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1.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 107-134, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929284

ABSTRACT

The immune system is involved in the initiation and progression of cancer. Research on cancer and immunity has contributed to the development of several clinically successful immunotherapies. These immunotherapies often act on a single step of the cancer-immunity cycle. In recent years, the discovery of new nanomaterials has dramatically expanded the functions and potential applications of nanomaterials. In addition to acting as drug-delivery platforms, some nanomaterials can induce the immunogenic cell death (ICD) of cancer cells or regulate the profile and strength of the immune response as immunomodulators. Based on their versatility, nanomaterials may serve as an integrated platform for multiple drugs or therapeutic strategies, simultaneously targeting several steps of the cancer-immunity cycle to enhance the outcome of anticancer immune response. To illustrate the critical roles of nanomaterials in cancer immunotherapies based on cancer-immunity cycle, this review will comprehensively describe the crosstalk between the immune system and cancer, and the current applications of nanomaterials, including drug carriers, ICD inducers, and immunomodulators. Moreover, this review will provide a detailed discussion of the knowledge regarding developing combinational cancer immunotherapies based on the cancer-immunity cycle, hoping to maximize the efficacy of these treatments assisted by nanomaterials.

2.
Braz. arch. biol. technol ; 64: e21200075, 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1355813

ABSTRACT

Abstract Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is a metabolic disorder of the retina and one of the common problems of Type-2 diabetes mellitus (T-2DM) causing visual loss even at teen ages. In this research article, oxidative stress was the main cause due to reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation at hyperglycemic state and become as the focus point of this study to describe (DR) complication onset. The present study was conducted to compare three groups: T-2DM with complication, T-2DM without complication and control group. For this purpose, number of the individuals participating in this study were n=110 as subject along with T-2DM patients with complication n=50, T-2DM patients without complication n=50 and rest n=10 are taken as control/ normoglycemic individuals. T-2DM patients with/without complication have TAG level is lower than normoglycemic/ control. An observed value of (HbA1c%) glycosylated or glycated hemoglobin type A1c concentration of T2DM with complication group was highest (9.63%) amongst the examined groups. T-2DM with complication has lowest SOD activity (660.96 U/gHb) but the malondialdehyde (MDA) level was found to be higher (5.96 µmol/L) amongst studied groups. Lowest plasma TAG, and higher plasma MDA level indicate the presence of oxidative stress in T2D with/without complications. SOD activity was decreased due to the protein glycation and the surplus level of lipid detoxification especially found in T-2DM cases. Good glycemic control counteracts the response of Lipid peroxidation usually occurs in hyperglycemic state.

3.
Acupuncture Research ; (6): 431-437, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-844140

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of electroacupuncture (EA) at "Baihui "(GV20) and "Shenshu "(BL23) on activation of glial cells, expression of inflammatory factor proteins and aquaporin 4 (AQP4)in the hippocampus of amyloid precursor protein/presenilin-1 (APP/PS1) transgenic mice, so as to explore its mechanisms underlying improvement of Alzheimer's disease(AD). METHODS: Twenty C57/BL6 background male APP695/PS1-dE9(APP/PS1) double transgenic mice (model group) and 20 wild type (WT) C57/BL6 mice (blank group) were respectively randomized into control and EA groups. EA (2 Hz/15 Hz, 1-2 mA) was applied to GV20 and bilateral BL23 for 30 min, once daily, 6 days a week for 4 weeks. The recognition memory ability was detected by novel object recognition tests in a behavior test box. The percentage of time spent in close interaction with novel object (C) relative to the total time was used to generate preference index. The contents of hippocampal β amyloid protein (Aβ)1-40 and Aβ1-42 were assayed using ELISA, and the expression levels of glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP), ionic calcium binding receptor molecule-1 (Iba-1), interleukin-1β (IL-1β), interleukin-6 (IL-6) and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) proteins in the hippocampus measured by Western blot. The activities of hippocampal astrocytes (GFAP-labelled cells), microglia (Iba-1-labelled cells) and the polarity expression of AQP4 (for removing Aβ) were measured by immunohistochemistry. RESULTS: The preference index was significantly decreased in the model group relatively to the blank control group (P0.05).. CONCLUSION: EA at GV20 and BL23 can reduce inflammatory reaction and Aβ level, suppress activation of astrocytes and microglia, and up-regulate expression of AQP4 in the hippocampus tissue in APP/PS1 transgenic mice, which may contribute to its effect in improving recognition memory ability, suggesting a role of EA intervention in delaying the development of AD via promoting the drainage of Aβ by the glymphatic system in the brain.

4.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1666-1671, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-823290

ABSTRACT

Prostate cancer is the most common malignant tumor of male reproductive system, which seriously threatens men's health. It has been shown that the existence of zinc ions can inhibit the growth of prostate cancer cells. In addition, photothermal treatment of cancer is attracting more and more attention due to its high accuracy and efficiency. In this study, zinc ions loaded black phosphorus nanosheets (BP-Zn) were prepared, and the photothermal therapy efficiency of the system on human prostate cancer cells (PC-3) was evaluated. The inhibition effect of zinc ions on PC-3 cells was studied. It was demonstrated that the toxicity of zinc ions on PC-3 cells was concentration- and time-dependent. Moreover, it can be seen from in vitro photothermal therapy that the treatment effect of black phosphorus assisted by zinc ions is superior to that of black phosphorus alone. This study further studied the in vivo therapeutic effect of BP-Zn. The results once again confirmed that the combinational photothermal treatment of zinc ions and BP had excellent anti-tumor effect. The animal procedures were approved by the Animal Ethics Committee of Tsinghua Shenzhen International Graduate School.

5.
Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992) ; 66(5): 615-622, 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1136248

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE To explore the association of brain-derived neurotrophic factor gene (BDNF) polymorphism with the latent cognitive endophenotype of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) after major natural disasters in Hainan Province, China. METHODS A total of 300 patients with PTSD and 150 healthy controls (HC) were surveyed by psychoanalysis scale to assess their cognitive functions. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (PAGE) were used to detect the BDNF gene polymorphism. RESULTS In terms of the cognitive function, the scores in the PTSD group were worse than those of the HC group (P < 0.05 or P < 0.01). There was a significant difference in the distribution of BDNF genotype and allele frequency between the two groups (P < 0.05). PTSD endophenotypes were significantly different among the BDNF genotypes in the PTSD group (P ≤ 0.01). CONCLUSION There is a statistically significant difference in the polymorphism of BDNF gene between PTSD and HC groups, and the alleles are associated with the incidence of PTSD. Thus, it may be a risk factor for PTSD.


RESUMO OBJETIVO Explorar a associação do polimorfismo do gene fator neurotrófico derivado do cérebro (BDNF) com o endofenótipo cognitivo latente de transtorno de estresse pós-traumático (TEPT) após grandes desastres naturais na província de Hainan, China. MÉTODOS Um total de 300 doentes com TEPT e 150 controles saudáveis (HC) foi investigado pela escala de psicanálise para avaliar as suas funções cognitivas. A reação em cadeia polimerase (PCR) e a eletroforese em gel de poliacrilamida (Page) foram usadas para detectar o polimorfismo do gene BDNF. RESULTADOS Em termos de função cognitiva, as pontuações no grupo TEPT foram piores do que as do grupo HC (P<0,05 ou P<0,01). Houve uma diferença significativa na distribuição do genótipo de BDNF e frequência do alelo entre os dois grupos (P<0,05). Os endofenótipos de TEPT foram significativamente diferentes entre os genótipos de BDNF do grupo TEPT (P≤0,01). CONCLUSÃO Existe uma diferença estatisticamente significativa no polimorfismo do gene BDNF entre o TEPT e os grupos HC, e os alelos estão associados à incidência do TEPT. Assim, pode ser um fator de risco para TEPT.


Subject(s)
Humans , Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor/genetics , Polymorphism, Genetic , Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic , China , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Alleles , Endophenotypes , Genotype
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-851181

ABSTRACT

The energy consumption of Chinese materia medica industry is astonishing. The steam consumption of the heavy concentrating section accounts for about 60% of the whole plant, or even higher. Membrane concentration technology has the important advantages of “low energy consumption and low cost”, but it is restricted by the respective defects caused by the technical principles of different membrane processes. Our research group introduces the international advanced integrated design strategy and method in view of the key technology of “reverse osmosis and membrane distillation integration” which is expected to suitable for the concentrated demand of Chinese medicine pharmaceutical industry. Taking the representative Chinese herbal compound prescription as the experimental system, a three-dimensional model of "time-material rheological characteristics-membrane mass transfer process" was established by using rheological theory and computational fluid dynamics (CFD) as experimental system and dynamic and precise analysis of technological process. The rheological law of traditional Chinese medicine materials and its influence on membrane concentration process were explored by means of multi-disciplinary methods. The mass transfer effect and mechanism of membrane concentration process on traditional Chinese medicine materials were elaborated. The equilibrium points of critical osmotic pressure (RO process) and critical flux (membrane distillation process) were found. The optimal combination schemes of reverse osmosis (RO) and membrane distillation (MD) were explored. In short, we solved the key technical problems of the membrane concentration process, which provided support for the complete set of technical equipment and the technological design, and promoted the theoretical and technological innovation of TCM pharmaceutical engineering.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-797467

ABSTRACT

In recent years, the number of overseas students has increased sharply because of the growing international influence of China. How to improve their perception of Chinese culture and how to turn them into the outward expresser of Chinese local traditional culture have become new topics regarding to the traditional issue of China’s culture internationalization. Taking the research on international promotion of Ba-yu culture among overseas student community as an entry point, this paper explores the cultural experience guarantee mechanism for overseas students in China with the purpose of strengthening the ideological understanding and providing some feasible suggestions for the government and related cultural promotion departments on financial input, organization management, favorable policies, etc.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-790270

ABSTRACT

In recent years, the number of overseas students has increased sharply because of the growing international influence of China. How to improve their perception of Chinese culture and how to turn them into the outward expresser of Chinese local traditional culture have become new topics regarding to the traditional issue of China's culture internationalization. Taking the research on international promotion of Ba-yu culture among overseas student community as an entry point, this paper explores the cultural experience guarantee mechanism for overseas students in China with the purpose of strengthening the ideological understanding and providing some feasible suggestions for the government and related cultural promotion departments on financial input, organization management, favorable policies, etc.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-742996

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the method of preparing black phosphrous quantum dot (BPQD)-loaded erythrocyte membrane nanovesicles (BPQD-EMNVs), and to study its efficiency in photothermal therapy for breast cancer. Methods Fresh red blood cells (RBCs) of healthy mice were extracted to prepare erythrocyte membrane, and BPQD-EMNVs were prepared by sonication method. The morphology of BPQD-EMNVs was observed by a transmission electron microscopy. The particle size distribution was measured by a nano-particle size and Zeta potential meter. The encapsulation efficiency of BPQD was determined by inductively coupled plasma emission spectrometry. The uptake rate of BPQD-EMNVs was observed by a laser scanning confocal microscope. 4T1 tumor-bearing Balb/c mice were randomly divided into PBS, EMNVs, BPQD and BPQD-EMNVs groups, and the tumor sites were irradiated with 808 nm near-infrared light for 10 min after 4 hours of tail vein injection. The growth of the tumors was continually observed. Results The prepared BPQD-EMNVs have a regular spherical shape with an average particle diameter of 228 nm and an encapsulation efficiency of about 47%. Cellular uptake in vitro experiments showed that BPQD-EMNVs were rapidly taken up by 4T1 tumor cells. The results of animal in vivo experiments showed that BPQD-EMNVs had the highest enrichment after 4 h of injection at the tumor site, and BPQD-EMNVs could effectively kill tumor tissues after 10 min of 808 nm near-infrared light irradiation. Conclusions The BPQD-EMNVs are easy to prepare, and the prepared nanovesicles have good biocompatibility and photothermiotherapy effect, which is expected to be a promising method for breast cancer therapy.

10.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1297-1302, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-780229

ABSTRACT

Immunotherapy is the most active research area for cancer treatment. Tumor vaccine is one of the most developed aspects of cancer immunotherapy. Though tumor vaccine has made many breakthrough, it still faces many challenges. In this study, we coated the black phosphorus quantum dots (BPQDs) with cancer cell membrane to create a nanoparticle named BPQD-CCNVs. The BPQD-CCNVs were incubated with bone marrow-derived dendritic cells and irradiated with 808 nm infrared light. We tested the expression level of CD80, CD86 and MHC II of dendritic cells by flow cytometry after irradiation. All animal experiments approved by the Animal Experiments Ethical Committee of Tsinghua University. The results showed that the rise of medium's temperature caused by the photothermal effect of BPQDs could upregulate the expression of CD80, CD86 and MHC-II on dendritic cell surface. Based on these, we conclude that near infrared irradiation can stimulate the activation of dendritic cells. Our study may have provided a new strategy for tumor vaccine development.

11.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 729-736, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-780160

ABSTRACT

In this study, black phosphorus quantum dots (BPQDs)-loaded liposomes (liposome-BPQDs) were prepared to explore physicochemical properties and photothermal effects on cervical cancer cells. BPQDs were fabricated by ultrasonic method. Liposome-BPQDs were prepared by thin film dispersion. Surface morphology, particle size, zeta potential and Raman spectra of liposome-BPQDs were characterized. The cytotoxicity of the liposome-BPQDs against human cervical cancer cells (HeLa) was examined by CCK-8 assay. Confocal laser scanning microscope (CLSM) and fluorescence microscopy were used to observe the uptake and apoptosis of HeLa cells. The results indicated that liposome-BPQDs were ellipsoidal or spherical under scanning electron microscope, TEM observation showed liposome-BPQDs were about 90-110 nm in diameter. The particle size measurements showed liposome-BPQDs were (104.2±0.35) nm in diameter, and zeta potential were examined to be (-11.3±3.01) mV. The encapsulation efficiency was (84.40±2.13)%.Under natural conditions with outdoor ventilation, temperature range of 25 ℃-34 ℃ and relative humidity of 80%-82%, the photothermal effects of liposome-BPQDs was better and the degradation denaturation of liposome-BPQDs were slower than those of BPQDs. The results also reflected that liposome-BPQDs could be uptaken by HeLa cells easily. After near-infrared laser irradiation, the mortality of HeLa cells rise significantly when the amount of BPQDs reach 20 μg·mL-1. In summary, liposome-BPQDs with high stability exhibited good photothermal effects, which can be expected to be applied to photothermal therapy of cervical carcinoma.

12.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 1145-1162, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-815863

ABSTRACT

Drug delivery systems (DDS) are defined as methods by which drugs are delivered to desired tissues, organs, cells and subcellular organs for drug release and absorption through a variety of drug carriers. Its usual purpose to improve the pharmacological activities of therapeutic drugs and to overcome problems such as limited solubility, drug aggregation, low bioavailability, poor biodistribution, lack of selectivity, or to reduce the side effects of therapeutic drugs. During 2015-2018, significant progress in the research on drug delivery systems has been achieved along with advances in related fields, such as pharmaceutical sciences, material sciences and biomedical sciences. This review provides a concise overview of current progress in this research area through its focus on the delivery strategies, construction techniques and specific examples. It is a valuable reference for pharmaceutical scientists who want to learn more about the design of drug delivery systems.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775874

ABSTRACT

Professor 's experience for post-stroke dysphagia treated with penetrating-needling and swallowing technique of acupuncture is summarized in this paper. The key pathogenesis of this disease is dysfunction of organs, impairment of the house of mental activity and dysfunction of meridian sinew. Innovatively, the anatomic structure related to swallowing is divided into three zones. Based on the distributions of heart, kidney and stomach meridians on the neck, three lines are determined. Hence, the theory of "three-zone and three-line" as well as the penetrating-needling and swallowing technique of acupuncture are put forward. In this paper, the theoretic evidences of penetrating-needling and swallowing technique of acupuncture, point selection and manipulation in treatment of post-stroke dysphagia are introduced.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Therapy , Deglutition , Deglutition Disorders , Therapeutics , Humans , Stroke
14.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 167-176, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774993

ABSTRACT

Low targeting efficiency limits the applications of nanoparticles in cancer therapy. The fact that mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) trapped in the lung after systemic infusion is a disadvantage for cell therapy purposes. Here, we utilized MSC as lung cancer-targeted drug delivery vehicles by loading nanoparticles (NP) with anti-cancer drug. MSC showed a higher drug intake capacity than fibroblasts. In addition, MSC showed predominant lung trapping in both rabbit and monkey. IR-780 dye, a fluorescent probe used to represent docetaxel (DTX) in NP, delivered MSC accumulated in the lung. Both MSC/A549 cell experiments and MSC/lung cancer experiments validated the intercellular transportation of NP between MSC and cancer cells. assays showed that the MSC/NP/DTX drug delivery system exerted primary tumor inhibition efficiency similar to that of a NP/DTX drug system. Collectively, the MSC/NP drug delivery system is promising for lung-targeted drug delivery for the treatment of lung cancer and other lung-related diseases.

15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-813086

ABSTRACT

The article entitled "Differential expression of exosomal miRNAs in osteoblasts in osteoarthritis" published on Journal of Central South University (Medical Science), in Volume 43, Issue 12, 2018 (DOI: 10.11817/j.issn.1672-7347.2018.12.003) may have an unclear risk of bias due to insufficient understanding for some results. Further experimental studies are needed. We all agree to retract this article, and apologize to the Journal and readers for the possible negative impact.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-703597

ABSTRACT

Objective: The study aimed to explore the initial effect of the Luohu healthcare group reform in Shenzhen based on the patient’s perspective. Methods: The questionnaire survey was conducted to investigate the views of patients in 3 hospitals and 23 community health centers in Luohu district. Results: A total of 936 valid ques-tionnaires were collected and analyzed. The valid response rate was 94. 55% . More than 90 percent of the total sur-veyed patients provided a good or very good evaluation on the healthcare services, service attitude, medical referral services and interpretation, communication skills, and better family doctor skills. More than 80 percent of the sur-veyed patients perceived well or very well on medical treatment, the convenience of medical referral, the referral process of the community health centers, and the specialists serving in community health centers mechanism. Conclu-sions: The results showed that patients had a slightly high satisfaction with family doctors and community health cen-ter, and after the group was founded, the proportion of patients who preferred going to community health centers after illness has been increasing significantly more than before. In future, a further development of the advantages of healthcare group should be brought into action and improve the relevant supporting policies. The long-term effect de-serves a further observation.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-703596

ABSTRACT

Objective: The study aimed to explore the initial effect of the Luohu Healthcare Group Reform in Shenzhen based on the employee’s perspective. Methods: The questionnaire survey was conducted to investigate the views of employees in 3 hospitals and 23 community health centers in Luohu district. Results: A total of 480 ques-tionnaires were distributed and only 412 valid questionnaires were collected and analyzed. The valid response rate was 85. 83% . 37. 21% of doctors responded that they had motive power to work in community health centers; 75. 38 per-cent of employees stated that their healthcare organization changed a lot; Employees’average work satisfaction scores, interpersonal relationship and healthcare organization development were all above 4. 20, and the consistency of em-ployee evaluation was high. Conclusions: Most of the surveyed employees evaluated the initial stage of the Luohu health reform positively. Since the hospital group started to operate two years ago, the development of the affiliated health facilities has been on an upward trend. The formation of vertical alliance within the hospital group has e-merged; and physicians of secondary and higher-grade hospitals have had increasing willingness of working at the community health centers, especially in the departments of internal medicine and traditional Chinese medicine. The hospital group has been guiding all affiliated facilities to develop its unique signature specialty so that facilities can col-laborate with each other and evolve as a whole. Group employees have expectations that the hospital group will coordi-nate and incorporate interests of all stakeholders, fulfill the commitments, and develop a better future for the group.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-703568

ABSTRACT

Health system reform at district-level is an important but often neglected component in health system reform of China. According with the national policy-strategy guidance and the local health needs and problems within its jurisdiction,Luohu District has taken a series of effective reform measures for promoting a comprehensive reform since 2015,in which the crucial part was the establishment of"LuoHu Hospital Group". The reform in Luohu was initiated by the district-level government under the favorable policy and external conditions. The district government departments explored and innovated,and developed a featured district-level health system reform road. This experi-ence shows that district-level government should be an active actor in the local health system reform in China. The re-form in Luohu is still on the way,and more effect is yet to emerge, but the experience is of important reference for the health system reform in other regions/cities of China.

19.
China Journal of Endoscopy ; (12): 7-11, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-702941

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical characteristics and postoperative complications of elderly patients with biliary pancreatic disease treated with endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatogra. Methods The clinical data of 236 patients with ERCP were analyzed retrospectively. According to the age of over 80 years or not, the patients were divided into the elderly group and non-elderly group, and the clinical characteristics and complications of elderly patients were explored. Results In 116 cases of elderly patients, the common bile duct stones also were the primary disease, but the proportion of malignant obstructive jaundice was significantly increased. Compared with the non-elderly patients, the incidence of hypertension, coronary heart disease, diabetes mellitus, COPD and duodenal papillary diverticulum were increased significantly in the elderly group. Moreover, the proportion of biliary stent implantation were increased significantly. The incidence of postoperative bleeding in the elderly patients were significantly higher than that in the non-elderly patients, and the high risk factors might be primary malignant obstructive jaundice, with hypertension, coronary heart disease and duodenal papillary diverticulum. Conclusion The prevalence of malignant diseases in elderly patients was increased, and they have a lot of complications, such as hypertension, coronary heart disease, diabetes mellitus, COPD and duodenal papillary diverticulum, which resulting in increased risk of postoperative bleeding. In general, therapeutic ERCP was safe and effective for elderly patients with biliary pancreatic diseases.

20.
Chinese Journal of Pathophysiology ; (12): 1075-1080, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-701242

ABSTRACT

AIM:To investigate the effect of homeodomain-interacting protein kinase 2 (HIPK2) on the viabi-lity, apoptosis and JAK2/STAT3 signaling pathway in NRK-52E renal tubular epithelial cells induced by hypoxia and reox-ygenation (H/R). METHODS:HIPK2 small interfering RNA (siRNA) was transfected into NRK-52E cells by Lipo-fectamineTM 2000, and normal control group (control group) and negative control group (HIPK2-NC group) were set up. After H/R, the cell viability was measured by CCK-8 assay, the apoptotic rate and Ca2+ fluorescence intensity were ana-lyzed by flow cytometry, and the protein levels of Ki67, cleaved caspase-3, caspase-12, Bcl-2, Bax, p-JAK2 and p-STAT3 were determined by Western blot. RESULTS:Compared with control group, the protein expression of HIPK2 in the NRK-52E cells was significantly decreased after transfection with HIPK2 siRNA (P<0.05). Compared with control group, the cell viability and the protein expression of Ki67 and Bcl-2 in H/R group were also significantly decreased, and the apoptotic rate, the Ca2+ fluorescence intensity and the protein levels of cleaved caspase-3, caspase-12, Bax, p-JAK2 and p-STAT3 were significantly increased (P<0.05). Compared with H/R group, the cell viability and the protein expression of Ki67 and Bcl-2 in HIPK2-siRNA+H/R group were significantly increased, while the apoptotic rate, the Ca2+ fluorescence inten-sity and the protein levels of cleaved caspase-3, caspase-12, Bax, p-JAK2 and p-STAT3 were significantly decreased (P<0.05). CONCLUSION:Inhibition of HIPK2 gene expression promotes H/R-induced growth of NRK-52E renal tubular epi-thelial cells, and reduces the apoptosis. The mechanism is related to down-regulating the JAK2/STAT3 signaling pathway.

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