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1.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 140-148, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1016473

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveThe correlation of Pueraria lobata producing areas, climate factors, total flavonoids of P. lobata, polysaccharide content of P. lobata, and antioxidant activity of P.lobata for medicinal application was analyzed, and the relationship between climate factors and the formation of P. lobata quality was evaluated. MethodThe scavenging rates of 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl radical 2,2-diphenyl-1-(2,4,6-trinitrophenyl)hydrazyl(DPPH) and 2, 2'-azino-bis(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid)(ABTS) radicals by total flavonoids and polysaccharides of P. lobata were detected, and the correlation between the contents of each component and the information of producing areas and climate factors was analyzed. ResultThe ABTS+ scavenging rate by total flavonoids of P.lobata was negatively correlated with altitude (P<0.05) and positively correlated with annual sunshine hours (P<0.05). The altitude was positively correlated with the total flavonoid content, while the annual sunshine hours were negatively correlated with the total flavonoid content. There was a negative correlation between total flavonoid content and ABTS+ scavenging rate by total flavonoids. In other words, lower altitude and longer annual sunshine hours indicated lower total flavonoid content and higher ABTS+ scavenging rate by total flavonoids. The ABTS+ scavenging rate by polysaccharides of P. lobata was negatively correlated with the frost-free period (P<0.05) and the mean temperature in July (P<0.01). There was a positive correlation between the polysaccharide content of P. lobata and the frost-free period. The mean temperature in July was positively correlated with the polysaccharide content of P. lobata (P<0.05). The polysaccharide content of P. lobata was negatively correlated with the ABTS+ scavenging rate by polysaccharides of P. lobata. In other words, a shorter frost-free period in the producing area and lower mean temperature in July indicated lower polysaccharide content of P. lobata and higher ABTS+ scavenging rate by polysaccharides of P. lobata. The mean temperature in July was significantly correlated with the contents of total flavonoids and polysaccharides in P. lobata samples (P<0.05). The lower mean temperature in July was often accompanied by lower total flavonoid content of P. lobata, lower polysaccharide content of Pueraria lobata, and stronger antioxidant activity of P. lobata samples. ConclusionThe ability of P. lobata to remove ABTS+ is stronger than that of DPPH+. There is a significant correlation between climate factors, content, and antioxidant capacity in each producing area. Further research on the internal law of the formation of medicinal active components of P. lobata induced by core climate factors will provide a scientific basis for revealing the formation mechanism of genuine P. lobata and the subsequent control of P. lobata quality according to the environment of producing areas.

2.
Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 552-557, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986926

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze and compare the efficacy and safety of pingyangmycin fibrin glue composite (PFG) and pingyangmycin dexamethasone composite (PD) in the treatment of pharyngolaryngeal venous malformation (VM). Methods: The clinical data of 98 patients with pharyngolaryngeal VM who underwent sclerotherapy with pingyangmycin composite in the First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University from June 2013 to November 2022 were retrospectively analyzed. According to their treatment, patients were divided into PFG group (n=34) and PD group (n=64), among those patients there were 54 males and 44 females, aged 1-77(37.06±18.86)years. The lesion size, total treatment times and adverse events were recorded before and after treatment. And the efficacy was divided into three grades: recovery, effective and invalid. According to the length of VM, all patients were divided into three subgroups, to compare the differences in efficacy and treatment times between each two groups.And finally the adverse events and their treatments were analyzed. SPSS 25.0 software was used for statistical analysis. Results: The efficacy of PFG group was 94.11%(32/34), the recovery rate was 85.29%(29/34).And the efficacy of PD group was 93.75%(60/64), the recovery rate was 64.06%(41/64). No serious adverse eventst occurred in subgroup comparison, there was no statistical difference between the two groups in efficacy and the times of treatments when the length was≤3 cm (Zefficacy=1.04, ttreatment times=2.18, P>0.05); when the length was 3-5 cm, there was no significant efficacy difference between the two groups(Zefficacy=1.17, P>0.05), but the treatment times of PFG were less (ttreatment times=4.87, P<0.01); when the length≥5 cm, efficacy of PFG was significantly better than PD (Zefficacy=2.94, P<0.01), and had fewer treatments times (ttreatment times=2.16, P<0.01). There were no serious adverse events in either group during treatment and follow-up. Conclusion: Both PFG and PD are safe and effective composite sclerotherapy agent for the treatment of laryngeal VM, but PFG has a higher cure rate and fewer treatment times for massive lesions.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Fibrin Tissue Adhesive/therapeutic use , Retrospective Studies , Bleomycin/adverse effects , Vascular Malformations/therapy , Dexamethasone/therapeutic use , Treatment Outcome
3.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 459-466, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986814

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the clinicopathological features, treatment strategy and to analysis of prognosis-related risk factors of gastric neuroendocrine neoplasms(G-NEN). Methods: In this study, a retrospective observational study method was used to collect the clinicopathological data of patients diagnosed with G-NEN by pathological examination in the First Medical Center of PLA General Hospital from January 2000 to December 2021. The basic information of the patients, tumor pathological characteristics, and treatment methods were entered, and the treatment information and survival data after discharge were followed up and recorded. The Kaplan-Meier method was used to construct survival curves, and the log-rank test to analyze the differences in survival between groups. Cox Regression model analysis of risk factors affecting the prognosis of G-NEN patients. Results: Among the 501 cases confirmed as G-NEN, 355 were male and 146 were female, and their median age was 59 years. The cohort comprised 130 patients (25.9%) of neuroendocrine tumor (NET) G1, 54 (10.8%) of NET G2, 225 (42.9%) of neuroendocrine carcinoma (NEC), and 102 cases (20.4%) of mixed neuroendocrine-non-neuroendocrine(MiNEN). Patients NET G1 and NET G2 were mainly treated by endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) and endoscopic mucosal resection (EMR). The main treatment for patients with NEC/MiNEN was the same as that for gastric malignancies, namely radical gastrectomy+lymph node dissection supplemented with postoperative chemotherapy. There were significant differences in sex, age, maximum tumor diameter, tumor morphology, tumor numbers, tumor location, depth of invasion, lymph node metastasis, distant metastasis, TNM staging and expression of immunohistological markers Syn and CgA among NET, NEC, and MiNEN patients (all P<0.05). Further for NET subgroup analysis, there were significant differences between NET G1 and NET G2 in the maximum tumor diameter, tumor shape and depth of invasion(all P<0.05). 490 patients (490/501, 97.8%) were followed up with a median of 31.2 months. 163 patients had a death during follow-up (NET G1 2, NET G2 1, NEC 114, MiNEN 46). For NET G1, NET G2, NEC and MiNEN patients,the 1-year overall survival rates were 100%, 100%, 80.1% and 86.2%, respectively; the 3-year survival rates were 98.9%, 100%, 43.5% and 55.1%, respectively. The differences were statistically significant (P<0.001). Univariate analysis showed that gender, age, smoking history, alcohol history, tumor pathological grade, tumor morphology, tumor location, tumor size, lymph node metastasis, distant metastasis, and TNM stage were associated with the prognosis of G-NEN patients (all P<0.05). Multivariate analysis showed that age ≥60 years, pathological grade of NEC and MiNEN, distant metastasis, and TNM stage III-IV were independent factors influencing the survival of G-NEN patients (all P<0.05). 63 cases were stage IV at initial diagnosis. 32 of these were treated with surgery and 31 with palliative chemotherapy. Stage IV subgroup analysis showed that the 1-year survival rates were 68.1% and 46.2% in the surgical treatment and palliative chemotherapy groups, respectively, and the 3-year survival rates were 20.9% and 10.3%, respectively; the differences were statistically significant (P=0.016). Conclusions: G-NEN is a heterogeneous group of tumors. Different pathological grades of G-NEN have different clinicopathological features and prognosis. Factors such as age ≥ 60 years old, pathological grade of NEC/MiNEN, distant metastasis, stage III, IV mostly indicate poor prognosis of patients. Therefore, we should improve the ability of early diagnosis and treatment, and pay more attention to patients with advanced age and NEC/MiNEN. Although this study concluded that surgery improves the prognosis of advanced patients more than palliative chemotherapy, the value of surgical treatment for patients with stage IV G-NEN remains controversial.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Stomach Neoplasms/pathology , Lymphatic Metastasis , Prognosis , Neuroendocrine Tumors/pathology , Carcinoma, Neuroendocrine/therapy , Neoplasm Staging , Retrospective Studies
4.
Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases ; (12): 314-316, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986037

ABSTRACT

Pneumoconiosis is characterized by chronic lung inflammation and fibrosis, and inflammation can promote pulmonary fibrosis, which in turn leads to pneumoconiosis. When a large shadow with a long diameter of not less than 2 cm and a short diameter of not less than 1 cm appears in the lung, it can be classified as stage Ⅲ pneumoconiosis. This paper reports a case of stage Ⅲ pneumoconiosis with a large shadow in the upper right lung accompanied by burr-like changes misdiagnosed as lung cancer by CT examination.When the large shadow lesions in patients with pneumoconiosis and lung cancer are difficult to distinguish on CT, an additional MRI examination, particularly T(2)W imaging sequence is useful sequence for identifying the two.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pneumoconiosis/pathology , Lung/pathology , Lung Neoplasms/pathology , Pulmonary Fibrosis/pathology , Diagnostic Errors
5.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 407-414, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984667

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the percentage of in-use electronic sphygmomanometers independently validated clinically in China. Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional survey and Beijing, Shenzhen, Shijiazhuang, Datong, and Shihezi were selected according to the geographical location and economic level. In each site, one tertiary hospital, two community health centers, and 20 families with electronic sphygmomanometers in use were chosen. The information of electronic sphygmomanometers including brand, model, manufacturer and production date were obtained by the trained staff. Ten electronic sphygmomanometers from each hospital, five electronic sphygmomanometers from each community health center, and one electronic sphygmomanometer from each family were surveyed, and the user's subjective judgment results and judgment basis on the accuracy of the electronic sphygmomanometer measurement were collected. We searched six registration websites (Medaval, Stride BP, dabl Educational Trust, British and Irish Hypertension Society, American Medical Association and Hypertension Canada) and two research databases (PubMed and CNKI) for the clinical validation status of each electronic sphygmomanometer. Results: A total of 200 electronic sphygmomanometers were investigated in this study, of which only 29.0% (58/200) passed independent clinical validation. When stratified by users, the percentage of being clinical validated was 46.0% (23/50) for electronic sphygmomanometers in hospitals, 42.0% (21/50) for those in community health centers and 14.0% (14/100) for those in home use, respectively, and the proportions between the three groups were significantly difference (P<0.001). Doctors in tertiary hospitals and community health service centers judged the accuracy of electronic sphygmomanometers mainly on the basis of "regular correction" (41.0% (41/100)) and "comparison with other electronic sphygmomanometers" (20.0% (20/100)), while among home users, 41.0% (41/100) were not clear about the accuracy of electronic sphygmomanometers, and 40.0% (40/100) made the judgment by "comparison with the devices in hospitals". Conclusion: The clinical validation of in-use electronic sphygmomanometers in China is low. Most of users, including healthcare professionals, are not aware of clinical validation of electronic sphygmomanometers.


Subject(s)
Humans , Blood Pressure Determination , Cross-Sectional Studies , Sphygmomanometers , Hypertension/diagnosis , China , Electronics , Blood Pressure
6.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 6613-6623, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008860

ABSTRACT

The evaluation of germplasm resources is the prerequisite for the development, utilization, and conservation of Chinese medicinal resources. The selection of excellent germplasm is the key to the breeding and orderly production of Pinellia ternata. In this study, 21 germplasm materials of P. ternata from major production areas in China were collected and analyzed for population diversity after phenotypic preliminary screening. The results have revealed that the P. ternata population has abundant phenotypic variation, and the phenotypic changes could be divided into five phenotypes in terms of organ trait variation. Further analysis of variation in 20 quantitative traits of the population revealed that the coefficient of variation for adenosine content(339.05%) was the largest, while the coefficient of variation for the underground plant height(16.35%) was the smallest. Correlation analysis showed that there was a strong correlation among various traits, with 52 pairs of traits showing highly significant correlation(P<0.01) and 19 pairs of traits showing a significant correlation(P<0.05). The 21 germplasms in the test could be classified into three major clusters by cluster analysis, with Cluster Ⅱ having the highest number and content of nucleosides, making it suitable for the selection and breeding of P. ternata varieties with high content of nucleosides. The yield in Cluster Ⅲ was higher than that in other groups, making it suitable for the selection and breeding of P. ternata varieties with a high yield. All trait indicators could be simplified into five principal component factors through principal component analysis, and the cumulative contribution rate was up to 86.04%. Further, comprehensive analysis using membership function and stepwise regression analysis identified nine traits, such as plant height, main leaf length, and underground plant height as characteristic indicators for the comprehensive evaluation of germplasm resources of P. ternata. BX007, BX008, and BX005 were identified as germplasms with both high yield and high uridine content, with BX007 having the highest uridine content of 479.51 μg·g~(-1). It belonged to the germplasm of P. ternata with double bulbils and could be cultivated as a potential good variety. Based on the phenotypic classification of P. ternata, systematic resource evaluation was carried out in this study, which could lay a foundation for the excavation of genetic resources and the breeding of new varieties of P. ternata.


Subject(s)
Plants, Medicinal , Pinellia/genetics , Plant Breeding , Phenotype , Uridine
7.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 5162-5171, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008714

ABSTRACT

This study aims to investigate the impact of the invasive pest Corythucha marmorata on the growth and quality of Artemi-sia argyi. The signs of insect damage at the cultivation base of A. argyi in Huanggang, Hubei were observed. The pests were identified based on morphological and molecular evidence. The pest occurrence pattern and damage mechanism were investigated. Electron microscopy, gas chromatography-mass spectrometry(GC-MS), and high performance liquid chromatography(HPLC) were employed to analyze the microstructure, volatile oils, and flavonoid content of the pest-infested leaves. C. marmorata can cause destructive damage to A. argyi. Small decoloring spots appeared on the leaf surface at the initial stage of infestation. As the damage progressed, the spots spread along the leaf veins and aggregated into patches, causing yellowish leaves and even brownish yellow in the severely affected areas. The insect frequently appeared in summer because it thrives in hot dry conditions. After occurrence on the leaves, microscopic examination revealed that the front of the leaves gradually developed decoloring spots, with black oily stains formed by the black excrement attaching to the glandular hairs. The leaf flesh was also severely damaged, and the non-glandular hairs were broken, disor-ganized, and sticky. The content of neochlorogenic acid, cryptochlorogenic acid, isochlorogenic acids A and B, hispidulin, jaceosidin, and eupatilin at the early stage of infestation was significantly higher than that at the middle stage, and the content decreased at the last stage of infestation. The content of eucalyptol, borneol, terpinyl, and caryophyllin decreased in the moderately damaged leaves and increased in the severely damaged leaves. C. marmorata was discovered for the first time on A. argyi leaves in this study, and its prevention and control deserves special attention. The germplasm materials resistant to this pest can be used to breed C. marmorata-resis-tant A. argyi varieties.


Subject(s)
Artemisia/chemistry , Plant Breeding , Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry , Oils, Volatile/analysis , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Plant Leaves/chemistry
8.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 4381-4393, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008692

ABSTRACT

This study developed an optimal pre-processing technique for the reference substance of the classic formula Gualou Xiebai Banxia Decoction(GXBD) and established a comprehensive quality control method for GXBD reference substance to provide a reference for its overall quality evaluation. The authors prepared 15 batches of GXBD samples and innovatively used the extracted ion chromatogram under the base peak chromatogram mode to establish a liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry(LC-MS) fingerprint, identify characteristic peaks, and perform quantitative analysis of indicator components. The yield of the 15 batches of GXBD samples ranged from 50.28% to 76.20%. In the positive ion mode, 12 common characteristic peaks were detected in the LC-MS fingerprint, and the structures of five common peaks were identified by comparison with reference standards. The similarity between the fingerprint profiles of different batches of samples and the reference fingerprint profile ranged from 0.920 to 0.984. Finally, liquid chromatography-triple quadrupole mass spectrometry(LC-QQQ/MS) in multiple reaction monitoring(MRM) mode was used to determine the content of eight indicator components in GXBD, including loliolide, chrysoeriol, rutin, cucurbitacin D, macrostemonoside Ⅰ, 25S-timosaponin B Ⅱ, 25R-timosaponin B Ⅱ, and peptide proline-tryptophan-valine-proline-glycine(PWVPG). The method established in this study can reduce matrix interference in the compound, and it has good accuracy, stability, and practical value. It effectively reflects the quality attributes of GXBD samples and can be used for the comprehensive quality control of GXBD.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, Liquid , Tandem Mass Spectrometry/methods , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/chemistry , Proline , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid/methods
9.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 4959-4966, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008665

ABSTRACT

The suitable habitat for the endangered and valuable medicinal herb Panax ginseng is gradually decreasing. It is crucial to investigate its suitable growing areas in China for global protection and sustainable utilization of P. ginseng. In this study, 371 distribution points of P. ginseng were collected, and 21 environmental factors were used as ecological indicators. The geographic information system for global medicinal plants(GMPGIS) system, MaxEnt model, and Thiessen polygon method were used to analyze the potential suitable areas for P. ginseng globally. The results showed that the key environmental variables affecting P. ginseng were precipitation in the hottest quarter(Bio18) and the coefficient of temperature seasonality(Bio4). The suitable habitats for P. ginseng were mostly located in the "One Belt, One Road" countries such as China, Japan, South Korea, North Korea, and Russia. The highly suitable habitats were mainly distributed along mountain ranges in southeastern Shandong, southern Shanxi and Shaanxi, northern Jiangsu, and northwestern Henan of China. Data analysis indicated that the current P. ginseng planting sites were all in high suitability zones, and the Thiessen polygon results showed that the geographic locations of P. ginseng production companies were unbalanced and urgently needed optimization. This study provides data support for P. ginseng planting site selection, scientific introduction, production layout, and long-term development planning.


Subject(s)
Panax , Ecosystem , China , Geographic Information Systems , Temperature , Plants, Medicinal
10.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 82-85, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-988957

ABSTRACT

Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is the most common subtype of acute leukemia in adults with significant heterogeneity. Among hematological malignancies, targeted therapy for AML comes relatively late. Although traditional chemotherapy is still an indispensable part of AML treatment, more and more small molecule targeted drugs have been used in recent years since 2017. This article reviews the progress of small molecule targeted drugs for AML at the 64th American Society of Hematology annual meeting.

11.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 291-298, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996228

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the differential expression of brain-expressed X-linked (BEX) family genes in pan-cancer and its value in diagnosis and prognosis of pan-cancer.Methods:RNA sequencing (RNA-seq) data, survival data, immune subtypes, the stem cell scores based on RNA and DNA methylation of 33 different tumors from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database were downloaded from the online database of University of California, Santa Cruz (UCSC Xena) on April 10, 2022. The limma package of R software (V.4.2.0) was used to analyze the expression of BEX family genes in the TCGA database. The differential expression of BEX family genes in pan-cancer tissues and normal tissues was compared by using Wilcox test. Pan-cancer patients were divided into high expression group and low expression group according to the median expression level of BEX family genes; Kaplan-Meier survival analysis was used to evaluate the relationship between the expression of BEX family genes and the overall survival (OS) of patients; Cox proportional risk model was used to analyze the effect of the expression of BEX family genes on OS in pan-cancer patients and then the forest map was drawn. The correlation of the expression of BEX family genes with tumor microenviroment and tumor stem cells in pan-cancer patients was analyzed based on the correlation index Cor value. Spearman correlation analysis was used to analyze the correlation between the expression of BEX family genes and tumor microenviroment and cancer stem cell index in gastric cancer tissues. The RNA-seq of different tumor cell lines and drug sensitivity data download from the CellMiner database were used to analyze the correlation between the expression of BEX family genes and drug sensitivity. The correlation of pan-cancer and gastric cancer immune subtypes with the expression of BEX family genes was analyzed by using Kruskal test.Results:BEX3 was highly expressed in pan-cancer tissues in TCGA database, BEX2 and BEX4 were moderately expressed in pan-cancer tissues, and BEX1 and BEX5 were relatively low expressed in pan-cancer tissues. The expressions of BEX2, BEX3 and BEX4 were the highest in cholangiocarcinoma, the expression of BEX5 was the highest in endometrial neoplasms, and the expression of BEX1 was the highest in invasive breast cancer. Compared with normal tissue samples, the expressions of BEX family genes were up-regulated or down-regulated in various cancers (all P < 0.05). Survival analysis showed that the expressions of BEX family genes were associated with the OS of various cancers. Some tumor patients with high expressions of BEX1, BEX3, BEX4 and BEX5 had better OS compared with those with low expressions, and the differences were statistically significant (all P < 0.05). Other patients with high expression of BEX family genes had worse OS compared with those with low expressions, and the differences were statistically significant (all P < 0.05). Cox regression analysis showed that the high expression of BEX1 for stomach neoplasms; the high expression of BEX2 for acute myeloid leukemia, thymoma and endometrial neoplasms; the expression high of BEX3 for squamous cell carcinoma of head and neck,sarcoma, stomach neoplasms and endometrial neoplasms; the high expression of BEX4 for rectal adenocarcinoma, stomach neoplasms and endometrial neoplasms; the high expression of BEX5 for renal suspicious cell carcinoma and thymoma were risk factors for OS (all P < 0.05).The expression of BEX family genes was negatively correlated with the stromal score of most cancers (all P < 0.05), and positively correlated with the stem cell score (all P < 0.05). The expression of BEX family genes was negatively correlated with cancer stem cell index of gastric cancer ( P < 0.05), and was positively correlated with matrix score and estimated total score (all P < 0.05). Among different tumor cell lines in CellMiner database, BEX family genes were closely related to drug resistance of vemurafenib (Cor = -0.368, P = 0.004), Kahalide f (Cor = -0.391, P = 0.002), O-6-benzylguanine (Cor = -0.375, P = 0.003) and other drugs. All genes in the BEX family were related to the immune subtypes of pan-cancer and were highly expressed in C5 subtype (all P < 0.05).For gastric cancer, all genes showed high expression in the C3 subtype (all P < 0.05), except BEX5 ( P = 0.24). Conclusions:The expression of BEX family genes is closely related to the prognosis of pan-cancer patients, and has an impact on the tumor microenvironment, cancer stem cells and drug sensitivity. BEX family genes may be potential biomarkers for diagnosis and prognosis of pan-cancer.

12.
Chinese Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation ; (12): 538-542, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995221

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe any effect of tendon manipulation on the joint pain, joint motion and gait of persons with knee osteoarthritis (KOA).Methods:Sixty-one KOA patients were randomly divided into an observation group ( n=31) and a control group ( n=30). Both groups received ultrasonic physiotherapy and exercise trai-ning (including quadriceps femoris training and heel raising training), while the observation group was additionally provided with daily tendon manipulation, five times a week for 3 weeks. Before and after the treatment, knee pain (using a visual analog scale (VAS)), motor function (using the Western Ontario and McMaster University (WOMAC) osteoarthritis index scale), step length, gait speed and the double support phase ratio were evaluated in both groups using three-dimensional gait analysis equipment. Results:After the treatment the average VAS scores, as well as the joint pain, stiffness and dysfunction and the total WOMAC scores of both groups had decreased significantly. There was significant improvement in the average stride length, walking speed and the proportion of double support phase among the observation group, and the latter two measurements had also improved significantly in the control group. After the intervention, the average pain, WOMAC scores and gait descriptors of the observation group were significantly superior to the control group′s results.Conclusion:Tendon manipulation can usefully supplement routine rehabilitation in the treatment of KOA, improving walking efficiency and thus life quality.

13.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 876-880, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994908

ABSTRACT

Objective:To determine whether there is a correlation between the cross-sectional area (CSA) and the parameters as measured on nerve conduction studies.Methods:Twenty-one patients with neuromuscular diseases in Beijing Tiantan Hospital from March 3, 2022 to May 4, 2023 underwent ultrasound measurement of the CSA of the median nerves and ulnar nerves at the wrist, elbow and the upper arm, followed by nerve conduction studies (NCS). A linear regression model was performed to compare NCS and CSA.Results:A total of 180 sets of motor nerve conduction velocity (MCV) and CSA at the different sites including 102 sets of median nerve and 78 sets of ulnar nerve, 220 sets of compound muscle action potential (CMAP) amplitude and CSA at the different sites including 104 sets of median nerve and 116 sets of ulnar nerve, 60 sets of sensory nerve conduction velocity (SCV) and CSA and sensory nerve action potential (SNAP) amplitude and CSA at the wrist including 32 sets of median nerve and 28 sets of ulnar nerve were recorded. The linear correlation between MCV and CSA was statistically significant both in median nerve ( r2=0.10,adjusted r2=0.09, P=0.001) and in ulnar nerve ( r2=0.18,adjusted r2=0.17, P<0.001).When CSA>10 mm 2, the linear correlation between CMAP amplitude and CSA was statistically significant both in median nerve ( r2=0.09,adjusted r2=0.08, P=0.024) and ulnar nerve ( r2=0.19,adjusted r2=0.17, P=0.004). The correlation between CMAP and CSA was not statistically significant when CSA≤10 mm 2. And the correlations between SCV and CSA and between SNAP and CSA were not statistically significant. Conclusions:CSA can better show the characteristics of changes in motor nerve conduction especially in motor conduction velocity. It is suggested that its application prospect in demyelinating peripheral neuropathy with motor nerve damage may be more extensive.

14.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 458-463, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994855

ABSTRACT

Parkinson′s disease (PD) is one of the neurodegenerative diseases with high incidence in middle-aged and elderly people, and its prodromal stage lasts for several years to decades, markers of disease progression in prodromal stage are important basis for early recognition and diagnosis of PD. Current studies have shown that rapid eye movement sleep behavior disorder (RBD) is the specific clinical prodromal symptoms of PD, and has some of the same mechanisms as PD. Part of the same mechanisms develop regularly in the process of RBD converting to PD, which may produce valuable prodromal markers of PD. This paper reviews the common mechanisms of PD and RBD, in order to provide some ideas for the early clinical diagnosis and treatment of PD.

15.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 481-493, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992625

ABSTRACT

Chronic refractory wound (CRW) is one of the most challengeable issues in clinic due to complex pathogenesis, long course of disease and poor prognosis. Experts need to conduct systematic summary for the diagnosis and treatment of CRW due to complex pathogenesis and poor prognosis, and standard guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of CRW should be created. The Guideline forthe diagnosis and treatment of chronic refractory wounds in orthopedic trauma patients ( version 2023) was created by the expert group organized by the Chinese Association of Orthopedic Surgeons, Chinese Orthopedic Association, Chinese Society of Traumatology, and Trauma Orthopedics and Multiple Traumatology Group of Emergency Resuscitation Committee of Chinese Medical Doctor Association after the clinical problems were chosen based on demand-driven principles and principles of evidence-based medicine. The guideline systematically elaborated CRW from aspects of the epidemiology, diagnosis, treatment, postoperative management, complication prevention and comorbidity management, and rehabilitation and health education, and 9 recommendations were finally proposed to provide a reliable clinical reference for the diagnosis and treatment of CRW.

16.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 107-120, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992578

ABSTRACT

Infectious bone defect is bone defect with infection or as a result of treatment of bone infection. It requires surgical intervention, and the treatment processes are complex and long, which include bone infection control,bone defect repair and even complex soft tissue reconstructions in some cases. Failure to achieve the goals in any step may lead to the failure of the overall treatment. Therefore, infectious bone defect has been a worldwide challenge in the field of orthopedics. Conventionally, sequestrectomy, bone grafting, bone transport, and systemic/local antibiotic treatment are standard therapies. Radical debridement remains one of the cornerstones for the management of bone infection. However, the scale of debridement and the timing and method of bone defect reconstruction remain controversial. With the clinical application of induced membrane technique, effective infection control and rapid bone reconstruction have been achieved in the management of infectious bone defect. The induced membrane technique has attracted more interests and attention, but the lack of understanding the basic principles of infection control and technical details may hamper the clinical outcomes of induced membrane technique and complications can possibly occur. Therefore, the Chinese Orthopedic Association organized domestic orthopedic experts to formulate An evidence-based clinical guideline for the treatment of infectious bone defect with induced membrane technique ( version 2023) according to the evidence-based method and put forward recommendations on infectious bone defect from the aspects of precise diagnosis, preoperative evaluation, operation procedure, postoperative management and rehabilitation, so as to provide useful references for the treatment of infectious bone defect with induced membrane technique.

17.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 144-146, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992483

ABSTRACT

Kounis syndrome is an acute coronary syndrome associated with mast cell and platelet activation in the case of allergy or allergic injury. This case of Kounis syndrome type Ⅱ patients with myocardial infarction and cardiac arrest is rare. The patient came to the clinic because of wasp sting. During the treatment, he had cardiac arrest. After cardiopulmonary resuscitation, anti allergy, antithrombotic and coronary revascularization, his condition improved. After discharge, he was followed up regularly. After 1 month and 1 year follow-up, the patient had no chest pain, chest tightness, discomfort and allergic reaction.

18.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 326-330, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991315

ABSTRACT

This study has combed and analyzed the characteristics of medical doctoral supervisors and the enrollment status from 2015 to 2018 in Tongji University School of Medicine. The results show that the distribution of doctoral supervisors' age, gender and professional title is relatively balanced. The enrollment situation shows the clustering trend. There are obvious differences in enrollment among clinical medical disciplines, and the scales of doctoral supervisors and doctoral students are not matched and unevenly distributed. It is essential to give an overall consideration in discipline resources and optimize enrollment allocation, for improving the construction of doctoral supervisors and the quality of doctoral training.

19.
Chinese Pediatric Emergency Medicine ; (12): 536-540, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990556

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of continuous balloon pressure monitor in children with postoperative tracheal intubation after congenital heart disease(CHD).Methods:Children admitted to the intensive care unit after CHD surgery were selected and divided into two groups using a random number table.Under the same treatment principles, the intervention group used a continuous balloon pressure monitor to manage the balloon pressure, and the control group used a manual balloon pressure meter.The clinical outcomes of two groups were compared.Results:A total of 84 children were enrolled, including 40 in intervention group and 44 in control group.There were no significant differences in age, sex, intubation depth and intubation type between two groups(all P>0.05).The rates of ventilator leakage in the intervention and control groups were 17.5% and 20.5%, respectively, and the rates of misaspiration in two groups were 0 and 6.8%, respectively, with no statistically significant differences(all P>0.05).The duration of mechanical ventilation in intervention group was longer than that in control group[median ventilator time 44.0(41.7, 73.5)h vs.43.0(38.9, 60.5)h, P=0.024], but the rates of abnormal balloon pressure(10.0% vs.81.8%, P<0.001), the rate of laryngeal edema after withdrawal(2.5% vs.18.2%, P=0.031)and the rate of vocal difficulties(7.5% vs.25.0%, P=0.032)were lower than those in control group, and the differences were statistically significant. Conclusion:Continuous balloon pressure monitoring can automatically maintain balloon pressure in the normal range, reduce complications associated with artificial airways, and have a positive effect on the maintenance of the airway in children.

20.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 1853-1858, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990418

ABSTRACT

Objective:To develop a prone position management program and evaluate its effectiveness in preventing ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) in children with congenital heart disease combined with acute respiratory distress syndrome, in order to provide experience for clinical application.Methods:This was a quasi-experimental study. Convenient sampling method was used to select children with congenital heart defect who underwent mechanical ventilation in the Cardiothoracic Surgical Care Unit of Shanghai Children′s Medical Center, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, School of Medicine from June 2018 to December 2021 as the study subjects. The control group consisted of 80 hospitalized children from June 2018 to December 2019. They were used general nursing interventions to prevent VAP. The 42 hospitalized children from January 2020 to December 2021 were the intervention group, who usd the prone position management program on the basis of the control group. The differences in the incidence of VAP, duration of mechanical ventilation, duration of ICU stay, oxygenation index and the incidence of adverse events between the two groups were compared.Results:The incidence of VAP and mechanical ventilation duration in the intervention group were 4.8% (2/42) and 67.50 (55.00/101.50), which were lower than 35.0% (28/80) and 92.50 (68.00/142.00) of the control group, and the differences were statistically significant ( χ2=11.98, Z=3.40, both P<0.01). And the trend of increasing oxygenation index with the intervention group was better than the control group ( F=8.38, P<0.05). There was no statistical difference in the incidence of adverse events between the two groups (all P>0.05). Conclusions:The application of prone ventilation program with congenital heart disease children complicated with acute respiratory distress syndrome is safe and can significantly improve the oxygenation index, shorten the duration of mechanical ventilation and reduce the incidence of VAP.

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