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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929255

ABSTRACT

Four new prenylflavonoid glycosides, namely koreanoside H-K (1-4), together with eleven known ones (5-15) were isolated from the leaves of Epimedium koreanum Nakai. Their structures were elucidated by 1D NMR, 2D NMR, HR-ESI-MS, IR and UV. The identification of the sugar moieties was carried out by means of acid hydrolysis and HPLC analysis of their derivatives. It is worth noting that compound 3 and compound 4 were elucidated to contain fucose and quinovose moieties, which were two extremely rare sugar units from the genus Epimedium. The anti-pulmonary fibrosis activity of the new compounds was evaluated using A549 cell line. Compounds 1, 2 and 4 showed significant anti-pulmonary fibrosis activities.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Epimedium/chemistry , Glycosides/pharmacology , Plant Extracts/pharmacology , Plant Leaves/chemistry
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928165

ABSTRACT

The present study explored the correlation of coronary heart disease(CHD) with blood stasis syndrome in postmenopausal women with artery elasticity and endothelial function indexes and evaluated the diagnostic efficacy of the prediction model via logistic regression and receiver operating characteristic(ROC) curve model. A retrospective comparison was made between 366 postmenopausal CHD patients from August 1, 2020, to September 30, 2021, in the Department of Cardiology of Integrated Traditional Chinese and Western Medicine of China-Japan Friendship Hospital, who were divided into the blood stasis syndrome group(n=196) and the non-blood stasis syndrome group(n=170). General clinical characteristics of the two groups were compared. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to probe the correlation of CHD with blood stasis syndrome in postmenopausal women with brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity(baPWV), ankle-brachial index(ABI), and flow-mediated dilatation(FMD), and the ROC curve was drawn to evaluate the diagnostic efficiency of the prediction model. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that the correlation coefficients of CHD with blood stasis syndrome in postmenopausal women with baPWV, ABI, and FMD were 1.123, 0.109, and 0.719, respectively(P=0.004, P=0.005, P<0.001),and the regression equation for predicting probability P was P=1/[1+e~(-(3.131+0.116×baPWV-2.217×ABI-0.330×FMD))]. ROC curve analysis suggested that in the context of baPWV≥19.19 m·s~(-1) or ABI≤1.22 or FMD≤9.7%, it was of great significance to predict the diagnosis of CHD with blood stasis syndrome in postmenopausal women. The AUC of baPWV, ABI, FMD, and prediction probability P was 0.763, 0.607, 0.705, and 0.836, respectively. The AUC of prediction probability P was higher than that of each index alone(P<0.001), and the sensitivity and specificity were 0.888 and 0.647, respectively. The results demonstrate that baPWV, ABI, and FMD are independently correlated with CHD with blood stasis syndrome in postmenopausal women, and show certain independent predictive abilities(P<0.05). The combined evaluation of the three possesses the best diagnostic efficiency.


Subject(s)
Ankle Brachial Index , Brachial Artery , Coronary Disease/diagnosis , Elasticity , Female , Humans , Logistic Models , Postmenopause , Pulse Wave Analysis , ROC Curve , Retrospective Studies
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907621

ABSTRACT

The surveys of the number of TCM ancient books, the bibliography classification methods, the bibliography publication, the bibliography network sharing and access, the evaluation of the classification method of subject bibliography on TCM ancient books and the relevant opinions and suggestions were sent to 30 TCM libraries and 24 comprehensive libraries in China. The questionnaires’ data and responses were analyzed, in order to understand the classification methods of TCM ancient books, the use situation, and the needs in the classification and cataloging work. The results showed that compared with the comprehensive libraries, the collection of TCM ancient books were concentrated in TCM libraries, the classification methods for TCM libraries were seldomly reported, and the classification methods were mainly self-compiled. Thus, the uniformity of the classification methods was poor, and there was also a significant gap in the standardization of the bibliography arrangement in TCM libraries. The result recommended that the domestic library industry urgently needed a unified and standardized classification for TCM ancient books. It was significant for promoting the sharing and exchange of TCM ancient books, promoting the standardization process of TCM information, and promoting the efficient implementation of Zhonghua Yizang compilation project.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882558

ABSTRACT

In the treatment of primary epilepsy, Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) compounds and the combination of TCM and Western medicine with acupuncture and moxibustion, massage, acupoint embedding and other therapies are used most. The combined application of different therapies could enhance the curative effect, which could effectively control the frequency of the outbreak of this disease, reduce the adverse reactions of drugs, and further improve the quality of life of patients. In recent years, the number of TCM clinical studies related to this disease has increased, but most of the studies have a small sample size, unclear long-term efficacy, few double-blind trials, and unclear random methods. In addition, the criteria of syndrome classification and curative effect of primary epilepsy need to be unified.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882549

ABSTRACT

It is urgent to establish a standard for the classification and management of ancient books for Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) industry. This paper formulated the compiling principles on classification of TCM ancient books through the investigation and research. The categories were set and adjusted by comparing with the classification of Zhongguo Zhongyi Guji Zongmu and Zhonghua Guji Zongmu. Based on the comparason, the standard on classification of TCM ancient books was established. According to the classification standard, 8 663 kinds of TCM ancient books were reclassified. This standard can provide a clear and reliable reference for all kinds of collection units, promote the unification of classification methods of TCM ancient books, and promote the sharing and utilization of TCM ancient books.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882298

ABSTRACT

Silent information adjustment factor(Sirtuins)are Ⅲ class histone deacetylase on the nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide(NAD +), and regulate various enzyme activities and biological processes.Recent studies have found that members of the Sirtuins family are closely related to the occurrence of bronchial asthma.This review summarizes the role of the Sirtuins family in the pathogenesis of bronchial asthma and provides a basis for the Sirtuins family as a potential therapeutic target for bronchial asthma.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921815

ABSTRACT

Ophiopogonis Radix is an important Yin-nourishing drug in traditional Chinese medicine(TCM), with the effects of nourishing Yin, promoting fluid production, clearing away heart-fire, and relieving restlessness. It is widely used in clinical practice due to its multiple chemical components and pharmacological effects. The technique "mapping knowledge domains" is an effective tool to quantitatively and objectively visualize the development frontiers and trends of certain disciplines. In this study, TCM research papers related to Ophiopogonis Radix were retrieved from Web of Science(WoS) and CNKI, and the research institutions, journals, and keywords involved were visualized and analyzed using the scientometric software CiteSpace. The co-occurrence network of related research on Ophiopogonis Radix was constructed, and the Ophiopogonis Radix-disease-target network was plotted using Cytoscape 3.8.2. The hot topics in Chinese and English papers were analyzed and the shortcomings in the research on Ophiopogonis Radix were summed up. Furthermore, the development trends were discussed. A total of 1 403 Chinese papers and 292 English papers were included in this study. The analysis of research institutions showed that Beijing University of Chinese Medicine and China Pharmaceutical University were the two research institutions with the largest numbers of papers published. The analysis of journals showed that Hebei Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine and Journal of Asian Natural Products Research were the two journals with the highest numbers of papers concerning Ophiopogonis Radix. The keyword analysis showed that the research contents of Chinese papers focused on the analysis of medication regularity and clinical observation trials, while the English papers focused on component analysis and pharmacological investigation. Data mining and apoptosis-based pharmacological mechanism might be the research trends in the future.


Subject(s)
China , Data Mining , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Plant Roots , Publications
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921716

ABSTRACT

The disease-gene-drug multi-level network constructed by network pharmacology can predict drug targets and has been widely used in the study of material basis and mechanism of action of Chinese medicinal prescriptions. However, most of the current studies have normalized the efficacies of Chinese herbal medicines in the compounds during the construction of the network. There is also a lack of in-depth exploration of the mechanism of synergy among multiple components. This study proposed a network module partition method based on group collaboration and the pharmacological network was weighed according to the traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) theory of "monarch, minister, assistant and guide". Taking the Tanyu Tongzhi Prescription as an example, we constructed its pharmacological network for the treatment of myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury. The group collaboration module in the network was identified and the network changes before and after the weighting were compared based on the network topology analysis to explore a new method to find the core nodes of the network as well as the core drugs that affected the efficacy of the compounds. The results showed that the module partition method based on group collaboration could be used to identify and partition group collaboration mo-dules in pharmacological networks of compounds. The proposed weighted network based on the TCM theory of "monarch, minister, assistant, and guide" could identify and partition the modules based on the characteristics of the pharmacological network. The identification and partition results of modules of Tanyu Tongzhi Prescription in the weighted network were superior to those in the unweighted network. The weighted closeness centrality(WCC) evaluation method was conducive to finding key nodes and relations in the network as compared with traditional methods, thereby providing a basis for analyzing the core components of drugs and extracting more accurate drug components and targets.


Subject(s)
Clergy , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Network Pharmacology , Research Design
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828019

ABSTRACT

With the global outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019(COVID-19), screening of effective drugs has became the emphasis of research today; furthermore, screening of Chinese classic prescriptions has became one of the directions for drug development. This study analyzed the application of classic prescriptions in the diagnosis and treatment schemes based on the Diagnosis and Treatment Schemes for Coronavirus Disease at the country, provincial and municipal levels, and further explored its disrobing effect on COVID-19 disease severe phase network, and selected representative prescriptions for core target screening and gene enrichment analysis, so as to reveal its mechanism of action. Among them, 13 prescriptions were found to be used for 10 times or more, including Maxing Shigan Tang, Yinqiao San, Shengjiang San, Dayuan Drink, Xuanbai Chengqi Decoction. In addition, the COVID-19 efficacy prediction analysis platform(TCMATCOV platform) was used to calculate the network disturbances of the Chinese classic prescriptions involved. Based on the prediction results, 68 classic prescriptions were assessed on the COVID-19 disease network robustness disturbance. The average disturbance scores for the interaction confidence scores were ranked to be 0.4, 0.5, and 0.6 from the highest to the lowest. There were 7 prescriptions with a score of 17 or more, and 50 prescriptions with a score of 13 or more. Among them, the top three prescriptions were Ganlu Xiaodu Dan(18.19), Lengxiao Wan(17.74), and Maxing Shigan Tang(17.62). After further mining the action targets of these three prescriptions, it was found that COVID-19 disease-specific factors Ccl2, IL10, IL6 and TNF were all the targets of three prescriptions. Through the enrichment analysis of the biological processes of the core targets, it was found that the three prescriptions may prevent the development of the disease by affecting cell-to-cell adhesion, cytokine-mediated signaling pathway, and chronic inflammatory responses to COVID-19 at the severe phase. This study showed that the TCMATCOV platform could evaluate the disturbance effect of different prescriptions on the COVID-19 disease network, and predict potential effectiveness based on the robustness of drug-interfered pneumonia disease networks, so as to provide a reference for further experiments or clinical verification.


Subject(s)
Betacoronavirus , Coronavirus Infections , Drug Therapy , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral , Drug Therapy
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827000

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#: To evaluate the application of three-in-one intelligent screening in outpatient pre-inspection in Children's Hospital.@*METHODS@#We randomly enrolled 100 children pre-screened by traditional in the outpatient department of Children's Hospital Zhejiang University School of Medicine from February 6th to 16th, 2020, and another 100 children by the intelligent three-in-one mode from February 17th to 27th, 2020. The traditional triage was conducted by nurses based on face-to-face, one-by-one interview of the epidemiological history and consultation department, and the temperature was measured before manual triage. The intelligent three-in-one model of pre-inspection and triage combined online rapid pre-inspection and triage, on-site manual confirmation, as well as synchronized online health education system. For on-line registered patients, the system automatically sent the COVID-19 epidemiological pre-screening triage questionnaire one hour before the appointment, requiring parents to complete and submit online before arriving at the hospital. The on-site registered patients were controlled at 100 m outside of the hospital entrance. The nurses guided the parents to scan the QR code and fill in the COVID-19 epidemiological pre-examination triage questionnaire. At the entrance of the hospital, the nurse checked the guide sheet and took the temperature again. The children with red guidance sheet for isolation clinic were checked again and confirmed by pre-examination nurses, and accompanied to the isolation clinic by a special channel. The children with yellow guidance sheet were guided to fever clinic; parents with green guidance sheet took their children to the designated area by themselves, and then went to the corresponding consultation area after on-site manual pre inspection and registration. The whole process of health education was associated with outpatient notes, and the system automatically posted the corresponding outpatient instructions and education courses. Parents would read the courses on their mobile phones and counsel online. The time of pre-examination and the coincidence rate of triage were compared between the two groups.@*RESULTS@#The three-in-one intelligent pre-inspection mode took an average of (25.6±8.0) seconds for each child, which was significantly shorter than the traditional pre-inspection mode (74.8±36.4 seconds) (=13.182, 0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The three-in-one intelligent pre-inspection model can effectively shorten the patient pre-check time, with similar triage coincidence rate to traditional model.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-863657

ABSTRACT

This paper reviews the recent literatures about the clinical and mechanism researches on the treatment of cardiovascular diseases with the principles of treating phlegm and blood stasis together, which showed that phlegm and blood stasis are the key factors for the occurrence and exacerbation of cardiovascular diseases. This method is often used to treat angina pectoris, acute coronary syndrome, hypertension and hyperlipidemia, which could improve the condition of myocardial ischemia, resist myocardial cell apoptosis, improve vascular endothelial function, regulate the level of inflammatory cytokines, improve myocardial energy metabolism and reduce the level of myocardial injury markers. However, there still lacks of large-scale RCT, the effective components and mechanism of effective compound are not clear and the mechanism research lacks TCM characteristics.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879909

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the application of three-in-one intelligent screening in outpatient pre-inspection in children's hospital.@*METHODS@#We randomly enrolled 100 children pre-screened by traditional method in the outpatient department of Children's Hospital of Zhejiang University from February 6th to 16th, 2020, and another 100 children by the intelligent three-in-one mode from February 17th to 27th, 2020. The traditional triage was conducted by nurses based on face-to-face, one-by-one interview of the epidemiological history and consultation department, and the temperature was measured before manual triage. The intelligent three-in-one model combined online rapid pre-inspection and triage, on-site manual confirmation, as well as synchronized online health education system. For on-line registered patients, the system automatically sent the COVID-19 epidemiological pre-screening triage questionnaire one hour before the appointment, requiring parents to complete and submit online before arriving at the hospital. The on-site registered patients were controlled at 100 m away from the hospital entrance. The nurses guided the parents to scan the QR code and fill in the COVID-19 epidemiological pre-examination triage questionnaire. At the entrance of the hospital, the nurse checked the guidance sheet and took the temperature again. The children with red guidance sheet were checked again and confirmed by pre-examination nurses, and accompanied to the isolation clinic through COVID-19 patients-only entrance. The children with yellow guidance sheet were guided to fever clinic. The children with green guidance sheet could go with their parents to the designated area, and then went to the corresponding consultation area. Health education was carried out throughout the treatment, and the system automatically posted the corresponding outpatient instructions and education courses. Parents would read the courses on their mobile phones and counsel online. The time of pre-examination and the coincidence rate of triage were compared between the two groups.@*RESULTS@#The three-in-one intelligent pre-inspection mode took an average of (25.6±8.0) s for each child, which was significantly shorter than the traditional pre-inspection mode (74.8±36.4) s (@*CONCLUSIONS@#The three-in-one intelligent pre-inspection model can effectively shorten the patient pre-check time, with similar triage coincidence rate to traditional model.


Subject(s)
Adult , Betacoronavirus , COVID-19 , Child , Coronavirus Infections/diagnosis , Humans , Internet , Outpatient Clinics, Hospital , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral/diagnosis , SARS-CoV-2 , Surveys and Questionnaires , Time , Triage/standards
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-800243

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the value of GALAD model, including gender, age, AFP, AFP-L3 and DCP in diagnosis of primary hepatocellular carcinoma and prediction of microvascular invasion (MVI).@*Methods@#Using retrospective study method, 5 919 patients with primary hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) who received radical operation from January 2015 to December 2018 in Eastern Hepatobiliary Surgery Hospital were enrolled into study group. At the same time, 1 745 patients with benign liver diseases (BLDs) were enrolled into control group. The concentration of DCP was detected by Lumipulse G1200 automatic immune analyzer, and the concentration of AFP was detected by Cobas e601 automatic immune analyzer. AFP-L3 was detected by affinity adsorption centrifugation. The non-parametric Mann Whitney test was used to compare the difference between two groups. The chi square test was used to compare the rates. The diagnostic value of single serological marker and GALAD model for primary hepatocellular carcinoma was analyzed. The predictive effect of GALAD model on MVI of primary hepatocellular carcinoma was evaluated.@*Results@#Compared with single serum marker, the diagnostic value of GALAD model is higher. When the cutoff value is -0.33, the diagnostic sensitivity, specificity and accuracy reach to 91.9% (5 440/5 919), 86.8% (1 515/1 745) and 90.7% (6 955/7 664), respectively. The area under the curve can reach 0.960 [95%CI (0.955-0.964)]. Compared with no MVI (MO) group, the value of GALAD model in MVI low-risk group (M1), MVI high-risk group (M2) and MVI (M1+2) were significantly higher (Z values were-12.517, -22.883, -21.655, P<0.05), Galad model predicts MVI (M2) in high risk group,AUC was 0.717 [95%CI (0.701-0.733)] (M0 ratio M2).@*Conclusion@#GALAD model has better diagnostic performance in primary hepatocellular carcinoma and has certain predictive value for microvascular invasion.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-743141

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the development of Traditional Chinese Medicine health maintenance books in the past. Method Based on the General Catalogue of Traditional Chinese Medicine Ancient Books, the author did a bibliometrics analysis from the year of the ancient literature of the TCM health preservation, the year and type of the version, the distribution of the second class of the health maintenance, the unique books of ancient books in health maintenance, the collection in the series and Collected Taoist Scriptures and other issues. Results Of the 551 kinds of works of health maintenance embodied in the General Catalogue of Traditional Chinese Medicine Ancient Books, 404 kinds were completed before 1911, including 3 in the Han Dynasty, 1 in the Three Kingdoms Period, 2 in the Eastern Jin Dynasty, 1 in the Northern and Southern Dynasties, and 23 in the Tang Dynasty, 16 in the Song Dynasty, 20 in the Yuan Dynasty, 155 in the Ming Dynasty,and 183 kinds in the Qing Dynasty. The distribution of edition year was 1 in the Yuan Dynasty, 155 in the Ming Dynasty, 182 in the Qing Dynasty, 155 in the Republic of China, and 47 unknown. The versions were mainly wood-block edition, lithograph, stereotype edition, manuscript, and copied manuscript. There were different types of second class, including 309 kinds of general theory of health-maintenance, 157 kinds of Daoyin and Qigong, and 85 kinds of alchemy. There were 224 kinds of unique books, accounting for 40.65% of the total amount of 551 kinds of books of traditional Chinese medicine, among which 95 kinds were included in the series, and 109 kinds were included in Collected Taoist Scriptures, Quotes of Taoist Canon, Taoist Essence, and Taoist Collection. Conclusions The Health monographs reflect the development of TCM health maintenance level, the ideological culture, and social changes in different historical periods, which is of great value in the history of TCM health maintenance.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-824906

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the value of GALAD model, including gender, age, AFP, AFP-L3 and DCP in diagnosis of primary hepatocellular carcinoma and prediction of microvascular invasion (MVI). Methods Using retrospective study method, 5919 patients with primary hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) who received radical operation from January 2015 to December 2018 in Eastern Hepatobiliary Surgery Hospital were enrolled into study group. At the same time, 1745 patients with benign liver diseases (BLDs) were enrolled into control group. The concentration of DCP was detected by Lumipulse G1200 automatic immune analyzer, and the concentration of AFP was detected by Cobas e601 automatic immune analyzer. AFP-L3 was detected by affinity adsorption centrifugation. The non-parametric Mann Whitney test was used to compare the difference between two groups. The chi square test was used to compare the rates. The diagnostic value of single serological marker and GALAD model for primary hepatocellular carcinoma was analyzed. The predictive effect of GALAD model on MVI of primary hepatocellular carcinoma was evaluated. Results Compared with single serum marker, the diagnostic value of GALAD model is higher. When the cutoff value is-0.33, the diagnostic sensitivity, specificity and accuracy reach to 91.9%(5440/5919), 86.8% (1515/1745) and 90.7% (6955/7664), respectively. The area under the curve can reach 0.960 [95%CI (0.955-0.964)]. Compared with no MVI (MO) group, the value of GALAD model in MVI low-risk group (M1), MVI high-risk group (M2) and MVI (M1+2) were significantly higher (Z values were-12.517,-22.883,-21.655, P<0.05), Galad model predicts MVI (M2) in high risk group, AUC was 0.717 [95%CI (0.701-0.733)] (M0 ratio M2). Conclusion GALAD model has better diagnostic performance in primary hepatocellular carcinoma and has certain predictive value for microvascular invasion.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-807537

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the effects of the retinoic acid receptor related orphan C (RORC) inhibitor (SR1001) on the expression changes of proteins of hypoxia induced factor (HIF-1α) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in the nasal mucosa of mice with allergic rhinitis (AR) model.@*Methods@#Thirty BALB/c were randomly divided into normal group, AR model group and RORC inhibitor group, 10 mice each group. AR model of mice was established by ovalbumin (OVA) sensitization method. RORC inhibitor group was given intraperitoneal injection of SR1001 (25 mg/kg), while AR model group intraperitoneal injection of the same volume of 0.9% normal saline. The symptom score of the mice was determined every weekend after administration. The pathological morphological changes in the nasal mucosa tissue obtained from anesthetized mice were observed by light microscope. The expression of HIF-1α and VEGF protein were detected by immunohistochemistry. IFN-γ, IL-17, and sIgE in the serum were detected by ELISA and the expression of HIF-1α and VEGF in the nasal mucosal tissue of the mice were measured by Western blot. One-way ANOVA was used for inter-group comparison. LSD method was used for inter-group comparison with equal variance, and Dunnett T3 method for inter-group comparison with unequal variance. P<0.05 was considered statistically significant.@*Results@#The AR model was successfully established. Compared with the model group, the RORC inhibitor group significantly reduced the symptom score of AR mice (4.02±0.97 vs 8.50±1.76, t=7.050, P<0.01). The damaged mucosal epithelium appeared to be improved, the glands and dilated ducts tended to be normal, the mast goblet cells significantly reduced, and the infiltration of inflammatory cells in the inherent mucosa reduced. Meanwhile, the content of IL-17 and sIgE in serum decreased [(25.10±4.11) ng/ml vs (42.56±5.98) ng/ml, (0.875±0.244) ng/ml vs (1.982±0.365) ng/ml, t value was 14.141, 10.275, respectively, all P<0.01] and the content of IFN-γ increased [(61.32±8.83) pg/ml vs (38.94±5.97) pg/ml, t=8.133, P<0.01]. The expression of HIF-1α and VEGF protein in the nasal mucosal tissues of AR mice significantly reduced (0.92±0.08 vs 1.67±0.31, 1.12±0.21 vs 2.54±0.46, t value was 7.408, 8.880, respectively, all P<0.01).@*Conclusion@#The RORC inhibitor has the therapeutic effect on AR by changing the content of inflammatory factors in AR mice and reducing the expression level of HIF-1α and VEGF in the nasal mucosa.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-286829

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To detect the variations in peripheral blood levels of autoantibodies, immunoglobulilns and complements in patients with non-lactational mastitis and investigate whether non-lactational mastitis is an autoimmune disease with immune dysfunction.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Seven-eight patients with non-lactational mastitis treated in our hospital between September 2013 and May 2015 and 88 healthy women (control) were examined for peripheral blood levels of antinuclear antibody (ANA), anti-histone antibody (AHA), immunoglobulins (IgA, IgM, and IgG) and complements (C3, C4, and total complements).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>s Of the 78 patients with non-lactational mastitis, 50 (64.10%) were positive of ANA showing mainly the granular and cytoplasmic granular fluorescence patterns, and the positivity rate was significantly higher than that in the control group (P<0.000). Twenty-eight (36.00%) of the patients were positive of AHA, a rate significantly higher than that in the control group (P<0.000). The levels of IgA, IgM, C4, and total complements levels were all significantly elevated in the patients compared with those in the control group (P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Patients with non-lactational mastitis have abnormal changes in peripheral blood levels of immunoglobulins and complements with high positivity rates for ANA and AHA, indicating that non-lactational mastitis is an autoimmune disease with immune dysfunction.</p>


Subject(s)
Antibodies, Antinuclear , Blood , Autoantibodies , Blood , Autoimmune Diseases , Blood , Diagnosis , Case-Control Studies , Complement System Proteins , Female , Humans , Mastitis , Blood , Diagnosis
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-477009

ABSTRACT

In order to scientifically classify ancient TCM literature and promote the development and use of the literature, this paper combs the classification methods used in the bibliography literature, the modern databases and the libraries of TCM, analyzes the features of the classification methods, summarizes the existing problems in the classify of ancient TCM literature, and proposes the solutions.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-465179

ABSTRACT

Objective To discusse the research status ofyanjing medical school experience method, and provide a reference for relative researchers.Methods Articles in TCM Database System, SinoMed and CNKI were retrieved refined and analyzed t from the year, author, journal, organization and so on after duplicate removing.Results There were 389 related articles published in journals from 1956 to 2012. With 41.90% articles published in 10 core journals, written by 14 main authors. There were 3 hot research areas including experience of famous doctor,syndrome differentiation and treatment and medical record.Conclusion There was lacking of combing on Yanjing medical school and inheritance system. The inheritance of Yanjing medical school was done far from good, and the study on how to inherit Yanjing medical school need strengthening.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-241044

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the clinical effects of close reduction and minimally invasive percutaneous plate osteosynthesis in treating proximal humerus fractures in the aged.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From February 2012 to December 2013,39 patients with proximal humerus fractures were treated with minimally invasive percutaneous plate osteosynthesis (MIPPO group, 21 cases) and open reduction internal fixation (ORIF group, 18 cases). Including 17 males and 22 females in the study, and aged from 67 to 88 years old with an average of (71.8 ± 5.2) years old. In MIPPO group, there were 11 males and 10 females with an average age of (70.0 ± 5.3) years old;and in ORIF group, there were 10 males and 8 females with an average age of (72.0 ± 4.2) years old. Operation time, blood loss during operation, fracture healing time and postoperative complications were recorded. The functions of the shoulder joints were assessed according to Constant-Murley score at final follow-up.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>All the patients were followed up from 11 to 27 months with an average of 18.1 months. The mean blood loss of the MIPPO group was (176.0 ± 57.4) ml,while the ORIF group was (356.0 ± 66.9) ml (t = 7.22,P = 0.01). The operation time of the MIPPO group was (47.4 ± 14.9) min, while the ORIF group was (92.7 ± 15.8) min (t = 0.79, P = 0.03). Fracture healing time in the MIPPO group and ORIF group was (17.6 ± 5.8), ( 21.7 ± 4.9) weeks, respectively (P < 0.05). The mean Constant-Murley score at final follow-up was 89.7 ± 14.5 in MIPPO group, and 81.8 ± 13.2 in ORIF group (P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>MIPPO has advantages of little trauma, less blood loss, rapid recovery, less vascular damage and so on and can effectively treat the proximal humerus fracture in the aged.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Bone Plates , Case-Control Studies , Female , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Methods , Humans , Male , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures , Shoulder Fractures , General Surgery
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