Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 138
Filter
1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936046

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the factors affecting the success of conversion therapy in patients with initially unresectable colorectal cancer liver metastases (CRLM) in order to provide evidence-based medical evidence for formulating individualized treatment strategies for patients. Methods: A retrospective case-control study was used in this study. Clinical data of 232 patients with initially unresectable CRLM receiving first-line systemic treatment in Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center from January 2013 to January 2020 were collected, including 98 patients of successful conversion and 134 patients of failed conversion as control. Conversion therapy scheme: 38 patients received FOLFOXIRI regimen chemotherapy (irinotecan, oxaliplatin, calcium folinate and fluorouracil), 152 patients received FOLFOX regimen (oxaliplatin, calcium folinate and fluorouracil), 19 patients received FOLRIRI regimen (irinotecan, calcium folinate and fluorouracil), 23 patients received systemic chemotherapy combined with fluorouridine hepatic artery infusion chemotherapy; 168 patients received targeted therapy, including 68 of bevacizumab and 100 of cetuximab. Logistics analysis was used to compare the factors affecting the success of conversion therapy. The Kaplan-Meier method was used to calculate progression-free survival (PFS), and the Log-rank test was used for survival comparison. Results: Among 232 patients, 98 patients had successful conversions and 134 patients had failed conversions with a successful conversion rate of 42.2%, meanwhile 30 patients underwent simple hepatectomy and 68 underwent hepatectomy combined with intraoperative radiofrequency ablation. After first-line chemotherapy, 111 patients (47.8%) were partial remission, 57 patients (24.6%) were stable disease, and 64 patients (27.6%) were progression disease. During the median follow-up of 18.8 (1.0-87.9) months, 148 patients were dead or with tumor progression. The median PFS time of patients with successful conversion was longer than that of patients with failed conversion (31.0 months vs. 9.9 months, P<0.001). Univariate analysis found that the bilobar distribution of liver tumors (P=0.003), elevated baseline carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) levels (P=0.024), tumor invasion of the portal vein (P=0.001), number of metastatic tumor>8 (P<0.001), non-FOLFOXIRI (P=0.005), and no targeted therapy (P=0.038) were high risk factors for the failed conversion therapy. The results of multivariate logistics analysis indicated that the number of metastatic tumor >8 (OR=2.422, 95%CI: 1.291-4.544, P=0.006), portal vein invasion (OR=2.727, 95%CI: 1.237-4.170, P=0.008) were the independent risk factors for failed conversion therapy, while FOLFOXIRI regimen (OR=0.300, 95%CI: 0.135-0.666, P=0.003) and targeted drugs (OR=0.411, 95%CI: 0.209-0.809, P=0.010) were independent protective factors for successful conversion therapy. Conclusions: The number of metastatic tumor and portal vein invasion are key factors that affect the outcomes of conversion therapy for initially unresectable CRLM. If a patient can tolerate chemotherapy, a combination program of three-drug and targeted therapy is preferred for the active conversion therapy.


Subject(s)
Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/therapeutic use , Camptothecin/therapeutic use , Case-Control Studies , Colorectal Neoplasms/drug therapy , Fluorouracil/therapeutic use , Humans , Leucovorin/therapeutic use , Liver Neoplasms/drug therapy , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935903

ABSTRACT

Golgi protein 73 (GP73) is a transmembrane protein on the Golgi apparatus and can be cut and released into the blood. In recent years, an increasing number of clinical studies have shown that the elevated serum GP73 level is closely related to liver diseases. And thus GP73 is expected to be used as a new serum marker for assessing progress of chronic liver diseases. Herein, the clinical application of serum GP73 in chronic hepatitis, liver fibrosis, liver cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma with different etiologies was reviewed based on available literatures; and a research outlook in this field is made.


Subject(s)
Biomarkers , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular , Golgi Apparatus , Humans , Liver Cirrhosis , Liver Neoplasms
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909474

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the effect of senescence gene silent information regulator 6 (Sirt6) knockout on the brain of aged mice.Methods:Sirt6-flox transgenic mice were constructed, and the mouse brain tissue was specifically knocked out by Emx1-Cre tool mice.According to genotyping, 11 wild-type mice were selected as control group(WT group) and 10 Sirt6 gene konckout mice were selected as conditional knockout group(cKO group). Body size and body weight of the aged mice were measured and cerebral cortex thickness was measured by HE staining.Brain neurogenesis was analyzed with EdU markers.The expression of RNA-binding protein HuR and apoptosis-related protein Caspase-3 were detected by Western blot.Meanwhile, histone acetylation levels in the cortex were detected.Results:Sirt6 brain tissue-specific knocked out mice were successfully constructed.Compared with the brain tissue area((2.07±0.22) cm 2)and cortical thickness ((970.56±80.91) μm) of WT mice in the 12-month-old group, the brain tissue area ((1.61±0.14)cm 2) and cortical thickness ((822.88±53.94) μm) in Sirt6 cKO group were smaller, and the differences were statistically significant (both P<0.05). EdU incorporation into nerve cells showed that the number of EdU incorporation into periventricular nerve cells in cKO group was lower ((4.75±1.48)) than that in WT group ((10.29±1.93)). The difference was statistically significant ( P<0.001). In the experiment of 17 months age group, mice in cKO group were smaller in body size, lower in body weight ((29.00±1.08) g) and smaller in brain area ((1.54±0.55)cm 2)compared with WT group in body size, body weight ((35.25±4.17) g) and brain tissue area ((1.98±0.18) cm 2)(both P<0.05). The expression of Caspase-3 and HuR in cortical proteins of these two age groups decreased( t=2.95, 5.38, both P<0.05), and the expression of H3K9ac and H3K56ac increased( t=3.53, 2.78, both P<0.05), but the expression of Sirt1 homologous gene remained unchanged( t=1.26, P>0.05). Conclusion:The specific deletion of Sirt6 in brain tissue can lead to the decrease of brain neurogenesis in aged mice, and the aggravation of aging and the increase of apoptosis, which may be the reason for the thinning of cerebral cortex and brain tissue atrophy.The molecular mechanism is speculated to be related to the increase of acetylation level after Sirt6 knockout

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869929

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the optimized effect of erector spinae plane block (ESPB) combined with general anesthesia when used for the patients undergoing laparoscopic pancreaticoduodenectomy.Methods:Sixty-eight American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status Ⅱ orⅢ patients of both sexes, aged 18-64 yr, with body mass index of 18-24 kg/m 2, scheduled for elective laparoscopic pancreaticoduodenectomy, were divided into general anesthesia group (group G, n=34) and ESPB combined with general anesthesia group (group EG, n=34) using a random number table method.In group E, ultrasound-guided ESPB was performed before induction with general anesthesia, and 0.375% ropivacaine 20 ml was injected into both sides.Total intravenous anesthesia was applied in both groups.Patient-controlled intravenous analgesia (PCIA) with sufentanil 1.5 g/kg in 100 ml of normal saline was performed after surgery.The PCIA pump was set up to deliver a 2 ml bolus dose with a 5-min lockout interval and background infusion at 3 ml/h.Analgesia was performed until 24 h after operation, and the visual analogue scale score at rest was maintained at ≤4.Sufentanil 0.1 g/kg was intravenously injected as rescue analgesic when visual analogue scale score >4.The extubation time and occurrence of intraoperative cardiovascular events were recorded.The amount of sufentanil used during operation and within 24 h after operation was recorded.The time to first pressing the analgesia pump after operation and effective pressing times of PCA within 24 h after operation were recorded.Time to first flatus, first ambulation time and length of postoperative hospital stay were recorded.The development of postoperative adverse reactions such as nausea and vomiting, irritability and respiratory depression within 24 h after operation was recorded. Results:Compared with group G, the incidence of intraoperative hypertension and tachycardia was significantly decreased, the extubation time was shortened, the consumption of sufentanil during operation and within 24 h after operation was reduced, the time to first pressing the analgesia pump was prolonged, the effective pressing times of PCA within 24 h after operation were reduced, time to first flatus, first ambulation time and length of postoperative hospital stay were shortened, and the incidence of nausea and vomiting, irritability and respiratory depression within 24 h after operation was decreased in group EG ( P<0.05). Conclusion:The combination of ESPB and general anesthesia is helpful in achieving an anesthesia mode of lower opioid consumption and more helpful for inhibition of postoperative pain responses and for early postoperative recovery than general anesthesia alone when used for the patients undergoing laparoscopic pancreaticoduodenectomy.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-824941

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the clinical efficacy of Ba-pulling and Qian-traction manipulation with neck suspension and movement for acute cervical radiculopathy. Methods: A total of 85 patients who met the inclusion criteria were randomized into an observation group and a control group by random numbers, with 43 cases in the observation group and 42 cases in the control group. The observation group was treated with Ba-pulling and Qian-traction manipulation with neck suspension and movement;while the control group was treated with Bashen-pulling and stretching manipulation in a supine position. The treatment was performed once a day, 10 times as a treatment course. The therapeutic efficacy was evaluated after 1 treatment course, and the changes in the scores of visual analog scale (VAS) and neck disability index (NDI) were observed. Results: The total effective rate was 97.7% in the observation group, and 83.3% in the control group, and the difference between the two groups was statistically significant (P<0.05). After treatment, the VAS and NDI scores of both groups were significantly decreased (both P<0.01), and the differences in the VAS and NDI scores between the two groups were statistically significant (both P<0.01). Conclusion: Both Ba-pulling and Qian-traction manipulation with neck suspension and movement and Bashen-pulling and stretching manipulation in a supine position can relieve pain and improve cervical function in patients with acute cervical radiculopathy, and Ba-pulling and Qian-traction manipulation with neck suspension and movement can produce more significant efficacy than Bashen-pulling and stretching manipulation in a supine position.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-824789

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the pregnancy and neonatal outcomes in twin pregnancies and the association with chorionicity and modes of conception in order to provide evidence for early prevention and reduction of complications and life quality improvement of twin neonates.Methods This study retrospectively enrolled 756 women with twin pregnancies who gave birth at Peking University Third Hospital from January 1,2014 to December 31,2015.Clinical features of the mothers and newborns were collected,the pregnancy and neonatal outcomes were analyzed.Impacts of chorionicity and different modes of conception on the outcomes were also evaluated.Two independent-sample t test and Chi-square test were used as statistical methods.Results Twin pregnancies accounted for 6.7% (756/11 169) of all deliveries in the hospital during the study period and the preterm birth rate was 59.4% (449/756).Twenty five women underwent fetal reduction (3.3%,25/756) and intrauterine death occurred in 85 pregnancies (11.2%,85/756).Eventually 1 400 babies were born alive (92.6%,1 400/1 512).Subgroup analysis suggested that compared with dichorionic diamniotic (DCDA) pregnancies,monochorionic diamniotic (MCDA) cases showed younger maternal age at conception [(30.5 ±4.2) vs (32.9±4.0) years,t=-7.412],smaller gestational age at delivery [(34.1±3.1) vs (35.7±2.2) weeks,t=-7.325] and higher preterm birth rate [78.4% (174/222) vs 51.5% (263/511),x2=46.554],all P<0.05.Moreover,the incidence of neonatal complications,including respiratory distress syndrome [1 8.3% (40/219) vs 8.0% (21/261),x2=11.210],neonatal pneumonia [18.3% (40/219) vs 8.8% (23/261),x2=9.331] and sepsis [6.8% (15/219) vs 1.5% (4/261),~=8.854],etc.was higher in the MCDA group than those in the DCDA group,resulting in a higher mortality rate [7.8% (17/219) vs 1.1% (3/261),x2=13.042] in the MCDA pregnancies,all P<0.05.Compared with spontaneously conceived twin pregnancies,women underwent in vitro fertilization-embryo transfer were older at conception [(33.4±3.8) vs (30.6±4.4) years,t=-6.095],delivered at a greater gestational age [(35.8±2.1) vs (35.2±2.6) weeks,t=-2.452] and had a lower preterm birth rate [49.2%(206/419) vs 63.5% (54/85),x2=5.838] in the DCDA group,all P<0.05.No significant differences in the incidence of neonatal diseases were observed between the two subgroups.Conclusions The incidence of preterm birth is high in twin pregnancies.Compared with DCDA twin pregnancies,MCDA twin pregnancies are associated with more adverse outcomes due to higher incidence of neonatal diseases.In vitro fertilization-embryo transfer does not increase the incidence of preterm birth and the neonatal outcomes were comparable to those of spontaneously conceived ones.

7.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2315-2324, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774621

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Nucleos(t)ide analog (NA) in combination with peginterferon (PegIFN) therapy in patients with hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg)-positive chronic hepatitis B (CHB) shows better effectiveness than NA monotherapy in hepatitis B surface antigen loss, termed "functional cure," based on previous published studies. However, it is not known which strategy is more cost-effective on functional cure. The aim of this study was to analyze the cost-effectiveness of first-line monotherapies and combination strategies in HBeAg-positive CHB patients in China from a social perspective.@*METHODS@#A Markov model was developed with functional cure and other five states including CHB, compensated cirrhosis, decompensated cirrhosis, hepatocellular carcinoma, and death to assess the cost-effectiveness of seven representative treatment strategies. Entecavir (ETV) monotherapy and tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF) monotherapy served as comparators, respectively.@*RESULTS@#In the two base-case analysis, compared with ETV, ETV generated the highest costs with $44,210 and the highest quality-adjusted life-years (QALYs) with 16.78 years. Compared with TDF, treating CHB patients with ETV and NA - PegIFN strategies increased costs by $7639 and $6129, respectively, gaining incremental QALYs by 2.20 years and 1.66 years, respectively. The incremental cost-effectiveness ratios were $3472/QALY and $3692/QALY, respectively, which were less than one-time gross domestic product per capita. One-way sensitivity analysis and probabilistic sensitivity analyses showed the robustness of the results.@*CONCLUSION@#Among seven treatment strategies, first-line NA monotherapy may be more cost-effective than combination strategies in HBeAg-positive CHB patients in China.

8.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 2221-2225, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-817162

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the in vitro antibacterial, anti-inflammatory and immunopotentiating activity of An’erning granules. METHODS: Micro-dilution method was used to determine the minimum inhibitory concentration(MIC)of An’erning granules (1.562 5-100 mg/mL) on 10 kinds of common pathogenic bacteria. Using RAW 264.7 cells (mono-nuclear macrophage) as objects, LPS was used to replicate inflammation model. MTT assay was used to investigate the effects of An’erning granules (0.312 5-20 mg/mL) on proliferation and the release of NO of macrophage. Using spleen lymphocyte of BALB/c mice as objects, MTT assay was used to investigate the effects of An’erning granules (0.312 5-20 mg/mL) on lymphocyte proliferation. RESULTS: MIC of An’erning granules to Epidermis staphylococcus and Streptococcus pneumoniae was 6.25 mg/mL; MIC of An’erning granules to Proteus vulgaris, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Bacillus subtilis and Escherichia coli (standard strain) were 12.5 mg/mL; MIC of An’erning granules to Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Enterococcus faecalis and Bacillus cereus were 25 mg/mL; MIC of An’erning granules to E. coli (clinical isolates) and Salmonella typhia were 50 mg/mL. Compared with LPS model group, An’erning granules could significantly reduce the LPS-induced release of NO in RAW 264.7 cells at the dose of 0.312 5-1.25 mg/mL (P<0.05). Compared with blank control group, An’erning granule had no interference on the proliferation of RAW 264.7 cells and spleen lymphocytes of mice or had a tendency to promote proliferation. It could significantly promote lymphocyte proliferation at doses of 0.625 and 0.312 5 mg/mL (P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: An’erning granules not only have certain in vitro inhibitory effects on clinical common Gram-positive and Gram-negative pathogenic bacteria, but also have anti-inflammatory and immunization enhancement effects.

9.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2315-2324, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-803002

ABSTRACT

Background@#Nucleos(t)ide analog (NA) in combination with peginterferon (PegIFN) therapy in patients with hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg)-positive chronic hepatitis B (CHB) shows better effectiveness than NA monotherapy in hepatitis B surface antigen loss, termed "functional cure," based on previous published studies. However, it is not known which strategy is more cost-effective on functional cure. The aim of this study was to analyze the cost-effectiveness of first-line monotherapies and combination strategies in HBeAg-positive CHB patients in China from a social perspective.@*Methods@#A Markov model was developed with functional cure and other five states including CHB, compensated cirrhosis, decompensated cirrhosis, hepatocellular carcinoma, and death to assess the cost-effectiveness of seven representative treatment strategies. Entecavir (ETV) monotherapy and tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF) monotherapy served as comparators, respectively.@*Results@#In the two base-case analysis, compared with ETV, ETV generated the highest costs with $44,210 and the highest quality-adjusted life-years (QALYs) with 16.78 years. Compared with TDF, treating CHB patients with ETV and NA - PegIFN strategies increased costs by $7639 and $6129, respectively, gaining incremental QALYs by 2.20 years and 1.66 years, respectively. The incremental cost-effectiveness ratios were $3472/QALY and $3692/QALY, respectively, which were less than one-time gross domestic product per capita. One-way sensitivity analysis and probabilistic sensitivity analyses showed the robustness of the results.@*Conclusion@#Among seven treatment strategies, first-line NA monotherapy may be more cost-effective than combination strategies in HBeAg-positive CHB patients in China.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802282

ABSTRACT

Objective:To measure the color values of Gentianae Radix et Rhizoma and the contents of gentiopicroside,the appearance index value of the representative color was correlated with the intrinsic index value representing the quality,in order to explore the correlation between the contents of active ingredients and the color values,and provide basis for the quality evaluation of Gentianae Radix et Rhizoma. Method:The color difference values of Gentianae Radix et Rhizoma powder was measured by colorimeter.The content determination method of gentiopicroside in the 2015 edition of China Pharmacopoeia was adopted. The content of gentiopicroside was determined by HPLC,and the correlation and regression analysis was carried out by SPSS 21.0 software. Result:There was a significantly positive correlation between the contents of gentiopicroside and L* (representing colorshade)and E* ab(representing total color difference)(Pa* (representing color red-green direction) and b* (representing color yellow-blue direction) had a significantly negative correlation (PConclusion:The color value of Gentianae Radix et Rhizoma has a certain correlation with the content of gentiopicroside,and yellowish Gentianae Radix et Rhizoma contain more active ingredients, with a better quality.The contents of gentiopicroside active ingredients in Gentianae Radix et Rhizoma can be quickly predicted by determining the color difference values,which can provide a new idea for quality evaluation of this herb.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-800502

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the relationship between stress sources and anxiety symptoms of medical graduate students, as well as the mediating role of negative emotion and the moderating role of social support.@*Methods@#A questionnaire survey was conducted among 1 216 medical students of 16 medical colleges in 13 provinces (municipalities directly under the Central Government) by using graduate stressors scale, Hopkins symptom checklist, the positive and negative affect scale and perceived social support scale.Correlation analysis, regression analysis, SPSS-process mediation and adjustment methods were used for data processing.@*Results@#(1) The whole average score of stress source was (2.45±0.54), and the scores of anxiety symptoms, negative emotions and social support were (1.68±0.59), (2.26±0.70) and (5.28 ±1.01). (2) There was a positive correlation between stress and anxiety symptoms (r=0.37, P<0.01), and negative emotion (r=0.38, P<0.01) and a negative correlation between stress source and social support (r=-0.20, P<0.01). (3) Negative emotion plays a significant partial mediating role between stressors and anxiety symptoms (indirect effect value=0.24, SE=0.02, 95%CI: 0.20-0.28), accounted for 58.54% of the total effect.(4) Social support moderated the effects of stressors on negative emotion (R2=0.24) and the effects of stressors on anxiety symptoms (R2=0.44).@*Conclusion@#Negative emotion plays a partial intermediary role in stress sources and anxiety symptoms, and social support plays a multiple moderating role.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-800048

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the pregnancy and neonatal outcomes in twin pregnancies and the association with chorionicity and modes of conception in order to provide evidence for early prevention and reduction of complications and life quality improvement of twin neonates.@*Methods@#This study retrospectively enrolled 756 women with twin pregnancies who gave birth at Peking University Third Hospital from January 1, 2014 to December 31, 2015. Clinical features of the mothers and newborns were collected, the pregnancy and neonatal outcomes were analyzed. Impacts of chorionicity and different modes of conception on the outcomes were also evaluated. Two independent-sample t test and Chi-square test were used as statistical methods.@*Results@#Twin pregnancies accounted for 6.7% (756/11 169) of all deliveries in the hospital during the study period and the preterm birth rate was 59.4% (449/756). Twenty five women underwent fetal reduction (3.3%, 25/756) and intrauterine death occurred in 85 pregnancies (11.2%, 85/756). Eventually 1 400 babies were born alive (92.6%, 1 400/1 512). Subgroup analysis suggested that compared with dichorionic diamniotic (DCDA) pregnancies, monochorionic diamniotic (MCDA) cases showed younger maternal age at conception [(30.5±4.2) vs (32.9±4.0) years, t=-7.412], smaller gestational age at delivery [(34.1±3.1) vs (35.7±2.2) weeks, t=-7.325] and higher preterm birth rate [78.4% (174/222) vs 51.5% (263/511), χ2=46.554], all P<0.05. Moreover, the incidence of neonatal complications, including respiratory distress syndrome [18.3% (40/219) vs 8.0% (21/261), χ2=11.210], neonatal pneumonia [18.3% (40/219) vs 8.8% (23/261), χ2=9.331] and sepsis [6.8% (15/219) vs 1.5% (4/261), χ2=8.854], etc. was higher in the MCDA group than those in the DCDA group, resulting in a higher mortality rate [7.8% (17/219) vs 1.1% (3/261), χ2=13.042] in the MCDA pregnancies, all P<0.05. Compared with spontaneously conceived twin pregnancies, women underwent in vitro fertilization-embryo transfer were older at conception [(33.4±3.8) vs (30.6±4.4) years, t=-6.095], delivered at a greater gestational age [(35.8±2.1) vs (35.2±2.6) weeks, t=-2.452] and had a lower preterm birth rate [49.2% (206/419) vs 63.5% (54/85), χ2=5.838] in the DCDA group, all P<0.05. No significant differences in the incidence of neonatal diseases were observed between the two subgroups.@*Conclusions@#The incidence of preterm birth is high in twin pregnancies. Compared with DCDA twin pregnancies, MCDA twin pregnancies are associated with more adverse outcomes due to higher incidence of neonatal diseases. In vitro fertilization-embryo transfer does not increase the incidence of preterm birth and the neonatal outcomes were comparable to those of spontaneously conceived ones.

13.
Basic & Clinical Medicine ; (12): 1038-1041, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-694032

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the current sources of stress for medical graduates, their personality characteris-tics and social support. Methods 208 postgraduates of Peking Union Medical College were surveyed by question-naire with the Graduate Student Stressor Scale, Symptom Checking List ( SCL-90) , NEO Five-Factor Inventory and Perceived Social Support Scale ( PSSS) . Results According to the five common stressors such as academic, economic, employment, physical and mental health, and tutor relationship, single-factor analysis of variance ( ANOVA) showed that there were significant differences in the composition of pressure sources between different sexes and grades. Univariate correlation analysis showed that all five dimensions of stressors had a significant posi-tive correlation with anxiety and depression symptom. There was a positive correlation between stressor and neurotic personality, and significant negative correlation with extroversion and rigorous personality. Furthermore, the stressors were significant negative correlation with perceived social support. Conclusions Medical graduate students are under various pressures at present. It is necessary to pay more attention to the education and training in the fu-ture and adopt diversified measures to rationalize them.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-692360

ABSTRACT

An analytical method was developed for determination of low-level uranium isotopes in vegetation samples. Dry ashing method was employed to decompose organic matters of vegetation. The sample ash was further digested using multiple acids. Uranium in the prepared sample solution was separated and purified by an extraction chromatography using UTEVA resin. The chemical recovery of uranium in the separation procedure was more than 94% , and more than 99% of Na, K, Ca and other matrix elements and interfering elements were removed. Three natural uranium isotopes were finally measured with high sensitivity ICP-MS/MS. The detection limits of the method for 238U, 235U, 234U were 3. 05, 0. 34 and 0. 04 pg/g, respectively. The detection limits for 238U and 235U were 10 times better than the reported values. Analysis result of U in GBW-10046 standard reference material was in good agreement with reference value, indicating that this method was reliable. The method was successfully applied to determination of uranium isotopes in the vegetation samples collected in Xi′an region, and it was found that the uranium concentrations and isotopic ratios in these vegetation samples fall well into natural level, and there was no significant artificial uranium contamination. This was the first survey of the three natural uranium isotopes in vegetation samples in this region.

15.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2599-2604, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-690842

ABSTRACT

<p><b>Objective</b>Combining artificial scaffolds with stimulatory factors to reconstruct lost bone tissues is one of the hottest research directions. The purpose of this review was to conduct a retrospective survey on the latest reports on artificial bone fabrication with functional cytokines.</p><p><b>Data Sources</b>The status of related scientific research from the year 2005 to 2018 was analyzed through the mode of literature retrieval in PubMed and VIP Database. The retrieval words are as follows: "bone tissue engineering," "angiogenesis," "cytokines," "osteogenesis," "biomimetic bone marrow," "sol-gel," "delivery system," and the corresponding Chinese words.</p><p><b>Study Selection</b>After reading through the title and abstract for early screening, the full text of relevant studies was evaluated and those not related with this review had been ruled out.</p><p><b>Results</b>According to the literature retrospective survey, there were three key points for the successful construction of functional artificial bones: (1) the continuous supply of relatively low concentration of cytokines during the required period; (2) the delivery of two or more cytokines essential to the process and ensure the relatively spatial independence to reduce the unnecessary interference; and (3) supporting the early-stage angiogenesis and late-stage osteogenesis, respectively, regulating and balancing the crosslinking of both to avoid the surface ossification that would probably block the osteogenesis inside.</p><p><b>Conclusions</b>The synergistic effect of both angiogenic factors and osteogenic factors applied in bone regeneration is a key point in the combined functional artificial bone. Through analysis, comparison, and summary of the current strategies, we proposed that the most promising one is to mimic the natural bone marrow function to facilitate the regeneration process and ensure the efficient repair of large weight-bearing bone defect.</p>

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-705224

ABSTRACT

Neuroinflammation is closely associated with the development of neurodegeneration diseases, mental disorders and brain injuries. Innate immunity receptors are the first defense line against infections and injuries, which play a critical role in the neuroinflammation and nervous system diseases.This review,focuses on the type classification,function,regulatory mechanism for the innate immunity receptors,and illustrates their roles and molecular mechanism in the development of neuroin-flammation and nervous system diseases.In addition,we will review the current drugs for treating related nervous system diseases, and the possibility of developing new drugs that target neuroinflammation and using anti-inflammatory drugs clinically.

17.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2808-2815, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-324738

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>The patients with early-onset epileptic encephalopathy (EOEE) suffer from neurodevelopmental delay. The aim of this study was to analyze the clinical manifestations and amplitude-integrated encephalogram (aEEG) characteristics of infants with EOEE with onset within the neonatal period, to make early diagnosis to improve the prognosis.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>One-hundred and twenty-eight patients with neonatal seizure were enrolled and followed up till 1 year old. Sixty-six neonates evolved into EOEE were as the EOEE group, the other 62 were as the non-EOEE (nEOEE) group. Then we compared the clinical and aEEG characteristics between the two groups to analyze the manifestations in neonates with EOEE.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Compared to the nEOEE group, the incidence of daily seizure attacks, more than two types of convulsions, more than two antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) application, severely abnormal aEEG background, absence of cyclicity, and more than two seizures detection were significantly higher in the EOEE group (P < 0.05) (97% vs. 54.8%; 30.3% vs. 14.5%; 97.0% vs. 25.4%; 39.4% vs. 3.2%; 57.6% vs. 9.7%; and 56% vs. 3.2%, respectively). Severely abnormal background pattern (odds ratio [OR] = 0.081, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.009-0.729, P = 0.025) and more than two seizures detection by aEEG (OR = 0.158, 95% CI: 0.043-0.576, P = 0.005) were the independent risk factors for the evolvement into EOEE. The upper and lower margins of active sleep (AS) and quiet sleep (QS) were significantly higher in EOEE group than those of the control group (P < 0.05) (34.3 ± 13.6 vs. 21.3 ± 6.4; 9.9 ± 3.7 vs. 6.7 ± 2.2; 41.2 ± 15.1 vs. 30.4 ± 11.4; and 11.9 ± 4.4 vs. 9.4 ± 4.0; unit: μV, respectively). AS upper margin was demonstrated a higher diagnostic specificity and sensitivity for EOEE than another three parameters according to the receiver operating characteristic curves; the area under the curve was 0.827.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The clinical characteristics of the neonatal seizure which will evolve into EOEE were more than two AEDs application, high seizure frequency (daily attack), and more than two types of the seizure. Significant high voltage, severely abnormal background, absence of cyclicity, and more than two seizures detected on aEEG were the meaningful indicators to the prediction of EOEE.</p>

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-299335

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effect of an adenovirus vector containing murine interleukin-21 gene (Ad-GFP-mIL-21) in virus clearance and on the production of HBV-specific antibodies in mice with persistent HBV infection.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>ELISA and Western blot analysis were used to detect the expression of mIL-21 in the supernatant and cytoplasm of cultured HepG2.2.15 cells after infection by Ad-GFP-mIL-21. Mouse models of chronic HBV infection established by in vivo transduction with rAAV8-1.3HBV were divided into 3 groups for treatment 12 weeks later with injection of Ad-GFP-mIL-21, GFP recombinant adenovirus or PBS via the tail vein. Serum levels of HBsAg, HBsAb, HBcAb, and mIL-21 in the mice were detected using ELISA, and the expression of Ad-GFP-mIL-21 in the organs was observed by fluorescent microscopy at different time points after the injection.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Ad-GFP-mIL-21 was capable of infecting HepG2.2.15 cells in vitro, and the levels of mIL-21 in the supernatant were correlated with the titers of adenovirus administered and the infection time. In the mice with persistent HBV infection, green fluorescence expression was observed almost exclusively in the liver on day 4 after injection of Ad-GFP-mIL21, and serum levels of IL-21 increased significantly compared with the level before treatment (P<0.05). Although HBsAb was undetectable in both Ad-GFP-mIL21-injected and control mice on day 13, a significantly higher serum level of HBcAb was detected in the mice with Ad-GFP-mIL21 injection (P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Ad-GFP-mIL-21 can efficiently express mIL-21 in mice with chronic HBV infection to downregulate serum levels of HBsAg and promote HBcAb production, suggesting its efficacy in controlling chronic HBV infection.</p>

19.
Chinese Hospital Management ; (12): 89-90,93, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-666794

ABSTRACT

Performance assessment of administrative department in public hospitals is the difficulty of hospital performance management due to the lack of homogeneity,measurability and incentive.Comments are brought forward to improve and perfect performance assessment management of hospital administrative department through analysis of various performance assessment patterns of administrative departments in public hospitals in China at present,in combination with exploration and application of related mode in performance assessment in the hospital.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-610322

ABSTRACT

Hypoxia/ischemia is a common clinical pathophysiological process and cause of death,and it is a common problem in extreme conditions such as high altitude,astronautics and diving.Hamartin is a kind of effective endogenous neuroprotectant and could increase cell tolerance to acute hypoxia or ischemia, thus,is of significance to research.The role of hamartin in hypoxia/ischemia has been a research focus of many scientists.Elucidating the related protective effect and its DNA methylation on hypoxia/ischemia can not only reduce injury,but also lay a basic for further studying the role of hamartin and its DNA methylation in other pathophysiological processes and provide theoretical guidance for the following clinical study.In this paper,we review the structure,mechanism and role of hamartin and the effect of its DNA methylation on hypoxia/ischemia.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL