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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928436

ABSTRACT

Primary ciliary dyskinesia (PCD) is a recessive genetic disorder of motile cilia with substantial genetic and phenotypic heterogeneity. Clinical features of PCD vary from one patient to another, and no single test has the sensitivity and specificity to accurately diagnose PCD. Genetic testing combined with other auxiliary tests can facilitate the confirmatory diagnosis of PCD. So far more than 40 genes have been associated with PCD, but most research have focused on common genes, which hinders our understanding of other rare PCD-genes. This review has summarized the PCD-associated genes and the corresponding characteristics of dysfunctional cilia, with an aim to provide a basis for early identification of such diseases.


Subject(s)
Cilia/genetics , Genetic Testing , Humans , Kartagener Syndrome/genetics , Sensitivity and Specificity
2.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 419-422, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912899

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the short-term efficacy and safety of albumin-bound paclitaxel combined with nedaplatin followed by concurrent radiotherapy in treatment of stage Ⅲ massive cervical cancer.Methods:The clinical data of 84 patients with massive cervical cancer admitted to Harbin Medical University Cancer Hospital from April 2019 to April 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. According to the different treatment regimens, patients were divided into the observation group and the control group, each with 42 cases. The observation group received albumin-bound paclitaxel combined with nedaplatin followed by concurrent radiotherapy, and the control group received solvent-based paclitaxel combined with nedaplatin followed by concurrent radiotherapy. The short-term efficacy and adverse reactions of the two groups were compared.Results:The partial remission (PR) rate of the observation group and the control group at 1 month of treatment was 92.9% (39/42) and 35.7% (15/42), respectively, and the difference was statistically significant ( χ2 = 29.867, P < 0.01). The complete remission (CR) rate of the observation group and the control group at 1 month after treatment was 59.5% (25/42) and 38.1% (16/42), respectively, and the difference was statistically significant ( χ2 = 3.859, P = 0.049). The incidence of diarrhea of the observation group was lower than that of the control group [33.33% (14/42) vs. 54.8% (23/42)], and the difference was statistically significant ( χ2 = 3.913, P = 0.048). There were no statistical differences in the incidence of hematological adverse reactions and abnormal liver and kidney functions between the two groups (all P > 0.05). Conclusion:The albumin-bound paclitaxel combined with nedaplatin followed by concurrent radiotherapy have a good short-term efficacy in treatment of stage Ⅲ massive cervical cancer, and the adverse reactions are tolerable.

3.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 1102-1106, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910972

ABSTRACT

Objective:To examine the effects of individualized exercise rehabilitation prescriptions based on cardiopulmonary exercise tests on ambulatory blood pressure and cardiopulmonary function in elderly hypertension patients.Methods:This was a prospective randomized controlled study.Sixty essential hypertension patients hospitalized in our hospital from January 2020 to November 2020 and on regular antihypertensive medication were selected and divided using a random number table into the control group(30 cases)and the study group(30 cases). The control group received only conventional medication and the study group conducted individualized exercise rehabilitation in addition to medication, with no adjustment in anti-hypertensive medication for patients in either group.All enrolled patients underwent cardiopulmonary exercise testing and ambulatory blood pressure monitoring before treatment and 12 weeks after treatment.Changes in blood pressure and cardiopulmonary function in the two groups were compared.Results:Compared with the control group, the study group recorded reductions in the 24-hour average systolic blood pressure(135.6±8.7 mmHg vs.141.8±6.3 mmHg), 24-hour average diastolic blood pressure(79.3±9.4 mmHg vs.85.1±6.7 mmHg), daytime average systolic blood pressure(136.4±7.8 mmHg vs.140.2±6.6 mmHg), daytime average diastolic blood pressure(78.2±7.6 mmHg vs.84.4±7.2 mmHg), night-time average systolic blood pressure(125.0±9.6 mmHg vs.129.7±7.9 mmHg), and night-time average diastolic blood pressure(76.6±7.6 mmHg vs.84.5±6.7 mmHg)after 12 weeks of exercise( P<0.05 for all). Compared with pre-exercise levels, the study group achieved decreases in body mass index, resting heart rate, resting systolic blood pressure, resting diastolic blood pressure, peak systolic blood pressure, peak diastolic blood pressure( P<0.05 for all), and increases in maximum metabolic equivalent, peak oxygen uptake, maximum power and peak heart rate( P<0.05 for all), while the control group saw decreases in resting heart rate and resting diastolic blood pressure( P<0.05). After 12 weeks, the study group had lower levels than the control group in body mass index(24.5±2.0 kg/m 2vs.26.7±2.2 kg/m 2), resting systolic blood pressure(133.8±10.8 mmHg vs.139.3±9.0 mmHg)and resting diastolic blood pressure(79.4±8.0 mmHg vs.84.9±9.3 mmHg)( P<0.05)and higher levels in maximum metabolic equivalent(6.0±0.6 vs.5.2±1.1), peak oxygen uptake(22.0±2.7 ml·min -1·kg -1vs.20.3±3.7 ml·min -1·kg -1), maximum power(124.3±19.9 W vs.112.4±25.1 W)and peak heart rate(130.1±15.5 times/min vs.122.9±11.7 times/min)( P<0.05). Conclusions:Compared with antihypertensive drugs alone, the addition of individualized exercise prescriptions for rehabilitation based on cardiopulmonary exercise tests can effectively reduce blood pressure, improve cardiopulmonary function, and enhance exercise endurance and quality of life for elderly hypertension patients.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908848

ABSTRACT

We have adopted various smart tools and applied multiple teaching models to smoothly carry out our on-line teaching. Aiming at encouraging students' self-learning and independent thinking, the first task is to cultivate students' self-learning ability and independent thinking way of clinical microbiology. Our online teaching model is based on the asynchronous small private online course (SPOC) of the Chinese University MOOC, the core part of our teaching model, and supplemented by the Sojump questionnaire test and WeChat, the inter-action channels among teachers and students. All of these build up an integrated teaching system which fully embodies the "student-oriented" teaching concept and pushes forward the promotion and application of online teaching in college specialized courses.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908134

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effects of competency-based diversified training on the bedside nursing comprehensive ability aand transition shock of newly recruited nurses.Methods:A total of 62 newly recruited nurses from the Second Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University in June 2018 were selected as the control group, and 70 newly recruited nurses from June 2019 were selected as the experimental group by cluster sampling. The control group received routine pre-job training, and the experimental group received diversified training based on the control group. After one year of training, the differences in the scores of bedside nursing comprehensive ability, post competency and transition shock between the two groups of nurses were analyzed.Results:After 1 year of training, the total scores and the scores of nursing problems, nursing evaluation, nursing plan, nursing theory, nursing operation and bedside nursing comprehensive ability in the experimental group were 12.20±1.76, 24.29±2.38, 13.54±1.88, 9.77±1.35, 15.14±2.30 and 79.24±6.59, which were all higher than those of the control group (10.26±1.55,22.31±1.84,10.45±1.58, 8.56±1.80, 13.27±2.38 and 69.82±4.09), the differences were statistically significant ( t value was 4.582-13.679, P<0.05). The total scores and the scores of each dimension of the Post-competency the experimental group were 31.46 ±4.32, 51.03± 4.64, 20.27± 3.78, 17.86±3.99, 58.43± 4.44, 179.37±9.97, which were all higher than those of the control group 24.76±4.12, 40.56±5.55, 16.61±2.88, 15.15± 2.96, 49.74±3.07, 146.66±17.98, the differences were statistically significant ( t value was 4.466-13.197, P<0.05). The scores of psychological knowledge, skills, social culture and development and the total scores of Transition shock in the experimental group were 30.90±3.15, 19.69±2.74, 32.17±3.06, 103.81±12.24, which were all higher than those in the control group (25.69±2.76, 15.92±3.24, 27.50±4.15, 88.32±11.54), the differences were statistically significant ( t value was 7.237-10.040, P<0.05). Conclusions:competency-based diversified training can effectively improve the bedside nursing comprehensive ability and post competency, reduce their transition shock, and has strong clinical reference significance.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883948

ABSTRACT

Mild cognitive impairment is a transitional state between normal aging and dementia, which is the best intervention window to delay cognitive decline.As one of the adjustable risk factors affecting cognitive function, perceived stress significantly increases the risk of cognitive impairment by causing hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis dysfunction and psychological disorders.Therefore, perceived stress management will become a new hot spot in the research and practice of non-drug intervention techniques for cognitive impairment.This paper reviews the current situation of perceived stress in MCI population, the relationship between perceived stress and cognitive function, and the evaluation techniques of MCI individual perceived stress.Further more, this paper summarizes the relevant influencing factors of perceived stress based on stress attribution model, and comments on the action mechanism and practical enlightenment of perceived stress intervention program on cognitive function management, in order to provide theoretical reference for cognitive function management of MCI population.

7.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 235-239, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883700

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the quality of life and its influencing factors in patients with hyperthyroidism.Methods:From June 2017 to June 2019, patients with hyperthyroidism who were first diagnosed in the First Affiliated Hospital of Hainan Medical College were selected as the research objects, and the quality of life of the patients was assessed by the Chinese version of World Health Organization Quality of Life Brief Scale (WHOQOL-BREF). Hamilton Anxiety Scale (HAMA) and Hamilton Depression Scale (HAMD) were used to evaluate the psychological status of the patients. Univariate analysis was used to compare the differences of general information (age, gender, course of disease, marital status, education level, occupation, monthly family income, family relationship, thyroid ophthalmopathy, laboratory examination, thyroid crisis, anxiety level, and depression level) among patients with different quality of life. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to analyze the related factors affecting the quality of life of patients with hyperthyroidism.Results:There were 120 patients, aged (45.42 ± 6.38) years old, including 42 males and 78 females. The WHOQOL-BREF score was (76.58 ± 10.42) points, ranging from 25 to 106 points. Among them, 49 cases (40.83%) had high scores (≥80 points) and 71 cases (59.17%) had low scores (<80 points). Univariate analysis showed that there were differences in the quality of life among different marital status, education level, monthly family income, family relationship, thyroid ophthalmopathy, FT 3, FT 4, anxiety level and depression level ( P < 0.05). Multivariate analysis showed that thyroid ophthalmopathy, divorce or widowhood, monthly family income < 2 000 yuan, family disharmony, depression or anxiety, abnormal FT 4 and FT 3 were the risk factors affecting the quality of life of patients with hyperthyroidism ( P < 0.05). Conclusion:The overall quality of life of patients with hyperthyroidism is low, especially those with thyroid ophthalmopathy, divorce or widowhood, monthly family income < 2 000 yuan, family disharmony, depression, anxiety, FT 4 or FT 3 abnormalities.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883461

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the status of glucolipid metabolism and insulin resistance in patients with first-episode non-medicated schizophrenia, and to explore their relationship with psychiatric symptoms and cognitive function.Methods:One hundred and seventeen patients with first-episode non-medicated schizophrenia admitted to Wenzhou Seventh People′s Hospital from January 2018 to August 2020 were included in case group, and 61 healthy subjects with physical examination during the same period were used as control group. The glucose metabolism, including serum fasting blood glucose (FBG), 2 h postprandial blood glucose (2 h PBG), fasting insulin (FINS), fasting C peptide; lipid metabolism, including triglyceride (TG), total cholesterol (TC), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C); apolipoprotein A1 (Apo-A1) and homeostatic model assessment insulin resistance index (HOMA-IR) level were compared between 2 groups. The abnormal glucolipid metabolism and incidence rate of insulin resistance were counted in the two groups. According to the condition of abnormal glucolipid metabolism or insulin resistance in case group, the patients were divided into abnormal glucolipid metabolism group and non-abnormal group, and insulin resistance group and non-insulin resistance group. The psychiatric symptoms (positive and negative symptom scale, PANSS) and cognitive function (MATRICS consensus cognitive battery, MCCB) were compared between 2 groups. Pearson correlation analysis was used to explore the correlation between glucolipid metabolism and insulin resistance and psychiatric symptoms and cognitive function in case group.Results:The levels of glucolipid metabolism indexes of 2 h PBG, FINS, fasting C peptide, TG and HOMA-IR in case group were significantly higher than those in control group: (7.06 ± 1.88) mmol/L vs. (6.19 ± 1.53) mmol/L, (8.61 ± 2.46) mU/L vs. (6.25 ± 1.71) mU/L, (0.49 ± 0.16) nmol/L vs. (0.32 ± 0.09) nmol/L, (1.33 ± 0.47) mmol/L vs. (1.02 ± 0.24) mmol/L, 2.01 ± 0.71 vs. 1.51 ± 0.45 ( P<0.05); while the levels of HDL-C and Apo-A1 were significantly lower than those in control group: (1.19 ± 0.38) mmol/L vs. (1.57 ± 0.32) mmol/L, (1.21 ± 0.25) g/L vs. (1.43 ± 0.17) g/L ( P<0.05). The total incidence rate of abnormal glucolipid metabolism or insulin resistance in case group was significantly higher than that in control group: 62.39%(73/117) vs. 13.11%(8/61) ( P<0.05). The scores of dimensions of positive symptoms, negative symptoms and general psychopathology and total score of PANSS in combined group were significantly higher than those in non-abnormal group: (25.14 ± 5.09) scores vs. (22.95 ± 4.72) scores, (24.68 ± 5.25) scores vs. (22.05 ± 4.59) scores, (41.52 ± 5.85) scores vs. (38.12 ± 4.18) scores, (94.68 ± 11.64) scores vs. (85.43 ± 8.51) scores ( P<0.05). The above scores points in insulin resistance group were higher than points in non-insulin resistance group: (26.62 ± 4.18) scores vs. (23.62 ± 4.98) scores, (25.92 ± 5.07) scores vs. (23.02 ± 4.96) scores, (42.94 ± 5.26) scores vs. (39.43 ± 4.47) scores, (97.35 ± 10.07) scores vs. (89.37 ± 10.25) scores ( P<0.05). The scores of continuous performance test-identical pairs (CPT-IP), working memory (WM), brief visuospatial memory test-revised (BVMT-R) and Mayer-Salovey-Caruso emotional intelligence test (MSCEIT) of MCCB scale in abnormal glucolipid metabolism group were significantly lower than those in non-abnormal group: (23.82 ± 5.21) scores vs. (27.15 ± 4.69) scores, (21.72 ± 5.95) scores vs. (25.35 ± 5.14) scores, (19.56 ± 5.28) scores vs. (22.34 ± 5.43) scores, (22.62 ± 5.13) scores vs. (26.47 ± 4.96) scores ( P<0.05), and the scores in insulin resistance group were significantly lower: (22.26 ± 4.84) scores vs. (25.42 ± 5.12) scores, (20.35 ± 4.87) scores vs. (23.46 ± 5.08) scores, (18.05 ± 4.27) scores vs. (20.98 ± 5.71) scores, (21.15 ± 4.67) scores vs. (24.48 ± 5.02) scores ( P<0.05). Pearson correlation analysis showed that 2 h PBG in case group was positively correlated with PANSS positive symptoms ( P<0.05), and was negatively correlated with CPT-IP and MSCEIT in MCCB scale ( P<0.05). FINS and HOMA-IR were positively correlated with positive symptoms, negative symptoms and PANSS total score ( P<0.05), and were negatively correlated with CPT-IP, WM, BVMT-R and MSCEIT ( P<0.05). HDL-C was negatively correlated with positive symptoms ( P<0.05), and was positively correlated with CPT-IP, WM and MSCEIT ( P<0.05). Apo-A1 was negatively correlated with positive symptoms and negative symptoms ( P<0.05), and was positively correlated with CPT-IP and WM ( P<0.05). Conclusions:Abnormal glucolipid metabolism and insulin resistance have a higher detection rate in first-episode non-medicated schizophrenia, and have a certain relationship with the psychiatric symptoms and cognitive impairment of patients.

9.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 1073-1082, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-919594

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#The purpose of this study was to investigate the influences of sex comb on midleg like-2 (SCML2) on hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and potentially related mechanisms. @*Materials and Methods@#SCML2 expression in tumor tissues and cells was analyzed using the TCGA database and/or qRT-PCR. The proliferation of HCC cells was detected by CCK-8, colony formation, and EdU assays. The migration and invasion of HCC cells were detected by transwell and wound healing assays. Apoptosis of HCC cells was determined by flow cytometry. Additionally, qRT-PCR and Western blot were used to detect the expression of SCML2 and Wnt/β-catenin/epithelial–mesenchymal transition (EMT) signaling. A xenograft model in mice was established to verify the in vitro findings. @*Results@#We found that SCML2 was highly expressed in HCC tissues and cells and that high expression of SCML2 was correlated with poor prognosis in HCC patients. SCML2 overexpression promoted proliferation, invasion, and migration and repressed apoptosis of HCC cells. The reverse results were obtained in SCML2-silenced cells. Further, we found that SCML2 activated the Wnt/β-catenin/EMT pathway. SCML2 silencing reduced the protein levels of Wnt3a, β-catenin, N-cadherin, Vimentin, and Snail and enhanced E-cadherin protein expression both in vivo and in vitro. @*Conclusion@#SCML2 silencing inhibits the proliferation, migration, and invasion of HCC cells by regulating the Wnt/β-catenin/ EMT pathway.

10.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 554-560, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826940

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#The incidence of lung cancer is increasing annually. Clinicians pay special attention to lung tests during physical examinations. Due to the popularity of low-dose computed tomography, not only can lung cancer be diagnosed early, but physical examinations often reveal the presence of pulmonary nodules, an important health issue that cannot be ignored. Patients with pulmonary nodules are prone to adverse emotions such as anxiety and depression. Many studies have shown that patients with emotional disorders have immune system dysfunction and changes in inflammation levels. This study aimed to investigate the changes in anxiety, depression, the ratios of T helper cells 17 (Th17) and regulatory T cells (Tregs), and inflammation levels in patients with pulmonary nodules.@*METHODS@#A total of 143 subjects from The First Affiliated Hospital of Anhui Medical University were included from April 2019 to July 2019. All of the subjects were assessed with the Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI) and the Beck Depression Inventory-II (BDI-II). Overall, 40 cases were healthy controls (HC) and 103 cases were patients with pulmonary nodules. The patients were divided into two groups according to the scale scores: 62 cases in a non-anxiety and non-depression (NAD) group and 41 cases in an anxiety and/or depression (AD) group. The percentage of Th17 and Tregs in the peripheral blood and inflammatory factors in the serum were detected. The absolute Th17 cell counts were calculated and the differences between the groups and correlations between these indicators were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#There were statistically significant differences in the percentage of Th17 cells, the absolute counts of Th17 and Th17/Treg cells, and the levels of interleukin-2 (IL-2), IL-6, and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) among three groups (all P0.05). The previously described indicators had no significant correlation with the severity of anxiety and depression (P>0.05). There were no significant differences in the percentage of Tregs or levels of IL-4 and IL-10 between the groups (all P>0.05). The proportion of anxiety and/or depression in female patients with pulmonary nodules was higher than that in males (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Patients with pulmonary nodules are prone to varying degrees of anxiety and depression, which leads to immune dysfunction and low-grade inflammation.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871698

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the image characteristics ofmultispectral scanning laser imaging (MSLI) and OCT in patients with pregnancy induced hypertension syndrome (PIHS).Methods A total of 112 patients (224 eyes) of PIHS patients diagnosed in Obstetrics Department of Tianjin First Central Hospital from May 2016 to May 2017 were included in this study.The average age of the patients was 27.00±2.14 years.The average course of the disease was 15.00 ±8.27 days.There were 174 eyes in 87 patients of blurred vision,dazzling and visual fatigue consciously.All patients performed BCVA,direct ophthalmoscope,B ultrasound,confocal scanning laser Ophthalmoscope (cSLO) and spectral-domain OCT (SD-OCT).SD-OCT was performed with Spectralis HRA+OCT from Heidelberg Company in Germany to acquire tomographic images.Using Herdelberg's colorful program (MultiColor) based on cSLO and operating in accordance with standard methods,one scan simultaneously obtained blue light reflection based on 488 nm,green light reflection based on 515 nm,and infrared reflection based on 820 nm,synthesis to MSLI.Fundus abnormalities were classified into arterial spasm (stage Ⅰ),arteriosclerosis (stage Ⅱ),and retinopathy (stage Ⅲ).OCT examination was divided into normal and abnormal cases according to the abnormality of retinal morphology and thickness.Results Of the 224 eyes,68 eyes (30.36%) showed normal fundus examination and 156 eyes (69.64%) showed abnormal fundus performance.Among them,28 eyes were stage Ⅰ (17.95%);40 eyes were stage Ⅱ (25.64%);88 eyes were stage Ⅲ (56.41%).Thirty-six eyes (16.07%) showed normal fundus and 188 eyes (83.93%) showed abnormal performance with OCT.Of the 188 eyes with abnormal fundus performance,86 eyes (45.74%) had retinal neuroepithelial serous detachment;56 eyes (29.79%) had RPE detachment;optic disc edema,bulge,and local reflexes in the retinal nerve fiber layer were enhanced and/or the thickness increased in 46 eyes (24.47%).In MSLI,48 eyes (21.43%) showed normal fundus;176 eyes (78.57%) showed abnormal performance.Retinal edema was showed in green on MSLI,serous retinal neuroepithelial layer detachment,RPE layer detachment,retinal nerve fiber layer thickening,accompanied by changes in local retinal structure.The higher the degree of bulge,the darker the color.Consistent with the range of retinal edema revealed by SD-OCT.Conclusions MSLI and SD-OCT images show highly consistent lesions in PIHS patients.MSLI can more clearly show superficial and deep retinal lesions.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870644

ABSTRACT

In a modern society, with the development of economic status, people′s health consciousness is increasing as well, and the traditional medical model cannot meet the needs of health care. People-oriented medical care model represents the high-quality medical care, and the shared decision making as a new medical culture model, has been widely studied in recent years. This article summarizes the concept, significance, influencing factors and current situation of doctor-patient joint decision making at home and abroad, to provide reference for future study and clinical practice. It is hoped the doctor-patient joint decision making would be promoted in China and it would play a certain role in improvement of doctor-patient relationship.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870460

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the correlation between ipsilateral metastatic supraclavicular lymph nodes(ISLN) pathologically complete response (spCR) and the prognosis in breast cancer after neoadjuvant chemotherapy(NAC) and lymphadenectomy.Methods:Clinical data of 234 breast cancer patients with ISLN at the time of diagnosis and receiving supraclavicular lymph node dissection following NAC were retrospectively analyzed.Results:All patients were female, with a median age of 52 years. The spCR rate was 52.6%. Multivariate analysis showed that the expression level of Ki67, the pathological status of breast and axillary nodes and the dissection number of supraclavicular lymph node were independent relate factors for spCR (all P<0.05). After a median follow-up of 16.6 months, the risk of recurrence and metastasis in the spCR group was 51%. It was lower than that in the non-spCR group ( HR=0.49, 95% CI 0.27-0.89, P=0.020). It was mainly manifested in hormone receptor negative patients. Supraclavicular spCR was an independent prognostic factor for DFS. Conclusions:The expression level of Ki67, pathological state of breast and axillary node and the dissection number of supraclavicular lymph node were independent related factors of spCR, which was also an independent predictor of DFS.

14.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 391-394, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869405

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the correlation between serum insulin-like growth factor binding protein-7(IGFBP7)levels and left ventricular diastolic function and exercise capacity in elderly heart failure patients with preserved ejection fraction(HFpEF).Methods:This was a prospective study.A total of 40 elderly patients in our hospital with HFpEF were selected as the HFpEF group, and 20 patients with normal left ventricular diastolic and systolic function were selected as the control group.Serum levels of IGFBP7 were measured by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay, while N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide(NT-proBNP)was measured by chemi-lumin escence assay.The levels of biomarkers were compared between the two groups.Diastolic function was assessed by transthoracic echocardiography, exercise tolerance was assessed by cardiopulmonary exercise testing(CPET).Results:The levels of IGFBP7 in HFpEF group was significantly higher than control group[median value, 59.4 ng/L(52.2-70.6 ng/L) vs.50.8 ng/L(42.0-55.2 ng/L), P<0.01]. In multivariable analysis, NT-proBNP and IGFBP7 were independently associated with HFpEF(all P<0.05). The area under receiver operating characteristic curve of IGFBP7 and NT-proBNP for detecting HFpEF were 0.778 and 0.820, respectively(all P<0.01). Higher IGFBP7 was modestly correlated with NT-proBNP, left atrial volume index, early diastole velocity(E), E/peak late diastolic velocity(E/A), early mitral inflow velocity/annular diastolic velocity(E/e′), estimated right ventricular systolic pressure, peak oxygen uptake(VO 2 peak), anaerobic threshold and minute ventilation/earbon dioxide production(VE/VCO 2)(all P<0.05). Conclusions:In elderly patients with HFpEF, IGFBP7 may be a novel biomarker of diastolic function and exercise capacity.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868160

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the main clinical outcomes of Day 6 (D6) single blastocyst transplantation in fresh and frozen-thawed cycles.Methods:The data of fresh blastocyst transplantation patients and frozen-thawed blastocyst transplantation patients from January 2013 to December 2017 were retrospectively analysed. Fresh blastocyst transplantation and frozen-thawed blastocyst transplantation were matched in a ratio of 1∶3 by using propensity score matching, the matching factors included age, body mass index, thickness of endometrium and blastocyst grade. Totally 180 cases were included in the fresh cycle group and 540 cases in the frozen-thawed cycle group.Results:There was no significant difference in basal FSH between the two groups [(6.9±2.5) versus (6.4±3.8) U/L, P=0.334]. The positive rate of hCG in D6 blastocyst fresh cycle transplantation group [32.8%(59/180) versus 48.1%(260/540)], clinical pregnancy rate [28.9%(52/180) versus 43.5%(235/540)] and live birth rate [21.1%(38/180) versus 32.2%(174/540)] were lower than those of frozen-thawed cycle group (all P<0.05). The miscarriage rate was higher [26.9%(14/52) versus 24.7%(58/235)], but there was no statistical difference ( P>0.05). Conclusions:The clinical pregnancy outcome of D6 single blastocyst frozen-thawed cycle transplantation is better than that of fresh cycle. In order to obtain better clinical outcomes, frozen-thawed cycle transplantation of blastocysts formed on the 6th day is recommended.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867164

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the direct and sustained effects of multitask-process cognitive training program on cognitive function in the community elderly with mild cognitive impairment(MCI).Methods:Ninety-two participants with MCI who met the inclusion criteria were randomly selected from Huzhou community of Zhejiang province.According to the allocation ratio of 1∶1, the MCI participants were randomly divided into the cognitive training group and the control group, with 46 cases in each group.The participants in control group were received a cognitive function-health education program, and the participants in cognitive training group received an additional 10 weeks of multitask-process cognitive training.Respectively in three-time points of at baseline, after 10 weeks of training, and a 3-month follow-up to evaluate all participants with MCI executive function tested by trail making test A-B and Stroop color-word test, overall cognitive function tested by MoCA scale.Repeated measure ANOVA was used to compare the between-group variation, time effect and interaction effect of two groups at 3 time points.Results:The MoCA score of intervention group at T0, T1, T2 were 19.09±1.98, 21.09±1.41, 21.11±1.27 respectively, and the MoCA score of the control group were 18.24±2.22, 18.57±1.86, 18.07±1.90 respectively.Compared with the control group, the score of MoCA in the intervention group was significantly improved at T1 and T2 ( P< 0.05). Compared with control group, the Trail making test A-B, Stroop color-word interference test of intervention group were improved at T1, T2 ( P<0.05). Repeated measurement ANOVA shows that there were significant differences in Trail making test A-B, Stroop color-word interference test and MoCA between the two groups in terms of between-group effect, time effect and group-time interaction effect ( F=9.245~196.457, P<0.05). Simple effects analysis shows that compared with the control group, the multitask-process cognitive training had a positive direct effect on the Trail making test A-B, Stroop color-word interference test and MoCA, and these improvements maintained until the end of a 3-month follow-up ( F=2.757~201.829, P<0.05). During the research period, the compliance rate of the cognitive training group was 87.4%, and no adverse events occurred. Conclusion:The multitask-process cognitive training program positively promote the cognitive function of participants with MCI and provide a set of standardized and procedural nursing intervention program for the cognitive management of community participants with MCI.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867149

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the action path and the potential mediating effects of depression and physical diseases on the influencing factors of mild cognitive impairment(MCI) in community, and provide the theoretical basis for the construction of the strategy of cognitive regulation.Methods:A convenient sample survey was conducted on 252 mild cognitive impairment patients in the community undergoing screening using the general information questionnaire, Montreal cognitive assessment scale(MoCA) and geriatric depression scale(GDS-15)from January 2018 to June 2019. SPSS 22.0 and AMOS 22.0 softwares were used to conduct descriptive analysis, correlation analysis, structural equation model and confirmatory factor analysis.Results:The score of MoCA was 19.66±3.90 for all MCI patients. There were significant correlations among age, education, social frequency, physical exercise frequency and depression degree, the number of physical disease and MoCA( r=-0.440-0.487, P<0.01). The structural equation model fits well(χ 2/ df=2.476, TLI=0.885, CFI=0.916, GFI=0.919, AGFI=0.871, RMSEA=0.077). Mediation modeling analysis showed that age, education, social frequency physical exereise frequency had a direct effect on cognitive function(effect value was -0.183, 0.458, 0.237, 0.174, P<0.01). There were partly mediating effect of the number of physical disease between age, education, physical exercise frequency and cognitive function(effect value was -0.106, 0.078, 0.075, P<0.01), and there were partly mediating effect of depression degree between age, social frequency, physical exercise frequency and cognitive function(effect value was -0.075, 0.080, 0.050, P<0.01), and there were chain mediating effect of the number of physical disease-depression degree between age, education, physical exercise(effect value was -0.028, 0.031, 0.019, P<0.01). Conclusion:The cognitive management of MCI among community should focus on the elderly, low education level groups.In the implementation of exercise intervention to improve cognitive function of health management strategy, while to strengthen the effective management of physical diseases and negative emotion evaluation and dredging, to increase the effect of exercise intervention on cognitive function improvement.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-866459

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the efficacy and safety between biphasic insulin aspart 30 injection and insulin glargine combined with repaglinide in the newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes in the elderly patients.Methods:A total of 60 elderly patients with type 2 diabetes who were newly diagnosed in the First Hospital Affiliated to Hebei Medical University were selected as study objects, and they were divided into group A and group B according to the random digital table method, with 30 cases in each group.Group A was treated with aspart 30 injection, and group B was treated with glargine combined with repaglinide tablets for 2 weeks.The BMI, FPG, 2hPG, HbA1c, 1, 5-AG were detected after treatment for 1 and 2 weeks, and the FCP, PCP were detected before and after treatment.Results:The FPG and 2hPG of the two groups decreased significantly after treatment for 1 week and 2 weeks, and the blood glucose of group A decreased significantly after 1 week of treatment compared with group B, and the difference was statistically significant(FPG t=2.58, 2hPG t=2.46, all P<0.05).1, 5-AG increased significantly at 1 week and 2 weeks after treatment.At 1 weekafter treatment, the increase was more significant in group A than group B, and the difference was statistically significant( t=8.93, P<0.05). After 2 weeks of treatment, the levels of FCP and 2hCP of both two groups were increased compared with before treatment, and the differences were statistically significant(FCP t=3.72, 3.45, 2hCP t=4.14, 3.54, all P<0.05). The time of blood glucose reaching the standard in group A was(10.35±4.10)d, which was shorter than that in group B [(12.38±4.22)d], and the difference was statistically significant( t=8.32, P<0.05). The dosage of insulin required by the patients in group A was(45.14±8.42) U·kg -1·d -1, which was higher than that in group B [(24.88±7.36)U·kg -1·d -1], and the difference was statistically significant( t=9.06, P<0.01). Conclusion:Both BIAsp30 and IG combined with repaglinide can effectively reduce FPG and 2hPG of patients with type 2 diabetes newly diagnosed in the elderly.Besides, the occurrence of hypoglycemia in the glargine group is lighter than that in the BIAsp30 group, and the time of blood glucose reaching the standard is longer than that in the aspart 30 injection group.Monitoring 1, 5-AG can be used as a reference for timely adjustment of hypoglycemia programs.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-864831

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the status of violence and aggression suffered by nurses in psychiatric hospitals in beijing-tianjin-hebei region and explore the development trend of violence assessment.Methods:A total of 539 psychiatric nurses from three top grade psychiatric hospitals (Beijing Huilongguan Hospital, Tianjin Anding Hospital, Mental Health Center of Hebei Province) in Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region were surveyed by a general data questionnaire, Workplace Violence Frequency Measurement Scale (WVS), Violence Cognition Qquestionnaire, Knowledge and Needs on Violence Risk Management Questionnaire.Results:A high level of workplace violence (6.21±2.94) was found with nurses in different wards ( χ2 value was 32.149, P<0.05), being in different wards (χ 2 value was 32.149, P<0.05), whether participating psychiatric training ( χ2 value was 11.588, P<0.05) and whether working on different schedule ( χ2 value was 21.017, P<0.05), suffered from distinct level of workplace violence. Participants believed that the change in the patients′ condition (68.6%, 370/539) and symptom fluctuation (65.9%, 355/539) were the main factor of violence from patients′ aspect. While a lack of assessment (57.9%, 312/539) and poor communication among nurses (56.8%, 306/539) was cited as the main causes of violence from nurse′s point. Conclusion:The management and control of patients′ violence should be improved through staff training program, introduction and employment of validated assessment tools, the construction of violent prevention and control system. Only through the joint efforts above could we reduce the occurrence of psychiatry violence injuries and ensure a safety practice environment for the maintenance and improvement of nurses′ health in mental health department.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862515

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the epidemic characteristics and spatial clustering of pulmonary tuberculosis in Wuhan from 2011 to 2019, and to provide a scientific basis for formulating intervention strategies and measures. Methods Descriptive statistical analysis was conducted on the epidemic characteristics of tuberculosis data in Wuhan registered in the national tuberculosis information management system in the last 9 years, and spatial autocorrelation analysis was performed on the incidence of tuberculosis in 155 communities or in the city using Arcgis10.5 software. Results From 2011 to 2019, there were 56,432 cases of tuberculosis reported in Wuhan, and the annual average reported incidence rate of tuberculosis was 59.24/100 000. The overall incidence rate showed a fluctuating downward trend, with an average annual decline rate of 1.99%. The ratio of the number of cases between men and women was 2.35:1, and the incidence rate in males was higher than that in females (χ2=285.36,P0,P<0.001), and the high-high aggregation areas of tuberculosis were mainly distributed in Erqi community, Baibuting community, Liujiaoting community, Yijiadun community, Heping Street, Changqian Street, Tonghu farm, Yuxian Town, Zhifang Town, Wulijie Town, Fenghuang Street, Liji Street, and Daoguanhe Street. Conclusion The overall epidemic situation of pulmonary tuberculosis in Wuhan showed a slow downward trend. The main population and the clustering time of cases were relatively fixed, and the overall epidemic showed a certain spatial clustering. Active screening should be carried out for high-risk populations and high-aggregation areas, and effective prevention and control strategies should be developed based on time and location classification.

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