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1.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 809-817, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922883

ABSTRACT

The bone formation promoter recombinant human parathyroid hormone 1-34 [PTH (1-34)] has a short half-life and low bioavailability. In this study, we prepared a biodegradable and temperature-sensitive hyaluronic acid-poly-N-isopropyl acrylamide (AHA-g-PNIPAAm), and further investigated its effects of PTH (1-34) release and cell behavior as drug carrier. The structure of AHA-g-PNIPAAM was confirmed by hydrogen nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy and infrared spectroscopy. Next, PTH (1-34) loaded thermo-sensitive hydrogels were prepared by physical swelling method and their stability was investigated. The morphology of hydrogel was observed by scanning electron microscope. The minimum critical transition temperature and drug release behavior of hydrogels were investigated by ultraviolet spectrophotometry. The tetrazolium-based colorimetric assay (MTT assay) was used to investigate the toxicity and proliferation effects of PTH (1-34)-loaded thermo-sensitive hydrogel on mouse mononuclear macrophage RAW264.7 and mouse precranial osteoblasts MC3T3-E1. The effect of PTH (1-34)-loaded thermo-sensitive hydrogel on the differentiation of RAW264.7 was investigated by the tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase assay. The results showed that the PTH (1-34)-loaded thermo-sensitive hydrogel prepared in this study displayed regular three-dimensional honeycomb structure, and had good stability, thermo-sensitivity and sustained and controlled release properties, which could promote the proliferation of MC3T3-E1 cells more effectively and inhibit the differentiation of RAW264.7 into osteoclasts.

2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922536

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Functional constipation (FC) is one of the most prevalent functional gastrointestinal disorders. Dissatisfaction with medications prescribed to treat FC may lead patients to seek alternative treatments. Numerous systematic reviews (SRs) examining the use of acupuncture to treat FC have reported inconsistent results, and the quality of these studies has not been fully evaluated.@*OBJECTIVE@#In this overview, we evaluated and summarized clinical evidence on the effectiveness and safety of acupuncture for treating FC and evaluated the quality and bias of the SRs we reviewed.@*SEARCH STRATEGY@#The search strategy was structured by medical subject headings and search terms such as "acupuncture therapy" and "functional constipation." Electronic searches were conducted in eight databases from their inception to September 2020.@*INCLUSION CRITERIA@#SRs that investigated the effectiveness and safety of acupuncture for managing FC were included.@*DATA EXTRACTION AND ANALYSIS@#Two authors independently extracted information and appraised the methodology, reporting accuracy, quality of evidence, and risk of bias using the following critical appraisal tools: (1) A Measurement Tool to Assess Systematic Reviews 2 (AMSTAR 2); (2) Risk of Bias in Systematic Reviews (ROBIS); (3) Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses for Acupuncture (PRISMA-A); and (4) the Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development and Evaluations (GRADE). A κ index was used to score the level of agreement between the 2 reviewers.@*RESULTS@#Thirteen SRs that examined the clinical utility of acupuncture for treating FC were identified. Using the AMSTAR 2 tool, we rated 92.3% (12/13) of the SRs as "critically low" confidence and one study as "low" confidence. Using the ROBIS criteria, 38.5% (5/13) of the SRs were considered to have "low risk" of bias. Based on PRISMA-A, 76.9% (10/13) of the SRs had over 70% compliance with reporting standards. The inter-rater agreement was good for AMSTAR 2, ROBIS, and PRISMA-A. Using the GRADE tool, we classified 22.5% (9/40) of the measured outcomes as "moderate" quality, 57.5% (23/40) as "low" quality, and 20.0% (8/40) as "very low" quality. The inter-rater agreement was moderate when using GRADE. Descriptive analyses indicated that acupuncture was more efficacious than sham acupuncture for improving weekly complete spontaneous bowel movements (CSBMs) and for raising the Bristol Stool Form Scale (BSFS) score. Acupuncture appeared to be superior to anti-constipation drugs for improving weekly spontaneous bowel movements, the total effective rate, and the Patient Assessment of Constipation Quality of Life score. Although ten SRs mentioned the occurrence of adverse events, serious adverse events were not associated with acupuncture treatment.@*CONCLUSION@#Acupuncture may be more efficacious than sham acupuncture for improving CSBMs and BSFS scores and may be superior to anti-constipation drugs for improving bowel movement frequency, as well as quality of life. Limitations to current studies and inconsistent evidence suggest a need for more rigorous and methodologically sound SRs to draw definitive conclusions.@*SYSTEMATIC REVIEW REGISTRATION@#PROSPERO CRD42020189173.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Therapy , Constipation/therapy , Humans , Quality of Life , Systematic Reviews as Topic
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920741

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the polymorphism of Plasmodium lactate dehydrogenase (pLDH) gene and predict B-cell epitopes in pLDH peptides in four species of human malaria parasites. Methods The blood samples and epidemiological characteristics were collected from malaria cases in Yunnan Province registered in the National Notifiable Disease Report System. The pLDH genes of four human Plasmodium species were amplified using nested PCR assay and sequenced. The polymorphisms of pLDH genes was analyzed using the software MEGA version 7.0.26 and DnaSP version 5.10, and the B-cell epitopes were predicted in pLDH peptides using the Immune Epitope Database (IEDB). Results The sequences of P. vivax LDH (PvLDH), P. falciparum LDH (PfLDH), P. ovale LDH (PoLDH) and P. malariae LDH (PmLDH) genes were obtained from 153, 29, 17 and 11 blood samples from patients with P. vivax, P. falciparum, P. ovale and P. malariae malaria, respectively, which included 15, 2, 4 and 2 haplotypes and had a nucleotide diversity (π) of 0.104. A high level of intra-species differentiation was seen in the PoLDH gene (π = 0.012), and the π values were all < 0.001 for PvLDH, PfLDH and PmLDH genes. Active regions of B-cell antigen were predicted in the pLDH peptide chain of four human malaria parasites, of 4 to 5 in each chain, and the activity score was approximately 0.430. Among these peptide chains, the “86-PGKSDKEWNRD-96” short-peptide was a B-cell epitope shared by all four species of human malaria parasites, and the “266-GQYGHS (T)-271” short-peptide was present in PvLDH and PoLDH peptide chains, while “212-EEVEGIFDR-220” was only found in the PvLDH peptide chain, and “208-LISDAE-213” was only seen in the PfLDH peptide chain. Conclusions The PoLDH gene polymorphism may be derived from the weak negative purification selection, while PvLDH, PfLDH and PmLDH genes may maintain a relatively conservative state. There may be two B-cell epitopes “212-EEVEGIFDR-220” and “208-LISDAE-213” in the proximal region of the C terminal in the pLDH peptide chain, which is feasible to differentiate between P. vivax and P. falciparum infections.

4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880649

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#Human periodontal ligament cells (hPDLCs) are important source of periodontal tissue reconstruction. Under chronic inflammation, the multi-directional differentiation potential and chemotaxis in hPDLCs are decreased. Therefore, inhibiting inflammatory microenvironment and improving the functional characteristics of stem cells can better promote periodontal tissue reconstruction. This study was to investigate the effect of astaxanthin (AST) on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced inflammation in hPDLCs and the underlying mechanisms.@*METHODS@#hPDLCs were isolated and cultured in vitro, and vimentin and keratin immunocytochemical staining were used to identify hPDLCs. CCK-8 assay was used to measure the effects of AST (1, 5, 10, 20, 50, 100, and 200 μmol/L) on proliferation of hPDLCs. Quantitative RT-PCR (RT-qPCR) and ELISA were used to measure the mRNA and protein expression of inflammatory factors (IL-6, IL-1β, and TNF-α) in the control (Con) group, the LPS group, and the LPS+AST (5, 10, 20, and 50 μmol/L) group. Western blotting was used to detect the protein expression of IKBα, phosphorylated IKBα (p-IKBα), and p65 in the Con group, the LPS group, the AST (20 μmol/L) group, and the LPS+AST (20 μmol/L) group. After 10 μmol/L PDTC treatment, the mRNA and protein expressions of IL-6, IL-1β, and TNF-α were detected by RT-qPCR and ELISA.@*RESULTS@#Cell morphology and immunocytochemical staining showed that the cells were in line with the characteristics of hPDLCs. Treatment with AST could promote the proliferation of hPDLCs, which reached the peak at 20 μmol/L. The mRNA and protein expressions of IL-6, IL-1β, and TNF-α in the LPS group were higher than those in the Con group (all @*CONCLUSIONS@#AST promotes the proliferation of hPDLCs, which is related to suppression of LPS-induced the secretion of inflammatory factors via inhibiting the activation of NF-κB signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Cells, Cultured , Humans , Inflammation/chemically induced , Lipopolysaccharides , NF-kappa B , Periodontal Ligament , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/genetics , Xanthophylls
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880059

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the molecular mechanism in stable cell strains expressing Mini-hF9 gene with nonsense mutation.@*METHODS@#Mini-hF9 gene and its nonsense mutants were transfected into HeLa cells independently, and stable cell strains were obtained after G418 resistance screening and monoclonal transformation. The altered splicing and protein expression of mRNA in Mini-hF9 gene in stable cell strains were detected by using RT-PCR and Western blot.@*RESULTS@#The wild type and nonsense mutated human coagulation factor IX stable cell strains were constructed successfully, which were named HeLa-F9-WT, HeLa-F9-M1 and HeLa-F9-M2. Only normal splicing Norm was detected in the wild-type cell strain HeLa-F9-WT; Norm and Alt-S1 splicing were detected in HeLa-F9-M1; while Norm, Alt-S1 and Alt-S2 splicing were detected in HeLa-F9-M2.@*CONCLUSION@#The nonsense associated altered splicing (NAS) pathway, which generated alternately spliced transcripts, might be triggered in coagulation factor IX gene with nonsense mutation.


Subject(s)
Codon, Nonsense , Factor IX/metabolism , HeLa Cells , Humans , Mutation , RNA Splicing , RNA, Messenger/metabolism
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905242

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the effects of proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation (PNF) on balance, motor and activities of daily living (ADL) for stroke patients. Methods:The randomized controlled trials about the effects of PNF on motor, balance and ADL in stroke patients were retrieved from PubMed, Embase, CNKI, Wanfang data, and VIP, since establishment to December, 2019. The primary outcome measures were Berg Balance Scale (BBS), Fugl-Meyer Assessment (FMA) and modified Bathel Index (MBI). The secondary outcome measures were Functional Reach Test (FRT), Trunk Impairment Scale (TIS), and Timed 'Up and Go' Test (TUGT). The literatures were independently screened by two investigators, and the quality of the articles was evaluated using the Cochrane Library systematic review criteria, and meta-analysis was performed using RevMan 5.3. Results:A total of 13 articles were included with 786 stroke patients. PNF increased the score of BBS for sequelae patients (MD = 3.31, 95%CI 2.58 to 4.04, P < 0.001), FMA for recovery patients (MD = 8.31, 95%CI 5.68 to 10.97, P < 0.001); as well as MBI score (MD = 6.84, 95%CI 5.20 to 8.48, P < 0.001), FRT distance (MD = 1.11, 95%CI 0.39 to 1.84, P = 0.003) and TIS score (MD = 1.75, 95%CI 1.19 to 2.31, P < 0.001) for all the patients, and decreased TUGT time for sequelae patients (MD = -1.86, 95%CI -2.62 to -1.10, P < 0.001). Conclusion:PNF can significantly improve balance, motor and ADL for stroke patients. The effectiveness is various with the course of disease. More high-quality researches are needed.

7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-914192

ABSTRACT

Background@#Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is characterized by elevated fasting glucagon and impaired suppression of postprandial glucagon secretion, which may participate in diabetic complications. Therefore, we investigated the associations of plasma glucagon with estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), albuminuria and diabetic kidney disease (DKD) in T2DM patients. @*Methods@#Fasting glucagon and postchallenge glucagon (assessed by area under the glucagon curve [AUCgla]) levels were determined during oral glucose tolerance tests. Patients with an eGFR <60 mL/min/1.73 m2 and/or a urinary albumin-to-creatinine ratio (UACR) ≥30 mg/g who presented with diabetic retinopathy were identified as having DKD. @*Results@#Of the 2,436 recruited patients, fasting glucagon was correlated with eGFR and UACR (r=–0.112 and r=0.157, respectively; P<0.001), and AUCgla was also correlated with eGFR and UACR (r=–0.267 and r=0.234, respectively; P<0.001). Moreover, 31.7% (n=771) presented with DKD; the prevalence of DKD was 27.3%, 27.6%, 32.5%, and 39.2% in the first (Q1), second (Q2), third (Q3), and fourth quartile (Q4) of fasting glucagon, respectively; and the corresponding prevalence for AUCgla was 25.9%, 22.7%, 33.7%, and 44.4%, respectively. Furthermore, after adjusting for other clinical covariates, the adjusted odds ratios (ORs; 95% confidence intervals) for DKD in Q2, Q3, and Q4 versus Q1 of fasting glucagon were 0.946 (0.697 to 1.284), 1.209 (0.895 to 1.634), and 1.521 (1.129 to 2.049), respectively; the corresponding ORs of AUCgla were 0.825 (0.611 to 1.114), 1.323 (0.989 to 1.769), and 2.066 (1.546 to 2.760), respectively. Additionally, when we restricted our analysis in patients with glycosylated hemoglobin <7.0% (n=471), we found fasting glucagon and AUCgla were still independently associated with DKD. @*Conclusion@#Both increased fasting and postchallenge glucagon levels were independently associated with DKD in T2DM patients.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912321

ABSTRACT

Objective:Reported our experience of 100 consecutive cases of thoracoscopic mitral valvuloplasty in the early period.Methods:Between September 2017 and December 2019, 100 consecutive cases of thoracoscopic mitral valvuloplasty had been completed in our institution. There were 56 males and 44 females. The mean age was(49.2±14.7) years old, ranging from 15 to 75 years old.The safety and feasibility of this technique was evaluated by its early clinical outcomes.Results:Mitral valve(MV) repair techniques included leaflet folding in 5 cases, cleft suture in 10, commissuroplasty in 15, edge to edge in 1, artificial chordae implantation in 76 cases with mean of(2.5±1.6)(1-4) pairs, and prosthetic annuloplasty in all cases. Intraoperative transoesophageal echocardiography(TEE) revealed no mitral regurgitation(MR) in 95 cases and a mild in 2 cases with all coaptation length more than 5 mm. The rest 3 cases with moderate or more MR were successfully reconstructed after being blocked again. The mean cardiopulmonary bypass(CPB) time was(164.4±51.0 )min and aortic clamping time was(119.7 ± 39.1) min, and the latest 10 cases were(140.2±45.3 )min and(96.3±25.4) min, the difference was statistically significant( P<0.05). There was one operative death for avulsion of left atrial suture after operation and 2 intraoperative re-exploration for bleeding. Severe MR was observed in 2 patients 3 months after operation, and mitral valve replacement(MVR) was performed through median sternotomy. Conclusion:Totally thoracoscopic mitral valvuloplasty is technically feasible, safe, effective and reproducible in clinical practice after crossing the learning curve. The short-term effect is satisfactory, however, further randomized and long-term follow-up studies are warranted to determine its clinical effects.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911570

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the expression of estrogen receptor alpha (ERα) protein and BRAF V600E protein in thyroid papillary carcinoma (PTC) and their relationship with clinical factors of PTC. Methods:The expression of ERα and BRAF V600E protein in 1 105 PTC patients was detected by immunohistochemistry. The relationship among ERα, BRAF V600E protein and clinical factors were analyzed. Results:Positive ERα protein was correlated with maleness (χ 2= 6.087, P=0.001), age< 45 years old (χ 2=5.197, P=0.023) and multifocal tumors (χ 2=4.446, P=0.035). Positive BRAF V600E protein was correlated with positive ERα protein (χ 2=6.209, P=0.013), Hashimoto thyroiditis (χ 2=29.388, P<0.001), no lateral lymph node metastasis (χ 2=6.849, P=0.009) and multifocal tumors (χ 2=9.596, P=0.035). Conclusions:ERα expression is more common in male patients, patients younger than 45 years of age, those with multifocal tumors and positive BRAF V600E protein. BRAF V600E protein may inhibit Hashimoto's thyroiditis, tumor growth and the occurrence of lateral lymph node metastasis, and promote the occurrence of multiple focal tumors.

10.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 784-787, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910918

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the incidence of hyperuricemia(HUA)and its influencing factors in the elderly dwelling in Huli District, Xiamen, to provide reference for monitoring and intervention of risk factors.Methods:A retrospective analysis was performed on 3 650 residents aged 60-80 years who lived in the Huli District of Xiamen city for more than half a year from January to December 2019.Their lifestyle, physical health examination and laboratory test results were analyzed, and the incidence of HUA was studied.Multivariate stepwise Logistic regression was used to analyze the relevant influencing factors for the incidence of HUA.Results:Of the 3 650 adults, HUA patients accounted for 25.84%(943 cases), and the incidence of HUA was high in male, elderly, overweight, smoking and drinking( χ2=243.826, 8.325, 64.348, 65.632, 114.808 and 41.213, P<0.05). The levels of serum creatinine and urea nitrogen were higher, glomerular filtration rate was lower and blood triglyceride level was lower in the elderly with HUA than without HUA( χ2=58.126, 307.161, 132.119 and 47.702, all P<0.05). Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that gender, overweight, alcohol consumption, hypertension, high levels of blood urea nitrogen and creatinine, low glomerular filtration rate and high level of blood triglyceride were risk factors for HUA( P<0.05). Conclusions:The incidence of HUA is high in the elderly, and it is associated with poor lifestyle and poor health-related clinical indicators.The relevant risk factors for HUA should be well monitored and timely intervened in the elderly, so as to reduce the HUA incidence and the impact of HUA on the quality of life in the elderly.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910466

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the optimal treatment modalities and prognostic factors of adenoid cystic carcinoma of the head and neck salivary gland.Methods:From January 2016 to December 2018, clinical data of 166 patients with adenoid cystic carcinoma of the head and neck salivary gland who received postoperative radiotherapy at Department of Radiation Oncology of the Ninth People′s Hospital of Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine were retrospectively analyzed. The survival analysis was performed by Kaplan-Meier method. Univariate prognostic analysis was conducted by log-rank test. Multivariate prognostic analysis was carried out by Cox proportional hazard regression model.Results:Among 166 enrolled patients, 70 cases were male and 96 female with an average age of 53 years (18 to 71 years). The median follow-up time was 31.2 months (8.6-63.1 months). Sixty-six patients underwent radical surgery (extended resection across the anatomical areas outside the tumor bed, pursuing negative margins of various resections), and the remaining 100 patients underwent conservative surgery (only extended resection of lesions, not pursuing negative nerve resection margins). The median dose of postoperative radiotherapy was 66 Gy (54-70 Gy). Seventy-three patients were treated with TP regime due to positive or close margins and 9 cases of cervical lymph node metastasis. The 3-and 5-year overall survival (OS), locoregional recurrence-free survival (LRRFS), distant metastasis-free survival (DMFS), progression-free survival (PFS) rates were 95% and 95%, 93% and 93%, 74% and 66%, 73% and 65%, respectively. Seven patients experienced primary lesion recurrence, 5 cases of regional lymph node recurrence and 38 cases of distant metastasis. T 3-T 4 stage, lymph nodes (+ ), stage IV, solid pathologic subtype, Ki-67≥10% and perineural invasion were associated with worse PFS and DMFS. Multivariate analysis demonstrated that only solid pathologic subtype was the independent prognostic factor of OS, LRRFS, PFS and DMFS. Conclusions:The local control rate of salivary gland adenoid cystic carcinoma can be improved by postoperative intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) with a recommended dose of ≥66 Gy. Solid pathologic subtype is the most important adverse prognostic factor.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910415

ABSTRACT

Objective:To understand the activity concentration of 131I aerosol in the air of the iodine treatment workplace and estimate the internal dose of 131I inhaled by medical staff in nuclear medicine. Methods:Using CF-1001BRL portable large capacity air sampler, the 131I aerosol in the iodine treatment workplace of nuclear medicine department of 6 hospitals in Shandong province was collected by iodine box, and the HPGe-γ energy spectrometer was used to measure the samples. The 131I activity concentration in iodine treatment workplace at 6 hospitals was obtained, and the internal dose to medical staff was estimated. Results:The 131I activity concentration in the air in iodine treatment workplaces at 6 hospitals ranged from 3.64 to 2.94×10 3 Bq/m 3. The 131I activity concentration in the controlled area (ward, patient passageway, subpacking room, operation administration room) was significantly higher than that in the supervised area. The highest 131I activity concentration, 2.62×10 2 Bq/m 3, in the supervised area was found in the medical care passageway. The estimated effective dose to nuclear medicine workers was 0.07-5.68 mSv, not exceeding the national limit. Conclusions:The phenomenon of 131I aerosol contamination still exists in the iodine treatment workplaces of nuclear medicine departments in hospitals, so it is necessary to carry out internal radiation monitoring for nuclear medicine departments all around the country, and explore more reasonable protection standards and methods.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909617

ABSTRACT

Diabetic nephropathy (DN) is one of the most common complications of diabetes. It is an important cause of diabetes disability and death. DN is a systemic metabolic syndrome. In its pathogenesis, the interaction of various cell activities and a large number of cytokine biological activities, the activation of signal pathways and so on are involved in the development of DN. At present, the clinical treatment of DN is mainly Western medicine, but it has limitations such as strong toxicity, high side effects and poor compliance. Therefore, the discovery of natural anti-DN substances has also become an important means to treat DN. Mulberry leaves are the dry leaves of Morus alba L. It is not only a tradi?tional Chinese medicine, but also a dual-purpose medicinal material for medicine and food. It has the effects of dispelling wind and clearing heat, cooling blood and brightening eyes, tonifying and so on. Mulberry leaf polysaccharide (MLP) is a kind of high molecular compound in mulberry leaves. It has many pharmacological effects, such as hypoglycemic, antiox?idant, anti-stress, anti-virus and so on. Therefore, the pharmacological effects of mulberry leaf polysaccharides on dia?betic nephropathy are reviewed in this paper, so as to provide references for further research and application. The patho?genesis of DN is complex, and the mechanism of renal injury has not been completely clarified. The current studies believe that DN is closely related to heredity, abnormal glucose metabolism, abnormal lipid metabolism, microcirculation disorder, cytokine action, oxidative stress and so on. Relevant studies show that the pharmacological effects of mulberry leaf polysaccharide in the prevention and treatment of DN mainly include: ① Effect on transforming factor-β1 (TGF-β1):TGF-β1 has become an important cytokine involved in the formation of renal fibrosis by regulating cell proliferation and differentiation and the production of extracellular matrix (ECM). MLP can significantly inhibit TGF-β1 protein, and then inhibit the synthesis of extracellular matrix by renal interstitial fibroblasts and inhibit the realization of fibrosis.②Effect on insulin receptor substrate (IRS-1): IRS-1 is an important signal molecule at the beginning of IR signal transduction. The decrease of IRS-1 gene expression or the decrease of expression can affect the effective transmission of IR signal and lead to the development and deterioration of diabetes. MPL can significantly increase the expression of IRS-1 mRNA in liver tissue of DN rats, so as to prevent and treat DN. ③ Effect on the expression of resistin protein in adipose tis?sue. Resistin is a secretory polypeptide derived from adipose tissue and is specifically expressed in white adipose tissue and is closely related to type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Experimental studies show that MLP can effectively reduce the expression of resistin protein in white adipose tissue of T2DM rats, indicating that MLP may reduce the level of IR by inhibiting the expression of resistin in adipose tissue, thereby reducing the insulin resistance state of T2DM rats, so as to achieve the goal of treating diabetes.④Effect on adiponectin receptor 1 (AdipoR1):adiponectin can improve insulin resistance, reduce blood glucose and lipid. AdipoR1 is mainly expressed in skeletal muscle and kidney. Studies have shown that AdipoR1 is closely related to the occurrence and development of DN. The results showed that MLP could reduce the blood glucose and blood lipid level and up regulate the expression of AdipoR1 mRNA in DN rats, suggesting that MLP may delay the occurrence and development of DN. This article reviewed the pharmacological effects of mulberry leaf polysaccharides on diabetic nephropathy, and provided a useful basis for further development and utilization of mul?berry leaf polysaccharides in the treatment of DN.

14.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 1069-1073, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909454

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the effects of conservative oxygen therapy and conventional oxygen therapy on the efficacy and prognosis of mechanical ventilation support in patients with severe pneumonia.Methods:A prospective randomized controlled study were conducted, 110 patients with severe pneumonia requiring mechanical ventilation in intensive care unit (ICU) of Hefei First People's Hospital from May 2019 to May 2021 were selected and divided into conventional oxygen therapy group (51 cases) and conservative oxygen therapy group (55 cases) according to random number table method. Patients in both groups were treated with invasive to non-invasive sequential mechanical ventilation strategy, and the target of oxygen therapy in the conventional oxygen therapy group was set as the arterial partial pressure of oxygen (PaO 2) > 150 mmHg (1 mmHg = 0.133 kPa) or pulse oxygen saturation (SpO 2) > 0.96. In the conservative oxygen therapy group, PaO 2 was set at 70-100 mmHg or SpO 2 at 0.90-0.92. The changes of blood gas analysis, mechanical ventilation time, ICU stay time, ICU mortality, new organ dysfunction and infection more than 48 hours after admission were observed in two groups before and after treatment. Kaplan-Meier method was used to analyze the difference in cumulative survival rate between the two groups. Results:After treatment, pH value, PaO 2 and oxygenation index (PaO 2/FiO 2) in both groups were significantly higher than before treatment, and arterial partial pressure of carbon dioxide (PaCO 2) was significantly lower than before treatment. pH value in the conservative oxygen therapy group was significantly higher than that in the conventional oxygen therapy group (7.4±0.1 vs. 7.3±0.3). PaO 2, PaCO 2 and PaO 2/FiO 2 were significantly lower than those in conventional oxygen therapy group [PaO 2 (mmHg): 68.9±4.7 vs. 75.2±6.0, PaCO 2 (mmHg): 42.1±5.6 vs. 50.5±7.5, PaO 2/FiO 2 (mmHg): 329±126 vs. 365±108, all P < 0.05]. The mechanical ventilation time in the conservative oxygen therapy group was significantly longer than that in the conventional oxygen therapy group (days: 19.7±3.5 vs. 13.9±4.5, P < 0.05), but there was no significant difference in ICU hospitalization time between the conservative oxygen therapy group and the conventional oxygen therapy group (days: 26.5±5.0 vs. 25.5±4.6, P > 0.05). Compared with the conventional oxygen therapy group, the ICU mortality, the incidence of nosocomial bloodstream infection, and the incidence of liver insufficiency, shock, and ICU acquired weakness (ICUAW) were decreased significantly in the conservative oxygen therapy group [ICU mortality: 27.3% (15/55) vs. 45.1% (23/51), liver insufficiency: 1.8% (1/55) vs. 7.8% (4/51), shock: 3.6% (2/55) vs. 9.8% (5/51), ICUAW: 5.5% (3/55) vs. 11.8% (6/51), the incidence of new bloodstream infection: 5.5% (3/55) vs. 11.8% (6/51), all P < 0.05]. Kaplan-Meier analysis showed that the cumulative survival rate of the conservative oxygen therapy group was significantly higher than that of the conventional oxygen therapy group (72.7% vs. 54.9%; Log-Rank test: χ 2 = 4.244, P = 0.039). Conclusion:Conservative oxygen therapy can reduce ICU mortality, the incidence of shock, liver insufficiency, ICUAW, and bloodstream infection in patients with severe pneumonia, but prolong mechanical ventilation time.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909296

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this review is to evaluate the promoting effects of amniotic membrane tissue on ulcer healing and investigate the underlying mechanism, providing new ideas for diabetic foot management. A computer-based online search of CNKI, PubMed and other databases to screen multi-center, randomized controlled trials published in high-impact journals using biological dressings, diabetic foot and other search terms. The retrieved data were analyzed and summarized. Amniotic membrane tissue and its derivatives can greatly shorten the time taken for healing of ulcer surface. This occurs possibly because they can promote angiogenesis and neural repair and prevent against infection. Moreover, the new derivatives provide great ease in use. Therefore, amniotic membrane and its derivatives provide a new tool for diabetic foot management.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909239

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the application value of spiral CT combined with a disintegrin and metalloproteinase 8 (ADAM8), neuron-specific enolase (NSE) and cytokeratin 19 fragment (CYFRA21-1) measurements in the clinical diagnosis of lung cancer.Methods:Fifty patients with lung cancer who received treatment in Shanxi Rongjun Hospital from February 2018 to December 2019 were included in the lung cancer group. Fifty patients with benign lung disease who concurrently received treatment in Shanxi Rongjun Hospital were included in the benign lung disease group. Fifty 50 healthy controls who concurrently received treatment in Shanxi Rongjun Hospital were included in the control group. Serum levels of ADAM8, NSE and CYFRA211 were compared among the three groups. Three groups received spiral CT scans. ADAM8-, NSE- and CYFRA211-positive detection rates were analyzed. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to analyze the efficacy of different methods in the diagnosis of lung cancer. Serum ADAM8, NSE and CYFRA211 levels in patients with lung cancer at different TNM stages were compared.Results:Serum levels of ADAM8, NSE and CYFRA211 in the lung cancer and benign lung disease groups were (381.69 ± 34.82) ng/L, (255.28 ± 30.48) ng/L, (16.87 ± 3.11) μg/L, (9.27 ± 2.11) μg/L,(13.54 ± 8.10) μg/L, (3.01 ± 1.34) μg/L, respectively, which were significantly higher than those in the control group [(225.83 ± 24.19) ng/L, (7.42 ± 2.35) μg/L, (1.78 ± 1.02) μg/L, t = 5.352, 25.994, 4.142, 17.142, 5.165, 10.186, all P < 0.05]. Serum levels of ADAM8, NSE and CYFRA211 in the lung cancer group were significantly higher than those in the benign lung disease group ( t = 19.316, 14.299, 9.069, all P < 0.05). The positive detection rate of lung cancer by spiral CT combined with ADAM8, NSE and CYFRA211 measurements was 92.00%, which was significantly higher than that by spiral CT combined with a single detection ( χ2 = 7.862, 9.000, 11.422, 9.000, all P < 0.05). The ROC curve analysis revealed that the area under the ROC curve, sensitivity and specificity of the combined method were 0.916, 0.920 and 0.900, respectively, which were significantly higher than those of spiral CT combined with a single detection. Serum ADAM8, NSE and CYFRA211 levels at TNM stages III-IV were (430.18 ± 36.43) ng/L, (20.05 ± 3.49) μg/L, (15.93 ± 8.22) μg/L, respectively, which were significantly higher than those at TNM stages I-II [(314.72 ± 30.85) ng/L, (12.49 ± 2.67) μg/L, (10.25 ± 6.35) μg/L, t = 11.777, 8.312, 2.644, all P < 0.05). Conclusion:Spiral CT combined with serum ADAM8, NSE and CYFRA211 levels can greatly increase the diagnostic sensitivity and specificity of lung cancer, which is worthy of clinical application.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908983

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the application of Bloom target teaching theory combined with PBL teaching mode in standardized residency training of respiratory.Methods:A total of 44 residents of Batch 2019 who had been in respiratory department of our hospital for 2 months on rotation were selected as the control group, and traditional teaching training was adopted in the group. In addition, 41 residents of Batch 2020 who were enrolled in the respiratory department of our hospital for a 2-month residency training rotation were selected as the research group, and Bloom target teaching theory combined with PBL teaching mode was applied in the group. After the residency training, the teaching effect of the two groups of training residents was evaluated by theoretical examination, practical skill operation examination and questionnaire survey. SPSS 22.0 was used to conduct t test. Results:The results of theoretical assessment and practical skills operation assessment of students in the study group were better than those in the control group, and the difference was statistically significant ( P<0.05). The subjective satisfaction of the training residents and the tutors were scored respectively. The results showed that the scores of residents in the study group were higher than those in the control group, the difference was statistically significant ( P<0.05). The subjective satisfaction score of residents on the assessment results of this stage showed that residents in the study group had higher scores than the control group, with statistical significance ( P<0.05). The tutor's subjective satisfaction score of the assessment results at this stage showed that the scores of the residents in the study group were higher than those in the control group, and the difference was statistically significant ( P<0.05). Conclusion:The combination of Bloom target teaching theory and PBL teaching mode can improve the theoretical and practical operation ability of students in respiratory department, improve their learning initiative, enthusiasm and teaching satisfaction, and then improve the teaching quality.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908907

ABSTRACT

For adapting to the change of modern medical model and suiting social demand of high quality dentists, this paper compares the differences of undergraduate education in stomatology between China and Russia by using the method of Bereday comparative education, trying to provide some reference for the reform of Chinese stomatology education. Curriculum arrangement in China is being constantly explored based on the Russian model. In China, courses are divided into basic medicine, clinical medicine and stomatology in three stages, making students relatively passive in learning. And the ratio of practice to lecture is far more higher in Russia than that in China. Thus, it's necessary to optimize structure and balance the distribution of stomatological curriculum in China, improve and popularize learning models such as problem -based learning (PBL) and so on, so as to promote the development of stomatology education of China to a higher level.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908638

ABSTRACT

Wavefront aberration is an evaluation index of objective visual quality.In recent years, the relationship between the wavefront aberration compensation in human eyes and the visual quality has been paid more and more attention.There is a mutual compensation relationship between various aberration terms, between corneal aberration and intraocular aberration, and between the anterior and posterior corneal surfaces, and the visual nervous system compensates human eye aberrations.The characteristics of aberration compensation change with age, and are different in analysis of different regions.Vision correction methods, such as refractive surgery and contact lenses, will change the aberration compensation relationship in human eyes, and the changes caused may have an impact on visual quality.It is important to understand the relationship between the aberration compensation characteristics in human eyes and the visual quality.Therefore, not only the existing aberrations should be taken into consideration, but also the compensation characteristics of human eye aberrations must be elucidated to make personalized correction for the aberrations and improve the visual quality after correction.The research progress and significance on the relationship between human eye aberration compensation characteristics and visual quality were reviewed in this article.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908552

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate and compare the changes of modulation transfer function (MTF) after small-incision lenticule extraction (SMILE) and femtosecond laser-assisted laser in situ keratomileusis(FS-LASIK).Methods:A cohort study was conducted.One hundred and two myopic patients (102 eyes) who underwent SMILE and FS-LASIK in Tianjin Eye Hospital from December 2015 to June 2016 were enrolled and divided into SMILE group with 53 eyes and FS-LASIK group with 49 eyes according to different surgical methods.The ocular aberrations and corneal morphology of all patients were measured by the Hartman-Shack wave-front analyzer and Pentacam topography before surgery and 1, 3 and 6 months postoperatively.MTF of optic system was calculated and analyzed.The changes of MTF values were compared between the two groups at different time points under different spatial frequencies, after removal of low-order aberrations at postoperative 6 months, and after removal of vertical coma aberration, horizontal coma aberration and spherical aberration in the SMILE group at postoperative 6 months.The study protocol complied with the Declaration of Helsinki and was approved by an Ethics Committee of Tianjin Eye Hospital (No.TJYYLL-2014-17). Written informed consent was obtained from each patient before surgery.Results:Compared with the preoperative MTF, there were significant increases in postoperative 1-, 3- and 6-month MTF at all spatial frequencies in the SMILE group and FS-LASIK group (all at P<0.05). MTF values at all spatial frequencies in the SMILE group were significantly higher than those in the FS-LASIK group at 1, 3, and 6 months after surgery (all at P<0.05), except at 55 c/d and 60 c/d at 6 months postoperatively.The postoperative 6-month MTF values at all spatial frequencies without low-order aberration were higher in the SMILE group than those in the FS-LASIK group, showing significant differences between the two groups (all at P<0.05). In the SMILE group, the postoperative 6-month MTF values at 1 c/d spatial frequency without the horizontal coma aberration and spherical aberration were significantly higher than the preoperative MTF values (both at P<0.01); the postoperative 6-month MTF values at 1 c/d and 3 c/d spatial frequency without vertical coma aberration were significantly higher than the preoperative MTF values (both at P<0.05), and there were no statistically significant differences between the postoperative 6-month MTF values at the other spatial frequencies with and without single high-order aberrations (all at P>0.05). Conclusions:Optic quality has been obviously improved after SMILE and FS-LASIK, and the SMILE is superior to FS-LASIK in the MTF value.

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