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1.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 267-272, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012518

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the relationship between the ratio of dietary vitamin A (VitA) to body weight and hypertension among children, so as to provide a reference for blood pressure control through dietary nutritional interventions and childhood hypertension prevention.@*Methods@#Utilizing the baseline survey and followup sample data from the Healthy Children Cohort established in urban and rural areas of Chongqing from 2014 to 2019, structured quantitative dietary questionnaire and selfdesigned questionnaire were used to investigate the information of dietary intake and socioeconomic characteristics of 15 279 children, as well as blood pressure, height, weight measurement. The ratio of dietary VitA to body weight was divided into four groups based on quartiles [≤P25(Q1), >P25~P50(Q2), >P50~P75(Q3), >P75(Q4)]. Generalized linear regression models and Logistic regression models were used to analyze the correlation between ratio of dietary VitA to body weight with blood pressure levels and prevalence of hypertension.@*Results@#The results of the 2014 baseline survey indicated that, after adjusting for confounding factors such as demographic indicators and nutritional intake, significant differences were observed in systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP), and mean arterial pressure (MAP) among different groups categorized by the ratio of dietary VitA to body weight (F=157.57, 44.71, 95.92, P<0.01). The baseline ratio of dietary VitA to body weight in children exhibited a negative correlation with DBP, SBP and MAP at baseline and in 2019[baseline: β(95%CI)=-0.65(-0.89--0.42), -0.22(-0.42--0.01), -0.36(-0.56--0.16); 2019: β(95%CI)=-0.77(-1.34--0.19), -0.62(-1.21--0.02), -0.77(-1.34--0.19), P<0.05]. Compared to Q1 group, the risk of hypertension decreased among children in Q4 at baseline and followup in 2019 [OR(95%CI)=0.63(0.49-0.81), 0.18(0.08-0.42), P<0.01].@*Conclusions@#The ratio of dietary VitA to body weight is significantly negatively correlated with blood pressure levels among children, and dietary VitA deficiency is an independent risk factor for hypertension among children. Measures should be taken to actively adjust childrens dietary nutrition and reduce the risk of childhood hypertension.

2.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 1031-1037, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013218

ABSTRACT

Objective: To assess the clinical features and relative factors of left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) in children with primary hypertension. Methods: In this retrospective cohort study, 430 children diagnosed with primary hypertension in Children's Hospital, Capital Institute of Pediatrics from January 2019 to September 2022 were enrolled. Their clinical data was analyzed and LVH was assessed by echocardiography. According to left ventricular geometry, these children were assigned to the LVH group and normal geometry group. General conditions, laboratory indicators and ambulatory blood pressure parameters between two groups were compared by independent sample t-test or Mann-Whitney U test. Spearman correlation coefficient was used to analyze the correlation between LVH and clinical indicators including blood pressure, biochemical and metabolic indicators. The independent risk factors of LVH were analyzed by multivariable logistic regression. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to explore the value of risk factors in the diagnosis of LVH. Results: Among the 430 children with primary hypertension, 342 (79.5%) were males and 88 (20.5%) females. Their age was (12.6±2.3) years, and 123 children (28.6%) of them had LVH. Body mass index (BMI) ((30.0±5.2) vs. (26.2±4.3) kg/m2), ratio of stage 2 hypertension (75.6% (93/123) vs. 59.6% (183/307)), 24-hour systolic blood pressure (24 h SBP)((131±10) vs. (128±10) mmHg,1 mmHg=0.133 kPa), daytime systolic blood pressure (SBP) ((135±11) vs. (131±11) mmHg), nighttime SBP ((128±11) vs. (123±10) mmHg), cholesterol level ((4.0±0.7) vs. (3.9±0.7) mmol/L), serum uric acid level ((447±81) vs. (426±91) μmol/L) and incidence of hyperinsulinemia (69.9% (86/123) vs.59.0% (181/307)) were significantly elevated in the LVH group compared with those in the normal geometry group (all P<0.05). There were more patients with a disease course over 5 years in the LVH group than in the normal geometry group, with a statistically significant difference (χ2=8.90,P=0.031). Spearman correlation analysis showed that BMI, 24 h SBP, daytime SBP, nighttime SBP, triglyceride, uric acid, and serum sodium level were positively correlated with LVMI (r=0.43, 0.20, 0.18, 0.18, 0.18, 0.16, and 0.12, all P<0.05). BMI, hyperinsulinemia, and cholesterol level were positively correlated with relative wall thickness (RWT) (r=0.22, 0.12, and 0.16, all P<0.05). The multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that BMI (OR=1.17, 95%CI 1.10-1.25) and 24 h SBP (OR=1.04, 95%CI 1.01-1.08) were the independent risk factors for LVH (both P<0.05). The area under the receiver operator characteristic curve, combined with BMI and 24 h SBP, was 0.72 (95%CI 0.67-0.77, P<0.05), with a sensitivity and specificity of 71.5% and 64.8%, respectively. Conclusions: BMI and 24 h SBP are the independent risk factors for LVH in children with primary hypertension, and the combination of BMI and 24 h SBP has an acceptable diagnostic value for LVH. Early monitoring of these indexes is necessary to predict preclinical cardiac damage.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Child , Adolescent , Hypertension/diagnosis , Hypertrophy, Left Ventricular/etiology , Uric Acid , Blood Pressure Monitoring, Ambulatory , Retrospective Studies , Blood Pressure/physiology , Risk Factors , Essential Hypertension , Hyperinsulinism , Cholesterol
3.
International Journal of Pediatrics ; (6): 73-76, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989039

ABSTRACT

In recent years, exercise testing has been increasingly used in pediatrics, especially in pediatric cardiovascular diseases.Its ability to monitor heart rate, blood pressure, electrocardiogram, oxygen saturation, and expiratory gas analysis is of great clinical value.In pediatric cardiovascular diseases, exercise testing can further evaluate arrhythmias, facilitate the differential diagnosis of syncope, and detect early myocardial perfusion defects in children with cardiomyopathy and Kawasaki disease; in addition, expiratory gas analysis of exercise testing can assess cardiorespiratory fitness in children and the operative results of congenital heart disease, etc.This article reviews the use of exercise testing in children with arrhythmias, cardiomyopathy, congenital heart disease, and Kawasaki disease.

4.
Biomedical and Environmental Sciences ; (12): 527-536, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981083

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#This study assesses the impact of smoke-free legislation on the incidence rate for acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and stroke in Shenzhen.@*METHODS@#Data on ischemic ( n = 72,945) and hemorrhagic ( n = 18,659) stroke and AMI ( n = 17,431) incidence covering about 12 million people in Shenzhen from 2012 to 2016 were used. Immediate and gradual changes in incidence rates were analyzed using segmented Poisson regression.@*RESULTS@#Following the smoke-free legislation, a 9% (95% CI: 3%-15%) immediate reduction was observed in AMI incidence, especially in men (8%, 95% CI: 1%-14%) and in those aged 65 years and older (17%, 95% CI: 9%-25%). The gradual annual benefits were observed only in hemorrhagic and ischemic stroke incidence, with a 7% (95% CI: 2%-11%) and 6% (95% CI: 4%-8%) decrease per year, respectively. This health effect extended gradually to the 50-64 age group. In addition, neither the immediate nor gradual decrease in stroke and AMI incidence rates did not show statistical significance among the 35-49 age group ( P > 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Smoke-free legislation was enforced well in Shenzhen, which would generate good experiences for other cities to enact and enforce smoke-free laws. This study also provided more evidence of the health benefits of smoke-free laws on stroke and AMI.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Middle Aged , Adult , Incidence , Interrupted Time Series Analysis , Stroke/etiology , Myocardial Infarction/etiology , China/epidemiology , Tobacco Smoke Pollution
5.
Cancer Research on Prevention and Treatment ; (12): 573-580, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986233

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the biological role of LINC01614 in non-small cell lung cancer A549 cells and its drug resistance-related mechanism. Methods The CRISPR/Cas9 technology was used to construct the A549 cell model with knockdown of LINC01614. Transcriptome sequencing was performed on A549 cells knocked down with LINC01614. We validated the transcriptomic differential genes MCAM and ABCC3 at the gene level and MCAM at the protein level, detected the IC50 changes of A549 cells after knockdown of LINC01614 under the effect of different concentrations of cisplatin, and detected the effect of knockdown of LINC01614 on the migration ability of A549 cells. Results Of the 2 713 DEGs after knockdown of LINC01614, a total of 1 626 genes were up-regulated and 1, 087 genes were down-regulated. GO analysis showed that DEGs were associated with intracellular signaling, cell adhesion, and so on. Meanwhile, the KEGG analysis showed that DEGs were associated with the Wnt signaling pathway, TGF-β signaling pathway, and Rap1 signaling pathway. Selection of drug resistance-associated gene ABCC3 from DEGs for validation with MCAM: qRT-PCR results showed that knockdown of LINC01614 significantly down-regulated the expression of MCAM (P<0.05) and upregulated the expression of ABCC3 on A549 cells (P<0.05). After knockdown of LINC01614, the protein expression of MCAM, was significantly decreased in A549 cells (P<0.05); the IC50 of A549 cells to cisplatin was significantly increased (P<0.05); and the scratch healing rate of A549 cells was also significantly decreased (P<0.05). Conclusion LINC01614 may be associated with the proliferation, invasion, and apoptotic pathways of A549 cells. In addition, LINC01614 may exert its migration ability through MCAM and chemoresistance to cisplatin through ABCC3.

6.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 992-998, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009954

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To detect the gene mutations in patients with myeloid malignancies by high-throughput sequencing and explore the correlation between gene mutations and prognosis.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed on 56 patients with myeloid malignancies who were hospitalized in the department of hematology, Peking University International Hospital from January 2020 to May 2021. The genetic mutations of the patients were detected by next-generation sequencing technology, and the correlation between the genetic mutations and prognosis of myeloid malignancies was analyzed.@*RESULTS@#In 56 patients, the number of mutated genes detected in a single patient is 0-9, with a median of 3. Sequencing results showed that the most common mutated genes were RUNX1(21.4%), TET2(17.9%), DNMT3A(17.9%), TP53(14.3%) and ASXL1(14.3%), among which the most common mutations occurred in the signaling pathway-related genes (23.3%) and the transcription factor genes (18.3%). 84% of the patients carried multiple mutated genes (≥2), and correlation analysis showed there were obvious co-occurring mutations between WT1 and FLT3, NPM1 and FLT3-ITD, and MYC and FLT3. TP53 mutation was more common in MDS patients.The overall survival time of patients with NRAS mutation was significantly shortened (P =0.049). The prognosis of patients with TP53 mutation was poor compared with those without TP53 mutation, but the difference wasn't statistically significant (P =0.08).@*CONCLUSION@#The application of next-generation sequencing technology is of great significance in myeloid malignancies, which is helpful to better understand the pathogenesis of the disease, to judge the prognosis and to find possible therapeutic targets.


Subject(s)
Humans , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/genetics , Nucleophosmin , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing , Myeloproliferative Disorders , Mutation
7.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 1080-1084, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009189

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study and analyze the diagnostic value and interventional treatment value of high-frequency ultrasound for elbow cyst.@*METHODS@#From February 2018 to February 2021, the data of 60 patients with elbow cyst treated by high-frequency ultrasound interventional therapy were retrospectively analyzed, including 30 males and 30 females with an average age of (30.93±5.32) years old ranging from 20 to 54 years old. The course of disease ranged from 1 to 10 years with an average of (3.45±0.25) years. High-frequency ultrasound features of all patients were analyzed. The clinical efficacy, the occurrence of adverse events and the changes of psychological status before and after treatment were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#In 60 cases of elbow cyst, the cyst size was from 6 mm×7 mm to 111 mm×60 mm. The characteristics of ultrasonic images included such as most of the morphology was regular, which was round or oval, and a few were irregular;the boundary was clear, there was a capsule wall, most of the inside of the capsule was good, no echo;when accompanied by bleeding or infection, small dense points can be seen floating;the cystic wall of the patients with long course of disease was coarser, and the internal light bands were separated, showing multilocular shape;no significant blood flow signal was observed. Final results involved olecranon bursa cysts in 19 cases, annular ligament cysts in 10 cases, radial bursa cysts in 9 cases, accessory ligament cysts in 7 cases, epidermoid cysts in 4 cases, ganglion cysts in 6 cases, nerve sheath cysts in 5 cases. After treatment, 33 cases were cured, 16 cases had obvious effect, 11 cases were improved, 0 cases were invalid. After treatment, mild adverse events occurred in 1 case, moderate adverse events in 1 case, and severe adverse events in 0 cases, with a total incidence of 3.33% (2/60). After treatment, positive affect score (38.04±1.74) was higher than that before treatment (35.92±2.34), and negative affect score (24.61±1.51) was lower than that before treatment (30.15±3.46), with statistical significance(P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#High-frequency ultrasound has high diagnostic value for elbow cyst, and it has ideal effect in interventional therapy.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Adult , Young Adult , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Elbow , Cysts , Ultrasonography , Treatment Outcome
8.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 969-974, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009170

ABSTRACT

There are still many unresolved problems in the treatment and prognosis of nondisplaced femoral neck fractures, such as nonunion and avascular necrosis of the caput femoris .In order to reduce the risk of various complications after non-displaced femoral neck fractures, the caput femoris posterior tilt of femoral neck fractures and its impact on prognosis have attracted more and more attention. A large number of scholars' studies have found that when the posterior tilt exceeds 20°, the risk of internal fixation failure increases significantly. Based on this concept, we can choose to use primary artificial joint replacement instead of three-screw internal fixation according to the different posterior tilt angles of patients to reduce the incidence of postoperative complications. At the same time, our analysis found that comminution of the posterior segment of the femoral neck would lead to an increase in the posterior inclination angles. The purpose of this review was to investigate the relationship between caput femoris posterior tilt of femoral neck fractures and surgical outcome, and to introduce a new method for measuring caput femoris posterior tilt of the femoral neck.


Subject(s)
Humans , Prognosis , Postoperative Complications/epidemiology , Femoral Neck Fractures/complications , Femur Neck , Reoperation , Fracture Fixation, Internal/methods , Retrospective Studies
9.
Biomedical and Environmental Sciences ; (12): 850-861, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007858

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#No consensus exists on the relative risk ( RR) of lung cancer (LC) attributable to active smoking in China. This study aimed to evaluate the unified RR of LC attributable to active smoking among the Chinese population.@*METHODS@#A systematic literature search of seven databases was conducted to identify studies reporting active smoking among smokers versus nonsmokers in China. Primary articles on LC providing risk estimates with their 95% confidence intervals ( CIs) for "ever" "former" or "current" smokers from China were selected. Meta-analysis was used to estimate the pooled RR of active smoking.@*RESULTS@#Forty-four unique studies were included. Compared with that of nonsmokers, the pooled RR (95% CI) for "ever" "former" and "current" smokers were 3.26 (2.79-3.82), 2.95 (1.71-5.08), and 5.16 (2.58-10.34) among men, 3.18 (2.78-3.63), 2.70 (2.08-3.51), and 4.27 (3.61-5.06) among women, and 2.71 (2.12-3.46), 2.66 (2.45-2.88), and 4.21 (3.25-5.45) in both sexes combined, respectively.@*CONCLUSION@#The RR of LC has remained relatively stable (range, 2-6) over the past four decades in China. Early quitting of smoking could reduce the RR to some extent; however, completely refraining from smoking is the best way to avoid its adverse effects.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Female , Smoking/epidemiology , Smoking Cessation , Smokers , Risk , Lung Neoplasms/etiology , Risk Factors
10.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1054-1065, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970577

ABSTRACT

This study aims to examine the effect of superfine powder and aqueous extract of Polygonati Rhizomaon on natural perimenopausal syndrome in rats and explore the underlying mechanism. To be specific, a total of 60 female SD rats(14-15 months old) with estrous cycle disorder were screened by the vaginal smear and randomized into model control group, β-estradiol 3-benzoate group(0.1 mg·kg~(-1)), superfine powder of Polygonati Rhizoma group(0.25, 0.5 g·kg~(-1)) and aqueous extract of Polygonati Rhizoma group(0.25, 0.5 g·kg~(-1)), and another 10 female SD rats(14-15 months old) were selected as the youth control group. The administration lasted 6 weeks. Then the perimenopausal syndrome-related indexes such as body temperature, microcirculatory blood flow of face and ear, vertigo period, salivary secretion, grip force, and bone strength were determined and open field test was conducted. The immune system-related indexes such as the wet weight and index of thymus and spleen, percentage of T lymphocytes and subgroups in peripheral blood, and hematological indexes were measured. In addition, the ovary-related indexes such as estrous cycle, the wet weight and index of uterus and ovary, ovarian tissue morphology, and cell apoptosis were determined. Moreover, hypothalamus-pituitary-ovary axis(HPO)-related indexes such as serum sex hormone levels, cytochrome P450 family 11 subfamily A member 1(CYP11A1), cytochrome P450 family 19 subfamily A member 1(CYP19A1), and cytochrome P450 family 17 subfamily A member 1(P450 17A1) in ovarian tissue were measured. The results showed that the superfine powder and aqueous extract of Polygonati Rhizoma significantly decreased body temperature(anal, facial and dorsal temperature), microcirculatory blood flow in the ear, and vertigo period, increased salivary secretion, grip force, bone strength, total distance and total speed in the open field test, wet weight and index of thymus and spleen, lymphocyte ratio, CD3~+ level, and CD4~+/CD8~+ ratio, reduced neutrophil number and ratio, estrous cycle disorder ratio, and number of ovarian apoptotic cells, raised wet weight and index of uterus, wet weight of ovary, levels of inhibin B(INHB), estradiol(E_2), anti-müllerian hormone(AMH), and ovarian CYP11A1 and CYP19A1, decreased follicle-stimulating hormone(FSH) and luteinizing hormone(LH) content, and improved ovarian tissue morphology. It is suggested that the superfine powder and aqueous extract of Polygonati Rhizoma can improve the symptoms associated with natural perimenopausal syndrome in rats and enhance ovarian function and immune function. The mechanism is that they regulate HPO axis function by increasing estrogen synthesis.


Subject(s)
Female , Animals , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Microcirculation , Cholesterol Side-Chain Cleavage Enzyme , Perimenopause , Powders , Cytochrome P-450 CYP1A1
11.
Biomedical and Environmental Sciences ; (12): 24-37, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970288

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the association between exposure to second-hand smoke (SHS) and 23 diseases, categorized into four classifications, among the Chinese population.@*METHODS@#We searched the literature up to June 30, 2021, and eligible studies were identified according to the PECOS format: Participants and Competitors (Chinese population), Exposure (SHS), Outcomes (Disease or Death), and Study design (Case-control or Cohort).@*RESULTS@#In total, 53 studies were selected. The odds ratio (OR) for all types of cancer was 1.79 (1.56-2.05), and for individual cancers was 1.92 (1.42-2.59) for lung cancer, 1.57 (1.40-1.76) for breast cancer, 1.52 (1.12-2.05) for bladder cancer, and 1.37 (1.08-1.73) for liver cancer. The OR for circulatory system diseases was 1.92 (1.29-2.85), with a value of 2.29 (1.26-4.159) for stroke. The OR of respiratory system diseases was 1.76 (1.13-2.74), with a value of 1.82 (1.07-3.11) for childhood asthma. The original ORs were also shown for other diseases. Subgroup analyses were performed for lung and breast cancer. The ORs varied according to time period and were significant during exposure in the household; For lung cancer, the OR was significant in women.@*CONCLUSION@#The effect of SHS exposure in China was similar to that in Western countries, but its definition and characterization require further clarification. Studies on the association between SHS exposure and certain diseases with high incidence rates are insufficient.


Subject(s)
Child , Female , Humans , Asthma/epidemiology , Breast Neoplasms , East Asian People , Lung Neoplasms/etiology , Tobacco Smoke Pollution/adverse effects , China
12.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 131-135, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970251

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the clinical characteristics and risk factors of malignant vasovagal syncope (VVS) in children. Methods: This was a case-control study. The data of 368 VVS patients who were treated in the Department of Cardiology, Children's Hospital, Capital Institute of Pediatrics from June 2017 to December 2021 was collected and analyzed. They were divided into malignant VVS group and non-malignant VVS group according to the presence of sinus arrest, and then their demographic characteristics were compared. The children with malignant VVS and complete clinical information were recruited into the case group and were matched by age and sex (1∶4 ratio) with non-malignant VVS patients during the same period.Their clinical characteristics and lab tests were compared. Independent sample t test, Mann Whitney U or χ2 test was used for comparison between groups.Logistic regression was used to analyze the risk factors for malignant VVS in children. Results: Eleven malignant VVS and 342 non-malignant VVS met the inclusion and exclusion critera. Eleven malignant VVS and 44 non-malignant children were recruited in the case-control study. Ten patients of the 11 malignant VVS had a cardiac arrest occurring at 35 (28, 35) minutes of the head-up tilt test, and the duration of sinus arrest was (9±5) s. One patient had syncope occurring while waiting for drawing blood, and the duration of sinus arrest was 3.4 s. The children with malignant vasovagal syncope were younger than non-malignant VVS patients (9 (7, 10) vs. 12 (10, 14) years old, P<0.05), and had higher mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration (MCHC) and standard deviation of the mean cardiac cycle over 5-minute period within 24 hours ((347±9) vs. (340±8) g/L, (124±9) vs. (113±28) ms, both P<0.05). Logistic regression analysis showed that MCHC was an independent risk factor for malignant VVS in pediatric patients (OR=1.13, 95%CI 1.02-1.26, P=0.024). Conclusions: The onset age of malignant VVS was younger, with no other special clinical manifestations. MCHC was an independent risk factor for malignant VVS.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Adolescent , Syncope, Vasovagal/etiology , Case-Control Studies , Syncope , Risk Factors
13.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 117-128, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969814

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the expression of programmed death protein-ligand 1 (PD-L1) in liver cancer stem-like cells (LCSLC) and its effect on the characteristics of tumor stem cells and tumor biological function, to explore the upstream signaling pathway regulating PD-L1 expression in LCSLC and the downstream molecular mechanism of PD-L1 regulating stem cell characteristics, also tumor biological functions. Methods: HepG2 was cultured by sphere-formating method to obtain LCSLC. The expressions of CD133 and other stemness markers were detected by flow cytometry, western blot and real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) were used to detect the expressions of stemness markers and PD-L1. The biological functions of the LCSLC were tested by cell function assays, to confirm that the LCSLC has the characteristics of tumor stem cells. LCSLC was treated with cell signaling pathway inhibitors to identify relevant upstream signaling pathways mediating PD-L1 expression changes. The expression of PD-L1 in LCSLC was down regulated by small interfering RNA (siRNA), the expression of stem cell markers, tumor biological functions of LCSLC, and the changes of cell signaling pathways were detected. Results: Compared with HepG2 cells, the expression rate of CD133 in LCSLC was upregulated [(92.78±6.91)% and (1.40±1.77)%, P<0.001], the expressions of CD133, Nanog, Oct4A and Snail in LCSLC were also higher than those in HepG2 cells (P<0.05), the number of sphere-formating cells increased on day 7 [(395.30±54.05) and (124.70±19.30), P=0.001], cell migration rate increased [(35.41±6.78)% and (10.89±4.34)%, P=0.006], the number of transmembrane cells increased [(75.77±10.85) and (20.00±7.94), P=0.002], the number of cloned cells increased [(120.00±29.51) and (62.67±16.77), P=0.043]. Cell cycle experiments showed that LCSLC had significantly more cells in the G(0)/G(1) phase than those in HepG2 [(54.89±3.27) and (32.36±1.50), P<0.001]. The tumor formation experiment of mice showed that the weight of transplanted tumor in LCSLC group was (1.32±0.17)g, the volume is (1 779.0±200.2) mm(3), were higher than those of HepG2 cell [(0.31±0.06)g and (645.6±154.9)mm(3), P<0.001]. The expression level of PD-L1 protein in LCSLC was 1.88±0.52 and mRNA expression level was 2.53±0.62, both of which were higher than those of HepG2 cells (P<0.05). The expression levels of phosphorylation signal transduction and transcription activation factor 3 (p-STAT3) and p-Akt in LCSLC were higher than those in HepG2 cells (P<0.05). After the expression of p-STAT3 and p-Akt was down-regulated by inhibitor treatment, the expression of PD-L1 was also down-regulated (P<0.05). In contrast, the expression level of phosphorylated extracellular signal-regulated protein kinase 1/2 (p-ERK1/2) in LCSLC was lower than that in HepG2 cells (P<0.01), there was no significant change in PD-L1 expression after down-regulated by inhibitor treatment (P>0.05). After the expression of PD-L1 was knockdown by siRNA, the expressions of CD133, Nanog, Oct4A and Snail in LCSLC were decreased compared with those of siRNA-negative control (NC) group (P<0.05). The number of sphere-formating cells decreased [(45.33±12.01) and (282.00±29.21), P<0.001], the cell migration rate was lower than that in siRNA-NC group [(20.86±2.74)% and (46.73±15.43)%, P=0.046], the number of transmembrane cells decreased [(39.67±1.53) and (102.70±11.59), P=0.001], the number of cloned cells decreased [(57.67±14.57) and (120.70±15.04), P=0.007], the number of cells in G(0)/G(1) phase decreased [(37.68±2.51) and (57.27±0.92), P<0.001], the number of cells in S phase was more than that in siRNA-NC group [(30.78±0.52) and (15.52±0.83), P<0.001]. Tumor formation in mice showed that the tumor weight of shRNA-PD-L1 group was (0.47±0.12)g, the volume is (761.3±221.4)mm(3), were lower than those of shRNA-NC group [(1.57±0.45)g and (1 829.0±218.3)mm(3), P<0.001]. Meanwhile, the expression levels of p-STAT3 and p-Akt in siRNA-PD-L1 group were decreased (P<0.05), while the expression levels of p-ERK1/2 and β-catenin did not change significantly (P>0.05). Conclusion: Elevated PD-L1 expression in CD133(+) LCSLC is crucial to maintain stemness and promotes the tumor biological function of LCSLC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Mice , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt/metabolism , B7-H1 Antigen/metabolism , Ligands , Liver Neoplasms/pathology , RNA, Small Interfering/metabolism , Neoplastic Stem Cells/physiology , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation
14.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 579-584, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928646

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To study the distribution characteristics of methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) C677T gene polymorphism in children with primary hypertension, and to explore the association between MTHFR C677T gene polymorphism and H-type hypertension in children.@*METHODS@#A total of 121 children with primary hypertension who were hospitalized in the department of cardiovascular medicine from January to July 2021, newly diagnosed, and untreated were retrospectively selected as the subjects. The children were divided into three groups: CC genotype (19 children), CT genotype (51 children), and TT genotype (51 children). According to the serum homocysteine (Hcy) level, they were divided two groups: H-type hypertension (47 children) and simple hypertension (74 children). The medical data were compared between the groups. The association between MTHFR C677T gene polymorphism and H-type hypertension was evaluated.@*RESULTS@#The mutation frequency of T allele in children with primary hypertension was significantly higher than that in healthy adults in Beijing and Chinese Han adults (P<0.001). The serum Hcy level in the TT genotype group was significantly higher than that in the CC and CT genotype groups (P<0.001). The serum Hcy level in the H-type hypertension group was significantly higher than that in the simple hypertension group (P<0.001), and MTHFR C677T was mostly TT genotype, which was associated with the risk of H-type hypertension (OR=12.71, P<0.001). There was no significant difference in the incidence rate of target organ damage between the H-type hypertension and simple hypertension groups (P>0.05). However, multiple organ involvement was observed in the H-type hypertension group at diagnosis, accounting for 11% (5/47).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The mutation rate of MTHFR C677T T allele in children with primary hypertension is high and associated with the serum Hcy level. TT genotype is an independent risk factor for H-type hypertension in children, and it may be related to the severity of early target organ damage.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Alleles , Genotype , Hypertension/genetics , Methylenetetrahydrofolate Reductase (NADPH2)/genetics , Polymorphism, Genetic , Retrospective Studies
15.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 334-340, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935217

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the effect and mechanism of Casticin (CAS) on the proliferation, migration and invasion of bladder cancer T24 cells. Methods: T24 cells were cultured in vitro and divided into control group, 5, 10, 20 μmol/L CAS groups, si-NC group, si-TM7SF4 group, CAS+ pcDNA group and CAS+ pcDNA-TM7SF4 group. Cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) was used to detect cell proliferation; Transwell was used to detect cell migration and invasion; western blot was used to detect the protein expressions of cyclin D1, p21, MMP-2, MMP-9 and TM7SF4, and real-time quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) was used to detect the expression of TM7SF4 mRNA. Results: The inhibition rates of T24 cells in the 5, 10, 20 μmol/L CAS groups were (17.68±1.41)%, (33.54±3.16)% and (61.44±5.50)%, respectively, higher than (0.00±0.00)% of the control group (P<0.001), but the numbers of migration and invasion were 72.83±5.66, 59.13±4.27, 41.25±3.22 and 55.83±5.15, 42.19±3.06, 31.13±3.22, respectively, lower than 86.11±5.16 and 68.82±5.29 of the control group (P<0.001). The protein expression levels of cyclin D1, MMP-2, MMP-9, TM7SF4 and the expression levels of TM7SF4 mRNA in the 5, 10, and 20 μmol/L CAS groups were lower than the control group (P<0.001). However, the protein expression levels of p21 were 0.37±0.03, 0.51±0.04, and 0.66±0.06, respectively, higher than 0.25±0.03 in the control group (P<0.001). The inhibition rate of T24 cells in the si-TM7SF4 group was (50.35±4.67)%, higher than (6.31±0.58)% in the si-NC group (P<0.001), but the numbers of migration and invasion were 53.51±4.18 and 42.92±3.81, lower than 85.26±4.99 and 67.93±4.64 of the si-NC group (P<0.001). The protein expression levels of TM7SF4, CyclinD1, MMP-2, MMP-9 in the si-TM7SF4 group were lower than the si-NC group (P<0.001). However, the protein expression level of p21 in the si-TM7SF4 group was higher than the si-NC group (P<0.001). The inhibitory rate of T24 cells in the CAS+ pcDNA-TM7SF4 group was (21.45±2.46)%, lower than (64.06±4.49)% of the CAS+ pcDNA group (P<0.001), but the number of migration and invasion in the CAS+ pcDNA-TM7SF4 group were 75.66±6.57 and 59.35±5.40, higher than 40.43±3.85 and 30.25±3.32 in the CAS+ pcDNA group (P<0.001). The protein expression levels of TM7SF4, CyclinD1, MMP-2 and MMP-9 in the CAS+ pcDNA-TM7SF4 group were higher than the CAS+ pcDNA group (P<0.001), but the protein expression level of p21 was lower than the CAS+ pcDNA group (P<0.001). Conclusion: CAS may suppress the proliferation, migration and invasion of bladder cancer T24 cells by inhibiting the expression of TM7SF4.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Movement , Cell Proliferation , Cyclin D1 , Flavonoids , Matrix Metalloproteinase 2/genetics , Matrix Metalloproteinase 9/genetics , MicroRNAs/genetics , RNA, Messenger , Urinary Bladder Neoplasms/genetics
16.
International Journal of Pediatrics ; (6): 361-364, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-954037

ABSTRACT

The cardiovascular diseases, which have the increasing incidence and high mortality rate, have brought a great impact on people′s lives and health.Being lipid inclusions with 30~150 nm in diameter, exosomes can be secreted by most cells in the body, and proteins, lipids, nucleic acids and other substances derived from those cells are wrapped inside.Exosomes play a variety of biological roles in the communication between cells, such as mediating immune response, inflammatory response, cell migration and differentiation.Research on exosomes has made significant progress, and the roles of exosomes in cardiovascular diseases have consequently attracted more and more attention in recent years.The communication of exosomes between cardiomyocytes and between heart and peripheral tissues has provided new strategies for the diagnosis and treatment of cardiovascular diseases.Application of exosomes in the diagnosis and treatment of cardiovascular diseases such as heart failure, viral myocarditis, Kawasaki disease and dilated cardiomyopathy is summarized in this review.

17.
Chinese Journal of Postgraduates of Medicine ; (36): 545-548, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931204

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the effect of sacubitril valsartan sodium tablets on serum tenascin-C (TN-C) level and myocardial remodeling in patients of chronic left heart failure (CHF) complicated with renal failure.Methods:A total of 84 patients with chronic left heart failure complicated with renal failure admitted to Qinhuangdao Jungong Hospital from October 2020 to October 2021 were included and divided into the observation group (treated with sacubitril valsartan sodium tablets) and the control group (treated with valsartan), with 42 cases in each group according to the random number table method. The clinical efficacy of the two groups was compared after 3 months of treatment. The TN-C level and cardiac function index left ventricular end-diastolic diameter (LVEDD), left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), troponin T (cTnT) and other index before the treatment and after 3 months of treatment were compared between the two groups.Results:After 3 months of treatment, the total effective rate between the two groups had no significant difference ( P>0.05). After 3 months of treatment, the TN-C level in the observation group was lower than that in the control group: (32.42 ± 4.22) μg/L vs. (37.32 ± 4.86) μg/L; and the LVEF in the observation group was higher than that in the control group: (41.21 ± 5.39)% vs. (37.76 ± 5.45)%, the differences were statistically significant ( P<0.05). The LVEDD and cTnT in the two groups had no significant differences ( P>0.05). After 3 months of treatment, neuroendocrine factors norepinephrine, aldosterone, angiotensin Ⅱlevels in the in the observation group were lower than those in the control group: (1 668.60 ± 251.19) pmol/L vs. (2 005.86 ± 280.91) pmol/L, (246.97 ± 13.99) ng/L vs. (275.41 ± 19.38) ng/L, (99.68 ± 8.57) ng/L vs. (112.20 ± 9.52) ng/L, the differences were statistically significant ( P<0.05). Conclusions:Sacubitril valsartan sodium tablets have a good effect in the treatment of CHF complicated with renal failure, which can improve the cardiac function and inhibit the over-activation of neuroendocrine hormones.

18.
Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 516-520, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930467

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the changes of plasma prolactin (PRL) and cortisol (Cor) in the head up tilt test (HUT) in children with vasovagal syncope (VVS), and their correlation with VVS.Methods:From May 2019 to May 2020, 75 children diagnosed as VVS through positive HUT in the Children′s Hospital, Capital Institute of Pediatrics were retrospectively recruited as VVS group, while 29 healthy children with negative HUT during the same period were collected in healthy control group.Heart rate (HR) and blood pressure [systolic and diastolic blood pressure (SBP, DBP)] were monitored using a noninvasive continuous blood pressure monitor.The changes of HR, SBP and DBP were analyzed and their differences between the supine position and positive reaction of HUT were compared.The contents of PRL and Cor in the supine position and positive reaction of HUT were measured using the electrochemiluminescence, and their changes (ΔPRL and ΔCor) were calculated.Differences between groups were analyzed by the two-tailed Student′s t-test or the Mann- Whitney test.Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were plotted to analyze the predictive value of ΔPRL on VVS. Results:There were no significant differences in the age, gender, body mass index, blood electrolyte, syncope frequency and syncope course between VVS group and healthy control group (all P>0.05). There was no significant difference in syncope frequency and course of syncope among subtypes of VVS group (vasodepressor syncope, mixed syncope, cardioinhibitory syncope)(all P>0.05). Compared with healthy control group, PRL after HUT was significantly higher in VVS group[36.23 (22.08, 61.97) μg/L vs.11.47 (8.00, 23.25 ) μg/L, Z=-5.40, P<0.01]. Both ΔPRL [25.36( 9.92, 48.93) μg/L vs.-0.10(- 2.67, 9.32) μg/L, Z=-5.39, P<0.01] and ΔCor [(84.4±43.6) μg/L vs.(57.6±64.6) μg/L, t=-2.44, P<0.05 ] were significantly higher in VVS group than those of healthy control group.PRL at HUT positive reaction was negatively correlated with SBP and DBP ( r=- 0.46, -0.45, all P<0.01). In VVS group, PRL at HUT positive reaction was negatively correlated with SBP ( r=-0.38, -0.24, all P<0.05). In VVS group, ΔCor after HUT was negatively correlated with SBP ( r=-0.25, P<0.05). ROC curves revealed that the cut-off value of ΔPRL in predicting HUT was 4.03 μg/L, with the sensitivity of 89.3% and specificity of 72.4%. Conclusions:Plasma PRL and Cor increase during syncope in VVS children, and plasma PRL is correlated with blood pressure drop.The increased plasma level of PRL in VVS children with positive HUT is correlated with blood pressure, and ΔCor is correlated with SBP.Plasma PRL and Cor may be involved in the pathogenesis of VVS and ΔPRL presents the diagnostic potential of VVS in children.

19.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 52-59, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928928

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the protective effects of modified Linggui Zhugan Decoction (, MLZD), a traditional Chinese medicine formula, on obese type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) rats.@*METHODS@#Fifty Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into 5 groups by a random number table, including normal, obese T2DM (ob-T2DM), MLZD low-dose [MLDZ-L, 4.625 g/(kg·d)], MLZD middle-dose [MLD-M, 9.25 g/(kg·d) ] and MLZD high-dose [MLD-H, 18.5 g/(kg·d)] groups, 10 rats in each group. After 4-week intervention, blood samples and liver, pancreas, muscle tissues were collected to assess the insulin resistance (IR), blood lipid, adipokines and inflammation cytokines. The alteration of phosphatidylinositol 3 kinase (PI3K)-protein kinase B (PKB or Akt)/the mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR)-ribosome protein subunit 6 kinase 1 (S6K1 )/AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK)-peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma coactivator 1 alpha (PGC-1 α) pathways were also studied.@*RESULTS@#MLZD dose-dependently reduced fasting blood glucose, fasting insulin, homeostasis model of assessment for IR index and increased insulin sensitive index compared with ob-T2DM rats (P<0.05). Similarly, total cholesterol, triglyceride, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol and free fatty acids were also decreased compared with ob-T2DM rats after 4-week treatment (P<0.05 or P<0.01). Improvements in adipokines and inflammatory cytokines were observed with a raised level of adiponectin and a reduced level of leptin, resistin, tumor necrosis factor-α and interleukin-6 (P<0.05 or P<0.01). MLZD regulated the PI3K-Akt/mTOR-S6K1/AMPK-PGC-1 α pathways and restored the tissue structure of liver and pancreas (P<0.05 or P<0.01).@*CONCLUSIONS@#MLZD ameliorated glycolipid metabolism and inflammation, which may be attributed to the regulation of PI3K-Akt/mTOR-S6K1/AMPK-PGC-1 α pathways.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , AMP-Activated Protein Kinases/metabolism , Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/drug therapy , Glycolipids , Inflammation , Obesity/drug therapy , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases/metabolism , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt/metabolism , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Signal Transduction , TOR Serine-Threonine Kinases/metabolism
20.
Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 995-998, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907887

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize characteristics and rules of blood pressure variability (BPV) in children with H-type hypertension, in an attempt to explore some basis for further selection of the time points of treatment.Methods:A total of 117 children diagnosed as essential hypertension in Children′s Hospital Affiliated to Capital Institute of Pediatrics from March 2018 to September 2019 were selected as the research objective.According to the serum level of homocysteine (Hcy), those children were divided into the simple essential hypertension group (74 cases, Hcy≤13.9 μmol/L) and the H-type hypertension group (43 cases, Hcy>13.9 μmol/L). All children received 24 h ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (24 h ABPM), and BPV indexes were recorded and subject to group comparison.Meanwhile, the serum Hcy level was monitored.Besides, the demographic data and such blood biochemical indexes as blood glucose, blood fat and renal function were recorded or measured for an analysis of the correlation between BPV and each index.Results:There were no significant differences in gender, age, body mass index (BMI) and biochemical indexes between the simple essential hypertension group and the H-type hypertension group (all P>0.05). Compared with the simple essential hypertension group, the H-type hypertension group had a significantly higher 24 h systolic blood pressure standard deviation [24 h SSD, (11.21±3.23) mmHg vs.(9.64±2.73) mmHg, 1 mmHg=0.133 kPa, t=-2.806, P<0.05], nighttime systolic blood pressure standard deviation [nSSD, (10.79±3.89) mmHg vs.(9.26±3.23) mmHg, t=-2.292, P<0.05], and nighttime diastolic blood pressure standard deviation [nDSD, (10.23±3.53) mmHg vs.(8.73±2.93) mmHg, t=-2.617, P<0.05]. Pearson correlation analysis showed that the serum Hcy level was significantly positively correlated with 24 h, SSD, nSSD and nDSD ( r=0.194, 0.183, 0.182, all P<0.05). Conclusions:24 h SSD in children with H-type hypertension is significantly higher, with an obvious increase in both nSSD and nDSD, and the serum Hcy level was significantly positively correlated with BPV, which suggested that it was required to effectively control the serum Hcy level, reduce the range of blood pressure fluctuation and select the optimal time points of treatment, thus delaying the progress of hypertension.

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