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1.
Journal of Public Health and Preventive Medicine ; (6): 127-130, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-959065

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the distribution and type characteristics of human papillomavirus (HPV) infection in women in Shiyan, Hubei region, so as to provide a basis for the prevention and treatment of HPV infection. Methods From January 2019 to December 2020, a sample of 3,180 women in XX region who had sexual intercourse experience were randomly selected, and their HPV genotypes were tested using flow-through hybridization, then the distribution characteristics and types of HPV infection in women of different ages were observed. Results Among of 3 180 patients, HPV infection was predominant in women aged 31-50 years , with 25.85% (822/3 180) aged 31-40 years and 22.08% (702/3,180) aged 41-50 years. HPV infection was the least prevalent in the ≤25 and >60 years age groups, with 428 cases and 289 cases respectively. HPV infection occurred in 1 310 out of 3 180 women , with a positive infection rate of 41.19% (1 310/3 180). HPV infection was most prevalent in the ≤25 years and ≥60 years age groups, accounting for 56.78% and 67.13% respectively. Single infection was the main infection type in all age groups, accounting for 76.03%. Twenty-one HPV genetic subtypes were detected in the subjects, out of a total of 1 918 strains of the virus. The main high-risk subtypes for single infection were HPV16, HPV52 and HPV58, accounting for 13.92%, 13.87% and 12.57% respectively, followed by HPV53 and HPV33, accounting for 7.61% and 5.58% respectively. The predominant low-risk subtypes for single infection were HPV11, HPV8 and HPV6, with accounting for 7.51%, 5.47% and 5.01% respectively. Conclusion HPV infection in women in Shiyan, Hubei region is predominantly in the ≤25 and ≥60 years age groups, and early clinical screening and preventive measures such as vaccination for high-risk HPV typing are of vital importance.

2.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 833-837, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010137

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the treatment outcome of laparoscopic partial nephrectomy in the patients with renal tumors of moderate to high complexity (R.E.N.A.L. score 7-10).@*METHODS@#In the study, 186 patients with a renal score of 7-10 renal tumors who underwent laparoscopic partial nephrectomy in Peking University Third Hospital from February 2016 to April 2021 were selected. Laparoscopic partial nephrectomy was performed after examination. The patients were followed-up, and their postoperative hemoglobin, creatinine, complications, and length of hospital stay recorded. The data were represented by mean±standard deviation or median (range).@*RESULTS@#There were 128 males and 58 females in this group, aged (54.6±12.8) years, with body mass index of (25.4 ± 3.4) kg/m2; The tumors were located in 95 cases on the left and 91 cases on the right, with maximum diameter of (3.1±1.2) cm. The patient's preoperative hemoglobin was (142.9±15.8) g/L, and blood creatinine was 78 μmol/L (47-149 μmol/L). According to preoperative CT images, the R.E.N.A.L. score was 7 points for 43 cases, 8 points for 67 cases, 9 points for 53 cases, and 10 points for 23 cases. All the ope-rations were successfully completed, with 12 cases converted to open surgery. The operation time was 150 minutes (69-403 minutes), the warm ischemic time was 25 minutes (3-60 minutes), and the blood loss was 30 mL (5-1 500 mL). There were 9 cases of blood transfusions, with a transfusion volume of 800 mL (200-1 200 mL). Postoperative hemoglobin was (126.2±17.0) g/L. The preoperative crea-tinine was 78 μmol/L (47-149 μmol/L), the postoperative creatinine was 83.5 μmol/L (35-236 μmol/L), the hospital stay was 6 days (3-26 days), and surgical results achieved "the trifecta" in 87 cases (46.8%). In the study, 167 cases were followed up for 12 months (1-62 months), including 1 case with recurrence and metastasis, 4 cases with metastasis, and 2 cases with other tumors (1 case died).@*CONCLUSION@#Laparoscopic partial nephrectomy is safe and effective in the treatment of renal tumors with R.E.N.A.L. score of 7-10. Based on the complexity of the tumor, with the increase of difficulty, the warm ischemia time and operation time tend to increase gradually, while "the trifecta" rate gradually decreases. The complications of this operation are less, and the purpose of preserving renal function to the greatest extent is achieved.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Creatinine , Retrospective Studies , Kidney Neoplasms/pathology , Nephrectomy/methods , Treatment Outcome , Laparoscopy , Hemoglobins
3.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 825-832, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010136

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate and analyze the risk factors of massive hemorrhage in patients with renal cell carcinoma and venous tumor thrombus undergoing radical nephrectomy and removal of venous tumor thrombus.@*METHODS@#From January 2014 to June 2020, 241 patients with renal cancer and tumor thrombus in a single center of urology at Peking University Third Hospital were retrospectively analyzed. All patients underwent radical nephrectomy and removal of venous tumor thrombus. The relevant preoperative indicators, intraoperative conditions, and postoperative data were statistically analyzed by using statistical software of SPSS 18.0. The main end point of the study was intraoperative bleeding volume greater than 2 000 mL. Logistic regression analysis was used to determine the relevant influencing factors. First, single factor Logistic regression was used for preliminary screening of influencing factors, and variables with single factor Logistic regression analysis P < 0.05 were included in multivariate Logistic regression. In all statistical analyses, P < 0.05 is considered statistically significant.@*RESULTS@#Among the 241 patients included, there were 60 cases of massive hemorrhage, 48 males and 12 females, with a median age of 62 years. The number of non-massive hemorrhage was 181. There were 136 males and 45 females, with a median age of 59 years. Univariate analysis showed that the clinical symptoms (both systemic and local symptoms, OR 2.794, 95%CI 1.087-7.181, P=0.033), surgical approach (open surgery, OR 9.365, 95%CI 4.447-19.72, P < 0.001), Mayo grade (Mayo 3-4, OR 5.257, 95%CI 2.806-10.886, P < 0.001), American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) score (ASA level 3, OR 2.842, 95%CI 1.338-6.036, P=0.007), preoperative hemoglobin (OR 0.978, 95%CI 0.965-0.991, P=0.001), preoperative platelet count (OR 0.996, 95%CI 0.992-1.000, P=0.037), maximum tumor thrombus width (OR 1.061, 95%CI 1.033-1.091, P < 0.001), Complicated with bland thrombus (OR 4.493, 95%CI 2.264-8.915, P < 0.001), adrenalectomy (OR 3.101, 95%CI 1.614-5.958, P=0.001), segmental resection of the inferior vena cava (OR 2.857, 95%CI 1.395-5.852, P=0.004). There was a statistically significant difference in these aspects(P < 0.05). Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that there was a statistically significant difference in surgical approach (open surgery, OR 6.730, 95%CI 2.947-15.368;P < 0.001), Mayo grade (Mayo 3-4, OR 2.294, 95%CI 1.064-4.948, P=0.034), Complicated with bland thrombus (OR 3.236, 95%CI 1.492-7.020, P=0.003).@*CONCLUSION@#Combining the results of univariate and multivariate Logistic regression analysis, the surgical approach, Mayo grade, and tumor thrombus combined with conventional thrombus were associated risk factors for massive hemorrhage during surgery for renal cell carcinoma with tumor thrombus. Patients who undergo open surgery, high Mayo grade, and tumor thrombus combined with conventional thrombus are at a relatively higher risk of massive hemorrhage.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Carcinoma, Renal Cell/pathology , Retrospective Studies , Thrombosis/etiology , Kidney Neoplasms/pathology , Vena Cava, Inferior/surgery , Nephrectomy/methods , Thrombectomy/methods , Risk Factors , Hemorrhage
4.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 818-824, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010135

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#Constructing a predictive model for urinary incontinence after laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (LRP) based on prostatic gland related MRI parameters.@*METHODS@#In this study, 202 cases were included. All the patients were diagnosed with prostate cancer by prostate biopsy and underwent LRP surgery in Peking University Third Hospital. The preoperative MRI examination of all the patients was completed within 1 week before the prostate biopsy. Prostatic gland related parameters included prostate length, width, height, prostatic volume, intravesical prostatic protrusion length (IPPL), prostate apex shape, etc. From the first month after the operation, the recovery of urinary continence was followed up every month, and the recovery of urinary continence was based on the need not to use the urine pad all day long. Logistic multivariate regression analysis was used to analyze the influence of early postoperative recovery of urinary continence. Risk factors were used to draw the receiver operator characteristic (ROC) curves of each model to predict the recovery of postoperative urinary continence, and the difference of the area under the curve (AUC) was compared by DeLong test, and the clinical net benefit of the model was evaluated by decision curve analysis (DCA).@*RESULTS@#The average age of 202 patients was 69.0 (64.0, 75.5) years, the average prostate specific antigen (PSA) before puncture was 12.12 (7.36, 20.06) μg/L, and the Gleason score < 7 points and ≥ 7 points were 73 cases (36.2%) and 129 cases (63.9%) respectively, with 100 cases (49.5%) at T1/T2 clinical stage, and 102 cases (50.5%) at T3 stage. The prostatic volume measured by preoperative MRI was 35.4 (26.2, 51.1) mL, the ratio of the height to the width was 0.91 (0.77, 1.07), the membranous urethral length (MUL) was 15 (11, 16) mm, and the IPPL was 2 (0, 6) mm. The prostatic apex A-D subtypes were 67 cases (33.2%), 80 cases (39.6%), 24 cases (11.9%) and 31 cases (15.3%), respectively. The training set and validation set were 141 cases and 61 cases, respectively. The operations of all the patients were successfully completed, and the urinary continence rate was 59.4% (120/202) in the 3 months follow-up. The results of multivariate analysis of the training set showed that the MUL (P < 0.001), IPPL (P=0.017) and clinical stage (P=0.022) were independent risk factors for urinary incontinence in the early postoperative period (3 months). The nomogram and clinical decision curve were made according to the results of multivariate analysis. The AUC value of the training set was 0.885 (0.826, 0.944), and the AUC value of the validation set was 0.854 (0.757, 0.950). In the verification set, the Hosmer-Lemeshow goodness-of-fit test was performed on the model, and the Chi-square value was 5.426 (P=0.711).@*CONCLUSION@#Preoperative MUL, IPPL, and clinical stage are indepen-dent risk factors for incontinence after LRP. The nomogram developed based on the relevant parameters of MRI glands can effectively predict the recovery of early urinary continence after LRP. The results of this study require further large-scale clinical research to confirm.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Prostate/surgery , Prostatectomy/adverse effects , Prostatic Neoplasms/pathology , Urinary Incontinence/etiology , Laparoscopy/methods , Magnetic Resonance Imaging/adverse effects , Recovery of Function , Retrospective Studies
5.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 802-811, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010133

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To retrospectively analyze clinical data of patients under 40 years old who underwent surgical treatment for renal tumors with tumor thrombus from January 2016 to December 2022 at Peking University Third Hospital, and to evaluate the surgical effect and investigate the relationship between clinicopathological characteristics and prognosis.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 17 young patients with renal tumor thrombus were retrospectively analyzed, and the clinicopathological features and prognosis were summarized. The patients were grouped according to the presence or absence of symptoms, 2017 American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) clinical stage, and postoperative combined adjuvant therapy. Kaplan-Meier method was used to plot the survival curve, and Log-rank test was used to compare the differences in postoperative survival time and progression-free survival time between the different groups. The relationship between clinicopathological features and prognosis was analyzed.@*RESULTS@#All the 17 patients received venous tumor thrombectomy, including 16 patients (94.1%) who underwent radical nephrectomy and 1 patient (5.9%) who underwent partial nephrectomy. Twelve patients (70.6%) had symptoms and 5 (29.4%) had no symptoms before operation. A total of 17 renal tumors were observed, with 2 patients (11.8%) identified as benign and 15 patients (88.2%) classified as malignant. Among the malignant tumors, 1 patient (6.7%) was diagnosed as clear cell carcinoma, while the remaining 14 patients (93.3%) were categorized as non-clear cell carcinoma. In terms of tumor stage, 8 patients (53.3%) were classified as stage Ⅲ according to the AJCC classification, while 7 patients (46.7%) were categorized as stage Ⅳ. Additionally, 6 patients (40%) received multiple adjuvant therapy, while 9 patients (60%) did not undergo such treatment. The follow-up period ranged from 2 to 78 months, with a median follow-up of 41 months. During this time, 3 patients (20%) died. The median survival time after surgery was 39.0 (2.3, 77.8) months, and the progression-free survival time was 16.4 (2.3, 77.8) months. There was no significant difference in postoperative survival time and progression-free survival time among young patients with renal tumor with tumor thrombus, based on the presence of symptoms before surgery (P=0.307, P=0.302), clinical stage of AJCC (P=0.340, P=0.492), and postoperative adjuvant therapy (P=0.459, P=0.253) group.@*CONCLUSION@#The pathological types of young patients with renal tumor with tumor thrombus are more complex and varied due to symptoms, and the proportion of non-clear cell carcinoma in malignant tumor with tumor thrombus is higher. Symptomatic and non-clear cell carcinoma may be potentially associated with poor prognosis. Surgical operation combined with adjuvant therapy is a relatively safe and effective treatment for young patients with renal tumor and tumor thrombus.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Carcinoma, Renal Cell/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Vena Cava, Inferior/surgery , Kidney Neoplasms/surgery , Prognosis , Thrombosis/surgery , Thrombectomy/methods , Nephrectomy/methods
6.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 781-792, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010131

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the potential mechanism of resistance to axitinib in clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC), with a view to expanding the understanding of axitinib resistance, facilitating the design of more specific treatment options, and improving the treatment effectiveness and survival prognosis of patients.@*METHODS@#By exploring the half maximum inhibitory concentration (IC50) of axitinib on ccRCC cell lines 786-O and Caki-1, cell lines resistant to axitinib were constructed by repeatedly stimulated with axitinib at this concentration for 30 cycles in vitro. Cell lines that were not treated by axitinib were sensitive cell lines. The phenotypic differences of cell proliferation and apoptosis levels between drug resistant and sensitive lines were tested. Genes that might be involved in the drug resistance process were screened from the differentially expressed genes that were co-upregulated in the two drug resistant lines by transcriptome sequencing. The expression level of the target gene in the drug resistant lines was verified by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) and Western blot (WB). The expression differences of the target gene in ccRCC tumor tissues and adjacent tissues were analyzed in the Gene Expression Profiling Interactive Analysis (GEPIA) public database, and the impact of the target gene on the prognosis of ccRCC patients was analyzed in the Kaplan-Meier Plotter (K-M Plotter) database. After knocking down the target gene in the drug resistant lines using RNA interference by lentivirus vector, the phenotypic differences of the cell lines were tested again. WB was used to detect the levels of apoptosis-related proteins in the different treated cell lines to find molecular pathways that might lead to drug resistance.@*RESULTS@#Cell lines 786-O-R and Caki-1-R resistant to axitinib were successfully constructed in vitro, and their IC50 were significantly higher than those of the sensitive cell lines (10.99 μmol/L, P < 0.01; 11.96 μmol/L, P < 0.01, respectively). Cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) assay, colony formation, and 5-ethynyl-2 '-deoxyuridine (EdU) assay showed that compared with the sensitive lines, the proliferative ability of the resistant lines decreased, but apoptosis staining showed a significant decrease in the level of cell apoptosis of the resistant lines (P < 0.01). Although resistant to axitinib, the resistant lines had no obvious new replicated cells in the environment of 20 μmol/L axitinib. Nuclear protein 1 (NUPR1) gene was screened by transcriptome sequencing, and its RNA (P < 0.0001) and protein expression levels significantly increased in the resistant lines. Database analysis showed that NUPR1 was significantly overexpressed in ccRCC tumor tissue (P < 0.05); the ccRCC patients with higher expression ofNUPR1had a worse survival prognosis (P < 0.001). Apoptosis staining results showed that knockdown ofNUPR1inhibited the anti-apoptotic ability of the resistant lines to axitinib (786-O, P < 0.01; Caki-1, P < 0.05). WB results showed that knocking downNUPR1decreased the protein level of B-cell lymphoma-2 (BCL2), increased the protein level of BCL2-associated X protein (BAX), decreased the protein level of pro-caspase3, and increased the level of cleaved-caspase3 in the resistant lines after being treated with axitinib.@*CONCLUSION@#ccRCC cell lines reduce apoptosis through theNUPR1 -BAX/ BCL2 -caspase3 pathway, which is involved in the process of resistance to axitinib.


Subject(s)
Humans , Carcinoma, Renal Cell/metabolism , Axitinib/pharmacology , Kidney Neoplasms/metabolism , bcl-2-Associated X Protein , Nuclear Proteins , Cell Line, Tumor , Apoptosis , Cell Proliferation
7.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 361-367, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982272

ABSTRACT

Diminished ovarian reserve (DOR), generally defined as a decreased number or quality of oocytes, has a significant impact on quality of life and fertility in women. In recent years, the incidence of DOR has been increasing and the ages of patients are younger. The search for an effective DOR treatment has emerged as one of the preeminent research topics in reproductive health. An effective DOR therapy would improve ovarian function, fertility, and quality of life in patients. In this review we evaluated DOR treatment progress both in Western medicine and Chinese medicine, and elucidated the characteristics of each treatment.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Ovarian Reserve , Quality of Life , Oocytes , Treatment Outcome , Infertility, Female/therapy
8.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 249-255, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971864

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo explore the effect of low frequency or high frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) on right Broca's homologue in stroke patients with nonfluent aphasia. MethodsFrom January, 2019 to August, 2022, 80 inpatients in Beijing Bo'ai Hospital were randomly divided into control group (n = 20), sham stimulation group (n = 20), low-frequency (1 Hz) rTMS (LF-rTMS) group (n = 20) and high-frequency (10 Hz) rTMS (HF-rTMS) group (n = 20). All the patients received routine language therapy. LF-rTMS group and HF-rTMS group received ten days of rTMS (1 Hz or 10 Hz), and the sham group received ten days of sham rTMS. The Western Aphasia Battery (WAB) was used to evaluate the language function before, after treatment, and two months after treatment. ResultsBefore treatment, there was no significant difference in the scores of WAB among four groups (P > 0.05). All the scores improved in the four groups immediately after treatment and two months after treatment (P < 0.05). Compared with immediately after treatment, all the scores of WAB improved in LF-rTMS group (P < 0.05), and the scores of recall, name and aphasia quotient (AQ) improved in HF-rTMS group (P < 0.05) two months after treatment. Immediately after treatment, the scores of content and fluency, auditory comprehension and AQ were higher in LF-rTMS group than in HF-rTMS group (P < 0.05). Two months after treatment, the scores of content and fluency were higher in LF-rTMS group than in HF-rTMS group (P < 0.05). ConclusionBoth 1 Hz and 10 Hz rTMS could improve the language function of stroke patients with nonfluent aphasia, especially 1 Hz.

9.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 195-204, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971332

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To assess the efficacy and safety of Guanxin Danshen Dripping Pills (GXDS) in the treatment of depression or anxiety in patients with coronary heart disease (CHD) after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI).@*METHODS@#From September 2017 to June 2019, 200 CHD patients after PCI with depression and anxiety were included and randomly divided into GXDS (100 cases) and placebo control groups (100 cases) by block randomization and a random number table. Patients in the GXDS and control groups were given GXDS and placebo, respectively, 0.4 g each time, 3 times daily for 12 weeks. The primary outcomes were scores of Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9), Generalized Anxiety Scale (GAD-7) and the Seattle Angina Pectoris Scale (SAQ). The secondary outcomes included 12 Health Survey Summary Form (SF-12) scores and the first onset time and incidence of major adverse cardiovascular events (MACEs). Other indices including blood pressure, blood lipids, microcirculation and inflammatory-related indices, etc. were monitored at baseline, week 4, and week 12.@*RESULTS@#In the full analysis set (200 cases), after treatment, the PHQ-9 and GAD-7 scores in the GXDS group were considerably lower than those in the control group (P<0.05). Compared with the baseline, the total PHQ-9 scores of the experimental and control groups decreased by 3.97 and 1.18, respectively. The corrected mean difference between the two groups was -2.78 (95% CI: -3.47, -2.10; P<0.001). The total GAD-7 score in the GXDS group decreased by 3.48% compared with the baseline level, while that of the placebo group decreased by 1.13%. The corrected mean difference between the two groups was -2.35 (95% CI: -2.95, -1.76; P<0.001). The degree of improvement in SAQ score, SF-12 score, endothelin and high-sensitive C-reactive protein levels in the GXDS group were substantially superior than those in the placebo group, and the differences between the two groups were statistically significant (P<0.05). Similar results were obtained in the per protocol population analysis of 177 patients. Three cases of MACES were reported in this study (1 in the GXDS group and 2 in the placebo group), and no serious adverse events occurred.@*CONCLUSIONS@#GXDS can significantly alleviate depression and anxiety, relieve symptoms of angina, and improve quality of life in patients with CHD after PCI. (Registration No. ChiCTR1800014291).


Subject(s)
Humans , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention/adverse effects , Quality of Life , Depression , Coronary Disease/drug therapy , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use , Angina Pectoris/drug therapy , Prognosis , Anxiety , Treatment Outcome , Double-Blind Method
10.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 244-252, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971329

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the mechanism of the effect of Astragalus membranaceus (A. membranaceus) on lung adenocarcinoma at the molecular level to elucidate the specific targets according to the network pharmacology approach.@*METHODS@#The active components of A. membranaceus and their potential targets were collected from the Traditional Chinese Medicine Systems Pharmacology Database. Lung adenocarcinoma-associated genes were acquired based on GeneCards, Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM), PharmGKB, and Therapeutic Targets databases. The PI3K/AKT signaling pathway-related genes were obtained using Reactome portal. Networks of "ingredient-target" and "ingredient-target-pathway-disease" were constructed using the Cytoscape3.6.0 software. The relationships among targets were analyzed according protein-protein interaction (PPI) network. Finally, molecular docking was applied to construct the binding conformation between active ingredients and core targets. Cell counting kit 8 (CCK8) and Western blot assays were performed to determine the mechanism of the key ingredient of A. membranaceus.@*RESULTS@#A total of 20 active components and their 329 targets, and 7,501 lung adenocarcinoma-related genes and 130 PI3K/AKT signaling pathway-related genes were obtained. According to Venn diagram and PPI network analysis, 2 mainly active ingredients, including kaempferol and quercetin, and 6 core targets, including TP53, MAPK1, EGF, AKT1, ERBB2, and EGFR, were identified. The two important active ingredients of A. membranaceus, kaempferol and quercetin, exert the therapeutic effect in lung adenocarcinoma partly by acting on the 6 core targets (TP53, MAPK1, EGF, AKT1, ERBB2, and EGFR) of PI3K/AKT signaling pathway. Expressions of potential targets in lung adenocarcinoma and normal samples were analyzed by using UALCAN portal and found that ERBB2 was overexpressed in lung adenocarcinoma tissues and upregulation of it correlated with clinicopathological characteristics. Finally, quercetin repressed viabilities of lung adenocarcinoma cells by targeting ERBB2 on PI3K/AKT signaling confirmed by CCK8 and Western blot.@*CONCLUSION@#Our finding unraveled that an active ingredient of A. membranaceus, quercetin, significantly inhibited the lung adenocarcinoma cells proliferation by repressing ERBB2 level and inactivating the PI3K/AKT signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Humans , Astragalus propinquus , Kaempferols , Network Pharmacology , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt , Epidermal Growth Factor , Molecular Docking Simulation , Quercetin , Adenocarcinoma of Lung , Lung Neoplasms , Signal Transduction , ErbB Receptors , Drugs, Chinese Herbal
11.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 196-200, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971170

ABSTRACT

Hypertrophic scar (HS) affects the function and beauty of patients, and brings a heavy psychological burden to patients. However, the specific pathogenesis mechanism of HS in molecular biology level is not yet clear, and this disease is still one of the clinical diseases difficult to prevent and cure. MicroRNA (miR) is a family of single-stranded endogenous noncoding RNAs that can regulate gene expression. The abnormal transcription of miR in hypertrophic scar fibroblasts can affect the transduction and expression of downstream signal pathway or protein, and the exploration of miR and its downstream signal pathway and protein helps deeply understand the occurrence and development mechanism of scar hyperplasia. This article summarized and analyzed how miR and multiple signal pathways involve in the formation and development of HS in recent years, and further outlined the interaction between miR and target genes in HS.


Subject(s)
Humans , MicroRNAs/genetics , Cicatrix, Hypertrophic/genetics , Fibroblasts , Hyperplasia
12.
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 292-297, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970790

ABSTRACT

pH-responsive antibacterial nanomaterials are a new type of nanomaterials that can selectively undergo structural changes and trigger drug release according to significant pH differences produced by the body under physiological and pathological conditions. The formation of acidic microenvironment in plaque is the key to the pathogenicity of oral plaque biofilm, which also creates conditions for the oral application of pH-responsive antibacterial nanomaterials. pH-responsive antibacterial nanomaterials can respond to changes in pH of plaque microenvironment and accurately control the release of antibacterial drugs, providing a new direction for improving drug efficacy and targeted antibacterial. The present article reviews the classification, mechanism and application of pH-responsive antibacterial nanomaterials in oral plaque inhibition.

13.
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 121-128, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981845

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To explore the cytotoxicity of four wild mushrooms involved in a case of Yunnan sudden unexplained death (YNSUD), to provide the experimental basis for prevention and treatment of YNSUD.@*METHODS@#Four kinds of wild mushrooms that were eaten by family members in this YNSUD incident were collected and identified by expert identification and gene sequencing. Raw extracts from four wild mushrooms were extracted by ultrasonic extraction to intervene HEK293 cells, and the mushrooms with obvious cytotoxicity were screened by Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8). The selected wild mushrooms were prepared into three kinds of extracts, which were raw, boiled, and boiled followed by enzymolysis. HEK293 cells were intervened with these three extracts at different concentrations. The cytotoxicity was detected by CCK-8 combined with lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) Assay Kit, and the morphological changes of HEK293 cells were observed under an inverted phase contrast microscope.@*RESULTS@#Species identification indicated that the four wild mushrooms were Butyriboletus roseoflavus, Boletus edulis, Russula virescens and Amanita manginiana. Cytotoxicity was found only in Amanita manginiana. The raw extracts showed cytotoxicity at the mass concentration of 0.1 mg/mL, while the boiled extracts and the boiled followed by enzymolysis extracts showed obvious cytotoxicity at the mass concentration of 0.4 mg/mL and 0.7 mg/mL, respectively. In addition to the obvious decrease in the number of HEK293 cells, the number of synapses increased and the refraction of HEK293 cells was poor after the intervention of Amanita manginiana extracts.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The extracts of Amanita manginiana involved in this YNSUD case has obvious cytotoxicity, and some of its toxicity can be reduced by boiled and enzymolysis, but cannot be completely detoxicated. Therefore, the consumption of Amanita manginiana is potentially dangerous, and it may be one of the causes of the YNSUD.


Subject(s)
Humans , HEK293 Cells , Sincalide , China , Amanita , Death, Sudden
14.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1181-1187, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-978687

ABSTRACT

The epidemic of COVID-19 has brought great challenges to the global public health prevention and control system combined with clinical diagnosis and treatment system, and it makes the development of effective antiviral drugs an important task in current pharmaceutical research. Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) has played an important role in the prevention and control of COVID-19. Due to its numerous chemical components and various structural types, TCM becomes a natural library for searching for lead compounds against SARS-CoV-2. In this study, a novel dual-target surface plasmon resonance (SPR) biosensor was developed for S protein receptor binding domain (SRBD) and angiotensin converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) which are two key proteins in the process of SARS-CoV-2 invading cells according to characteristics of synergistic effects of multiple components and comprehensive regulation of multiple targets of TCM. The SPR biosensor was applied to screen and identify active components from six TCMs, and daidzin from Puerariae Lobatae Radix was identified to bind with SRBD and ACE2. The affinity constant (KD) of daidzin and ACE2 was 5.18 μmol·L-1 through the SPR affinity assay. Competitive ELISA assay showed that daidzin could inhibit the binding of SRBD and ACE2, and the inhibition rate of daidzin (20 μmol·L-1) was 38.6%. Molecular docking experiments further confirmed that daidzin had the best binding near the binding region of SRBD-ACE2 complex. This study shows that the dual-target SPR screening system is accurate and efficient, and is particularly suitable for screening of complex drug systems and effective substances study of TCM. It provides a material basis for exploring the mechanism of TCM active constituents against SARS-CoV-2, and provides a source of lead compounds for the development of anti-SARS-CoV-2 drugs.

15.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1173-1180, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-978686

ABSTRACT

To identify the active constituents in vitro and blood-absorbed ingredients in vivo from Yin Chen Hao decoction provides scientific evidence for probing its prevention and treatment mechanism on acute liver injury. An ultrahigh performance liquid chromatography quadrupole-time of flight-mass spectrometry (UPLC-QTOF/MS) method was applied for analysis of Yin Chen Hao decoction and the serum samples of mice with con-A induced acute liver injury after preventive oral administration for 14 days (the use of all laboratory animals in this study was approved by the Ethics Committee of the Naval Medical University, 19YF1459400). A total of 90 chemical constituents were identified from Yin Chen Hao decoction, mainly were flavonoids, terpenoids, tannins, quinones. 5 prototype compounds were identified in the serum, including chrysophanol, deoxyrhapontin-8-O-gallate, mussaenosidic acid, herniarin, emodin. The established UPLC-QTOF/MS method could efficiently and sensitively identify the constituents in vitro and blood-absorbed ingredients of Yin Chen Hao decoction, primarily clarify the material basis of its hepatoprotective effect, and provided a scientific basis for the quality marker selection and the pharmacodynamic material basis research on the decoction.

16.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 95-99, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-953764

ABSTRACT

@#Objective     To investigate the safety of thoracic surgery for high-altitude patients in local medical center. Methods    We retrospectively collected 258 high-altitude patients who received thoracic surgery in West China Hospital, Sichuan University (plain medical center, 54 patients) and People's Hospital of Ganzi Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture (high-altitude medical center, 204 patients) from January 2013 to July 2019. There were 175 males and 83 females with an average age of 43.0±16.8 years. Perioperative indicators, postoperative complications and related risk factors of patients were analyzed. Results    The rate of minimally invasive surgery in the high-altitude medical center was statistically lower than that in the plain medical center (11.8% vs. 55.6%, P<0.001). The surgical proportions of tuberculous empyema (41.2% vs. 1.9%, P<0.001) and pulmonary hydatid (15.2% vs. 0.0%, P=0.002) in the high-altitude medical center were statistically higher than those in the plain medical center. There was no statistical difference in perioperative mortality (0.5% vs. 1.9%, P=0.379) or complication rate within 30 days after operation (7.4% vs. 11.1%, P=0.402) between the high-altitude center and the plain medical center. Univariate and multivariate analyses showed that body mass index≥ 25 kg/m2 (OR=8.647, P<0.001) and esophageal rupture/perforation were independent risk factors for the occurrence of postoperative complications (OR=15.720, P<0.001). Conclusion    Thoracic surgery in the high-altitude medical center is safe and feasible.

17.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 438-440, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994496

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the efficacy and safety of oral terbinafine versus itraconazole in the treatment of pediatric tinea capitis.Methods:From January 2021 to December 2021, a randomized clinical trial was conducted among 53 children with tinea capitis in Beijing Children′s Hospital. These patients were randomly divided into 2 groups by using a random number table: terbinafine group treated with oral terbinafine at different doses (weight <20 kg, dose: 62.5 mg/d; weight 20 - 40 kg, dose: 125 mg/d; weight >40 kg, dose: 250 mg/d), while itraconazole group treated with oral itraconazole at doses of 3 - 5 mg·kg -1·d -1. Statistical analysis was performed using the SPSS 23.0 software, and enumeration data were compared between groups by using chi-square test or Fisher′s exact test. Results:Totally, 27 patients were treated with oral terbinafine, including 17 with tinea alba and 10 with kerion; 26 were treated with oral itraconazole, including 17 with tinea alba and 9 with kerion. After treatment, 14 (51.85%) patients were cured in the terbinafine group, including 5 with tinea alba and 9 with kerion, while 25 (96.15%) were cured in the itraconazole group, including 16 with tinea alba and 9 with kerion. The response rate was significantly higher in the itraconazole group than in the terbinafine group ( χ2 = 13.37, P < 0.001) . Conclusion:The efficacy of itraconazole was superior to that of terbinafine in the treatment of pediatric tinea alba, but their efficacy was equivalent in the treatment of pediatric kerion.

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Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 112-117, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994452

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the efficacy and safety of biologics versus methotrexate in the treatment of severe pediatric plaque psoriasis.Methods:A retrospective matched case-control study was carried out. Twenty children with severe plaque psoriasis from Beijing Children′s Hospital, Capital Medical University from June 2016 to November 2021 were included in this study, and the patients treated with biologics (adalimumab or secukinumab) were matched with those treated with methotrexate at a ratio of 1∶1 according to the psoriasis area and severity index (PASI) score and age. PASI, physician′s global assessment (PGA) , and body surface area (BSA) scores were assessed at weeks 4, 8 and 12 after the start of treatment, and adverse drug reactions were recorded. Statistical analysis was mainly carried out by using Mann-Whitney U test, Fisher′s exact test and generalized estimating equations. Results:At weeks 4 and 8, the proportions of patients achieving PASI75 and PASI90 were significantly higher in the biologics group (PASI75: 7/10, 10/10, PASI90: 5/10, 9/10, respectively) than in the methotrexate group (PASI75: 1/10, 5/10, PASI90: 0, 1/10, respectively; all P < 0.05) , while there was no significant difference between the biologics group and methotrexate group at week 12 (PASI75: 10/10 vs. 8/10, PASI90: 9/10 vs. 4/10, both P > 0.05) . There were no significant differences in the PASI, BSA or PGA scores between the two groups at baseline (all P > 0.05) , while the biologics group showed significantly decreased PASI and BSA scores at weeks 4, 8 and 12, and significantly decreased PGA score at week 8 compared with the methotrexate group (PASI: Z = 2.50, 3.56, 2.63, respectively; BSA: Z = 2.87, 3.57, 2.40, respectively; PGA: Z = 2.81; all P<0.05) . Analysis of changes over time showed that the PASI, PGA and BSA scores in the biologics group significantly decreased at weeks 4, 8 and 12 compared with those at baseline (all P<0.01) ; the PASI and PGA scores significantly decreased at weeks 8 and 12 compared with the corresponding scores at week 4 (all P<0.05) ; however, there were no significant differences in the PASI, PGA or BSA scores between week 12 and 8 (all P>0.05) . In the methotrexate group, the PASI, PGA and BSA scores at weeks 4, 8 and 12 were all significantly lower than the corresponding scores at the previous adjacent time points (all P<0.05) . There was no significant difference in the incidence of adverse reactions between the two groups ( P = 0.650) , and no serious adverse reactions occurred in either group. The main adverse reaction was infection in the biologics group, while infection and elevation of transaminase levels were common in the methotrexate group. Conclusion:Biologics and methotrexate were both effective and safe for the treatment of severe pediatricplaque psoriasis, and biologics facilitated rapider achievement of PASI75 and PASI90 compared with methotrexate.

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Chinese Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma ; (12): 610-616, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992756

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the medium-term clinical effects of arthroscopic double row repair between traumatic and degenerative medium supraspinatus tear.Methods:A retrospective study was conducted to analyze the clinical data of 23 patients who had been treated for traumatic or degenerative medium supraspinatus tear by the same arthroscopic double row repair and postoperative rehabilitation at Sports Medicine Center, The First Hospital Affiliated to Army Medical University between January 2015 and August 2020. They were assigned into 2 groups according to different tears. In the traumatic group of 8 cases of traumatic medium supraspinatus tear, there were 5 males and 3 females with an age of (46.1±4.3) years and a tear size of (1.3±1.0) cm 2. In the degenerative group of 15 cases of degenerative medium supraspinatus tear, there were 4 males and 11 females with an age of (59.9±8.1) years and a tear size of (4.1±1.1) cm 2. At preoperation and the last follow-up, the shoulder pain was evaluated by visual analogue scale (VAS), and the shoulder function by American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons (ASES) score, Constant-Murley score and Simple Shoulder Test (SST); the improvements in active range of motion (ROM) of the shoulder were recorded at the last follow-up. Results:The 2 groups were comparable because there was no significant difference between them in the general clinical data ( P>0.05). The traumatic and degenerative groups were followed up for (40.3±11.2) and (36.4±12.4) months, respectively. At the last follow-up, the improvements in range of anterior flexion and internal rotation vertebral rank in the degenerative group [55.3°±33.6° and (4.1±1.3) ranks] were significantly greater than those in the traumatic group [27.5°±22.5° and (2.3±1.9) ranks] ( P<0.05). At the last follow-up, the VAS, ASES, Constant-Murley, and SST scores in the degenerative group were improved respectively by (3.7±0.8), (40.9±14.0), (38.4±9.4), and (6.5±1.4) points compared with their preoperative values, significantly greater than those in the traumatic group [(2.3±0.7), (19.6±14.6), (19.2±7.9), and (3.8±0.7) points] ( P<0.05). Conclusion:Arthroscopic double row repair can achieve significant medium-term improvements in shoulder function for both traumatic and degenerative medium supraspinatus tears, but the improvements may be grater for the degenerative ones.

20.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 688-694, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992651

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the mid-term clinical outcomes of arthroscopic vertical mattress suturing for shoulder recurrent anterior dislocation combined with joint laxity.Methods:A retrospective case series study was performed on the clinical data of 11 patients with recurrent anterior shoulder dislocation combined with joint laxity admitted to the First Affiliated Hospital, Army Medical University from January 2018 to September 2021. The patients included 10 males and 1 female, aged 18-38 years [(22.8±5.5)years]. All the patients received treatment with arthroscopic vertical mattress suturing. The Oxford shoulder instability score, Rowe shoulder instability score, and simple shoulder test (SST) score were compared before operation, at 6 months after operation and at the final follow-up. The degree of joint capsule laxity and length of capsular redundancy (evaluated by MRI) were compared before operation and at the final follow-up. The results of the supine apprehension test, re-dislocation and postoperative complications such as iatrogenic vascular and nerve injuries were observed at the final follow-up. Also, the correlation between the radiological changes in the joint capsule and the shoulder function was analyzed by Spearman correlation coefficient.Results:All the patients were followed up for 20-64 months [(40.7±18.6)months]. Before operation, at 6 months after surgery and at the final follow-up, the values of Oxford shoulder instability score were (41.2±4.7)points, (49.5±3.0)points and (57.6±3.0)points; the values of Rowe shoulder instability score were (28.6±9.5)points, (77.7±7.2)points and (94.1±10.9)points; and the values of SST score were (7.6±1.3)points, (9.8±1.0)points and (11.6±0.9)points, respectively. The Oxford shoulder instability score, Rowe shoulder instability score and SST at 6 months after operation and at the final follow-up were significantly better than those before operation, and those at the final follow-up were significantly better than those at 6 months after operation (all P<0.05). The MRI showed that the degree of joint capsular laxity and length of capsular redundancy were 1.5±0.2 and (19.7±2.5)mm before operation and were 1.3±0.2 and (12.9±3.7)mm at the final follow-up, respectively ( P<0.05 or 0.01). The supine apprehension test was negative at the final follow-up, with no re-dislocation or postoperative complications such as iatrogenic vascular or nerve injuries. Correlation analysis showed a negative correlation between the degree of joint capsular laxity and the Oxford shoulder instability score ( r=-0.62, P<0.05) and that of the length of capsular redundancy with the Oxford shoulder instability score ( r=-0.80, P<0.01), the Rowe shoulder stability score ( r=-0.73, P<0.01) and the SST score ( r=-0.75, P<0.01). Conclusions:Arthroscopic vertical mattress suturing has good mid-term clinical outcome for recurrent shoulder anterior dislocation combined with joint laxity, improving the shoulder function and reducing complications, wihch is associated with decreased joint capsule laxity and length of capsular redundancy.

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