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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922601

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#High fat-induced podocyte injury is one of the important factors leading to obesity related nephropathy (ORG), but the mechanism is not clear. This study aims to explore the mechanism of period circadian clock 3 (PER3) in the oxidative stress and inflammation induced by palmitic acid (PA) in podocytes.@*METHODS@#The C57BL/6J mice were fed with chow and high-fat diet for 16 weeks. The PER3 expression in kidney tissues were detected in the normal body weight group and the obesity group. The PER3 mRNA and protein expression were detected after the podocytes were induced with different concentrations (0, 50, 150 and 300 μmol/L) of PA for 48 h. The PER3 mRNA and protein expression were detected after the podocytes were induced with 150 μmol/L PA for 0, 24, 36, and 48 h. Triglyceride (TG) levels were examined in the PA group, the adenovirus (ad)-PER3+PA group, and the siRNA-PER+PA group after the podocytes were transfected by Ad-PER3 or small interfering RNA (siRNA)-PER3 for 48 h and subsequently were induced with 150 μmol/L PA for 48 h. The differential gene expression was detected using RNA sequencing (RNA-seq) after podocytes were transfected by siRNA-PER3 (siRNA-PER3 group) and siRNA-control (siRNA-control group), respectively. The mRNA levels of nephrin, podocin, podocalyxin, podoplanin, superoxide dismutase 1 (SOD1), glutathione peroxidase 1 (GPX1), catalase (CAT), and the levels of malondialdehyde (MDA), glutathione (GSH), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin-6 (IL-6), interleukin-1β (IL-1β) and interleukin-2 (IL-2) were detected after podocytes were transfected with Ad-PER3 or Ad-control for 48 h and then they were induced by 150 μmol/L PA for 48 h.@*RESULTS@#The PER3 was down-regulated in the obesity group compared with the normal body weight group (@*CONCLUSIONS@#PER3 can decrease the PA-induced oxidative stress and inflammatory factor secretion via inhibiting the lipogenesis in podocytes.


Subject(s)
Animals , Circadian Clocks , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Oxidative Stress , Palmitic Acid/toxicity , Podocytes/metabolism
2.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 759-763, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877148

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze the status of follow-up cell testing of HIV/AIDS cases among young students aged 15-24 in Guangdong Province from 2008 to 2019.@*Methods@#Using the historical database downloaded from the AIDS Comprehensive Prevention and Control Information System from January 1, 2018 to December 31, 2019, eligible newly discovered cases were screened by year and were linked with follow-up database. Joinpoint regression model and trend test were used to explore the annual changes in the follow-up and CD4 testing status, and Logistic regression was used to analyze relevant influencing factors.@*Results@#The number of infected students showed a rapid upward trend before 2015(APC=41.7,β=0.3,P<0.01), and the growth rate slowed down(APC=3.6,β=-0.3,P<0.01). The proportion of follow-up and CD4 testing completed within one year increased from 58.3% in 2008 to 93.6% in 2019, and the timely detection rate increased from 33.3% in 2008 to 86.2% in 2019. The Cochran Armitage trend test was statistically significant. Pairwise comparison test showed time trends of the idnex differed in regions and education groups (Z=4.7,8.7,9.8,P<0.01). The Pearl River Delta region, cases from other cities in the province, with precise transmission routes, from voluntary counseling and testing, and cases flowing within the province, the proportion of follow up and testing completed within one year is relatively high (P<0.05).@*Conclusion@#The growth rate of HIV/AIDS cases among young students aged 15-24 in Guangdong Province has slowed down in recent years. The route of infection, source and flow of cases affect follow-up and testing compliance. And to do a good job of referrals for off-site mobility, and explore and promote student-friendly VCT service models.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906484

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the intervention mechanism of Yishen Huayu prescription on glomerular podocyte injury in diabetic nephropathy (DN) rats based on epithelialmesenchymal transition (EMT) regulated by Wnt/<italic>β</italic>-catenin pathway. Method:The 60 SD rats were divided into control group, model group, Wnt-C59 group (0.03 g·kg<sup>-1</sup> Wnt/<italic>β</italic>-catenin pathway inhibitor), low-dose group (8 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>), medium-dose group (16 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>) and high-dose group (32 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>). After 12 weeks, various indexes , including general signs, serum creatinine (SCr), blood urea nitrogen (BUN), renal index, urinary protein, blood glucose, renal pathological changes, podocyte and expressions of glomerular basement membrane injury and podocyte injury related proteins [nephrin, synaptopodin], Wnt/<italic>β</italic>-catenin pathway related proteins (Wnt1, <italic>β</italic>-catenin), podocyte EMT related protein [<italic>α</italic>-smooth muscle actin (<italic>α</italic>-SMA), E-cadherin], were compared between groups. Result:Compared with the control group, the renal tissue in the model group showed significant pathological changes, including diffuse thickening of glomerular mesangial matrix and severe foot process fusion, and a significant increase in SCr, BUN, renal indexes, urinary protein, blood glucose, Wnt1, <italic>β</italic>-catenin, and <italic>α</italic>-SMA expression levels (<italic>P</italic><0.05) as well as a significant decrease in nephrin, synaptopodin and E-cadherin expression levels(<italic>P</italic><0.05). Compared with model group, SCr, BUN, renal index, urinary protein, blood glucose, Wnt1, <italic>β</italic>-catenin, and <italic>α</italic>-SMA expression levels in each intervention group significantly decreased (<italic>P</italic><0.05), while the expression levels of nephrin, synaptopodin and E-cadherin significantly increased (<italic>P</italic><0.05). Among intervention groups, the improvement of above indexes in high-dose Yishen Huayu prescription group was the most obvious (<italic>P</italic><0.05), which was similar to the effect in Wnt-C59 group. Conclusion:Yishen Huayu prescription prevents podocyte EMT by inhibiting Wnt/<italic>β</italic>-catenin pathway, thereby repairing glomerular podocyte injury in rats with diabetic nephropathy.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906209

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the clinical efficacy of Sheti Zhiqiu decoction combined with intradermal needling in treatment of allergic rhinitis (AR) of deficient cold of lung Qi syndrome and its effect on cytokines of helper T cell 17 (Th17) and regulatory T cells (Treg). Method:A total of 105 patients with AR of deficient cold of lung Qi syndrome were randomly divided into traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) group, combination group and western medicine group, with 35 cases in each group. The TCM group was treated with Sheti Zhiqiu decoction, 1 dose a day. The combination group was treated with intradermal needling in addition to the therapy of the TCM group. The selected acupoints were Yintang, bilateral Yingxiang, Fengchi, Feishu and Zusanli. The needles were retained for 3 days before being replaced. The western medicine group was treated with mometasone furoate nasal spray, 100 μg/time at each side of the nasal cavity, <italic>qd</italic>, and desloratadine citrate tablet, 8.8 mg/time, <italic>qd</italic>. Three groups were treated for 4 weeks and followed up for 3 months. Nasal and ocular symptom scores and rhinoconjunctivitis quality of life questionnaire (RQLQ) scores of patients in three groups were observed before and after treatment. Levels of serum interleukin-17 (IL-17), interleukin-10 (IL-10) and transforming growth factor-<italic>β</italic><sub>1</sub> (TGF-<italic>β</italic><sub>1</sub>) were measured before and after treatment. The clinical efficacy and safety were evaluated, and the disease recurrence rate was observed during the follow-up period. Result:Compared with before treatment, nasal and ocular symptom scores and total score, and RQLQ scores and total score of patients in three groups were significantly decreased after treatment (<italic>P</italic><0.01). Compared with the TCM group and the western medicine group after treatment, except for eyes itching/foreign body sensation/red eyes score, nasal and ocular symptom scores and total score, and RQLQ scores and total score of the combination group were lower(<italic>P</italic><0.05,<italic>P</italic><0.01). Compared with before treatment, level of serum IL-17 of patients in three groups was significantly decreased (<italic>P</italic><0.01), while levels of IL-10 and TGF-<italic>β</italic><sub>1</sub> were significantly increased after treatment (<italic>P</italic><0.01). Compared with the TCM group and the western medicine group after treatment, level of serum IL-17 was lower, whereas levels of IL-10 and TGF-<italic>β</italic><sub>1</sub> were higher in the combination group (<italic>P</italic><0.05,<italic>P</italic><0.01). The clinical efficacy of the combination group was better than that of the TCM medicine group and the western medicine group (Z=-2.207,Z=-2.185,<italic>P</italic><0.05). There was no significant difference in recurrence rate between combination group and the TCM group, and the recurrence rate of both groups was lower than that of the western medicine group(<italic>χ</italic><sup>2</sup>=5.020,<italic>χ</italic><sup>2</sup>=4.835,<italic>P</italic><0.05). There was no significant adverse reaction during the treatment period in three groups. Conclusion:Sheti Zhiqiu decoction combined with intradermal needling is effective in treatment of patients with AR of deficient cold of lung Qi syndrome. It can significantly relieve patients' symptoms, improve patients' quality of life and reduce disease recurrence. It may play a role by regulating immune balance of Th17/Treg of patients and improving their immune function.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885556

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the prenatal clinical characteristics and genetic etiology of Wolf-Hirschhorn syndrome manifested by severe fetal growth restriction (FGR).Methods:Clinical data of three pregnant women admitted to Changsha Hospital for Maternal and Child Health Care from 2018 to 2020 due to severe FGR with or without other malformations diagnosed by prenatal ultrasound were collected. Amniotic fluid samples obtained by ultrasound-guided amniocentesis were analyzed by conventional G-banding staining technique and single nucleotide polymorphism array (SNP array). Parental peripheral blood cells were collected for SNP array to verify the source of variation.Results:(1) The karyotypes of both case 1 and 2 were normal, while case 3 had an abnormal karyotype of 46,XN,der(4)(9pter→9p23::4p15.31→4qter). (2) SNP array indicated a 7.8 Mb microdeletion in 4p16.3p16.1 cytoband in case 1 and a 5.5 Mb microdeletion in 4p16.3p16.2 cytoband in case 2, which were both de novo copy number variations. Case 3 harbored a 19.88 Mb deletion in 4p16.3p15.31 and a 10.89 Mb duplication in 9p24.3p23. (3) All three fetuses were diagnosed as Wolf-Hirschhorn syndrome, and their parents chose to terminate the pregnancies after genetic counseling. Conclusions:Considering the possibility of genetic disease, invasive prenatal diagnosis is suggested when prenatal ultrasonography showed severe FGR, regardless of other malformations, to clarify the cause and guide genetic counseling.

6.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 203-207, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884989

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the cytogenetic characteristics of hypospadias in children by karyotype analysis.Methods:From June 2008 to May 2018, 45 children with hypospadias in Tianjin Children's Hospital had cytogenetic abnormalities. Their median age was 10 months(range 3 hours to 5 years old). Of the 45 cases, 20 were proximal hypospadias, 1 was middle hypospadias. All 24 cases had varying degrees of genitourinary malformations. Among them, 15 cases had unilateral or bilateral cryptorchidism, 5 cases had scrotal division, 3 cases had penile scrotal transposition, 3 cases had small penis, 3 cases had indirect inguinal hernia, 1 case had repeated urethra, 1 case had hydrocele and 1 case had concealed penis. To the other systemic malformations, there was 1 with cleft lip and palate and 1 with congenital heart disease. G-banding karyotype analysis of peripheral blood lymphocytes was performed in all 45 cases.Results:Among the 45 cases of hypospadias with abnormal karyotypes, with an abnormal rate of 14.0%, 28 cases (62.22%) had sex chromosome abnormalities, including (47, XXY), (46, XX/47, XXY), (45, X0/47, XYY), etc. Sexual inversion occurred in 8 cases (17.78%), all of which were 46, XX. There were 4 autosomal abnormalities (8.89%), including (46, XY, 9p+ ), (46, XY, 10p+ ) and (46, XY, 1q+ ). Chromosome polymorphism was found in 4 cases (8.89%), including [46, XY, inv(9)] and [46, XY, 16qh+ ], and the equilibrium translocation of 1 case (2.22%) was [45, XY, -21, -22, + t(21; 22)]. Among the 45 cases, 8 sex reversal children with (46, XX) chromosome karyotype were all proximal hypospadias.Conclusions:Children with hypospadias may be associated with chromosomal karyotype abnormalities, including sex chromosomal abnormalities, autosomal abnormalities, chromosome polymorphism and balanced translocation. Among them, sex chromosome abnormality was the most common and balanced translocation was the least.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883528

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the clinical features of post-pancreaticoduodenectomy hemorrhage, and explore effective and practical nursing strategies.Methods:Clinical data of 62 patients with post-pancreaticoduodenectomy hemorrhage from Jan 2014 to Dec 2019 in the First Affiliated Hospital of Naval Medical University were retrospectively analyzed. The bleeding time, location, vital signs, accompanying symptoms and surgical treatment measures and clinical outcomes were analyzed.Results:Among the 62 cases, early (within 24 h) hemorrhage occurred in 19/62 patients (30.6%), and late hemorrhage occurred in 43/62 patients (69.4%). 36/62 patients (58.1%) had arterial bleeding; And 43/62 patients (69.4%) had abdominal hemorrhage. Grade C hemorrhage occurred in 32/62 patients (51.6%). Sentinel hemorrhage occurred in 8/62 patients (12.9%). The manifestation of hemorrhage in 42 patients was bloody fluid from abdominal drainage tube (67.7%). Hemorrhage occurred in 23 patients with pancreatic fistula(37.1%), 12 patients with abdominal infection and other complications (19.4%). Shock symptoms occurred in 41 cases (66.1%) with postoperative hemorrhage. Pancreaticoduodenectomy hemorrhage were early detected in 0.3 h and last detected in 869 h, with a median time of 192.00 (14.63, 297.00) h. 30/62 cases (48.4%) of hemorrhage patients occurred 1 hour before and after nursing shift. When hemorrhage was found, emergency treatments such as blood transfusion to maintain blood volume ( n=47, 75.8%), hemostasis ( n=35, 56.5%) and vasoactive drugs to increase blood pressure ( n=32, 51.6%) were usually given immediately. 31/62 patients (50.0%) underwent emergency secondary surgery within 4 h of hemorrhage, and 45/62 patients (72.6%) were cured by emergency surgical treatment. A written treatment pre-plan for surgical nurses was established. Conclusions:Surgical nurses should be familiar with the clinical manifestations of post-pancreaticoduodenectomy hemorrhage, and improve the alarming ability of identifying the complications of post-operative hemorrhage. The establishment of an emergency pre-plan for surgical nurses could help to treat such patients timely and effectively.

8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880650

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a kind of autoimmune inflammatory connective tissue disease which seriously endangers human health. Genetic factors play a key role in the pathogenesis of SLE. This study aims to investigate a novel phospholipase D2 (PLD2) mutation associated with familial SLE, and further explore the underlying mechanism of the mutation in SLE.@*METHODS@#The blood samples from a SLE patient, the patient's parents, and 147 normal controls were collected and DNA was extracted. Whole genome high-throughput sequencing was performed in the patient and her parents and the results were further analyzed by various bioinformatics methods. The wild type (wt), mutant type (mu), and negative control PLD2 plasmids were further constructed and transfected into 293 cells. The expression level of HRAS protein in 293 cells was detected by Western blotting.@*RESULTS@#In this SLE family, the female SLE patient and her mother, 1 in generation II and 1 in generation III had typical clinical manifestations of SLE, and all of them had lupus nephritis at early stage. The genetic characteristics are consistent with autosomal dominant inheritance. A novel PLD2 heterozygous mutation (c.2722C>T) was found in the patient and her mother, but not in her father and other normal controls. Compared with wtPLD2 plasmid and negative control PLD2 plasmid, the expression of HRAS in 293 cells transfected with muPLD2 plasmid was significantly up-regulated (both @*CONCLUSIONS@#PLD2 c.2722C>T mutation may be one of the pathogeny of SLE in this family.


Subject(s)
Case-Control Studies , Female , High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing , Humans , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic/genetics , Lupus Nephritis , Mutation , Phospholipase D
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871931

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the molecular epidemiological characteristics of GⅡNorovirus (NoV) infection in children in Tianjin Children′s Hospital in 2018.Methods:Single center study. From January to December 2018, a total of 2 185 stool specimens were collected from the children with acute gastroenteritis suspected caused by virus infection in Tianjin Children′s Hospital. Norovirus was detected by real-time fluorescence reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR).The capsid protein VP1(VP1) region of positive samples was amplified and sequenced. The phylogenetic tree was constructed by MEGA5.05 for analyzing the results. The detection of NoV in different age groups and different months were compared by SPSS 20.0.Results:Among the 2 185 stool specimens,610 were NoV positive, the positive rate was 27.9% (610/2 185).All of the positive samples were GⅡgenogroup. Seven genotypes were found, with GⅡ.3 subtype accounting for 46.2%(151/327),GⅡ.4 subtype accounting for 40.1%(131/327),GⅡ.2 subtype accounting for 4.6%(15/327), other subtypes accounting for 9.1%(30/327).There was a significant difference in NoV detection rate among different age groups (χ 2=17.050, P=0.002). Among the positive specimens, the detection rate of less than or equal to 3 years old was the highest which is accounting for 89.2%.Also there was a significant difference in NoV detection rate among different months(χ 2=225.153, P<0.001).November and December are the most frequent months. There was significant difference between GⅡ.3 and GⅡ.4 NoV infection in children with granulocytopenia (χ 2=11.270, P=0.001) , and also in children with respiratory symptoms (χ 2=7.257, P=0.007) . Conclusions:GⅡ.3 and GⅡ.4 were the main genotypes of NoV infection in children in Tianjin in 2018. The Multiple genotypes suggests that the monitoring and prevention of NoV infection in children should continue to be strengthened in the future.

10.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 216-219, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867227

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the relationship between long non-coding ovarian adenocarcinoma amplified RNA (LncRNA-OVAAL) and tumor recurrence and prognosis in uterine papillary serous carcinoma (UPSC).Methods From May 2012 to November 2016,32 patients with UPSC in our hospital were selected as observation group,and 30 patients with other benign diseases were selected as control group.Real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was used to detect the expression of LncRNA-OVAAL in the enrolled patients.The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to analyze the cutoff value of LncRNA-OVAAL.The relationship between LncRNA-OVAAL expression and clinicopathological features was analyzed.The cumulative survival rate was calculated and survival analysis was performed.The Cox risk regression model was used to analyze the single-factor and multi-factor analysis of prognosis and overall survival rate.Results The expression of LncRNA-OVAAL in patients with UPSC was elevated,which was related to age,vascular invasion,menopause,recurrence and preoperative serum human epididymis protein 4 (HE4) and carbohydrate antigen 125 (CA125) (P < 0.05).High expression of LncRNAOVAAL was a risk factor for postoperative recurrence and overall survival in patients with UPSC (P <0.05).Conclusions The high expression of LncRNA-OVAAL has a certain evaluation value for predicting postoperative recurrence and prognosis in patients with UPSC.

11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880581

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#Primary carnitine deficiency (PCD) is a rare fatty acid metabolism disorder that can cause neonatal death. This study aims to analyze carnitine levels and detect SLC22A5 gene in newborns with carnitine deficiency, to provide a basis for early diagnosis of PCD, and to explore the relationship between carnitine in blood and SLC22A5 genotype.@*METHODS@#A total of 40 neonates with low free carnitine (C0G (p.Y251C), c.495 C>A (p.R165E), and c.1298T>C (p.M433T). We found 14 PCD patients including 2 homozygous mutations and 12 heterozygous mutations, 14 with 1 mutation, and 12 with no mutation among 40 children. The C0 concentration of children with SLC22A5 gene homozygous or complex heterozygous mutations was (4.95±1.62) μmol/L in the initial screening, and (3.90±1.33) μmol/L in the second screening. The C0 concentration of children with no mutation was (7.04±2.05) μmol/L in the initial screening, and (8.02±2.87) μmol/L in the second screening. There were significant differences between children with homozygous or compound heterozygous mutations and with no mutation in C0 concentration of the initial and the second screening (both @*CONCLUSIONS@#There are 5 new mutations which enriched the mutation spectrum of SLC22A5 gene. C0<5 μmol/L is highly correlated with SLC22A5 gene homozygous or compound heterozygous mutations. Children with truncated mutation may have lower C0 concentration than that with untruncated mutation in the initial screening.


Subject(s)
Cardiomyopathies , Carnitine/deficiency , Child , Humans , Hyperammonemia/genetics , Infant, Newborn , Muscular Diseases/genetics , Mutation , Solute Carrier Family 22 Member 5/genetics
12.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1896-1900, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-756881

ABSTRACT

@#IgG4-RD is a newly recognized chronic and systemic disease. IgG4-positive plasma cells play a part in the occurrence and development of this disease. “IgG4-related ophthalmic disease(ROD)” was proposed for the involvement of eyes in general. The clinical manifestations of IgG4-ROD are various due to different involved parts and have unique pathologic features compared with other organs. With a better understanding on this disease in recent years, diagnosis and treatment rate has been improved. In this paper, we will discuss the definition, epidemiology, pathogenesis, clinicopathological features, diagnosis and differential diagnosis, serum biochemical indices, imaging examinations and treatment about IgG4-ROD.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-709712

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effect of sevoflurane anesthesia on the expression of hippocampal α4 subunit-containing nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (α4nAChR) in rats.Methods One hundred and forty-four Sprague-Dawley rats of both sexes,aged 3-4 months,weighing 220-270 g,were divided into 4 groups (n =36 each) using a random number table:control group (group C),sevoflurane anesthesia for 1 h group (group S1),sevoflurane anesthesia for 3 h group (group S2) and sevoflurane anesthesia for 5 h group (group S3).Group C inhaled air,and S1,S2 and S3 groups inhaled 3% sevoflurane for 1,3 and 5 h,respectively.Twelve rats in each group were selected at 1 and 7 days after emergence from anesthesia to undergo spatial probe test.Rats were then sacrificed immediately after anesthesia and at 1 and 7 days after emergence from anesthesia,and hippocampi were removed for determination of the expression of α4nAchR protein and mRNA in hippocampal neurons (by Western blot or real-time polymerase chain reaction).Results Compared with group C,the duration of staying at the target quadrant was significantly shortened,and the ratio of duration of staying at the original platform quadrant to the total duration and ratio of swimming distance in the original platform quadrant to the total distance were decreased on 1 and 7 days after emergence from anesthesia,the expression of α4nAchR protein and mRNA was down-regulated,and the number of positive cells was reduced in S1,S2 and S3 groups (P<0.05).Compared with S1 and S2 groups,the duration of staying at the target quadrant was significantly shortened,the ratio of duration of staying at the original platform quadrant to the total duration and ratio of swimming distance in the original platform quadrant to the total distance were decreased on 1 day after emergence from anesthesia in group S3 (P<0.05).There was no significant difference in the expression of α4nAchR protein and mRNA or number of positive cells at each time point between group S1,group S2 and group S3 (P>0.05).Conclusion The mechanism by which sevoflurane anesthesia induces cognitive dysfunction may be partially related to down-regulating the expression of hippocampal α4nAchR in rats.

14.
China Pharmacist ; (12): 949-955, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-705636

ABSTRACT

Objective: To study the dose-effect relationship of Yuning ointment and its decomposed recipes in the treatment of oleic acid induced acne in mice. Methods: Oleic acid was administrated to the back (2 cm ×2 cm) of the mice (once a day) for 21 days to induce acne. At d22, the gradient dosage of Anemone flaccida crude drug (1. 06-1 060. 23 mg?kg-1?d-1,k=3. 16), Yuning oint-ment without Anemone flaccida crude drug (4. 73-1 767. 75 mg?kg-1?d-1, k=3. 16) and Yuning ointment (2. 84-2 827. 28 mg?kg-1?d-1, k=3. 16) was respectively administrated to the back of mice for 14 days. The pathological changes of skin were observed by hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining. The diameter of sebaceous glands and the ratio of follicular keratinization area were morphomet-rically analyzed. The serum levels of IL-1, IL-6 and TNF-α were detected by ELISA assay. The median effective dosages (ED50) of A-nemone flaccida in the three prescriptions were regressed by Prism 5. 01 software to determine the prescription dose-effect. Results: All the therapy groups were with significantly relieved pathological changes of sebaceous glands hypertrophy and follicular keratinization, and decreased serum levels of IL-1, IL-6 and TNF-α in a dose-dependent manner. The dose-response curves showed an "S" shape. A-mong the three therapy groups, the effect of Yuning ointment was the best. The ED50of Yuning ointment regressed by Anemone flaccida dose was 0. 28-fold for improving sebaceous glands hypertrophy, 0. 14-fold for inhibiting follicular keratinization, and 0. 15-, 0. 49-and 0. 24-fold for decreasing serum levels of IL-1, IL-6 and TNF-α. . Regressed by Yuning ointment without Anemone flaccida, the ED50of Yuning ointment was lower than Yuning ointment without Anemone flaccid in terms of improving pathological changes and inhibiting the secretion of cytokines. Conclusion: Yuning ointment can prevent and treat acne through regulating immune function. And the prescrip-tion compatibility can enhance the effects of Anemone flaccida.

15.
China Pharmacist ; (12): 817-823, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-705600

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the dose-effect relationship of Xianfu ointment and its decomposed recipes the 1-chloro-2,4-dini-trochlorobenzene(DNCB) induced chronic eczema in mice, and confirm the median effective dose (ED50) of each formula and the synergetic effect by compatibility. Methods:DNCB was used to induce chronic eczema in C57 mice. The mice were treated with gradient dosages of the Xianfu ointment (11.71-11 662.50 mg?kg-1?d-1,k = 0.316), Anemone flaccid (0.53-530.12 mg?kg-1?d-1,k = 0.316), Xianfu ointment without Anemone flaccid (11.18-11 132.40 mg?kg-1?d-1,k =0.316),respectively. The pathological features were observed after hematoxylin-eosin staining. The volume ratio of epidermides and the number of lymphocyte infiltrated in dermis were analyzed with morphometry. The serum levels of IL-2,IFN-γ,IL-4,and IL-13 were detected by ELISA assay. The ED50was calculated by non-linear regression with various slope using Prism-5.0 software.Results:The effects of Xianfu ointment and its decomposed recipes on chronic eczema showed a dose-dependent tendency. The dose-response curves showed"S"shape. The efficacy of Xianfu ointment on chronic eczema was the most significant among the three formulas, which was demonstrated by decreased epidemical thicknes (ED50= 377.90 mg?kg-1?d-1), reduced infiltrated lymphocyte number(ED50= 153.20 mg?kg-1?d-1), increased serum IL-2(ED50=608.90 mg?kg-1?d-1) and IFN-γ (ED50= 205.50 mg?kg-1?d-1) levels, and decreased serum IL-4(ED50= 198.70 mg?kg-1?d-1) and IL-13 levels (ED50= 117.60 mg?kg-1?d-1). And the dose-effect curves of Anemone flaccid and Xianfu ointment without Anemone flaccid groups were both right shift when compared with that of Xianfu ointment. Conclusion:Xianfu ointment and its decomposed recipes can effectively treat chronic eczema. Anemone flaccid has obvious compatibility synergy in the whole formula. The effects of Xianfu ointment is most significant.

16.
Chinese Journal of Immunology ; (12): 576-582, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-702777

ABSTRACT

Objective:To understand and explore the detection rate of the antibodies of 9 types of a typical respiratory pathogens IgM in children with acute respiratory tract infection and the relationship with air pollutants.Methods:The data of air quality monitoring in Tianjin from June 2015 to May 2017 were recorded,and the serum of hospitalized children with ARI were collected during the same period.Detection the antibodies of 9 types of atypical respiratory pathogens IgM by method of indirect immunofluorescence.To understand the detection rate of the antibodies of 9 types of atypical respiratory pathogens IgM and explore the relationship with air pollutants.Results:Among the 33 078 samples,8 364 samples were positive and total positive rate was 25.29%.ADV accounted for 152(0.46%) in all these samples,COX accounted for 9(0.03%),CPN accounted for 14(0.04%),FLuA accounted for 3(0.01%), FLuB accounted for 930(2.8%),LP accounted for 96(0.29%),MP accounted for 6 719(20.3%),PIV accounted for 326(0.99%), RSV accounted for 115(0.35%).The MP and FLuB were major pathogens.During the survey,the average PM2.5,PM10 and NO2were all at a high level,with PM2.5 being the highest and PM10 being the second highest.The AQI and the concentration of PM2.5,PM10, NO2and SO2had correlation with hospitalized cases,the concentration of PM10,NO2,SO2had correlation with and the total positive samples,and the correlation between the concentration of SO2and MP was the closest.Conclusion: The positive rate of MP was the hightest in hospitalized children with ARI of Tianjin children's hospital from June 2015 to May 2017,followed by FluB.Tianjin has severe air pollution,AQI and air pollutants has correlation with the number of hospitalized patients and the total positive samples, correlation between the concentration of SO2and MP was the closest.

17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-687907

ABSTRACT

Allergic asthma is thought to arise from an imbalance of immune regulation, which is characterized by the production of large quantities of IgE antibodies by B cells and a decrease of the interferon-γ/interleukin-4 (Th1/Th2) ratio. Certain immunomodulatory components and Chinese herbal formulae have been used in traditional herbal medicine for thousands of years. However, there are few studies performing evidence-based Chinese medicine (CM) research on the mechanisms and effificacy of these drugs in allergic asthma. This review aims to explore the roles of Chinese herbal formulae and herb-derived compounds in experimental research models of allergic asthma. We screened published modern CM research results on the experimental effects of Chinese herbal formulae and herb-derived bioactive compounds for allergic asthma and their possible underlying mechanisms in English language articles from the PubMed and the Google Scholar databases with the keywords allergic asthma, experimental model and Chinese herbal medicine. We found 22 Chinese herb species and 31 herb-derived anti-asthmatic compounds as well as 12 Chinese herbal formulae which showed a reduction of airway hyperresponsiveness, allergen-specifific immunoglobulin E, inflflammatory cell infifiltration and a regulation of Th1 and Th2 cytokines in vivo, in vitro and ex vivo, respectively. Chinese herbal formulae and herbderived bioactive compounds exhibit immunomodulatory, anti-inflflammatory and anti-asthma activities in different experimental models and their various mechanisms of action are being investigated in modern CM research with genomics, proteomics and metabolomics technologies, which will lead to a new era in the development of new drug discovery for allergic asthma in CM.


Subject(s)
Animals , Asthma , Drug Therapy , Allergy and Immunology , Disease Models, Animal , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Therapeutic Uses , Homeostasis , Hypersensitivity , Drug Therapy , Allergy and Immunology , Immunologic Factors , Therapeutic Uses
18.
Journal of Modern Laboratory Medicine ; (4): 134-138,142, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-696228

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the status of quality indicators(QI) on specimen acceptability and establish preliminary qual ity specification.Methods Web based External Quality Assessment system was used to collect data of laboratories partici pated in "Medical quality control indicators in clinical laboratory" from 2015 to 2017,including once in 2015 and 2017 and twice in 2016.Rate and sigma scales were used to evaluate incorrect sample type,incorrect sample container,incorrect fill level and anticoagulant sample clotted.The 25th percentile (P25) and 75th percentile (P75) of the distribution of each QI were employed to establish the high,medium and low specification.Results 5 346,7 593,5 950 and 6 874 laboratories sub mitted the survey results respectively.The P50 of biochemistry (except incorrect fill level),immunology and microbiology reach to 6σ.The P50 of clinical laboratory is 4 to 6σ except for incorrect sample container.There is no significant change of the continuous survey results.Based on results in 2017 to establish the quality specification,the P25 and P75 of the four QIs is 0 and 0.084 4 %,0 and 0.047 6 %,0 and 0.114 2 %,0 and 0.078 4 %,respectively.Conclusion According to the results of the survey,most laboratories had a faire performance in biochemistry,immunology and microbiology,and clinical laboratory needs to be strengthened.Laboratories should strengthen the laboratory information system construction to ensure the actual and reliable data collection,and make a long time monitoring to achieve a better quality.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-693533

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the effects of osthole on the proliferation,invasion and migration of nasopharyngeal carcinoma cells CNE2,and to investigate the possible molecular mechanism involved in epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT) of CNE2.Methods CNE2 cells were cultured in vitro and were treated with 0,20,40 and 80 μg/ml osthole for 24 or 48 hours,and then methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium (MTT) assay and Transwell assay were used to explore their effects on the cell proliferation,invasion and migration while cells treated with 0 μg/ml osthole were used as the control group.Meanwhile,the mRNA and protein levels of markers of EMT (E-cadherin and vimentin) and Wnt/β-catenin signaling (β-catenin and cyclin D1) were detected by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and Western blotting respectively.Results After treatment for 24 and 48 hours,the inhibitory rates of treatment with various concentration of osthole (0,20,40,80 μg/ml) were 0.00% ± 0.00%,7.45% ± 0.87%,14.12% ± 2.29%,27.26% ±0.43% and 0.00% ±0.00%,13.44% ± 0.84%,29.03% ± 0.78%,57.49% ± 1.70%,with significant differences (F =174.33,P <0.001;F =1 041.40,P <0.001),and the following contrast between each two groups met the statistical significance (all P < 0.01).The migration cells per field of CNE2 cells treated with 0,20,40,80 μg/ml osthole for 48 hours were 52.13 ± 4.49,29.00 ± 4.49,18.50 ± 1.93,13.75 ± 2.77,which exhibited a significant difference (F =200.37,P < 0.001),and the following contrast between each two groups met the statistical significance (all P < 0.01).The invasion cells per field of CNE2 cells treated with 0,20,40,80 μg/ml osthole for 48 hours were 46.63 ± 2.87,24.13 ± 2.87,16.75 ± 5.29,11.00 ± 1.77respectively,which exhibited a significant difference (F =131.92,P < 0.001),and the following contrast between each two groups met the statistical significance (all P < 0.01).Meanwhile,the relative mRNA and protein expressions of E-cadherin in 0,20,40 and 80 μg/ml osthole treated-cells (exposure for 48 hours) were 1.00±0.13,2.61±0.03,3.12±0.09,3.60±0.06 (F=20.92,P<0.001) and0.22±0.03,0.35±0.01,0.60 ± 0.04,0.82 ± 0.03 (F =178.63,P < 0.001) respectively,and the differences were statistically significant,and further pairwise comparison showed the differences were statistically significant (all P < 0.05).Furthermore,the relative mRNA and protein levels of vimentin,β-catenin,cyclin D1 in 0,20,40 and 80 μg/ml osthole treatment for 48 hours were statistically significant difference (mRNA level of vimentin:1.00±0.12, 0.68±0.03 0.56±0.01 0.40±0.09,F=9.48,P<0.010;mRNA level of β-catenin:1.00±0.14.0.78±0.04, 0.69±0.07 0.46±0.12,F=4.84,P<0.050;mRNA level ofcyclin D1:1.00±0.09, 0.82±0.03 0.58 ±0.09 0.40±0.03,F=9.49,P<0.010;protein level ofvimentin:0.85 ± 0.02 0.74 ± 0.01, 0.34 ± 0.01 0.27 ± 0.01,F =610.58,P < 0.001;protein level of β-catenin:0.83 ± 0.00 0.44 ± 0.02, 0.39 ± 0.00 0.23 ± 0.03,F =985.74,P < 0.001;protein level of eyclin D1:0.86 ±0.02, 0.67 ±0.00, 0.35 ±0.01 0.25 ±0.01,F=910.57,P<0.001),and further pairwise comparison showed the differences were statistically significant (all P < 0.05).Conclusion Osthole can inhibit the proliferation,invasion and migration of CNE2 cells,which is related to the regulation of Wnt/β-catenin signal pathway and then suppressing of EMT.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-692209

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To study the effect of Osthole on the proliferation and apoptosis in human nasopharyngeal carcinoma(NPC) cell, and to explore new treatment measures for nasopharyngeal carcinoma. METHODS Human NPC cell line CNE2 was treated with various concentrations of Osthole. MTT assay was used to investigate the cell viability, and apoptosis was detected by flow cytometry in CNE2 cells. Furthermore, the mRNA and protein expression levels of Bcl-2, Bax were determined by RT-PCR and western blot respectively. RESULTS Osthole induced significantly inhibitory effect on CNE2 cells at 24 h, 48 h and 72 h, and it was related with time and dose(P<0.01). Following treatment of Osthole for 48 h, CNE2 cells showed significantly higher apoptosis rate than controls(P<0.01). Meanwhile, both the mRNA and protein levels of Bax in Osthole-treated CNE2 cells were significantly higher than that of controls, while the level of Bcl-2 was downregulated, both of which changed with dose(P<0.01). CONCLUSION The present study implied that Osthole can effectively inhibit proliferation and induce apoptosis in NPC cell lines CNE2.

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