Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 863
Filter
1.
Mycobiology ; : 297-307, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-902749

ABSTRACT

A cordycipitoid fungus infecting Hepialidae sp. in Nepal was supposed to be identical to Cordyceps liangshanensis, originally described from southwestern China, and thus, transferred to the genus Metacordyceps or Papiliomyces in previous studies. However, our multi-gene (nrSSU-nrLSU-tef-1α-rpb1-rpb2) phylogenetic and morphological studies based on the type specimen and additional collections of C. liangshanensis revealed that the fungus belongs to the genus Ophiocordyceps (Ophiocordycipitaceae). Therefore, a new combination O. liangshanensis was made, and a detailed description of this species was provided.

2.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 757-764, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878064

ABSTRACT

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) has become the third-leading cause of death worldwide, which is a severe economic burden to the healthcare system. Chronic bronchitis is the most common condition that contributes to COPD, both locally and systemically. Neutrophilic inflammation predominates in the COPD airway wall and lumen. Logically, repression of neutrophilia is an essential fashion to COPD treatment. However, currently available anti-neutrophilic therapies provide little benefit in COPD patients and may have serious side effects. Thus, there is an urgent need to explore an effective and safe anti-neutrophilic approach that might delay progression of the disease. Sialic acid-binding immunoglobulin-like lectin (Siglec)-9 is a member of the Siglec cell surface immunoglobulin family. It is noteworthy that Siglec-9 is highly expressed on human neutrophils and monocytes. Ligation of Siglec-9 by chemical compounds or synthetic ligands induced apoptosis and autophagic-like cell death in human neutrophils. Furthermore, administration of antibody to Siglec-E, mouse functional ortholog of Siglec-9, restrained recruitment and activation of neutrophils in mouse models of airway inflammation in vivo. Given the critical role that neutrophils play in chronic bronchitis and emphysema, targeting Siglec-9 could be beneficial for the treatment of COPD, asthma, fibrosis, and related chronic inflammatory lung diseases.


Subject(s)
Animals , Asthma , Humans , Lung , Mice , N-Acetylneuraminic Acid , Neutrophils , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive/drug therapy , Sialic Acid Binding Immunoglobulin-like Lectins
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876158

ABSTRACT

Objective:Death causes and life reduction of malignant tumors in the residents of Zhuanqiao Town in Minhang District from 2013 to 2017 were analyzed to provide scientific evidence for the strategies on comprehensive prevention and control of cancer. Methods:The data of death causes of malignant tumors in the residents of Zhuanqiao Town were collected and analyzed. The mortality rate, annual percent change (APC), composition ratio, potential years of life lost (PYLL), potential years of life lost rate (PYLLR) and average years of life lost (AYLL) of the registered population were analyzed. Results:The standardized mortality rate of malignant tumors in the residents of Zhuanqiao Town from 2013 to 2017 was 128.05/105, and the rate was higher in males than that in females. The top four cancers regarding PYLL were lung cancer, liver cancer, stomach cancer and colorectal cancer, which were roughly the same order as the top four regarding the mortality. This indicates that these four cancers had a greater impact on residents. Lung cancer had a greater impact on female life expectancy. PYLL and SPYLL ranked the first in liver cancer in males and thus had a greater impact on the males. Breast cancer was one of the most important malignant tumors in causing early death of women. Conclusion:Malignant tumor has become an important public health problem endangering the health of residents. The focus of future work in the town remains to improve public awareness of carcinogenic risk factors, actively carry out health education, lifestyle intervention and early screening in order to reduce cancer risk, alleviate cancer burden and improve the life expectancy of residents.

4.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 319-327, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872598

ABSTRACT

Chalcone isomerase (CHI) is the second rate-limiting enzyme involved in the biosynthetic pathway of flavonoids in Glycyrrhiza uralensis. Based on our previous studies, we selected the specific CHI haplotype (GenBank Accession No. KY115232) to maximize flavonoid accumulation. We constructed a plant binary expression vector for overexpression of this CHI gene by the gene fusion method and transfected the plasmid into Agrobacterium tumefaciens ACCC10060 by electroporation. The recombinant A. tumefaciens ACCC10060 subsequently was used to infect cotyledons and hypocotyls of G. uralensis to obtain transgenic hairy roots. A qRT-PCR method was used to determine the copy number of CHI and a UPLC method was used to assay the content of four flavonoids in different hairy root lines. The qRT-PCR results showed that the copy number of CHI in hairy roots was 1 or 5. UPLC results showed that the content of total flavonoids, liquiritin, liquiritigenin, and isoliquiritigenin in transgenic hairy root samples was significantly higher than that in wild-type samples. This study demonstrates that overexpression of CHI significantly increases the content of flavonoids in hairy roots of G. uralensis. This work provides a theoretical basis for clarifying the function of CHI. Three transgenic hairy root lines of G. uralensis were isolated which can be used to increase the accumulation of licorice flavonoids in vitro.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887881

ABSTRACT

FAM60A,a cell cycle protein,is a subunit of the SIN3 transcription regulator family member A/histone deacetylase(SIN3-HDAC)complex and plays an important role in cell cycle regulation,cell morphology change,cell proliferation,differentiation and migration,early embryogenesis and so on.Studies in recent years have shown that FAM60A plays a role in the occurrence and development of tumors including human osteosarcoma,esophageal cancer,gastric cancer,lung cancer and liver cancer,providing a new research direction for tumor diagnosis and treatment.Based on the research results in recent years at home and abroad,this paper discussed the effects of FAM60A on cellular functions.


Subject(s)
Cell Cycle Proteins , Cell Differentiation , Cell Proliferation , DNA-Binding Proteins , Humans , Sin3 Histone Deacetylase and Corepressor Complex
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887500

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the clinical therapeutic effect on mild and moderate postpartum depression treated with acupuncture of @*METHODS@#A total of 116 patients with mild and moderate postpartum depression were divided into an acupuncture group (103 cases) and a non-acupuncture group (13 cases) according to treatment regimen provided. In the acupuncture group, acupuncture of @*RESULTS@#The total effective rate of the acupuncture A group was 100.0% (31/31), better than 76.9% (10/13) in the non-acupuncture group and 58.1% in the acupuncture B group (18/31) (@*CONCLUSION@#Acupuncture of


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Depression/therapy , Depression, Postpartum/therapy , Female , Humans , Needles , Treatment Outcome
7.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2025-2032, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887016

ABSTRACT

1-Deoxy-D-xylulose-5-phosphate synthase (DXS) is a rate-limiting enzyme involved in the 2-C-methyl-D-erythritol 4-phosphate (MEP) pathway for terpenoid precursor biosynthesis. DXS plays an essential role in glycyrrhizic acid (GA) biosynthesis. Based on our previous transcriptome study, there was a negative correlation between DXS expression and GA content. Therefore, we explored the regulatory role of DXS in GA biosynthesis using both gene overexpression and gene knockout in a hairy root culture system. DXS was cloned from Glycyrrhiza glabra L. (GenBank Accession No. MN158121). A plant binary expression vector pCA-DXS was constructed by a gene fusion method. The sgRNA sequence was designed based on the first exon of DXS to construct the gene editing vector pHSE-DXS. Hairy roots overexpressing or knocking out DXS were generated through an Agrobacterium-mediated method with licorice hypocotyls as explants. Wild-type hairy roots and negative control hairy roots containing empty plasmids were also evaluated. UPLC was used to determine the GA content in each licorice hairy root line. Results showed that the content of GA in the hairy root group knocking out DXS was significantly higher than that in the wild-type and negative control groups, while in the hairy root group overexpressing DXS was significantly lower, suggesting that DXS plays a negative role in GA biosynthesis. This study provides a foundation for determining the function of DXS in terpenoid metabolism and for further establishment of a molecular regulatory network of GA biosynthesis.

8.
Chinese Journal of Microsurgery ; (6): 152-156, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885772

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the feasibility and clinical efficacy of the bilobed anterolateral femoral perforator flap pidicled with the oblique branch of lateral femoral circumflex artery in repair of the wounds in extremities.Methods:A study was conducted on 36 patients with complex limb wounds from December, 2014 to May, 2020. Thirty patients had single-wound sized from 10.0 cm×10.0 cm to 23.0 cm×17.0 cm, and 6 patients had 2 adjacent and discontinuous wounds sized from 4.0 cm×5.0 cm to 11.0 cm×9.0 cm. A total of 78 perforators were identified in routine preoperative CDU examination, and 67 perforators were confirmed. According to the actual requirement of the perforator confirmed in surgery, 19 flaps were designed with completely split up into bilobed flaps and 17 bilobed fascial flaps were designed with segmented skin and deep fascia. The blood supply of flaps relies on the anastomosis of oblique branch with the recipient vessels, therefore bridged blood Flow-through anastomosis was performed in 8 flaps. All thigh donor sites were sutured directly. Regular follow-up were made after surgery.Results:In this group, 35 cases of bilobed flaps survived successfully. Venous crisis was found in 1 case of flap repairing 2 wounds after the operation and was relieved 7 days later by remove some stitches and bloodletting. The donor sites healed by first intension, and the wound healing time was 11-83 days. All patients were followed-up for 6-39 months. The flaps had good colour and texture with S 2-S 3 sensory. All the donor sites left linear scars except 1 where left with a large scar without contracture and pain. Conclusion:The repair of the wounds in extremities by bilobed anterolateral thigh perforator flaps pedicled with the oblique branch of the lateral femoral circumflex artery could obtain a more concealed donor site. It acts as a beneficial supplement when a bilobed flap cannot be harvested on the descending branch of the lateral femoral circumflex artery.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885573

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical and genetic features of 3-methylglutaconic aciduria, dystonia-deafness, hepatopathy, encephalopathy, Leigh-like syndrome(MEGDHEL syndrome) caused by SERAC1 gene variation. Methods:This study retrospectively described the clinical and molecular features and prognosis of a baby boy who was transferred to Children's Hospital of Fudan University and later diagnosed with MEGDHEL syndrome in August 2016. A summary of the clinical and genetic manifestations of MEGDHEL syndrome cases reported in China and foreign areas was conducted through a literature review.Results:(1) Case report: The 2-day-old patient was transferred to Children's Hospital of Fudan University due to hyperlactic acidemia after birth. Physical examination revealed scattered petechiae and ecchymoses of the skin. Laboratory examination showed coagulation disorders and cranial MRI revealed abnormal signals in both basal ganglia. A homozygous variation of c.442C>T(p.Arg148*) in the SERAC1 gene was detected in the patient, which is a pathogenic variant included in the Human Gene Mutation Database. Both of his parents were heterozygous carriers, thereby the diagnosis of MEGDHEL syndrome was confirmed. Followed up to the age of three years and 11 months, he was found to have psychomotor retardation, spasticity, dystonia, deafness, and loss of language ability. (2)Literature review: Together with the case reported in this study, a total of 88 cases were retrieved, involving 57 different variants. The clinical features were homogenous, with onset mostly in the neonatal period (72%, 62/86), and severe reversible liver dysfunction (49%, 38/77) and neonatal hypoglycemia (44%, 35/80) were the main features. Nervous system was affected since infancy and common symptoms, included hypotonia (86%, 68/79), progressive spasticity (82%, 67/82), dystonia (80%, 66/82), intellectual disability (88%, 58/66) and sensorineural hearing impairment (74%, 59/80). Furthermore, bilateral basal ganglia involvement on cranial MRI (93%,70/75) and 3-methylglutaconic aciduria (98%,80/82) were also seen. Supportive care is currently the main management, however, the prognosis is extremely poor. Conclusions:MEGDHEL syndrome should be highly suspected when reversible neonatal liver dysfunction or hypoglycemia of unknown reasons in neonatal period, followed by progressive deafness-dystonia syndrome in infancy. As the prognosis of these patients is usually poor, genetic testing may provide an early diagnosis in neonatal period.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884655

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the efficacy of different systemic chemotherapy regimens as first-line and second-line therapy and to determine the prognostic factors for patients with advanced biliary tract cancer.Methods:The clinical data of patients with advanced biliary tract cancer who underwent systemic chemotherapy in Cancer Hospital of Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences from January 2011 to December 2018 were studied. The efficacy of chemotherapy on objective response rate (ORR) and disease control rate (DCR) were evaluated. Potential prognostic factors for survival were studied using the Cox proportional hazards models.Results:Of 151 patients enrolled into this study, there were 75 males and 76 females, with ages ranging from 31 to 77 years (median 58 years). Two treatment protocols were used: (1) 104 patients received a gemcitabine-based regimen (combined with platinums or fluorouracils) or a combination of platinums and fluorouracils, while (2) 47 patients received a combination of albumin-bound paclitaxel and S-1. The corresponding ORR for each group were 15.4%(16/104) and 27.6%(13/47), respectively, and the DCR were 65.4%(68/104) and 72.3%(34/47), respectively. Of 58 evaluable patients who received chemotherapy as a second-line therapy, 31 patients received the regimen containing gemcitabine, platinums or fluorouracils with an ORR of 3.2% (1/31) and a DCR of 35.5%(11/31); a total of 18 patients received the taxanes-based regimen with an ORR of 11.1%(2/18) and a DCR of 38.9%(7/18); 9 patients received the irinotecan-based regimen with an ORR of 22.2%(2/9) and a DCR of 44.4%(4/9). Univariate analysis showed positive liver metastasis and elevated carbohydrate antigen (CA)19-9 level to be significantly correlated with worse survival outcomes ( HR=1.540, 95% CI: 1.019-2.328, P=0.040 and HR=1.892, 95% CI: 1.123-3.188, P=0.017). Conclusion:For patients with advanced biliary tract cancer, in addition to the conventional regimens containing gemcitabine, platinums and fluorouracils, the combination of albumin-bound paclitaxel and S-1 was shown to be an effective chemotherapeutic regimen for these patients. Second-line chemotherapy was insufficient and ineffective, and an irinotecan-based regimen deserves to be further investigated. Liver metastasis and elevated CA19-9 level were worse prognosis after chemotherapy for patients with advanced biliary tract cancer.

11.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 183-188, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884028

ABSTRACT

With the concepts of minimal invasive surgery and precision medicine embedding deeply in modern medicine, traditional clinical treatment strategies are constantly updated due to the rapid progression of medical research. Systematic dissection of the regional lymph nodes is a key component in the surgical therapy of gynecologic malignancies, however it may result in a series of complications, such as lower extremity lymphedema, deep venous thrombosis, immune disorders and so on, which seriously impact the patients' quality of life. The necessity of systematic lymphadenectomy and the extent of lymph nodes resection have always been one of the most controversial issues in gynecologic oncology. In recent years, the extensive application of sentinel lymph node (SLN) technology has been increasingly used in the treatment of gynecologic malignancies, which may provide important guidance on this issue. This article reviews the clinical application status, detection methods, detection efficiency, and current controversies regarding SLN mapping and biopsy in cervical cancer, endometrial cancer, ovarian cancer and vulvar cancer, discussing the application value of SLN technology in gynecologic oncology.

12.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1719-1726, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881564

ABSTRACT

Ferulate 5-hydroxylase (F5H) is a key enzyme involved in the phenylpropane metabolism pathway. Based on our previous transcriptome sequencing study, F5H played a negative regulatory role in glycyrrhizic acid (GA) biosynthesis. Therefore, in this study we cloned the F5H gene and investigated its regulatory effect on GA accumulation through gene overexpression and knockout. F5H was cloned from Glycyrrhiza glabra L. (GenBank Accession No. MK882511). A plant binary expression vector pCA-F5H was constructed by inserting F5H into pCAMBIA1305.1 at Spe I and Bgl II sites. The sgRNA sequences were designed based on the first exon of F5H. The CRISPR/Cas9 gene editing vector pHSE-F5H was constructed by inserting F5H sgRNA into pHSE401 at two Bsa Ⅰ sites. PCA-F5H and pHSE-F5H were transfected into Agrobacterium tumefaciens ATCC15834, which was used to induce hairy root overexpressing or knocking out F5H with licorice hypocotyl as explants. At the same time, wild type and negative control hairy roots were also generated. UPLC was used to assay the GA content in different hairy root lines, and results showed that the GA content in hairy root lines knocking out F5H was significantly higher, whereas in hairy root lines overexpressing F5H GA content was lower than that in the wild-type and negative control. In this work, through a reverse genetics strategy, the negative regulatory effect of F5H on GA biosynthesis was confirmed through gene overexpression and knockout. This work will lay a foundation for further elucidation of the molecular regulatory network of GA biosynthesis.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-847091

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: In recent years, the rapid development of tissue engineering technology provides a new idea for the treatment of intervertebral disc degeneration; that is, biomaterials are used to reconstruct the damaged intervertebral disc structure. OBJECTIVE: To summarize polymer materials which are applicable for intervertebraltissue engineering construction, and overview the advantages, disadvantages and application progress of each material. METHODS: We searched related articles from inception to February 2020 in PubMed, Web of Science and CNKI databases with “polymer, intervertebral disc, tissue engineering, nucleus pulposus, annulus fibrosus” as English and Chinese key words. Initially 189 related articles were searched, and 109 eligible articles were included in final analysis according to inclusion and exclusion criteria. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: Intervertebral disc is composed of inner soft nucleus pulposus and outer stiff annulus fibrosus. Accordingly, it requires two components with different structures and functions to reconstruct a complete intervertebral disc with tissue engineering method. Chitosan, alginate and hyaluronic acid are considered as optimal materials for nucleus pulposus construction because of their appropriate swelling character and ability of inducing cells to secrete nucleus pulposus matrix. Silk fibroin, collagen, polyethylene glycol, polylactic acid, polyglycolic acid and polycaprolactone with high mechanical strength are suitable for annulus fibrosus construction to bear high loading burden. By further surface modification, these synthesis scaffolds wound show a better cellular compatibility and promote tissue integrity after in vivo implantation.

14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879305

ABSTRACT

Objective This study aimed to determine the association of hyperlipidemia with clinical endpoints among hospitalized patients with COVID-19, especially those with pre-existing cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) and diabetes. Methods This multicenter retrospective cohort study included all patients who were hospitalized due to COVID-19 from 21 hospitals in Hubei province, China between December 31, 2019 and April 21, 2020. Patients who were aged < 18 or ≥ 85 years old, in pregnancy, with acute lethal organ injury (e.g., acute myocardial infarction, severe acute pancreatitis, acute stroke), hypothyroidism, malignant diseases, severe malnutrition, and those with normal lipid profile under lipid-lowering medicines (e.g., statin, niacin, fenofibrate, gemfibrozil, and ezetimibe) were excluded. Propensity score matching (PSM) analysis at 1:1 ratio was performed to minimize baseline differences between patient groups of hyperlipidemia and non-hyperlipidemia. PSM analyses with the same strategies were further conducted for the parameters of hyperlipidemia in patients with increased triglyceride (TG), increased low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), and decreased high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C). Mixed-effect Cox model analysis was performed to investigate the associations of the 28-days all-cause deaths of COVID-19 patients with hyperlipidemia and the abnormalities of lipid parameters. The results were verified in male, female patients, and in patients with pre-existing CVDs and type 2 diabetes. Results Of 10 945 inpatients confirmed as COVID-19, there were 9822 inpatients included in the study, comprising 3513 (35.8%) cases without hyperlipidemia and 6309 (64.2%) cases with hyperlipidemia. Based on a mixed-effect Cox model after PSM at 1:1 ratio, hyperlipidemia was not associated with increased or decreased 28-day all-cause death [adjusted hazard ratio (


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , COVID-19/therapy , Cardiovascular Diseases/complications , Case-Control Studies , Cause of Death , China/epidemiology , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/complications , Female , Hospitalization , Humans , Hyperlipidemias/complications , Male , Middle Aged , Propensity Score , Proportional Hazards Models , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879127

ABSTRACT

As a traditional Chinese medicine, Chinese dragon's blood has multiple effects, such as activating blood to remove blood stasis, softening and dispelling stagnation, astringent and hemostasis, clearing swelling and relieving pain, regulating menstruation and rectifying the blood, so it is called "an effective medicine of promoting blood circulation". It has been widely used clinically to treat a variety of diseases. With the further research on Chinese dragon's blood, its anti-tumor medicinal value is gradually emerging. Modern pharmacological studies have shown that Chinese dragon's blood exerts anti-tumor effects mainly by inhibiting cell proliferation, inducing apoptosis, inducing DNA damage and cell cycle arrest, inducing senescence and autophagy of tumor cells, inhibiting metastasis and angiogenesis, as well as reversing multidrug resistance. This article focuses on the research progress on anti-tumor effects of Chinese dragon's blood extract and its chemical components, with a view to provide new references for the in-depth research and reasonable utilization of Chinese dragon's blood.


Subject(s)
China , Dracaena , Female , Plant Extracts , Resins, Plant
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879036

ABSTRACT

Astragali Radix is one of traditional Chinese medicines with effects in invigorating Qi for consolidating superficies, inducing diuresis to alleviate edema, promoting pus discharge and tissue regeneration. In recent years, the traditional Chinese medicine fermentation technology has received extensive attentions due to its high efficiency and safety. The pharmacological functions of traditional Chinese medicines could be further enhanced after microbial fermentation, which has a broad development prospects. In this paper, we summarized relevant literatures of Astragali Radix fermentation in such aspects as fermentation strains, fermentation forms, process optimization, active ingredients and pharmacological effects, in the expectation of providing a reference for development and utilization of Astragali Radix.


Subject(s)
Astragalus Plant , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Fermentation , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Plant Roots
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888140

ABSTRACT

This study was mainly based on the compatibility of Puerariae Lobatae Radix and Chuanxiong Rhizoma to prepare submicron emulsion and evaluated its physical and pharmaceutical properties. Firstly, pseudo-ternary phase diagrams were drawn by dripping method which took Chuanxiong oil as the oil phase and the area of microemulsion region as the index. On this basis, suitable emulsifier and co-emulsifier were screened for the preparation of Chuanxiong oil submicron emulsion. Then, the formula realizing the largest oil loading was selected. Finally, puerarin substituted part of emulsifier and co-emulsifier to lower their content, so as to form puerarin-Chuanxiong oil submicron emulsion featuring the combination of medicine and adjuvant. Its particle size, zeta potential, centrifugal stability and storage stability were determined, and the in vitro drug release behavior was investigated by dialysis bag method, based on which the quality of the as-prepared submicron emulsion was evaluated comprehensively. The proposed method was proved feasible for the preparation of Chuanxiong oil submicron emulsion, which adopted polyoxyethylene castor oil(EL-40) as the emulsifier and was free from co-emulsifier. The formula of the maximum oil loading was found as Chuanxiong oil∶EL-40∶water 3∶7∶90. Further, puera-rin successfully replaced up to 10% of the emulsifier in submicron emulsion. Eventually, the optimal drug-loading formula was determined as puerarin∶Chuanxiong oil∶EL-40∶water 7∶30∶63∶900. The quality evaluation results of the as-prepared submicron emulsion demonstrated that the average emulsion droplet size was 333.9 nm, the PDI 0.26, and the zeta potential-10.12 mV. The submicron emulsion had a good centrifugal stability and did not present any instable phenomena such as delamination and precipitation during its standing still for 50 days. The evaluation of in vitro drug release behavior indicated that the submicron emulsion was capable of releasing the drug completely. The puerarin-chuanxiong oil submicron emulsion prepared in this study possessed a stable quality and to some extent increased the solubility of puerarin along with a sustained-release effect. This study provided ideas for the clinical application of puerarin.


Subject(s)
Emulsions , Isoflavones , Particle Size , Solubility
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888137

ABSTRACT

This paper explored the ecologically suitable areas for growing Scutellaria baicalensis using Geographic Information System for Global Medicinal Plants(GMPGIS), to figure out the resource distribution of S. baicalensis worldwide and provide a scientific basis for its scientific introduction. A total of 349 S. baicalensis sampling sites were selected all over the world for GMPGIS-based analy-sis of the ecologically suitable areas with six ecological factors including annual average temperature, average temperature during the coldest season, average temperature during the warmest season, average annual precipitation, average annual relative humidity, and annual average illumination and soil type as the ecological indexes. The results demonstrated that the ecologically suitable areas for growing S. baicalensis were mostly located in the Northern hemisphere, and the suitable areas in the United States, China, and Russia accounted for 19.25%, 18.66%, and 13.15% of the total area worldwide, respectively. In China, the Inner Mongolia, Heilongjiang province, and Yunnan province occupied the largest proportions of the total area, namely 14.28%, 8.72%, and 6.18%, respectively. As revealed by ecological factors of each sampling site, S. baicalensis was resistant to low temperature but not to high temperature. The adaptive range of average annual precipitation is narrower than that of average annual air humidity. The suitable soils were mainly inceptisol, alfisol, and fluvisol. High temperature and rainy climate or excessively high soil bulk density was not conducive to the growth of S. baicalensis. The adoption of GMPGIS enabled to obtain areas with the greatest ecological similarity for S. baicalensis, which were reliable data supporting the exploration of resource distribution and reasonable introduction of S. baicalensis.


Subject(s)
China , Climate , Plants, Medicinal , Scutellaria baicalensis , Soil
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912646

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the orthodontic treatment of adult severe periodontal disease.Methods:Twenty patients with periodontal disease requiring orthodontic treatment from 2015 to 2017 were selected for systemic periodontal treatment before orthodontic treatment. There were 6 male and 14 female patients aged from 55 to 68 years with average of 62 years.Results:After the orthodontic treatment for 20 to 28 months, the relaxation of the teeth were improved, and the periodontal pocket was disappeared, and the periodontal tissue and alveolar bone conditions were significantly improved, and the biting was better, and the profile of the patients were more satisfactory than before.Conclusion:The orthodontic treatment significantly improves the health of the periodontal tissue, which is a very effective treatment method.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911983

ABSTRACT

In this study, we reported a patient with neonatal-onset Schaaf-Yang syndrome (SYS). The girl was the second singleton child of a healthy, nonconsanguineous couple. She suffered from hypoxic asphyxia at birth and soon developed persistent respiratory distress. She was also diagnosed with neonatal encephalopathy, congenital heart disease, pneumonia, sepsis, neonatal jaundice, congenital laryngeal achondroplasia, and paralysis of vocal cord were diagnosed after admission. She spent the first one month of life in the neonatal intensive care unit and was treated with mechanical ventilation, nutritional support and anti-infectives. Then the baby was discharged as her parents' request and died of respiratory failure at the age of 2 months. Whole exome sequencing detected, a heterozygous nonsense mutation of c.1912C>T(p.Q638X) in MAGEL2 in the fetus, which was inherited from her father but not found in her mother.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL