6): 647-652, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801111

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To assess the diagnostic values of 11C-methionine (MET) PET/CT semiquantitative parameters for detecting recurrence in patients who were diagnosed with suspicious recurrence by MRI after resection of supratentorial gliomas.@*Methods@#A total of 164 patients (107 males, 57 females, age 6-74 years; high-grade 94, low-grade 63, unclear 7) with supratentorial gliomas who underwent 11C-MET PET/CT between June 2015 and June 2017 in Beijing Tiantan Hospital were enrolled respectively. All patients were with suspicious recurrence after surgery showed by MRI and followed up for 6 months at least. The final diagnosis was determined with histopathological analysis or clinical follow-up. The maximum and mean standardized uptake value (SUVmax and SUVmean), tumor-to-background ratios (TBR) of SUVmax and SUVmean (TBRmax and TBRmean) were recorded and compared between patients with recurrence or without recurrence using independent-sample t test. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were drawn to determine the threshold, and the diagnostic sensitivity and specificity of each parameter were calculated.@*Results@#According to the clinical diagnosis, there were 139 patients with recurrence and 25 without recurrence. SUVmax, SUVmean, TBRmax and TBRmean were significantly higher for patients with recurrence than those without recurrence (4.19±1.95 vs 2.59±1.18, 2.34±1.08 vs 1.46±0.72, 2.95±1.17 vs 1.83±0.79, 2.64±1.11 vs 1.59±0.71; t values: 5.126-6.183, all P<0.01), but there was no difference in the areas under the ROC curve (AUC) for diagnosis of recurrence with the 4 parameters (z values: 0.265-1.674, all P>0.05), for which the optimal cut-off values were 3.05, 1.65, 1.96 and 1.79, respectively, and the corresponding sensitivities/specificities for the diagnosis of recurrence were 67.6%(94/139)/100%(25/25), 67.6%(94/139)/100%(25/25), 79.9%(111/139)/100%(25/25), 74.8%(104/139)/100%(25/25), respectively. Patients with (n=81) or without (n=13) recurrence had different semiquantitative parameters in high-grade glioma group (t values: 5.137-5.871, all P<0.01), and the AUC for TBRmean was greater than that for SUVmean (0.858 vs 0.802; z=1.982, P<0.05). Patients with (n=54) or without (n=9) recurrence in low-grade glioma group showed significant difference in the 4 parameters (t values: 2.730-7.009, all P<0.01), while the AUCs of the 4 parameters were not significantly different (z values: 0.444-1.407, all P>0.05). Among 37 patients with recurrence confirmed by pathology, there were no significant differences in the semiquantitative parameters between the high-grade and low-grade glioma groups and AUCs were not different either (t values: 1.387-1.937, z values: 0.106-1.752, all P>0.05).@*Conclusions@#Semiquantitative parameters of 11C-MET PET/CT are equally accurate in the differentiation of recurrence from radiation injury in patients with gliomas, while TBRmean was superior than SUVmean in patients with the high-grade gliomas. Among the patients with recurrence confirmed by pathology, the value of the semiquantitative parameter is limited for the identification of high- and low- grade gliomas.

14.
Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control ; (6): 300-306, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-704280

ABSTRACT

Objective To understand the changes in body weight,spleen weight and complete blood cells in BALB/c mice infected with Babesia microti.Methods For the infection group,six weeks old BALB/c mice were injected intraperitoneally with a dose of 100μL of B.microti infected blood(20%RBC infection rate,each mouse).For the determination of the progres-sion of B.microti infection up to 28 days of the infection,the microscopic visualization of thin blood smears of tail blood stained with Giemsa staining was performed in the infection group.The experiment was carried out at different intervals on days 0,7,14,21,and 28 after the infection,respectively.The mice were sacrificed,and spleens were collected and weighed,and the body weight of the mice was also determined.The blood cells of the mice were analyzed by using Mindray BC-5300 Vet animal automatic hematology analyzer.Results On the first day after the infection,B.microti was visualized in RBC of the infection group.The significantly highest infection rate(55%)appeared on the seventh day of the infection,and then steadily decreased;the mice attained the latent infection phase on the 28th day post-infection,when the parasite could not be visualized in the pe-ripheral blood.The mice in the infected group acquired a significantly lowest body weight on the 7th day of the infection,and then gradually returned to normal.The weight of the spleen was the significantly highest on the 14th day of the infection,and then consistently decreased.On the 28th day of infection,the spleen weight was still higher than that of the control group.There were no significant changes in the number of white blood cells(WBC),lymphocytes,and eosinophils in the infected mice;and altered levels were all within the normal mouse reference range.The number of red blood cells,hemoglobin,and platelet count in the infected mice were decreased to the lowest level when the B.microti infection rate achieved to the highest,and then gradu-ally returned to the normal levels.Conclusions B.microti infection can cause body weight loss,splenic weight gain,and re-duction in the number of erythrocytes and platelets in whole blood of the mice.Besides,the whole blood cell analyzer has a diag-nostic significance in the identification of babesiosis.

15.
Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control ; (6): 47-53, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-704223

ABSTRACT

Objective To predict the monthly reported echinococcosis cases in China with the autoregressive integrated mov-ing average(ARIMA)model,so as to provide a reference for prevention and control of echinococcosis. Methods SPSS 24.0 software was used to construct the ARIMA models based on the monthly reported echinococcosis cases of time series from 2007 to 2015 and 2007 to 2014,respectively,and the accuracies of the two ARIMA models were compared. Results The model based on the data of the monthly reported cases of echinococcosis in China from 2007 to 2015 was ARIMA(1,0,0)(1,1, 0)12,the relative error among reported cases and predicted cases was-13.97%,AR(1)=0.367(t=3.816,P<0.001),SAR (1)=-0.328(t=-3.361,P=0.001),and Ljung-Box Q=14.119(df=16,P=0.590).The model based on the data of the monthly reported cases of echinococcosis in China from 2007 to 2014 was ARIMA(1,0,0)(1,0,1)12,the relative error among reported cases and predicted cases was 0.56%,AR(1)=0.413(t=4.244,P<0.001),SAR(1)=0.809(t=9.584, P<0.001),SMA(1)=0.356(t=2.278,P=0.025),and Ljung-Box Q=18.924(df=15,P=0.217).Conclusions The different time series may have different ARIMA models as for the same infectious diseases.It is needed to be further verified that the more data are accumulated,the shorter time of predication is,and the smaller the average of the relative error is.The estab-lishment and prediction of an ARIMA model is a dynamic process that needs to be adjusted and optimized continuously accord-ing to the accumulated data,meantime,we should give full consideration to the intensity of the work related to infectious diseas-es reported(such as disease census and special investigation).

16.
Chinese Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging ; (6): 680-684, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-667014

ABSTRACT

Objective To prepare a novel dual-modality imaging probe based on Cerasome nano-materials, and evaluate its in vivo biodistribution and pharmacokinetic properties. Methods ICG encapsu-lated Cerasome was modified with chelating agent DOTA for 111 In-labeling. Normal mice firstly were used for in vivo studies. Animals were sacrificed at different time points after tail vein administration, blood samples were taken and the organs of interest were captured to evaluate the pharmacokinetic properties and in vivo biodistribution of 111 In-ICG-DPDCs. The subcutaneous Lewis lung carcinoma ( LLC ) tumor model in C57BL/6 mouse was established. The tumor-bearing mice were subjected to optical imaging in small animal IVIS and SPECT imaging in small animal nanoScanSPECT/CT system for tumor uptake of 111 In-ICG-DPDCs. Results The size of the nanoparticle probe was about 90 nm, and the 111 In-labeling was successfully per-formed with 99.93% radiochemical purity after purification. 111 In-ICG-DPDCs showed excellent in vitro sta-bility with 97.10% radiochemical purity at 48 h post-purification. In vivo blood clearance experiments showed that 111 In-ICG-DPDCs had a relative long blood circulation time with the fast and slow phase half-lives of 40 and 132.7 min. 111In-ICG-DPDCs accumulated mainly in the liver and spleen, with long retention time. NanoScanSPECT/CT imaging showed that LLC tumors were significantly visualized at 4 h post-injection, and the other major accumulated organs were the liver and spleen, which were consistent with the results of biodistribution. Optical imaging showed significant uptake of the nanoparticle probe in the tumor, confirming the SPECT imaging results. Conclusion The Cerasome based probe designed could be used for tumor SPECT and optical dual-modality imaging, and has potential for therapeutic use.

17.
Chinese Journal of Experimental and Clinical Virology ; (6): 525-529, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-808825

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the molecular epidemiological characteristics of Human Calicivirus (HuCV) infection among children less than 5 years in Kunming city, Yunnan province, it might be provide effective evident for prevention and control the diarrhea related with HuCV infection.@*Methods@#Four sentinel hospitals were recruited in the study from Kunming city, Yunnan province, 850 diarrhea cases and 170 non-diarrhea subject were recruited in this study from 2014 to 2015. RT-PCR was performed to screen HuCV infection, and gene sequencing was used to ensure positive infection subtypes and genotypes.@*Results@#The positive rate of HuCV was higher in children with diarrhea than in non-diarrhea children (11.5%, 98/85; 4.7%, 8/170, χ2=7.083, P=0.008), and the positive rate of Norovirus (NoV) GII was higher in non-diarrhea children were (11.1%, 94/85; 4.7%, 8/170, χ2=6.353, P=0.012). There was no significant difference in the positive rate of NoV GI (0.1%, 1/850; 0.0%, 0/170, P=0.833) and Sappovirus (0.4%, 3/850; 0.0%, 0/170, P=0.578) in diarrhea children and non-diarrhea children. GII.P4 (10%, n=102) was the most important genotype of NoV GII detected in diarrhea and non-diarrhea individuals. Despite no significant difference in Norovirus GII infection between different age groups (χ2=0.038, P=0.846) and sex(χ2=0.620, P=0.733), infection rate of NoV GII varied with season (χ2=9.867, P=0.020), having close relationship with diarrhea in autumn (15.6%), primarily caused by GII.4 and GII.12 genotype (χ2=8.881, P=0.031; χ2=7.917, P=0.039).@*Conclusions@#NoV GII diarrhea had higher epidemic rate, which was caused by multiple genotypes, GII.P4 was a dominant genotype, and was a major pathogenic agent of diarrhea in infants f in Kunming city.

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Chinese Journal of Experimental and Clinical Virology ; (6): 121-126, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-808149

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze the infectious status and etiological characteristics of rotavirus A (RVA) from children less than five years old in the Kunming city of Yunnan province from July 2014 to June 2015, to provide basic data and methodological references for the disease surveillance, and controling outbreak cases investigations as well as vaccine research and development.@*Methods@#Stool samples were collected from 1 121 diarrhea cases and 319 healthy controls in four sentinel hospitals and transported to laboratory. Two-step reverse transcriptional polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) was used to detect the presence of RVA in each stool specimen. Suspicious positive specimens of gel electrophoresis was further sequenced to make definite diagnosis of RVA infection. Each RVA positive stool specimen was confirmed with sequencing which was conducted the semi-nested multiplex RT-PCR to detect six G genotypes and six P genotypes.@*Results@#Total 244 samples from the 1 212 diarrhea patients were detected positive for RVA and the total positive rate was 21.8%. G typing of group A rotavirus mainly showed G9(66.4%, n=156), G3(18.7%, n=44), G1(8.9%, n=21)and G8(1.7%, n=4). P typing mainly showed P[8](92.8%, n=218)and P[4](4.7%, n=11); G/P combination genotypes were composed mainly of G9P[8](57.0%, n=134), G3P[8](18.3%, n=43) and G1P[8](8.9%, n=21). The detection rate of RVA in diarrhea patients had obvious seasonal distribution (χ2=46.3, P<0.001), with the prevalent peak in winter (31.2%), and the seasonal distribution of G9P[8](χ2=27.3, P<0.001), G1P[8](χ2=8.2, P<0.039)and G3P[8](χ2=10.2, P<0.042) had strong seasonal pattern with a peak in winter equally. In the subjects under five years, the detection rate of G9P[8](14.9%, 2.9%, χ2=18.1, P<0.001) and G3P[8](4.4%, 0.5%, χ2=5.6, P<0.018) from diarrhea cases were higher than that of in healthy controls, respectively.@*Conclusion@#There existed rather high infection rate of RVA in acute diarrhea cases in Yunnan province, which can be divided into a variety of genotypes, G9P[8]was the dominant genotype.

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Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control ; (6): 436-440,458, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-615606

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the application of autoregressive integrated moving average(ARIMA)model to predict the monthly reported malaria cases in China,so as to provide a reference for prevention and control of malaria. Methods SPSS 24.0 software was used to construct the ARIMA models based on the monthly reported malaria cases of the time series of 2006-2015 and 2011-2015,respectively. The data of malaria cases from January to December,2016 were used as validation data to compare the accuracy of the two ARIMA models. Results The models of the monthly reported cases of malaria in China were ARIMA(2,1,1)(1,1,0)12 and ARIMA(1,0,0)(1,1,0)12 respectively. The comparison between the predictions of the two models and actual situation of malaria cases showed that the ARIMA model based on the data of 2011-2015 had a higher ac-curacy of forecasting than the model based on the data of 2006-2015 had. Conclusion The establishment and prediction of ARIMA model is a dynamic process,which needs to be adjusted unceasingly according to the accumulated data,and in addi-tion,the major changes of epidemic characteristics of infectious diseases must be considered.

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Chinese Journal of Zoonoses ; (12): 583-587, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-611864

ABSTRACT

We discussed the influence of liquid nitrogen cryopreservation to survive capability of Babesia microti standard strain.The whole blood of mice infected with Babesia microti was put in liquid nitrogen to cryopreservation for 1 month,3 months,6 months,9 months,the whole blood was get out respectively and recovery at room temperature,and infected 3 mice respectively,100 μL/ mouse (the first generation after redissolution,the experiment group).In the same time,3 mice were also infected with Babesia microti as the animal conservation control group.When the infection rate was at a high level,the whole blood of the experiment group mice were injected into 3 normal BALB/c mice (the second generation after redissolution),to observe the changes of the Babesia microti form and proliferation situation,and also to observe the infection rate of the first and the second generation after redissolution in different conserving time.Compared with Babesia microti of animal subcultivation,the form of Babesia microti of liquid nitrogen cryopreservation changed a little.Small trophozoites,annular trophozoites,schizont and immature and mature merozoite and other form can also be seen.Compared with Babesia microti of animal subcultivation,the first time to see the worms and the time attaining to the high infection level were 1 to 2 days later,but for the second generation after redissolution,it is the same.There was no significant difference in different conserving time of 1,3,6,9 months.The influence of liquid nitrogen cryopreservation to survive capability and worm form of Babesia microti is a little,so liquid nitrogen cryopreservation can be a better way to conserving Babesia microti.

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