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1.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 1231-1245, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971770

ABSTRACT

Lipid homeostasis is considered to be related to intestinal metabolic balance, while its role in the pathogenesis and treatment of ulcerative colitis (UC) remains largely unexplored. The present study aimed to identify the target lipids related to the occurrence, development and treatment of UC by comparing the lipidomics of UC patients, mice and colonic organoids with the corresponding healthy controls. Here, multi-dimensional lipidomics based on LC-QTOF/MS, LC-MS/MS and iMScope systems were constructed and used to decipher the alteration of lipidomic profiles. The results indicated that UC patients and mice were often accompanied by dysregulation of lipid homeostasis, in which triglycerides and phosphatidylcholines were significantly reduced. Notably, phosphatidylcholine 34:1 (PC34:1) was characterized by high abundance and closely correlation with UC disease. Our results also revealed that down-regulation of PC synthase PCYT1α and Pemt caused by UC modeling was the main factor leading to the reduction of PC34:1, and exogenous PC34:1 could greatly enhance the fumarate level via inhibiting the transformation of glutamate to N-acetylglutamate, thus exerting an anti-UC effect. Collectively, our study not only supplies common technologies and strategies for exploring lipid metabolism in mammals, but also provides opportunities for the discovery of therapeutic agents and biomarkers of UC.

2.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Ophthalmology ; (12): 843-845, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990921

ABSTRACT

Minimally invasive glaucoma surgery (MIGS) has been successfully incorporated in clinical practice in recent years.Increasing evidence shows that it also plays an important role in the treatment of primary angle-closure glaucoma (PACG). Goniosynechialysis (GSL) is a key surgical procedure used by MIGS for PACG, which involves separating the peripheral anterior synechia and reopening the angle.However, there is still a lack of uniform standards for indications and surgical procedures.Therefore, it is necessary to formulate a detailed and complete expert consensus on surgical procedures to standardize the application of clinicians in the treatment.

3.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Ophthalmology ; (12): 134-139, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990822

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the preliminary effectiveness and safety of surgical peripheral iridectomy (SPI) combined with goniosynechilysis (GSL) and goniotomy (GT) in the treatment of advanced primary angle-closure glaucoma (PACG).Methods:A multicenter observational case series study was performed.Thirty-five eyes of 27 patients with advanced PACG, who underwent SPI+ GSL+ GT with a follow-up of at least 6 months, were included from August 2021 to January 2022 at Zhongshan Ophthalmic Center, Handan City Eye Hospital, Shijiazhuang People's Hospital, West China Hospital of Sichuan University, and the Third Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University.The mean follow-up time was 9(7, 10) months.Pre- and post-operative best corrected visual acuity (BCVA) and intraocular pressure (IOP) were measured with an ETDRS chart and a Goldmann applanation tonometer, respectively.The number of anti-glaucoma medications applied before and after surgery was recorded, and the complications after surgery were analyzed.Success rate of surgery was calculated.Complete surgical success was defined as an IOP of 5-18 mmHg (1 mmHg=0.133 kPa) and 20% reduction from baseline without anti-glaucoma medication or reoperation.Qualified success was defined as achieving criterion of complete success under anti-glaucoma medications.This study adhered to the Declaration of Helsinki.The study protocol was approved by the Ethics Committee of Zhongshan Ophthalmic Center, Sun Yat-sen University (No.2021KYPJ177). Written informed consent was obtained from each subject.Results:The mean preoperative IOP was (30.83±8.87)mmHg, which was significantly decreased to (15.69±3.70)mmHg at 6 months after the surgery ( t=8.588, P<0.001), with a 44.00% (34.78%, 60.00%) decline of 13.00(8.00, 21.00)mmHg.The median number of anti-glaucoma medications was significantly reduced from 2(0, 3) preoperatively to 0 (0, 1) postoperatively ( Z=-3.659, P<0.001). The mean preoperative and postoperative 6-month BCVA were 0.80(0.63, 1.00) and 0.80(0.60, 1.00), respectively, showing no significant difference ( Z=-0.283, P=0.777). Complete surgical success rate was 62.86%(22/35), and the qualified success rate was 91.43%(32/35). Surgical complications mainly included hyphema (6/35), IOP spike (3/35), and shallow anterior chamber (4/35). There was no vision-threatening complication. Conclusions:SPI+ GSL+ GT is preliminarily effective and safe in the treatment of advanced PACG, which provides a new option for PACG.

4.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Ophthalmology ; (12): 101-103, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990817

ABSTRACT

Minimally invasive glaucoma surgery (MIGS) has been successfully incorporated in clinical practice in recent years.Increasing evidence shows that MIGS also plays an increasingly important role in the treatment of primary angle-closure glaucoma (PACG). Surgical peripheral iridectomy (SPI) plus goniosynechialysis (GSL) and goniotomy (GT), as a new procedure, has been proven to be safe and effective in the treatment of PACG with no or mild cataracts.However, there is still a lack of uniform standards for indications, surgical procedures, and perioperative medication.Therefore, it is necessary to formulate a detailed and complete expert recommendations on surgical procedures to standardize the application of combined SPI+ GSL+ GT in the treatment.Some experts in glaucoma treatment and management in China have discussed the current problems and developing trend in MIGS for PACG and put forward the expert recommendations of standard process, including indications, anaesthetic methods, surgical site, operating procedure and rational administration of drugs in perioperation, in order to standardize the medical process of clinicians using combined SPI+ GSL+ GT in PACG treatment and lay a foundation for better evaluation of the efficacy of MIGS.

5.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Ophthalmology ; (12): 97-100, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990816

ABSTRACT

With high incidence, high disability rate and serious impact on patients' quality of life, advanced primary angle-closure glaucoma (PACG) with cataract is a severe eye disease in China and its main treatment method is surgery.Phacoemulsification cataract extraction and intraocular lens implantation (PEI) combined with trabeculectomy has been used to treat advanced PACG with cataract, but there are many postoperative complications.Recently, combined PEI, goniosynechialysis (GSL) and goniotomy (GT) has been proven to be a safe and effective surgical treatment for advanced PACG with cataract.At present, the combined PEI+ GSL+ GT surgery has been widely applied, but there is still a lack of uniform standards for its clinical application.Therefore, it is necessary to formulate a detailed and complete recommendation of the surgical procedures for PEI+ GSL+ GT, to standardize its application in clinical practice.Based on the analysis of the existing problems, some glaucoma experts in China have formulated detailed and complete operation norms, as well as expert recommendations on surgical indications and contraindications, anesthetic methods, surgical techniques and perioperative medication to standardize the application process of PEI+ GSL+ GT in clinical practice.

6.
Journal of Integrative Medicine ; (12): 106-115, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971643

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#Melittin, a cell-penetrating peptide, improves the efficiency of many non-viral gene delivery vectors, yet its application in viral vectors has not been well studied. The non-pathogenic recombinant adeno-associated virus (rAAV) vector is an ideal in vivo gene delivery vector. However, its full potential will only be achieved after improvement of its transduction efficiency. To improve the transduction efficiency of rAAV2 vectors, we attempted to develop a melittin-based rAAV2 vector delivery strategy.@*METHODS@#The melittin peptide was inserted into the rAAV2 capsid either in the loop VIII of all viral proteins (VPs) or at the N terminus of VP2. Various rAAV2-gfp or -fluc vectors were subjected to quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction and Western blot assays to determine their titers and integrity of capsid proteins, respectively. Alternatively, the vectors based on wild-type capsid were pre-incubated with melittin, followed by transduction of cultured cells or tail vein administration of the mixture to C57BL/6 and BALB/c nude mice. In vivo bioluminescence imaging was performed to evaluate the transgene expression.@*RESULTS@#rAAV2 vectors with melittin peptide inserted in the loop VIII of VPs had low transduction efficiency, probably due to dramatically reduced ability to bind to the target cells. Fusing the melittin peptide at the N-terminus of VP2 produced vectors without the VP2 subunit. Interestingly, among the commonly used rAAV vectors, pre-incubation of rAAV2 and rAAV6 vectors with melittin significantly enhanced their transduction efficiency in HEK293 and Huh7 cells in vitro. Melittin also had the ability to increase the rAAV2-mediated transgene expression in mouse liver in vivo. Mechanistically, melittin did not change the vector-receptor interaction. Moreover, cell counting kit-8 assays of cultured cells and serum transaminase levels indicated melittin had little cytotoxicity.@*CONCLUSION@#Pre-incubation with melittin, but not insertion of melittin into the rAAV2 capsid, significantly enhanced rAAV2-mediated transgene expression. Although further in vivo evaluations are required, this research not only expands the pharmacological potential of melittin, but also provides a new strategy to improve gene therapy mediated by rAAV vectors.


Subject(s)
Mice , Animals , Humans , Melitten/genetics , Dependovirus/genetics , Serogroup , HEK293 Cells , Mice, Nude , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Transgenes , Genetic Vectors/genetics
7.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Ophthalmology ; (12): 340-344, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931077

ABSTRACT

Primary angle-closure glaucoma (PACG) is a common subtype of glaucoma and one of the leading causes of blindness in Asia.Trabeculectomy has been recognized as an effective filtering surgery for PACG and is widely used in clinical practice, but its high risk of postoperative complications, especially bleb scarring over time can not be ignored.Nowadays, non-bleb-based minimally invasive glaucoma surgeries (MIGS) have attracted much attention.Surgeries opening, restoring, or expanding Schlemm canal to reconstruct aqueous humor outflow pathway is one of the MIGS and able to achieve moderate intraocular pressure (IOP) reduction, which has been widely used in the treatment of primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) for a long time.However, based on the pathogenesis of PACG and its similar pathological changes in Schlemm canal to POAG, some retrospective studies and prospective single-arm studies discovered that Schlemm canal surgery combined with phacoemulsification and/or goniosynechialysis appears to lower IOP well and safe in PACG eyes in recent years.Whether Schlemm canal surgery is also suitable or effective for PACG is getting some attention and is still controversial up to now, mostly due to some differences in pathogenesis between PACG and POAG, it is necessary to perform randomized controlled trials to confirm the efficacy of Schlemm canal surgery for PACG and upgrade the therapeutic strategy of PACG.

8.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 1363-1376, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929343

ABSTRACT

Peptides that are composed of dextrorotary (d)-amino acids have gained increasing attention as a potential therapeutic class. However, our understanding of the in vivo fate of d-peptides is limited. This highlights the need for whole-body, quantitative tracking of d-peptides to better understand how they interact with the living body. Here, we used mouse models to track the movement of a programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-L1)-targeting d-dodecapeptide antagonist (DPA) using positron emission tomography (PET). More specifically, we profiled the metabolic routes of [64Cu]DPA and investigated the tumor engagement of [64Cu/68Ga]DPA in mouse models. Our results revealed that intact [64Cu/68Ga]DPA was primarily eliminated by the kidneys and had a notable accumulation in tumors. Moreover, a single dose of [64Cu]DPA effectively delayed tumor growth and improved the survival of mice. Collectively, these results not only deepen our knowledge of the in vivo fate of d-peptides, but also underscore the utility of d-peptides as radiopharmaceuticals.

9.
Journal of China Pharmaceutical University ; (6): 86-92, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920655

ABSTRACT

@#An innovative approach to quantitatively analyze the histamine and its precursor histidine simultaneously in biological matrices was established for the first time based on double adsorption combined with high performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (HPLC-MS/MS).The internal standard was 2-dihydroxybenzoic acid (DHB).The plasma and brain tissue homogenate was protein precipitated with 3-fold acetonitrile, and the supernatant was then sampled for injection analysis.The chromatographic separation of the target components was achieved on an amino chromatography column (ODS-SPXBridge? Amide).Gradient elution was carried out with the mobile phase consisting of solvent A (0.1% formic acid and 1mmol/L ammonium formate in water) and solvent B (acetonitrile).Mass spectrometry was employed for quantitative analysis with ESI ion source in multiple reaction monitoring (MRM) mode.In order to improve the specificity and accuracy, activated carbon and calcite were used for the double adsorption of biological matrices for the first time.The adsorbed matrix was then used for methodology validation.The results showed that histamine and histidine were linear in the quantitative range (correlation coefficient r ≥ 0.999).Accuracy, precision, extraction recovery, matrix effect and stability all met the requirements of biological sample analysis.All results suggested that the present method could not only be efficiently and reliably used for simultaneous quantitative analysis of histamine and histidine in biological samples, but also provide reference for the detection of other endogenous substances.

10.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 416-420, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876070

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To explore the mechanism of volume-related mitral regurgitation (MR) from the anatomy of mitral valve. Methods    A total of 32 patients with ventricular septal defect (VSD) combined MR meeting inclusion criteria in West China Hospital from September 2018 to November 2019 were enrolled in this study. The direction relative to the cardiac axis: the deviation of the MR bundle along the left atrial wall was eccentric, otherwises it was central. There were 23 patients of VSD and eccentric MR (EMR, a VSD-EMR group), including 10 males and 13 females aged 21 (10, 56) months, and 9 patients of VSD and central MR (CMR, a VSD-CMR group), including 4 males and 5 females aged 26 (12, 87) months. Besides, 9 healthy children were enrolled in a control group, including 4 males and 5 females aged 49 (15, 72) months. All patients underwent transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) examination at 2 weeks before surgery and 6 months after surgery, respectively, The MR degree, end-diastolic volume (EDV), end-systolic volume (ESV), stroke volume (SV), ejection fraction (EF), antero-posterior diameter (AP), annulus circumference (AC), commissural diameter (CD) were assessed. Results    Before operation, EDV, ESV, SV, AP, AC and CD in the VSD-EMR and VSD-CMR groups were significantly larger or longer than those in the control group (P<0.05); after operation, EDV, ESV, SV, AP and CD decreased compared with those before operation (P<0.05), but there was no significant difference compared with the control group (P>0.05). Compared with the control group, AC was slightly decreased (P<0.05). There was no significant difference in EF between and within groups before and after operation (P>0.05). The improvement rate of MR was 78.9%(15/19) in the VSD-EMR group and 100.0% (9/9) in the VSD-CMR group. Conclusion    After unloading of volume, the valve structure is back to normal except AC. The improvement rate of MR in the VSD-EMR group is lower than that in the VSD-CMR group, which may indicate that the mechanism of VSD-EMR is more complicated.

11.
Chinese Journal of Organ Transplantation ; (12): 147-152, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911632

ABSTRACT

Objective:To improve the level of detection method and quality control at different transplant centers in China and comprehensively analyze the data of tacrolimus(Tac)detection in multiple transplant centers and provide data supports.Methods:Low, medium and high concentration commercial quality control products in triplicate samples were delivered to 34 domestic organ transplantation centers and testing repeated for 2~3 times during different time periods. The detection results of 240 quality control samples were summarized. The methods, accuracy and stability of Tac detection results were analyzed.Results:In international standard laboratories, mean±standard deviation(SD)of Tac detection results of low/medium/high concentration commercial quality control products was(4.70±0.325), (8.46±0.548)and(13.50±0.966)respectively. Here the results were (4.79±0.605), (8.49±0.948)and(13.99±1.604)respectively. In contrast, SD and degree of variation of international standard data were smaller, indicating that the accuracy and stability of international standard laboratories in detecting Tac were higher. SD of Tac concentrations detected by international standard laboratory for low/medium/high concentrations was approximately 0.3, 0.5 and 1.0 respectively, i.e.International first-class level. Here SD was approximately 0.5, 1.0 and 1.5 respectively, i.e. Chinese industry level.Conclusions:The "Chinese industry level" is recommended. Before using a new batch of "testing reagents" , "standard control samples" must be employed for calibrating the calculated curve. The calculated curve should be re-calibrated at least once per month. And clinicians should be consulted frequently.

12.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Ophthalmology ; (12): 1046-1052, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908628

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the expression of integrin ανβ3 in conjunctival scar after glaucoma filtration surgery and to explore its role in the formation of filtering scar in rats.Methods:Fifty-five SPF male SD rats aged 6-8 weeks were selected to establish the model of glaucoma filtration surgery, and 15 unsuccessful modeling rats were excluded.The remaining rats were divided into control group, transforming growth factor (TGF) group, integrin ανβ3 receptor antagonist LM609 group and TGF+ LM609 group, with 10 rats in each group.The conjunctival flap of different groups was treated with cotton piece containing 0.9% sodium chloride, TGF-β2 (2 mg/ml), LM609 (40 μg/ml), TGF-β2 (2 mg/ml)+ LM609 (40 μg/ml) solution for two minutes, respectively, according to grouping.The intraocular pressure (IOP) was monitored with an iCARE tonometer before operation and at 3 days, 1 week, 2 weeks after operation, and the average IOP ratio ([postoperative IOP/preoperative IOP]×100%) was calculated.At 3 days, 1 week and 2 weeks after operation, slit lamp microscopy was used to observe the morphological changes of filtering blebs and calculate the survival rate of filtering blebs.Two weeks after operation, the operative eyeball tissues were removed and made into paraffin section.The inflammatory changes, fibrosis and collagen deposition of bulbar conjunctiva in the operation area were observed by hematoxylin-eosin staining and picric acid-sirius red staining, respectively.Western blot was used to detect the expression of integrin αν and β3.Immunohistochemical staining was used to detect the expression of integrin ανβ3 in the conjunctival tissue of operation area.The use and care of the rats complied with the Instruction Notions with Respect to Care for Laboratory by State Ministry of Science and Technology.The study protocol was approved by an Ethics Committee of The Daping Hospital, Army Medical University (No.2017-06).Results:The IOP of rats in each group was significantly decreased on the third day after operation compared with before operation, and gradually recovered to the preoperative level in the first to second week after operation.The mean IOP ratios of the control group, TGF group, LM609 group and TGF+ LM609 group were (101.80±4.44)%, (103.90±5.65)%, (94.10±7.45)% and (100.60±4.61)%, respectively, showing a statistically significant difference among them ( F=4.571, P=0.010). The mean IOP ratio of LM609 group was lower than that of the control group, TGF group and TGF+ LM609 group (all at P<0.05). Two weeks after operation, the filter blebs became flat and the bulbar conjunctival tissue was slightly thickened in the control group and TGF+ LM609 group, and bulbar conjunctival tissue was significantly thickened with a large number of blood vessels growing in the TGF group, and localized small filter blebs as well as less vascularization were seen in the LM609 group.The survival rate of filtering bleb in the TGF group was significantly lower than that in the control group, LM609 group and TGF+ LM609 group, and the survival rate of filtering bleb in the LM609 group was significantly higher than that in the control group and TGF+ LM609 group (all at P<0.05). Two weeks after operation, there were fewer infiltrated inflammatory cells and looser collagen fiber deposition in the conjunctival tissue in the LM609 group and TGF+ LM609 group compared with the TGF group.The relative expression levels of integrin αν and β3 under conjunctival tissue in the TGF group were significantly higher than those in the control group, LM609 group and TGF+ LM609 group (all at P<0.05). Immunohistochemical staining showed that integrin ανβ3-positive cells were mainly in the conjunctival tissue around the operation area and microtubules.The number of integrin ανβ3-positive cells in the conjunctival tissue of the operation area in the TGF group were significantly greater than those of other groups. Conclusions:Integrin ανβ3 is highly expressed in the scar of conjunctival tissue after filtering surgery in rats.The inhibition of integrin ανβ3 can reduce the deposition of fibers and prolong the survival of filtering blebs, suggesting that integrin ανβ3 may be involved in the formation of conjunctival scar.

13.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 181-193, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905943

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the compatibility rules of prescriptions containing Forsythiae Fructus based on data mining and explore the anti-inflammatory mechanism of Forsythiae Fructus based on network pharmacology,so as to provide reference for the rational clinical application of Forsythiae Fructus and the development of health foods and new Chinese medicines. Method:The prescriptions containing Forsythiae Fructus in the<italic> Dictionary of Traditional Chinese Medicine Prescriptions</italic> were collected,based on which a clinical prescription database was constructed. The Chinese herbs combined with Forsythiae Fructus and the corresponding indications were subjected to frequency statistics,association rule analysis,and complex network analysis using SPSS Statistics 26,IBM SPSS Modeler 18.0,and Gephi 9.2. The active components and targets of Forsythiae Fructus for anti-inflammation were retrieved from the Traditional Chinese Medicine Systems Pharmacology Database and Analysis Platform (TCMSP),BATMAN-TCM,and SEA,and the targets related to anti-inflammation from GeneCards,Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM),CTD,and GenCLiP3. Following the analysis of protein-protein interactions (PPI) with STRING,a PPI network was constructed. The enrichment analysis was performed using Metascape,and the active component-anti-inflammation target-signaling pathway network of Forsythiae Fructus was constructed by Cytoscape 3.8.2. Result:According to the inclusion and exclusion criteria,2 245 prescriptions containing Forsythiae Fructus were harvested,involving 512 Chinese herbs,with a total usage frequency of 27 314. The Chinese herbs that were most frequently combined with Forsythiae Fructus (>800 times) were Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma (1 483 times),Scutellariae Radix (964 times),and Angelicae Sinensis Radix (842 times). Hence,the herbal pairs "Forsythiae Fructus-Scutellariae Radix" and "Forsythiae Fructus-Angelicae Sinensis Radix" were further explored. The prescriptions containing Forsythiae Fructus could be utilized for the treatment of 29 kinds of diseases,and three representative disease categories including "carbuncle,gangrene,sores and ulcers","ophthalmic diseases and syndromes" and "epidemic diseases" are selected for data mining. There were 19 association rules obtained with "Forsythiae Fructus-Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma-Lonicerae Japonicae Flos-Angelicae Sinensis Radix" as the core herb combination for "carbuncle,gangrene,sores and ulcers". The clustering analysis revealed one multi-herb clustering group,four herbal pairs,and single herb Lonicerae Japonicae Flos,the complex network analysis four herbal modules,and the factor analysis six common factors. There were 23 association rules obtained with "Forsythiae Fructus-Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma-Scutellariae Radix-Angelicae Sinensis Radix" as the core herb combination for "ophthalmic diseases and syndromes". The clustering analysis revealed two multi-herb clustering groups and four herbal pairs,the complex network analysis four herbal modules,and the factor analysis five common factors. There were 28 association rules obtained with "Forsythiae Fructus-Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma-Menthae Haplocalycis Herba-Lonicerae Japonicae Flos" as the core herb combination for "epidemic diseases". The clustering analysis revealed three multi-herb clustering groups,one herbal pair,and two single herbs Forsythiae Fructus and Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma,the complex network analysis four herbal modules,and the factor analysis five common factors. As demonstrated by network pharmacology-based analysis,the core anti-inflammation components of Forsythiae Fructus were quercetin,luteolin,and kaempferol,and the core targets were phosphoinositide-3-kinase regulatory subunit 1 (PIK3R1),protein kinase B 1 (Akt1),and epidermal growth factor receptor(EGFR). The biological pathways were mainly concentrated in proteoglycans in cancer,pathways in cancer,and PI3K/Akt signaling pathway,with such functions as inhibition of transcription factors,regulation of enzyme activity,and inflammation-related gene expression involved. Conclusion:This study employed a variety of data mining techniques to objectively,intuitively,and scientifically uncover the compatibility rules of Forsythiae Fructus in the treatment of high-frequency diseases. It has been found that Forsythiae Fructus is often combined with heat-clearing herbs,tonifying herbs,exterior-releasing herbs,and blood-activating and stasis-resolving herbs for diverse diseases and syndromes. Under the premise of clearing heat and removing toxin,reinforcing healthy Qi and dredging stagnation are also emphasized. According to the degree of internal heat exuberance,the heat-clearing herbs with different merits are combined. This study has revealed the unique advantages of Forsythiae Fructus in the treatment of specific diseases and syndromes as well as its multi-component,multi-target,and multi-pathway mechanisms in anti-inflammation,breaking through the limitations in modern clinical and experimental research of Forsythiae Fructus. These findings are of great significance for guiding the rational clinical application of Forsythiae Fructus and the development of health foods and new Chinese medicines,thus better accelerating the development of Chinese medicine health industry.

14.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 1024-1031, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905171

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore national standard of occupational skills for assistive technology consultants in China based on the study of relevant international standards. Methods:After analyzing the international and some other national job content, work requirements, professional education and vocational training, and vocational standards of assistive technology consultants, the national occupational skills standard for assistive technology consultants in China was established referring to the compiling rules of national occupational skills standard. Results:According to the compiling rules of national occupational skills standard, the national occupational skills standard for assistive technology consultants in China included career situation, basic requirements, job requirements, and weight table, etc. Conclusion:The vocational development, structural framework and content of professional capacity for assistive technology consultants are studied. The draft of national occupational skills standard for rehabilitation assistive technology consultants has been compiled.

15.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 1334-1339, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904720

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To evaluate the mid-term safety, efficacy and feasibility of perventricular device closure for subarterial ventricular septal defect. Methods    Clinical data of 97 patients diagnosed with subarterial ventricular septal defect through echocardiography in West China Hospital from September 2013 to December 2015 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 66 males and 31 females aged 3 (1.8, 5.9) years. All the patients underwent perventricular device closure under the guidance of transesophageal echocardiography using eccentric occlusion device. Possible complications such as residual shunt, valvular regurgitation, atrioventricular conduction block and arrhythmias were recorded during the 1-year, 3-year and 5-year follow-up. Results    All the patients received perventricular device closure successfully except that 1 patient underwent open surgical repair under cardiopulmonary bypass 3 months later because of the migration of device. So the rate of complete closure was 99.0%. No residual shunt, moderate or severe valvular regurgitation, atrioventricular conduction block or arrhythmias were observed 5 years later. Conclusion    Treating subarterial ventricular septal defect through perventricular device closure exhibits remarkable mid-term efficacy, safety and feasibility with high success rate.

16.
Biomedical and Environmental Sciences ; (12): 454-464, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887716

ABSTRACT

Objective@#This study was performed to compare the genetic diversity, virulence, and antimicrobial resistance of @*Methods@#A total of 38 clinical strains and 19 strains from healthy individuals were isolated from the samples collected in Ma'anshan City, Anhui Province. Their taxonomy was investigated using concatenated @*Results@#The 57 @*Conclusions@#The taxonomy, virulence properties, and antibiotic resistance of


Subject(s)
Humans , Aeromonas/pathogenicity , Case-Control Studies , Drug Resistance, Bacterial/genetics , Genetic Variation , Virulence Factors/genetics
17.
Journal of Integrative Medicine ; (12): 515-525, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922523

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#Plant-derived cytotoxic transgene expression, such as trichosanthin (tcs), regulated by recombinant adeno-associated virus (rAAV) vector is a promising cancer gene therapy. However, the cytotoxic transgene can hamper the vector production in the rAAV producer cell line, human embryonic kidney (HEK293) cells. Here, we explored microRNA-122 (miR122) and its target sequence to limit the expression of the cytotoxic gene in the rAAV producer cells.@*METHODS@#A miR122 target (122T) sequence was incorporated into the 3' untranslated region of the tcs cDNA sequence. The firefly luciferase (fluc) transgene was used as an appropriate control. Cell line HEK293-mir122 was generated by the lentiviral vector-mediated genome integration of the mir122 gene in parental HEK293 cells. The effects of miR122 overexpression on cell growth, transgene expression, and rAAV production were determined.@*RESULTS@#The presence of 122T sequence significantly reduced transgene expression in the miR122-enriched Huh7 cell line (in vitro), fresh human hepatocytes (ex vivo), and mouse liver (in vivo). Also, the normal liver physiology was unaffected by delivery of 122T sequence by rAAV vectors. Compared with the parental cells, the miR122-overexpressing HEK293-mir122 cell line showed similar cell growth rate and expression of transgene without 122T, as well as the ability to produce liver-targeting rAAV vectors. Fascinatingly, the yield of rAAV vectors carrying the tcs-122T gene was increased by 77.7-fold in HEK293-mir122 cells. Moreover, the tcs-122T-containing rAAV vectors significantly reduced the proliferation of hepatocellular carcinoma cells without affecting the normal liver cells.@*CONCLUSION@#HEK293-mir122 cells along with the 122T sequence provide a potential tool to attenuate the cytotoxic transgene expression, such as tcs, during rAAV vector production.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Mice , Dependovirus/genetics , Genetic Therapy , Genetic Vectors/genetics , HEK293 Cells , MicroRNAs/genetics , Trichosanthin
18.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 40-44, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879403

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the biomechanical affect of percutaneous transforaminal endoscopic discectomy(PTED) on adjacent segments with different degrees of degeneration and related risk of adjacent segment diseases (ASD) caused by this operation.@*METHODS@#A healthy male adult volunteer was selected, and the lumbosacral vertebra image data was obtained by CT scan, and the external contour of the bone structure was reconstructed. On this basis, the external contour of the bone structure was fitted by using the smooth curve in 3D-CAD software, and the complete three-dimensional finite element modelof the non degenerate L@*RESULTS@#In the finite element model without adjacent segmental disc degeneration, the annulus fibrosus von Mises stress and intradiscal pressure of the PTED model showed only a slight increase under most stress conditions, and a slight decrease in a few conditions, and there was no significant change trend before and after surgery. In the original degenerated adjacent segment disc model, the biomechanical indicators related to disc degeneration in the pre- and post-PTED model showed significant deterioration, leading to an increased risk of potential adjacent spondylopathy.@*CONCLUSION@#PTED surgery will not lead to the significant deterioration of postoperative biomechanical environment of non-degeneration adjacent intervertebral discs, and the original degeneration of adjacent intervertebral discs is a important risk factor for ASD.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Male , Biomechanical Phenomena , Diskectomy, Percutaneous , Finite Element Analysis , Intervertebral Disc/surgery , Intervertebral Disc Degeneration/surgery , Lumbar Vertebrae/surgery , Range of Motion, Articular
19.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 1309-1313, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877533

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the analgesic effect and application advantage of acupuncture combined with local anesthesia of lidocaine in percutaneous vertebroplasty (PVP) for the patients with osteoporotic vertebral compression fracture (OVCF).@*METHODS@#A total of 60 patients with OVCF and receiving PVP at single vertebra under local anesthesia were selected and randomized into an acupuncture plus medication group and a simple medication group, 30 cases in each one. In the simple medication group, the local laying infiltration anesthesia with 1% lidocaine 30 mL was used. In the acupuncture plus medication group, firstly, filiform needles were used to stimulate Hegu (LI 4), Neiguan (PC 6), Jinmen (BL 63) and Yintang (GV 29) with reducing technique, and then the epidermal infiltration anesthesia was followed with 1% lidocaine 4 mL. The needles were retained till the end of operation. Successively, before operation (T@*RESULTS@#In the acupuncture plus medication group, MAP and HR were lower than those in the simple medication group at T@*CONCLUSION@#Acupuncture combined with medication reduces the dose and adverse reactions of anesthetics, alleviates pain degree of patients, shortens the duration of operation and improves patients' subjective satisfaction in PVP for OVCF.


Subject(s)
Humans , Analgesics , Fractures, Compression/therapy , Osteoporotic Fractures , Spinal Fractures/therapy , Spine , Treatment Outcome
20.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 730-733, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872575

ABSTRACT

Duodenal cancer is a clinically rare gastrointestinal malignant tumor. Its early symptoms lack specificity, making it difficult to diagnose clinically and easy to be misdiagnosed and missed. The treatment of duodenal cancer is mainly surgery, supplemented by radiotherapy and chemotherapy. Most patients have already experienced local invasion or distant metastasis at the time of first diagnosis, and lack of effective treatment, the prognosis is extremely poor. In recent years, a series of studies have pointed out that targeted therapy and immunotherapy can improve the prognosis of patients with duodenal cancer. This article reviews the progress of diagnosis and treatment of duodenal cancer, hoping to help guide clinical diagnosis and treatment and develop new treatment options.

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