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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911931

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the optimal gestational weight gain (GWG) in dichorionic twin pregnancies.Methods:We conducted a retrospective analysis on 755 uncomplicated dichorionic twin pregnancies delivered at Peking University Third Hospital from August 2011 to December 2019. All participants were classified into three groups according to their pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI), including underweight (BMI<18.5 kg/m 2, n=40), normal weight (BMI=18.5-24 kg/m 2, n=509), and overweight/obese (BMI≥24 kg/m 2, n=206) groups. Gestational BMI, rate of assisted reproduction, and the velocity of GWG were compared between the three groups using analysis of variance, Chi-square test and Kruskal-Wallis test. Regression model of GWG with the increase of gestational weeks was established using random effects model combined with restricted cubic spline to evaluate the percentiles of maternal weight gain during 4-39 gestational weeks. Results:The median of total GWG in the underweight, normal weight, and overweight/obese groups were noted for 17.0 (15.0-20.5) kg, 17.0 (14.0-21.0) kg, and 15.0 (12.0-20.0) kg, respectively, which decreased with the increase of pre-pregnancy BMI ( χ 2=11.974, P=0.002). The regression model fit well with the weight gain during different gestational weeks, which revealed that the weight gain was slow before 13 weeks of gestation, and kept at a steady speed thereafter, regardless of the pre-pregnancy BMI. The median and quartile ( P25- P75) of weight gain were 17.6 (15.2-20.3) kg, 17.3 (14.7-20.2) kg, and 15.7 (12.9-18.8) kg at 37 weeks in the underweight, normal weight, and overweight/obese groups, respectively. Conclusions:GWG of twin pregnancy changes slowly in the first trimester, and increases at a constant rate after the second trimester regardless of pre-pregnant BMI. Overweight/obese pregnancies have lower GWG.

2.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 457-462, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909891

ABSTRACT

Objective:To detect the common pathogenic bacteria in rat wounds using electronic nose so as to explore the feasibility of electronic nose for rapid screening of pathogenic bacteria in clinic.Methods:The wound was cutted from the left and right side of the psoas muscle of 45 SD rats. The type of standard bacterial fluids applied to the wound was divided into Staphylococcus aureus group, Escherichia coli group, Pseudomonas aeruginosa group, Acinetobacter baumannii group and Klebsiella pneumoniae group according to the random number table, with 9 mice per group. Three days later, the wound pus was sent to culture. Five standard bacterial fluids were detected by electronic nose, and the overall recognition rate and individual recognition rate of standard bacterial fluids were calculated by neural network (BP). The wound pus in each group was detected by electronic nose to visually compare the overlap degree of the radar map of the wound pus with the standard bacterial fluid characteristic radar map. The detection rate of wound pus in each group by electronic nose was compared. The wound pus in each group was submitted for examination, and the clinical detection rate of wound pus in each group was compared. The consistency was compared between electronic nose test and clinical test.Results:The overall BP identification rate of five standard bacteria liquid was 93.2%. The BP single identification rate of the Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae reached over 99.0%, and was more than 88.0% for Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Acinetobacter baumannii. The radar pattern of wound pus was highly overlapped with the characteristics of radar pattern of standard bacterial fluid. The detection rate of wound pus by electronic nose was the highest (100.0%) in Pseudomonas aeruginosa group and Escherichia coli group, followed by 88.9% in Klebsiella pneumoniae group and 72.2% in Pseudomonas aeruginosa group and Acinetobacter baumannii group. Using electronic nose, the detection rate in Pseudomonas aeruginosa group and Acinetobacter baumannii group was significantly different from that in Staphylococcus aureus group and Escherichia coli group ( P<0.05). The clinical detection rate of wound pus was 100.0% in Staphylococcus aureus group, Escherichia coli group and Klebsiella pneumoniae group, 94.4% in Pseudomonas aeruginosa group and 66.7% in Acinetobacter baumannii group. The clinical detection rate in Acinetobacter baumannii group differed significantly compared to that in Staphylococcus aureus group, Escherichia coli group and Klebsiella pneumoniae group ( P<0.05), while there was no significant difference between Acinetobacter baumannii group and Pseudomonas aeruginosa group ( P>0.05). Comparison of detection rate of wound pus between electronic nose and clinic examination showed a Kappa coefficient of 0.475. Conclusions:The animal wound pus detected by electronic nose can obtain a feature map with high repeatability compared to the standard bacterial fluid. The electronic nose detection has a medium degree of consistency with clinical detection, providing an experimental basis for the feasibility of using electronic nose to rapidly screen types of pathogenic bacteria.

3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922412

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To study the effect of surgical treatment on prognosis in preterm infants with obstructive hydrocephalus.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed on the medical data of 49 preterm infants with obstructive hydrocephalus. According to the treatment regimen, they were divided into two groups: surgical treatment (@*RESULTS@#Among the 49 preterm infants with obstructive hydrocephalus, severe intracranial hemorrhage (37 cases; 76%) and central nervous system infection (10 cases, 20%) were the main causes of hydrocephalus. There was no significant difference in the composition of etiology between the two groups (@*CONCLUSIONS@#Surgical treatment can improve the survival rate of preterm infants with obstructive hydrocephalus and the prognosis of preterm infants with severe intracranial hemorrhage.


Subject(s)
Cerebral Hemorrhage , Humans , Hydrocephalus/surgery , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Infant, Premature , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
4.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2421-2429, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921176

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Empiric therapy for patients with unexplained recurrent pregnancy loss (URPL) is not precise. Some patients will ask for assisted reproductive technology due to secondary infertility or advanced maternal age. The clinical outcomes of URPL patients who have undergone in vitro fertilization-embryo transfer (IVF-ET) require elucidation. The IVF outcome and influencing factors of URPL patients need further study.@*METHODS@#A retrospective cohort study was designed, and 312 infertile patients with URPL who had been treated during January 2012 to December 2015 in the Reproduction Center of Peking University Third Hospital were included. By comparing clinical outcomes between these patients and those with tubal factor infertility (TFI), the factors affecting the clinical outcomes of URPL patients were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The clinical pregnancy rate (35.18% vs. 34.52% in fresh ET cycles, P = 0.877; 34.48% vs. 40.27% in frozen-thawed ET cycles, P = 0.283) and live birth rate (LBR) in fresh ET cycles (27.67% vs. 26.59%, P = 0.785) were not significantly different between URPL group and TFI group. URPL group had lower LBR in frozen-thawed ET cycles than that of TFI group (23.56% vs. 33.56%, P = 0.047), but the cumulative LBRs (34.69% vs. 38.26%, P = 0.368) were not significantly different between the two groups. The increased endometrial thickness (EMT) on the human chorionic gonadotropin day (odds ratio [OR]: 0.848, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.748-0.962, P = 0.010) and the increased number of eggs retrieved (OR: 0.928, 95% CI: 0.887-0.970, P = 0.001) were protective factors for clinical pregnancy in stimulated cycles. The increased number of eggs retrieved (OR: 0.875, 95% CI: 0.846-0.906, P < 0.001), the increased two-pronucleus rate (OR: 0.151, 95% CI: 0.052-0.437, P < 0.001), and increased EMT (OR: 0.876, 95% CI: 0.770-0.997, P = 0.045) in ET day were protective factors for the cumulative live birth outcome.@*CONCLUSION@#After matching ages, no significant differences in clinical outcomes were found between the patients with URPL and the patients with TFI. A thicker endometrium and more retrieved oocytes increase the probability of pregnancy in fresh transfer cycles, but a better normal fertilization potential will increase the possibility of a live birth.


Subject(s)
Abortion, Habitual , Embryo Transfer , Female , Fertilization in Vitro , Humans , Pregnancy , Pregnancy Rate , Retrospective Studies
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879003

ABSTRACT

Arecae Semen, as the first place among "Four South Medicines" in China, has great dual-use value of medicine and food. The research of Arecae Semen was mainly focused on the active ingredients and efficacy value, and its potential safety hazards were also concerned. Until now, there is still a lack of clear boundaries between medicine and food, resulting in its safety cannot be guaranteed. Therefore, it is of great significance to establish clear boundaries of medicine and food use and health risk assessment. In this paper, the differences of pretreatment and application methods of Arecae Semen were analyzed, and the research progress of Arecae Semen in chemical composition identification and toxicology research and safety evaluation were reviewed emphatically. Finally, the differences of quality control and safety evaluation of Arecae Semen in pharmacopoeias or standards were analyzed at home and abroad. It was expected to provide reference value for quality control, safety evaluation and international standardization research of Arecae Semen.


Subject(s)
Areca , China , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/adverse effects , Seeds , Semen
6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878330

ABSTRACT

Objective@#Prior pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) on chest X-ray (CXR) was commonly found in infertile patients receiving examinations before @*Method@#We conducted a retrospective cohort study of 14,254 infertile patients who had received IVF-ET at Peking University Third Hospital in 2017. Prior PTB was defined as the presence of signs suggestive of old or inactive PTB on CXR, with or without a clinical TB history. Patients who had prior PTB on CXR but had not received a clinical diagnosis and anti-TB therapy were included for analysis. Live birth, clinical pregnancy, and miscarriage rates were compared between the untreated PTB and non-PTB groups.@*Results@#The untreated PTB group had significantly lower clinical pregnancy (31.7% @*Conclusions@#Untreated PTB was associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes after IVF-ET, especially in patients with unexplained infertility, highlighting the clinical significance of PTB in this specific patient population.


Subject(s)
Abortion, Spontaneous/epidemiology , Adult , China/epidemiology , Embryo Transfer/statistics & numerical data , Female , Fertilization in Vitro/statistics & numerical data , Humans , Infertility, Female/etiology , Live Birth/epidemiology , Middle Aged , Pregnancy , Pregnancy Complications, Infectious/epidemiology , Pregnancy Outcome/epidemiology , Radiography, Thoracic , Retrospective Studies , Tuberculosis, Pulmonary/epidemiology , Young Adult
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-787741

ABSTRACT

To evaluate the exported risk of novel coronavirus pneumonia (NCP) from Hubei Province and the imported risk in various provinces across China. Data of reported NCP cases and Baidu Migration Indexin all provinces of the country as of February 14, 2020 were collected. The correlation analysis between cumulative number of reported cases and the migration index from Hubei was performed, and the imported risks from Hubei to different provinces across China were further evaluated. A total of 49 970 confirmed cases were reported nationwide, of which 37 884 were in Hubei Province. The average daily migration index from Hubei to other provinces was 312.09, Wuhan and other cities in Hubei were 117.95 and 194.16, respectively. The cumulative NCP cases of provinces was positively correlated with the migration index derived from Hubei province, also in Wuhan and other cities in Hubei, with correlation coefficients of 0.84, 0.84, and 0.81. In linear model, population migration from Hubei Province, Wuhan and other cities in Hubei account for 71.2%, 70.1%, and 66.3% of the variation, respectively. The period of high exported risk from Hubei occurred before January 27, of which the risks before January 23 mainly came from Wuhan, and then mainly from other cities in Hubei. Hunan Province, Henan Province and Guangdong Province ranked the top three in terms of cumulative imported risk (the cumulative risk indices were 58.61, 54.75 and 49.62 respectively). The epidemic in each province was mainly caused by the importation of Hubei Province. Taking measures such as restricting the migration of population in Hubei Province and strengthening quarantine measures for immigrants from Hubei Province may greatly reduce the risk of continued spread of the epidemic.

8.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 42-48, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872448

ABSTRACT

Objective:To systematically evaluate the efficacy and safety of CT-guided percutaneous lung puncture biopsy versus ultrasound-guided percutaneous lung puncture biopsy.Methods:Relevant domestic and foreign related databases such as PubMed, Web of Science, Cochrane Library, OVID, China Biology Medicine, VIP, Wanfang and CNKI databases were searched, the randomized controlled trial about the applications of CT-guided and ultrasound-guided percutaneous lung puncture biopsy were collected. After extracting the relevant data, a Meta-analysis was performed using RevMan 5.2 and Stata softwares.Results:Ten studies met the inclusion criteria, with a total sample size of 1 158 cases, of which 635 were CT-guided puncture biopsy and 523 were ultrasound-guided puncture biopsy. Meta-analysis showed that the difference of the success rate between the CT-guided group and the ultrasound-guided group was not statistically significant [97.48% (619/635) vs. 96.56% (505/523), RR= 1.01, 95% CI 0.99-1.03, P= 0.360]; the puncture diagnosis rate in the CT-guided group was lower than in the ultrasound-guided group, and the difference was statistically significant [92.44% (619/635) vs. 96.56% (505/523), RR= 0.97, 95% CI 0.94-0.99, P= 0.007]. The total incidence of complications after puncture in the CT-guided group was higher than that in the ultrasound-guided group, and the difference was statistically significant [14.49% (92/635) vs. 9.56% (50/523), RR= 1.56, 95% CI 1.11-2.19, P= 0.010]; the incidence of pneumothorax after puncture in the CT-guided group was higher than that in the ultrasound-guided group, and the difference was statistically significant [11.50%(73/635) vs. 6.31% (33/523), RR= 1.77, 95% CI 1.17-2.68, P= 0.007]; the difference of the incidence of bleeding after puncture between the CT-guided group and the ultrasound-guided group was not statistically significant [2.99% (19/635) vs. 3.25% (17/523), RR= 1.08, 95% CI 0.59-1.98, P= 0.800]. Conclusions:Both CT-guided and ultrasound-guided percutaneous lung puncture biopsy have good clinical diagnostic value. However, for the intrapulmonary masses shown by ultrasound, the ultrasound-guided lung puncture biopsy has a shorter operation time, lower cost, and higher safety.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869253

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the report quality and study characteristics of randomized controlled trials (RCT) published in the Chinese Journal of Health Management.Methods:All studies published in the Chinese Journal of Health Management from January 2007 to July 2019 were retrieved via Wanfang data. Two researchers screened the articles strictly according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria independently. Based on the Consolidated Standards of Reporting Trials (CONSORT) statement 2010, the report quality and characteristics of the articles (including the type of participants, recruiting site, interventions, outcome measure, etc.) were extracted and summarized. Then the report quality, study characteristics were analysed among three periods based on the publishing date (2008—2011 , 2012—2015 , 2016—2019). Results:Titles, abstracts, and full text manuscripts were screened against inclusion criteria by two independent reviewers and 57 studies were included. There were 13/25 items of the CONSORT statement were fulfilled completely, the other 8/25 items were partly fulfilled, and the else 4/25 items were not met the standards in these studies. There was statistically significant difference in the description ratio of ‘randomization sequence generation’ (16.7% vs. 47.6% vs. 66.7%), foundation (25.0% vs. 33.3% vs. 75.0%) and informed consent (50.0% vs. 76.2% vs. 100.0%) during the three periods (all P<0.05). There was no statistically significant difference in the proportion of chronic diseases (58.3% vs. 85.7% vs. 66.7%), the description ratio of participant flow (41.7% vs. 33.3% vs. 75.0%) and baseline data (83.3% vs. 95.2% vs. 100.0%) in the studies from different periods, however, the description situation of participant flow and baseline data has been improved along the time. Conclusion:According to the CONSORT statement, it is found that the quality of research in health management still needs to be improved, especially in the concealment of randomization and trial registration.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-864350

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of teach-back on the compliance of mouth-opening training in patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma after radiotherapy.Methods:Eighty patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma in the First Affiliated Hospital of Gannan Medical University were selected. They were divided into intervention group and control group according to the random number table method. The intervention group used the teach-back method for health education, and the control group used conventional methods for health education. The knowledge mastery of mouth-opening training, the degree of compliance with mouth-opening training and the difficulty of mouth opening were compared between the two groups.Results:Within 1 week of the intervention group, the complete mastery rate, partial mastery rate, and unmastered rate was 77.5% (31/40), 17.5% (7/40), and 5.0% (2/40), respectively, within 2 weeks, that was 97.5% (39/40), 2.5% (1/40), 0. Within 1 week of the control group was 65.0% (26/40), 10.0% (4/40), 25.0% (10/40), respectively, within 2 weeks, that was 75.0% (30/40), 20.0% (8/40), and 5.0% (2/40). The knowledge mastery of mouth-opening training in the intervention group was higher than that in the control group within 1 week and 2 weeks, and the difference between the two groups was statistically significant ( χ2=6.590, 8.618, P<0.05). At the end of radiotherapy, the complete compliance rate, partial compliance rate, and non-compliance rate of the intervention group was 90.0% (36/40), 10.0% (4/40), 0, respectively. After 3 months of radiotherapy, the rate was 75.0% (30/40), 22.5% (9/40), 2.5% (1/40). At the end of 6 months of radiotherapy, the rate was 60.0% (24/40),30.0% (12/40) and 10.0% (4/40). At the end of the radiotherapy, the control group was 70.0% (28/40), 20.0% (8/40), and 10.0% (4/40), respectively. After 3 months of radiotherapy, the rate was 40.0% (16/40), 45.0% (18/40) and 15.0% (6/40). After 6 months of radiotherapy, the rate was 20.0% (4/40), 40.0% (16/40), and 40.0% (16/40). The compliance of the intervention group at the end of radiotherapy, 3 months after radiotherapy, and 6 months after radiotherapy was higher than that of the control group, and the difference between the two groups was statistically significant ( χ2=5.986, 10.615, 15.771, P<0.05 or 0.01). In the intervention group, the incidence of Ⅰ degree, Ⅱ degree, Ⅲ degree and Ⅳ degree difficulty of mouth opening after 6 months of radiotherapy was 10.0% (4/40), 5.0% (2/40), 0, 0, respectively, and the control group was 15.0% (6/40), 15.0% (6/40), 2.5% (1/40), 2.5% (1/40), the incidence of difficulty of mouth opening of the intervention group was lower than that of the control group, and the difference between the two groups was statistically significant ( Z=15.737, P<0.01). Conclusions:Teach-back can effectively improve the mastery of patients′ mouth-opening training knowledge and the compliance of mouth-opening training, which is beneficial to reduce the incidence of mouth-opening difficulties in patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma. It is worthy of clinical promotion.

11.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 42-48, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799302

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To systematically evaluate the efficacy and safety of CT-guided percutaneous lung puncture biopsy versus ultrasound-guided percutaneous lung puncture biopsy.@*Methods@#Relevant domestic and foreign related databases such as PubMed, Web of Science, Cochrane Library, OVID, China Biology Medicine, VIP, Wanfang and CNKI databases were searched, the randomized controlled trial about the applications of CT-guided and ultrasound-guided percutaneous lung puncture biopsy were collected. After extracting the relevant data, a Meta-analysis was performed using RevMan 5.2 and Stata softwares.@*Results@#Ten studies met the inclusion criteria, with a total sample size of 1 158 cases, of which 635 were CT-guided puncture biopsy and 523 were ultrasound-guided puncture biopsy. Meta-analysis showed that the difference of the success rate between the CT-guided group and the ultrasound-guided group was not statistically significant [97.48% (619/635) vs. 96.56% (505/523), RR= 1.01, 95% CI 0.99-1.03, P= 0.360]; the puncture diagnosis rate in the CT-guided group was lower than in the ultrasound-guided group, and the difference was statistically significant [92.44% (619/635) vs. 96.56% (505/523), RR= 0.97, 95% CI 0.94-0.99, P= 0.007]. The total incidence of complications after puncture in the CT-guided group was higher than that in the ultrasound-guided group, and the difference was statistically significant [14.49% (92/635) vs. 9.56% (50/523), RR= 1.56, 95% CI 1.11-2.19, P= 0.010]; the incidence of pneumothorax after puncture in the CT-guided group was higher than that in the ultrasound-guided group, and the difference was statistically significant [11.50%(73/635) vs. 6.31% (33/523), RR= 1.77, 95% CI 1.17-2.68, P= 0.007]; the difference of the incidence of bleeding after puncture between the CT-guided group and the ultrasound-guided group was not statistically significant [2.99% (19/635) vs. 3.25% (17/523), RR= 1.08, 95% CI 0.59-1.98, P= 0.800].@*Conclusions@#Both CT-guided and ultrasound-guided percutaneous lung puncture biopsy have good clinical diagnostic value. However, for the intrapulmonary masses shown by ultrasound, the ultrasound-guided lung puncture biopsy has a shorter operation time, lower cost, and higher safety.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799193

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the effect of teach-back on the compliance of mouth-opening training in patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma after radiotherapy.@*Methods@#Eighty patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma in the First Affiliated Hospital of Gannan Medical University were selected. They were divided into intervention group and control group according to the random number table method. The intervention group used the teach-back method for health education, and the control group used conventional methods for health education. The knowledge mastery of mouth-opening training, the degree of compliance with mouth-opening training and the difficulty of mouth opening were compared between the two groups.@*Results@#Within 1 week of the intervention group, the complete mastery rate, partial mastery rate, and unmastered rate was 77.5% (31/40), 17.5% (7/40), and 5.0% (2/40), respectively, within 2 weeks, that was 97.5% (39/40), 2.5% (1/40), 0. Within 1 week of the control group was 65.0% (26/40), 10.0% (4/40), 25.0% (10/40), respectively, within 2 weeks, that was 75.0% (30/40), 20.0% (8/40), and 5.0% (2/40). The knowledge mastery of mouth-opening training in the intervention group was higher than that in the control group within 1 week and 2 weeks, and the difference between the two groups was statistically significant (χ2=6.590, 8.618, P<0.05). At the end of radiotherapy, the complete compliance rate, partial compliance rate, and non-compliance rate of the intervention group was 90.0% (36/40), 10.0% (4/40), 0, respectively. After 3 months of radiotherapy, the rate was 75.0% (30/40), 22.5% (9/40), 2.5% (1/40). At the end of 6 months of radiotherapy, the rate was 60.0% (24/40),30.0% (12/40) and 10.0% (4/40). At the end of the radiotherapy, the control group was 70.0% (28/40), 20.0% (8/40), and 10.0% (4/40), respectively. After 3 months of radiotherapy, the rate was 40.0% (16/40), 45.0% (18/40) and 15.0% (6/40). After 6 months of radiotherapy, the rate was 20.0% (4/40), 40.0% (16/40), and 40.0% (16/40). The compliance of the intervention group at the end of radiotherapy, 3 months after radiotherapy, and 6 months after radiotherapy was higher than that of the control group, and the difference between the two groups was statistically significant (χ2=5.986, 10.615, 15.771, P<0.05 or 0.01). In the intervention group, the incidence of Ⅰ degree, Ⅱ degree, Ⅲ degree and Ⅳ degree difficulty of mouth opening after 6 months of radiotherapy was 10.0% (4/40), 5.0% (2/40), 0, 0, respectively, and the control group was 15.0% (6/40), 15.0% (6/40), 2.5% (1/40), 2.5% (1/40), the incidence of difficulty of mouth opening of the intervention group was lower than that of the control group, and the difference between the two groups was statistically significant (Z=15.737, P<0.01).@*Conclusions@#Teach-back can effectively improve the mastery of patients′ mouth-opening training knowledge and the compliance of mouth-opening training, which is beneficial to reduce the incidence of mouth-opening difficulties in patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma. It is worthy of clinical promotion.

13.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1285-1291, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827644

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Human epididymis secretory protein 4 (HE4) is a new ovarian cancer biomarker. The factors influencing HE4 levels are not clear, and the reference data in China are limited. Here, we aim to evaluate the effects of menopause and age on HE4 levels and to provide a possible reference value for HE4 in healthy Chinese people.@*METHODS@#A total of 2493 healthy females aged 40 years or older were recruited from March 2013 to March 2017 with the cooperation of four medical institutions across Beijing, China. The serum levels of HE4 and cancer antigen 125 (CA125) were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The Wilcoxon rank-sum test of variance and a stratified analysis were used to analyze the relationships among age, menopausal status, and levels of HE4 or CA125. Confidence intervals (5%-95%) were determined for reference ranges in different populations.@*RESULTS@#There was a statistically significant difference in median HE4 levels between the post-menopausal (n = 2168) and pre-menopausal groups (n = 325) (36.46 vs. 24.04 pmol/L, Z = -14.41, P < 0.001). HE4 increased significantly with age in the post-menopausal groups (H = 408.18, P < 0.001) but not in the pre-menopausal subjects (Z = -0.43, P = 0.67). The upper 95th percentile of HE4 levels were 44.63 pmol/L for pre-menopausal women, 78.17 pmol/L for post-menopausal women, and 73.3 pmol/L for all women. In the post-menopausal population, the HE4 reference ranges were 13.15 to 47.31, 14.31 to 58.04, 17.06 to 73.51, 24.50 to 115.25, and 35.71 to 212.37 pmol/L for different age groups from forty divided by decade. The CA125 level was affected mainly by menopausal status and not age.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Menopausal status and age were both important factors influencing the level of HE4, and age affected HE4 levels mainly in post-menopausal women. The HE4 level was higher in the post-menopausal population than in the pre-menopausal population and increased with age.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775851

ABSTRACT

The literature study and physical measurement were adopted to analyze the origin and relevant texture information of a box of French golden acupuncture needles stored in Yunnan University of CM. In 1901 the French vice-consul George Soulié de Morant went to China, based on his Chinese linguistic skills, he studied with several Chinese medicine masters during that time. After returning to France, he researched clinic acupuncture with western medical doctors and published articles and books on it, which led him to be a Nobel Prize nominee. He made a box of acupuncture needles, collected by Yunnan University of CM, in which nine needles made by the gold-copper and silver-zinc alloy, decorated with ruby and sapphire representing tonification and dispersion. The parameter of material, thickness and length match well to the description in (). Being the golden box with needles of its kind in the whole world, it has more value of medicine, education, historical and cultural relics than jewellery, which is the wisdom and innovation stimulated by ancient Chinese medical theory in the western world.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture , Acupuncture Therapy , History , Books , China , History, 20th Century , Moxibustion , Needles
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-691244

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the changes in mitochondrial calcium and extracellular sodium concentrations in the masseter muscle of rats with occlusal interference and the regulatory mechanism of mitochondrial Ca overload by calmodulin kinase II (CaMK II).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>SD rat models of occlusal interference were established by placing a stainless steel segments (0.8 mm in diameter) to raise the occlusal surface of the upper right first molar. At 3, 7, 14, and 21 days after occlusal interference and at 3 days after removal of occlusal interference, HE staining was used to observe the histomorphological changes of the masseter muscle. Mitochondrial calcium concentration in the masseter muscle was detected using fluorescence spectrophotometry, and direct turbidimetry with potassium pyroantimonate was used to detect the extracellular sodium concentration; the expression levels of masseter muscle p-CaMK II (Thr287) and CaMK II were detected using Western blotting.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Compared with those in the corresponding control groups, mitochondrial Ca concentration in the masseter muscle on occlusal interference side increased significantly at 3, 7, 14 and 21 days after occlusal interference (P<0.05), but was significantly lowered at 3 days after removal of the interference (P<0.05). The concentration of extracellular Na increased progressively with time at 3, 7, 14 and 21 days after occlusal interference (P<0.05), and was significantly decreased at 3 days after interference removal (P<0.05). Occlusal interference for 3, 7 and 14 days resulted in significantly increased expressions of p-CaMK II (Thr287) and CaMK II (P<0.05), which was significantly decreased at 21 days compared with those in the control groups (P<0.05) and further decreased after removal of occlusal interference (P<0.05). Similar changes were also observed on the side without interference, but the changes on the interference side were more obvious (P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Occlusal interference causes elevated mitochondrial Ca and extracellular Na concentrations in the masseter muscle of rats to lead to calcium overload; the increase in mitochondrial Ca concentration is correlated with the phosphorylation level of CaMK II signaling pathway, suggesting a negative feedback regulation mechanism by the CaMK II signal pathway.</p>

16.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 638-642, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-690563

ABSTRACT

<p><b>Background</b>Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is the most frequently performed procedure in treating advanced knee osteoarthritis. Excessive perioperative blood loss can sometimes lead to postoperative anemia. Tranexamic acid (TXA) is a potent fibrinolysis inhibitor which has been extensively used at the surgical incision and closure to lower overall blood loss in adult reconstruction surgery. Our previous study suggested that about two-thirds of the total blood loss (TBL) came from hidden blood loss (HBL) on postoperative days 1 and 2. The role of reducing HBL with TXA administration in postoperative TKA patients is unknown. The current study was designed to evaluate the efficiency and safety of supplemental intravenous (IV) TXA in further reducing HBL after primary TKA.</p><p><b>Methods</b>A prospective pilot study was conducted at a single institution on 43 consecutive patients who underwent unilateral TKA from September 2014 to February 2015. All patients were given 1 g of IV TXA 10-15 min before operation and another 1 g of IV TXA at the time of wound closure on the day of surgery. On postoperative days 1 and 2, the supplemental group (n = 21) was given additional 1 g of TXA intravenously twice a day, whereas the control group (n = 22) received an equal volume of saline. Drain output, hemoglobin (Hb), and hematocrit (HCT) were recorded preoperatively and 5 consecutive days postoperatively in both groups. HBL was calculated with the Gross formula. Pre- and post-operative lower extremity Doppler venous ultrasound was performed in all patients to detect deep vein thrombosis (DVT). The indexes were compared using the Mann-Whitney test, whereas the results of Hb and HCT were analyzed by repeated-measures analysis of variance. The difference was considered statistically significant if P < 0.05.</p><p><b>Results</b>The demographics and surgical characteristics of the two groups were comparable. Supplemental group had higher Hb level on postoperative days 1-5 compared to the control; however, the difference was not significant (F = 2.732, P = 0.106). The HCT of the supplemental group was significantly higher than that of the control group on postoperative day 5 (F = 5.254, P = 0.027). No significant difference was found in drainage volume and TBL, but the HBL was reduced in the supplemental group (supplemental 133.1 [71.8, 287.3] ml and control 296.0 [185.3, 421.4] ml, Z = 2.478, P = 0.013, median [interquartile range]). There was one DVT in the control group and none in the supplemental group. All patients were followed at 1 year after surgery, and no further complications were reported.</p><p><b>Conclusion</b>Based on the current study, additional doses of IV TXA could potentially further reduce HBL after primary TKA without increasing the risk of venous thromboembolism.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee , Blood Loss, Surgical , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Pilot Projects , Prospective Studies , Tranexamic Acid , Therapeutic Uses
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-665036

ABSTRACT

Objective To select the optimum process of granule spray for Tangwang Mingmu Granules, To improve the yield and finished product quality. Methods The effects of the relative density, the type of excipients, the ratio of the extract and the excipient, the inlet temperature-the material temperature, the spray rate and the atomization pressure were selected by single factor and orthogonal test respectively to determine the optimum preparation process. Validation for three batch sample, particle flow, hygroscopicity and other related content of the preparation were studied. Results The optimum spray granulation process of Tangwang Mingmu Granules: the relative density of extract (60 ℃ determination) was 1.15–1.20; the excipient was selected as dextrin; the ratio of dry extract and excipient was 58:42; inlet temperature - material temperature was 90-75 ℃; atomization pressure was 0.12 mPa;spray rate was 10 Hz.Conclusion The preparation technology of Tangwang Mingmu Granules optimized in this study is with high preparation rate, good fluidity and hygroscopicity, which can be used for the preparation of Tangwang Mingmu Granules.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-705288

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE o facilitate the basic acquaintance with the bioactive lycodine-type alka-loids biosynthetic pathways, we conducted the transcriptome analysis of L. casuarinoides by illumina sequencing.METHODS The plant of L.casuarinoides was collected and was subjected to RNA isolation, cDNA library construction, and illumina sequencing before bioinformatics analysis. After sequencing, the clean reads were obtained for de novo assembly by using Trinity software,and then further processed with TGICL sequencing clustering software to generate unigenes,The unigenes are aligned by Blast X alignment to six public protein database. In addition, all unigenes are functionally annotated by GO, KEGG and characterized putative genes involved in lycopodium alkaloids biosynthesis. RESULTS In total, 124, 524 high-quality unigenes were obtained with an average sequence length of 601 bp. Among the L. casuarinoides transcripts, 61,304 showed significant similarity (E-value<1 e-5) to the known proteins in the public database.Among the total 124 524 unigenes,47,538 open reading frame (ORFs) were predicted. Based on the bioinformatics analysis, all possible enzymes involved in the Lycodine-type alkaloids biosynthetic pathway of L. casuarinoides were identified, including primary amine oxidase (PAO), and Malonly-CoA decarboxylase. In addition, a total of 64 putative cytochrome P450 (CYP450) and 827 transcription factors were selected as the candidates of Lycodine-type alka-loids modifiers. Furthermore, a total of 13 352 simple sequence repeats (SSRs) were identified from the 124, 524 unigenes, of which dinucleotide motifs AG/CT (50.1%), were the most abundant. CONCLU-SION This transcriptome analysis of L.casuarinoides,provides many valuable candidate genes involv-ing in the biosynthesis of novel secondary metabolites but also lays the foundation for genetic diversity analysis via SSRs markers in L.casuarinoides.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-703158

ABSTRACT

Objective We attempted to investigate optic radiation (OR) injury and visual field mean defect (MD) in patients with hypertensive putaminal hemorrhage by using diffusion tensor imaging (DTI). Methods Thirty-three first onset of patients with hypertensive putaminal hemorrhage and 30 normal healthy control subjects were recruited. DTI data were acquired between 3 and 5 days as well as 3 months after onset. DTI-Studio software was used to reconstruct the OR and examine the degree of OR injury (typeⅠ, Ⅱ, and type Ⅲ). Fractional anisotropies (FA) and apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC)values of the ORs were measured. Statistical analysis was performed to calculate hematoma volume, MD,OR-FA and ADC values by using SPSS 17.0 software. Results FA and ADC values of ORs were not significantly different between the two hemispheres in normal control groups (student t-test, P>0.05). Compared with MD values in control group, the visual field was significantly impaired in patients group (P<0.01). FA and ADC values of ORs were significantly different between two hemispheres in patient group (student t-test, P<0.01). There was no correlation of hematoma volume with OR-FA nor with ADC values nor with MD values (P>0.05). The MD values were correlated with OR-FA and ADC values after onset(P<0.05). MD, FA and ADC values of ORs in the affected hemisphere of the patient group were significantly different for the three OR types between 3 and 5 days as well as 3 months after onset (P<0.01). Conclusion DTI can examine the three-dimensional relationship between hematoma and OR, reflect the changes of OR morphology and predict the degree of visual-field defects.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-702998

ABSTRACT

Objectives To conduct grading comparison for the damage degree of pyramidal tracts after procedure in patients with unilateral hypertensive putamen hemorrhage via transsylvian-transinsular (TS-TI) approach and transcortical transtemporal (TC-TF) approach using magnetic resonance diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) and to evaluate the postoperative recovery of the patients according to the quality criteria of the activities of daily living (ADL),and to identify the advantages and disadvantages of both surgical approaches.Methods Sixty-three consecutive patients with first onset of unilateral hypertensive basal ganglia putamen hemorrhage admitted to Department of Neumlsurgery in Affiliated Hospital of Southwest Medical University of Traditional Chinese Medicine were enrolled prospectively.The volume of hematoma at admission was 26-45 ml.They were randomly divided into group A and group B by random number table.The patients in group A (n =31) were treated via the TS-TI approach,and those of group B (n =32) were treated via the TC-TT approach.The operator was the same surgeon.The patients of rebleeding were excluded (4 in group A,7 in group B),and 52 patients were actually included,including 27 in group A and 25 in group B.The DTI examinations were perforrned 5 to 8 d after procedure.The image data were processed by PHILIPS Extended MR Workspace 2.6.3.4 (EMW 2.6.3.4) software.The bilateral pyramidal tracts were reconstructed,the damage degree of pyramidal tract and its relationship with hematoma and surgical approach were observe respectively.The ADL quality criteria were used to evaluate the recovery at 3 months after procedure.The SPSS 17.0 software was used to conduct rank sum test for the pyramidal tract injury grade after procedure in both groups.The number of rebleeding in the operation areas and the ADL quality criteria evaluation were tested by Chi-squared test.Results There was no significant difference in the postoperative rebleeding rate between group A (12.9%,4/31) and group B (21.9%,7/32) (x2 =0.367,P =0.545).The postoperative pyramidal tract damage degree of group A was better than that of group B.There was significant difference (U =180.00,P =0.004).The comparison of ADL quality evaluation in both groups after procedure showed that the good prognosis rate (81.5%,22/27) of group A after procedure was better than that of group B (56.0%,14/25).There was significant difference (x2 =3.957,P =0.047).Conclusions The three-dimensional relationship between the hematoma lesions and the pyramidal tracts was observed by DTI,the damage degree of the pyramidal tracts were identified.The TS-TI approach was superior to the TC-TF approach in the postoperative damage degree of pyramidal tract and the quality of ADL for the treatment of hypertensive putamen hemorrhage.

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