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1.
Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (12): 1897-1902, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-987276

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo analyze the effect and possible mechanism of the synergistic treatment with Qingjin Huazhuo Formula (清金化浊方, QHF) on the occurrence of thrombotic events in hospitalized patients with acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (AECOPD) and phlegm heat stasis obstructing in the lung syndrome. MethodsIn a retrospective cohort study, 305 AECOPD inpatients with the syndrome of phlegm heat stasis obstructing in the lung were included. According to whether using QHF (the course of treatment ≥ 7 days), they were divided into the exposure group (193 cases) and the non-exposure group (112 cases). Totally, 109 pairs of cases were obtained by 1∶1 propensity score matching (PSM). After matching, the occurrence of thrombotic events during hospitalization, the remission of main symptoms or signs (including cough, expectoration, wheezing, cyanosis) after 10 days (±3 days) of treatment, and the difference of the indicators including D-dimer, percentage of neutrophils (NEUT%), C-reactive protein (CRP), arterial partial pressure of oxygen (PaO2), and arterial partial pressure of carbon dioxide (PaCO2) before treatment and after 10 days (±3 days) of treatment during the first auxiliary examination. ResultsAfter matching, the incidence of thrombotic events during hospitalization in the exposure group (5 cases, 4.59%) were lower than that of the non-exposure group (15 cases, 13.76%, P<0.05). The exposure factor that taking QHF for 7 days or above was a protective factor for thrombotic events in AECOPD hospitalized patients with phlegm heat stasis obstructing in the lung syndrome (RR = 0.333, 95% CI 0.126 to 0.885). The remission rates of cough (100/109, 91.74%), expectoration (103/109, 94.50%), wheezing (102/109, 93.58%), and cyanosis (97/109, 88.99%) in the exposure group were significantly higher than those in the non-exposure group (90/109, 82.57%; 94/109, 86.24%; 89/109, 81.65%; 86/109, 78.90%) after treatment (P<0.05). After treatment, the levels of D-dimer, NEUT%, CRP and PaCO2 in both groups significantly decreased (all P<0.05), and the level of PaO2 significantly increased (P<0.05). The difference of the levels of D-dimer, NEUT% and PaO2 in the exposure group before and after treatment were larger than those in the non-exposure group (P<0.05), while the pre-post difference of CRP and PaCO2 were not significantly different between the two groups (P>0.05). ConclusionThe synergistic treatment with QHF can effectively reduce the occurrence of thrombotic events, alleviate the clinical symptoms or signs such as cough, expectoration, wheezing, and cyanosis, and can improve lung function in hospita-lized patients with AECOPD and phlegm heat stasis obstructing in the lung syndrome. Its mechanism may be related to improving blood coagulation and inflammatory status.

2.
Chinese Journal of Behavioral Medicine and Brain Science ; (12): 1096-1101, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-800500

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the characteristics of the default memory network (DMN) and working memory network (WMN) at resting state brain functional network of exercise addiction people.@*Methods@#Twenty-nine sports addicts and 26 non-sports addicts matched by sex, age, average education level and sports dependence were screened by the exercise addiction index (EAI). Resting status brain scanning was performed with 3.0T magnetic resonance scanner.Sparse approximation coefficients independent component analysis (SACICA) model was used to analyze the independent components of brain networks.@*Results@#Compared with the DMN template, four features were extracted, including " basic conformity" , " less frontal lobe" , " more frontal lobe" and " less occipitoparietal lobe" . Compared with the parameters of " basic conformity" , the proportion of exercise addiction group (33.3%, 9/27) was higher than that of control group (18.2%, 4/22). In the other three parameters, the proportion of exercise addiction group (37.0%, 10/27; 3.7%, 1/27; 22.2%, 6/27) was lower than those of control group (45.5%, 10/22; 22.7%, 5/22; 27.3%, 6/22). But Chi-square test showed that there was no significant difference between the two groups(all P>0.05). Compared with the WMN template, six features were extracted, including " basic conformity" , " more frontal and parietal lobes" , " more parietal lobes" , " more frontal lobes" , " less frontal lobes" and " less parietal lobes" . The percentages of the first three features in exercise addiction group (22.2%, 6/27; 7.4%, 2/27; 7.4%, 2/27) were less than those in the control group (45.5%, 10/22; 22.7%, 5/22; 9.1%, 2/22), while the percentages of the last three features in the exercise addiction group (7.4%, 2/27; 37.0%, 10/27; 14.8%, 4/27) were higher than those in the control group (4.5%, 1/22; 13.6%, 3/22; 0, 0). Chi-square test showed that there was no significant difference in all features between the two groups was statistically(P>0.05).@*Conclusion@#No significant characteristic changes are found in DMN and WMN networks of exercise addiction population.

3.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Endoscopy ; (12): 891-896, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-800290

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To study the effects of endoscopic submucosal dissection(ESD) on long-term quality of life (QOL) and gastric function of patients with distal early gastric cancer (EGC), compared with those of surgery.@*Methods@#Patients with EGC who received ESD or surgical resection in Peking Union Medical College Hospital over 1 year ago were selected to be followed up. QLQ-C30, SF-36, EQ-5D and dyspeptic symptom rating scale were used to evaluate QOL. Five-hour gastric emptying rate was used to evaluate distal gastric function. Electronic gastroscopy was used to observe whether the anastomotic stoma was stenotic. According to the age at resection, 1 to 1 matching was performed between the distal 1/3 gastric ESD (EP) group and the distal subtotal gastrectomy (SP) group, and then the QOL and gastric function between the two groups were compared.@*Results@#Twenty-five patients were included in group EP and group SP respectively. According to QLQ-C30, the scores of cognitive function were 83.3 (83.3, 83.3) in group EP and 83.3 (83.3, 100.0) in group SP (P=0.056). The proportion of patients with symptoms (fatigue, nausea and vomiting, pain, dyspnea, insomnia, appetite loss, constipation, diarrhea and financial difficulties) between the two groups were not statistically different. There was no statistical difference in the scores of EQ-5D and SF-36 between the two groups. According to dyspeptic symptom rating scale, 56.0% patients in group EPhad burning sensation, but only 28.0% in group SP had this symptom (P=0.054). 20.0% of patients in group SPreported nausea, while only 4.0% in group EP had this symptom (P=0.084). Gastric emptying results showed that the proportion of patients with abnormal 5-hour gastric emptying rate was 31.8% in group EP, while there was no abnormal emptying in group SP (P=0.003). Gastroscopy results showed that one patient in group EP had pyloric stenosis, but 5-hour gastric emptying rate was normal. All anastomotic stomas in group Sp were unobstructed.@*Conclusion@#ESD and surgical resection for distal EGC show similar long-term effects on QOL of patients. But the long-term gastric emptying function may decrease after distal gastric ESD.

4.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Endoscopy ; (12): 891-896, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-824830

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the effects of endoscopic submucosal dissection(ESD) on long-term quality of life ( QOL) and gastric function of patients with distal early gastric cancer ( EGC) , compared with those of surgery. Methods Patients with EGC who received ESD or surgical resection in Peking Union Medical College Hospital over 1 year ago were selected to be followed up. QLQ-C30, SF-36, EQ-5D and dyspeptic symptom rating scale were used to evaluate QOL. Five-hour gastric emptying rate was used to evaluate distal gastric function. Electronic gastroscopy was used to observe whether the anastomotic stoma was stenotic. According to the age at resection, 1 to 1 matching was performed between the distal 1/3 gastric ESD ( EP ) group and the distal subtotal gastrectomy ( SP ) group, and then the QOL and gastric function between the two groups were compared. Results Twenty-five patients were included in group EP and group SP respectively. According to QLQ-C30, the scores of cognitive function were 83. 3 (83. 3, 83. 3) in group EP and 83. 3 (83. 3, 100. 0) in group SP(P=0. 056). The proportion of patients with symptoms (fatigue, nausea and vomiting, pain, dyspnea, insomnia, appetite loss, constipation, diarrhea and financial difficulties) between the two groups were not statistically different. There was no statistical difference in the scores of EQ-5D and SF-36 between the two groups. According to dyspeptic symptom rating scale, 56. 0%patients in group EPhad burning sensation, but only 28.0% in group SP had this symptom (P=0.054).20. 0% of patients in group SP reported nausea, while only 4. 0% in group EP had this symptom ( P=0. 084) . Gastric emptying results showed that the proportion of patients with abnormal 5-hour gastric emptying rate was 31. 8% in group EP, while there was no abnormal emptying in group SP(P=0. 003). Gastroscopy results showed that one patient in group EP had pyloric stenosis, but 5-hour gastric emptying rate was normal. All anastomotic stomas in group Sp were unobstructed. Conclusion ESD and surgical resection for distal EGC show similar long-term effects on QOL of patients. But the long-term gastric emptying function may decrease after distal gastric ESD.

5.
Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine ; (12): 450-453, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-710078

ABSTRACT

In order to study the significance of CD276 and CD133 in the development and progression of colorectal cancer (CRC),the expression of CD276 and CD133 was detected by immunohistochemistry in CRC and precancerous lesions.The results showed that the intensity of CD276 and CD133 in CRC samples was higher than that in adenoma group and non-adenoma group.CD276 and CD133 single and double positive expression were significantly correlated with CRC lymph node metastasis,distant metastasis and survival.CD276 and CD133 are significantly correlated to the development and progression of CRC and associated with poor prognosis.

6.
Chinese Journal of Biochemical Pharmaceutics ; (6): 428-430, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-612676

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effect of psychological intervention combined with drug multimodal treatment on analgesic effect and stress reaction in Department of orthopedics.Methods80 cases of Department of orthopedics patients in Ruian City People's Hospital from March 2016 to March 2017 were selected and randomly divided into control group and observation group, 40 cases in each group.The control group was treated with drugs only, and the observation group was treated with psychological intervention combined with multi multimodal.The analgesic effect and stress response of the 2 groups were observed.ResultsThe satisfaction rate in observation group were significantly higher than the control group.There was no significant difference in heart rate, diastolic blood pressure and systolic blood pressure between two groups before intervention, after group intervention, the changs in observation group were relatively small, and the difference was statistically significant(P<0.05).Visual acupuncture scores were observed at different time points,the pain in the observation group was significantly lower than that in the control group, the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05).ConclusionMultimodal therapy for analgesia in the Department of orthopedics and found psychological intervention combined with stress reaction the drug, compared with simple drug intervention, can play a good analgesic effect, at the same time to reduce the patient's stress response, so it is worthy of reference.

7.
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 158-161, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-608152

ABSTRACT

Objective T o explore the occurrence and the differences of clinical m anifestations of organic personality disorder w ith varying degrees of craniocerebral traum a. Methods A ccording to the Interna-tional C lassification of D iseases-10, 396 subjects w ith craniocerebral traum a caused by traffic accidents w ere diagnosed, and the degrees of craniocerebral traum a w ere graded. T he personality characteristics of all patients w ere evaluated using the sim plified N euroticism E xtraversion O penness Five-Factor Inventory (N E O-FFI). Results T he occurrence rate of organic personality disorder w as 34.6% w hile it w as 34.9%and 49.5% in the patients w ith m oderate and severe craniocerebral traum a, respectively, w hich signifi-cantly higher than that in the patients (18.7% ) of m ild craniocerebral traum a (P<0.05). C om pared w ith the patients w ithout personality disorder, the neuroticism , extraversion and agreeableness scores all show ed significantly differences (P<0.05) in the patients of m ild craniocerebral traum a w ith personality disorder; the neuroticism , extraversion, agreeableness and conscientiousness scores show ed significantly differences (P<0.05) in the patients of m oderate and severe craniocerebral traum a w ith personality disor-der. T he agreeableness and conscientiousness scores in the patients of m oderate and severe craniocerebral traum a w ith personality disorder w ere significantly low er than that of m ild craniocerebral traum a, and the patients of severe craniocerebral traum a had a low er score in extraversion than in the patients of m ild craniocerebral traum a. Conclusion T he severity of craniocerebral traum a is closely related to the in-cidence of organic personality disorder, and it also affects the clinical features of the latter, w hich pro-vides a certain significance and help for forensic psychiatric assessm ent.

8.
Chinese Journal of Hepatobiliary Surgery ; (12): 512-516, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-478501

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the clinical value of 256-slice CT whole hepatic perfusion imaging in transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE) for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC).Methods Twenty-three patients with hepatocellular carcinoma underwent whole hepatic perfusion with the JOG technique one week before TACE.The scanning data of cancer and liver tissues were analyzed using the perfusion software.The cancer tissue perfusion was repeated 4 to 6 weeks after treatment and was compared with that before treatment.Results (1) Before TACE,the HCC lesions were shown on the hepatic arterial perfusion (HAP) map as homogeneous hyper-perfusion lesions in 8 patients and as inhomogeneous hyper-perfusion lesions in 15 patients.The HAP and hepatic arterial perfusion index (HAPI) values of the tumor were higher than those of the liver tissues,while the hepatic portal perfusion (HPP) values of the tumor was lower than that of the liver tissues.The differences were all significant (P < 0.05).(2) Mter TACE,the tumors were totally filled with lipiodol in 3 patients,partially filled with lipiodol in 13 patients,and sparsely filled with lipiodol in the remaining 3 patients.There was no blood perfusion in the lipiodol-filled areas and in the cancer necrotic tissues,but in the sparsely or partially lipiodol-filled areas blood perfusion could still be seen.21 patients received another session of TACE 6 to 8 weeks later.The results between the hepatic arterial digital subtraction angiography (DSA) and the CT perfusion were 100% matching.The HAP and HAPI values of the tumor decreased when compared with before treatment,and the difference was significant (both P <0.05).The HPP values decreased slightly with no significant difference (P > 0.05),while higher HAP and HPI and lower HPP were observed in the active cancer tissues when compared with the liver tissues after treatment (P < 0.05).Conclusion 256-slice MSCT whole liver perfusion imaging can quantitatively reflect abnormal perfusion of hepatocellular carcinoma tissues and postoperative active tissues,and has important guiding significance in the preoperative evaluation,and the postoperative follow up of patients treated with TACE.

9.
Chinese Journal of Pharmacology and Toxicology ; (6): 260-264, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-474454

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To investigate the role of gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) in es-tradiol(E2 ) induced advance of puberty onset in rats. METHODS Postnatal day 18 SD rats were given a daily intragastric administration of corn oil or E2(50 μg.kg-1 ) for consecutive 5 d. The day of vaginal opening (VO), pathological changes in ovary and protein expression levels of GnRH, G protein-coupled receptor 54 ( GPR54) and phospholipase C ( PLC) in hypothalamus were observed. RESULTS As compared to corn oil controll group, VO was advanced by about 12.2 d, corpus luteum was observed in the ovary section, and the protein expression levels of GnRH,GPR54 and PLC in hypothalamus were significantly increased by 47%, 55% and 56% in E2 group, respectively. CONCLUSION E2 induced onset of puberty advance may be closely related to regulation of the expression of GnRH, GPR54 and PLC in hypothalamus.

10.
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 470-473, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-500301

ABSTRACT

Individual stature estim ation is one of the m ost im portant contents of forensic anthropology. C urrently, it has been used that the regression equations established by the data collected by direct m ea-surem ent or radiological techniques in a certain group of lim bs, irregular bones, and anatom ic landm arks. D ue to the im pact of population m obility, hum an physical im provem ent, racial and geographic differ-ences, estim ation of individual stature should be a regular study. T his paper review s the different m ethods of stature estim ation, briefly describes the advantages and disadvantages of each m ethod, and prospects a new research direction.

11.
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 422-424, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-500270

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the pathological features and significance of m yocardial contraction band necrosis in sudden cardiac death. Methods Using HE and PTA Hstaining, the distribution sites and pathological features of m yocardial contraction band necrosis were observed. The data were analyzed accord-ing to the extent of necrosis. Results The locations, pathological features and the extent of necrosis were sim ilar in different sudden death cases. The locations were related with sites of m yocardial dam age. The papillary m uscles of left ventricular were m ost occurred, followed by the anterior wall of left ventricular. In the sudden death cases caused by stress cardiom yopathy, the extent of m yocardial contraction band necrosis was lighter than the others. Most cases were predom inantly level 1, the others were level 2. Conclusion Used as the diagnosis basis of acute m yocardial ischem ia, the m yocardial contraction band necrosis has im portant significance to determ ination of death.

12.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Ophthalmology ; (12): 250-254, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-637501

ABSTRACT

Background Application of available technology and objective indexes are very important for the early diagnosis,monitoring and therapeutic evaluation of primary open angle glaucoma (POAG).Many studies have determined retinal damage in structure and function in POAG.However,the study on the association of structural damage and functional abnormality in early POAG is still lack.Objective This study was to evaluate the relationship between structural and functional changes of retina in early stage of POAG.Methods A prospectively pilot study was performed under the approval of Ethic Committee of Shenzhen Eye Hospital from January 2011 to June 2013.Based on Helsinki Declaration,written informed consent was obtained from subject prior to entering the cohort.Ninety-five eyes of 95 POAG patients were included as the study group,and 41 eyes of 41 non-glaucoma subjects were enrolled at the same period as controls.The structural parameters of retinas were measured using RTVue-100 OCT and Cirrus HD-OCT respectively,including macular ganglion cell complex (GCC)-Avg thickness and peripapillary retinal neural fibril layer (RNFL)-Avg thickness;and the functional parameters of retinas were obtained by Humphrey visual filed analyzer and RETI scan 3.15 system respectively,including MD of visual field and PhNR of flash electroretinogram (F-ERG).The associations between the GCC or RNFL thickness and M D or amplitude of PhNR were evaluated by linear and curvilinear regression models.Results The MD,GCC-Avg,RNFL-Avg and PhNR amplitude were (-0.68±1.72)dB,(97.17± 4.82)μm,(102.51±8.74) μm and (49.61±11.01)μV respectively in the control subjects,and those in the POAG patients were (-10.82±9.87) dB,(75.07±12.29) μm,(69.09±12.96) μm and (28.38± 11.52) μV,showing significant differences between them (t =6.549,11.118,-15.061,9.956,all at P=0.001).The curvilinear regression model appeared to better describe the relationship between GCC thickness and MD (R2 =0.595,F=97.089,P<0.001) ;while a linear regression model seemed to be better fit for the relationship between GCC thickness and amplitude of PhNR (R2=0.437,F=103.413,P<0.001).RNFL thickness analysis showed the similar regression models with MD and amplitude of PhNR as GCC thickness,but R2 values were higher between the RNFL thickness and MD (R2 =0.606,F =101.666,P<0.001) or amplitude of PhNR (R2 =0.454,F=54.983,P<0.001).Conclusions Both GCC thickness and RNFL thickness show a curvilinear relationship with MD and a linear relationship with amplitude of PhNR.Goodness-of-fit of RNFL thickness is superior to GCC thickness.

13.
Chinese Journal of Medical Imaging ; (12): 458-460,465, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-601439

ABSTRACT

Purpose Blast lung injury is severe, and is the main causes of death in explosion. This paper aims to explore the imaging features of blast lung injury, and to provide reference for clinical diagnosis and care. Materials and Methods The clinical data of 37 patients with primary blast lung injury stricken in the 8.2 Kunshan explosion in 2014 were retrospectively studied, with regard to the degree of burn, area, auxiliary emergency treatment and medical history. The imaging manifestations of X-ray and/or CT were also analyzed. Results ① The X-ray and/or CT findings of chest showed that 6 cases (16.2%) presented no obvious abnormality of lung parenchyma, 14 cases (37.8%) manifested increase of lung markings and spot-like clouding opacity, 6 cases (16.2%) presented ground glass opacity, 7 cases (18.9%) manifested patchy shadow, 4 cases (10.8%) showed diffuse consolidation. 6 cases (16.2%) with pleural effusion, 6 cases (16.2%) complicated with pneumothorax and hydropneumothorax, 4 cases (10.8%) with enlarged podoid and pericardial effusion, 2 cases (5.4%) with mediastinal hematoma, 9 cases (24.3%) with rib fracture. The positive rate of X-ray film inspection was 72.2% (13/18), yet that of CT reached 92.9% (13/14). ② Five patients who had not been seen obvious abnormal in emergency lung examination appeared mottling shadows or flake fuzzy shadows in the examination on the second day; 9 cases with aggravated symptoms and infection signs displayed relieved signs, expanded or changed primary lesions. Conclusion Imaging examination is an important tool in the diagnosis of primary blast lung injury. CT is superior to X-ray film on the detection of lesions; therefore, CT examination on chest should be carried out as soon as possible if conditions are allowed.

14.
Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 651-656, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-243909

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>The present study aimed to evaluate the Mandarin tone identification ability in children with hearing impairment (HI) in quiet and in noise using the new developed Mandarin Tone Identification Test (MTIT), and to evaluate the practical application of MTIT.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>Subjects were Mandarin-speaking children with moderate, severe and profound HI and aged from 5 to 12 years (n = 81, Male = 37, Female = 44). The MTIT was administered in five test conditions: in quiet and in -10, -5, 0 and +5 dB signal-to-noise ratios (S/N).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The degree of HI significantly influenced the tone identification ability. The tone identification performance of children with moderate to severe HI was significantly better than that of children with profound HI. However, when compared with children with normal hearing, the performance of children with moderate to severe HI was not satisfactory. Among the six tone contrasts, the Tone 1/Tone 2 and Tone 2/Tone 3 contrasts were the most difficult tone contrasts for children with profound HI and the Tone 2/Tone 3 contrast was the most difficult for children with moderate to severe HI in quiet.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>MTIT could be used to examine tone perception ability of children with hearing aids. In quiet, the Tone 1/Tone 2 and Tone 2/Tone 3 contrasts are difficult to identify, while six tone contrasts are all difficult to identify for children with HI in noise. In future, the MTIT can also be used to evaluate the tone identification ability on children cochlear implants.</p>


Subject(s)
Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Male , Audiometry, Speech , Cochlear Implants , Hearing Aids , Hearing Loss , Diagnosis , Language , Noise , Signal-To-Noise Ratio , Speech Perception
15.
The Korean Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology ; : 461-467, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-727699

ABSTRACT

The hypothesis of this study was that diabetes-induced desensitization of rat soleus (SOL) and extensor digitorum longus (EDL) to non-depolarizing muscle relaxants (NDMRs) depends on the stage of diabetes and on the kind of NDMRs. We tested the different magnitude of resistance to vecuronium, cisatracurium, and rocuronium at different stages of streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetes by the EDL sciatic nerve-muscle preparations, and the SOL sciatic nerve-muscle preparations from rats after 4 and 16 weeks of STZ treatment. The concentration-twitch tension curves were significantly shifted from those of the control group to the right in the diabetic groups. Concentration giving 50% of maximal inhibition (IC50) was larger in the diabetic groups for all the NDMRs. For rocuronium and cisatracurium in both SOL and EDL, IC50 was significantly larger in diabetic 16 weeks group than those in the diabetic 4 weeks group. For SOL/EDL, the IC50 ratios were significantly largest in the diabetic 16 weeks group, second largest in the diabetic 4 weeks group, and smallest for the control group. Diabetes-induced desensitization to NDMRs depended on the stage of diabetes and on the different kind of muscles observed while was independent on different kind of NDMRs. The resistance to NDMRs was stronger in the later stage of diabetes (16 versus 4 weeks after STZ treatment). Additionally, when monitoring in SOL, diabetes attenuated the actions of neuromuscular blockade more intensely than that in EDL. Nonetheless, the hyposensitivity to NDMRs in diabetes was not relevant for the kind of NDMRs.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental , Inhibitory Concentration 50 , Muscles , Neuromuscular Blockade , Neuromuscular Junction , Neuromuscular Nondepolarizing Agents , Streptozocin , Vecuronium Bromide
16.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 1053-1055, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-442060

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effect of long-term glucocorticoid administration on nondepolarizing muscle relaxants-induced neuromuscular blockade in rat diaphragma in vitro.Methods Forty adult male SpragueDawley rats,aged 8 weeks,weighing 180-220 g,were randomized into 2 groups (n =20 each):control group (group C) and dexamethasone group (group D).In group D,dexamethasone 0.6 mg/kg was injected intraperitoneally once a day for 14 consecutive days,while the equal volume of normal saline was injected instead of dexamethasone in group C.The left phrenic nerve-hemidiaphragm was removed at 24 h after the last injection to evaluate the effect of d-tubocurarine.Different concentrations (0-10 μmol/L) of d-tubocurarine were added.The d-tubocurarine concentration-effect curve was drawn.The half inhibitory concentration and 95 % confidence interval of d-tubocurarine were calculated.Right diaphragma was removed for determination of the expression of embryonic nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChRγ) mRNA and adult nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChRε) mRNA by RTPCR.Results Compared with group C,the concentration-effect curve was shifted to the right,the half inhibitory concentration was significantly increased,and the expression of nAChRγ mRNA and nAChRε mRNA was up-regulated in group D (P < 0.05).Conclusion Long-term glucocorticoid administration can weaken nondepolarizing muscle relaxants-induced neuromuscular blockade in rat diaphragma in vitro,and up-regulation of nAChR mRNA expression may be involved in the mechanism.

17.
Chinese Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation ; (12): 669-672, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-429247

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the effect of transcranial ultrasound (US) on arterial recanalization in acute ischemic stroke patients.Methods Patients with acute middle cerebral artery (MCA) main stem occlusion after 6 h were randomized into a target group receiving low-frequency,pulse-wave mode,transcranial US for 30 min or a control group.All were treated with intravenous urokinase for thrombolysis.Transcranial doppler sonography (TCD) was used to document vascular occlusion and confirm recanalization at 2 h and 24 h after treatment,and the patients were evaluated using the National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale ( NIHSS).Results Recanilization (complete or partial) after 2 hours was significantly higher in the US group (44.4%) compared with the control group ( 10.5% ).Recanalization had occurred in 50% of the US group 24 hours after treatment compared with 15.7% of the controls.At 2 h after treatment,33.3% of the US group and 5.5% of the controls had improved at least 4 points on the NIHSS assessment.After 24 hours the figures were 44.4% and 10.5%.After 3 months,11 subjects from US group (61.1% ) had a modified Rankin score ≤2 compared with 4 subjects (21%) from the control group.Conclusions In acute ischemic stroke,transcranial US has positive effects on recanalization and neural function.

18.
International Journal of Cerebrovascular Diseases ; (12): 254-258, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-389824

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the ultrasound characteristics of carotid atherosclerosis in acute stroke patients with early neurological deterioration (END). Methods END was defined as a increase by at least two points in the National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale between admission and day 7. Among 128 patients with acute stroke in whom carotid ultrasound examinations were performed within 24 hours after admission, 38 patients with END and 40risk-matched patients without END were included in the END group and the non-END group,respectively. The ultrasound characteristics of carotid atherosclerosis were compared in both groups. Results Plaque score (16.7 ±4.4 mm vs. 13.3 ±3.5 mm, t=2.673, P=0.009),intima-media cross-sectional area (26. 4 ± 8. 5 mm2 vs. 20. 5 ± 6. 8 mm2, t = 3. 394, P =0. 001), arterial stiffness index (28. 94 ±4. 29 vs. 21. 22 ±5. 85, t = 6. 618, P =0. 000), and the rates of unstable plaque (66. 7% υs. 43. 3%, χ2=9. 164, P =0. 003), eccentric plaque (62. 8% vs. 45. 6%, χ2=5. 008, P =0. 025), stenosis ≥50% (71. 1% vs. 37. 5%, χ2=8. 828, P =0. 003), and negative remodeling (28. 9% vs. 7. 5%, χ2=6.087, P =0.014) in the END group were significantly higher than those in the non-END group, while the distensibility coefficient ([14. 74 ±8. 66]×10-6/P υs. [19. 16 ±9.35] × 10-6/Pa, t =2. 163, P=0. 034)and compliance coefficient ([0.49 ±0. 13] × 10-4 mm2/Pa υs. [0. 58 ±0. 11] × 10-4 mm2/Pa,t =3.307, P =0. 001) were significantly lower than those in the non-END group. Conclusions The ultrasound characteristics such as plaque score, intima-media cross-sectional area, arterial stiffness index, unstable plaque, eccentric plaque, stenosis ≥ 50%, negative remodeling,distensibility and compliance may be useful to predict END in patients with acute stroke.

19.
Ophthalmology in China ; (6): 239-242, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-406113

ABSTRACT

Objective To study correlation of the retinal nerve epithelium layer thickness measured with different optical coher-ence tomography (OCT) in vivo with histological measurement. Design Experimental study. Participants 15 rabbit eyes. Methods The retina measurement position of 15 rabbit eyes were marked by laser, and then were scanned by OSE-1800 OCT and Stratus OCT. Reti-nal nerve epithelium layer thickness was measured in retinal histological shdes of rabbit eyes. The results measured with three methods were compared and linear regression analyses were done with SPSS11.5 software. Results The average retinal nerve epithelium layer thickness measured with OSE-1800 OCT, Stratus OCT and histological method were 119.5±7.4, 118.0±5.6, and 116.3±8.8μm respec-tively(P=0.292). Retinal nerve epithelium layer thickness measured with both OCT instruments had the best correlation (r=0.914, P= 0.000), and the thickness measured with Stratus OCT and histological method had the better correlation (r=0.872, P=0.001), and the thickness measured with OSE-1800 OCT and histological method had the significant correlation (r=0.833, P=0.002). Conclusions The retinal nerve epithelium layer thickness measured with different OCTs in vivo correlate well with histomorphometry, and the measure-ment of both OCT instruments are accurate. (Ophthalmol CHN, 2009, 18: 239-242)

20.
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53): 383-386, 2007.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-408080

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Cytokine is a poly-functional and effective regulator factor to regulate growth of multiple cells. Researches suggest that, as an inflammatory medium, cytokines play a key role in inflammatory reaction of eye; however, there are rare studies on dynamic changes after traumatic cataract.OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship among inflammatory reaction and dynamic changes of interleukin 1 (IL-1),IL-6 and tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) in aqueous humor of rabbits after extracapsular cataract extraction.DESIGN: Randomized controlled animal study.SETTING: Shenzhen Municipal Ophthalmology Hospital, Shenzhen Municipal Ophthalmology Center Affiliated to Medical College of Jinan University.MATERIALS: The experiment was carried out in Institute of Shenzhen Municipal Ophthalmology Center Affiliated to Medical College of Jinan University from March 2004 to March 2006. Fifteen healthy adult New Zealand rabbits of 30 eyes,general grade, weighting 2.5-3.0 kg, of either gender, were provided by Animal Center of the Second Clinical Medical College of Jinan University [certification: SYXK (yue) 2005-006]. Eyes of rabbits were normal before experiment. All rabbits were randomly divided into normal control group, traumatic control group and operative group with 5 in each group and in total of 10 eyes in each group. IL-1, IL-6 and TNF-α kits were provided by Shenzhen Yawei Biotechnology Company Limited.METHODS: Rabbits in traumatic control group and operative group were totally anesthetized with intravenous injection of 10% 1 mi/kg urethan, and then, 5# needle was punctured from corneal limbus to anterior chamber to scarify anterior membrane of lens about 5 mm to establish animal models of traumatic cataract of oculus uterque. Rabbits in normal control group were fed normally. After successful modeling, common antibiotic eyedrops was used to clean conjunctival sac of rabbits in traumatic control group and operative group 3 times a day. On the 3rd day of successful modeling, rabbits in operative group were totally anesthetized with intravenous injection of 10% 1 mL/kg urethan, and then, they undertook extracapsular cataract extraction of oculus uterque: horizontally intercepting bladder or waterly separating with breakage of anterior bladder membrane, expulsing nucleus of lens, washing lens cortex and suturing incisions. On the operative day and on the 1st, 3rd, 7th and 14th days after operation, inflammatory reaction of anterior chamber in traumatic control group and operative group was measured and 0.2 mL aqueous humor was extracted from rabbits in three groups to count and classify cells; meanwhile, expressed level and dynamic changes of IL-1, IL-6 and TNF-α in cytokines of aqueous humor were measured with double-antibodies ELASA technique.MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Total numbors of leucocytes and contents of IL-1, IL-6 and TNF-α in aqueous humor of rabbits in three groups after operation.RESULTS: ① On the 1st, 3rd, 7th and 14th days after operation, numbers of leucocytes were (2.4±0.7)×106/L, (2,2±0.5)×106/L, (2.8±0.8)×106/L and (2.0±0.5)×106/L in aqueous humor; (19.7±7.3)×106/L, (28.1±9.6)×106/L, (14.2±5.6)×106/L and(8.4±3.8)×106/L in traumatic control group; (65.3±14.5)×106/L, (79.8±12.7)×106/L, (21.7±8.2)×106/L and (12.4±4.1)×106/L in operative group. In addition, numbers of leucocytes were more in traumatic control group and operative group than those in normal control group (F =22.5, 27.9, 11.6, 8.4;P<0.05). ② Within 1-14 days after operation, contents of IL-1, IL-6and TNF-α in aqueous humo were higher in traumatic control group and operative group than those in normal control group (P<0.05), and there was a significant difference between traumatic control group and operative group (P<0.05);however, there was no significant difference among three groups on the operative day (P>0.05). ③ Contents of cytokines reached peak on the 7th day after operation, decreased gradually, and reached the lowest value on the 14th day.Contents in traumatic control group and operative group were higher than those in normal control group (P<0.05).CONCLUSION: The intraocular inflammation after lens extraction is closely related to the dynamic changes of IL-1, IL-6and TNF-α levels in aqueous humor. Cytokine may be one of crucially inflammatory agents in the eyes after traumatic cataract.

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