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1.
Chinese Journal of Traumatology ; (6): 34-41, 2024.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009508

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE@#To identify the potential target genes of blast lung injury (BLI) for the diagnosis and treatment.@*METHODS@#This is an experimental study. The BLI models in rats and goats were established by conducting a fuel-air explosive power test in an unobstructed environment, which was subsequently validated through hematoxylin-eosin staining. Transcriptome sequencing was performed on lung tissues from both goats and rats. Differentially expressed genes were identified using the criteria of q ≤ 0.05 and |log2 fold change| ≥ 1. Following that, enrichment analyses were conducted for gene ontology and the Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes pathways. The potential target genes were further confirmed through quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction and enzyme linked immunosorbent assay.@*RESULTS@#Observations through microscopy unveiled the presence of reddish edema fluid, erythrocytes, and instances of focal or patchy bleeding within the alveolar cavity. Transcriptome sequencing analysis identified a total of 83 differentially expressed genes in both rats and goats. Notably, 49 genes exhibited a consistent expression pattern, with 38 genes displaying up-regulation and 11 genes demonstrating down-regulation. Enrichment analysis highlighted the potential involvement of the interleukin-17 signaling pathway and vascular smooth muscle contraction pathway in the underlying mechanism of BLI. Furthermore, the experimental findings in both goats and rats demonstrated a strong association between BLI and several key genes, including anterior gradient 2, ankyrin repeat domain 65, bactericidal/permeability-increasing fold containing family A member 1, bactericidal/permeability-increasing fold containing family B member 1, and keratin 4, which exhibited up-regulation.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Anterior gradient 2, ankyrin repeat domain 65, bactericidal/permeability-increasing fold containing family A member 1, bactericidal/permeability-increasing fold containing family B member 1, and keratin 4 hold potential as target genes for the prognosis, diagnosis, and treatment of BLI.


Subject(s)
Rats , Animals , Lung Injury/genetics , Goats/genetics , Keratin-4 , Gene Expression Profiling , Gene Expression
2.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Surgery ; (12): 355-362, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990649

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the safety and short-term efficacy of laparoscopic pro-ximal gastrectomy (LPG) for proximal gastric cancer and adenocarcinoma of esophagogastric junction.Methods:The retrospective cohort study was conducted. The clinicopathological data of 385 patients with proximal gastric cancer and adenocarcinoma of esophagogastric junction who underwent LPG in the 15 medical centers, including the First Affiliated Hospital of Xiamen University et al, from January 2014 to March 2022 were collected. There were 304 males and 81 females, aged (63±9)years. Of the 385 patients, 335 cases undergoing LPG were divided into the laparoscopic group and 50 cases undergoing open proximal gastrectomy were divided into the open group. Observation indicators: (1) intraoperative and postoperative situations; (2) follow-up; (3) stratified analysis. Measurement data with normal distribution were represented as Mean± SD, and comparison between groups was conducted using the t test. Measurement data with skewed distribution were represented as M(range), and comparison between groups was conducted using the Wilcoxon rank sum test. Count data were described as absolute numbers, and comparison between groups was conducted using the chi-square test or Fisher exact probability. Repeated measurement data were analyzed using the repeated ANOVA. Results:(1) Intraoperative and postoperative situations. The operation time, cases with reconstruction of digestive tract as esophagogastric anastomosis and esophageal-jejunal anastomosis, cases with postoperative pathological staging as stage 0?Ⅰ and stage Ⅱ?Ⅲ, duration of postoperative hospital stay, cases with postoperative early complications were (212±96)minutes, 270, 65, 177, 107, 10(range, 8?14)days, 40 in patients of the laparoscopic group, with 51 cases missing the data of postoperative pathological staging. The above indicators were (174±90)minutes, 39, 11, 22, 28, 10(range, 8?18)days, 10 in patients of the open group. There were significant differences in the opera-tion time and postoperative pathological staging between the two groups ( t=2.62, χ2=5.93, P<0.05), and there was no significant difference in the reconstruction of digestive tract, duration of post-operative hospital stay, postoperative early complications between the two groups ( χ2=0.19, Z=0.40, χ2=2.50, P>0.05). (2) Follow-up. Of the 385 patients,202 cases were followed up during the post-operative 12 months, including 187 cases in the laparoscopic group and 15 cases in the open group. Cases with reflux esophagitis, cases with esophageal anastomotic stenosis were 48, 11 in patients of the laparoscopic group, versus 5, 2 in patients of the open group, showing no significant difference in the above indicators between the two groups ( P>0.05). The body mass index (BMI), hemoglobin (Hb), albumin (Alb) at postoperative 6 months and 12 months were (21±3)kg/m 2, (130±15)g/L, (40±4)g/L and (21±3)kg/m 2, (132±14)g/L, (41±4)g/L in patients of the laparoscopic group, versus (21±3)kg/m 2, (121±19)g/L, (37±5)g/L and (21±3)kg/m 2, (125±21)g/L, (43±6)g/L in patients of the open group. There were significant differences in postoperative Hb between the two groups ( Fgroup=5.88, Ftime=5.49, Finteraction=19.95, P<0.05) and there were significant differences in time effect of postopera-tive BMI and Alb between the two groups ( Ftime=9.53, 49.88, P<0.05). (3) Stratified analysis. ① Incidence of postoperative of reflux esophagitis and esophageal anastomotic stenosis in patients with different reconstruction of digestive tract. Of the 202 patients, cases with reconstruction of digestive tract as esophagogastric anastomosis and esophageal-jejunal anastomosis were 168 and 34, respectively. The incidence rates of postoperative of reflux esophagitis were 26.79%(45/168)and 23.53%(8/34)in cases with reconstruction of digestive tract as esophagogastric anastomosis and esophageal-jejunal anastomosis, showing no significant difference between them ( χ2=0.16, P>0.05). Cases undergoing esophageal anastomotic stenosis were 13 in patients with reconstruction of diges-tive tract as esophagogastric anastomosis. ② The BMI, Hb, Alb in patients with different reconstruc-tion of digestive tract. The BMI, Hb, Alb were (24±3)kg/m 2, (135±20)g/L, (41±5)g/L in the 168 patients with reconstruction of digestive tract as esophagogastric anastomosis before the operation, versus (23±3)kg/m 2, (130±19)g/L, (40±4)g/L in the 34 patients with reconstruction of digestive tract as esophageal-jejunal anastomosis before the operation, showing no significant difference between them ( t=1.44, 1.77, 1.33, P>0.05). The BMI, Hb, Alb at postoperative 6 months and 12 months were (21±3)kg/m 2, (128±16)g/L, (39±4)g/L and (21±3)kg/m 2, (131±16)g/L, (41±4)g/L in the 168 patients with reconstruction of digestive tract as esophagogastric anastomosis, versus (20±4)kg/m 2, (133±13)g/L, (43±3)g/L and (21±3)kg/m 2, (135±12)g/L, (44±3)g/L in the 34 patients with reconstruction of digestive tract as esophageal-jejunal anastomosis. There were significant differences in the group effect and time effect of postoperative Alb between patients with different reconstruction of diges-tive tract ( Fgroup=15.82, Ftime=5.43, P<0.05), and there was also a significant difference in the time effect of postoperative BMI between them ( Ftime=4.22 , P<0.05). Conclusion:LPG can be used to the treatment of proximal gastric cancer and adenocarcinoma of esophagogastric junction, with a good safety and short-term efficacy.

3.
Journal of Xi'an Jiaotong University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 419-425, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1011565

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To investigate the predictive value of visceral fat area (VFA) in patients with gastric cancer after radical gastrectomy. 【Methods】 A retrospective analysis was performed on 195 patients who underwent radical gastrectomy in the Department of General Surgery, The First Affiliated Hospital of Xi’an Jiaotong University from January 2014 to December 2017. CT image data and clinicopathological data within 1 week before surgery were collected. VFA was calculated by software, and the patients were divided into VFA-H group (n=96) and VFA-L group (n=99). The relationship between VFA in different groups and long-term prognosis was compared. 【Results】 CT examination results showed that VFA value was (111±62) cm2, and BMI was positively correlated with VFA value (r=0.640, P<0.001). ROC curve showed that VFA was more valuable in predicting the prognosis of gastric cancer (AUC=0.703, P<0.001) and better than BMI. Cox regression analysis of prognostic factors in gastric cancer patients: Univariate analysis showed that age, tumor length, TNM stage and VFA were the influencing factors for prognosis, while multivariate analysis showed that TNM stage III and VFA-L were independent risk factors for prognosis of gastric cancer patients. 【Conclusion】 VFA has a good predictive ability and can be used to evaluate the prognosis of gastric cancer patients after operation.

4.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Surgery ; (12): 616-627, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930975

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the influences of age-adjusted Charlson comorbidity index (ACCI) on prognosis of patients undergoing laparoscopic radical gastrectomy.Methods:The retrospective cohort study was conducted. The clinicopathological data of 242 gastric cancer patients who underwent laparoscopic radical gastrectomy in 19 hospitals of the Chinese Laparoscopic Gastrointestinal Surgery Study Group-04 study, including 54 patients in Fujian Medical University Union Hospital, 32 patients in the First Hospital of Putian City, 32 patients in Renji Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine, 31 patients in Zhangzhou Affiliated Hospital of Fujian Medical University, 17 patients in Nanfang Hospital of Southern Medical University, 11 patients in the First Affiliated Hospital with Nanjing Medical University, 8 patients in Qinghai University Affiliated Hospital, 8 patients in Meizhou People′s Hospital, 7 patients in Fujian Provincial Hospital, 6 patients in Zhongshan Hospital of Fudan University, 6 patients in Longyan First Hospital, 5 patients in the First Affiliated Hospital of Xinjiang Medical University, 5 patients in the First Hospital Affiliated to Army Medical University, 4 patients in the Second Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, 4 patients in West China Hospital of Sichuan University, 4 patients in Beijing University Cancer Hospital, 3 patients in the First Affiliated Hospital of Xiamen University, 3 patients in Guangdong Provincial People′s Hospital, 2 patients in the First Affiliated Hospital of Xi′an Jiaotong University, from September 2016 to October 2017 were collected. There were 193 males and 49 females, aged 62(range, 23?74)years. Observation indicators: (1) age distribution, comorbidities and ACCI status of patients; (2) the grouping of ACCI and comparison of clinicopathological characteristics of patients in each group; (3) incidence of postoperative early complications and analysis of factors affecting postoperative early complications; (4) follow-up; (5) analysis of factors affecting the 3-year recurrence-free survival rate of patients. Follow-up was conducted using outpatient examination or telephone interview to detect postoperative survival of patients up to December 2020. Measurement data with normal distribution were represented as Mean± SD, and comparison between groups was conducted using the t test. Measurement data with skewed distribution were represented as M( Q1, Q3) or M(range), and comparison between groups was conducted using the Mann-Whitney U test. Count data were described as absolute numbers or percentages, and comparison between groups was conducted using the chi-square test or Fisher exact probability. Comparison of ordinal data was conducted using the nonparametric rank sum test. The X-Tile software (version 3.6.1) was used to analyze the best ACCI grouping threshold. The Kaplan-Meier method was used to calculate survival rates and draw survival curves. The Log-Rank test was used for survival analysis. The Logistic regression model was used to analyze the factors affecting postoperative early complications. The COX proportional hazard model was used for univariate and multivariate analyses of factors affecting the 3-year recurrence-free survival rate of patients. Multivariate analysis used stepwise regression to include variables with P<0.05 in univariate analysis and variables clinically closely related to prognosis. Results:(1) Age distribution, comor-bidities and ACCI status of patients. Of the 242 patients, there were 28 cases with age <50 years, 68 cases with age of 50 to 59 years, 113 cases with age of 60 to 69 years, 33 cases with age of 70 to 79 years. There was 1 patient combined with mild liver disease, 1 patient combined with diabetes of end-organ damage, 2 patients combined with peripheral vascular diseases, 2 patients combined with peptic ulcer, 6 patients combined with congestive heart failure, 8 patients combined with chronic pulmonary diseases, 9 patients with diabetes without end-organ damage. The ACCI of 242 patients was 2 (range, 0-4). (2) The grouping of ACCI and comparison of clinicopathological characteristics of patients in each group. Results of X-Tile software analysis showed that ACCI=3 was the best grouping threshold. Of the 242 patients, 194 cases with ACCI <3 were set as the low ACCI group and 48 cases with ACCI ≥3 were set as the high ACCI group, respectively. Age, body mass index, cases with preoperative comorbidities, cases of American Society of Anesthesiologists classification as stage Ⅰ, stage Ⅱ, stage Ⅲ, tumor diameter, cases with tumor histological type as signet ring cell or poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma and cases with tumor type as moderately or well differentiated adenocarcinoma, cases with tumor pathological T staging as stage T1, stage T2, stage T3, stage T4, chemotherapy cycles were (58±9)years, (22.6±2.9)kg/m 2, 31, 106, 85, 3, (4.0±1.9)cm, 104, 90, 16, 29, 72, 77, 6(4,6) in the low ACCI group, versus (70±4) years, (21.7±2.7)kg/m 2, 23, 14, 33, 1, (5.4±3.1)cm, 36, 12, 3, 4, 13, 28, 4(2,5) in the high ACCI group, showing significant differences in the above indicators between the two groups ( t=-14.37, 1.98, χ2=22.64, Z=-3.11, t=-2.91, χ2=7.22, Z=-2.21, -3.61, P<0.05). (3) Incidence of postoperative early complications and analysis of factors affecting postoperative early complications. Of the 242 patients, 33 cases had postoperative early complications, including 20 cases with local complications and 16 cases with systemic complica-tions. Some patients had multiple complications at the same time. Of the 20 patients with local complications, 12 cases had abdominal infection, 7 cases had anastomotic leakage, 2 cases had incision infection, 2 cases had abdominal hemorrhage, 2 cases had anastomotic hemorrhage and 1 case had lymphatic leakage. Of the 16 patients with systemic complications, 11 cases had pulmonary infection, 2 cases had arrhythmias, 2 cases had sepsis, 1 case had liver failure, 1 case had renal failure, 1 case had pulmonary embolism, 1 case had deep vein thrombosis, 1 case had urinary infection and 1 case had urine retention. Of the 33 cases with postoperative early complications, there were 3 cases with grade Ⅰ complications, 22 cases with grade Ⅱ complications, 5 cases with grade Ⅲa complications, 2 cases with grade Ⅲb complications and 1 case with grade Ⅳ complica-tions of Clavien-Dindo classification. Cases with postoperative early complications, cases with local complications, cases with systemic complications were 22, 13, 9 in the low ACCI group, versus 11, 7, 7 in the high ACCI group, respectively. There were significant differences in cases with postoperative early complications and cases with systemic complications between the two groups ( χ2=4.38, 4.66, P<0.05), and there was no significant difference in cases with local complications between the two groups ( χ2=2.20, P>0.05). Results of Logistic regression analysis showed that ACCI was a related factor for postoperative early complications of gastric cancer patients undergoing laparoscopic radical gastrectomy [ odds ratio=2.32, 95% confidence interval ( CI) as 1.04-5.21, P<0.05]. (4) Follow-up. All the 242 patients were followed up for 36(range,1?46)months. During the follow-up, 53 patients died and 13 patients survived with tumor. The 3-year recurrence-free survival rate of the 242 patients was 73.5%. The follow-up time, cases died and cases survived with tumor during follow-up, the 3-year recurrence-free survival rate were 36(range, 2-46)months, 29, 10, 80.0% for the low ACCI group, versus 35(range, 1-42)months, 24, 3, 47.4% for the high ACCI group. There was a significant difference in the 3-year recurrence-free survival rate between the two groups ( χ2=30.49, P<0.05). (5) Analysis of factors affecting the 3-year recurrence-free survival rate of patients. Results of univariate analysis showed that preoperative comorbidities, ACCI, tumor diameter, histological type, vascular invasion, lymphatic invasion, neural invasion, tumor pathological TNM staging, postoperative early complications were related factors for postoperative 3-year recurrence-free survival rate of gastric cancer patients undergoing laparoscopic radical gastrectomy [ hazard ratio ( HR)=2.52, 3.64, 2.62, 0.47, 2.87, 1.90, 1.86, 21.77, 1.97, 95% CI as 1.52-4.17, 2.22-5.95, 1.54-4.46, 0.27-0.80, 1.76-4.70, 1.15-3.12, 1.10-3.14, 3.01-157.52, 1.11-3.50, P<0.05]. Results of multivariate analysis showed that ACCI, tumor pathological TNM staging, adjuvant chemotherapy were indepen-dent influencing factors for postoperative 3-year recurrence-free survival rate of gastric cancer patients undergoing laparoscopic radical gastrectomy ( HR=3.65, 11.00, 40.66, 0.39, 95% CI as 2.21-6.02, 1.40-86.73, 5.41-305.69, 0.22-0.68, P<0.05). Conclusions:ACCI is a related factor for post-operative early complications of gastric cancer patients undergoing laparos-copic radical gastrectomy. ACCI, tumor pathological TNM staging, adjuvant chemotherapy are indepen-dent influencing factors for postoperative 3-year recurrence-free survival rate of gastric cancer patients undergoing laparoscopic radical gastrectomy.

5.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Surgery ; (12): 355-361, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930945

ABSTRACT

Laparoscopic proximal gastrectomy (LPG) can be selected for the treatment of early upper gastric carcinoma, but gastroesophageal reflux after operation would seriously affect the quality of life of patients. Esophagogastric anastomosis with double flap technique is a digestive tract reconstruction method using the anastomosis between the esophagus and the anterior wall of the stomach. Compared with other digestive tract reconstruction methods, esophagogastric anastomosis with double flap technique can maintain the postoperative body mass of patients in good condition, improve the nutritional status and the long-term quality of life of patients. Esophagogastric anasto-mosis with double flap technique has good anti reflux effects and retain the possibility of endoscopic examination and treatment. By reviewing literatures at home and abroad, and combined with clinical experiences, the authors discuss current status and digestive tract reconstruction methods of LPG, and deeply investigate the application prospect of esophagogastric anastomosis with double flap technique.

6.
Chinese Pediatric Emergency Medicine ; (12): 368-372, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930863

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the expression of long non-coding RNA metastasis associated lung adenocarcinoma transcript 1(lncRNA MALAT1) in bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) of neonatal rats induced by hyperoxia and its effect on alveolar type 2 epithelial cells (AEC Ⅱ).Methods:The lung injury model of neonatal SD rats induced by hyperoxia(model group, n=50, inhaled oxygen concentration of 80%-85%) and the control group(inhaled air, n=50) were prepared.Lung tissue samples were taken and retained on days 1, 3, 7, 14 and 21, and the physiological and pathological changes of lung tissue were detected by paraffin-embedded sections and hematoxylin-eosin staining; The dynamic expression of lncRNA MALAT1 in lung tissue was detected by real-time fluorescent quantitative polymerase chain reaction; The dynamic expression of surfactant protein C(SPC) in lung tissue and AECⅡ was detected by Western blot.AECⅡ was extracted from lung tissue of normal newborn rats, and lncRNA MALAT1 was knocked down by siRNA.The cells were collected and Western blot as well as immunofluorescence were used to detect the changes of SPC. Results:The lung tissue of model group gradually became thickened with alveolar compartments, and the alveolar cavity was enlarged with the disappearance of alveolar spine and other pathological structural changes.Compared with the control group, there was no difference in the expression of lncRNA MALAT1 and SPC in the lung tissue from model group on days 1, 3( P>0.05), but the expression of lncRNA MALAT1 and SPC significantly increased on days 7, 14 and 21( P<0.05). When lncRNA MALAT1 was inhibited, SPC expression showed a decrease trend. Conclusion:Hyperoxia can lead to the stagnation of lung development in neonatal rats, and the structure and function of alveolar disorders are impaired.The expression of lncRNA MALAT1 is involved in the process of hyperoxia-induced BPD in neonatal rats.The increase of lncRNA MALAT1 may promote the proliferation of AECⅡ.

7.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 410-418, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928942

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To reveal the neuroprotective effect and the underlying mechanisms of a mixture of the main components of Panax notoginseng saponins (TSPN) on cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury and oxygen-glucose deprivation/reoxygenation (OGD/R) of cultured cortical neurons.@*METHODS@#The neuroprotective effect of TSPN was evaluated by 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyl tetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay, flow cytometry and live/dead cell assays. The morphology of dendrites was detected by immunofluorescence. Middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) was developed in rats as a model of cerebral ischemia-reperfusion. The neuroprotective effect of TSPN was evaluated by neurological scoring, tail suspension test, 2,3,5-triphenyltetrazolium chloride (TTC) and Nissl stainings. Western blot analysis, immunohistochemistry and immunofluorescence were used to measure the changes in the Akt/mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) signaling pathway.@*RESULTS@#MTT showed that TSPN (50, 25 and 12.5 µ g/mL) protected cortical neurons after OGD/R treatment (P<0.01 or P<0.05). Flow cytometry and live/dead cell assays indicated that 25 µ g/mL TSPN decreased neuronal apoptosis (P<0.05), and immunofluorescence showed that 25 µ g/mL TSPN restored the dendritic morphology of damaged neurons (P<0.05). Moreover, 12.5 µ g/mL TSPN downregulated the expression of Beclin-1, Cleaved-caspase 3 and LC3B-II/LC3B-I, and upregulated the levels of phosphorylated (p)-Akt and p-mTOR (P<0.01 or P<0.05). In the MCAO model, 50 µ g/mL TSPN improved defective neurological behavior and reduced infarct volume (P<0.05). Moreover, the expression of Beclin-1 and LC3B in cerebral ischemic penumbra was downregulated after 50 µ g/mL TSPN treatment, whereas the p-mTOR level was upregulated (P<0.05 or P<0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#TSPN promoted neuronal survival and protected dendrite integrity after OGD/R and had a potential therapeutic effect by alleviating neurological deficits and reversing neuronal loss. TSPN promoted p-mTOR and inhibited Beclin-1 to alleviate ischemic damage, which may be the mechanism that underlies the neuroprotective activity of TSPN.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Beclin-1 , Brain Ischemia/metabolism , Glucose , Infarction, Middle Cerebral Artery/drug therapy , Mammals/metabolism , Neuroprotection , Neuroprotective Agents/therapeutic use , Oxygen , Panax notoginseng , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt/metabolism , Reperfusion Injury/metabolism , Saponins/therapeutic use , TOR Serine-Threonine Kinases/metabolism
8.
China Tropical Medicine ; (12): 1147-2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971812

ABSTRACT

@#Abstract: Objective To explore the carrying status of four common deafness genes and mutations on 10 loci in newborns in Hainan, and to analyze the molecular epidemiological characteristics of deafness genes and their loci, so as to provide scientific basis for formulating neonatal deafness gene screening strategy and promoting children's hearing health in Hainan. Methods Newborns born in Hainan from January 2020 to December 2021 were selected as the research objects. The demographic characteristics of the research objects were collected. At the same time, the plantar blood of newborns was collected, and multiplex PCR amplification and directed hybridization combined with high-throughput sequencing technology were applied to detect 10 mutation loci on 4 common deafness genes. T-test or chi square test was used to process the data. Results A total of 7 124 newborns were included in the study through informed consent, 219 cases of deafness gene mutation were detected with the detection rate of deafness gene of 3.07%. The detection rates of GJB2, SLC26A4, MT-RNR1 and GJB3 were 1.56% (111/7 124), 1.18% (84/7 124), 0.21% (15/7 124) and 0.11% (8/7 124) respectively. Among the 10 loci of the four genes, the positive detection rate of c.235delC locus of GJB2 was the highest, which was 1.38% (98/7 124), followed by c.919-2A>G of SLC26A4 (0.87%, 62/7 124); 2.63% (113/4 289) of the newborns who passed the preliminary hearing screening still carried the deafness gene; in terms of gene type, the detection rate of GJB2 gene in newborns who failed the hearing screening was higher than that in newborns who passed the hearing screening [2.23% (63/7 124) vs 1.12% (48/7 124),P<0.01]; in terms of gene loci, the detection rate of c.235delC locus in newborns who failed hearing screening was higher than that in newborns who passed hearing screening [2.09% (59/7 124) vs 0.91% (39/7 124),P<0.01]. Conclusion The most common deafness genes types in Hainan were GJB2 and SLC26A4; The most common gene mutation sites were c.235delC and c.919-2A>G; 2.63% of the newborns who passed the preliminary hearing screening still carried the deafness gene, among which the high-risk newborns with MT-RNR1 and GJB3 genes were found. Therefore, hearing screening should be combined with deafness gene screening to improve the detection rate of children at high risk of hearing loss.

9.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 596-603, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-943041

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the effect of visceral fat area (VFA) on the surgical efficacy and early postoperative complications of radical gastrectomy for gastric cancer. Methods: A retrospective cohort study method was used. Clinicopathological data and preoperative imaging data of 195 patients who underwent D2 radical gastric cancer surgery at the First Affiliated Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University from January 2014 to December 2017 were analyzed retrospectively. Inclusion criteria: (1) complete clinicopathological and imaging data; (2) malignant gastric tumor diagnosed by preoperative pathology, and gastric cancer confirmed by postoperative pathology; (3) no preoperative complications such as bleeding, obstruction or perforation, and no distant metastasis. Those who had a history of abdominal surgery, concurrent malignant tumors, poor basic conditions, emergency surgery, palliative resection, and preoperative neoadjuvant therapy were excluded. The VFA was calculated by software and VFA ≥ 100 cm2 was defined as visceral obesity according to the Japan Obesity Association criteria . The patients were divided into high VFA (VFA-H, VFA≥100 cm2, n=96) group and low VFA (VFA-L, VFA<100 cm2, n=99) group . The clinicopathological characteristics, surgical outcomes and early postoperative complications were compared between the two groups. Univariate and multivariate Logistic regression models were used to analyze the risk factors of early complications. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to analyze predictive values of VFA for early complications. Pearson's χ2 test was used to analyze the correlation between BMI and VFA. Results: There were no significant differences in terms of gender, age, American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status classification, preoperative comorbidities, preoperative anemia, tumor TNM staging, N staging, T staging and tumor differentiation, surgical method, extent of resection, and tumor location between the VFA-L group and the VFA-H group (all P>0.05). However, patients in the VFA-H group had higher BMI, larger tumor, lower rate of hypoalbuminemia and greater subcutaneous fat area (SFA) (all P<0.05). The VFA-H group presented significantly longer operation time and significantly less number of harvested lymph nodes as compared to the VFA-L group (both P<0.05). However, there were no significant differences in intraoperative blood loss, conversion to laparotomy and postoperative hospital stay (all P>0.05). Complications of Clavien-Dindo grade II and above within 30 days after operation were mainly anastomosis-related complications (leakage, bleeding, infection and stricture), intestinal obstruction and incision infection. The VFA-H group had a higher morbidity of early complications compared to the VFA-L group [24.0% (23/96) vs 10.1% (10/99), χ2=6.657, P=0.010], and the rates of anastomotic complications and incision infection were also higher in the VFA group [10.4% (10/96) vs. 3.0% (3/99), χ2=4.274, P=0.039; 7.3% (7/96) vs. 1.0% (1/99), P=0.033]. Multivariate logistic analysis showed that high BMI (OR=3.688, 95%CI: 1.685-8.072, P=0.001) and high VFA (OR=2.526, 95%CI: 1.148-5.559,P=0.021) were independent risk factors for early complications. The area under the ROC curve (AUC) of VFA for predicting early complications was 0.645, which was higher than that of body weight (0.591), BMI (0.624) and SFA (0.626). Correlation analysis indicated that there was a significantly positive correlation between BMI and VFA (r=0.640, P<0.001). Conclusion: VFA ≥ 100 cm2 is an independent risk factor for early complications after radical gastrectomy for gastric cancer.It can better predict the occurrence of above early postoperative complications.


Subject(s)
Humans , Gastrectomy/methods , Laparoscopy/methods , Lipids , Obesity/surgery , Obesity, Abdominal/surgery , Postoperative Complications/epidemiology , Retrospective Studies , Stomach Neoplasms/pathology
10.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 412-420, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936097

ABSTRACT

Objective: To compare clinical efficacy between laparoscopic radical proximal gastrectomy with double-tract reconstruction (LPG-DTR) and laparoscopic radical total gastrectomy with Roux-en-Y reconstruction (LTG-RY) in patients with early upper gastric cancer, and to provide a reference for the selection of surgical methods in early upper gastric cancer. Methods: A retrospective cohort study method was carried out. Clinical data of 80 patients with early upper gastric cancer who underwent LPG-DTR or LTG-RY by the same surgical team at the Department of General Surgery, the First Affiliated Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University from January 2018 to January 2021 were retrospectively analyzed. Patients were divided into the DTR group (32 cases) and R-Y group (48 cases) according to surgical procedures and digestive tract reconstruction methods. Surgical and pathological characteristics, postoperative complications (short-term complications within 30 days after surgery and long-term complications after postoperative 30 days), survival time and nutritinal status were compared between the two groups. For nutritional status, reduction rate was used to represent the changes in total protein, albumin, total cholesterol, body mass, hemoglobin and vitamin B12 levels at postoperative 1-year and 2-year. Non-normally distributed continuous data were presented as median (interquartile range), and the Mann-Whitney U test was used for comparison between groups. The χ(2) test or Fisher's exact test was used for comparison of data between groups. The Mann-Whitney U test was used to compare the ranked data between groups. The survival rate was calculated by Kaplan-Meier method categorical, and compared by using the log-rank test. Results: There were no statistically significant differences in baseline data betweeen the two groups, except that patients in the R-Y group were oldere and had larger tumor. Patients of both groups successfully completed the operation without conversion to laparotomy, combined organ resection, or perioperative death. There were no significant differences in the distance from proximal resection margin to superior margin of tumor, postoperative hospital stay, time to flatus and food-taking, hospitalization cost, short- and long-term complications between the two groups (all P>0.05). Compared with the R-Y group, the DTR group had shorter distal margins [(3.2±0.5) cm vs. (11.7±2.0) cm, t=-23.033, P<0.001], longer surgery time [232.5 (63.7) minutes vs. 185.0 (63.0) minutes, Z=-3.238, P=0.001], longer anastomosis time [62.5 (17.5) minutes vs. 40.0 (10.0) minutes, Z=-6.321, P<0.001], less intraoperative blood loss [(138.1±51.6) ml vs. (184.3±62.1) ml, t=-3.477, P=0.001], with significant differences (all P<0.05). The median follow-up of the whole group was 18 months, and the 2-year cancer-specific survival rate was 97.5%, with 100% in the DTR group and 95.8% in the R-Y group (P=0.373). Compared with R-Y group at postoperative 1 year, the reduction rate of weight, hemoglobin and vitamin B12 were lower in DTR group with significant differences (all P<0.05); at postoperative 2-year, the reduction rate of vitamin B12 was still lower with significant differences (P<0.001), but the reduction rates of total protein, albumin, total cholesterol, body weight and hemoglobin were similar between the two groups (all P>0.05). Conclusions: LPG-DTR is safe and feasible in the treatment of early upper gastric cancer. The short-term postoperative nutritional status and long-term vitamin B12 levels of patients undergoing LPG-DTR are superior to those undergoing LTG-RY.


Subject(s)
Humans , Albumins , Anastomosis, Roux-en-Y/adverse effects , Cholesterol , Gastrectomy/methods , Hemoglobins , Laparoscopy/methods , Postoperative Complications/etiology , Retrospective Studies , Stomach Neoplasms/pathology , Treatment Outcome , Vitamin B 12
11.
Journal of Xi'an Jiaotong University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 735-739, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1011652

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To explore the application value of preoperative gastroscopic carbon nanoparticles labeling in patients undergoing laparoscopic radical gastric cancer surgery. 【Methods】 We included cases of laparoscopic radical gastric cancer surgery at The First Affiliated Hospital of Xi’an Jiaotong University from January 2017 to December 2019. Some cases received submucosal injection of carbon nanoparticles under the gastroscope before surgery. The effects of carbon nanoparticles labeling on the number of lymph nodes detected, operation duration and surgical complications were compared and analyzed. 【Results】 A total of 397 patients undergoing laparoscopic radical gastric cancer surgery were enrolled. Among them, 78 cases underwent gastroscopic carbon nanoparticles tracer labeling before operation. No complications were observed. The total number of lymph nodes detected by pathology after surgery in the carbon nanoparticles group significantly increased [(22.0(4.0) vs. 22.0(3.0), P=0.033)] while the operation time significantly reduced [(185.0±37.48)min vs. (213.4±23.66)min, P<0.001] compared with those in the control group. New gastric cancer lesions were revealed by gastroscopy in three cases (3.8%) of carbon nanoparticles labeling, and the original planned operation method was changed in two cases (2.6%). 【Conclusion】 Preoperative endoscopic carbon nanoparticles tracer labeling can not only help shorten the time of laparoscopic radical surgery for gastric cancer and increase the number of total lymph nodes detected for more accurate TNM staging, but also provide an opportunity for the discovery of synchronous multiple gastric cancer.

12.
Journal of Xi'an Jiaotong University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 915-922, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1011633

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To investigate the clinical characteristics, treatment and outcome of elderly patients with COVID-19. 【Methods】 We made a retrospective analysis of the clinical data of elderly patients with COVID-19 admitted by the National Anti-epidemic Medical Team of The First Affiliated Hospital of Xi’an Jiaotong University in Department of the seventh ward of Renmin Hospital of Wuhan University between February 9 and March 15, 2020. We fully extracted the patients’ demographics, epidemiological characteristics, clinical manifestations, laboratory examination, imaging performance, treatment and outcomes. 【Results】 In this study we included a total of 30 patients(18 males and 12 females), with an average age of(71.1±14.4) years. Their underlying diseases included cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases(23 patients), chronic pulmonary disease(3 patients), digestive disease(2 patients), diabetes mellitus(3 patients), and chronic kidney disease(1 patients). Before admission, 22 patients received oral medication. The initial symptoms were fever and cough. The peak body temperature averaged(38.4±0.6)℃ The mean time from symptom onset to hospitalization was 15.0±7.7 days. The clinical classification was mainly severe type in 26 patients(87%). Laboratory examination revealed lower lymphocyte count(0.7±0.2)×109/L, and higher blood D-D dimer lever(6.9±13)μg/L. Serum lactate dehydrogenase(LDH) significantly increased(310±136)U/L. Serum C-reactive protein(61±52)mg/L and erythrocyte sedimentation rate(ESR)(66±38)mmol/L slightly increased. Imaging performance revealed that diffuse lesions were located in bilateral pulmonary parenchyma(22 patients) and in single pulmonary parenchyma(7 patients). Ground-glass opacity was found in all the patients, and the average number of CT examination during hospitalization was 3.5±1.3. Viral load revealed that nucleic acid in nasopharyngeal swabs of 30 patients was all positive, nucleic acid in the feces of 6 patients was positive, and nucleic acid in nasopharyngeal swab of 1 patient was positive, whose nucleic acid in alveolar lavage fluid was negative. Serum IgG antibody level was(157.5±29.2)AU/mL and IgM antibody level was(69.0±148.7)AU/mL. Complications included ARDS in 5 patients, AKI in 5 patients, cardiac injury in 3 patients, shock in 2 patients, nosocomial infection in 3 patients, coagulation disorder in 3 patients, and gastrointestinal bleeding in 3 patients. Finally, 5 patients received non-invasive mechanical ventilation and 2 patients received invasive mechanical ventilation. Another 2 patients underwent CRRT and 1 patient received CRRT plus ECMO. Of the 3 patients with critical type, 2 died and 1 survived. There were 25 patients who turned from severe type into normal type/light type, and 1 patient finally died(turned from severe type into critical type). In the end, 15 patients were cured and discharged. The average time of viral nucleic acid from positive to negative was 12.4±5.6 and the average time of lesion absorption in computer tomography was 16.9±5.8 days. The total hospital stay was 22.9±8.1 days, and the 28-day mortality rate was 6.7%. 【Conclusion】 COVID-19 in elderly patients is mostly severe and its initial symptoms are still fever and cough. Patients should be immediately hospitalized when symptoms develop. The time of viral nucleic acid transformation and imaging improvement is longer than that of others. The mortality in critically ill patients is higher than that of others. Clinicians should pay more attention to the elderly people.

13.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Surgery ; (12): 21-25, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908501

ABSTRACT

Colon cancer is one of the common digestive system tumors, and its incidence has an increased tendency. Comprehensive treatment based on surgery is still the current treatment. Although the laparoscopic technology of colorectal surgery in China has been rapidly developed in the past 30 years, there is no unified concept for the principles of colon cancer treatment, the scope of lymph node dissection is controversial, and the surgical approach is not unified. The author provides a detailed interpretation of the Chinese and Japanese laparoscopic colon cancer surgical dissection guidelines and technical standards based on Chinese Expert Consensus on Operation Standard of 4K Laparoscopic Surgery for Colorectal Cancer (2020 Edition), The Japanese Classification of Colorectal, Appendiceal and Anal Carcinoma (9th edition), The Guidelines for the Treatment of Colorectal Cancer (2019 edition) and Guideline for Operative Procedure of Laparoscopic Radical Resection of ColorectaI Cancer (2018 edition).

14.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 839-844, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-875817

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To screen the effective compo nent in antioxi dant active fraction of Pueraria lobata . METHODS :The antioxidant active fraction sample (S1-S20) of 20 batches of P. lobata were prepared. HPLC method was adopted. The determination was performed on SepaxBio-C 18 column with mobile phase consisted of methanol-water (gradient elution )at the flow rate of 0.6 mL/min. The column temperature was set at 25 ℃,and detection wavelength was set at 250 nm. HPLC fingerprints of 20 batches of P. lobata were established by the Similarity Evaluation System of TCM Chromatographic Fingerprints (2012 edition),and common peaks were identified. Cluster analysis ,principal component analysis (PCA)and orthogonal partial least squares discriminant analysis (OPLS-DA)were used to screen the effective components in antioxidant active fraction of P. lobata . RESULTS:There were 18 common peaks in HPLC fingerprints of 20 batches of antioxidant active fraction in P. lobata ,and the similarity was more than 0.99. Eight common peaks were identified ,which were 3′-hydroxypuerarin(peak 2),puerarin(peak 3), 3′-methoxypuerarin(peak 4),daidzein(peak 5),genistein(peak 7),formononetin(peak 11),daidzein(peak 13)and genistein (peak 16). The results of cluster analysis and PCA analysis showed that samples S 1,S3,S4,S6,S8,S18 and S 19 were clustered into one category ,and samples S 2,S5,S7,S9-S17 and S 20 were clustered into one category ;peak 2,peak 3,peak 10,peak 11 and peak 13 had great influence on principal component 1;peak 8 and peak 9 had great influence on principal component 2. OPLS-DA analysis showed that peak 4,peak 3,peak 2,peak 16,peak 13 and peak 11 had great influence on the quality of antioxidant active fraction of P. lobata . CONCLUSIONS : HPLC fingerprint for active fraction of P. lobata is established in the study and 8 components are identified ;among them , com puerarin,3′-hydroxypuerarin,daidzein and formononetin maybe the material basis of antioxidant fraction of P. lobata .

15.
International Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (6): 618-621, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882626

ABSTRACT

Transcranial doppler (TCD) is an important ultrasound technology for non-invasive cerebrovascular dynamic monitoring. It has been widely used in the evaluation of acupuncture efficacy and the mechanism studies of acupuncture effect. Based on the TCD measuring participants in the physiological or pathological conditions, acupuncture at different single points or groups of points, or different acupuncture methods, can cause overall benign regulatory effectoncerebral hemodynamics. The TCD can provide visual basis for clinical acupuncture scheme optimization. However, there are still some deficiencies in the setting of cerebral blood flow parameters, clinical design, and technical operation. We should start with the intereted diseases, conduct large sample RCT, pay attention to cross contrast with other cerebral blood flow detection technologies, and carry out standardized research on the influencing factors of Acupuncture manipulation, acupuncture Deqi, and stimulation parameters.

16.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3123-3132, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888052

ABSTRACT

The chemical constituents from the leaves of Ilex guayusa were investigated. Sixteen triterpenoids were isolated from the 95% ethanol extract of dried leaves of I. guayusa by silica gel, Sephadex LH-20, and ODS column chromatographies and semi-prepa-rative HPLC. Those triterpenoids were identified by NMR, HR-MS, and literature analysis: 3β-hydroxy-11α,12α-epoxy-24-nor-urs-4(23)-ene-28,13β-olide(1), 3β-hydroxy-24-nor-4(23),12-oleanadien-28-methyl ester(2), oleanolic acid(3), 3β,28-dihydroxy-12-oleanene(4), 2α,3β-dihydroxy-11α,12α-epoxy-24-'nor-olean-4(23)-ene-28,13β-olide(5), ursolic acid(6), 3β,23-dihydroxy ursolic acid(7), 3β,28-dihydroxy-12-ursene(8), 3β-28-nor-urs-12-ene-3,17-diol(9), 3β-hydroxyurs-11-ene-28,13β-olide(10), 13β,28-epoxy-3β-hydroxy-11-ursene(11), 3β-hydroxy-28,28-dimethoxy-12-ursene(12), 3β-hydroxy-24-nor-urs-4(23),12-dien-28-oic acid(13), 3β-hydroxy-24-nor-urs-4(23),12-dien-28-methyl ester(14), 2α,3β-dihydroxy-11α,12α-epoxy-24-nor-urs-4(23)-ene-28,13β-olide(15) and 2α,3β-dihydroxy-11α,12α-epoxy-24-nor-urs-4(23),20(30)-dien-28,13β-olide(16). Compounds 1-2 were new compounds, and compounds 4-5, 7 and 9-16 were isolated from I. guayusa for the first time.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Ilex guayusa , Molecular Structure , Oleanolic Acid , Plant Leaves , Triterpenes
17.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3364-3367, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887986

ABSTRACT

Mansoa alliacea,commonly known as garlic vine,is native to the tropical rain forests of South America and widely cultivated in South China. As a popular folk medicine with various biological activities,however,this plant remains to be fully elucidated in terms of its phytochemical constituents. In this study,two new pyranonaphthoquinones were isolated from the 95% ethanol extract of the leaves and twigs of M. alliacea by various chromatographic approaches including silica gel,octadecyl silica( ODS),Sephadex LH-20,and preparative high-performance liquid chromatography( PHPLC). Their structures were determined to be 8,9-dimethoxy-α-lapachone( 1) and 7-hydroxy-8,9-dimethoxy-α-lapachone( 2) by comprehensive spectroscopic analyses and therefore respectively named as mansonin A( 1) and mansonin B( 2).


Subject(s)
China , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Phytochemicals , Plant Leaves
18.
Clinics ; 76: e2167, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1249576

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: Leukoaraiosis is described as white matter lesions that are associated with cognitive dysfunction, neurodegenerative disorders, etc. Myelin depletion is a salient pathological feature of, and the loss of oligodendrocytes is one of the most robust alterations evident in, white matter degeneration. Recent studies have revealed that claudin proteins are aberrantly expressed in leukoaraiosis and regulate oligodendrocyte activity. However, the roles of claudin-1 and claudin-3 in oligodendrocytes and leukoaraiosis are still not well-defined. METHODS: Quantitative polymerase chain reaction was used to measure the expression of claudin-1 (CLDN1), claudin-3 (CLDN3), and myelinogenesis-related genes such as myelin basic protein (MBP), proteolipid protein (PLP), oligodendrocyte transcription factor 2 (OLIG2), and SRY-box transcription factor 10 (SOX10) in leukoaraiosis patients (n=122) and healthy controls (n=122). The expression of claudin-1 and claudin-3 was either ectopically silenced or augmented in Oli-neu oligodendrocytes, and colony formation, apoptosis, and migration assays were performed. Finally, the expression of myelin proteins was evaluated by western blotting. RESULTS: Our results revealed that in addition to SOX10, the expression levels of claudin-1, claudin-3, and myelinogenesis-related proteins were prominently downregulated in leukoaraiosis patients, compared to those in healthy controls. Furthermore, the growth and migration of Oli-neu cells were downregulated upon silencing claudin-1 or claudin-3. However, the overexpression of claudin-1 or claudin-3 resulted in the reduction of the degree of apoptosis in Oli-neu cells. In addition, claudin-1 and claudin-3 promoted the expression of MBP, OLIG2, PLP, and SOX10 at the translational level. CONCLUSION: Our data has demonstrated that the abnormal expression of claudin-1 and claudin-3 regulates the pathological progression of leukoaraiosis by governing the viability and myelination of oligodendrocytes. These findings provide novel insights into the regulatory mechanisms underlying the roles of claudin-1 and claudin-3 in leukoaraiosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Leukoaraiosis , Oligodendroglia , Claudin-1 , Claudin-3/genetics , Myelin Sheath
19.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 565-571, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008539

ABSTRACT

To establish the UPLC fingerprint of Zhongyi Angong Niuhuang Pills, in order to evaluate its quality by chemical pattern recognition. The method was developed on a column of Poroshell 120 EC-C_(18), with methanol-0.1% formic acid solution as the mobile phase for gradient elution at a flow rate of 0.4 mL·min~(-1). The column temperature was 30 ℃,and the detective wavelength was 254 nm. The similarity of 24 batches of Angong Niuhuang Pills was compared by using Traditional Chinese Medicine Chromatographic Fingerprint Similarity Evaluation System(2004 A). Hydrophobic cluster analysis,principal components analysis and partial least squares discriminant analysis were conducted by using SIMCA 13.0 software to investigate different components among these products. The UPLC characteristic fingerprint was established in this study. And 17 common peaks were identified by standard reference and UPLC-MS. The similarity of 24 batches samples were above 0.980,which can be classified into three categories for pattern recognition. Baicalin,berberine,jatrorrhizine,wogonin and wogonoside were identified as the main markers that cause differences of various batches. The method is simple,rapid,accurate and reproducible,and can provide scientific basis for improving the quality standard of Zhongyi Angong Niuhuang Pills.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/chemistry , Tandem Mass Spectrometry
20.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 433-440, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868985

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the effects of patellar position on the balance of soft tissue during the operation and the postoperative outcomes in minimally invasive total knee arthroplasty via a midvastus approach.Methods:From December 2018 to February 2019, a total of 55 patients were enrolled for primary total knee arthroplasty via a midvastus approach. All patients were randomly divided into 2 groups by random number table. During the operation, the gap balance technique was used with patella reduced or subluxated to complete the osteotomy and balance of soft tissue. The changes of gap and varus-valgus angle were compared between the patellar reduction group and the patellar subluxation group in both extension and flexion position. These data were also compared before and after reducing patellar in the patellar subluxation group. Furthermore, the differences of femoral prosthesis rotation, mechanical femoral axis to tibial axis angle, Knee Society score (KSS), visual analogue scale (VAS) and range of motion (ROM) were compared between the two groups.Results:All patients finished 6 months follow-up, including 27 patients in the patellar reduction group and 28 patients in the patellar subluxation group. After osteotomy and soft tissue balance during the operation, there was no significant difference in gap and varus-valgus angle between two groups in either extension or flexion position. While in the patellar subluxation group, the flexion gap was 10.5±0.3 mm with patella subluxated, less than 11.0 ± 0.3 mm after reducing the patella. The varus-valgus angle was 1.5±0.3 with patella subluxated, less than 2.3±0.4 degree after reducing the patella. The difference was statistically significant ( t=4.180, P<0.001; t=7.642, P<0.001). There was no significant difference in extension gap and varus-valgus angle before and after patella reduction in the patellar subluxation group ( P>0.05). The rotation angle of the femoral component in the patellar subluxation group was -0.49°±1.2°, and the external rotation angle was smaller than that in the patellar reduction group (0.24°±1.3°). The difference was statistically significant ( t=2.116, P=0.039). At one month after operation, ROM of the patellar reduction group was 109.6°±8.5° which was higher than that of the patellar subluxation group (104.9°±8.6°, t=2.048, P=0.046). There was no significant difference in ROM between the two groups at 3 and 6 months ( P>0.05). Moreover, there was no significant difference in KSS and VAS at 1, 3 and 6 months after operation ( P>0.05). Conclusion:In the minimally invasive total knee arthroplasty, it is suggested to balance the soft tissue as much as possible with the patellar reduced. Otherwise, the consequence of increased flexion space, increased varus and increased internal rotation of femoral prosthesis should be considered. The patients undergoing soft tissue balance with patella reduced have better ROM in the early stage postoperatively.

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