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1.
Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (12): 2584-2587, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1003905

ABSTRACT

Epidemic cerebrospinal meningitis shows a high degree of consistency with the law of transmission among wei (卫)-qi-ying (营)-blood, in terms of the onset of the season, contagiousness, symptoms, pathogenesis, as well as characteristics of the transmission. It is proposed to use epidemic cerebrospinal meningitis as an example to explore the underlying disease of wei-qi-ying-blood syndrome differentiation system. Epidemic meningitis invades the brain from the upper respiratory tract along the nervous system, and its overall pathogenesis follows from entering the lung system (prodromal period) to entering the blood (bacteremia period, sepsis period) and then entering the brain (shock period). According to the four-dimensional qualitative principle of epidemic pathogen tropism, it corresponds to disease of both wei and qi syndrome, then blazing of both qi and ying syndrome, and then heat blocking pericardium, exuberant heat stirring wind, and internal block and external collapse syndrome. This article explored the laws of transmission among wei-qi-ying-blood and its underlying diseases described in On Warm Heat (《温热论》), and revealed the original appearance of the disease model under the laws of transmission among wei-qi-ying-blood to guide the clinical practice.

2.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 1440-1445, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-997052

ABSTRACT

@#Objective     To analyze the etiologies, surgical treatment and outcomes of retrograde type A aortic dissection (RTAD) after thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) for Stanford type B aortic dissection. Methods     The clinical data of patients with RTAD after TEVAR for Stanford type B aortic dissection receiving operations in Changhai Hospital from March 2014 to August 2018 were analyzed. All patients were followed-up by clinic interview or telephone. Results     A total of 16 patients were enrolled, including 13 males and 3 females with a mean age of 49.1±12.2 years. The main symptoms of RTAD were chest pain in 12 patients, headache in 1 patient, conscious disturbance in 1 patient, and asymptomatic in 2 patients. All the 16 patients received total arch replacement with the frozen elephant trunk technique. Bentall procedure was used in 2 patients, aortic root plasticity in 10 patients and aortic valve replacement in 1 patient. The primary tear in 10 patients was located in the area which were anchored by bare mental stent, and in the other 6 patients it was located in the anterior part of ascending aorta. The mean cardiopulmonary bypass time was 152.2±29.4 min, aortic cross-clamping time was 93.6±27.8 min and selective cerebral perfusion time was 29.8±8.3 min. There was no death in hospital or within postoperative 30 days. The follow-up period was 32-85 (57.4±18.3) months. No death occurred during the follow-up period. One patient underwent TEVAR again 3 years after this operation and had an uneventful survival. Conclusion     Total arch replacement with the frozen elephant trunk technique is a suitable strategy for the management of RTAD after TEVAR for Stanford type B aortic dissection.

3.
Chinese Journal of Hospital Administration ; (12): 61-66, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996036

ABSTRACT

Objective:To establish a graded post management system for specialist nurses in medical institutions, so as to provide a reference for the selection, stratification, employment, and promotion of specialist nurses in China.Methods:Through literature review and brainstorming, the primary screening indicators of the graded post indicator management system for specialist nurses were constructed. Two rounds of Delphi method were used to consult 25 experts to construct the graded post management system for specialist nurses.Results:The effective recovery rates for two rounds of consultation were 100% and 96%, respectively, with expert authority coefficients of 0.86 and 0.89, and Kendall harmony coefficients of 0.31 and 0.54. The final establishment of a specialist nurses graded post management indicator system included 8 first level indicators, 31 second level indicators.Conclusions:The graded post management indicator system for specialist nurse could provide theoretical support for the management of specialist nurse. It was conducive to clarifying the admission standards and hierarchical framework for specialist nurses, standardizing the establishment of positions and responsibilities, and improving the competition and incentive mechanism.

4.
Chinese Journal of Organ Transplantation ; (12): 178-182, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994649

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical outcomes of recipients with refractory heart failure requiring an insertion of mechanical circulation support(MCS)device prior to heart transplantation(HT).Methods:From March 2017 to December 2021, retrospective review is performed for clinical data of 7 recipients with refractory heart failure requiring a bridging placement of MCS.There are 2 males and 5 females with an average age of(39.0±16.3)years(7~56 years)and an average weight of(57.6±19.9)kg(7~56 kg).The primary diseases of recipients are dilated cardiomyopathy(4 cases)severe viral myocarditis(2 cases)and ischemic cardiomyopathy(1 case).All of them develope acute decompensation of congestive heart failure.Before implanting MCS, two or more inotropic drugs are offered at maximal doses ages or IABP device, 6 cases required cardio-pulmonary resuscitation treatment and another patient for Heartcon assistance.All the patients bridge to heart transplatation.Results:Adjuvant therapy of MCS was offered for(20.0±11.5)d(7~34 d).Emergency HT is performed.Two post-HT deaths occurr due to multiple organ failure(1 case)and severe infection(1 case).The remainders recover smoothly during a follow-up period of(6~24 months).Conclusions:MCS device is recommended as a bridging too for HT recipients with refractory heart failure.It is imperative to improve clinical outcomes with MCS support before an onset of multiple organ dysfunction.Despite a perioperative mortality, long-term prognosis is generally satisfactory.

5.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 100-2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-959026

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effect of preoperative pulmonary artery pressure on perioperative prognosis of the recipients with end-stage heart failure undergoing heart transplantation. Methods Clinical data of 105 recipients receiving heart transplantation were retrospectively analyzed. The mean pulmonary artery pressure (mPAP) was used as the diagnostic criterion. The optimal cut-off value of mPAP for predicting perioperative prognosis of heart transplant recipients was determined. According to the optimal cut-off value of mPAP, all recipients were divided into the low mPAP group (n=66) and high mPAP group (n=39). Intraoperative indexes (cardiopulmonary bypass time, aortic occlusion time, assisted circulation time and cold ischemia time of donor heart) and postoperative indexes [intra-aortic balloon pump (IABP) support rate, IABP support time, extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) support rate, ECMO support time, mechanical ventilation time, length of ICU stay, incidence of moderate and severe tricuspid regurgitation and perioperative mortality rate] were compared between the low and high mPAP groups. The prognosis of the two groups was compared. Results The optimal cut-off value of mPAP in predicting clinical prognosis of heart transplant recipients was 30.5 mmHg. In the high mPAP group, the ECMO support rate and perioperative mortality rate were higher than those in the low mPAP group (both P < 0.05). No significant differences were observed in the cardiopulmonary bypass time, aortic occlusion time, assisted circulation time, cold ischemia time of donor heart, IABP support rate, IABP support time, ECMO support time, mechanical ventilation time, length of ICU stay and incidence of moderate and severe tricuspid regurgitation between two groups (all P > 0.05). No significant differences were noted in the 1-, 2-, 3- and 4- survival rates between two groups (all P > 0.05). Conclusions Preoperative mPAP in patients with end-stage heart failure is intimately correlated with perioperative prognosis of heart transplant recipients. The optimal cut-off value of mPAP in predicting perioperative prognosis of heart transplant recipients is 30.5 mmHg. In the high mPAP group, perioperative ECMO support rate and perioperative mortality rate are high, which do not affect the medium and long-term prognosis of the recipients undergoing heart transplantation.

6.
Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 258-262, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982728

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the relationship between sleep status and the disease in children with recurrent vertigo(RVC) by analyzing the objective sleep condition of children with recurrent vertigo. Methods:According to the diagnostic criteria of RVC, 50 children with RVC and 20 normal controls without RVC were selected. According to the vertigo questionnaire score, the RVC group was divided into mild, moderate and severe groups according to severity. Continuous polysomnography(PSG) was performed for all participants, and SPSS 25.0 statistical software was used to analyze the monitoring results. Results:①There were significant differences in sleep time of each period, total sleep time and sleep efficiency between RVC group and control group(P<0.05), but there was no significant difference in sleep latency(P>0.05). The specific manifestations were that the proportion of sleep time in N1 and N2 phases increased, the proportion of sleep time in N3 and REM phases decreased, the total sleep time and sleep efficiency decreased in RVC group. ②The abnormal rate of sleep apnea hypopnea index, that is, the proportion of AHI≥5 times/h and the abnormal rate of lowest blood oxygen saturation in RVC group were higher than those in normal control group. There was significant difference between the two groups(P<0.05). ③There were significant differences in the proportion of AHI≥5 times/h and lowest SpO2 among mild group, moderate group and severe group(P<0.05). ④There was no significant correlation between the degree of vertigo and the abnormal rate of AHI in children with RVC, but there was a negative correlation between the degree of vertigo and the abnormal rate of lowest SpO2 in children with RVC. Conclusion:Children with RVC are often accompanied by sleep disorders, clinicians should pay attention to both the symptoms of vertigo and sleep condition in children. Polysomnography is non-invasive and operable, providing a new idea to the auxiliary examination of RVC in children. It is of certain clinical significance for the comprehensive treatment of children with RVC to actively improve vertigo symptoms and pay attention to improving sleep quality.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Polysomnography , Sleep Apnea, Obstructive/diagnosis , Sleep , Dizziness , Vertigo/diagnosis
7.
Chinese Journal of Radiological Medicine and Protection ; (12): 915-921, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993027

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate chromosomal aberrations in peripheral blood lymphocytes of underground miners, in order to explore the influencing factors involved in chromosomal aberration levels of non-uranium metal mines.Methods:Totall 135 workers were recruited from an iron mine and a gold mine located in different cities of Henan province, where 69 workers worked aboveground and 66 miners worked underground in the metal mines. The radon concentration in the mines was measured by solid-state nuclear track detectors. Chromosomal aberrations in peripheral blood lymphocytes from the subjects were detected using conventional analysis method, and the influence factors of chromosomal aberrations were analyzed.Results:Radon concentration was 30-2 943 Bq/m 3 in the aboveground workplace of the mines, and 62-28 314 Bq/m 3 in underground. The age of the underground group was obviously lower than that of the aboveground group( t=2.12, P<0.05), but the frequencies of dicentrics, translocation, acentric fragment, and total chromosome-type aberrations in the underground group were significantly higher than those in the aboveground group ( χ2=10.49, 16.74, 8.15, 29.50, P<0.01). Consistent results were obtained when only male workers were regarded as object of observation ( χ2=8.44, 11.63, 4.94, 20.81, P<0.05). The frequency of translocation ( χ2=8.44, P<0.05) was dependent on the length of service in the underground group. Poisson regression analysis indicated that the aboveground and undergroud grouping partly affected the levels of dicentrics, translocation, acentric fragment, and total chromosome-type aberrations (the underground group IRR=3.25, 2.69, 1.97, 2.18, P<0.05). Conclusions:The radon exposure in the underground workplace of the metal mines may be the main factor resulting in the increase of chromosome-type aberrations of miners. The occupational health and safety of the miners who may be exposed to high radon levels are worthy of great attention.

8.
Chinese Journal of Radiological Medicine and Protection ; (12): 851-856, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956871

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of irradiation on the expression of miR-150-5p and miR-23a-3p in human peripheral blood serum by collecting peripheral blood of tumor patients before and after radiotherapy, so as to provide scientific basis for finding radiation biomarkers.Methods:A total of 63 tumor patients treated with radiotherapy from October 2021 to March 2022 were enrolled in this study. The relative expression levels of miR-150-5p and miR-23a-3p in peripheral blood serum in these patients were detected using the real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR (qPCR) before and after radiotherapy. The differential changes in the expression levels of the two miRNAs in the peripheral blood serum of the patients before and after radiotherapy were compared, and their relationships with factors such as cancer types were analyzed.Results:The relative expression levels of miR-150-5p and miR-23a-3p in peripheral blood serum of the patients after radiotherapy were significantly lower than those before radiotherapy ( t = 4.97, Z = -2.77, P < 0.05). Among different cancer types, the relative expression level of miR-150-5p in the patients with breast cancer, esophageal cancer, or other digestive tract cancer decreased after radiotherapy ( t = 3.47, 2.47, 2.87, P < 0.05), and the relative expression level of miR-23a-3p in the patients with digestive tract cancer decreased after radiotherapy ( Z = -1.99, P < 0.05). The changes in the expression level of miR-150-5p before and after radiotherapy were not affected by gender, age, chemotherapy, and cancer type ( P > 0.05). By contrast, the changes in the expression level of miR-23a-3p before and after radiotherapy were significantly affected by gender, age, and chemotherapy ( t=2.04, -3.34, -2.29, P<0.05). Conclusions:The expression of miR-150-5p in the serum of tumor patients may be affected by radiotherapy, which has the potential to be used as a biological indicator of radiation.

9.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 815-820, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923284

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the association between baseline IgM level and treatment response to ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA) in patients with primary biliary cholangitis (PBC). Methods A retrospective analysis was performed for the clinical data of 637 PBC patients who were diagnosed and treated with UDCA for the first time in The Fifth Medical Center of Chinese PLA General Hospital from January 2010 to January 2020. The PBC patients were divided into UDCA complete response group with 436 patients and UDCA poor response group with 201 patients, and baseline clinical data were compared between the two groups. According to the optimal cut-off value of IgM determined by the area under the ROC curve (AUC) of baseline indices in predicting the risk of poor treatment response, the patients were divided into IgM ≥1.5×ULN group and IgM < 1.5×ULN group, and baseline parameters, treatment response, and prognostic model score were compared between groups. The t -test was used for comparison of normally distributed continuous data between two groups, and the Mann-Whitney U test was used for comparison of non-normally distributed continuous data between two groups; the chi-square test was used for comparison of categorical data between two groups. The Cochran-Mantel-Haenszel test was used for subgroup analysis, and forest plots were plotted for related risk values. Results Compared with the UDCA complete response group, the UDCA poor response group had significantly higher proportion of patients with liver cirrhosis, levels of total bilirubin, aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), total bile acid, total cholesterol (TC), IgA, and IgM, and positive rate of anti-Gp210 antibody at baseline ( χ 2 =4.596, Z =-9.932, -8.931, -8.361, -7.836, -4.694, -3.242, and -2.115, χ 2 =15.931, all P < 0.05). The UDCA poor response group had significantly higher Mayo Risk Score, Globe score, and UK-PBC risk score than the UDCA complete response group ( t =4.092, Z =-10.910 and -11.646, all P < 0.001). Compared with the normal IgM group, the elevated IgM group had significantly higher levels of AST, ALP, TC, IgA, and IgG and a significantly higher positive rate of anti-Gp210 antibody ( Z =-3.774, -5.063, -4.344, -2.051, and -6.144, χ 2 =25.180, all P < 0.05). IgM had an AUC of 0.552 in predicting poor treatment response. Compared with the IgM < 1.5×ULN group, the IgM ≥1.5×ULN group had significantly higher levels of AST, ALP, TC, and IgG, a significantly higher positive rate of anti-Gp210 antibody, and a significantly higher poor UDCA response rate ( Z =-4.193, -5.044, -3.250, and -5.465, χ 2 =25.204 and 8.948, all P < 0.05). IgM ≥1.5×ULN had an odds ratio of 1.416 (95% confidence interval [ CI ]: 1.129-1.776, P =0.003) in predicting poor response. The subgroup analysis showed that for patients without liver cirrhosis, IgM ≥1.5×ULN had an odds ratio of 1.821 (95% CI : 1.224-2.711, P =0.003) in predicting poor response. Conclusion Baseline IgM level has an important value in predicting UDCA response. IgM level should be closely monitored during treatment in PBC patients with a high baseline IgM level, and second-line drugs should be given in time if the abnormality persists.

10.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 656-659, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922975

ABSTRACT

The imbalance of immune tolerance plays a key role in the pathogenesis of autoimmune hepatitis (AIH), and the abnormal expression of coinhibitory signal molecules for regulatory T cells (Treg) may be one of the important reasons for the destruction of autoantigen tolerance. As a coinhibitory signal molecule, T-cell immunoglobulin and immunoreceptor tyrosine-based inhibitory motif domain (TIGIT) is an inhibitory receptor mainly expressed on Treg. This article elaborates on the immune mechanism of Treg associated with AIH and the role of TIGIT in the development, progression, and treatment of autoimmune diseases, so as to find the treatment strategy with TIGIT as the candidate target for AIH.

11.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 493-497, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927413

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the curative effect of panlong needling at Jiaji (EX-B 2) combined with western medication and western medication alone on motor dysfunction in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) of liver and kidney deficiency.@*METHODS@#A total of 98 patients with PD were randomly divided into an acupuncture and medication group (49 cases, 1 case dropped off) and a western medication group (49 cases,1 case was removed). The patients in the western medication group were given oral of levodopa and benserazide hydrochloride tablets, 125 mg each time, three times a day in the 1st week, and the dose was increased according to the needs of the patients' condition from the 2nd week until 250 mg each time, three times a day, for 16 consecutive weeks. On the basis of the same western medication treatment as the western medication group, panlong needling was applied at Jiaji (EX-B 2) from C2 to L5 in the acupuncture and medication group, once a day, 20 times as a course of treatment, for 4 consecutive courses. The scores of unified Parkinson's disease rating scale (UPDRS-Ⅲ, UPDRS-Ⅳ), TCM symptoms score, and 39-item Parkinson's disease questionnaire (PDQ-39) score were evaluated before treatment, after treatment and during follow-up of 1 month after treatment, respectively. The safety of the two groups was compared.@*RESULTS@#After treatment and during follow-up, except the PDQ-39 score of the western medication group, the scores of UPDRS-Ⅲ, UPDRS-Ⅳ, TCM syndrome and PDQ-39 were lower than those before treatment in the two groups (P<0.05), and the scores of above indexes in the acupuncture and medication group were lower than those of the western medication group (P<0.05). The total incidence of adverse reactions in the acupuncture and medication group was 10.4% (5/48), which was lower than 29.2% (14/48) in the western medication group (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Panlong needling at Jiaji (EX-B 2) combined with western medication could significantly improve the motor dysfunction and clinical symptoms, improve the quality of life and has high safety, and the efficacy is superior to western medication alone.


Subject(s)
Humans , Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Chlorophenols , Kidney , Liver , Parkinson Disease/therapy , Quality of Life , Treatment Outcome
12.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 488-2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-976116

ABSTRACT

@#Objective - ( ) To analyze the occurrence pattern of work related musculoskeletal disorders WMSDs among workers Methods in a shipyard based on latent category model. A total of 446 workers from a shipyard in Guangdong Province were selected as the research subjects using convenience sampling method. The prevalence of WMSDs in the past year was , investigated using China Musculoskeletal Questionnaire and the occurrence patterns of WMSDs were analyzed by latent class. Results ( ) The prevalence of WMSDs in the past year was 71.1% 317/446 . The prevalence of WMSDs in single site was 24.4% ( ), ( ) - 109/446 and was 46.6% 208/446 in multiple sites. The prevalence of WMSDs in multiple sites was 3.9 17.3 times higher than that in single site. The fitting results of latent class model showed that the model with three latent classes was the best - ( ), model. The three potential categories of WMSDs occurrence patterns in the study subjects were the all site group 28 patients ( ), ( ), , the neck and lower back/waistgroup 153 patients and the few or no site group 265 patients accounting for 6.3% 34.3% , Conclusion and 59.4% respectively. WMSDs of shipyard workers have obvious category characteristics. Latent class analysis can be used to explore the occurrence pattern of WMSDs in shipyard workers.

13.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 372-377, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935613

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the efficacy and safety of enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) in perioperative management of patients with gallbladder carcinoma. Methods: The data of the patients with gallbladder carcinoma admitted at Peking Union Medical College Hospital between January 2017 and December 2021 were analyzed retrospectively. There were 69 males(42.1%) and 95 females(57.9%),with age of (64.0±10.3) years(range:37 to 89 years). Patients were divided into ERAS group(n=53) and normal group(n=111) according to whether they were treated with ERAS measures during the perioperative period.The basic characteristics of the two groups were matched by propensity score matching,and then the perioperative information was compared between the two groups. Categorical variables were presented as absolute numbers or frequencies. Differences between study groups were analyzed using χ2 test, Fisher's exact test, t-test, or Mann-Whitney U test, as appropriate. Results: Each group had 45 patients after propensity score matching with well-balanced basic characteristics. There was no difference in basic characteristics, operation time,bleeding,complication,and hospitalization expenses between two groups(all P>0.05). Compared with the normal group,time of ambulation (M(IQR)) (1(1) day vs. 2(2) days;Z=-3.839,P<0.01),postoperative anal exhaust time (2(1) days vs. 3(1) days;Z=-3.013,P=0.003),feeding time(2(1) days vs. 2(1) days;Z=-3.647,P<0.01),postoperative (5(2) days vs. 7(4) days;Z=-3.984,P<0.01) and total(8(4) days vs. 13(6) days;Z=-3.605,P<0.01) hospitalization time were shorter in ERAS group. Postoperative complications occurred in 12 patients. According to the Clavien-Dindo classification,6,4,and 2 patients were classified as grade Ⅰ,Ⅱ,and Ⅲa,respectively. Conclusion: The ERAS measures is safe and effective for perioperative management of patients with gallbladder carcinoma, enhancing patient recovery and shortening hospitalization time without increasing complication or hospitalization cost.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Enhanced Recovery After Surgery , Gallbladder Neoplasms/surgery , Length of Stay , Postoperative Complications , Propensity Score , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
14.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 1540-1544, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-953553

ABSTRACT

@#We reported a 54-year-old female patient with severe tricuspid regurgitation, who received mechanic valve in the mitral position 15 years ago. The patient’s Society of Thoracic Surgeons score was 8.27%, and was intolerant to open heart surgery, so she was recommended for transcatheter tricuspid valve replacement via right vena jugularis interna. The procedures were guided by echocardiography and X ray fluoroscopy on November 13, 2021, the prosthesis was implanted successfully, and the patient was recoved without any adverse events. After 1 month follow-up, her general condition was apparently improved.

15.
Chinese Journal of Radiological Medicine and Protection ; (12): 886-891, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910412

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate biological dose and retrospective biodosimetry of a case of large area back skin injury caused by suspected interventional procedure.Methods:Peripheral blood from the patient was collected at about 7 months after interventional procedure, and the chromosomal aberrations in peripheral blood cells were analyzed to evaluate the retrospective biodosimetry using the correction factor of dose estimation, Dolphin′s model and Qdr method, respectively. Results:Based on the amounts of semi-automated dic and manually detected dic plus ring, the whole-body average absorbed dose of the victim was estimated to be 0.68-0.95 Gy by four different dose response curves. Over dispersion of dic or dic plus ring was also detected, and the efficiency of dose assessment was obviously increased using dic semi-automatic detection. Based on three different retrospective biodosimetry models, the estimated average absorbed dose was further corrected to be between 1.80-2.86 Gy, which was consistent with clinical diagnosis of degree Ⅳ radiation skin injury.Conclusions:A case of suspected radiation skin injury was confirmed by chromosomal aberration analysis and it’s biodosimetry was reconstructed, suggesting that the unstable chromosomal aberration analysis may be applicable to assess the retrospective biodosimetry of non-uniform local radiation exposure.

16.
Chinese Journal of Radiological Medicine and Protection ; (12): 705-710, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910381

ABSTRACT

The application of chromosome translocation to retrospective biodosimetry for A-bomb survivors, the victims previously exposed to nuclear/ radiation accident has experienced nearly 40 years of development. Retrospective biodosimetry was internationally paid close attention to radiation workers, exposed atomic veterans and medical exposure subjects, respectively, along with the development of molecular cytogenetic technology such as mFISH and cGH. And the remarkable breakthrough and progress have been made in recent years. This paper reviews the progress of translocation indicator as retrospective biodosimetry for the subjects, in order to provide a reference for retrospective dose estimation based on translocation analysis.

17.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 1459-1465, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877338

ABSTRACT

Autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) is an immune-mediated inflammatory injury of hepatocytes, which can develop into liver cirrhosis and end-stage liver disease. Timely immunosuppressive therapy can help patients achieve biochemical remission and even histological remission and thus improve prognosis. However, adverse drug reactions during treatment and recurrence after withdrawal are commonly seen, and therefore, standard therapy, dose reduction at the right time, and timely drug withdrawal are important for improving patients’ prognosis. This article summarizes the advances in guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of AIH and related studies in China and globally, so as to provide a reference for clinicians in the treatment of AIH.

18.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 99-103, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873605

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To analyze the etiologies, operation techniques and outcomes of redo aortic root replacement after cardiac surgery. Methods    Between December 2013 and December 2019, 30 patients who had at least one previous cardiac operation received aortic root replacement in our hospital, including 20 males and 10 females with an average age of 50.4±12.7 years. The mean time interval between this operation and the previous one was 8.0±8.5 years. The principal indication for surgery was aortic sinus dilatation and ascending aortic aneurysm in 14 patients (47%), acute aortic dissection in 5 patients (17%), pseudoaneurysm in 3 patients (10%), prosthetic valve endocarditis in 4 patients (13%), prosthetic leakage in 4 patients (13%). Bentall procedure was used in all 30 patients, with concomitant mitral valve plasticity or replacement in 5 patients, tricuspid valve plasticity in 6 patients, coronary artery bypass grafting in 3 patients, and total aortic arch replacement and elephant trunk procedure in 2 patients. Results    The mean cardiopulmonary bypass time was 96-296 (161.3±43.0) min, and the mean aortic occlusion time was 48-117 (85.7±20.4) min. There were 5 in-hospital deaths with an overall in-hospital mortality of 17%. The causes of deaths were low cardiac output syndrome in 2 patients and septic shock in 3 patients. The follow-up time was 3-75 (33.5±21.1) months. Three patients died during the follow-up, 1 patient died of septic shock and 2 died of cerebral hemorrhage. Conclusion    Redo aortic root replacement is difficult to deal with, and the risk is high. Preoperative evaluation is required, appropriate surgical approach, adequate myocardial protection, and a complete surgical plan are essential to ensure the success of the operation.

19.
Chinese Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 208-211, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885814

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize the results and methods of surgical treatment for type A aortic dissection with small true lumen of the descending aorta.Methods:9 patients underwent surgical treatment for type A aortic dissection with small true lumen of the descending aorta between January 2017 and December 2019 were analyzed retrospectively. There were 7 males and 2 females, mean age of (41.6±9.2) years. Acute dissection were 2 cases, and chronic dissection were 7 cases. Preoerative computed tomography was used to diagnose the dissection and evaluate the true lumen of the descending aorta. This procedure was done in all patients via a median sternotomy under hypothermic CPB with SCP. 4-branched prosthetic graft was used to replace the ascending aorta and aortic arch. The procedures involving the descending aorta: Hybrid surgery using TEVAR. Distal intimal flap fenestration. Implanting the intraoperative stent-graft or prosthetic graft at false lumen for second-step operation.Results:There was no in-hospital mortality. Stroke, Spinal cord, visceral ischemia and lower limbs malfunction were not observed. Reintervention was not found in case with acute dissection during follow-up. One patient who reveived fenestration underwent TEVAR, others with chronic dissection underwent thoracoabdominal aortic replacement 3 months after surgery.Conclusion:Hybrid or staged procedures was a suitable alternative to patients with type A aortic dissection with small true lumen of the descending aorta.

20.
Protein & Cell ; (12): 877-888, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922482

ABSTRACT

A new coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) has been identified as the etiologic agent for the COVID-19 outbreak. Currently, effective treatment options remain very limited for this disease; therefore, there is an urgent need to identify new anti-COVID-19 agents. In this study, we screened over 6,000 compounds that included approved drugs, drug candidates in clinical trials, and pharmacologically active compounds to identify leads that target the SARS-CoV-2 papain-like protease (PLpro). Together with main protease (M


Subject(s)
Humans , Antiviral Agents/therapeutic use , Binding Sites , COVID-19/virology , Coronavirus Papain-Like Proteases/metabolism , Crystallography, X-Ray , Drug Evaluation, Preclinical , Drug Repositioning , High-Throughput Screening Assays/methods , Imidazoles/therapeutic use , Inhibitory Concentration 50 , Molecular Dynamics Simulation , Mutagenesis, Site-Directed , Naphthoquinones/therapeutic use , Protease Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Protein Structure, Tertiary , Recombinant Proteins/isolation & purification , SARS-CoV-2/isolation & purification
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