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1.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 941-950, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980944

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Although intensively studied in patients with cardiovascular diseases (CVDs), the prognostic value of diastolic blood pressure (DBP) has little been elucidated in patients with acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (AECOPD). This study aimed to reveal the prognostic value of DBP in AECOPD patients.@*METHODS@#Inpatients with AECOPD were prospectively enrolled from 10 medical centers in China between September 2017 and July 2021. DBP was measured on admission. The primary outcome was all-cause in-hospital mortality; invasive mechanical ventilation and intensive care unit (ICU) admission were secondary outcomes. Least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO) and multivariable Cox regressions were used to identify independent prognostic factors and calculate the hazard ratio (HR) and 95% confidence interval (CI) for adverse outcomes.@*RESULTS@#Among 13,633 included patients with AECOPD, 197 (1.45%) died during their hospital stay. Multivariable Cox regression analysis showed that low DBP on admission (<70 mmHg) was associated with increased risk of in-hospital mortality (HR = 2.16, 95% CI: 1.53-3.05, Z = 4.37, P <0.01), invasive mechanical ventilation (HR = 1.65, 95% CI: 1.32-2.05, Z = 19.67, P <0.01), and ICU admission (HR = 1.45, 95% CI: 1.24-1.69, Z = 22.08, P <0.01) in the overall cohort. Similar findings were observed in subgroups with or without CVDs, except for invasive mechanical ventilation in the subgroup with CVDs. When DBP was further categorized in 5-mmHg increments from <50 mmHg to ≥100 mmHg, and 75 to <80 mmHg was taken as reference, HRs for in-hospital mortality increased almost linearly with decreased DBP in the overall cohort and subgroups of patients with CVDs; higher DBP was not associated with the risk of in-hospital mortality.@*CONCLUSION@#Low on-admission DBP, particularly <70 mmHg, was associated with an increased risk of adverse outcomes among inpatients with AECOPD, with or without CVDs, which may serve as a convenient predictor of poor prognosis in these patients.@*CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION@#Chinese Clinical Trail Registry, No. ChiCTR2100044625.


Subject(s)
Humans , Blood Pressure , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive/therapy , Cohort Studies , Respiration, Artificial , Inpatients , Hospital Mortality
2.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 776-779, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991409

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the application of analogical thinking combined with situational teaching method to create a happy learning situation in ophthalmic nursing practice teaching.Methods:A total of 90 nursing students who had practice in Department of Ophthalmology, Xijing Hospital, Air Force Medical University, from October 2020 to January 2022 were selected as the research objects. According to different teaching methods, they were divided into control group and observation group. The control group ( n=45) adopted conventional teaching, while the observation group ( n=45) adopted analogical thinking combined with situational teaching method. The two groups of nursing students were evaluated by comprehensive examination results, teaching effect questionnaire and students' overall satisfaction with their teachers. SPSS 22.0 was used for t-test and Chi-square test. Results:The test scores of theoretical knowledge [(85.39±1.57) vs. (84.41±1.34)] and nursing skills [(87.52±0.04) vs. (82.64±0.05)] of observation group were both higher than those of control group. In the observation group, the students' awareness of medication safety, professional interest and independent learning, cooperation and organization ability, independent thinking and independent learning ability, the purpose of multi-disciplinary knowledge integration, information and knowledge range improvement, clinical thinking communication ability enhancement, flexible application of theoretical knowledge, practical operation ability enhancement, and the cultivation of innovation consciousness were all improved. And all the scores were better than those of the control group. The satisfaction of teachers in the observation group on students' learning attitude, language expression, calling communication ability and independent problem-solving ability was higher than that in the control group ( P < 0.05). Conclusion:The combination of analogical thinking and the situational teaching method to create a happy learning situation can improve the average scores of nursing students and nursing skills, and significantly improve the satisfaction of students to the teachers.

3.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 192-198, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-810508

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze the clinicopathological characteristics and prognosis of diffuse midline glioma (DMG) with H3K27M mutation.@*Methods@#Thirty cases of DMG were collected in Guangdong Sanjiu Brain Hospital from October 2016 to May 2018. The patients′ clinicopathological data including age, tumor site and histological grade, treatment and follow-up data were collected and analyzed.@*Results@#There were 21 males and 9 females, with a mean age of 26 years (range 5-53 years). Fourteen tumors were located in thalamus, 12 in brainstem (one involved both thalamus and brainstem), and one each in hypothalamus, fourth ventricle, and sellar region, respectively. Two cases presented as diffuse intracranial lesions. Three cases (10.0%) were of WHO grade Ⅰ, 10 cases (33.3%) were grade Ⅱ, eight cases (26.7%) were grade Ⅲ, and nine cases (30.0%) were grade Ⅳ.All patients with gradeⅠ tumors were older than 20 years. Histologically, all were pilocytic astrocytoma-like. Immunohistochemical staining demonstrated that all tumors were IDH1 negative. Twenty-eight tumors showed diffuse expression of H3K27M, and two showed focal expression. Twenty-one tumors(100.0%, 21/21) showed absent expression of H3K27me3. Sixteen tumors (57.1%, 16/28) showed strongly positive expression of p53, and ATRX was negative in eight tumors (38.1%, 8/21). The Ki-67 proliferation index ranged from 5% to 40%. Eight cases (including two cases of H3K27M expression of individual cells) showed K27M mutation in H3F3A gene. Intracranial and spinal cord dissemination occurred in six cases (20.0%, 6/30). Median progression-free survival (PFS) was 9.5 months and median overall survival (OS) was 34 months. Mean PFS was 11.2 months and mean OS was 24.3 months. Compared with adults (>20 years old), children/adolescents (no more than 20 years old) had significantly shorter median OS (8 months vs. 34 months, P=0.013). There was no significant difference in PFS and OS between DMGs located in the brain stem/thalamus and other sites within midline (P>0.05). There was no significant difference in PFS and OS between WHO grade ⅠDMGs and WHO grade Ⅱ-Ⅳ DMGs (P>0.05).@*Conclusions@#DMGs occur more commonly in children and adolescents with male predominance. DMGs present with WHO Ⅰ-Ⅳ tumors morphologically, and pilocytic astrocytoma-like lesions with WHO Ⅰ are more common in adults. Expression of H3K27M but not H3K27me3 is helpful for diagnosis of DMG. The prognosis of children/adolescents is significantly worse than that of adults, whereas histological grade and tumor location do not affect prognosis.

4.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 545-548, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-754948

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the MRI findings of diffuse midline gliomas with H3K27M mutation, and help us understand this new entity and improve the accuracy of diagnosis. Methods The clinical and imaging data of 17 diffuse midline gliomas with H3K27M mutation confirmed by pathology were retrospectively collected from July 2016 to April 2018 in Guangdong Sanjiu Brain Hospital. All patients were performed with pre?contrast and post?contrast MRI examination. All images were analyzed according to the location, shape, boundary, solid or cystic, signal feature, enhancement feature, and degree of edema. Results (1) Location:Six cases located in thalamus,4 cases located in brainstem,1 located in hypothalamus, 6 cases had multiple lesions in the midline and/or involving one or more brain. (2) Morphology and boundary:Seven cases had regular shape and clear boundary, 10 cases had irregular shapes and unclear boundaries. (3) Necrosis, cystic degeneration, hemorrhage: Twelve cases had necrosis or cystic degeneration in varying degree, 4 cases had hemorrhage. (4) Signal and enhancement features: The solid component showed slightly?low or low signal on T1WI, and slightly?high or high signal on T2WI; the cystic component showed obvious low signal on T1WI and obvious high signal on T2WI. T1WI enhancement:Eight cases showed uneven light?moderate enhancements, and all cases were adults; Six cases showed significant enhancements with large or small rings; Three cases showed uneven obvious enhancement. (5) Peritumoral edema: Fourteen cases had mild peritumoral edema,1 case had moderate peritumoral edema,2 cases had obvious peritumoral edema. Conclusion The MRI findings of diffuse midline gliomas with H3K27M mutation had certain characteristics,which can help to improve the level of diagnosis and differential diagnosis.

5.
Journal of Practical Radiology ; (12): 357-361,366, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-743536

ABSTRACT

Objective ToexploretheMRIfeaturesanddifferentialdiagnosisofgemistocyticastrocytoma(GemA).Methods The MRIfeaturesof10casesofGemAprovedbysurgeryandpathologywereinvestigatedretrospectively(thelocationoftumor,tumor shape,boundary,signalandenhancement)andtheliteraturewasreviewed.Results All10casesofGemA weresupratentorialand solitary.Ofthese10cases,7caseswerelocatedinthefrontallobe,5casesinthetemporallobe,6casesinmultiplelobesandinvaded theoppositebraintissuesthroughcorpuscallosum.8casesweresolidGcystic,8casespresentedwithunclearboundary,only2cases hadclearboundary.Therewasnoedemaormildedemain7casesandobviousedemain3cases.Thesolidpartoftumorswereisointense orslighthypointenseonT1WI,only1caseshowedhighintensityonT1WI,isointenseorslighthyperintenseonT2WI.CTsuggested calcificationin2cases.6casesweremildlyenhanced,4casesweremarkedlyenhanced.MRSshowed(n=4)thatCHopeakwasmildly ormoderatelyincreased,NAApeakwassignificantlyreduced,theaverageratioofCho/NAA was2.91.DWIshowedhyperintenseor slighthyperintense(n=3),theADCaveragevalueoftumorROIwasabout(1.150±0.081)×10-3 mm2/s.1caseofSWIsequence showedthickeningandcircuitousvascularshadow.Conclusion AsMRIofGemAischaracterizedbyhighandlowgradegliomas,the preoperativediagnosisisdifficult.Combiningenhancementwithfunctionalexamination,itisexpectedtoimprovetheaccuracyofpreoperative diagnosisofGemA.

6.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 626-630, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-807230

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the safety and efficiency of patient-controlled intravenous analgesia (PCIA) using hydromorphone supplement with dexmedetomidine on patients undergoing transcatheter arterial chemoembolization.@*Methods@#One hundred and eighty patients, age ranged from 40 to 65 years, body mass index from 18 to 25 kg/m2, ASA physical status Ⅱ-Ⅲ, who were scheduled for transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE) under monitor anesthesia care (MAC) were randomly divided into 3 groups: hydromorphone group (H group), hydromorphone supplement with dexmedetomidine 1 μg/kg group (D1 group), hydromorphone supplement with dexmedetomidine 2 μg/kg group (D2 group), 60 patients in every group. All the groups of patients received PCIA pump, in the H group, the PCIA reagent was composed of 120 μg/kg hydromorphone and 5 mg tropisetron in 100 ml of normal saline. In comparison, PCIA regiment was composed of 120 μg/kg hydromorphone, 1 μg/kg dexmedetomidine and 5 mg tropisetron in 100 ml of normal saline in the D1 group, while 120 μg/kg hydromorphone, 2 μg/kg dexmedetomidine and 5 mg tropisetron in 100 ml of normal saline in the D2 group. The visual analogue scale (VAS) score, the observer′s assessment of alertness/sedation scale (OAA/S) score, patients′ satisfaction index, consumption of hydromorphone, the additional dose of morphine, the effective pressing times of PCIA and adverse reactions were recorded in detail at 0, 0.5, 1, 4, 12 and 24 hours after the patients underwent TACE.@*Results@#The total consumptions of hydromorphone were (4.3±0.1), (4.1±0.1), and (3.8±0.1) mg in group H, D1, and D2, respectively, and the effective pressing times were 13±3, 6±2 and 2±1, the additional doses of morphine were (30±5), (15±3), and (3±1) mg, and adverse reaction rates were 45.0%, 28.3%, and 10.0%, respectively. The manifestations mentioned above in D2 group were significantly lower than those in group H and group D1 (P<0.05). Immediately and 5 min after embolization, at the end of surgery and 0.5, 1, 4, 12 and 24 h after surgery, the VAS scores in the D2 group were 1.9±0.2, 2.1±0.3, 1.8±0.4, 1.8±0.3, 1.7±0.3, 1.6±0.3, 1.3±0.2, 1.3±0.3, respectively, lower than those in group H and group D1 (P<0.05); The satisfaction index in D2 group at these times were 8.7±1.1, 8.9±0.8, 9.2±0.9, 9.0±0.7, 9.1±0.8, 9.0±0.6, 9.1±0.7, 9.2±0.9, respectively, higher than those in group H and group D1 (P<0.05). No breath depression happened in these three groups.@*Conclusion@#The formula of hydromorphone combined with dexmedetomidine to patients undergoing TACE is greatly safe and efficient, with advantages in alleviating pain, reducing hydromorphone consumption and the incidence of adverse reaction of hydromorphone, and without breath depression.

7.
Journal of Practical Radiology ; (12): 1835-1838, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-733370

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the diagnostic value of multimodal MRI for dual pathology (DP)in temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE).Methods The methods of voxel based morphometry (VBM)and voxel based analysis (VBA)had been employed to study the difference between 36 patients (20 cases left group and 16 cases right group)with TLE caused by DP and 36 healthy subjects on the grey matter (GM)volume,exponential apparent diffusion coefficient (eADC)and cerebral blood flow (CBF)value.The corresponding statistical study had also been conducted.Results There were significant statistical differences (FDR correction,P=0.001)between healthy subj ects and patients on the GM volume,eADC and CBF value.Those values decreased with diseased laterality and wider range in functional imaging.These overlaying abnormal brain regions were located in the temporal pole (superior temporal gyrus), temporal pole (middle temporal gyrus),middle temporal gyrus,inferior temporal gyrus,fusiform gyrus,hippocampus and parahippocampal gyrus which represented in all examination results.Conclusion The combined findings of multimodal MRI can improve the localization ability of seizure focus in TLE,which caused by DP,before surgery.

8.
Chinese Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation ; (12): 753-755, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-668341

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the impact flat deformity of the cerebral cortex induced by congenital hydrocephalus on motor functioning and cognition.Methods Tomography was used to confirm the presence of flat cortex deformity in three congenital hydrocephalus patients ranging in age from 20 to 33.Their motor control,balance,cognition and ability in the activities of daily living (ADL) were evaluated using the Fugl-Meyer assessment (FMA),the Berg balance scale (BBS),the mini-mental state examination (MMSE) and the modified Barthel index (MBI).Speech dysfunction was judged on the basis of clinical communication.The patients were scanned using a 64-slice spiral CT and size-of-ventricle indices were calculated.Results All 3 patients underwent ventrideperitoneal shunt.Their FMA scores were 75.5,83 and 100,with BBS scores of 4,24 and 56,MMSE scores of 14,23 and 26,and the MBIs of 40,90 and 100.CT images showed obvious ventricle enlargement and a thinner cortex layer in all three,with the thinnest part 0.18 cm,0.22 cm and 0.57 cm.Their ventricle indexes were 303%,288% and 192%,respectively.Conclusion Although there is no systematic rehabilitation therapy for such patients,their motor,cognition and speech functioning were good,indicating the great potential for plasticity of the human brain.

9.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 1425-1428, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-709656

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the efficacy of dexmedetomidine mixed with sufentanil for patient-controlled intravenous analgesia (PCIA) in the patients undergoing transcatheter hepatic arterial chemoembolization (TACE).Methods One hundred and twenty patients of both sexes,aged 40-65 yr,weighing 45-80 kg,of American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status Ⅰ-Ⅲ,scheduled for elective TACE under monitored anesthesia care,were divided into 2 groups (n =60 each) using a random number table:sufentanil group (S group) and dexmedetomidine mixed with sufentanil group (DS group).At 15 min prior to surgery,0.1 μg/kg sufentanil and 5 mg tropisetron were intravenously injected in both groups.In addition,dexmedetomidine 0.6 μg/kg was intravenously infused for 15 min in DS group,while the equal volume of normal saline was given instead in S group.PCIA solution contained sufentanil 2 μg/kg and tropisetron 5 mg in 100 ml of normal saline in S group.PCIA solution contained sufentanil 2 μg/kg,dexmedetomidine 2.μg/kg and tropisetron 5 ng in 100 ml of normal saline in DS group.The PCIA pump was programmed to deliver a 0.5 ml bolus dose with a lockout interval of 15 min and background infusion of 2 ml/h.Observer's Assessment of Alertness/Sedation Scale scores and scores for patient's satisfaction with analgesia were recorded at 30 min and 2,6,12,24 and 48 h after surgery.The pressing times of PCIA,total consumption of sufentanil and requirenent for morphine as rescue analgesics were recorded.The development of requirement for antiemetics,nausea and vomiting,bradycardia,respiratory depression and agitation was also recorded during analgesia.Results Compared with S group,the pressing times of PCIA,total consumption of sufentanil and requirement for morphine were significantly reduced,scores for satisfaction with analgesia were increased,and Observer's Assessment of Alertness/Sedation Scale scores were decreased (P<0.05),and no significant change was found in the incidence of nausea and vomiting,additional requirement for antiemetics,bradycardia,respiratory depression or agitation in DS group (P>0.05).Conclusion Dexmedetomidine mixed with sufentanil produces better efficacy than sufentanil alone when used for PCIA in the patients undergoing TACE.

10.
Chinese Journal of Nervous and Mental Diseases ; (12): 458-463, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-660857

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the neuroimaging and pathological features of epithelioid glioblastoma (EGBM) to improve the diagnosis.Methods The clinical and pathological features of 4 E-GBM cases were analyzed retrospectively.Results E-GBMs occurred predominantly in young adults.MRI examination showed irregular solidcystic lesion with heterogeneous or ring enhancement in 4 cases.Histological examination revealed uniform population of epithelioid or rhabdoid cells with prominent nucleoli and mitotic activity as well as geographic necrosis..Immunohistochemical staining showed various positive signals of Vimentin and S-100 protein in 4 cases,positive signal of BRAF (VE1) in 3 cases and focal positive signal of GFAP in 1 case.However,IDH-1 was negative and 1p/19q codeletion was lack.All patients were followed-up for 2-6 months.One patient had tumor recurrence 3 months and one patient died of disease 6 months after surgical excision.Conclusion E-GBM has a poor outcome and is closely associated with pleomorphic xanthoastrocytoma.MRI and epithelioid histological features are very important for the differential diagnosis.

11.
Chinese Journal of Nervous and Mental Diseases ; (12): 458-463, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-658109

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the neuroimaging and pathological features of epithelioid glioblastoma (EGBM) to improve the diagnosis.Methods The clinical and pathological features of 4 E-GBM cases were analyzed retrospectively.Results E-GBMs occurred predominantly in young adults.MRI examination showed irregular solidcystic lesion with heterogeneous or ring enhancement in 4 cases.Histological examination revealed uniform population of epithelioid or rhabdoid cells with prominent nucleoli and mitotic activity as well as geographic necrosis..Immunohistochemical staining showed various positive signals of Vimentin and S-100 protein in 4 cases,positive signal of BRAF (VE1) in 3 cases and focal positive signal of GFAP in 1 case.However,IDH-1 was negative and 1p/19q codeletion was lack.All patients were followed-up for 2-6 months.One patient had tumor recurrence 3 months and one patient died of disease 6 months after surgical excision.Conclusion E-GBM has a poor outcome and is closely associated with pleomorphic xanthoastrocytoma.MRI and epithelioid histological features are very important for the differential diagnosis.

12.
China Journal of Endoscopy ; (12): 12-15, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-618525

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the clinical effect and safety of peroral endoscopic myotomy (POEM) with surgical therapy in treatment of esophageal achalasia. Methods 78 patients diagnosed as esophageal achalasia from January 2012 to October 2014 were enrolled in the study and divided into POME group and Heller group. There were 42 patients in POEM group and 36 patients in Heller group. The clinical symptom remission rate, LES resting pressure, Eckardt scores, complication rate, length of hospital stay and the hospitalization expenses were analyzed between the two groups. Results The patients in POEM group and Heller group both got clinical remissions after the treatment. There was no statistical difference in the rate of complication occurrence, Eckardt scores and LES resting pressure between the two groups. Patients in POEM group had shorter operation time, hospital stay and less expenses compared with the Heller group. Conclusions Compared with Heller group, the POEM group has the similar curative effect in treatment of esophageal achalasia. The POEM as a minimally invasive surgery has the advantages of less pain and trauma, shorter hospital stay, well tolerated and low cost. Therefore, the POEM is worth to be popularized and applied in treating esophageal achalasia.

13.
China Journal of Endoscopy ; (12): 90-93, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-621315

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effect and pathological characters for patients with early esophageal carcinoma and intraepithelial neoplasia after endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD). Methods 69 patients from January 2013 to January 2016 were treated with ESD at the early stage of esophageal carcinoma and intraepithelial neoplasia. The clinical features and the size of the lesions of all the patients were collected. Then analyzed postoperative complications and pathological characteristics. Results Among 69 cases, 16 were early esophageal cancer, 38 were high-grade esophageal neoplasia and 35 were low-grade esophageal neoplasia. The whole piece resection rate was 100.00 % (69/69), complete resection rate and curative resection rate was 95.65 % (66/69), respectively. The largest removal diameter is 7.0 cm. Biopsy accuracy was 69.57 % (48/69). Compared with biopsy, diagnostic accuracy with ESD specimens is higher. Conclusion The early esophageal carcinoma and intraepithelial neoplasia can be treated with ESD. ESD can resect lesions primarily, provide complete specimen for further pathological assessment and improve diagnostic accuracy.

14.
Chinese Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation ; (12): 433-436, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-380564

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the effects of rehabilitation training on learning and memory ability and the expression of growth-associated protein-43(GAP-43)in rats with vascular dementia.Methods Forty-four female Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly assigned to a rehabilitation group(n=20),an immobilization group(n=20),and a sham-operation group(n=4).The rats in the former 2 groups were operated on to establish the experimental vascular dementia model by repeatedly ischemia/reperfusion injury of brain induced by ligation of bilateral common carotid arteries and lowering of blood pressure induced by intraabdominal injection of sodium nitroprusside.The rats in rehabilitation group were administered with rotating bar and rolling cage exercises for 1 hour once daily,while those in the immobilization group were immobilized and without any exercise:the rats in sham-operation group could move freely in cage.Learning and memory tests were preformed by using step-down avoidance test at the 27th and 28th days after operation.Immunohistochemical staining was used to detect GAP-43 expression in hippocampus CA1 area at different time points after operation. Results The rats in rehabilitation group demonstrated better learning and memory ability than those in immobilization group(P<0.01),and more GAP-43 expression in hippocampus CA1 ar-ea than those in immobilization group and sham-operation(P<0.01).Conclusion Rehabilitation training can im-prove the learning and memory ability of rats with experimental vascular dementia,and the mechanism is probably re-lated to the increase of GAP-43 in hippocampus CA1 area.

15.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 426-431, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-401248

ABSTRACT

Objective To determine the feasibility of magnetically labeling and tracking mesenchymal stem cells(MSCs)in vitro by using a gadolinium and fluorescent bi-functionally transfection agent of polyethylenimine.Methods A gadolinium bifunctional transfection reagent complex was obtained after the linear polyethylenimine derivative(JetPEI-FluoR)was incubated with Gd-DTPA.Mesenchymal stem cells isolated from the bone marrows of SD rats were cultured and expanded.The mesenchymal stem cells were incubated with the bi-functional labeling agents.After labeling,the MSCs were examined with fluoroscope and electron microscope and the biological characters were detected including trypan blue exclusion test,MTT,and apoptosis detection.On a 1.5 T MR system,the labeled MSCs were examined with spin echo T1 WI and T2 WI and T1 measurement with mixed sequence.After labeling,the cells were cultured and undergone routine passage.Prior MR examinations were repeated for each passage of labeled cells.All data was statistically prolessed with SPSS for Windows.Results Of 5×105 MSCs incubated with the bi-functional agents,4.25×105 MSCs were successfully labeled,the percentage of labeled MSCs was 85% fluoroscopically.The high density electron particles of gadolinium observed electron microscopically existed around cellular apparatuses,especially around Golgi apparatus.In trypan blue exclusion test,the exclusion rate of labeled MSCs with incubation duration of 3,6,12,24 h was(96.55±2.90)%,(94.17±2.56)%,(97.16±3.12)% and(94.23±2.67)%,respectively.The corresponding exclusion rate of unlabeled MSCs was(95.86±2.67)%,(92.04±2.21)%,(93.38±3.64)%and(92.12±2.53)%,respectively.There was no statistical difference of trypan blue exclusion rate between labeled cells and control unlabeled cells within 24 hours of incubation(F=4.523,P>0.05).In the proliferation test,the optical absorption value of labeled MSC with 2.5,5.0,10.0,20.0,30.0 and 40.0 μl bi-functional labeling agent was(0.1884±0.0151),(0.1878±0.0190),(0.1741±0.0160),(0.1135±0.0215),(0.1079±0.0145)and(0.0811±0.0079),respectively.The corresponding optical absorption value of unlabeled MSCs was(0.1940±0.0116).The optical absorption value of labeled cells was not affected in case of less than 30.0 μl of Gd-DTPA(q'=0.2225-0.9458,P>0.05).The apoptosis index for labeled cells and unlabeled cells were 5.08% and 3.86%,respectively.On T1 WI,the signal intensity and T1 relaxation time of unlabeled cells and labeled cells were 240.3±24.7 and(2457±56)ms,336.2±20.7 and(1102±64)ms,respectively,and there were significant statistical difference(t=12.656,17.889,P<0.01).The minimal amount of cells which was detectable for T1 WI was 5×103.After routine passage,the gadolinium in the cells gradually decreased and could be tracked by MRI until the fifth passage.Conclusions The gadolinium and fluorescent bi-functionally labeling rat bone marrow mesenchymal stem cell by using the transfection agent of polyethylenimine is feasible,efficient and safe.The labeled cells could be tracked in vitro on MR imaging.

16.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 445-452, 2007.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-310494

ABSTRACT

The serine/threonine phosphatase (PP1) isoform PP1 gamma 2, predominantly expressed in the testis, is a key enzyme in spermatozoa. High PP1 gamma 2 catalytic activity holds motility in check in immature spermatozoa. Inhibition of PP1 gamma 2 causes motility initiation in immature spermatozoa and motility stimulation and changes in flagellar beat parameters in mature spermatozoa. The PP1 gamma 2 isoform is present in all mammalian spermatozoa studied: mouse, rat, hamster, bovine, non-human primate and man. We have now identified at least four of its regulatory proteins that regulate distinct pools of PP1 gamma 2 within spermatozoa. Our studies provide new insights into biochemical mechanisms underlying development and regulation of sperm motility. We hypothesize that changes in sperm PP1 gamma 2 activity as a result of phosphorylation and reversible binding of the regulatory proteins to the catalytic subunit are critical in the development and regulation of motility and the ability of sperm to fertilize eggs. Targeted disruption of the Ppp1cc gene, which encodes the PP1 gamma 1 or PP1 gamma 2 isoforms, causes male infertility in mice as a result of impaired spermiogenesis. Our observations suggest that, in addition to motility, the protein phosphatase PP1 gamma 2 might play an isoform-specific function in the development of specialized flagellar structures of mammalian spermatozoa.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , Cricetinae , Humans , Male , Mice , Epididymis , Physiology , Homeostasis , Phosphoprotein Phosphatases , Genetics , Metabolism , Sperm Motility , Physiology , Spermatozoa , Physiology , Testis
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