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1.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 581-599, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929274

ABSTRACT

Novel therapies are urgently needed to improve global treatment of SARS-CoV-2 infection. Herein, we briefly provide a concise report on the medicinal chemistry strategies towards the development of effective SARS-CoV-2 inhibitors with representative examples in different strategies from the medicinal chemistry perspective.

2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929237

ABSTRACT

Chemical investigation of the culture extract of an endophytic Penicillium citrinum from Dendrobium officinale, afforded nine citrinin derivatives (1-9) and one peptide-polyketide hybrid GKK1032B (10). The structures of these compounds were determined by spectroscopic methods. The absolute configurations of 1 and 2 were determined for the first time by calculation of electronic circular dichroism (ECD) data. Among them, GKK1032B (10) showed significant cytotoxicity against human osteosarcoma cell line MG63 with an IC50 value of 3.49 μmol·L-1, and a primary mechanistic study revealed that it induced the apoptosis of MG63 cellsvia caspase pathway activation.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Bone Neoplasms , Caspases , Humans , Osteosarcoma/drug therapy , Penicillium
3.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 224-229, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935931

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the effect of berberine on programmed necrosis of hepatocytes induced by metabolic-associated fatty liver disease (MAFLD) in mice and its related molecular mechanism. Methods: Twenty male C57BL/6N mice were randomly divided into four groups (n=5 in each group): control group (S), fatty liver group (H), berberine group(B), nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 inhibitor group (Nrf2), and all-trans-retinoic acid (ATRA) group (A). Serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), triglycerides (TG), total cholesterol (TC), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin-1β (IL-1β) concentrations were detected at the end of week 12 to calculate fatty liver index (liver mass/body mass ratio). Liver tissue was stained with HE, Masson and Oil Red O, and SAF score was used to evaluate the degree of liver injury. The expression levels of hepatic programmed necrosis-related proteins, namely receptor-interacting protein kinase 3 (RIPK3), phosphorylated mixed series protease-like domain (p-MLKL) and Nrf2 were detected by Western blot method. One-way ANOVA was used for intragroup comparisons and LSD-t tests were used for intergroup comparisons. Results: Compared with S group, H group serum ALT, AST, LDH, TG, TC, TNF-α, IL-1β levels and fatty liver index were significantly increased. The liver tissue was filled with vacuolar-like changes and inflammatory cell infiltration. Numerous red lipid droplets were observed with oil red O staining. Collagen fiber hyperplasia was evident with Masson staining. SAF scores (6.60 ± 0.55 and 0.80 ± 0.45) were significantly increased. The expressions of RIPK3 and p-MLKL were up-regulated. Nrf2 level was relatively increased, and the differences were statistically significant (P < 0.05). Compared with H group, berberine intervention group liver biochemical indexes, lipid levels, pro-inflammatory mediator expression, fatty liver index, and SAF score were significantly reduced, and the expression of RIPK3 and p-MLKL were down-regulated, while Nrf2 levels were further increased, and the differences were statistically significant (P<0.05). Compared with B group, treatment with Nrf2 inhibitor had antagonized the protective effect of berberine on fatty liver. Serum ALT, AST, LDH, TG, TC and TNF-α, IL-1β levels, fatty liver index, and SAF scores were significantly increased and the expressions of RIPK3 and p-MLKL were relatively increased, and the differences were statistically significant (P < 0.05). Conclusion: Berberine can significantly improve the metabolic-associated fatty liver disease injury in mice, and its mechanism is related to activation of Nrf2 and inhibition of programmed necrosis of hepatocytes.


Subject(s)
Animals , Berberine/therapeutic use , Fatty Liver , Male , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL , NF-E2-Related Factor 2/metabolism , Necrosis
4.
Chinese Journal of Digestion ; (12): 171-179, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934142

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the clinicopathological features, gene mutation characteristics, and prognostic related factors of patients with primary gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) of small intestine.Methods:From January 1, 2011 to December 30, 2019, surgical resected and pathological diagnosed small intestinal GIST without preoperative adjuvant therapy, at Tianjin Medical University Cancer Institute & Hospital were retrospectively collected. The mutational status of KIT exons 9, 11, 13, and 17 and platelet-derived growth factor receptor alpha ( PDGFRA) exons 12 and 18 were detected by polymerase chain reaction and Sanger direct sequencing. Clinicopathological features and gene mutation characteristics were analyzed. Pearson chi-square test and Bonferroni continuous correction test were used to compare the categorical variables among groups. Kaplan-Meier method and log-rank test were used for univariate survival analysis. The multivariate Cox proportional hazards regression model was used for multivariate survival analysis. Results:The proportions of patients with maximum tumor diameter> 10.0 cm and high-risk GIST located in the jejunum and ileum were higher than those of patients with primary GIST located in the duodenum (18.7%, 28/150 vs. 6.4%, 5/78; 56.7%, 85/150 vs. 43.6%, 34/78), and the differences were statistically significant ( χ2=14.67 and 12.46, P=0.002 and 0.006). The results of gene detection of 58 cases of small intestinal GIST indicated that the percentage of KIT gene mutant and wild type accounted for 84.5% (49/58) and 15.5% (9/58), among which 34 cases (69.4%), 12 cases (24.5%), 2 cases (4.1%) and 1 case (2.0%) were KIT gene exons 11, 9, 13 and 17 mutations, respectively, and none of the case with PDGFRA mutation. The 3-, 5-, and 10-year progression-free survival rates of the patients with small intestinal GIST were 88.1%, 85.0%, and 68.3%, respectively, and the 3-, 5-, and 10-year overall survival rates were 96.6%, 94.5%, and 86.1%, respectively. The results of univariate survival analysis showed that the progression-free survival rate and overall survival rate of patients with very low-risk and low-risk GIST were higher than those of patients with intermediate-risk and high-risk GIST (100.0%, 49/49 vs. 72.3%, 81/112; 100.0%, 49/49 vs. 89.3%, 100/112, respectively), and the differences were statistically significant ( χ2=14.07 and 4.92, P<0.001、=0.027). The results of univariate survival analysis of patients with intermediate-risk and high-risk GIST showed that the epithelioid cell type, mitotic index >5/5 mm 2, Ki-67 proliferation index >5%, and without postoperative adjuvant therapy were all related with progression-free survival time, and the differences were statistically significant ( χ2=8.39, 5.53, 13.73 and 15.44, P=0.004、0.019、<0.001、<0.001). Without postoperative adjuvant therapy was related with poor overall survival time ( χ2=7.06, P=0.008). The results of univariate analysis in patients with intermediate-risk and high-risk GIST and without postoperative adjuvant therapy showed that the epithelioid cell type, high-risk, mitotic index >5/5 mm 2 and Ki-67 proliferation index >10% were all related with progression-free survival time, and the differences were statistically significant ( χ2=10.08, 6.51, 10.37 and 15.72, P=0.001、0.011、0.001、<0.001). The results of multivariate analysis indicated that Ki-67 proliferation index >5% ( HR=5.018, 95% confidence interval(95% CI) 1.745 to 14.430, P=0.003) and without postoperative adjuvant treatment ( HR=0.145, 95% CI 0.051 to 0.414, P<0.001) were independent risk factors of postoperative tumor progression in patients with small intestinal intermediate-risk and high-risk GIST. Ki-67 proliferation index>10% ( HR=8.381, 95% CI 1.364 to 51.487, P=0.022) was an independent risk factor of postoperative tumor progression in patients with small intestinal intermediate-risk and high-risk GIST and without postoperative adjuvant treatment. Conclusions:The most common mutation in small intestinal primary GIST is KIT mutation, followed by wild type, no case of PDGFRA gene mutation has been found. High Ki-67 proliferation index can predict poor prognosis of patients with moderate-risk and high-risk small intestinal primary GIST. Postoperative adjuvant therapy can significantly improve the prognosis of patients with small intestinal intermediate-risk and high-risk primary GIST.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932411

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize the etiological mechanism, echocardiographic and clinical features of fetal cardiomyopathies (FCMs).Methods:According to the data of echocardiography in Maternal-Fetal Medicine Center in Fetal Heart Disease of Beijing Anzhen Hospital during 2015 January to 2020 December, 70 cases with FCMs were retrospectively reviewed, and the clinical, ultrasonic, pathological and clinical outcome data were collected. Whole exome sequencing and whole genome sequencing were used to identify the genetic changes.Results:Primary FCMs were diagnosed in 55 cases (78.6%, 55/70), including 39 fetuses with non-compaction of the ventricular myocardium (NVM), 10 with dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM), 5 with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM), and 1 with restricted cardiomyopathy (RCM). Secondary FCMs were diagnosed in 15 cases (21.4%, 15/70), including 7 fetuses with maternal anti-Ro/La antibodies (presenting with DCM), 4 with twin-twin transfusion syndrome (2 with DCM and 2 with HCM), 2 with fetal anemia (presenting with DCM), 1 with maternal diabetes (presenting with HCM) and 1 with chorioangioma of the placenta (presenting with DCM). In all cases, 9 cases were born, 3 cases died in perinatal period, and 58 pregnancies were terminated due to ineffective treatment or the decisions of pregnant women. Thirty cases with primary FCMs were performed with genetic tests, and 13 of them were identified with positive genetic changes related to FCMs, including 12 cases with NVM and 1 with HCM.Conclusions:Primary FCMs are more common than secondary FCMs in fetal period. The genetic disorders have a high proportion in fetal NVM. Fetal DCM and HCM have a large spectrum of intrinsic and extrinsic causes.

6.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 396-400, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932077

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the serum level and significance of complement factor B (CFB) and complement factor D (CFD) in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN).Methods:From October 2019 to October 2020, 110 patients with T2DM in the endocrinology department of Affiliated Hospital of Jining Medical College were divided into DPN group ( n=60) and simple T2DM group ( n=50) according to whether or not DPN was combined. In addition, 52 cases of physical examination population in the physical examination center in the same period were selected as the normal control group ( n=52). The serum levels of CFB, CFD and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) were measured by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The correlation between CFB, CFD and clinical indexes was analyzed, and the influencing factors of DPN were analyzed by logistic regression. Results:The serum levels of CFB and CFD in DPN group were higher than those in T2DM group and normal control group [CFB: (845.43±101.10)μg/ml vs (792.19±116.59)μg/ml, (739.20±123.43)μg/ml, P<0.05], [CFD: (491.71±41.03)mg/L vs (467.58±45.16)mg/L, (445.16±50.47)mg/L, P<0. 05]. Pearson correlation analysis showed that the serum level of CFB was positively correlated with glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA 1c), fasting plasma glucose (FPG) and TNF-α (all P<0.05) and negatively correlated with triiodothyronine (FT3) and total bilirubin (TBIL) (all P<0.05). Serum CFD level was positively correlated with systolic blood pressure, HbA 1c, FPG and TNF-α (all P<0.05), but negatively correlated with FT3 and TBIL (all P<0.05). Logistic regression analysis showed that CFB and CFD were still influential factors for the occurrence and development of DPN after excluding confounding factors such as systolic blood pressure, HbA 1c, FPG, FT3, DBIL, TBIL and TNF-α. Conclusions:(1) Serum CFB and CFD levels were significantly increased in DPN patients, suggesting that CFB and CFD may be involved in the occurrence and development of DPN. (2) Serum TNF-α level was significantly increased in DPN patients, confirming the role of TNF-α in the pathogenesis of DPN.

7.
Chinese Journal of Traumatology ; (6): 125-131, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928484

ABSTRACT

Joint arthroplasty is an effective method for treating end-stage joint lesions and damages. Robotic arm-assisted arthroplasty, a rapidly developing technology that combines navigation technology, minimally invasive technology, and precise control technology of the robotic arm, can achieve accurate preoperative planning, optimal selection of implants, minimally invasive surgery, precise osteotomy, and accurate placement of the artificial joint. It has the characteristics of high accuracy and stability, and thus is more and more widely used in the field of joint surgery. In this paper, we systematically reviewed the application and clinical efficacy of robotic arm-assisted technology in hip and knee arthroplasty to provide reference for its future promotion.


Subject(s)
Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee/methods , Humans , Knee Joint/surgery , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures , Robotic Surgical Procedures , Treatment Outcome
8.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 3035-3059, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922741

ABSTRACT

Various boron-containing drugs have been approved for clinical use over the past two decades, and more are currently in clinical trials. The increasing interest in boron-containing compounds is due to their unique binding properties to biological targets; for example, boron substitution can be used to modulate biological activity, pharmacokinetic properties, and drug resistance. In this perspective, we aim to comprehensively review the current status of boron compounds in drug discovery, focusing especially on progress from 2015 to December 2020. We classify these compounds into groups showing anticancer, antibacterial, antiviral, antiparasitic and other activities, and discuss the biological targets associated with each activity, as well as potential future developments.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910119

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the changes of biparietal diameter, head circumference and cerebrovascular hemodynamics in fetuses with hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS) during middle pregnancy.Methods:The biparietal diameter, head circumference, middle cerebral artery pulsatility index (MCA-PI), umbilical artery pulsatility index (UA-PI) and MCA-PI/UA-PI (CPR) of 41 fetuses with HLHS(HLHS group) were retrospectively analyzed from January 2015 to December 2019 in Beijing Anzhen Hospital, and were compared with those of 82 normal fetuses matched for gestational age at the same period (control group).Results:The Z-scores of head circumference, MCA-PI and CPR in with HLHS group were lower than in control group(all P<0.05); Head circumference in HLHS group were weakly and positively correlated with the MCA-PI and CPR ( r=0.385, 0.416; all P<0.05). Conclusions:There are some changes in the head circumference and cerebral hemodynamics in fetuses with HLHS during mid-gestational age, and the head circumference is weakly and positively correlated with MCA-PI and CPR, which has clinical significance.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906309

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the adsorption and desorption properties of different anion exchange resins for total ginsenosides, clarify their adsorption/desorption mechanism, and establish a simple protocol for the purification of total ginsenosides. Method:The adsorption and desorption properties of five different resins (D301, D315, D312, D330, D201) on total ginsenosides were evaluated with specific adsorption capacity, specific desorption capacity, desorption rate and recovery rate as indices. The adsorption kinetics and thermodynamics of the selected resin and D101 macroporous resin were investigated by pseudo-first-order and pseudo-second-order kinetic models, as well as Langmuir and Freundlich isothermal adsorption models, and the differences of adsorption mechanism between anion exchange resin and conventional macroporous resin were elucidated. The dynamic adsorption and desorption experiments were used to determine the optimum chromatographic parameters for anion exchange resin. After verifying the purification process of total ginsenosides, nine individual ginsenosides were qualitatively and quantitatively analyzed by liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS). Result:D301 anion exchange resin was obviously superior to the other four kinds of anion exchange resin, the optimum parameters were set as follows:pH 8 of loading solution, loading volume of 2 BV, loading speed of 4 BV·h<sup>-1</sup>, eluted with 3 BV of water and 20% ethanol for the impurities, eluted with 8 BV of 80% ethanol with elution speed of 4 BV·h<sup>-1</sup>. After purified by D301 resin, the enrichment coefficients of 9 monomer ginsenosides were simultaneously increased to different degrees, the overall enrichment coefficient was up to 5.3, the recovery rate for the total amount of these ginsenosides was calculated to be 80.9%, and the purity of total ginsenosides in Ginseng Radix et Rhizoma extract increased from 17.07% to 91.19%. Conclusion:D301 anion exchange resin is suitable for rapid and practical purification of total ginsenosides, hence allowing for the enrichment of high-purity total ginsenosides from Ginseng Radix et Rhizoma via one-dimensional column chromatography.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942907

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the expression of mismatch repair (MMR) protein and the EB virus infection in gastric adenocarcinoma, and to examine the association of MMR expression and EB virus infection with clinicopathological parameters. Methods: A case-control study was performed. Clinicopathological data of patients who was pathologically diagnosed as gastric adenocarcinoma, received radical gastrectomy and had complete clinicopathological data from August 2017 to April 2020 in Tianjin Medical University Cancer Institute and Hospital were retrospectively collected and analyzed. The immunohistochemistry (IHC) of MMR proteins and in situ hybridization (ISH) of Epstein-Barr virus encoded RNA (EBER) were reviewed. The associations of MMR and EBER results with clinicopathological parameters were analyzed. The main observations of the study were MMR and EBER expression, and association of MMR and EBER results with clinicopathological parameters. Results: Eight hundred and eighty-six patients were enrolled, including 98 patients who received preoperative neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy. Of 886 patients, 613 (69.2%) were males and the median age was 60 (22-83) years; 831 (93.8%) were mismatch repair proficiency (pMMR), and 55 (6.2%) were mismatch repair deficiency (dMMR). In dMMR group, 47 cases (85.5%) had the deficiency of both MLH1 and PMS2, 1 case (1.8%) had the deficiency of both MSH2 and MSH6, 4 cases (7.3%) had the deficiency only in PMS2, 2 cases (3.6%) had the deficiency only in MSH6, and 1 case (1.8%) had the deficiency only in MSH2. The deficiency rates of PMS2, MLH1, MSH6 and MSH2 were 5.8% (51/886), 5.3% (47/886), 0.3% (3/886) and 0.2% (2/886), respectively. Among the 871 cases with EBER results, 4.9% (43/871) were positive EBER. Univariate analysis showed that dMMR was more frequently detected in female patients (χ(2)=10.962, P=0.001), cancer locating in the antrum (χ(2)=9.336,P=0.020), Lauren intestinal type (χ(2)=9.718, P=0.018), stage T3 (χ(2)=25.866, P<0.001) and TNM stage II (χ(2)=15.470, P=0.002). The ratio of dMMR was not significantly associated with age, tumor differentiation, histological type, lymph node metastasis, distant metastasis or Her-2 immunohistochemical score (all P>0.05). Compared with negative EBER, positive EBER was more frequent in male patients (χ(2)=9.701, P=0.002), cancer locating in gastric fundus and corpus (χ(2)=17.964, P<0.001), gastric cancer with lymphoid stroma (χ(2)=744.073, P<0.001) and poorly differentiated cancer (χ(2)=13.739, P=0.010). Positive EBER was not significantly associated with age, depth of invasion, lymph node metastasis, distant metastasis, TNM stage or Her-2 immunohistochemical score (all P>0.05). In addition, all dMMR cases were EBER negative, and all cases of positive EBER were pMMR. Conclusions: The positive EB virus status is mutually exclusive with dMMR, indicating that different molecular subtypes of gastric adenocarcinoma are involved in different molecular pathways in tumorigenesis and progression. The overlapping of dMMR or positive EBER status and positive Her-2 expression is found in some cases of gastric adenocarcinoma. Patients with gastric adenocarcinoma after radical surgery should be tested for MMR status if they are female, the tumor locates in gastric antrum, the TNM staging is stage II or T3, or if the Lauren classification is intestinal type. And if patients are male, the tumor locates in the gastric fundus and corpus, the cancer is lymphoid stroma, or poor differentiated, the expression of EBER should be detected. Results of our study may provide evidence for further decision-making of clinical treatment.


Subject(s)
Adenocarcinoma , Case-Control Studies , DNA Mismatch Repair , Epstein-Barr Virus Infections , Female , Herpesvirus 4, Human , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Mismatch Repair Endonuclease PMS2/metabolism , MutL Protein Homolog 1/genetics , MutS Homolog 2 Protein/metabolism , Retrospective Studies , Stomach Neoplasms
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942245

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate clinical efficacy and safety of single and double segmental percutaneous lumbar discectomy for young and middle-aged patients with double-segment disc herniation.@*METHODS@#Retrospective analysis was undertaken for 32 young and middle-aged patients with percutaneous endoscopic lumbar discectomy (PELD) in the treatment of double-segment lumbar disc herniation from January 2015 to October 2018 in Peking University First Hospital. In the study, 18 cases were treated with single-segment treatment and 14 cases with double-segment treatment. Visual analogue score (VAS) and oswestry disability index (ODI) assessment were used to compare clinical symptom outcomes before surgery, 3 months after surgery and at the last follow-up. Macnab criteria were used to assess the patients' overall satisfaction after surgery. Imaging parameters included lumbar lordosis, intervertebral height at each segment and endplate angle of lesion segment on the X-ray. And Michigan State University(MSU) rating and Pfirrmann scoring system were used to evaluate the grade of disc herniation and disc degeneration respectively on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). The perioperative parameters included the surgeon, anesthesia method, operation time, postoperative hospital stay, postoperative bracing time and perioperative complications.@*RESULTS@#The mean follow-up time was (26.78±10.64) months. There was no significant difference in the follow-up time and baseline information between the two groups(P > 0.05). ODI scores 3 months post-operatively and at the last follow-up were lower in the double segment (P < 0.05). The ODI improvement was also more significant in the double-segment group at the last follow-up (P < 0.05). There was no significant difference in radiographic parameters at baseline (P>0.05). MSU scale for the primary segment was significantly lowered after both operations (P < 0.05). MSU scale for secondary segment was significantly lowered in double segment group but not in single segment group. Other imaging parameters were similar between the two groups (P > 0.05). The operation time of the single-segment group was significantly shorter than that of the double-segment group(P < 0.001). No perioperative complications were found in either group, but three patients underwent secondary lumbar surgery during the postoperative follow-up period in the single-segment group.@*CONCLUSION@#For young and middle-aged patients with double-segment disc herniation, this study suggests double-segment PELD may be more advantageous than single-segment PELD in terms of asuring clinical efficacy without increasing perioperative risks.


Subject(s)
Diskectomy , Diskectomy, Percutaneous , Endoscopy , Humans , Intervertebral Disc Degeneration/surgery , Intervertebral Disc Displacement/surgery , Lumbar Vertebrae/surgery , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934423

ABSTRACT

Objective:Medical post-doctors are important young talents in the field of medical research, to whom the management and training play an important roles in promoting the development of medical research. To improve the academic capacity and training quality of medical post-doctor, this article analyzed the status and problems of post-doctor management, and put forward countermeasures in a grade A tertiary pubic hospital in Beijing.Methods:Questionnaire survey and in-depth interview were used to survey the source, training mode, stress and satisfaction among 17 postdocs from 2016 to 2020.Results:The source of postdocs was limited, and there were a few interdisciplinary postdocs. After scientific research training, many postdocs can significantly improve their scientific research capacity; Most of the postdocs were under great pressure, which is mainly caused by scientific research and economic pressure. Key disciplines and cooperative supervisors are scientific research talents, which have high academic requirements for postdocs. Most postdocs are satisfied with their salary. Cooperative supervisors generally give full play to scientific research and clinical guidance, but lack of mental health guidance; Most postdocs have a low sense of belonging.Conclusions:The article proposed following measurements, including intensity propaganda, strengthen three-level management, enhance the sense of belonging, strengthen the management of cooperative supervisors, pay more attention to psychological counseling, relieve pressure, to improve the scientific research capacity and quality of medical postdocs.

14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921377

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#This study was performed to investigate the microstructure and mechanical properties of dental zirconia manufactured by digital light processing (DLP) 3D printing and the clinical application prospects of this material.@*METHODS@#The experiment (DLP) group was zirconia manufactured by DLP 3D printing, and the control (MILL) group was milled zirconia. The density, grain size, and phase composition were measured to study the microstructure. Flexural strength was measured by using three-point bending tests, while Vickers hardness was determined through a Vickers hardness tester. Fracture toughness was tested using the single-edge V-notched beam method.@*RESULTS@#Zirconia density of the DLP group was (6.019 8±0.021 3) g·cm@*CONCLUSIONS@#Zirconia manufactured by DLP 3D printing had microstructure and mechanical properties similar to those of the milled zirconia. Only the flexural strength and the Vickers hardness of the experimental zirconia were slightly lower than those of the milled zirconia. Therefore, DLP-manufactured zirconia has a promising future for clinical use.


Subject(s)
Dental Porcelain , Materials Testing , Printing, Three-Dimensional , Zirconium
15.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 1303-1307, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921049

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effect of nape cluster acupuncture on swallowing function and respiratory function in patients with post-stroke dysphagia, and to explore its relationship to cerebral arterial flow and neurotrophic factors.@*METHODS@#A total of 120 patients with post-stroke dysphagia were randomized into an observation group and a control group, 60 patients in each one. The conventional swallowing rehabilitation therapy and respiratory function training were adopted in the control group. On the basis of treatment in the control group, nape cluster acupuncture was applied at Fengchi (GB 20), Tianzhu (BL 10), Wangu (GB 12), Lianquan (CV 23), Panglianquan (Extra), once a day; pricking blood was applied at Jinjin (EX-HN 12) and Yuye (EX-HN 13), once every 2 days. Both groups were treated for 2 weeks. The therapeutic efficacy was compared between the two groups, and the swallowing function (scores of Kubota water swallowing test, standardized swallowing assessment [SSA] and video fluoroscopic swallowing study [VFSS]), the respiratory function indexes (forced vital capacity [FVC], maximal voluntary ventilation [MVV] and maximal expiratory time), the bilateral cerebral arterial hemodynamics parameters (systolic peak velocity [Vs], mean flow velocity [Vm] and vascular resistance index [RI]) and the serology indexes (brain-derived neurotrophic factor [BDNF], nerve growth factor [NGF] and insulin-like growth factors-1 [IGF-1]) before and after treatment were observed in the both groups.@*RESULTS@#The total effective rate was 80.0% (48/60) in the observation group, which was superior to 60.0% (36/60) in the control group (@*CONCLUSION@#On the basis of the conventional rehabilitation training, nape cluster acupuncture can effectively improve the swallowing function and respiratory function in patients with post-stroke dysphagia, its mechanism may be related to the improvement of cerebral hemodynamics and the regulation of neurotrophic factors.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Deglutition , Deglutition Disorders/therapy , Humans , Treatment Outcome
16.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 64-68, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879735

ABSTRACT

We conducted the present study to assess the correlation of the prostatic anatomical parameters, especially the ratio of peripheral zone thickness and transitional zone thickness, with clinical and uroflowmetry characteristics suggestive of benign prostate hyperplasia (BPH). A total of 468 consecutive patients with a detailed medical history were identified. All patients were evaluated by scoring subjective symptoms with the International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS) and quality of life (QoL). The prostatic anatomical parameters were measured using transrectal ultrasonography, and postvoid residual urine and maximum flow rate (Q

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-798630

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the relationship between renal injury and apoptosis in rats with nephrotic syndrome induced by mercury, in order to find out the pathogenesis.@*Methods@#Forty-eight healthy male SPF-grade BN (Brown-Norway) rats were divided into the control group and the exposure group by random number table. The nephrotic syndrome was caused by subcutaneous injection of HgCl2 (1 mg/ml) in the abdominal weight per kg of body weight. The control group was injected with the same volume of NaCl as the exposure group. Some rats were sacrificed on the 14th, 21st, 28th, and 35th days, and the serum kidney injury indicators creatinine (CRE) and urea nitrogen (BUN) were detected, and the renal tissue mercury content was detected; the in situ terminal transferase labeling technology (TUNEL) was detected Apoptosis, immunofluorescence detection of Cyt C content, Western blot detection of mitochondrial pathway apoptosis-related proteins [B-cell lymphoma 2 (Bcl-2) , Bcl-2 related X protein (BAX) , cysteine proteinase 3 (Caspase 3) ], mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling pathway-related proteins[p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (P38MAPK) , extracellular regulatory protein kinase (ERK) ] expression.@*Results@#Compared with the control group, the BUN content in the serum of rats in the exposure group was significantly increased on days 7, 21, and 28, the CRE content was significantly increased on 21 days, the CRE content was significantly decreased on 28 and 35 days, and the organ coefficient and renal mercury content were 14 to 35 days. Significantly increased, and the differences were statistically significant (P<0.05) . Compared with the control group, rats in the exposed group showed increased glomerular stroma, tubule dilatation and other renal cell apoptosis at 14 to 35 days, and Cyt C expression was obvious in the exposed groups at 14, 21 days. Compared with the control group, the BAX content of the rats in the exposed group was significantly increased on the 21st day, the content of Caspase 3 in the rats on the 14th and 21st days was significantly increased, and the content of the P38MAPK in the 35th day was significantly increased (P<0.05) .@*Conclusion@#HgCl2 may cause renal cell damage through the mitochondrial pathway of apoptosis and cause nephrotic syndrome, and the MAPK signaling pathway may regulate this process and exert an inhibitory effect on apoptosis.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868090

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the value of post left atrium space index (PLASI) in the diagnosis of fetal isolated total anomalous pulmonary venous connection (TAPVC).Methods:Twenty-six cases of fetal isolated TAPVC were retrospectively analyzed as the TAPVC group and 243 normal fetuses were selected as the control group from October 2012 to April 2019 in the Consultation Center of Maternal-Fetus Medicine in Fetal Heart Disease in Beijing An Zhen Hospital. The width of the PLAS and the diameter of the descending aorta were measured in the four chamber view, and then the PLAS index (PLASI) (the width of the PLAS/the diameter of the descending aorta) was calculated. The relationships between the width of PLAS, the diameter of descending aorta and the PLASI and gestational age were analyzed. The difference of the PLASI between isolated TAPVC group and control group was analyzed, and ROC curve was used to analyze the sensitivity and specificity in identifying the isolated TAPVC fetuses and normal fetuses.Results:In the 243 normal fetuses in control group, both the width of the PLAS and the diameter of the descending aorta increased with gestational age ( r s=0.362, 0.648, P<0.05). There was no statistically significant correlation between the PLASI and gestational age ( r s=-0.065, P>0.05). The PLAS and the PLASI in isolated TAPVC group were all significantly higher than those in control group ( t=26.31, 34.90, P<0.01). Based on the ROC curve analysis, when the cutoff value was set to 3.6 mm, the sensitivity and specificity of PLAS in identifying isolated TAPVC and normal fetuses were 97.5% and 100%, respectively. When the cutoff value was set to 1.1, the sensitivity and specificity of PLASI in identifying isolated TAPVC and normal fetuses were 100% and 100%, respectively. Conclusions:The PLASI is a sensitive parameter in identifying the isolated TAPVC, which is helpful for the rapid screening of the isolated TAPVC.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868070

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the value of artificial intelligence in screening normal or abnormal four-chamber view of the fetal heart.Methods:Selecting 3 996 pictures of normal and abnormal end systolic four chamber views and 450 video clips from the database of Beijing Key Laboratory of Fetal Heart Disease Maternal and Fetal Medicine Research in Beijing Anzhen Hospital as training set, test set and verification set to train, test and verify DGACNN model. ①Comparing DGACNN, DGACNN-ALOCC and other classification models(Densenet, Resnet50, InceptionV3, InceptionResnetV2) to detect the model with the most advanced level by recognizing 200 normal pictures and 200 abnormal pictures. ②Fetal echocardiographers were divided into three groups according to their experiences: primary, intermediate and advanced, 3 doctors in each group, and comparing the average score between each group or three groups and DGACNN by recognizing 100 normal pictures and 100 abnormal pictures.Results:①When the the false positive rate(FPR) was in the range of 20%, the recognition accuracy of DGACNN was the highest with 0.850, the recognition accuracy of other models were DGACNN-ALOCC 0.835, Densenet 0.780, Resnet50 0.700, InceptionV3 0.670, InceptionResnetV2 0.650, respectively. ②When FPR was in the range of 20%, the area under ROC curve of DGACNN was the largest with 0.881, the area under ROC curve of other models were DGACNN-ALOCC 0.864, Densenet 0.850, Resnet50 0.822, Inceptionv3 0.779, InceptionResnetV2 0.703, respectively. ③When the FPR was in the range of 20%, the average recognition accuracy of the senior fetal echocardiographer group was the highest with 0.863, followed by DGACNN 0.840, which was higher than the average recognition accuracy of the primary and intermediate groups with 0.760, 0.807; the average recognition accuracy of DGACNN was higher than the total average recognition accuracy of the primary, intermediate and advanced groups with 0.810.Conclusions:Artificial intelligence is accessible in screening four chamber view of fetal echocardiography, with high recognition accuracy.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826380

ABSTRACT

To investigate the association between chronic unpredictable mild stress (CUMS)-induced depressive-like behavior in rats and expressions of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and S100β in the hippocampal and prefrontal cortex. Rats were randomly assigned to three groups:saline control group,saline+CUMS group,and citalopram +CUMS group. CUMS was used for depression modeling in rats. Depressive-like behavior in rats were evaluated by open-field test,sucrose preference test,and novel object recognition test. S100β and BDNF expressions were tested by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Rats in the saline+CUMS group had significantly lower score in sucrose preference [(52.48±13.14)%],basic motor tasks [(845.8±371.4)s],fine motor tasks [(565.6±211.9)s],and longer resting time [(282.6±11.8)s] compared to the control group [(84.30±6.15)% (=7.49,=0.000),(1239.1±281.6)s (=2.83,=0.008),(801.8±150.9)s (=3.05,=0.003),(268.2±12.8)s (=2.72,=0.001)]. Compared with the citalopram+CUMS group,rats from the saline+CUMS group also showed significantly lower results in sucrose preference [(80.55±11.31)%,=5.39,=0.000],basic motor tasks [(1156.4±314.7)s,=2.13,=0.031],and fine motor tasks [(736.1±150.0)s,=2.21,=0.008]. There were no significant differences in the expression of hippocampal and prefrontal BDNF between these two groups,but rats from the saline+CUMS group expressed significantly higher levels of S100β compared to rats from the citalopram+CUMS group [(13.22±2.23) ng/g (10.55±2.72) ng/g,=2.67,=0.014]. Pearson correlation analysis revealed that the expression of S100β was positively correlated with the expression of BDNF in the prefrontal cortex and hippocampus (=0.35,=0.034;=0.36,=0.034).The novel object recognition index was positively correlated with the expression of BDNF in the hippocampus(=0.38,=0.021),and the duration of fine-motor activities was negatively correlated with S100β in the prefrontal cortex (=-0.36,=0.037). Different types of depressive behaviors in rats induced by CUMS are associated with the selective expression of S100β and BDNF in two different brain cortex. S100β protein and BDNF may independently participate in the pathogenesis of depression.


Subject(s)
Animals , Antidepressive Agents , Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor , Metabolism , Citalopram , Depression , Metabolism , Disease Models, Animal , Frontal Lobe , Metabolism , Hippocampus , Metabolism , Random Allocation , Rats , S100 Calcium Binding Protein beta Subunit , Metabolism , Stress, Psychological
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