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1.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 2031-2047, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888849

ABSTRACT

Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a psychiatric disease that seriously affects brain function. Currently, selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) are used to treat PTSD clinically but have decreased efficiency and increased side effects. In this study, nasal cannabidiol inclusion complex temperature-sensitive hydrogels (CBD TSGs) were prepared and evaluated to treat PTSD. Mice model of PTSD was established with conditional fear box. CBD TSGs could significantly improve the spontaneous behavior, exploratory spirit and alleviate tension in open field box, relieve anxiety and tension in elevated plus maze, and reduce the freezing time. Hematoxylin and eosin and c-FOS immunohistochemistry slides showed that the main injured brain areas in PTSD were the prefrontal cortex, amygdala, and hippocampus CA1. CBD TSGs could reduce the level of tumor necrosis factor-

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888213

ABSTRACT

This study aims to overcome the shortcomings such as low efficiency, high cost and difficult to carry out multi-parameter research, which limited the optimization of infusion bag configuration and manufacture technique by experiment method. We put forward a fluid cavity based finite element method, and it could be used to simulate the stress distribution and deformation process of infusion bag under external load. In this paper, numerical models of infusion bag with different sizes was built, and the fluid-solid coupling deformation process was calculated using the fluid cavity method in software ABAQUS subject to the same boundary conditions with the burst test. The peeling strength which was obtained from the peeling adhesion test was used as failure criterion. The calculated resultant force which makes the computed peeling stress reach the peeling strength was compared with experiment data, and the stress distribution was analyzed compared with the rupture process of burst test. The results showed that considering the errors caused by the difference of weak welding and eccentric load, the flow cavity based finite element method can accurately model the stress distribution and deformation process of infusion bag. It could be useful for the optimization of multi chamber infusion bag configuration and manufacture technique, leading to cost reduction and study efficiency improvement.


Subject(s)
Finite Element Analysis , Software , Stress, Mechanical
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883424

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the clinical characteristics and prognosis of children with necrotizing pneumonia (NP) infected by bacteria and Mycoplasma pneumoniae (MP). Methods:The clinical data of 69 children with NP from January 2012 to June 2019 in Dalian Central Hospital Affiliated to Dalian Medical University were retrospectively analyzed. Among them, there were 27 cases of bacterial infection NP (bacterial infection group) and 42 cases of MP infection NP (MP group). The clinical symptoms and signs, extrapulmonary complications, laboratory examination, imaging examination, treatment, outcome and follow-up were compared between 2 groups.Results:There were no significant differences in the rale rate, respiratory tone reduction rate and total fever time between 2 groups ( P>0.05); the incidence of shortness of breath in bacterial infection group was significantly higher than that in MP group: 77.8% (21/27) vs. 14.3% (6/42), and there was statistical difference ( P<0.01). There were no significant differences in the incidence of extrapulmonary complications between 2 groups ( P>0.05). The white blood cell, C-reactive protein (CRP), procalcitonin (PCT) and interleukin (IL) -10 in bacterial infection group were significantly higher than those in MP group, the tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α and interferon (IFN) -γ in bacterial infection group were significantly lower than those in the MP group, and there were statistical differences ( P<0.05). There were no significant differences in neutrophils, lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) and IL-6 between 2 groups ( P>0.05). The time of necrosis in bacterial infection group was significantly earlier than that in MP group: (14.5 ± 4.2) d vs. (21.7 ± 6.4) d, and there was statistical difference ( P<0.05); there was no significant difference in the incidence of pleural effusion between 2 groups ( P>0.05), but the incidence of pleural effusion separation in bacterial infection group was significantly higher than that in MP group: 70.4% (19/27) vs. 2.4% (1/42), and there was statistical difference ( P<0.01). There were no significant differences in antibiotic application time, CRP recovery time and hospital stay between 2 groups ( P>0.05); the oxygen uptake rate and closed thoracic drainage rate in bacterial infection group were significantly higher than those in MP group: 88.9% (24/27) vs. 35.7% (15/42) and 25.9% (7/27) vs. 11.9% (5/42), the recovery times of WBC and PCT in bacterial infection group were significantly longer than that in MP group: (12.8 ± 4.1) d vs. (9.2 ± 2.0) d and (10.5 ± 2.5) d vs. (7.6 ± 1.9) d, the bronchoalveolar lavage rate was significantly higher than that in MP group: 25.9% (7/27) vs. 76.2% (32/42), and there were statistical differences ( P<0.01 or <0.05). There was no significant difference in the absorption time of necrotic lesions between 2 groups ( P>0.05). Conclusions:Compared with MP infection, the clinical process of bacterial infection NP is serious, the necrosis time appears earlier, and the course of disease is longer. However, most of the children with NP can obtain a good prognosis after active symptomatic and antiinfective treatment.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883343

ABSTRACT

Based on binocular disparity, three-dimensional (3D) display technology makes the right and left eyes see different images in a certain way, which generates a stereo image after the processing of the brain's visual cortex.Due to its high-definition stereoscopic surgical field of vision and accurate spatial positioning ability, 3D display technology has been widely used in surgery.Ophthalmic microsurgery is performed with the help of microscope because of the complex intraocular operation and small operating space, especially minimally invasive vitreoretinal surgery, which is the most difficult surgery with the longest learning curve in ophthalmology.The 3D display viewing system can improve surgical accuracy, reduce retinal phototoxicity, relieve the pressure on the neck and back of the surgeon as well as promote communication and cooperation between medical staff and so on.At present, the major 3D display systems applied in ophthalmology include the NGENUITY 3D Visualization System and TrueVision 3D Visualization System, both of which require wearing 3D glasses.The naked eye 3D display system is the main direction of future development.The combination of 3D display system and ophthalmic surgical robot system provides a new idea for the development of remote ophthalmic surgery.At the same time, broader application of 3D display system requires continuous improvement.In this article, the research and application of 3D display system in anterior segment surgery and vitreoretinal surgery were reviewed.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882309

ABSTRACT

Left ventricular noncompaction(LVNC)describes a rare cardiomyopathy of unknown etiology characterized by the presence of prominent trabeculations and deep intertrabecular recesses.It is one of the three major cardiomyopathies among children.LVNC can have different inheritance patterns, including X-linked recessive, autosomal dominant, and mitochondrial inheritance.Mutations in genes encoding sarcomere or cytoskeletal proteins have been identified as causes of LVNC.As a comprehensive cardiac event with serious complications such as life threatening arrhythmias, heart failure and thromboembolism, LVNC is mainly diagnosed through echocardiography, cardiac magnetic resonance and other examinations.Early improvement of genetic evaluation, screening of family members for the mutation, close follow-up of high-risk patients, and early management of complications will help to improve patients′ quality of life and prognosis.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881499

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the epidemiological characteristics of an aggregational gastroenteritis and determine the genotypes of sapovirus, and to provide scientific basis for formulating effective control strategies. Methods:Unified case definition, active case search and descriptive epidemiology were used to analyze the epidemic. Feces or anal swabs of untreated students, teachers, canteen staff as well as canteen environment samples were collected. Norovirus and sapovirus nucleic acid tests were conducted by real-time fluorescent RT-PCR, and sapovirus nucleic acid was amplified by conventional RT-PCR. The gene region of capsid protein was analyzed by MEGA7.0 software and phylogenetic tree was constructed. Results:A total of 12 cases were reported in the epidemic, and the incidence rate was 44.44%. All reported cases, with vomiting symptoms, were found in the same class. The epidemic showed a point-based outbreak. The first case became the source of infection in class, and the epidemic lasted for 8 days. Real-time fluorescent RT-PCR assay confirmed that five children's feces were positive for sapovirus nucleic acid, and the first-episode children's feces were positive for sapovirus and GII norovirus nucleic acid. Sequence alignment result showed that the sapovirus strains belonged to GI.1 type with homologous genes. Conclusion:Based on the clinical manifestations, field epidemiological investigation and laboratory test results, we confirm that the first case of the epidemic in class is caused by GI.1 sapovirus infection. The epidemic is effectively controlled by comprehensive measures such as case isolation and disinfection.

7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881069

ABSTRACT

Polyphyllin I (PPI) purified from Polyphyllarhizomes displays puissant cytotoxicity in many kinds of cancers. Several researches investigated its anti-cancer activity. But novel mechanisms are still worth investigation. This study aimed to explore PPI-induced endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress as well as the underlying mechanism in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Cell viability or colony-forming was detected by MTT or crystal violet respectively. Cell cycle, apoptosis, reactive oxygen species (ROS) and mitochondrial membrane potential were assessed by flow cytometry. Gene and protein levels were evaluated by qRT-PCR and immunoblotting respectively. Protein interaction was determined by immunoprecipitation or immunofluorescence assay. Gene overexpression or silencing was carried out by transient transfection with plasmids or small interfering RNAs. The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database was used for Gene Set Enrichment Analysis (GSEA), survival analysis, gene expression statistics or pathway enrichment assay. PPI inhibited the propagation of NSCLC cells, increased non-viable apoptotic cells, arrested cell cycle at G2/M phase, induced ROS levels but failed to decrease mitochondrial membrane potential. High levels of GRP78 indicates poor prognosis in NSCLC patients. PPI selectively suppressed unfolded protein response (UPR)-induced GRP78 expression, subsequently protected CHOP from GRP78-mediated ubiquitination and degradation. We demonstrated that the natural product PPI, obtained from traditional herbal medicine, deserves for further study as a valuable candidate for lead compound in the chemotherapy of NSCLC.

8.
International Eye Science ; (12): 2038-2043, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904671

ABSTRACT

@#AIM:To investigate the protective effects of resveratrol(RSV)on inflammation and oxidative stress damage in human corneal epithelial cells(HCECs).<p>METHODS: The inflammation of HCECs was induced by Tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α), and the experiment was divided into: control group, TNF-α group and RSV+TNF-α group. The oxidative stress response of HCECs was induced by H<sub>2</sub>O<sub>2</sub>, and they were divided into normal group, H<sub>2</sub>O<sub>2</sub> group and RSV+ H<sub>2</sub>O<sub>2</sub> group. MTT assay was used to detect the viability of HCECs; RT-qPCR and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA)methods were used to detect the expression of IL-1, IL-6 and IL-8; Immunofluorescence staining and Western blot were used to observe the nuclear translocation of NF-κB p65. 2',7'-dichlorofluorescein diacetate(DCFH-DA)fluorescent probe was applied to detect the level of reactive oxygen species(ROS).<p>RESULTS:In the inflammatory response of HCECs, RT-qPCR and ELISA showed that the expression levels of IL-1, IL-6 and IL-8 were increased significantly in the TNF-α group compared with the control group, the above indicators were lower after pretreatment of RSV than those in TNF-α group; Immunofluorescence staining and Western blot showed that the nuclear translocation of NF-κB p65 was increased in TNF-α group, while it was inhibited after pretreatment of RSV. In the oxidative stress response of HCECs, the results of MTT and DCFH-DA fluorescent probe staining showed that H<sub>2</sub>O<sub>2 </sub>significantly decreased the viability of HCECs and increased the production of ROS in HCECs. After pretreatment of RSV, cell viability increased significantly, and RSV inhibited the generation of ROS in HCECs induced by H<sub>2</sub>O<sub>2</sub>. <p>CONCLUSION: RSV has an inhibitory effect on inflammation and oxidative stress damage in human corneal epithelial cells, and it has been confirmed that RSV inhibits inflammation by inhibiting the activation of the NF-κB pathway.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879113

ABSTRACT

Based on the research literatures of Passiflora incarnata and the theory of traditional Chinese medicine, the paper discussed the traditional Chinese medicinal properties of P. incarnate, so as to provide a theoretical basis for the compatibility and application of P. incarnata. The literature databases of CNKI, Wanfang, VIP, Web of Science, PubMed and Scopus were selected, and the literatures relating to P. incarnata were reviewed to screen out the scientific research literatures with a high credibility, rational design and reliable conclusions. Foreign pharmacopoeia was consulted, and the listed products were summarized. The traditional Chinese medicine properties of P. incarnata were studied based on 32 clinical trials, 66 pharmacological researches, 64 chemical constituents researches as well as the theory of traditional Chinese medicine. It was preliminarily concluded that the medicinal properties of P. incarnata are sweet, cool, and enter heart, liver channels. The function is mainly to calm the heart and tranquilizing the mind, and calm the liver wind. It is used for hyperactivity of liver-Yang, stagnation of liver-Qi, restlessness of mind, depression, nervousness, insomnia. This paper summarized the source, characteristics of natures, tastes and channel tropism, usage and dosage, function indications of P. incarnata, and defined its clear traditional Chinese medicine property, which lays a theoretical foundation for the compatibility and clinical application of P. incarnata and Chinese medicine.


Subject(s)
Anti-Anxiety Agents , Anxiety , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Passiflora , Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders/drug therapy
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879086

ABSTRACT

Methotrexate(MTX) is a commonly used antimetabolite, which can be used in the treatment of a variety of diseases. However, hepatotoxicity in the use of MTX severely limits its clinical use. Therefore, how to prevent and treat hepatotoxicity of MTX has become an urgent clinical problem. This paper summarizes and analyzes relevant literatures on the prevention and treatment of hepa-totoxicity caused by MTX with traditional Chinese medicines and natural medicines in recent years. MTX-induced hepatotoxicity mechanisms include folate pathway, oxidative stress damage and adenosine pathway, of which oxidative stress theory is the main research direction. A total of 14 kinds of traditional Chinese medicine and natural medicine extracts including white peony root, and 21 kinds of natural monomer compounds, including berberine, play an anti-MTX-induced hepatotoxic effect by resisting oxidative stress, inhibiting inflammation and regulating signal pathways. According to current studies on the prevention and treatment of hepatotoxicity induced by MTX with traditional Chinese medicines and natural medicines, there are insufficiencies, such as partial and superficial mechanism studies, inadequate combination of experimental research and clinical practice, non-standard experimental design and lack of application of advanced technologies and methods. This paper systematically reviewed the effects and mechanisms of traditional Chinese medicines and natural medicines against hepatotoxicity induced by MTX and defined current studies and deficiencies, in the expectation of proposing new study strategies and directions and providing scientific basis for rational clinical use of MTX and development of new drugs against MTX hepatotoxicity.


Subject(s)
Chemical and Drug Induced Liver Injury/prevention & control , Drug-Related Side Effects and Adverse Reactions , Humans , Liver/metabolism , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Methotrexate/toxicity , Oxidative Stress
11.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1181-1190, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878169

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Pre-operative non-invasive histological evaluation of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) remains a challenge. Tumor perfusion is significantly associated with the development and aggressiveness of HCC. The purpose of the study was to evaluate the clinical value of quantitative liver perfusion parameters and corresponding histogram parameters derived from traditional triphasic enhanced computed tomography (CT) scans in predicting histological grade of HCC.@*METHODS@#Totally, 52 patients with HCC were enrolled in this retrospective study and underwent triple-phase enhanced CT imaging. The blood perfusion parameters were derived from triple-phase CT scans. The relationship of liver perfusion parameters and corresponding histogram parameters with the histological grade of HCC was analyzed. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis was used to determine the optimal ability of the parameters to predict the tumor histological grade.@*RESULTS@#The variance of arterial enhancement fraction (AEF) was significantly higher in HCCs without poorly differentiated components (NP-HCCs) than in HCCs with poorly differentiated components (P-HCCs). The difference in hepatic blood flow (HF) between total tumor and total liver flow (ΔHF = HFtumor - HFliver) and relative flow (rHF = ΔHF/HFliver) were significantly higher in NP-HCCs than in P-HCCs. The difference in portal vein blood supply perfusion (PVP) between tumor and liver tissue (ΔPVP) and the ΔPVP/liver PVP ratio (rPVP) were significantly higher in patients with NP-HCCs than in patients with P-HCCs. The area under ROC (AUC) of ΔPVP and rPVP were both 0.697 with a high sensitivity of 84.2% and specificity of only 56.2%. The ΔHF and rHF had a higher specificity of 87.5% with an AUC of 0.681 and 0.673, respectively. The combination of rHF and rPVP showed the highest AUC of 0.732 with a sensitivity of 57.9% and specificity of 93.8%. The combined parameter of ΔHF and rPVP, rHF and rPVP had the highest positive predictive value of 0.903, and that of rPVP and ΔPVP had the highest negative predictive value of 0.781.@*CONCLUSION@#Liver perfusion parameters and corresponding histogram parameters (including ΔHF, rHF, ΔPVP, rPVP, and AEFvariance) in patients with HCC derived from traditional triphasic CT scans may be helpful to non-invasively and pre-operatively predict the degree of the differentiation of HCC.


Subject(s)
Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/diagnostic imaging , Contrast Media , Humans , Liver Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Perfusion , Retrospective Studies , Sensitivity and Specificity , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
12.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 990-1000, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911919

ABSTRACT

Objective:To report two cases of steroid-resistant nephrotic syndrome (SRNS) caused by LAMB2 gene mutation, and summarize the characteristics of genotype, clinical and pathological phenotypes of children with LAMB2 gene mutation. Methods:Two cases with SRNS caused by LAMB2 gene mutation were from Tongji Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology in December 2013 and September 2019. The demographic, family history and clinical data of two cases were collected, and the peripheral blood genomic DNA was captured and sequenced by whole exome sequencing. PubMed, Medline, CNKI and Wanfang databases were searched to summarize the clinicopathological phenotypes and genotypes of patients with LAMB2 mutation. Results:Among the two cases with SRNS caused by LAMB2 gene mutation, the clinical phenotypes were all manifested as nephrotic level of proteinuria and hypoalbuminemia, and there was no extrarenal clinical manifestation. One case presented with basement membrane delamination and the other with focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS). LAMB2 mutations of two cases were Exon32 c.5390G>T(p.Cys1797Phe), Exon19 c.2557C>T(p.Arg853*) and Exon27 c.4370G>A(p.R1457Q), Exon23 c.3325G>A(p.E1109K), respectively. In literature retrieval, there were 37 cases with LAMB2 gene mutation, including 24 cases with renal biopsy data, 13 cases of focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS), 4 cases of minimal change disease, one case of diffuse mesangial sclerosis, one case of IgM nephropathy, two cases of thin basement membrane nephropathy, and three cases of mesangial hyperplasia. Among them, eight cases had basement membrane delamination tear. Among the 37 cases, 11 cases were homozygous, 22 cases were complex heterozygosity, and 4 cases were heterozygous mutation. Conclusions:LAMB2 mutation may cause delamination tear of glomerular basement membrane. The clinical phenotype is congenital nephrotic syndrome or SRNS. The literature review shows the extrarenal manifestations caused by LAMB2 mutation are mostly various ocular abnormalities, as well as respiratory, digestive and nervous system abnormalities, and the time of progression to end-stage renal disease is also different.

13.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 436-442, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911046

ABSTRACT

Objective:To establish the urodynamic classification of middle-aged and elderly men with benign prostatic obstruction(BPO), and to analyze the efficacy of transurethral resection of the prostate(TURP) on various types of patients.Methods:A retrospective analysis of middle-aged and elderly male patients with non-neurogenic lower urinary tract symptoms(LUTS) who underwent urodynamic tests from January 2010 to December 2018, including 793 patients with BPO. Urodynamics examination of detrusor without contraction needs to complete cystoscopy to diagnose BPO. During urodynamic examination, the detrusor uninhibited contraction induced by spontaneous or stimulation during the bladder filling period is diagnosed as overactivity of the bladder detrusor(DO), and the LinPURR chart indicates the detrusor underactivity(DU). Based on the persistence of BPO leading to DO, DU, and decreased bladder compliance, 793 male patients with BPO with LUTS were divided into four types, including type Ⅰ(BPO: n=164, 20.7%), type Ⅱ(BPO combined with DO: n=333, 42.00%), type Ⅲ(BPO combined with DU: n=267, 33.7%), type Ⅳ(BPO combined with decreased bladder compliance: n=29, 3.7%). The preoperative comparison between groups showed that the age of type Ⅰ-Ⅳ gradually increased, and the age of type Ⅰ was significantly smaller than other types [(67.3±8.2)years, (69.7±7.7)years, (71.5±7.9)years, (72.4±7.1)years, P<0.05]. Compared with other types, the type Ⅰ’s IPSS-S[(9.1±3.6)points vs.(10.4±3.1) points, (9.2±3.3) points, (10.4±3.1)points, P<0.05], IPSS-V[(13.5±3.4) points vs. (14.2±3.5)points, (14.0±3.5)points, (14.2±2.9)points, P<0.05], IPSS scores[(22.6±5.4)points, (24.7±4.9)points, (23.1±5.3)points, (24.6±4.7)points, P<0.05] were significantly lower than other groups, the maximum bladder capacity [(332.6±83.2)ml vs.(221.4±80.8)ml, (286.7±108.2)ml, (242.3±103.4)ml, P<0.05], the functional bladder capacity was significantly higher than other types[(215.2±90.0)ml, (148.5±76.0)ml, (154.9±87.2)ml, (121.2±72.9)ml, P<0.05]. Type Ⅱ’s IPSS-S[(10.4±3.1)points vs.(9.1±3.6)points, (9.2±3.3)points, P<0.05], nocturia frequency[(3.7±1.8)times vs.(3.2±1.8)times, (3.2±1.6)times, P<0.05], IPSS score[(24.7±4.9)points vs.(22.6±5.4)points, (23.1±5.3)points, P<0.05], quality of life scores [(4.9±0.9) points, (4.6±0.9)points, (4.6±0.9)points, P<0.05] was significantly higher than type Ⅰ and type Ⅲ ( P<0.05). Type Ⅲ and Ⅳ had higher residual urine than type Ⅱ[(121.3±96.4)ml, (121.3±96.4)ml vs.(71.2±73.5)ml, P<0.05]. Type Ⅳ’s IPSS-S[(10.4±3.1)points vs. (9.1±3.6)points, (9.2±3.3)points, P<0.05], IPSS-V[(14.2±2.9) points vs.(13.5±3.4)points, (14.0±3.5)points, P<0.05], the frequency of nocturia[(3.8±1.9)times vs.(3.2±1.8)times, (3.2±1.6)times, P<0.05] was significantly higher than that of type Ⅰ and type Ⅲ, and the quality of life score was higher than type Ⅰ and type Ⅲ[(4.3±0.8)points vs.(4.7±0.9)points, (4.6±0.9)points, P<0.05]. type Ⅱ and type Ⅳ’s bladder compliance[(21.4±24.2)ml/cmH 2O, (11.0±11.4)ml/cmH 2O vs.(33.9±23.7)ml/cmH 2O, (33.1±32.7)ml/cmH 2O, P<0.05], maximum bladder capacity[(221.4±80.8)ml, (242.3±103.4)ml vs.(332.6±83.2)ml, (286.7±108.2)ml, P<0.05], functional bladder capacity[(148.5±76.0)ml, (121.2±72.9)ml vs.(215.2±90.0)ml, (154.9±87.2)ml, P<0.05] were significantly less than type Ⅰ and type Ⅲ( P<0.05). From November 2016 to November 2018, 60 middle-aged and elderly male patients with confirmed BPO and TURP were selected, including type Ⅰ( n=17, 28.3%), type Ⅱ ( n=23, 38.3%), and Ⅲ type ( n=11, 18.3%), Ⅳ type( n=9, 15.1%). Type IV patients are significantly older than other types ( P<0.05), bladder compliance is significantly worse than other types( P<0.05), the maximum bladder capacity is smaller than other types( P<0.05). The follow-up started 3 months after the operation. The content of the follow-up included IPSS, IPSS-S, IPSS-V, nocturia frequency, undisturbed sleep time, nocturia quality of life score, and life quality score. Results:The IPSS scores of type Ⅰ, type Ⅱ, and type Ⅲ after TURP were significantly improved compared with preoperative(19.8±6.2 vs.3.4±1.8; 21.9±5.2 vs.4.6±2.6; 21.5±6.2 vs.5.7±4.6, P<0.05), type Ⅳ urine storage symptom score (9.1±4.1 vs.4.3±3.7), nocturia frequency(3.6±1.5vs.2.3±1.6), nocturia quality of life score (25.3±6.9 vs.31.4±13.7) Compared with preoperatively, there was no significant improvement( P>0.05). The quality of life score improvement of type Ⅳ patients was significantly lower than that of type Ⅰ, type Ⅱ, and type Ⅲ (10.9±9.1 vs.12.2±9.0, 14.4±5.7, 12.7±5.8, P<0.05). The IPSS score of type Ⅳ patients was significantly higher than that of type Ⅰ(7.0±5.8 vs.3.4±1.8), and the nocturia quality of life score was significantly lower than that of each group (31.4±13.7 vs.37.5±4.2, 38.7±3.5, 37.8±3.8, P<0.05). Conclusions:For middle-aged and elderly men with BPO, we divide them into four types based on the results of urodynamic examinations, type Ⅰ(simple BPO), type Ⅱ(BPO combined with DO), type Ⅲ(BPO combined with DU), type Ⅳ(BPO combined with bladder compliance decline). Type Ⅰ patients have the best bladder function, and TURP has the best effect; type Ⅱ has a high symptom score and poor quality of life, and can benefit after TURP; type Ⅲ bladder function is poor, and surgery should be performed as soon as possible to prevent further deterioration of bladder function; type Ⅳ bladder function is the best poor, IPSS score and quality of life score are high, TURP surgery is not effective.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910884

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical significance of serum Chromogranin A (CGA) level in predicting the prognosis of children with severe hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD) and complicating neurogenic pulmonary edema (NPE).Methods:A total of 162 patients with HFMD admitted in our hospital from January 2017 to December 2019 were enrolled in the study; and 40 age-matched healthy children were selected as controls. According to the disease severity and complication the patients were divided into three groups: mild group ( n=88), severe without NPE group ( n=46) and severe with NPE group ( n=28). In 72 severe HFMD patients 16 cases died (fatal group) and 56 cases survived (survival group) within 28 days of hospitalization. The serum CGA, LAC, GLU, WBC, PCT, IL-6, cTnT were measured in all subjects. SPSS 23.0 software was used for data analysis, and the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to evaluate the various indicators for predicting the prognosis of severe HFMD combined with NPE. Results:The serum CGA, GLU, LAC, IL-6 and cTnT levels in severe HFMD group with NPE significantly higher than those in the other three group ( H=61.554, 79.031, 86.994, 36.477, 75.021, all P<0.05 ). The serum CGA, LAC, GLU and IL-6 levels in the fatal group were significantly higher than those in survival group ( Z=-6.094, -4.621, -4.283, -5.504, all P<0.05). There was no significant difference in the levels of WBC, PCT and cTnT between the survival group and the fatal group ( P>0.05). The area under the receiver operating curve (AUC) of serum CGA was 0.890 (95% CI: 0.833-0.947) for predicting the prognosis of patients and the best cut-off value was 120.59 μg/L. Conclusion:The detection of serum CGA levels may be beneficial for the early diagnosis of severe HFMD with NPE, and can be used as one of the predictors of death from severe HFMD.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909513

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the mediating effect of resilience between perceived stress and insomnia in medical staff.Methods:A questionnaire survey was conducted among 1 163 medical staff. All subjects were assessed with the insomnia severity index (ISI), simplified Chinese version of Connor-Davidson resilience scale (CD-RISC-10) and perceived stress scale (PSS-10). SPSS 20.0 software was used for common method biases test, descriptive statistics, difference analysis, correlation analysis, hierarchical regression analysis, and SPSS PROCESS V3.4 was used for Bootstrap mediating effect.Results:①The perceived stress (16.28±6.35) was positively correlated with insomnia (6.14±5.80)( r=0.404, P<0.01), and psychological resilience was negatively correlated with insomnia and perceived stress in medical staff ( r=-0.279, P<0.01, r=-0.399, P<0.01). ②Psychological resilience played a partial mediating role between perceived stress and insomnia in medical staff, with the mediating effect as 0.051, accounting of 13.82% of the total effect. Conclusion:Psychological resilience can reduce the negative effects of perceived stress on sleep and is a protective factor for insomnia in medical staff. Clinically, reducing perceived stress and improving psychological resilience can reduce insomnia in medical staff.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909506

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of hyperbaric oxygen combined with RNA interference (RNAi) technology targeting aquaporin-4 (AQP-4) on improving cognitive function in rats with traumatic brain injury (TBI), and to explore its mechanism.Methods:Totally 112 adult male SD rats were randomly divided into four groups: control group, hyperbaric oxygen(HBO) group, AQP-4 RNAi group and combined treatment group, with 28 rats in each group.The TBI model of rat was established by hydraulic percussion and siRNA targeting aquaporin 4 was constructed. Rats were given corresponding intervention according to their groups.Then the modified neurological severity scores(mNSS)was evaluated on the 7th day and 21th day after operation. Morris water maze test was carried out from the 21st day to 25th day after operation and the percentage of target quadrant and daily escape latency were recorded.The changes of the brain permeability of blood-brain barrier and moisture in brain tissues were measured by Evans blue fluorometry and a wet-dry-weighing technique respectively. The protein expression levels of AQP-4, Caspase-3, Bcl-2, MMP-2 and MMP-9 were detected by Western blot method. The mRNA expression of AQP-4 in TBI brain tissue was measured by RT-PCR method, and the apoptosis rate of TBI brain cells was detected by TUNEL and AnnexinV methods on the 7th day after operation. SPSS 23.0 and Graphpad Prism 7.0 softwares were used for data analysis.One-way ANOVA was used for inter group comparison.Repeated measurement ANOVA was used for Morris results, and the LSD- t test was used for pairwise comparisons. Results:The results of mNSS showed that there were significant differences among the groups on the 7th day and 21st day after operation ( F=4.89, 7.59, both P<0.05). The scores of each treatment group were lower than that of the control group, and the effect of the combined treatment group was the best (7th day: t=3.98, -7.75, both P<0.05; 21st day: t=47.82, 7.94, both P<0.05). The results of Morris water maze test showed that the time and group interaction of rats in the target quadrant residence time and escape latency were not statistically significant( F=1.83, 8.42, both P>0.05). The escape latency and the percentage of stay in the target quadrant in the combined treatment group were better than those in other groups on the 24th and 25th day after operation (all P<0.05). Evans blue staining showed that the contents of Evans blue in AQP-4 RNAi group, hyperbaric oxygen group and combined treatment group were lower than that in the control group(all P<0.05), and that in the combined treatment group was the lowest( t=6.19, P<0.05). The results of dry-wet specific gravity method showed that the water content of brain tissue in the combined treatment group((68.15±1.52)%) was the lowest, and that in the AQP-4 RNAi group((76.71±1.06)%) was lower than that in the HBO group ((80.23±1.43)%)( t=4.38, P<0.05). The results of Western blot showed that the protein levels of AQP-4, Caspase-3, MMP-2 and MMP-9 in the combined treatment group were significantly lower than those in other groups(all P<0.05), while the expression of Bcl-2 was increased in the combined treatment group( P<0.05). RT-PCR results (gray value ratio) showed that AQP-4 mRNA levels in AQP-4 RNAi group(0.61±0.21), HBO group (0.83±0.12), combined treatment group(0.22±0.05) and CON group (1.31 ± 0.25) were significantly different( F=175.05, P<0.05), while the AQP-4 mRNA levels decreased in AQP-4 RNAi group which was better than that in hyperbaric oxygen group ( t=5.25, P<0.05). The decrease was the most obvious in the combined treatment group ( t=58.94, P<0.05). The results of TUNEL and AnnexinV showed that the treatment groups were more effective than the control group in inhibiting neuronal apoptosis, especially in the combined treatment group ( P<0.01). Conclusion:The combination of targeted AQP-4 RNAi and hyperbaric oxgen can effectively promote the recovery of neurological and cognitive function, and the mechanism may be related to protecting the integrity of blood-brain barrier, alleviating brain edema and inhibiting apoptosis of nerve cells after TBI.

17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-896302

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Due to adipose-derived stem cells (ASCs) being easy to obtain, their rapid proliferation rate, and their multidirectional differentiation capabilities, they have been widely used in the field of regenerative medicine. With the progress of decellularized adipose tissue (DAT) and adipose tissue engineering research, the role of DAT in promoting angiogenesis has gradually been emphasized. @*METHODS@#We examined the biological characteristics and biosafety of DAT and evaluated the stem cell maintenance ability and promotion of growth factor secretion through conducting in vitro and in vivo studies. @*RESULTS@#The tested ASCs showed high rat:es of proliferation and adhered well to DAT. The expression levels of essential genes for cell stem maintenance, including OCT4, SOX2, and Nanog were low at 2–24 h and much higher at 48 and 96 h. The Adipogenic expression level of markers for ASCs proliferation including PPARγ, C/EPBα, and LPL increased from 2 to 96 h. Co-culture of ASCs and DAT increased the secretion of local growth factors, such as VEGF, PDGF-bb, bFGF, HGF, EGF, and FDGF-bb, and secretion gradually increased from 0 to 48 h. A model of full-thickness skin defects on the back of nude mice was established, and the co-culture of ASCs and DAT showed the best in vivo treatment effect. @*CONCLUSION@#The application of DAT promotes wound healing, and DAT combined with ASCs may be a promising material in adipose tissue engineering and regenerative medicine.

18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904006

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Due to adipose-derived stem cells (ASCs) being easy to obtain, their rapid proliferation rate, and their multidirectional differentiation capabilities, they have been widely used in the field of regenerative medicine. With the progress of decellularized adipose tissue (DAT) and adipose tissue engineering research, the role of DAT in promoting angiogenesis has gradually been emphasized. @*METHODS@#We examined the biological characteristics and biosafety of DAT and evaluated the stem cell maintenance ability and promotion of growth factor secretion through conducting in vitro and in vivo studies. @*RESULTS@#The tested ASCs showed high rat:es of proliferation and adhered well to DAT. The expression levels of essential genes for cell stem maintenance, including OCT4, SOX2, and Nanog were low at 2–24 h and much higher at 48 and 96 h. The Adipogenic expression level of markers for ASCs proliferation including PPARγ, C/EPBα, and LPL increased from 2 to 96 h. Co-culture of ASCs and DAT increased the secretion of local growth factors, such as VEGF, PDGF-bb, bFGF, HGF, EGF, and FDGF-bb, and secretion gradually increased from 0 to 48 h. A model of full-thickness skin defects on the back of nude mice was established, and the co-culture of ASCs and DAT showed the best in vivo treatment effect. @*CONCLUSION@#The application of DAT promotes wound healing, and DAT combined with ASCs may be a promising material in adipose tissue engineering and regenerative medicine.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826493

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the clinical phenotype and genetic basis of a consanguineous pedigree affected with hereditary coagulation factor XII (FXII) deficiency.@*METHODS@#Following extraction of genomic DNA, all exons and flanking regions of F12 gene were subjected to PCR amplification and Sanger sequencing. ClustalX-2.1-win and MutationTaster software was used to analyze the conservation and impact of the variants on protein function.@*RESULTS@#DNA sequencing showed that the proband carried a homozygous g.6753-6755delACA deletion (p.252delAsn) in exon 9 of the F12 gene, for which her father, mother and brother were heterozygous carriers. The same deletion was not found in her sister.@*CONCLUSION@#The homozygous p.252delAsn deletion probably underlies the hereditary FXII deficiency in this pedigree.

20.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 969-974, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-820846

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To compare chemical composition types and ginsenoside content of Panax notoginseng flowers with different growing years ,and to explore the effect of growing year on the quality of P. notoginseng flowers. METHODS :Each 10 batches of biennial,triennial and quadrennial P. notoginseng flower were collected and determined by HPLC. The determination was performed on Shim-pack GIST C 18 column with mobile phase consisted of acetonitrile- 0.05% phosphoric acid solution (gradient elution )at the flow rate of 0.5 mL/min. The column temperature was set at 30 ℃,and the detection wavelength was set at 203 nm. The sample size was 20 μL. Similarity Evaluation System of TCM Chromatogram Fingerprint was used to establish the fingerprint of 30 batches of samples ,identify the diagnostic components and analyze the similarity. Cluster analysis was conducted by using SPSS 22.0 software. The contents of ginsenoside Rb 1,Rb2,Rb3 and Rc in 30 batches of P. notoginseng flower with different growing years were determined by above HPLC . The quality control analysis was conducted by using SPSS 22.0 software. RESULTS:Established fingerprint showed good precision ,stability and reproducibility. There were good linear relationship (R2> 0.999),quantitative limit ,precision,stability,repeatability and accuracy of the content determination method . Six common components as ginsenoside Rb 1, Rb2, Rb3 and Rc were Δ 基金项目:云南省地方高校联合专项(No.KX182504Y) identified in P. notoginseng flower with different growing *助教,硕士。研究方向:中药资源开发 。电话:0876-2684947。 E-mail:wshuangzaiqiang@163.com years by fingerprint ;ginsenoside Rd was identified in triennial # 通信作者 :研究员,硕士。研究方向 :中药资源开发 。电话: P. notoginseng flower. The similarities of the fingerprints 0876-8883731。E-mail:gaomingju@163.com among 10 batches of biennial ,triennial and quadrennial P. 中国药房 2020年第31卷第8期 China Pharmacy 2020Vol. 31 No. 8 ·969· notoginseng flower were 0.881,0.952 and 0.945,respectively. The similarity among samples with different growing ye ars was more than 0.817. Thirty batches of P. notoginseng flower could be grouped into 4 categories,the category Ⅱ was quadrennial samples,the category Ⅲ was triennial samples ,while the categories Ⅰ and Ⅳ were mostly biennial samples and a small number of triennial and quadrennial samples. RSDs of 4 ginsenosides contents and their total contents in biennial samples were 8.90%-21.43% and total saponin contents were 11.65%-17.76%,respectively. RSDs of 4 ginsenosides contents and their total contents in triennial samples were 6.45%-14.23%,and total saponin contents were 15.74%-19.30%. RSDs of 4 ginsenosides contents and their total contents in quadrennial samples were 7.50%-18.86%,and total saponin contents were 15.92%-20.16%. The results of quality control analysis showed that biennial samples mainly distributed in the areas of Ⅱ and Ⅲ ;triennial and quadrennial samples mainly distributed in the areas of Ⅰ and Ⅱ ;the order of ginsenosides content was Ⅰ >Ⅱ >Ⅲ. CONCLUSIONS:Chemical components of P. notoginseng flower with different growing years are generally close in types but there still a re some differences ,among which the content of ginsenosides in biennial samples is lower ,fluctuates more ,and the overall quality is slightly poor ;the content of ginsenosides in triennial and quadrennial samples is higher ,fluctuates less ,and the overall quality is higher and tends to be stable.

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