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1.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 673-678, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826914

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Pneumonectomy and sleeve resection are routine operations for the treatment of central non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), but some patients suffered of central NSCLC, whose pulmonary function is too poor to tolerate pneumonectomy, or the tumor involves the bronchus and pulmonary artery extensively,it is hard to perform bronchovascular sleeve lobectomy. The aim of this study is to assess the feasibility of lung autotransplantation in the treatment of central NSCLC.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 3 cases with central NSCLC treated by lung autotransplantation was reviewed from December 2016 to December 2018. One patient underwent double sleeve resection of left upper lobe with end-to-end anastomosis of the bronchus. Because the resection of the pulmonary artery was too long to perfrom a tension-free anastomosis, the inferior pulmonary vein was cut off, then the left lower lobe was moved up for an anastomosis of the inferior pulmonary vein and the stump of the superior pulmonary vein. In the other 2 cases, left pneumonectomy was performed directly, and the upper left lobe was excised in vitro. The lower left lobe was reset to the chest after trimming and flushing and then the bronchus, pulmonary artery and pulmonary vein were anastomosed in turn.@*RESULTS@#The average operation time was 333 min, the average time of vascular occlusion was 86 min, the average blood loss was 450 mL, and the average hospital stay was 18.7 d; Perioperative complications included a case of bronchial obstruction, which improved after sputum aspiration through bronchofibroscope. The average follow-up period was 20 mon; One case died of cancer, one case had recurrence of anastomotic stoma and brain metastasis, one case had 4R lymph node metastasis (stable condition after chemotherapy), and one case survived without recurrence.@*CONCLUSIONS@#For patients with central NSCLC with extensive tumor invasion, thus inability to tolerate sleeve resection or pneumonectomy, autologous lung transplantation can preserve lung function to the greatest extent with a complete tumor resection and improve postoperative quality of life.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-753283

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of different doses of dexmedetomidine (Dex) combined with ropivacaine continuous transverse abdominal plane (TAP) block on analgesia and immune function in patients with laparoscopic colon cancer surgery. Methods Fifty colon cancer patients who had underwent laparoscopic radical resection from January 2017 to May 2018 in Wenzhou People′s Hospital were selected. The patients were divided into group A and group B according to random digits table method with 25 cases each. Group A was treated with 0.75 μg/kg Dex before operation; group B was treated with 1.00 μg/kg Dex before operation, then 2.00 μg/kg Dex continuous analgesia 48 h after operation. Both groups were given 0.375% ropivacaine 40 ml before operation for TAP block, and 0.2% ropivacaine 5 ml/h continuous analgesia 48 h after operation. The visual analogue score (VAS), interferon γ (IFN-γ), interleukin 10 (IL-10), T lymphocyte subsets (CD4+and CD8+) 12, 24 and 48 h after operation and adverse reactions were observed. Results The VAS 12, 24 and 48 h after operation in group B was significantly lower than that in group A: (2.2 ± 0.6) scores vs. (3.1 ± 0.9) scores, (1.6 ± 0.4) scores vs. (2.3 ± 0.8) scores and (1.1 ± 0.3) scores vs. (1.9 ± 0.6) scores, and there was statistical difference (P<0.05). The IFN-γ and CD4+12, 24 and 48 h after operation in group B were significantly higher than those in group A, IFN-γ: (281.6 ± 42.1) ng/L vs. (213.5 ± 37.4) ng/L, (335.7 ± 42.5) ng/L vs. (244.2 ± 36.3) ng/L and (362.4 ± 42.8) ng/L vs. (258.6 ± 36.8) ng/L; CD4 +: 0.186 ± 0.047 vs. 0.163 ± 0.045, 0.265 ± 0.058 vs. 0.215 ± 0.052 and 0.314 ± 0.062 vs. 0.226 ± 0.053. The IL-10 and CD8+were significantly lower than those in group A, IL-10: (263.5 ± 28.7) ng/L vs. (314.2 ± 35.6) ng/L, (225.4 ± 26.9) ng/L vs. (279.5 ± 29.8) ng/L and (206.3 ± 26.1) ng/L vs. (272.1 ± 29.2) ng/L; CD8 +:0.268 ± 0.062 vs. 0.295 ± 0.064, 0.217 ± 0.048 vs. 0.266 ± 0.061 and 0.164 ± 0.036 vs. 0.243 ± 0.055. There were statistical differences (P<0.05). There was no statistical difference in the incidence of adverse reactions between 2 groups (P>0.05). Conclusions Different doses of Dex combined with ropivacaine continuous TAP block has good analgesic effect on colon cancer patients who had underwent laparoscopic radical resection. However, high first dose load and continuous combination is better and has less effect on immune function.

3.
Chinese Journal of Pathophysiology ; (12): 1848-1853, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-503923

ABSTRACT

[ ABSTRACT] AIM:To observe the effect of ginsenoside Rb 1 on the proliferation and the expression of serotonin transporter (SERT), 5-hydroxytryptamine 1B receptor (5-HT1BR) in rat pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells (PASMCs) under hypoxia condition and the relationship with Rho /Rho-kinase signal pathway .METHODS: PASMCs were isolated from the adult male SD rats and primarily cultured .The subcultured cells from the 4th generation to the 6th generation were harvested and divided into normal group , and hypoxia group , different concentrations of Rb 1 incubation groups treated with 50, 100 and 200 mg/L ginsenoside Rb1 under hypoxia (HR50, HR100 and HR200 groups, respectively).The viability of the PASMCs was measured by CCK-8 assay.BrdU positive cells were determined using flow cytometry .The expression of serotonin transporter and 5-HT1BR at mRNA and protein levels was detected by RT-PCR and Western blot, respectively. The PASMCs were randomly divided into normal group , hypoxia group , HR200 group and hypoxia +Y-27632 incubation group ( HY group ) .The mRNA expression of Rho-kinase and phosphorylated myosin phosphatase target subunit 1 ( p-MYPT1) protein level were investigated by RT-PCR and Western blot, respectively.RESULTS: Compared with normal group, the proliferation of PASMCs in hypoxia group was significantly increased (P<0.01).The cell viability and the ex-pression of SERT and 5-HT1B R at mRNA and protein levels in all different concentrations of Rb 1 groups were obviously de-creased compared with hypoxia group ( P<0.05 ) .The mRNA expression of Rho-kinase and protein level of p-MYPT1 were markedly decreased in HR200 group, and no significant difference compared with HY group was observed ( P <0.01).CONCLUSION: Treatment with ginsenoside Rb1 might prevent hypoxia-induced proliferation of PASMCs and over-expression of SERT and 5-HT1B R through inhibiting the Rho/Rho-kinase pathway .

4.
Chinese Journal of Pathophysiology ; (12): 1093-1098, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-468083

ABSTRACT

[ ABSTRACT] AIM:To explore the effect of dexmedetomidine ( DEX) on the CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein-homologous protein ( CHOP) pathway during lung ischemia-reperfusion ( I/R) in mice.METHODS:C57BL/6J male mice were randomly divided into sham operation group ( sham group) , lung ischemia/reperfusion group ( I/R group) , ischemia/reperfusion +normal saline group ( I/R+NS group ) and ischemia/reperfusion+dexmedetomidine group ( I/R+DEX group) .Dexmedetomidine was infused intraperitoneally with 25 μg/kg for 30 min prior to the ischemia period in I/R+DEX group, the normal saline was administrated with the same volume of dexmedetomidine in I/R+NS group.After fini-shed the 3 h-reperfusion period , the left lung tissues were harvested to determine lung wet/dry weight ( W/D) , the total lung water content ( TLW) , and index of quantitative evaluation for alveolar damage ( IQA) .Morphological observation and terminal-deoxynucleotidyl transferase mediated nick end labeling ( TUNEL) were applied to evaluate the structure changes and the apoptosis index (AI) of the lung tissues.The expression of CHOP and glucose-regulated protein 78 (GRP78) at mRNA and protein levels in the lung tissues was detected by Western blot and RT-PCR.RESULTS:Compared with sham group, the W/D, TLW, IQA, AI, the mRNA and protein expression of CHOP and GRP78 obviously increased, and the left lung tissues structure were damaged more obviously both in I/R group and I/R+NS group.Compared with I/R group, the W/D, TLW, IQA, AI and the protein and mRNA expression of CHOP in I/R+DEX group decreased, the injury of the left lung tissue structures induced by I/R in I/R+DEX group were also alleviated .CONCLUSION:DEX alleviates the lung I/R injury, which may be related to inhibition of apoptosis mediated by CHOP pathway.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-283238

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effect of Shenmai injection on vascular endothelial active facters nitric oxide (NO) and endothelin-1 (ET-1), and pulmonary gas exchange induced by tourniquet deflation in patients undergoing lower extremity surgery.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>Twenty-six patients scheduled for unilateral lower extremity surgery were randomly divided into 2 groups: control group (group C, n = 14) and Shenmai injection group (group SM, n = 12). All the patients agreed to a combined spinal-epidural anesthesia at the L2-L3 interspace and a radial artery catheter was placed for sampling. Patients in group SM were injected Shenmai injection 0.6 mL x kg(-1) and physiological saline 100 mL, while patients in group C were injected equal volume of normal saline instead 15 min before tourniquet inflation. Blood samples which were used for blood gas analysis and measurement of nitric oxide (NO) and endothelin-1 (ET-1) were taken before tourniquet inflation (T0, baseline) and 30 min (T1), 2 h (T2), 6 h (T3), 24 h (T4) after tourniquet deflation.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>Compared with the baseline values at T0, in group C at T3 P(a) O2 and the levels of NO were significantly decreased, while P(A-a) DO2 and the levels of ET-1 at T3 were significantly increased (P < 0.05 or P < 0.01), in group SM, the levels of NO at T3 were significantly decreased (P < 0.05). Compared with group C, the changes of P(a)O2, P(A-a) DO2, NO and ET-1 were significantly mitigated in group SM.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The concentrations of NO and ET-1 is connected with the pulmonary gas exchange impairment induced by tourniquet application. Shenmai injection can improve the pulmonary gas exchange based on rising the level of NO, reducing the level of ET-1.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Drug Combinations , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Endothelin-1 , Blood , Metabolism , Endothelium, Vascular , Metabolism , Female , Humans , Injections, Intravenous , Male , Middle Aged , Nitric Oxide , Blood , Metabolism , Pulmonary Gas Exchange , Tourniquets
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-403900

ABSTRACT

AIM: To investigate the effects of non-invasive ischemic preconditioning on nitric oxide (NO)/endothelin-1 (ET-1) imbalance and gas exchange impairment following limb ischemia reperfusion in patients undergoing unilateral lower extremity surgery with tourniquet. METHODS: Twenty-seven patients aged 25-65 years, whose tourniquets duration varied from 1 h to 1.5 h and matched American Society of Anesthesiologists Physical Status Ⅰ-Ⅱ, were randomized into two groups: a control group (n=14) and a ischemic preconditioning group (IPC group, n=13) in which patients received three cycles of 5 min of ischemia/5 min of reperfusion before tourniquet inflation. Radial arterial blood gas, plasma malondialdehyde (MDA) and NO, serum ET-1 and interleukin-6 (IL-6) were measured just before tourniquet inflation(T_0), 1 h after inflation(T_1), and 0.5 h(T_2), 2 h(T_3), 6 h(T_4), 24 h(T_5) after tourniquet deflation. Meanwhile NO/ET-1 ratio, alveolar-arterial oxygen gradient (P_(A-a)DO_2) and intrapulmonary shunt (Qs/Qt) were calculated. RESULTS: In control group, arterial partial pressure of oxygen (PaO_2) were decreased, while P_(A-a)DO_2 and Qs/Qt were increased significantly at T_4 compared to the baselines at T_0 (P<0.01). Plasma NO levels and NO/ET-1 ratios decreased gradually after tourniquets deflation and statistical significances were observed at T_3 (P<0.01) with a valley at T_4 (P<0.01) and recovered to baselines at T_5. Serum ET-1, IL-6 and plasma MDA began to increase remarkably after T_3 (P<0.05 or P<0.01), peaked at T_4 and dropped slightly at T_5. The changes above-mentioned could be well attenuated by the application of IPC (P<0.05 or P<0.01) except PaO_2 (P>0.05). CONCLUSION: Clinical application of unilateral tourniquet within safe time limit (1.5 h) may lead to limb ischemia reperfusion and further pulmonary gas exchange impairment, which could be partially attenuated by the application of IPC via alleviating NO/ET-1 imbalance.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-403271

ABSTRACT

AIM: To investigate the effect of ligustrazine on hydrogen sulfide (H_2S) system in pulmonary hypertension induced by hypoxic hypercapnia in rats. METHODS: Thirty Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into 3 groups: control group (C), hypoxic hypercapnia group (HH), and hypoxic hypercapnia+ligustrazine group (HH+L). The change of hemodynamics was measured. The ratio of vessel wall area and total area of arteriae pulmonalis were observed under light microscope. The apoptosis of arteriae pulmonalis was tested with TdT-mediated dUTP nick end labeling (TUNEL), and the apoptosis index was calculated. Plasma level of hydrogen sulfide and activity of hydrogen sulfide generating enzymes in homogenates of rat lung tissue were evaluated by sensitive modified sulfide electrode method. Cystathionine-γ-lyase (CSE) mRNA in lung tissues was determined by RT-PCR. RESULTS: The level of mean pulmonary arterial pressure, the ratio of vessel wall area/total area and the right ventricle/left ventricle+septum were significantly higher in HH group than those in C group, and the value was obviously lower in HH+LTZ group than that in HH group (all P<0.01). The mean carotid arterial pressure of 3 groups had no significant difference (P>0.05). The apoptotic index of arteriae pulmonalis in HH group and HH+LTZ group was significantly lower than that in C group, and that in HH+LTZ group was significantly higher than that in HH group (P<0.05 or P<0.01). Plasma level of H_2S, the activity of H_2S generating enzymes in homogenates of rat lung tissue, cystathionine-γ-lyase (CSE) mRNA in lung tissues in HH group were significantly lower than those in C group (all P<0.01), and those in HH+LTZ group were significantly lower than those in HH group (all P<0.01). CONCLUSION: Ligustrazine up-regulates the expression of cystanthionine-γ-splitting enzyme (CSE), enhances the activity of CSE and increases the level of H_2S to prevent pulmonary hypertension induced by hypoxic hypercapnia.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-390039

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effect of nitroglycerin (NTG)-induced hypotension on cognitive function after endoscopic sinus surgery performed under isoflurane anesthesia in elderly patients.Methods Forty ASAⅠ or Ⅱ patients aged 65-85 yr weighing 40-75 ks undergoing endoscopic nasal sinus surgery for chronic sinusitis under isoflurane anesthesia were randomly divided into 2 groups(n=20 each):control group(group C) and controlled hypotension group(group H).Anesthesia was maintained with isoflurane inhalation in both groups.In group H controlled hypotension was induced and maintained with continuous iv infusion of NTG at function was assessed 1 day before(baseline)and at 6,12,24 and 72h after surgery using Minimental State examination (MMSE) and scored.Results The MMSE scores were significantly decreased after surgery from 6h to 24h in both groups and were significantly lower in group H than in group C.There was no significant difference in MMSE scores between the 2 groups at 72h after surgery.The incidence of cognitive deficit was significantly higher in group H(55%) than in group C(25%).Conclusion Controlled hypotension induced by NTG may aggravate transient cognitive deficit after isoflurane anesthesia in elderly patients.

9.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 1239-1242, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-384533

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of methylene blue (MB) on oxygen metabolism in patients with septic shock. MethodsForty ASA Ⅱ or Ⅲ patients with septic shock aged 38-64 yr weighing 48-75 kg undergoing emergency surgery were randomly divided into 2 groups ( n = 20 each): group Ⅰ norepinephrine (group NE) and group Ⅱ MB. The patients were unpremedicated. Anesthesia was induced with midazolam, etomidate,sufentanil and vecuronium and maintained with inhalation of 0.5%-1.5% sevoflurane and intermittent iv boluses of sufentanil and vecuronium. The patients were mechanically ventilated after tracheal intubation. PETCO2 was maintained at 35-45 mm Hg. During operation MB was infused at 0.5-1.0 mg·kg-1·h-1 in group MB and NE at 0.5-2.0 μg· kg-1 · min-1 in group NE respectively to maintain hemodynamic stability. Radial artery was cannulated and connected with Vigileo cardiac output monitor. Right internal jugular vein was cannulated for CVP monitoring.HR, SvO2, MAP, CVP, SV and CI were continuously monitored. Arterial and central venous blood samples were collected simultaneously before induction of anesthesia (T0, baseline), immediately before (T1) and at 30, 60 and 90 min after skin incision (T2-4) and at the end of operation (T5) . Blood gas analysis was performed. O2 consumption index (VO2I), O2 delivery index (DO2I) and O2 extraction rate (ERO2) were calculated. Blood lactate concentration was measured. Results MAP, HR, CVP, SVRI, DO2I, VO2I and ERO2 were significantly higher,while CI and blood lactate concentration lower during operation (T2-5) in group MB than in group NE. MAP, HR,CVP, SVRI, VO2I, DO2I, and ERO2 were significantly higher, while CI and blood lactate concentration were lower during operation (T2-5) as compared with the baseline values at T0 in group MB. In group NE there were no significant change in MAP, HR, CVP and DO2I during operation (T2-5 ) as compared with the baseline at T0. ConclusionIntravenous infusion of MB at 0.5-1.0 mg·kg-1·h-1 during operation may improve hemodynamics and oxygen metabolism in patients with septic shock.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-263020

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe the effect of Shenmai injection on the value of vascular endothelial active factors nitric oxide (NO), endothelin-1 (ET-1) of patients undergoing heart valve rveplacement and cardiac pulmonary bypass (CPB).</p><p><b>METHOD</b>Thirty patients of cardiac valve replacement undergoing open heart surgery under cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) were randomized single-blind method divided into Shenmai injection group (SM) and control group (C) with 15 cases each. Shenmai injection group (SM) were injected Shenmai injection 0.6 mL x kg(-1) added to physiological saline 250 mL after anaesthesia before CPB, the control control group were injected only physiological saline 250 mL at the same time. Blood samples were taken before induction of anesthesia and at 0.5, 2, 6, 24 hours after terminating CPB. To calculate P(A-a) DO2 and respiratory indexs (RI) by blood gas analysis, nitric oxide (NO) and endothelin-1 (ET-1) ET-1 were measured. At the same time, the time of CPB and artery blockage were recorded.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>There was no statistical significance before operation between 2 groups to every blood index. After CPB, P(A-a) DO2 , RI and ET-1 was higher than pre-operation after CPB (P < 0.05). But P(A-a) DO2, RI and ET-I of Shenmai group were lower than control group evidently at every point after CPB (P < 0.05 or P < 0.01). The concentrations of NO were reduced obveiously after CPB (P < 0.05), but in shenmai group, the range of descent was lower than control group (P < 0.01 or P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The concentrations of NO and ET-1 is connected with the lung injury after CPB. Through rise the level of NO and reduce the level of ET-1, Shenmai injection can alleviate the lung injury in some degree after CPB and improve pulmonary oxygenation function.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Blood Gas Analysis , Cardiopulmonary Bypass , Drug Combinations , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Endothelial Cells , Metabolism , Endothelin-1 , Blood , Female , Heart Valve Prosthesis , Humans , Injections , Male , Middle Aged , Nitric Oxide , Blood
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-565661

ABSTRACT

0.05).At the T1,T3,T4,T7 time point,changes of the MAP and HR were more stable in TCI group than those in control group.The awakening time and extubation time in TCI group was obviously shorter in than that in control group.The OAAS scores after extubation were higher and the VRS scores 30 min after extubation were lower in TCI group than those in control group(P

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-530928

ABSTRACT

AIM:To investigate isometric force displacement in isolated rat main pulmonary artery rings and right main branch pulmonary artery(second pulmonary artery)rings during hypoxia hypercapnia and the role of mitogen activated protein kinase(MAPK).METHODS:The main pulmonary artery rings were dissected from the male Sprague-Dawley rats and were randomly divided into control group and hypoxia hypercapnia group.The second pulmonary artery rings were also randomly divided into control group,hypoxia hypercapnia group,DMSO incubation group,U0126 incubation group and SB203580 incubation group.The tension changes of pulmonary artery rings were monitored in vitro.RESULTS:Under normoxia conditions,there was no statistically significant change between main pulmonary artery rings and second pulmonary artery rings.A biphasic pulmonary artery contractile response to hypoxia hypercapnia in the second pulmonary artery rings was observed instead of a sharp and transient increase in the main pulmonary artery tension.Both p38 MAPK inhibitor SB203580 and ERK1/2 inhibitor U0126 significantly attenuated the delayed,but not early,contractile phase of the biphasic pulmonary artery contraction.CONCLUSION:Acute hypoxia hypercapnia causes a biphasic pulmonary artery contractile response in the second pulmonary artery,and p38 MAPK and ERK1/2 may be two key mediators in the process.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-518121

ABSTRACT

AIM: To study the protective effect of Ligustrazini(LGT) on gut barrier function after hemorrhagic shock-reperfusion. METHODS: Thirty white rabbits were divided randomly into 3 groups: control group (A),shock group (B) and LGT group (C). Malondialdehyde(MDA), tumor necrosis factor-?(TNF ?), interleukin-1?(IL-1?) and nitric oxide products(NO - 2/NO - 3) contents were measured in intestinal mucosa at 3 hours following reperfusion,culture of bacteria in blood from rabbits of 3 groups was carried out,the intestinal mucosa was examined under optical and electron microscope. RESULTS: MDA, TNF ?, IL-1? and NO - 2/NO - 3 contents of intestinal mucosa remained unchanged in group C,but increased significantly in group B, compared with group A. Incidence of bacterial translocation in group B was markedly higher than that in group A at 30 min following reperfusion,there was not any difference between group A and group C. Under light and electronic microscope,in comparison with A and C groups,intestinal mucosa damage in B group became more severe. CONCLUSION: LGT can protect gut barrier from intestinal ischemia-reperfusion injury induced by hemorrhagic shock through reducing oxygen free radicals,raising nitric oxide and preventing inflammation.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-524446

ABSTRACT

AIM: To investigate the effect of propofol on expression of protein kinase C (PKC) mRNA during pulmonary ischemia and reperfusion injury (PIRI) in rabbits. METHODS: Single lung ischemia and reperfusion animal model was used in vivo. The rabbits were randomly divided into three groups ( n =9 in each): sham operated group (sham), PIR group (I-R) and PIR+ propofol group (PPF). Changes of several parameters including malondialdehyde (MDA), superoxide dismutase (SOD), wet to dry ratio of lung tissue weight (W/D) and index of quantitative assessment of histologic lung injury (IQA) were measured at 60 minutes after reperfusion in lung tissue. Meanwhile the location and expression of PKC mRNA were observed. Lung tissue was also prepared for light microscopic and electron microscopic observation at 60 minutes after reperfusion. RESULTS: As compared with group I-R, PKC mRNA strongly expressed in intima and extima of small pulmonary artery as well as thin-wall vessels (mostly small pulmonary veins) in PPF group. The average optical density values of PKC-?、? and ? mRNA in small pulmonary veins PPF in group showed significantly higher than that in I-R group (all P

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-517566

ABSTRACT

AIM: To study the role of nitric oxide and endothelin in myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury (MIRI) and effect of ligustrazini (LGT). METHODS: The rabbits were randomly divided into three groups (n=10, in each ),sham operated group( A ),MIR group( B ) and LGT group(C).Plasma nitric oxide products( NOP,in terms of NO - 2/NO - 3 ) contents,endothelin (ET) levels,and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) activities were measured before ischemia, 40 minutes after ischemia and 20 minutes after reperfusion.Meanwhile NOP, ET concentrations and LDH activity in myocardium were measured ,and the ultrastructure changes in myocardium were observed under electron microscope at 20 minutes after reperfusion. RESULTS: As compared with group A,NOP decreased and ET as well as LDH increased at 40 minutes (P

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-516937

ABSTRACT

AIM:To investigate the protective effect of preconditioning on rabbit liver during total ischemia and reperfusion and its mechanism. METHODS: Using hepatic ischemia and reperfusion injury (HIRI) model in rabbits, animals were randomly divided into three groups: control group (A), non-preconditioning group(B) and preconditioning group(C), different effects of preconditioning on several parameters including alanine aminotransferase (ALT) activity and levels of nitric oxide (NO) and malondialdehyde (MDA) in plasma or liver tissue as well as hepatocellular morphological changes were measured and observed during HIRI. RESULTS:In C group NO levels of plasma and liver tissue were higher than those in B group (P0.05); abnormal morphological chages of liver cells in A group were ameliorated remarkably too during HIRI. CONCLUSION:Preconditioning can attenuate HIRI by improving NO level and reducing oxygen free radicals level.

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